Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1649
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Bhuva B - - 2010
AIM: To compare the efficacy of passive ultrasonic irrigation with 1% sodium hypochlorite, with that of conventional syringe irrigation with 1% sodium hypochlorite, on intraradicular Enterococcus faecalis biofilms in extracted single-rooted human teeth. METHODOLOGY: Biofilms of E. faecalis (strain OMGS 3202) were grown on the prepared root canal walls of ...
Nogueira-Filho Getulio R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of severe cases of chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 20 patients diagnosed with severe generalized chronic periodontitis (pockets>7mm) with bleeding on probing, SRP was rendered in all ...
Romanos Georgios E - - 2010
In recent years, the combination of laser light and photosensitizer known as photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been used in periodontal therapy. However, there are not enough clinical studies to fully evaluate the effects of PDT on the periodontal tissues. This microbiological study examined the effects of PDT on the periodontal ...
Marques Leandro Silva - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Our aims in this study were to assess the prevalence of severe root resorption and identify possible associations in orthodontic patients treated with the edgewise method. METHODS: The sample included 1049 patients who had periapical radiographs taken for all incisors before and after treatment. The radiographs were examined by ...
Thorat Manojkumar S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The initial study has reported the increased level of oncostatin M (OSM) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of chronic periodontitis patients, and no study has reported its level in gingivitis patients. Therefore, the present study has been carried out to measure the level of OSM in gingival crevicular fluid ...
Jansen M D - - 2010
A cohort study was initiated in the spring of 2006 to investigate epidemiological aspects and pathogenesis of salmonid alphavirus (SAV) subtype 3 infections and pancreas disease (PD). The aims were to assess involvement of the freshwater production phase, the extent and frequency of subclinical infections and to follow PD-affected populations ...
Stewart Jeffrey T - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of endodontic file distortion and breakage when the Liberator (Miltex Inc, York, PA), EndoSequence (Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA), and ProFile (Tulsa Dental Products, Tulsa, OK) systems were used to instrument severely curved root canals of extracted human molars. METHODS: ...
Casagrande Luciano - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of indirect pulp treatment (IPT) in primary molars after long-term function (up to 60 months). METHODS: Teeth with deep carious lesions without signs and symptoms of irreversible pulpitis were divided by random allocation into two groups, according to the capping material utilized over ...
Stratul S-I - - 2010
Scaling and root planing are the causal procedure in the treatment of periodontitis. Many attempts have been made to improve the outcome. The aim of this study was to verify the influence of the extended use of chlorhexidine after one-stage full-mouth (FM) SRP in patients with chronic periodontitis on the ...
Pradeep Avani R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that results in bone resorption creating bony defects, which may cause tooth loss. Various drugs have been studied using local delivery to improve the periodontal health and to achieve periodontal regeneration. Simvastatin (SMV) is a specific competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase. The ...
Stavropoulos Andreas - - 2010
To present the 6-year results of a randomized-controlled clinical trial evaluating guided tissue regeneration (GTR) combined with or without deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) in intrabony defects. In each of 45 patients, one defect was treated with GTR combined with DBBM hydrated in saline (DBBM-) or gentamicin sulphate (DBBM+) or ...
Chambrone Daniella - - 2010
To evaluate a comparison of open-flap debridement (OFD) with or without the use of enamel matrix proteins (EMP) for the treatment of infrabony defects. Ten volunteers (38 infrabony defects) were randomized to receive OFD+EMP (test site) and OFD (control site). Clinical outcomes included mean changes in Plaque Index, Gingival Index, ...
Pejcic Ana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to analyze the effects of low level laser irradiation treatment and conservative treatment on gingival inflammation. BACKGROUND: It is widely accepted today that the primary etiological factor for the onset of periodontitis is dental plaque, although the exact mechanism of damage remains unknown. ...
Liu Kaining - - 2010
BACKGROUND: 25-hydroxy vitamin D(3) is the major circulating metabolite of vitamin D. Elevated plasma 25-hydroxy vitamin D(3) levels were verified to be associated with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP). In the present study, the influence of initial periodontal therapy on systemic and local levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D(3) and three related ...
Shin Dong-Seok - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to observe and quantify the expression of interleukin-4 (IL-4), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) in the gingival tissue of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and healthy adults with chronic periodontitis. Twelve patients with type 2 DM and chronic ...
Fleming Chris H - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Many recent technological advancements have been made in the field of endodontics; however, comparatively few studies have evaluated their impact on tooth survival. This study compared the survival rates of endodontic treatment performed by using classic techniques (eg, instrumentation with stainless steel hand files, alternating 5.25% NaOCl and 3% ...
Koyama Shigeto - - 2010
The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate factors that affected the continuing use of RPDs and the patients' satisfaction 5 years after delivery. Sixty-seven patients treated with 90 RPDs delivered at the Tohoku University Hospital (Sendai, Japan) between 1996 and 2001 participated in this study. The patients were ...
