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Kean Crystal O - - 2011
Prospective cohort with historical controls. To examine the effects of a 12-week preoperative high-intensity resistance training program on postoperative outcomes. The primary goals of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) are to decrease pain and improve overall function during activities of daily living and participation in sport and recreation in relatively young, ...
Golukhova Elena Z - - 2011
Cardiac surgery is commonly associated with brain ischemia. Few studies addressed brain electric activity changes after on-pump operations. Eyes closed EEG was performed in 22 patients (mean age: 45.2 ± 11.2) before and two weeks after valve replacement. Spouses of patients were invited to participate as controls. Generalized increase of ...
Hennings Leah J - - 2011
Duration and extent of penumbra determine the window and brain volume in which interventions may save injured tissue after stroke. Understanding the penumbra in animals is necessary in order to design models that translate to effective clinical therapies. New Zealand white rabbits were embolized with aged autologous clot (n = ...
Fujita Keishi - - 2011
Progressive stroke is a serious problem due to the associated morbidity and mortality. Aspirin is recommended for acute ischemic stroke, but does not reduce the frequency of stroke progression. No standard treatment has been approved for the prevention of stroke progression. Cilostazol, which reduces platelet aggregation about 3 hours after ...
Brevoord Daniel - - 2011
Pre- and postconditioning describe mechanisms whereby short ischemic periods protect an organ against a longer period of ischemia. Interestingly, short ischemic periods of a limb, in itself harmless, may increase the ischemia tolerance of remote organs, e.g. the heart (remote conditioning, RC). Although several studies have shown reduced biomarker release ...
Castanares-Zapatero Diego - - 2011
Subarachnoid hemorrhage after the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm is the cause of 6% to 8% of all cerebrovascular accidents involving 10 of 100,000 people each year. Despite effective treatment of the aneurysm, delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is observed in 30% of patients, with a peak on the tenth day, ...
Kanamaru Kenji - - 2011
It is considered controversial whether superficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass affects the outcome of patients with ischemic stroke. This prospective study was undertaken to demonstrate the effect of STA-MCA bypass on the cerebral blood flow and neurological status of the patients with ischemic stroke. Seventy-five patients underwent ...
Wu Qingping - - 2011
Whether limb ischemic preconditioning (LIPC) is beneficial for patients undergoing mitral valve replacement (MVR) surgery is unknown. Seventy-five adult patients undergoing MVR surgery were randomly assigned to 3 groups: control group (n=25), LIPC group I (3 × 5-min cycles of right upper arm ischemia and 5-min reperfusion; n=25) and LIPC ...
Kwon Hyeok Gyu - - 2011
The arcuate fasciculus (AF) is the neural tract that connects Wernicke's area and Broca's area. The main role of the AF is speech repetition; therefore, injury to the AF typically causes conduction aphasia. We report on a patient who showed excellent recovery of aphasia despite complete injury of the AF ...
Desai Mital - - 2011
Despite advances in perioperative care, elective major vascular surgical procedures carry a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Remote ischaemic preconditioning is initiated by brief, non-lethal periods of ischaemia in a vascular bed different from the one which will be subjected to ischaemic insult during surgery. It has the potential ...
Majdan Marek M Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Department of Public Health, Trnava University, Hornopotocna 23, Trnava, Slovakia. - - 2011
Most epidemiological studies and reports have reached a consensus on the leading causes of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite the fact that the area of TBI is relatively well studied, reports on differences in severity and outcome of TBI with different causes are lacking. This paper analyses the differences in ...
Lee Song Joo SJ Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL60611, USA. - - 2011
The goal of this study was to use an offaxis robotic elliptical trainer to improve off-axis neuromuscular control in people with knee injuries. Thirteen individuals with knee injuries participated in the study. Among them, 8 individuals participated in 18 sessions of pivoting offaxis intensity-adjustable neuromuscular control training (POINT) (3 sessions/week ...
Zampieri Nicola - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of physical activity on the evolution of subclinical varicocele because subclinical and clinical varicoceles are common in adolescents. METHODS: The study enrolled healthy male volunteers (athletes and nonathletes) and athletes with subclinical varicocele from October 2006 to March 2007. A fourth group of nonathletes with ...
Muffly Tyler M - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to determine the optimal number of throws to ensure knot security. Knots were tied with 3, 4, 5, or 6 square throws with 0-gauge coated polyester, polydioxanone, polypropylene, and polyglactin 910. The suture was soaked in 0.9% sodium chloride and subsequently transferred to a ...
Bello Marcel - - 2011
Indoor soccer is a sport that exposes the athletes to muscle and joint lesions. The effect of rhythmic stabilization (RS) technique to prevent these kinds of lesions in indoor soccer athletes is largely unknown and its use in athletes is controversial. Nevertheless, empiric evidence suggests that RS might be effective ...
Naal Florian D - - 2011
Midterm outcome studies show that symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can be successfully treated by addressing the underlying pathomorphology with open or arthroscopic surgery. Although athletes may be vulnerable to hip injury from impingement, limited information is available regarding the results of open surgery in this group. High-level athletes with FAI ...
