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Results 301 - 350 of 1592
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Lee Eun - - 2009
Mucoceles have diverse clinical and histological features. Their pathogenesis remains to be elucidated. To determine the structural and/or pathogenic differences between two clinically different types of mucoceles. Seventeen oral mucoceles were examined clinically and immunohistologically. The mucoceles were divided into two groups by their clinical manifestations: papular group (PG) and ...
Ciccone A - - 2010
Objective To assess the feasibility, safety and preliminary efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) compared with standard intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) for acute ischemic stroke. Methods Eligible patients with ischemic stroke, who were devoid of contraindications, started IVT within 3 h or IAT as soon as possible within 6 h. Patients were ...
Tacken Michel P E - - 2010
The objective of this study was to compare glass fibre reinforced (GFR) with multistranded bonded orthodontic retainers in terms of success rate and periodontal implications. A 2 year parallel study was conducted of 184 patients scheduled to receive bonded retainers in the upper and lower anterior segments. In three centres, ...
Rühling Andreas - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the short-term performance of a session of single photodynamic therapy (PDT) and of a conventional ultrasonic debridement (UST) in persistent pockets of maintenance patients. In a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical study, patients with chronic periodontitis with at least two persistent pockets ...
McCracken Giles I - - 2009
AIM: To compare clinical effects of manual and powered toothbrushes on sites of localized gingival recession over 12 months. To evaluate patterns and the extent of toothbrush bristle wear. METHODS: A longitudinal, single-blind, randomized, parallel group clinical trial compared the effects of one manual and one powered toothbrush on incipient ...
Nickles Katrin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the 10-year results after open flap debridement (OFD) and guided tissue regeneration (GTR) therapy of infrabony defects in a randomized controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 16 periodontitis patients OFD or polylactide acetyltributyl citrate barriers (GTR; n=23) were assigned randomly to 44 infrabony defects. In a ...
Hussain Bokhari Syed Akhtar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests an association between periodontal disease and coronary heart disease (CHD). C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and white blood cell (WBC) counts are markers of inflammation, and their systemic levels have been associated with CHD risk. This pilot study investigated the effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy on systemic levels ...
D??ri Ferenc - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Periodontal therapy using the combination of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and different grafting materials has been suggested as a modality to enhance the outcome of regenerative surgery. In most clinical studies, a barrier membrane was used to cover the defects, and thus, the effects of PRP may have been masked ...
Rajesh J B - - 2009
Calcium phosphate cements (CPC) are apparently good candidates for periodontal treatment by virtue of their biocompatibility, mouldability and osteoconductivity. However, the clinical efficacy in this regard has not been established. This study is aimed at the evaluation of the efficacy of a formulation of CPC in healing human periodontal intraosseous ...
Brito Patr??cia R R - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Several irrigation techniques have been recently introduced with the main objective of improving root canal disinfection. This in vitro study aimed at comparing the intracanal bacterial reduction promoted by chemomechanical preparation with 3 different irrigation techniques. METHODS: Root canals from extracted teeth were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212 ...
Haddad Ana Cristina Soares Santos - - 2009
This study aimed at comparing amounts of nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr) released from brackets from different manufacturers in simulated oral environments. 280 brackets were equally divided into 7 groups according to manufacturer. 6 groups of brackets were stainless steel, and 1 group of brackets was made of a cobalt-chromium ...
Garg Garima - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Cathepsin K (CTSK), predominantly expressed in osteoclasts, is a potent extracellular matrix degrading enzyme that plays a critical role in osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Its increased gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels in periodontal disease have been reported in a previous study. The present study has been carried out to assess ...
Leung Yiu Yan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the surgical complications and neurosensory disturbances of coronectomy and total excision of lower wisdom teeth with roots in close proximity to the inferior dental nerve (IDN). STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the surgical complications and IDN ...
Grobler S R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Opalescence PF 10% just after treatment, at 6-month follow-up and at a 14-month follow-up period. METHODS: Opalescence PF 10% was applied nightly for 14 days. The color of teeth 11 and 21 of 17 subjects were measured with a spectrophotometer (L*; a*; b*) before ...
Paolantonio Michele - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The use of locally delivered antibacterials containing chlorhexidine (CHX) was proposed to improve the effectiveness of non-surgical periodontal treatment. The present multicenter randomized study investigated the effects of a xanthan-based chlorhexidine (Xan-CHX) gel used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. ...
Oberg Carolina - - 2009
One hundred twelve specimens from bovine incisors were divided into eight groups: Group 1 (treated with 10% strontium chloride gel), Group 2 (treated with 2% sodium fluoride gel), Group 3 (treated with 2% stannous fluoride gel), Group 4 (treated with 5% potassium nitrate gel), Group 5 (treated with 10% potassium ...
Borges Alessandra Bühler - - 2009
This study investigated the effect of the addition of calcium and fluoride into a 35% hydrogen peroxide gel on enamel surface and subsurface microhardness. Twenty extracted human third molars were sectioned to obtain enamel fragments and they were divided into four groups (n = 20) according to the bleaching treatment. ...
