Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1629
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Miles Jeffrey P - - 2010
The current study estimated pulpal vitality after MTA pulp caps were performed by undergraduate student clinicians. At recall after 12 to 27 months, 51 pulp caps were clinically and radiographically assessed. Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to estimate overall success at 12 and 24 months, determined as the presence of a ...
Aminabadi Naser Asl - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the premedicated direct pulp capping using formocresol (PDC) versus conventional direct pulp capping using calcium hydroxide (CDC) in human carious primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 120 vital primary molars with pinpoint exposure during caries removal in 84 patients aged 4-5 years were ...
Cionca Norbert - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that use of systemic antibiotics should be limited to patients with specific microbiologic profiles. The main purpose of the present analysis was to study whether microbiologic testing before therapy was of value in predicting which patients would specifically benefit from adjunctive amoxicillin and metronidazole, given ...
Dom?nguez Arantza - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although some studies have attempted to elucidate the possible advantages of the use of Er:YAG laser radiation as a coadjuvant of scaling and root planing (SRP), the results have often been contradictory. A new possibility to improve the results of the laser therapy is the control of ...
Vilhena F V - - 2010
Low-fluoride dentifrices have been suggested as alternatives to reduce dental fluorosis risk, but there is no consensus regarding their clinical effectiveness, which has been suggested to be increased when their pH is acidic. This single-blind randomized clinical trial evaluated the caries increment during the use of a low-fluoride acidic liquid ...
Oliveira Fernando José de - - 2010
Infectious and inflammatory processes mediated by bacteria in distant sites have been described as a risk factor for acute ischemic heart disease (AIHD). One hundred one patients with AIHD with and without chronic periodontitis (CP) were included in this study. Patients were admitted to the HC UNICAMP and stratified into ...
Saito Atsushi - - 2010
The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate the treatment of intrabony periodontal defects with enamel matrix derivative (EMD) during the early stages of healing. Sixteen patients aged 38-77 years with a clinical diagnosis of chronic periodontitis were subjected to data analysis. A total of 25 teeth with ...
Sonbul Helal - - 2010
The preventive effect of a modified fluoride (F) toothpaste technique was investigated. Both the incidence and progression of approximal caries among Saudi adults with a high caries prevalence were evaluated after 2 years. A total of 175 adults were randomly assigned to a test group and a control group and ...
Sakellari Dimitra - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The impact of a locally delivered chlorhexidine chip (Periochip) on clinical and microbiological parameters of chronic periodontitis requires further documentation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the chip as an adjunct to mechanical treatment of chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Fifty patients with chronic periodontitis ...
Al-Sabbagh Mohanad - - 2010
This study sought to characterize the incidence and clinical progression of dentinal hypersensitivity after periodontal surgery. Fourteen patients scheduled for open-flap periodontal debridement participated in the study. Ten subjects completed the study and were evaluated for six consecutive weeks after periodontal surgery. Tactile hypersensitivity was assessed using the Yeaple probe; ...
Ribeiro Fernanda Vieira - - 2010
This case series evaluated the clinical performance and patient-centered outcomes after a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) associated with enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD), for the treatment of intra-bony defects. Twelve patients presenting teeth with probing depth >or=5 mm and bleeding on probing associated with radiographic evidence of intra-bony defect ...
Innes Nicola - - 2010
DESIGN: A split-mouth randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. INTERVENTION: Standard noncarious pulp exposures were treated with either enamel matrix derivative (EMD) or calcium hydroxide and restored with a preformed metal crown (PMC). Patients were followed up at 1, 6 and 12 months. OUTCOME MEASURE: The appearance of any of ...
Yilmaz Selcuk - - 2010
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the healing response of intrabony defects following regenerative treatment with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with a bovine-derived xenograft (BDX) in smokers and non-smokers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 advanced chronic periodontitis patients, 12 smokers and 12 non-smokers, with 113 ...
Closs Luciane Quadrado - - 2010
A combined periodontal and orthodontic treatment demands a detailed evaluation in both specialties, particularly when the periodontium is reduced. This is especially true for adult patients, but young patients can also suffer from advanced periodontitis. This article describes combined periodontal and orthodontic therapy in a young patient with severe localized ...
Farina R - - 2010
AIM: Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for periodontitis incidence and progression. Contrasting results were obtained when the impact of cigarette smoking on the clinical outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) was evaluated. The present study was designed to evaluate the smoking status as outcome determinant of NSPT. METHODS: Two ...
Hansmeier Ulrich - - 2010
Purpose. The aim of this prospective longitudinal clinical pilot study was the evaluation of the effect on the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and patient-centered results of the envelope technique for Connective Tissue Graft (CTG). Methods. Sixteen patients (11 females) 24 to 71 years of age (42.6 +/- 11.1) received ...
