Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1573
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Demling A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To perform a preliminary study of the short-term effect of fixed, customized lingual orthodontic appliances on periodontal and microbial parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 20 subjects (6 males and 14 females) with a mean age of 22.3 years +/- 8.6 years. Before (T(0)) and 4 weeks after ...
Nakornchai Siriruk - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic success of 3Mix and Vitapex((R)) for root canal treatment of pulpally involved primary molars. METHODS: Fifty teeth from 37 healthy children aged 3-8 years with pulpally involved primary molars needing root canal procedures were treated with 3Mix ...
Leininger Matthieu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical predictive value of the periodontal risk assessment diagram surface (PRAS) score and the influence of patient compliance on the treatment outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty subjects suffering from periodontitis were re-examined 6-12 years after the initial diagnosis and ...
Kandaswamy D - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the antimicrobial activity of 2% chlorhexidine gel, propolis, Morinda citrifolia juice (MCJ), 2% povidone Iodine (POV-I), and calcium hydroxide on Enterococcus faecalis-infected root canal dentine at two different depths (200 microm and 400 microm) and three time intervals (day 1, 3 & 5). METHODOLOGY: One hundred and ...
Silva Cléverson O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This prospective clinical study aims to evaluate the influence of cigarette smoking on free gingival graft (FGG) healing, by assessing FGG dimensional changes and donor-site wound healing. METHODS: Twelve non-smokers and 10 smokers treatment planned for FGG to augment keratinized tissue dimensions in the mandibular incisor area completed the ...
Torres Sérgio Aparecido - - 2010
The aim of this study was to analyze the periodontal parameters of patients with chronic renal failure. The periodontal status of 16 Brazilian patients aged 29 to 53 (41.7 ± 7.2) years with chronic renal failure (CRF) and another matched group of 14 healthy controls with periodontitis was assessed clinically ...
Sarno Giovanna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In the ABSORB study cohort A the changes in the amount of dense calcium and necrotic core have not been reported in comparison to the prestenting phase; this evaluation could be useful to better clarify the bioabsorption process. Aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the dynamic changes ...
Lopes Beatriz Maria Valério - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study compared erbium-doped: yttrium, aluminum, and garnet (Er:YAG) laser irradiation (100 mJ/pulse; 10 Hz; 12.9 J/cm(2)) with or without conventional scaling and root planing (SRP) to SRP only for treatment of periodontal pockets. METHODS: Nineteen patients with pockets from 5 to 9 mm were included. In a split-mouth ...
Uludamar Altay - - 2010
Effective cleaning of dentures is important for the maintenance of good oral hygiene for denture stomatitis patients. The in vivo efficacy of three different brands of alkaline peroxide tablets (Polident, Efferdent, and Fittydent) and two mouthwashes (CloSYS II and Corsodyl) to eliminate Candida albicans on dentures was evaluated in this ...
Draper David O - - 2010
ABSTRACT Many trigger point therapies, such as deep pressure massage and injection, are painful. Thermal ultrasound might be a comfortable procedure used to soften trigger points. Our objective was to compare thermal ultrasound with sham ultrasound in the ability to soften trigger points with pretest/posttest repeated-measures design for depth of ...
Loguercio Alessandro D - - 2011
The aim of this clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of application mode on the clinical performance of a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive in class V cavities over 24 months. Forty patients with at least three similar-sized non-carious cervical lesions participated in this study. A total of 120 restorations with Prime ...
Schmitz Márcia S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Dens invaginatus is a critical condition for endodontic treatment once it frequently presents a complex internal anatomy and might be associated with incomplete root and apical development. METHODS: Three cases of dens invaginatus with open apex in maxillary lateral incisors are presented. In the first case, apexification with calcium ...
Setzer Frank C - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate apical transportation of 2 rotary file systems and 2 hybrid rotary instrumentation sequences. METHODS: One hundred twenty-four mesiobuccal canals of extracted molars were instrumented by 4 nickel-titanium rotary sequences. Group PF (n = 32) was instrumented with ProFile Series 29 to ...
Gupta M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare 2% sodium fluoride (NaF) iontophoresis with other cavity liners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in 30 patients in the age group 10-14 years with bilateral carious permanent first molars. The study evaluated the use of 2% NaF iontophoresis as a ...
Buchmann Rainer - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the short-term effects of nonsurgical therapy (scaling and root planing, SRP) on the subgingival microbiota in chronic (CP) and aggressive (AP) periodontal disease. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Ninety-seven CP and AP subjects underwent full-mouth SRP on 2 consecutive days. AP patients were randomly assigned to either receive systemic ...
Jhaveri Hiral M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: One of the most common esthetic concerns associated with periodontal tissues is gingival recession. There are multiple periodontal plastic surgery approaches documented in the literature for the treatment of such defects. With the tremendous advances being made in periodontal science and technology, tissue engineering could be considered among the ...
Chambrone Leandro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness of different root-coverage procedures in the treatment of recession-type defects. METHODS: The Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were searched for entries up to October 2008. There were no restrictions ...
