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Results 151 - 200 of 1649
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Hwang Jinyoung - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of retrograde autologous priming (RAP) of the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit on cerebral oxygenation. DESIGN:: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING:: A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS:: Ninety-four patients undergoing CPB. INTERVENTIONS:: CPB was primed with a RAP technique in the RAP ...
Zhang Caojin - - 2011
Aim: To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of the Spider™ patent foramen ovale (PFO) occluder for the treatment of PFOs in an animal model. Method: The foramen ovale was punctured to establish an animal model of a PFO. Under fluoroscopic guidance, the PFO was occluded with the Spider PFO ...
Rodríguez-Leor Oriol - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In primary angioplasty, the interval between first medical contact (FMC) and reperfusion should be less than 120minutes. The time to reperfusion varies depending on where FMC is established. Recent studies suggest longer times in patients presenting in off-hours. The objective is to evaluate the time intervals between ...
Schöffl Volker - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Shoulder problems, especially SLAP (superior labral anterior-posterior) lesions, are frequent in rock climbers. Although various SLAP repair methods demonstrate 75% to 97% good functional outcomes in general population, the results in overhead athletes are inconsistent and the question whether a primary tenodesis is more efficient arises. DESIGN:: Prospective cohort ...
Le Duff Michel J - - 2011
The evolution of patient sporting activities after hip resurfacing has not yet been studied. A scoring algorithm to quantify sporting activity was developed to compare type of activity, frequency, duration, and overall activity level in the early postoperative period and at mid- to long-term follow-up. Quantification of sporting activity is a ...
Urabe Y - - 2011
Background Many athletes have foot deformity of hallux-valgus. These deformities lead to decrease of foot function and sports performance. The authors were developed a new device for decrease the angle of hallux-valgus. This device was socks and in use underwear in sports activity and daily living. Objective The purpose of ...
Ardern Clare L - - 2011
Background An athlete's intention to return to sport following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a major indication for surgical intervention. Purpose The purpose of this review was to determine postoperative return-to-sport outcomes after ACL reconstruction surgery. Study design Meta-analysis and systematic review Methods Electronic databases including Medline, Embase, SPORTDiscus ...
Golant Alexander - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Shoulder arthroplasty has become more prevalent, and patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty are becoming more active. Recommendations for return to athletic activity have not recently been updated and do not consider the newest arthroplasty options. METHODS: A survey was distributed to 310 members of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, ...
Cummins Justin S - - 2011
We studied National Trauma Data Bank data to determine the effectiveness of car safety devices in reducing mortality and injury severity in 184,992 patients between 1988 and 2004. Safety device variables were seat belt used plus air bag deployed; only seat belt used; only air bag deployed; and, as explicitly ...
Koca Kenan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on oxidative stress resulting from tourniquet-induced ischemia-reperfusion (IR) period in arthroscopic knee surgery. Forty-five patients who had arthroscopic knee surgery for meniscal and chondral lesions and for pathologic medial plica were included in ...
Delise Pietro - - 2011
Frequent ventricular premature beats (VPBs) may be discovered during preparticipation screening in asymptomatic apparently healthy athletes. Some authors hypothesize that they may be a manifestation of 'athlete's heart' and suggest a deconditioning period, which should document a regression of arrhythmias, to exclude a concealed disease. To test this hypothesis, we ...
Ansari Saeed - - 2011
In recent years, endovascular self-expanding stents have become a viable option for neurointerventionalists treating acute ischemic stroke. Timely intervention for stroke could mean the difference between complete recovery and significant morbidity or death. Since 2006, a handful of clinical trials have demonstrated the potential of self-expanding stents in dependably achieving ...
Limtungturakul Sarawut - - 2011
We assessed the efficacy and safety of catheter directed thrombolysis in the patients with acute limb ischemia who have been treated with catheter directed thrombolysis. From the ACC/AHA 2005 Practice Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease, Catheter-based thrombolysis is an effective and beneficial therapy and is ...
Namdari Surena - - 2011
Purpose: Females are at greater risk than males for sustaining an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. Performance outcomes and attrition rates associated with ACL injury and reconstruction in Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) athletes are unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare athletes who underwent ACL reconstruction with ...
Genovese Eugenio - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare morphological, power Doppler, and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features of the Achilles tendon between asymptomatic athletes and athletes who had undergone surgical repair of a previous rupture. METHODS: Twenty-four athletes were divided in two groups (A and B). Group A included 14 patients with a median age of ...
Hsu Wellington K - - 2011
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although clinical outcomes after lumbar disc herniations (LDHs) in the general population have been well studied, those in elite professional athletes have not. Because these athletes have different measures of success, studies on long-term outcomes in this patient population are necessary. PURPOSE: This study seeks to define the ...
Ricotti Leonardo - - 2011
Static balance in young athletes is an important ability that has a relevant influence on their present and future sport performances, as well as on the reduction in risk of injury. The present study reports data collected on three homogeneous groups of 9 years-old athletes (n=10 for each group), whose ...