Matthews Debora D Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2010
Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), OpenSIGLE (System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe) and reference lists of identified studies. Study Selection Cohort studies, case-control studies and case series limited to patients with periodontitis who underwent active periodontal treatment (APT) and followed a maintenance care programme ...
De Moor Roeland J G - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of adhesive filling materials in class V cavities in xerostomic head- and neck-irradiated cancer patients, in terms of marginal adaptation, anatomical form and recurrent caries. We selected 35 high-caries-risk, post-radiation, xerostomic adults with ≥3 cervical carious lesions in the ...
Marcaccini Andrea M - - 2010
This study aimed at comparing the levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, tissue Inhibitor of MMPs (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2, Myeloperoxidase (MPO), and MMP-9 in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of chronic periodontitis (CP) patients and controls at baseline and 3 months after non-surgical therapy. GCF was collected from one site of ...
Kargul B - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the retention rates of a resin based colour changing fissure sealant (Helioseal((R)) Clear Chroma; Ivoclar Vivadent AG Schaan, Liechtenstein ) compared with a coloured resin based fluoride fissure sealant (Delton((R)) FS(+); Dentsply De Trey GmbH,Konstanz,Germany). METHODS: The fissure sealants (FS) were placed on all 4 caries-free first ...
Markou Nikolaos - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) alone or combined with other regenerative materials was previously studied in human periodontal endosseous defects. There are no sufficient data evaluating to what extent the addition of demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) to PRP may enhance the effectiveness of PRP. The aim of this randomized, double-masked, ...
Bayrak Sule - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CCP-ACP) application on the microhardness of bleached enamel and compare it to that of fluoride application. METHODS: 10 extracted bovine incisors were cut into four sections (4 x 4 x 3 mm) that were randomly distributed among five groups (n ...
Chambrone Luiz Armando - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical results obtained with laterally positioned flap (LPF) for the treatment of localized gingival recessions (GR). METHODS: 32 systemically healthy, non-smoking patients, with one Miller Class I or II buccal GR of > or = 3 mm, were treated with a LPF. At baseline the following ...
Mohammadi Zahed - - 2009
Disinfection of the root canal system is one of the primary aims of root canal treatment. This can be achieved through the use of various antimicrobial agents in the form of irrigants and medicaments. These agents are only used for relatively short periods of time ranging from minutes (for irrigants) ...
Abundo Roberto - - 2009
Root coverage is the goal of periodontal plastic surgery when treating gingival recessions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical results 1 year after treatment with an envelope connective tissue graft technique for single recessions. Forty consecutive patients with single recessions were treated. At baseline and ...
Wax David B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: New reflectance pulse oximetry probes placed on the forehead may be an improvement over transmittance probes placed on a finger, toe, or earlobe in patients with compromised perfusion. We compared the reliability and accuracy of the 2 types of probes in patients undergoing vascular surgery. METHODS: Patients with peripheral ...
Aroca Sofia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this controlled randomized split-mouth study was to evaluate whether a modified tunnel/connective tissue graft (CTG) technique - enamel matrix derivative (EMD) combination will improve the treatment of multiple class III recession when compared with the same technique alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects with a ...
Ozmeric Nurdan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Nitric oxide (NO) has been linked to inflammatory reactions, tissue destruction, host defense, and wound healing in oral diseases. It is known that arginase enzyme controls the synthesis of NO through arginine depletion. This study evaluated the arginase-NO pathway alteration in response to tissue injury after dental ...
Ellefsen Birita - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a study to determine one-year coronal and root caries increments in patients newly diagnosed as having Alzheimer disease (AD), other dementia (OD) or no dementia. METHODS: The authors recruited patients from two hospital memory clinics in Copenhagen. The oral examination included an assessment of dental status ...
Sasaki Robson Tetsuo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of home-use bleaching agents containing 10% carbamide peroxide and 7.5% hydrogen peroxide on enamel microhardness and surface micromorphology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Enamel slabs (n=10) received the bleaching agents for 1 h/day and remained in artificial saliva solution for 23 ...
Oltramari-Navarro Paula Vanessa Pedron - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In this double-blind and randomized controlled trial, we analyzed whether a lower concentration of chlorhexidine in dentifrices could reduce the risk of tooth staining without compromising its effectiveness in controlling gingivitis, bleeding, and dental plaque. METHODS: Volunteers with fixed orthodontic appliances were randomly divided into 3 groups: control, 1100 ...
Enhos Sukru - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status of patients with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) and the correlation of changes in serum and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) ferritin levels after periodontal therapy. METHODS: Nineteen female patients with anemic hematologic values were classified as group A, and 20 ...
Grobler S R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of various tooth-whitening products containing carbamide peroxide (CP) or hydrogen peroxide (HP), on enamel microhardness. METHODS: Enamel blocks were exposed to: Nite White ACP 10% CP (Group 2, n=10); Yotuel Patient 10% CP (Group 3, n=10); Opalescence ...