Sun Wei-Lian - - 2010
To determine serum adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), TNF-α and IL-6 levels in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with periodontitis before and after periodontal intervention, and to investigate the relationship between T2DM and periodontitis. A total of 50 IGT and 106 T2DM patients with periodontitis ...
Roh M R - - 2010
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare soft-tissue tumour with a high local recurrence rate. Recent reports indicate more favourable cure rates with Mohs' micrographic surgery (MMS). To investigate the beneficial use of MMS for DFSP in a single institution in Korea. A retrospective review was performed of pertinent demographic data, ...
Balaji S M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the lip and occlusal cant changes in hemifacial microsomia (HFM) cases after simultaneous maxilla and mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the mandible. Retrospective analysis of all HFM cases at Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital were performed. Patient of either gender with all ...
Nyland John - - 2011
Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common disabling medical conditions. With longer life expectancy the number of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures being performed worldwide is projected to increase dramatically. Patient education, physical activity, bodyweight levels, expectations and goals regarding the ability to continue athletic activity participation are also ...
Ardern Clare L - - 2011
An athlete's desire to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a major indication for ACL reconstruction surgery. Typical clearance to return is 6 to 12 months postoperatively. To investigate the return-to-sport rate and participation level of a large cohort at 12 months after ACL reconstruction surgery. ...
Griffiths Gareth S - - 2011
Previously, we showed that systemic metronidazole and amoxicillin significantly improved the outcomes of non-surgical debridement in generalized aggressive periodontitis patients. This study aimed to observe whether re-treatment with adjunctive antimicrobials would give the placebo group benefits comparable with the test group. Thirty-eight of 41 subjects, from the initial 6-month trial, ...
Ribeiro Fernanda V - - 2011
Background: This study investigates the impact of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) proteins on the outcome of a minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST) for the treatment of intrabony defects. Methods: Thirty patients who presented with intrabony defects were randomly assigned to treatment with: 1) MIST plus EMD or 2) MIST alone. ...
Montaldo L - - 2010
To assess oral status in a sample of Type 2 diabetic patients before and after therapy with saliva substitutes and oral status in a control group of diabetic patients who were not given saliva substitutes. Salivary flow rate was determined in 134 patients (mean age 47.9 ± 2.9 years) with ...
Villalpando Karina Teixeira - - 2010
The aim of this double-blind study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the association of triclosan-containing mouthrinse and dentifrice on biofilm and gingivitis reduction. Forty patients with a diagnosis of gingivitis were selected and randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): group TT-triclosan-containing mouthrinse and triclosan-containing dentifrice; group ...
Perozini Caroline - - 2010
To evaluate the levels of interleukin-1b (IL-1b) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and correlate these measurements with clinical characteristics of healthy patients and patients with gingivitis and periodontitis. Thirty-six individuals were subdivided into three groups of 12: control, gingivitis, and periodontitis groups. GCF samples were obtained ...
Giachetti Luca - - 2010
The aim of this split-mouth, randomized controlled trial was to compare the whitening results of at-home and in-office tooth bleaching techniques and the longevity of their effects at nine months after teeth had been bleached. The authors conducted a study involving a 14-day bleaching period, during which the first maxillary ...
De Lucena S C - - 2011
Summary  The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between patients' and dentist's assessment of dentures and to correlate these variables with objective measures of masticatory function. A sample of 28 edentulous individuals was selected, all wearing both complete dentures for at least 6 months and with no signs ...
Dicus Carolyn - - 2010
To assess the prevalence of periodontal inflammatory disease on the distal side of second molars after third molar removal and the association between presurgical and surgical variables and postsurgical periodontal outcomes. Data before and after surgery from 2 studies approved by an institutional review board were used. In 1 study, ...
Williams Geraint P - - 2011
Documentation of conjunctival forniceal foreshortening in cases of progressive cicatrising conjunctivitis (PCC) is important in ascertaining disease stage and progression. Lower fornix shortening is often documented subjectively or semi-objectively, whereas upper forniceal obliteration is seldom quantified. Although tools such as fornix depth measurers (FDMs) have been described, their designs limit ...
Caviedes-Bucheli Javier - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of three different rotary root canal preparation systems on substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide expression in healthy human periodontal ligament. Fifty periodontal ligament samples were obtained from healthy premolars in which extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons. Before extraction, ...
Arweiler Nicole Birgit - - 2011
It was the aim of the study to evaluate the clinical and antibacterial effect of a dentifrice containing an anti-inflammatory plant extract (SB) versus a placebo (PLA) using an experimental gingivitis model. Forty subjects (20 per group) discontinued all oral hygiene measures for four teeth for a period of 21 days ...
Aykol Gokce - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy of smoking and non-smoking patients with moderate to advanced chronic periodontitis. Methods: All 36 systemically healthy patients who were included in the study initially received non-surgical periodontal ...
Manni Antonio - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate, over a period of approximately 3 years, the reactions to orthodontic loading of a type V titanium miniscrew. In this retrospective study, conducted in a private practice, the records of 300 miniscrews inserted in 132 consecutive patients (80 females, 60.6 per cent) ...