Yashima Akihiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: One-stage full-mouth scaling and root planing (FM-SRP) in combination with systemically administered azithromycin was shown to be clinically and bacteriologically effective in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. However, FM-SRP requires 2 hours for completion. Azithromycin has a long half-life. Therefore, if SRP of the full mouth is performed within ...
Tan A E S - - 2009
The main goal of periodontal therapy is to establish an oral environment compatible with periodontal health by the physical disruption of the plaque biofilm and adjunctive chemical means if required. Implicit in this objective is the ongoing requirement of detection and interception of new and recurrent disease, which continues at ...
Taşdemir Tamer - - 2009
This study compared the sealing ability of 3 current filling techniques in root canals shaped with 2 different rotary systems. Eighty human extracted mandibular premolars were divided randomly into 2 similar groups of 40 each and instrumented with either ProTaper (Dentsply Maillefer, Tulsa, OK; group A) or Mtwo (VDW; Antaeos, ...
Agudio G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective long-term split-mouth study was to compare the periodontal conditions of sites treated with gingival-augmentation procedures to untreated homologous contralateral sites over a long period of time (10 to 27 years). METHODS: Fifty-five subjects with 73 sites (test group) lacking attached gingiva associated with recessions ...
Demling A - - 2009
Insertion of fixed orthodontic appliances can induce an increase in oral biofilm and thereby cause inflammation of the periodontal tissues. The purpose of this study was to perform a longitudinal analysis of clinical and microbial parameters after insertion of lingual brackets. Bleeding on probing (BOP), plaque index (PI), and pocket ...
Heinz Bernd - - 2010
The purpose of the present randomized controlled clinical study was to compare the clinical outcomes of papilla preservation flap surgery with or without the application of a novel nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) bone graft substitute. Fourteen patients with paired intrabony periodontal defects of ≥ 4 mm participated in this split-mouth design ...
Tsubura S - - 2009
Bacillus subtilis is an effective probiotic product for prevention of enteric infections both in humans and animals. We hypothesized that a mouth rinse containing Bacillus subtilis should adhere to and colonize part of the oral bacteria on periodontal tissue. The rinsing ability of Extraction 300E (containing Bacillus subtilis: E-300) was ...
Ruiz A - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to determine the anti-Listeria and general antimicrobial properties of nisin, rosemary, and EDTA alone and in combination on Listeria monocytogenes inoculated on ready-to-eat vacuum-packaged diced turkey ham and to ascertain the effects of the treatments on pH and objective color. The turkey hams were ...
Cetinkaya Burcu Ozkan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effects of different suturing techniques (simple loop suture vs. anchor suture) on the periodontal health of the adjacent second molars after impacted mandibular third molar extraction. STUDY DESIGN: Fifteen patients with bilaterally identical impacted mandibular third molars were ...
Carroll John F - - 2009
From 1998-2002 twenty-five deer self-treatment devices (4-Posters), using 2% amitraz, were operated at three locations in Maryland to determine their effectiveness in controlling blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis Say, and lone star ticks, Amblyomma americanum (L.). Each treatment site was approximately 518 ha and paired with a similar site lacking 4-Posters. ...
Ribeiro Erica Del Peloso Edel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adjunctive clinical, microbiologic, and immunologic effects of the systemic administration of amoxicillin and metronidazole in the full-mouth ultrasonic debridement of patients with severe chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Twenty-five patients presenting at least eight teeth with probing depth (PD) > or =5 ...
Pradeep A R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Initial research has reported high levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of periodontitis patients. Present study has been carried out to assess its concentration in serum and to find its association with periodontal health and disease. DESIGN: 60 subjects were divided into three groups ...
Boynueğri Duygu - - 2009
Periodontitis is a chronic infection in the supportive tissue of the teeth which eventually leads to tooth loss. Various grafting materials and barrier membranes have been used to repair periodontal intraosseous lesions. Chitosan is a derivative of chitin, a natural biopolymer, which is biologically safe, biodegradable, and nontoxic and has ...
Peres Maria Fernanda Santos - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the crown shape on the outcomes of root coverage procedures. Eighty patients with Miller class I gingival recessions in maxillary canines or premolars were selected. The recession areas were treated using the subepithelial connective tissue grafting. The following clinical ...
Zucchelli G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vertical releasing incisions might damage the blood supply to the flap and result in unesthetic visible white scars. The aim of the present study was to compare root coverage and esthetic outcomes of the coronally advanced flap (CAF) with and without vertical releasing incisions in the treatment of multiple ...
Bittencourt Sandro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The objective of this prospective, controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) or semilunar coronally positioned flap (SCPF) for the treatment of Miller Class I gingival recession defects. METHODS: Seventeen patients with bilateral Miller Class I gingival recessions (< or =4.0 ...
