Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1630
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Al Mulla Anas H - - 2010
The hypothesis of this study was that toothpaste slurry rinsing, combined with other simple postbrushing steps (the modified fluoride toothpaste technique [MFTT]), would reduce the number of decayed and filled tooth surfaces. The study population consisted of 100 orthodontic patients randomly divided into 2 groups, 51 in the test group ...
Wu Guotao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate tooth mousse on the remineralization of bovine incisor by circularly polarized images. METHODS: Eighty bovine incisors, each with a 4 x 4 mm artificially demineralized area, were used. The samples were divided into four groups: Group A, casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium ...
Trombelli Leonardo - - 2010
The single flap approach (SFA) is a minimally invasive procedure designed for periodontal reconstructive procedures of intraosseous periodontal defects characterized by a dominant unilateral, buccal or oral, extension. This study evaluates the adjunctive effect of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) combined with a hydroxyapatite (HA) biomaterial in the management of intraosseous ...
Li Chun-Xiao - - 2010
Aedes albopictus is a primary nuisance pest and disease vector in China. Control of Ae. albopictus using current methods is difficult because of diverse larval breeding sites. In the present study, lambda-cyhalothrin was applied as a barrier spray to vegetation surrounding human dwellings for control of adult mosquito populations. Compared ...
Torres-Lagares Daniel - - 2010
The closure of post extraction gingival defects has not been studied in depth, although their achievement is of great importance in certain situations, such as prior to radiotherapy treatment in patients with oral cancer. The aim of this study is to assess the influence of bone substitutes on the time ...
Siciliano Vincenzo Iorio - - 2011
Background: The purpose of this study is to compare the healing of deep, non-contained intrabony defects (i.e., with a ≥80% 1-wall component and a residual 2- to 3-wall component in the most apical part) treated with either an enamel matrix derivative (EMD) or guided tissue regeneration (GTR) after 12 months. ...
Garcia M Nathalia - - 2011
A previous study reported by this group found that patients in periodontal maintenance programs taking vitamin D and calcium supplementation had a trend for better periodontal health compared to patients not taking supplementation. The objective of the present study is to determine, for the same cohort of subjects, whether such ...
Kammari Laxminarayana - - 2010
The 4-acetyl-2-nitrobenzyl moiety, substituted in both benzylic and phenacyl positions with leaving groups, has been proposed as a monochromophoric photocleavable linker. The attached groups can be disconnected selectively and orthogonally upon irradiation.
Casarin Renato Corrêa Viana - - 2010
This study aimed to evaluate the response of proximal furcations treated with enamel matrix derivative proteins (EMD) in a 24-month follow-up. Twelve patients presenting bilateral class II proximal furcation with vertical probing depth (PD) ≥5 mm and bleeding on probing were selected. The furcations were assigned to: a control group ...
Séguier Sylvie - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the photodynamic therapy (PDT) on the inflammatory infiltrate and on the collagen network organization in human advanced chronic periodontitis. Two different drug delivery systems (DDS) were tested (liposomes and nanoemulsions) to determine if the effects of PDT could differ ...
Joseph Rosamma - - 2011
Background: The relationship between periodontal disease and systemic disease is revealing new and exciting associations. Idiopathic edema presents a clinical syndrome with obscure pathophysiology. The present study investigates whether non-surgical periodontal therapy is beneficial in patients who are not responding to conventional treatment of idiopathic edema. Methods: Thirty patients with ...
Gamal Ahmed Yousef - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate levels of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) during the early stages of healing for sites treated by marginal periosteal pedicle (MPP) graft as an autogenous guided tissue membrane compared to that of the control open flap debridement ...
Iwamoto Tomoyuki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether oral administration of lactobacilli alters the degree of halitosis and clinical conditions associated with halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients with genuine halitosis were given 2.0 x 10(9)Lactobacillus salivarius WB21 and xylitol in tablet form daily. Oral malodor and clinical parameters ...
Tüter Gülay - - 2010
This study evaluates the efficacy of subantimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD) in conjunction with scaling and root planing (SRP) on gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 and -13 and on serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HsCRP) in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). A total of 41 patients ...
Lee Li-Wan - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Traumatic injury usually results in pulp necrosis of immature permanent incisors in children aged 7-10 years. Calcium hydroxide apexification is the most common treatment for necrotic, immature permanent teeth. This study compared the duration for apical barrier formation in necrotic immature permanent incisors treated with calcium hydroxide apexification using ...
McGuire Michael K - - 2010
For root coverage therapy, the connective tissue graft (CTG) plus coronally advanced flap (CAF) is considered the gold standard therapy against which alternative therapies are generally compared. When evaluating these therapies, in addition to traditional measures of root coverage, subject-reported, qualitative measures of esthetics, pain, and overall preferences for alternative ...
Kim Sang-Chul - - 2010
This study compared the total antioxidant status (TAS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the saliva of periodontally compromised patients before and after scaling and root planing (SRP) to assess their diagnostic utility. Severe chronic periodontitis patient (test group) and subjects with no attachment loss, sites showing a 3 mm ...