Groome Lynn J - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: We present a conceptual framework for approaching reducing excessive patient wait time in an outpatient setting. We hypothesized that statistical process control techniques can be used to identify extremes in waiting time; root cause analysis can be used to identify specific delay causes; and minimizing the contribution of the ...
Santana Ronaldo B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several procedures have been reported for the surgical correction of gingival recession (GR), including the laterally positioned flap (LPF) and the coronally advanced flap (CAF), performed as single- or two-stage procedures without or with, respectively, the preceding placement and healing of a free gingival graft. The objective of the ...
Yilmaz Y - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate fissure sealants based on Bis-GMA [Fissurit F (FF) and Fissurit FX (FFX)], compomer [Dyract Seal (DS)] and ormocer [Admira Seal (AS)] with respect to retention, marginal integrity and presence of caries after a 2-year period of follow-up. METHODS: 80 children aged 7-13 years (mean age: 9.4 + ...
Shirakata Yoshinori - - 2010
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) candidate treatment on periodontal healing in two-wall intrabony defects in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-wall intrabony defects (5 x 5 x 5 mm) were created surgically on the distal and mesial ...
Chandra Saurabh S - - 2010
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the efficacy of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), and 17% EDTA as a final irrigant with and without the inclusion of an antifungal agent (1% clotrimazole) on Candida albicans. Sixty-five single-rooted instrumented and inoculated with a suspension ...
Goto Fumiyki - - 2010
Sho-saiko-to-ka-kikyo-sekko (TJ-109) is composed of 9 herbs (gypsum, Bupleurum root, Pinellia tuber, Scutellaria root, Platycodon root, jujube fruit, ginseng root, Glycyrrhiza root, and ginger rhizome). It is a folk medicine that has been used to treat pharyngitis or acute tonsillitis. The efficacy of TJ-109 for treating patients with chronic tonsillitis ...
Fujimoto Nobukazu - - 2010
PURPOSE: The asbestos-related problems caused much social concern; however, no large-scale study was conducted about clinical features of MM in Japan. Patients with MM who have a history of occupational asbestos exposure (AE) are provided worker's compensation in Japan. However, only about 10% of MM cases were actually claimed and ...
Casarin Renato Corr?a Viana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Mechanical instrumentation is fundamental to periodontal treatment. However, independent of the instrument used in scaling, an immediate attachment loss occurs at the bottom of the periodontal pocket. This study aimed to determine the influence of tip diameter on attachment loss and the influence of attachment loss on the periodontal ...
Borges Alessandra Bühler - - 2010
This study evaluated the influence of bleaching gel pH, the effect of applying remineralizing gels after bleaching and the effect of artificial saliva on enamel microhardness. Seventy bovine incisors were divided into three groups: Group 1 (n=10) received no bleaching procedure (control); Group 2 was bleached with a 35% hydrogen ...
Bhuva B - - 2010
AIM: To compare the efficacy of passive ultrasonic irrigation with 1% sodium hypochlorite, with that of conventional syringe irrigation with 1% sodium hypochlorite, on intraradicular Enterococcus faecalis biofilms in extracted single-rooted human teeth. METHODOLOGY: Biofilms of E. faecalis (strain OMGS 3202) were grown on the prepared root canal walls of ...
Nogueira-Filho Getulio R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of severe cases of chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 20 patients diagnosed with severe generalized chronic periodontitis (pockets>7mm) with bleeding on probing, SRP was rendered in all ...
Romanos Georgios E - - 2010
In recent years, the combination of laser light and photosensitizer known as photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been used in periodontal therapy. However, there are not enough clinical studies to fully evaluate the effects of PDT on the periodontal tissues. This microbiological study examined the effects of PDT on the periodontal ...
Marques Leandro Silva - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Our aims in this study were to assess the prevalence of severe root resorption and identify possible associations in orthodontic patients treated with the edgewise method. METHODS: The sample included 1049 patients who had periapical radiographs taken for all incisors before and after treatment. The radiographs were examined by ...
Thorat Manojkumar S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The initial study has reported the increased level of oncostatin M (OSM) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of chronic periodontitis patients, and no study has reported its level in gingivitis patients. Therefore, the present study has been carried out to measure the level of OSM in gingival crevicular fluid ...
Jansen M D - - 2010
A cohort study was initiated in the spring of 2006 to investigate epidemiological aspects and pathogenesis of salmonid alphavirus (SAV) subtype 3 infections and pancreas disease (PD). The aims were to assess involvement of the freshwater production phase, the extent and frequency of subclinical infections and to follow PD-affected populations ...
Stewart Jeffrey T - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of endodontic file distortion and breakage when the Liberator (Miltex Inc, York, PA), EndoSequence (Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA), and ProFile (Tulsa Dental Products, Tulsa, OK) systems were used to instrument severely curved root canals of extracted human molars. METHODS: ...