Santana Ronaldo B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The treatment of molar furcation defects remains a considerable challenge in clinical practice. The degree of success in the management of furcation involvement is highly variable and inversely related to initial probing depth (PD) measurements in these lesions. The identification of clinical measurements influential to the treatment outcomes is ...
Stein Jamal M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of a novel biphasic calcium composite (BCC) biomaterial versus autogenous bone spongiosa (ABS) or open flap debridement (OFD) for the treatment of intrabony periodontal defects. METHODS: Forty-five subjects with at least one intrabony defect with a probing depth ...
Bizhang Mozhgan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The current study assessed the efficacy of three current bleaching methods. METHODS: Seventy-five healthy subjects (45 female; 30 male) with anterior teeth, having a Vita Shade score of A2 or darker, participated in the study. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: Group A: home-bleaching ...
Lee Eun - - 2009
Mucoceles have diverse clinical and histological features. Their pathogenesis remains to be elucidated. To determine the structural and/or pathogenic differences between two clinically different types of mucoceles. Seventeen oral mucoceles were examined clinically and immunohistologically. The mucoceles were divided into two groups by their clinical manifestations: papular group (PG) and ...
Ciccone A - - 2010
Objective To assess the feasibility, safety and preliminary efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) compared with standard intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) for acute ischemic stroke. Methods Eligible patients with ischemic stroke, who were devoid of contraindications, started IVT within 3 h or IAT as soon as possible within 6 h. Patients were ...
Tacken Michel P E - - 2010
The objective of this study was to compare glass fibre reinforced (GFR) with multistranded bonded orthodontic retainers in terms of success rate and periodontal implications. A 2 year parallel study was conducted of 184 patients scheduled to receive bonded retainers in the upper and lower anterior segments. In three centres, ...
Rühling Andreas - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the short-term performance of a session of single photodynamic therapy (PDT) and of a conventional ultrasonic debridement (UST) in persistent pockets of maintenance patients. In a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical study, patients with chronic periodontitis with at least two persistent pockets ...
McCracken Giles I - - 2009
AIM: To compare clinical effects of manual and powered toothbrushes on sites of localized gingival recession over 12 months. To evaluate patterns and the extent of toothbrush bristle wear. METHODS: A longitudinal, single-blind, randomized, parallel group clinical trial compared the effects of one manual and one powered toothbrush on incipient ...
Nickles Katrin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the 10-year results after open flap debridement (OFD) and guided tissue regeneration (GTR) therapy of infrabony defects in a randomized controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 16 periodontitis patients OFD or polylactide acetyltributyl citrate barriers (GTR; n=23) were assigned randomly to 44 infrabony defects. In a ...
Hussain Bokhari Syed Akhtar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests an association between periodontal disease and coronary heart disease (CHD). C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and white blood cell (WBC) counts are markers of inflammation, and their systemic levels have been associated with CHD risk. This pilot study investigated the effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy on systemic levels ...
D??ri Ferenc - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Periodontal therapy using the combination of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and different grafting materials has been suggested as a modality to enhance the outcome of regenerative surgery. In most clinical studies, a barrier membrane was used to cover the defects, and thus, the effects of PRP may have been masked ...
Rajesh J B - - 2009
Calcium phosphate cements (CPC) are apparently good candidates for periodontal treatment by virtue of their biocompatibility, mouldability and osteoconductivity. However, the clinical efficacy in this regard has not been established. This study is aimed at the evaluation of the efficacy of a formulation of CPC in healing human periodontal intraosseous ...
Brito Patr??cia R R - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Several irrigation techniques have been recently introduced with the main objective of improving root canal disinfection. This in vitro study aimed at comparing the intracanal bacterial reduction promoted by chemomechanical preparation with 3 different irrigation techniques. METHODS: Root canals from extracted teeth were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212 ...
Haddad Ana Cristina Soares Santos - - 2009
This study aimed at comparing amounts of nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr) released from brackets from different manufacturers in simulated oral environments. 280 brackets were equally divided into 7 groups according to manufacturer. 6 groups of brackets were stainless steel, and 1 group of brackets was made of a cobalt-chromium ...
Garg Garima - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Cathepsin K (CTSK), predominantly expressed in osteoclasts, is a potent extracellular matrix degrading enzyme that plays a critical role in osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Its increased gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels in periodontal disease have been reported in a previous study. The present study has been carried out to assess ...
Leung Yiu Yan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the surgical complications and neurosensory disturbances of coronectomy and total excision of lower wisdom teeth with roots in close proximity to the inferior dental nerve (IDN). STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the surgical complications and IDN ...
Grobler S R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Opalescence PF 10% just after treatment, at 6-month follow-up and at a 14-month follow-up period. METHODS: Opalescence PF 10% was applied nightly for 14 days. The color of teeth 11 and 21 of 17 subjects were measured with a spectrophotometer (L*; a*; b*) before ...
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