Reis A - - 2009
This double-blind randomized clinical trial compared different ethanol/water and acetone-based systems in non-carious cervical lesions over 36 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients having at least one non-carious cervical lesion [NCCL] under occlusion were enrolled in this study. A total of 84 restorations were placed, half for each group (Adper ...
Slot Dagmar E - - 2009
Laser treatment may serve as an alternative or adjunctive treatment to conventional mechanical therapy in periodontics. The neodymium-doped:yttrium, aluminum, and garnet (Nd:YAG) laser has been used in periodontics. Systematic reviews aid in clinical decision-making. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a systematic manner and after a comprehensive ...
Kalhoro Feroze Ali - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of flare-ups in single-visit endodontic treatment and the associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: Observational. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Baqai Dental College Hospital, Karachi, from November 2005 to May 2006. METHODOLOGY: One hundred patients were assigned for single-visit root canal treatment. Patients that defaulted after the ...
Griffin Terrence J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A platelet concentrate graft (PCG) was applied underneath the barrier membrane in guided tissue regeneration (GTR)-based root coverage procedures. The purpose of this case study was to assess the effectiveness of the technique and the long-term outcomes. METHODS: Thirty-seven Miller Class I or II recession defects in six patients ...
Pourabbas Reza - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Coverage of gingival recession defects has been considered as a subject of interest for dental practitioners. AIM: The present study was aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of root coverage (RC) procedures, using coronally advanced flap (CAF) in combination with acellular dermal matrix (ADM) with or without enamel matrix ...
Vedeswari C Ponranjini - - 2009
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the autofluorescence spectra of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) with normal mucosa, the autofluorescence spectra of OSF before and after treatment with intralesional dexamethasone and hyaluronidase, the clinical improvement following treatment with the changes in autofluorescence spectra and to prove that autofluorescence spectroscopy is a good ...
Aranha Ana Cecilia Corrêa - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare different treatments for dentin hypersensitivity in a 6-month follow-up. One hundred and one teeth exhibiting non carious cervical lesions were selected. The assessment method used to quantify sensitivity was the cold air syringe, recorded by the visual analogue scale (VAS), prior to ...
Polansky Raoul - - 2009
AIM: A randomized-controlled clinical pilot trial was designed to evaluate photodynamic therapy (PDT) for its bactericidal potential and clinical effect in the treatment of periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-eight subjects with chronic periodontitis were included. Each subject exhibited at least three active periodontal pockets 5mm or deeper, bleeding on probing ...
Zmener Osvaldo - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the NaviTip FX (Ultradent Products Inc, South Jordan, UT), a 30-gauge brush-covered irrigation needle, in removing debris and smear layer in vitro. METHODS: Forty mesio-buccal maxillary and mandibular first molar root canals with 20 degrees to 30 degrees curved roots were randomly divided ...
Lulic Martina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Single photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been effective in initial periodontal therapy, but only improved bleeding on probing (BoP) in maintenance patients after a single use. Repeated PDT has not been addressed. OBJECTIVES: To study the possible added benefits of repeated adjunctive PDT to conventional treatment of residual pockets in ...
Souza Raphael F - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the domestic use of a disclosing agent for denture hygiene. Completely edentulous participants wearing maxillary dentures were randomly assigned to one of the three intervention groups: (1) Follow-up only (control; n = 12); (2) Oral and denture hygiene instructions ...
Dolanmaz Dogan - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of coronectomy for teeth whose root apices are very close to the inferior alveolar canal. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The 43 patients of this study needed removal of their lower third molar, whose root apices were very close to the ...
Abolfazli Nader - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the 24 month results of coronally advanced flap + enamel matrix derivates (EMD+CAF) and CAF+ connective tissue graft (CTG+CAF) in the treatment of Miller Class I recession defects. METHODS: Twelve patients with bilateral gingival recessions were treated with EMD+CAF or CTG+CAF. ...
Byun Ho-Young - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Most clinicians adopt two versions of the subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) procedure, SCTG with or without the epithelial collar on the graft combined with a coronally advanced flap (CAF). However, limited evidence is available to determine whether a retained epithelial collar on an SCTG is needed for a ...
Ribeiro Daniela Garcia - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two different preventive oral hygiene education and motivation programmes on the plaque and gingival index, as well as denture hygiene of patients provided with removable partial denture (RPD) during a 12-month follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of ...
Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group Jaeb Center for Health Research, Tampa, Florida33647, USA. - - 2009
Repeat probing of the nasolacrimal duct is one treatment option for children with persistent symptoms of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) following an initial probing. The authors conducted a prospective, multicenter study in which 20 subjects age 6 to <48 months underwent a repeat probing for symptomatic NLDO and had follow-up ...
Cortelli Sheila Cavalca - - 2009
This longitudinal study evaluated the response to periodontal treatment by subjects infected with either JP2 (n = 25) or non-JP2 (n = 25) Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans. Participants were treated during the first 4 months by receiving (i) scaling and root planing, (ii) systemic antibiotic therapy, and (iii) periodontal surgery. Probing ...
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