Casagrande Luciano - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of indirect pulp treatment (IPT) in primary molars after long-term function (up to 60 months). METHODS: Teeth with deep carious lesions without signs and symptoms of irreversible pulpitis were divided by random allocation into two groups, according to the capping material utilized over ...
Stratul S-I - - 2010
Scaling and root planing are the causal procedure in the treatment of periodontitis. Many attempts have been made to improve the outcome. The aim of this study was to verify the influence of the extended use of chlorhexidine after one-stage full-mouth (FM) SRP in patients with chronic periodontitis on the ...
Pradeep Avani R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that results in bone resorption creating bony defects, which may cause tooth loss. Various drugs have been studied using local delivery to improve the periodontal health and to achieve periodontal regeneration. Simvastatin (SMV) is a specific competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase. The ...
Stavropoulos Andreas - - 2010
To present the 6-year results of a randomized-controlled clinical trial evaluating guided tissue regeneration (GTR) combined with or without deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) in intrabony defects. In each of 45 patients, one defect was treated with GTR combined with DBBM hydrated in saline (DBBM-) or gentamicin sulphate (DBBM+) or ...
Chambrone Daniella - - 2010
To evaluate a comparison of open-flap debridement (OFD) with or without the use of enamel matrix proteins (EMP) for the treatment of infrabony defects. Ten volunteers (38 infrabony defects) were randomized to receive OFD+EMP (test site) and OFD (control site). Clinical outcomes included mean changes in Plaque Index, Gingival Index, ...
Pejcic Ana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to analyze the effects of low level laser irradiation treatment and conservative treatment on gingival inflammation. BACKGROUND: It is widely accepted today that the primary etiological factor for the onset of periodontitis is dental plaque, although the exact mechanism of damage remains unknown. ...
Liu Kaining - - 2010
BACKGROUND: 25-hydroxy vitamin D(3) is the major circulating metabolite of vitamin D. Elevated plasma 25-hydroxy vitamin D(3) levels were verified to be associated with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP). In the present study, the influence of initial periodontal therapy on systemic and local levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D(3) and three related ...
Shin Dong-Seok - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to observe and quantify the expression of interleukin-4 (IL-4), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) in the gingival tissue of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and healthy adults with chronic periodontitis. Twelve patients with type 2 DM and chronic ...
Fleming Chris H - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Many recent technological advancements have been made in the field of endodontics; however, comparatively few studies have evaluated their impact on tooth survival. This study compared the survival rates of endodontic treatment performed by using classic techniques (eg, instrumentation with stainless steel hand files, alternating 5.25% NaOCl and 3% ...
Koyama Shigeto - - 2010
The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate factors that affected the continuing use of RPDs and the patients' satisfaction 5 years after delivery. Sixty-seven patients treated with 90 RPDs delivered at the Tohoku University Hospital (Sendai, Japan) between 1996 and 2001 participated in this study. The patients were ...
Babu Ramesh - - 2010
To document the change in anterio-posterior pelvic diameter (APPD), cortical thickness (CT) and pelvis/cortex ratio (P/C ratio) following pyeloplasty, and determine the usefulness of each of these parameters in assessing postoperative outcome. Twenty-four children with unilateral pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction who underwent standard dismembered pyeloplasty with stent were prospectively studied (median ...
Aspriello Simone Domenico - - 2011
The aim of this randomized double-blind, clinical trial was to compare the use of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) and demineralised freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBA) with DFDBA alone for the treatment of human periodontal intrabony defects at 12 months post-surgery. Fifty-six intrabony osseous defects in 56 periodontis patients were randomly assigned to ...
Matthews Debora - - 2010
Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), OpenSIGLE (System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe) and reference lists of identified studies. Study Selection Cohort studies, case-control studies and case series limited to patients with periodontitis who underwent active periodontal treatment (APT) and followed a maintenance care programme ...
Wegehaupt Florian J - - 2010
To investigate the effect of various fluoride compounds and casein phosphopeptide/amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) on the reduction of erosive/abrasive tooth wear. Forty enamel samples were prepared from bovine lower incisors, stratified and allocated to 4 groups (1-4). Samples in group 1 remained untreated and served as negative controls. The test ...
Miles Jeffrey P - - 2010
The current study estimated pulpal vitality after MTA pulp caps were performed by undergraduate student clinicians. At recall after 12 to 27 months, 51 pulp caps were clinically and radiographically assessed. Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to estimate overall success at 12 and 24 months, determined as the presence of a ...
Aminabadi Naser Asl - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the premedicated direct pulp capping using formocresol (PDC) versus conventional direct pulp capping using calcium hydroxide (CDC) in human carious primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 120 vital primary molars with pinpoint exposure during caries removal in 84 patients aged 4-5 years were ...
Cionca Norbert - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that use of systemic antibiotics should be limited to patients with specific microbiologic profiles. The main purpose of the present analysis was to study whether microbiologic testing before therapy was of value in predicting which patients would specifically benefit from adjunctive amoxicillin and metronidazole, given ...
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