Babu Ramesh - - 2010
To document the change in anterio-posterior pelvic diameter (APPD), cortical thickness (CT) and pelvis/cortex ratio (P/C ratio) following pyeloplasty, and determine the usefulness of each of these parameters in assessing postoperative outcome. Twenty-four children with unilateral pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction who underwent standard dismembered pyeloplasty with stent were prospectively studied (median ...
Aspriello Simone Domenico - - 2011
The aim of this randomized double-blind, clinical trial was to compare the use of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) and demineralised freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBA) with DFDBA alone for the treatment of human periodontal intrabony defects at 12 months post-surgery. Fifty-six intrabony osseous defects in 56 periodontis patients were randomly assigned to ...
Wegehaupt Florian J - - 2010
To investigate the effect of various fluoride compounds and casein phosphopeptide/amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) on the reduction of erosive/abrasive tooth wear. Forty enamel samples were prepared from bovine lower incisors, stratified and allocated to 4 groups (1-4). Samples in group 1 remained untreated and served as negative controls. The test ...
Miles Jeffrey P - - 2010
The current study estimated pulpal vitality after MTA pulp caps were performed by undergraduate student clinicians. At recall after 12 to 27 months, 51 pulp caps were clinically and radiographically assessed. Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to estimate overall success at 12 and 24 months, determined as the presence of a ...
Aminabadi Naser Asl - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the premedicated direct pulp capping using formocresol (PDC) versus conventional direct pulp capping using calcium hydroxide (CDC) in human carious primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 120 vital primary molars with pinpoint exposure during caries removal in 84 patients aged 4-5 years were ...
Cionca Norbert - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that use of systemic antibiotics should be limited to patients with specific microbiologic profiles. The main purpose of the present analysis was to study whether microbiologic testing before therapy was of value in predicting which patients would specifically benefit from adjunctive amoxicillin and metronidazole, given ...
Dom?nguez Arantza - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although some studies have attempted to elucidate the possible advantages of the use of Er:YAG laser radiation as a coadjuvant of scaling and root planing (SRP), the results have often been contradictory. A new possibility to improve the results of the laser therapy is the control of ...
Vilhena F V - - 2010
Low-fluoride dentifrices have been suggested as alternatives to reduce dental fluorosis risk, but there is no consensus regarding their clinical effectiveness, which has been suggested to be increased when their pH is acidic. This single-blind randomized clinical trial evaluated the caries increment during the use of a low-fluoride acidic liquid ...
Oliveira Fernando José de - - 2010
Infectious and inflammatory processes mediated by bacteria in distant sites have been described as a risk factor for acute ischemic heart disease (AIHD). One hundred one patients with AIHD with and without chronic periodontitis (CP) were included in this study. Patients were admitted to the HC UNICAMP and stratified into ...
Saito Atsushi - - 2010
The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate the treatment of intrabony periodontal defects with enamel matrix derivative (EMD) during the early stages of healing. Sixteen patients aged 38-77 years with a clinical diagnosis of chronic periodontitis were subjected to data analysis. A total of 25 teeth with ...
Sonbul Helal - - 2010
The preventive effect of a modified fluoride (F) toothpaste technique was investigated. Both the incidence and progression of approximal caries among Saudi adults with a high caries prevalence were evaluated after 2 years. A total of 175 adults were randomly assigned to a test group and a control group and ...
Sakellari Dimitra - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The impact of a locally delivered chlorhexidine chip (Periochip) on clinical and microbiological parameters of chronic periodontitis requires further documentation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the chip as an adjunct to mechanical treatment of chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Fifty patients with chronic periodontitis ...
Al-Sabbagh Mohanad - - 2010
This study sought to characterize the incidence and clinical progression of dentinal hypersensitivity after periodontal surgery. Fourteen patients scheduled for open-flap periodontal debridement participated in the study. Ten subjects completed the study and were evaluated for six consecutive weeks after periodontal surgery. Tactile hypersensitivity was assessed using the Yeaple probe; ...
Ribeiro Fernanda Vieira - - 2010
This case series evaluated the clinical performance and patient-centered outcomes after a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) associated with enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD), for the treatment of intra-bony defects. Twelve patients presenting teeth with probing depth >or=5 mm and bleeding on probing associated with radiographic evidence of intra-bony defect ...
Innes Nicola - - 2010
DESIGN: A split-mouth randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. INTERVENTION: Standard noncarious pulp exposures were treated with either enamel matrix derivative (EMD) or calcium hydroxide and restored with a preformed metal crown (PMC). Patients were followed up at 1, 6 and 12 months. OUTCOME MEASURE: The appearance of any of ...
Yilmaz Selcuk - - 2010
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the healing response of intrabony defects following regenerative treatment with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with a bovine-derived xenograft (BDX) in smokers and non-smokers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 advanced chronic periodontitis patients, 12 smokers and 12 non-smokers, with 113 ...
