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Nyland John - - 2011
Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common disabling medical conditions. With longer life expectancy the number of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures being performed worldwide is projected to increase dramatically. Patient education, physical activity, bodyweight levels, expectations and goals regarding the ability to continue athletic activity participation are also ...
Ardern Clare L - - 2011
An athlete's desire to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a major indication for ACL reconstruction surgery. Typical clearance to return is 6 to 12 months postoperatively. To investigate the return-to-sport rate and participation level of a large cohort at 12 months after ACL reconstruction surgery. ...
Griffiths Gareth S - - 2011
Previously, we showed that systemic metronidazole and amoxicillin significantly improved the outcomes of non-surgical debridement in generalized aggressive periodontitis patients. This study aimed to observe whether re-treatment with adjunctive antimicrobials would give the placebo group benefits comparable with the test group. Thirty-eight of 41 subjects, from the initial 6-month trial, ...
Ribeiro Fernanda V - - 2011
Background: This study investigates the impact of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) proteins on the outcome of a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) for the treatment of intrabony defects. Methods: Thirty patients who presented with intrabony defects were randomly assigned to treatment with: 1) MIST plus EMD or 2) MIST alone. ...
Montaldo L - - 2010
To assess oral status in a sample of Type 2 diabetic patients before and after therapy with saliva substitutes and oral status in a control group of diabetic patients who were not given saliva substitutes. Salivary flow rate was determined in 134 patients (mean age 47.9 ± 2.9 years) with ...
Villalpando Karina Teixeira - - 2010
The aim of this double-blind study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the association of triclosan-containing mouthrinse and dentifrice on biofilm and gingivitis reduction. Forty patients with a diagnosis of gingivitis were selected and randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): group TT-triclosan-containing mouthrinse and triclosan-containing dentifrice; group ...
Perozini Caroline - - 2010
To evaluate the levels of interleukin-1b (IL-1b) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and correlate these measurements with clinical characteristics of healthy patients and patients with gingivitis and periodontitis. Thirty-six individuals were subdivided into three groups of 12: control, gingivitis, and periodontitis groups. GCF samples were obtained ...
Giachetti Luca - - 2010
The aim of this split-mouth, randomized controlled trial was to compare the whitening results of at-home and in-office tooth bleaching techniques and the longevity of their effects at nine months after teeth had been bleached. The authors conducted a study involving a 14-day bleaching period, during which the first maxillary ...
De Lucena S C - - 2011
Summary  The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between patients' and dentist's assessment of dentures and to correlate these variables with objective measures of masticatory function. A sample of 28 edentulous individuals was selected, all wearing both complete dentures for at least 6 months and with no signs ...
Dicus Carolyn - - 2010
To assess the prevalence of periodontal inflammatory disease on the distal side of second molars after third molar removal and the association between presurgical and surgical variables and postsurgical periodontal outcomes. Data before and after surgery from 2 studies approved by an institutional review board were used. In 1 study, ...
Williams Geraint P - - 2011
Documentation of conjunctival forniceal foreshortening in cases of progressive cicatrising conjunctivitis (PCC) is important in ascertaining disease stage and progression. Lower fornix shortening is often documented subjectively or semi-objectively, whereas upper forniceal obliteration is seldom quantified. Although tools such as fornix depth measurers (FDMs) have been described, their designs limit ...
Caviedes-Bucheli Javier - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of three different rotary root canal preparation systems on substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide expression in healthy human periodontal ligament. Fifty periodontal ligament samples were obtained from healthy premolars in which extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons. Before extraction, ...
Arweiler Nicole Birgit - - 2011
It was the aim of the study to evaluate the clinical and antibacterial effect of a dentifrice containing an anti-inflammatory plant extract (SB) versus a placebo (PLA) using an experimental gingivitis model. Forty subjects (20 per group) discontinued all oral hygiene measures for four teeth for a period of 21 days ...
Aykol Gokce - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy of smoking and non-smoking patients with moderate to advanced chronic periodontitis. Methods: All 36 systemically healthy patients who were included in the study initially received non-surgical periodontal ...
Manni Antonio - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate, over a period of approximately 3 years, the reactions to orthodontic loading of a type V titanium miniscrew. In this retrospective study, conducted in a private practice, the records of 300 miniscrews inserted in 132 consecutive patients (80 females, 60.6 per cent) ...
Fento─člu O - - 2010
This study was conducted to assess the effect of improved periodontal health following periodontal treatment on metabolic lipid control of patients on anti-lipemic treatment. The study population consisted of 20 patients aged 34-62 years with diagnoses of hyperlipidemia and chronic periodontitis. All patients used statin to treat their elevated levels ...
Dilsiz Alparslan - - 2010
The objective of regenerative periodontal therapy is the reconstitution of lost periodontal structures, such as cementum, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. Enamel matrix proteins (EMP) are used as a local adjunct to periodontal surgery to stimulate regeneration of periodontal tissues lost to periodontal disease. The aim of this split-mouth study ...