Dilsiz Alparslan - - 2010
Root surface biomodification has been used to treat gingival recession and periodontitis. The principle for this procedure is that removing the smear layer from the root surfaces exposes collagen fibers, which leads to improved healing. Clinical studies generally have failed to find any improvement in clinical parameters when using such ...
van Gastel Jan - - 2011
The aim of this longitudinal study was to monitor patients' microbiological and clinical parameters from bracket placement up to 3 months post-treatment. Twenty-four patients (10 males and 14 females, aged 14.6 ± 1.0 years) were included in this investigation. Microbiology (sub- and supragingival), periodontal probing depth (PPD), bleeding on probing ...
Poggio Claudio - - 2010
The aim of the present in vitro study was the evaluation of two toothpastes (Sensodyne Pronamel and Biorepair Plus on repairing enamel erosion produced by a soft drink (Coca Cola), using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Fifty extracted human central incisors free of caries were selected and divided in a treatment ...
Solís Carols - - 2011
Background: The goal of this study is to evaluate the degree of staining and clinical efficacy of a chlorhexidine mouthwash with an antidiscoloration system (ADS) versus 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthwash (traditional). Secondary objectives are to evaluate the patient "compliance" factor according to patterns assigned by the clinician and to observe the ...
Sencimen Metin - - 2010
Close proximity of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) to the third molar roots can result in nerve injuries during extraction of third molars. Consequently, it is necessary to determine the relationship of the nerve and roots to avoid damage to the IAN. Computed tomography scans are widely used to determine ...
Corrêa Mônica G - - 2010
Tobacco use is the most significant risk factor of periodontal disease. Clinical evidence has demonstrated that tobacco may negatively influence the results after surgical and non-surgical periodontal therapy. Enamel matrix derivative (EMD) have been used in periodontal regenerative procedures resulting in improvement of clinical parameters. The effect of EMD in ...
Ogihara Shigeki - - 2010
Limited orthodontics are shown to be effective in the correction of infrabony defects. Studies have also demonstrated the efficacy of using enamel matrix derivative (EMD) with demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) to treat infrabony defects. This study aims to compare the clinical efficacy of limited orthodontics combined with EMD/DFDBA in ...
Yek Emine Cifcibasi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of metronidazole-amoxicillin combination on clinical and microbiologic parameters in patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were randomly included. The test group (n = 12) received amoxicillin-metronidazole combination and scaling and root planing; the control group (n = ...
Arun Ramya - - 2010
Epithelial integrity is important for maintenance of periodontal health. It is not fully known if non-surgical periodontal therapy is capable of recreating the epithelial barrier in its functional state. Sixty-five patients (31 males and 34 females) were included in the study. They were divided into group A (healthy gingiva 16 ...
Thakare Kaustubh S - - 2010
Several studies suggested an association between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD). C- reactive protein is elevated in periodontitis patients and has been found to be a predictor of increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Since, CRP is known to play a role in pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the present study was ...
Kshitish Durga - - 2010
The development of periodontal disease has been thought to be associated with several restricted members of the oral anaerobic species, such as black-pigmented Porphyromonas species and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), in the subgingival environment. Apart from bacteria, certain viruses and fungi that are associated with periodontal disease are also present in ...
Zucchelli Giovanni - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A method to predetermine the maximum root coverage level (MRC) achievable with surgery was recently presented. The present study evaluates the predictability of such a method by comparing the predetermined MRC with that effectively achieved by means of root coverage surgical procedures. METHODS: A total of 50 patients with ...
Basso Michael Frederico Manzolli - - 2010
This clinical study evaluated the effect of two microwave disinfection protocols at 650 W for 3 minutes (group 1, once a week; group 2, three times a week) on the linear dimensional stability of complete dentures. Measurements were taken across four reference points: before the first microwave disinfection (baseline) and ...
Sigusch Bernd W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to clinically and microbiologically evaluate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a full-mouth procedure in Fusobacterium nucleatum-infected patients with periodontitis. METHODS: In the present study, PDT is administered adjuvantly after scaling and root planing (SRP) to patients with localized chronic periodontitis (LCP). ...
Srinivasan Murali - - 2010
Patients with complete dentures more occasionally neglect their denture and oral health by improper maintenance of dentures, resulting in bad oral and denture hygiene. This may lead to a host of multiple local and systemic problems such as stomatitis, bacterial and fungal infections, reservoirs for distant infections, denture stains and ...
Tsubura Shuichi - - 2010
Nightguard vital bleaching (NGVB) has been applied as a safe and effective bleaching procedure with a wide variety of commercial products consisting of carbamide peroxide-based gels, but there have been few reports on tooth bleaching for tetracycline-stained teeth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bleaching effects on ...
Paolantonio Michele - - 2010
This randomized clinical trial compares the outcomes of combination treatment by autogenous periosteal membranes and bone graft versus guided tissue regeneration (GTR) with collagen membranes or open-flap debridement (OFD) only in the treatment of intraosseous defects. Forty-two patients affected by moderate to severe chronic periodontitis were enrolled. Each patient had ...