Closs Luciane Quadrado - - 2010
A combined periodontal and orthodontic treatment demands a detailed evaluation in both specialties, particularly when the periodontium is reduced. This is especially true for adult patients, but young patients can also suffer from advanced periodontitis. This article describes combined periodontal and orthodontic therapy in a young patient with severe localized ...
Farina R - - 2010
AIM: Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for periodontitis incidence and progression. Contrasting results were obtained when the impact of cigarette smoking on the clinical outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) was evaluated. The present study was designed to evaluate the smoking status as outcome determinant of NSPT. METHODS: Two ...
Hansmeier Ulrich - - 2010
Purpose. The aim of this prospective longitudinal clinical pilot study was the evaluation of the effect on the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and patient-centered results of the envelope technique for Connective Tissue Graft (CTG). Methods. Sixteen patients (11 females) 24 to 71 years of age (42.6 +/- 11.1) received ...
Matthews Debora D Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2010
Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), OpenSIGLE (System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe) and reference lists of identified studies. Study Selection Cohort studies, case-control studies and case series limited to patients with periodontitis who underwent active periodontal treatment (APT) and followed a maintenance care programme ...
De Moor Roeland J G - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of adhesive filling materials in class V cavities in xerostomic head- and neck-irradiated cancer patients, in terms of marginal adaptation, anatomical form and recurrent caries. We selected 35 high-caries-risk, post-radiation, xerostomic adults with ≥3 cervical carious lesions in the ...
Marcaccini Andrea M - - 2010
This study aimed at comparing the levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, tissue Inhibitor of MMPs (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2, Myeloperoxidase (MPO), and MMP-9 in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of chronic periodontitis (CP) patients and controls at baseline and 3 months after non-surgical therapy. GCF was collected from one site of ...
Kargul B - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the retention rates of a resin based colour changing fissure sealant (Helioseal((R)) Clear Chroma; Ivoclar Vivadent AG Schaan, Liechtenstein ) compared with a coloured resin based fluoride fissure sealant (Delton((R)) FS(+); Dentsply De Trey GmbH,Konstanz,Germany). METHODS: The fissure sealants (FS) were placed on all 4 caries-free first ...
Markou Nikolaos - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) alone or combined with other regenerative materials was previously studied in human periodontal endosseous defects. There are no sufficient data evaluating to what extent the addition of demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) to PRP may enhance the effectiveness of PRP. The aim of this randomized, double-masked, ...
Bayrak Sule - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CCP-ACP) application on the microhardness of bleached enamel and compare it to that of fluoride application. METHODS: 10 extracted bovine incisors were cut into four sections (4 x 4 x 3 mm) that were randomly distributed among five groups (n ...
Chambrone Luiz Armando - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical results obtained with laterally positioned flap (LPF) for the treatment of localized gingival recessions (GR). METHODS: 32 systemically healthy, non-smoking patients, with one Miller Class I or II buccal GR of > or = 3 mm, were treated with a LPF. At baseline the following ...
Mohammadi Zahed - - 2009
Disinfection of the root canal system is one of the primary aims of root canal treatment. This can be achieved through the use of various antimicrobial agents in the form of irrigants and medicaments. These agents are only used for relatively short periods of time ranging from minutes (for irrigants) ...
Abundo Roberto - - 2009
Root coverage is the goal of periodontal plastic surgery when treating gingival recessions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical results 1 year after treatment with an envelope connective tissue graft technique for single recessions. Forty consecutive patients with single recessions were treated. At baseline and ...
Wax David B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: New reflectance pulse oximetry probes placed on the forehead may be an improvement over transmittance probes placed on a finger, toe, or earlobe in patients with compromised perfusion. We compared the reliability and accuracy of the 2 types of probes in patients undergoing vascular surgery. METHODS: Patients with peripheral ...
Aroca Sofia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this controlled randomized split-mouth study was to evaluate whether a modified tunnel/connective tissue graft (CTG) technique - enamel matrix derivative (EMD) combination will improve the treatment of multiple class III recession when compared with the same technique alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects with a ...
Ozmeric Nurdan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Nitric oxide (NO) has been linked to inflammatory reactions, tissue destruction, host defense, and wound healing in oral diseases. It is known that arginase enzyme controls the synthesis of NO through arginine depletion. This study evaluated the arginase-NO pathway alteration in response to tissue injury after dental ...
Ellefsen Birita - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a study to determine one-year coronal and root caries increments in patients newly diagnosed as having Alzheimer disease (AD), other dementia (OD) or no dementia. METHODS: The authors recruited patients from two hospital memory clinics in Copenhagen. The oral examination included an assessment of dental status ...
Sasaki Robson Tetsuo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of home-use bleaching agents containing 10% carbamide peroxide and 7.5% hydrogen peroxide on enamel microhardness and surface micromorphology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Enamel slabs (n=10) received the bleaching agents for 1 h/day and remained in artificial saliva solution for 23 ...
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