Pradeep A R - - 2011
Background: A large amount of calculus may hamper the efficacy of daily oral hygiene and thereby accelerate plaque formation. Salivary concentrations of orthophosphate and pyrophosphate are important in preventing calculus formation. Activity of orthophosphate, pyrophosphate, and pyrophosphatase was studied in whole saliva in calculus-forming groups and plaque-forming groups. Methods: The ...
Kean Crystal O - - 2011
Prospective cohort with historical controls. To examine the effects of a 12-week preoperative high-intensity resistance training program on postoperative outcomes. The primary goals of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) are to decrease pain and improve overall function during activities of daily living and participation in sport and recreation in relatively young, ...
Golukhova Elena Z - - 2011
Cardiac surgery is commonly associated with brain ischemia. Few studies addressed brain electric activity changes after on-pump operations. Eyes closed EEG was performed in 22 patients (mean age: 45.2 ± 11.2) before and two weeks after valve replacement. Spouses of patients were invited to participate as controls. Generalized increase of ...
Hennings Leah J - - 2011
Duration and extent of penumbra determine the window and brain volume in which interventions may save injured tissue after stroke. Understanding the penumbra in animals is necessary in order to design models that translate to effective clinical therapies. New Zealand white rabbits were embolized with aged autologous clot (n = ...
Fujita Keishi - - 2011
Progressive stroke is a serious problem due to the associated morbidity and mortality. Aspirin is recommended for acute ischemic stroke, but does not reduce the frequency of stroke progression. No standard treatment has been approved for the prevention of stroke progression. Cilostazol, which reduces platelet aggregation about 3 hours after ...
Brevoord Daniel - - 2011
Pre- and postconditioning describe mechanisms whereby short ischemic periods protect an organ against a longer period of ischemia. Interestingly, short ischemic periods of a limb, in itself harmless, may increase the ischemia tolerance of remote organs, e.g. the heart (remote conditioning, RC). Although several studies have shown reduced biomarker release ...
Castanares-Zapatero Diego - - 2011
Subarachnoid hemorrhage after the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm is the cause of 6% to 8% of all cerebrovascular accidents involving 10 of 100,000 people each year. Despite effective treatment of the aneurysm, delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is observed in 30% of patients, with a peak on the tenth day, ...
Kanamaru Kenji - - 2011
It is considered controversial whether superficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass affects the outcome of patients with ischemic stroke. This prospective study was undertaken to demonstrate the effect of STA-MCA bypass on the cerebral blood flow and neurological status of the patients with ischemic stroke. Seventy-five patients underwent ...
Wu Qingping - - 2011
Whether limb ischemic preconditioning (LIPC) is beneficial for patients undergoing mitral valve replacement (MVR) surgery is unknown. Seventy-five adult patients undergoing MVR surgery were randomly assigned to 3 groups: control group (n=25), LIPC group I (3 × 5-min cycles of right upper arm ischemia and 5-min reperfusion; n=25) and LIPC ...
Kwon Hyeok Gyu - - 2011
The arcuate fasciculus (AF) is the neural tract that connects Wernicke's area and Broca's area. The main role of the AF is speech repetition; therefore, injury to the AF typically causes conduction aphasia. We report on a patient who showed excellent recovery of aphasia despite complete injury of the AF ...
Desai Mital - - 2011
Despite advances in perioperative care, elective major vascular surgical procedures carry a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Remote ischaemic preconditioning is initiated by brief, non-lethal periods of ischaemia in a vascular bed different from the one which will be subjected to ischaemic insult during surgery. It has the potential ...
Lee Song Joo SJ Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL60611, USA. - - 2011
The goal of this study was to use an offaxis robotic elliptical trainer to improve off-axis neuromuscular control in people with knee injuries. Thirteen individuals with knee injuries participated in the study. Among them, 8 individuals participated in 18 sessions of pivoting offaxis intensity-adjustable neuromuscular control training (POINT) (3 sessions/week ...
Majdan Marek M Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Department of Public Health, Trnava University, Hornopotocna 23, Trnava, Slovakia. - - 2011
Most epidemiological studies and reports have reached a consensus on the leading causes of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite the fact that the area of TBI is relatively well studied, reports on differences in severity and outcome of TBI with different causes are lacking. This paper analyses the differences in ...
Cengiz Sahika Liva SL Neurosurgery Department, Selcuk University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, 42080 Turkey. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) prevents cerebral vasospasm in rabbits with induced subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). The effect of IVIG on apoptosis in the endothelial cells of the basilar artery was also evaluated. Eighteen New Zealand white rabbits were allocated randomly into three groups. ...
Zampieri Nicola - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of physical activity on the evolution of subclinical varicocele because subclinical and clinical varicoceles are common in adolescents. METHODS: The study enrolled healthy male volunteers (athletes and nonathletes) and athletes with subclinical varicocele from October 2006 to March 2007. A fourth group of nonathletes with ...
Muffly Tyler M - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to determine the optimal number of throws to ensure knot security. Knots were tied with 3, 4, 5, or 6 square throws with 0-gauge coated polyester, polydioxanone, polypropylene, and polyglactin 910. The suture was soaked in 0.9% sodium chloride and subsequently transferred to a ...