Fento─člu O - - 2010
This study was conducted to assess the effect of improved periodontal health following periodontal treatment on metabolic lipid control of patients on anti-lipemic treatment. The study population consisted of 20 patients aged 34-62 years with diagnoses of hyperlipidemia and chronic periodontitis. All patients used statin to treat their elevated levels ...
Dilsiz Alparslan - - 2010
The objective of regenerative periodontal therapy is the reconstitution of lost periodontal structures, such as cementum, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. Enamel matrix proteins (EMP) are used as a local adjunct to periodontal surgery to stimulate regeneration of periodontal tissues lost to periodontal disease. The aim of this split-mouth study ...
Blaedow Ryan A - - 2010
We investigated the interaction between the oak wilt pathogen (Ceratocystis fagacearum) and propiconazole in lower stems and roots of Quercus rubra to better understand published reports of fungicide failure after 2 years. Propiconazole was infused into mature oaks in July 2004 and roots were inoculated with pathogen endoconidia 1.0 m ...
Cardoso Paula C - - 2010
The daily application time for 10 percent carbamide peroxide (CP) typically is between four and eight hours. However, to the authors' knowledge, no investigators in clinical studies have compared different application times; this is the aim of this study. The authors recruited 60 patients and categorized each of them into ...
López-Jornet Pia - - 2010
The main objective of the present study was to assess the efficacy of a motivation–behavioral skills protocol for plaque control in patients with gingival lichen planus. A pre- and post-test descriptive clinical study was made of 40 consecutive white patients with gingival lichen planus: five males (12.5%) and 35 females ...
Paula V A C - - 2010
To assess the effect of combining 1% chlorhexidine varnish (CHX) with xylitol chewing gum (XYL) on Streptococcus mutans and biofilm levels in 6-8-year-old children. Randomised controlled study. Eighty-two 6-8-year-old children were randomly divided into groups as follows: G1 (n = 20): xylitol chewing gum twice a day after breakfast and ...
Jung Mi-Hwa - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the improvement of periodontal health of generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) diagnosed patients treated with non-surgical periodontal therapy accompanying systemic antibiotics administration. Two patients with GAgP were chosen for this study. Clinical indices were taken and a radiographic examination was performed at the ...
Cha Deok Sun - - 2010
To characterize the outcomes of initial and repeated office-based probing as a primary treatment for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) in children. The medical records of patients who underwent nasolacrimal duct office-based probing for CNLDO between March 2004 and January 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Nasolacrimal duct probing was performed on ...
Manner H - - 2010
The routine utility of fluoroscopy during double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) via the oral route has been not prospectively evaluated. Up to now, there have been no prospective randomized trials to assess whether fluoroscopy improves outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the value of fluoroscopy during oral DBE. A ...
Lui J - - 2011
In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the use of dental lasers for treatment of periodontal diseases. The purpose of this short-term clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of a combination of photodynamic therapy with low-level laser therapy as an adjunct to nonsurgical treatment of chronic ...
Guarnelli Maria Elena - - 2010
To compare the clinical and microbiological effects of ultrasonic mechanical instrumentation (UMI) associated to home-care use of amine fluoride/stannous fluoride (AmF/SnF(2) )-containing mouthrinse and toothpaste in smoker and non-smoker patients affected by generalized aggressive periodontitis (G-AgP) during a recall session of supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). Thirteen smokers and 25 non-smokers ...
Pradeep A R - - 2011
Background: As the periodontal tissues mount an immune inflammatory response to bacteria and their products, the systemic challenge with these agents also induces a major vascular response. Certain inflammatory cytokines produced during periodontal inflammation can depress erythropoietin production leading to the development of anemia. The aim of this study is ...
Tomasi Cristiano - - 2011
Background: The goal was to evaluate the clinical outcome of non-surgical retreatment at molar furcation sites by ultrasonic debridement with or without adjunctive application of locally delivered doxycycline, and to explore factors affecting the healing results. Methods: This study involves 32 patients with chronic periodontitis, who received initial pocket/root debridement ...
Ozer Leyla - - 2011
Arginine is converted to nitric oxide (NO) via NO synthase and to ornithine via arginase. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) catalyzes the conversion of ornithine to polyamines. Arginase can inhibit NO production, and NO can inhibit ODC activity as part of an early inflammatory response. This study examines the arginine-NO-polyamine pathway alteration ...
Zealand Cameron M - - 2010
The purpose of this multisite, multioperator, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the 6-month outcomes of diluted formocresol (DFC) compared to gray mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA) as pulpotomy medicament. Determined by a power analysis, 252 molars of 152 children were recruited. The teeth were randomly assigned to receive ...
Henriques Paulo S G - - 2010
The primary aim of this randomized clinical investigation was to evaluate gingival recession defects treated by a coronally advanced flap and sub-epithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) with or without enamel matrix derivative (EMD). Twelve patients with Miller's class III buccal recession defects of ≥2.0 mm in similar contra lateral sites ...
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