Blaedow Ryan A - - 2010
We investigated the interaction between the oak wilt pathogen (Ceratocystis fagacearum) and propiconazole in lower stems and roots of Quercus rubra to better understand published reports of fungicide failure after 2 years. Propiconazole was infused into mature oaks in July 2004 and roots were inoculated with pathogen endoconidia 1.0 m ...
Cardoso Paula C - - 2010
The daily application time for 10 percent carbamide peroxide (CP) typically is between four and eight hours. However, to the authors' knowledge, no investigators in clinical studies have compared different application times; this is the aim of this study. The authors recruited 60 patients and categorized each of them into ...
López-Jornet Pia - - 2010
The main objective of the present study was to assess the efficacy of a motivation–behavioral skills protocol for plaque control in patients with gingival lichen planus. A pre- and post-test descriptive clinical study was made of 40 consecutive white patients with gingival lichen planus: five males (12.5%) and 35 females ...
Paula V A C - - 2010
To assess the effect of combining 1% chlorhexidine varnish (CHX) with xylitol chewing gum (XYL) on Streptococcus mutans and biofilm levels in 6-8-year-old children. Randomised controlled study. Eighty-two 6-8-year-old children were randomly divided into groups as follows: G1 (n = 20): xylitol chewing gum twice a day after breakfast and ...
Jung Mi-Hwa - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the improvement of periodontal health of generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) diagnosed patients treated with non-surgical periodontal therapy accompanying systemic antibiotics administration. Two patients with GAgP were chosen for this study. Clinical indices were taken and a radiographic examination was performed at the ...
Cha Deok Sun - - 2010
To characterize the outcomes of initial and repeated office-based probing as a primary treatment for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) in children. The medical records of patients who underwent nasolacrimal duct office-based probing for CNLDO between March 2004 and January 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Nasolacrimal duct probing was performed on ...
Manner H - - 2010
The routine utility of fluoroscopy during double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) via the oral route has been not prospectively evaluated. Up to now, there have been no prospective randomized trials to assess whether fluoroscopy improves outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the value of fluoroscopy during oral DBE. A ...
Lui J - - 2011
In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the use of dental lasers for treatment of periodontal diseases. The purpose of this short-term clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of a combination of photodynamic therapy with low-level laser therapy as an adjunct to nonsurgical treatment of chronic ...
Guarnelli Maria Elena - - 2010
To compare the clinical and microbiological effects of ultrasonic mechanical instrumentation (UMI) associated to home-care use of amine fluoride/stannous fluoride (AmF/SnF(2) )-containing mouthrinse and toothpaste in smoker and non-smoker patients affected by generalized aggressive periodontitis (G-AgP) during a recall session of supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). Thirteen smokers and 25 non-smokers ...
Pradeep A R - - 2011
Background: As the periodontal tissues mount an immune inflammatory response to bacteria and their products, the systemic challenge with these agents also induces a major vascular response. Certain inflammatory cytokines produced during periodontal inflammation can depress erythropoietin production leading to the development of anemia. The aim of this study is ...
Tomasi Cristiano - - 2011
Background: The goal was to evaluate the clinical outcome of non-surgical retreatment at molar furcation sites by ultrasonic debridement with or without adjunctive application of locally delivered doxycycline, and to explore factors affecting the healing results. Methods: This study involves 32 patients with chronic periodontitis, who received initial pocket/root debridement ...
Ozer Leyla - - 2011
Arginine is converted to nitric oxide (NO) via NO synthase and to ornithine via arginase. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) catalyzes the conversion of ornithine to polyamines. Arginase can inhibit NO production, and NO can inhibit ODC activity as part of an early inflammatory response. This study examines the arginine-NO-polyamine pathway alteration ...
Zealand Cameron M - - 2010
The purpose of this multisite, multioperator, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the 6-month outcomes of diluted formocresol (DFC) compared to gray mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA) as pulpotomy medicament. Determined by a power analysis, 252 molars of 152 children were recruited. The teeth were randomly assigned to receive ...
Henriques Paulo S G - - 2010
The primary aim of this randomized clinical investigation was to evaluate gingival recession defects treated by a coronally advanced flap and sub-epithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) with or without enamel matrix derivative (EMD). Twelve patients with Miller's class III buccal recession defects of ≥2.0 mm in similar contra lateral sites ...
Al Mulla Anas H - - 2010
The hypothesis of this study was that toothpaste slurry rinsing, combined with other simple postbrushing steps (the modified fluoride toothpaste technique [MFTT]), would reduce the number of decayed and filled tooth surfaces. The study population consisted of 100 orthodontic patients randomly divided into 2 groups, 51 in the test group ...
Wu Guotao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate tooth mousse on the remineralization of bovine incisor by circularly polarized images. METHODS: Eighty bovine incisors, each with a 4 x 4 mm artificially demineralized area, were used. The samples were divided into four groups: Group A, casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium ...