Bello Marcel - - 2011
Indoor soccer is a sport that exposes the athletes to muscle and joint lesions. The effect of rhythmic stabilization (RS) technique to prevent these kinds of lesions in indoor soccer athletes is largely unknown and its use in athletes is controversial. Nevertheless, empiric evidence suggests that RS might be effective ...
Naal Florian D - - 2011
Midterm outcome studies show that symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can be successfully treated by addressing the underlying pathomorphology with open or arthroscopic surgery. Although athletes may be vulnerable to hip injury from impingement, limited information is available regarding the results of open surgery in this group. High-level athletes with FAI ...
Sun Wei-Lian - - 2010
To determine serum adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), TNF-α and IL-6 levels in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with periodontitis before and after periodontal intervention, and to investigate the relationship between T2DM and periodontitis. A total of 50 IGT and 106 T2DM patients with periodontitis ...
Roh M R - - 2010
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare soft-tissue tumour with a high local recurrence rate. Recent reports indicate more favourable cure rates with Mohs' micrographic surgery (MMS). To investigate the beneficial use of MMS for DFSP in a single institution in Korea. A retrospective review was performed of pertinent demographic data, ...
Balaji S M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the lip and occlusal cant changes in hemifacial microsomia (HFM) cases after simultaneous maxilla and mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the mandible. Retrospective analysis of all HFM cases at Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital were performed. Patient of either gender with all ...
Nyland John - - 2011
Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common disabling medical conditions. With longer life expectancy the number of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures being performed worldwide is projected to increase dramatically. Patient education, physical activity, bodyweight levels, expectations and goals regarding the ability to continue athletic activity participation are also ...
Ardern Clare L - - 2011
An athlete's desire to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a major indication for ACL reconstruction surgery. Typical clearance to return is 6 to 12 months postoperatively. To investigate the return-to-sport rate and participation level of a large cohort at 12 months after ACL reconstruction surgery. ...
Griffiths Gareth S - - 2011
Previously, we showed that systemic metronidazole and amoxicillin significantly improved the outcomes of non-surgical debridement in generalized aggressive periodontitis patients. This study aimed to observe whether re-treatment with adjunctive antimicrobials would give the placebo group benefits comparable with the test group. Thirty-eight of 41 subjects, from the initial 6-month trial, ...
Ribeiro Fernanda V - - 2011
Background: This study investigates the impact of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) proteins on the outcome of a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) for the treatment of intrabony defects. Methods: Thirty patients who presented with intrabony defects were randomly assigned to treatment with: 1) MIST plus EMD or 2) MIST alone. ...
Montaldo L - - 2010
To assess oral status in a sample of Type 2 diabetic patients before and after therapy with saliva substitutes and oral status in a control group of diabetic patients who were not given saliva substitutes. Salivary flow rate was determined in 134 patients (mean age 47.9 ± 2.9 years) with ...
Villalpando Karina Teixeira - - 2010
The aim of this double-blind study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the association of triclosan-containing mouthrinse and dentifrice on biofilm and gingivitis reduction. Forty patients with a diagnosis of gingivitis were selected and randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): group TT-triclosan-containing mouthrinse and triclosan-containing dentifrice; group ...
Perozini Caroline - - 2010
To evaluate the levels of interleukin-1b (IL-1b) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and correlate these measurements with clinical characteristics of healthy patients and patients with gingivitis and periodontitis. Thirty-six individuals were subdivided into three groups of 12: control, gingivitis, and periodontitis groups. GCF samples were obtained ...
Giachetti Luca - - 2010
The aim of this split-mouth, randomized controlled trial was to compare the whitening results of at-home and in-office tooth bleaching techniques and the longevity of their effects at nine months after teeth had been bleached. The authors conducted a study involving a 14-day bleaching period, during which the first maxillary ...
De Lucena S C - - 2011
Summary  The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between patients' and dentist's assessment of dentures and to correlate these variables with objective measures of masticatory function. A sample of 28 edentulous individuals was selected, all wearing both complete dentures for at least 6 months and with no signs ...
Dicus Carolyn - - 2010
To assess the prevalence of periodontal inflammatory disease on the distal side of second molars after third molar removal and the association between presurgical and surgical variables and postsurgical periodontal outcomes. Data before and after surgery from 2 studies approved by an institutional review board were used. In 1 study, ...
Williams Geraint P - - 2011
Documentation of conjunctival forniceal foreshortening in cases of progressive cicatrising conjunctivitis (PCC) is important in ascertaining disease stage and progression. Lower fornix shortening is often documented subjectively or semi-objectively, whereas upper forniceal obliteration is seldom quantified. Although tools such as fornix depth measurers (FDMs) have been described, their designs limit ...
Caviedes-Bucheli Javier - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of three different rotary root canal preparation systems on substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide expression in healthy human periodontal ligament. Fifty periodontal ligament samples were obtained from healthy premolars in which extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons. Before extraction, ...
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