Andrade Patrícia F - - 2010
The aim of this study is to compare the macro- and microsurgery techniques for root coverage using a coronally positioned flap (CPF) associated with enamel matrix derivative (EMD). Thirty patients were selected for the treatment of localized gingival recessions (GRs) using CPF associated to EMD. Fifteen patients were randomly assigned ...
Zmener Osvaldo - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective clinical and radiographic study evaluated the 8-year outcome of one-visit endodontic treatment of root canals filled with gutta-percha and a methacrylate resin-based sealer (EndoREZ). METHODS: From an initial sample size of 180 patients, subsequently 145 and 120 patients were evaluated after 14-18 months and 5 years, respectively. ...
Zucchelli Giovanni - - 2010
AIMS: The aim of this randomized-controlled clinical trial was to compare the patient morbidity and root coverage outcomes of a coronally advanced flap (CAF) with connective tissue (CTG) or de-epithelialized gingival (DGG) grafts. METHODS: Fifty patients with one recession each were treated. In the control group, the CTG was harvested ...
Morozumi Toshiya - - 2010
Transient bacteremia frequently occur secondary to several periodontal procedures. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effects of irrigation with an essential oil-containing antiseptic (EO) and oral administration of azithromycin (AZM) on bacteremia caused by scaling and root planing (SRP). Thirty patients with chronic periodontitis were randomly ...
El-Sharkawy Hesham - - 2010
Host modulatory therapy has been proposed as a treatment for periodontal diseases. Omega-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), were shown to have therapeutic anti-inflammatory and protective actions in inflammatory diseases including periodontitis. The goal of this study was to test an innovative ...
Kelbauskiene Solveiga - - 2011
In 30 patients with periodontitis, a total of 278 teeth exhibiting bleeding on probing, subgingival calculus, and a probing depth between 3-6 mm were examined. For each participant, two treatment types were alternatively applied on the contralateral quadrants: scaling and root planing (SRP) as control, and SRP followed by Er,Cr:YSGG laser ...
Gómez Clara - - 2011
In recent years, the use of laser radiation has been investigated as an alternative or adjunctive tool to conventional procedures employed in the treatment of periodontal disease. Various beneficial characteristics of Nd:YAG laser radiation, such as hemostatic and bactericidal effects, might lead to improved treatment outcomes. The objective of the ...
Uludamar Altay - - 2011
This study evaluated. the effect of mouthrinses and tissue conditioner on the clinical findings and microbial flora of 60 patients with Newton's type II denture stomatitis (N2DS) BACKGROUND: Denture stomatitis is a common problem in complete denture wearers. Sixty patients with N2DS were included in this study and divided into ...
Lynch C D - - 2010
AIM: Emergency pulpectomy is frequently performed to relieve pain experienced by patients following acute episodes of endodontic pain, or to limit the risks of infection or possible root resorption following traumatic pulpal exposures. The aim of this study was to examine subsequent patient attendance for completion of root canal treatment ...
Yilmaz Selcuc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There are still limited data on the outcomes of regenerative periodontal surgery using a combination of an enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD) and autogenous bone (AB). AIM: To evaluate the healing of deep intrabony defects treated with either a combination EMD+AB or EMD alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients ...
Nickles Katrin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study clinically evaluates the 10-year results of connective tissue graft (CTG) and guided tissue regeneration (GTR) therapies using bioabsorbable barriers for root coverage (i.e., the reduction of recession depth). METHODS: In 15 patients, 38 Miller Class I and II recessions were treated. Recession defects received a CTG or ...
Al Ibrahim N S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The concept of constant and low levels of F intra-orally has been applied in dentistry using a controlled release delivery system in different forms of slow-release F intra-oral devices. AIM: To investigate the effect of newly shaped plastic brackets on the level of fluoride released by the devices in ...
Bakal-Weiss Meytal - - 2010
Oral necrobacillosis or lumpy jaw is a common cause of morbidity and mortality affecting captive macropods. This article describes several cases of a new treatment regimen using a sustained release chlorhexidine varnish applied locally to the teeth and the gingivae of two Macropus species, eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus gigantus) from ...
Deppe Herbert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Maternal periodontitis has been suggested as an important risk factor for preterm low birth weight. The aim of the present observational study was to assess whether full-mouth therapy of periodontitis in pregnant women reduces the risk of preterm low birth weight. METHOD AND MATERIALS: From April 2006 to April ...
Dilsiz Alparslan - - 2010
Root surface biomodification has been used to treat gingival recession and periodontitis. The principle for this procedure is that removing the smear layer from the root surfaces exposes collagen fibers, which leads to improved healing. Clinical studies generally have failed to find any improvement in clinical parameters when using such ...
Dias Guilherme G GG Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2010
The aim of this study was to verify the efficacy of a programme for dental plaque control in autistics. Patients were evaluated on five occasions over a period of 180 days using the following instruments: OHI-S, DMF-T, the Fonnes brushing technique and diet questionnaire. Participants were divided into two groups ...
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