Trombelli Leonardo - - 2010
The single flap approach (SFA) is a minimally invasive procedure designed for periodontal reconstructive procedures of intraosseous periodontal defects characterized by a dominant unilateral, buccal or oral, extension. This study evaluates the adjunctive effect of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) combined with a hydroxyapatite (HA) biomaterial in the management of intraosseous ...
Li Chun-Xiao - - 2010
Aedes albopictus is a primary nuisance pest and disease vector in China. Control of Ae. albopictus using current methods is difficult because of diverse larval breeding sites. In the present study, lambda-cyhalothrin was applied as a barrier spray to vegetation surrounding human dwellings for control of adult mosquito populations. Compared ...
Torres-Lagares Daniel - - 2010
The closure of post extraction gingival defects has not been studied in depth, although their achievement is of great importance in certain situations, such as prior to radiotherapy treatment in patients with oral cancer. The aim of this study is to assess the influence of bone substitutes on the time ...
Siciliano Vincenzo Iorio - - 2011
Background: The purpose of this study is to compare the healing of deep, non-contained intrabony defects (i.e., with a ≥80% 1-wall component and a residual 2- to 3-wall component in the most apical part) treated with either an enamel matrix derivative (EMD) or guided tissue regeneration (GTR) after 12 months. ...
Garcia M Nathalia - - 2011
A previous study reported by this group found that patients in periodontal maintenance programs taking vitamin D and calcium supplementation had a trend for better periodontal health compared to patients not taking supplementation. The objective of the present study is to determine, for the same cohort of subjects, whether such ...
Kammari Laxminarayana - - 2010
The 4-acetyl-2-nitrobenzyl moiety, substituted in both benzylic and phenacyl positions with leaving groups, has been proposed as a monochromophoric photocleavable linker. The attached groups can be disconnected selectively and orthogonally upon irradiation.
Casarin Renato Corrêa Viana - - 2010
This study aimed to evaluate the response of proximal furcations treated with enamel matrix derivative proteins (EMD) in a 24-month follow-up. Twelve patients presenting bilateral class II proximal furcation with vertical probing depth (PD) ≥5 mm and bleeding on probing were selected. The furcations were assigned to: a control group ...
Séguier Sylvie - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the photodynamic therapy (PDT) on the inflammatory infiltrate and on the collagen network organization in human advanced chronic periodontitis. Two different drug delivery systems (DDS) were tested (liposomes and nanoemulsions) to determine if the effects of PDT could differ ...
Joseph Rosamma - - 2011
Background: The relationship between periodontal disease and systemic disease is revealing new and exciting associations. Idiopathic edema presents a clinical syndrome with obscure pathophysiology. The present study investigates whether non-surgical periodontal therapy is beneficial in patients who are not responding to conventional treatment of idiopathic edema. Methods: Thirty patients with ...
Gamal Ahmed Yousef - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate levels of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) during the early stages of healing for sites treated by marginal periosteal pedicle (MPP) graft as an autogenous guided tissue membrane compared to that of the control open flap debridement ...
Iwamoto Tomoyuki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether oral administration of lactobacilli alters the degree of halitosis and clinical conditions associated with halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients with genuine halitosis were given 2.0 x 10(9)Lactobacillus salivarius WB21 and xylitol in tablet form daily. Oral malodor and clinical parameters ...
Tüter Gülay - - 2010
This study evaluates the efficacy of subantimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD) in conjunction with scaling and root planing (SRP) on gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 and -13 and on serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HsCRP) in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). A total of 41 patients ...
Lee Li-Wan - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Traumatic injury usually results in pulp necrosis of immature permanent incisors in children aged 7-10 years. Calcium hydroxide apexification is the most common treatment for necrotic, immature permanent teeth. This study compared the duration for apical barrier formation in necrotic immature permanent incisors treated with calcium hydroxide apexification using ...
McGuire Michael K - - 2010
For root coverage therapy, the connective tissue graft (CTG) plus coronally advanced flap (CAF) is considered the gold standard therapy against which alternative therapies are generally compared. When evaluating these therapies, in addition to traditional measures of root coverage, subject-reported, qualitative measures of esthetics, pain, and overall preferences for alternative ...
Kim Sang-Chul - - 2010
This study compared the total antioxidant status (TAS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the saliva of periodontally compromised patients before and after scaling and root planing (SRP) to assess their diagnostic utility. Severe chronic periodontitis patient (test group) and subjects with no attachment loss, sites showing a 3 mm ...
Dilsiz Alparslan - - 2010
Root surface biomodification has been used to treat gingival recession and periodontitis. The principle for this procedure is that removing the smear layer from the root surfaces exposes collagen fibers, which leads to improved healing. Clinical studies generally have failed to find any improvement in clinical parameters when using such ...
van Gastel Jan - - 2011
The aim of this longitudinal study was to monitor patients' microbiological and clinical parameters from bracket placement up to 3 months post-treatment. Twenty-four patients (10 males and 14 females, aged 14.6 ± 1.0 years) were included in this investigation. Microbiology (sub- and supragingival), periodontal probing depth (PPD), bleeding on probing ...
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