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Kim Tae-Won TW 1Department of Neurology,College of Medicine,Catholic University of - - 2014
Whether an association exists between cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and functional recovery after ischemic stroke is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the association between CMBs and functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke. Consecutive patients with acute stroke were enrolled, and all patients were stratified into good and poor functional outcome groups ...
Arias Eric J EJ Department of Neurological - - 2014
Object Most patients with asymptomatic intracranial aneurysms treated with endovascular methods are closely observed overnight in an intensive care unit setting for complications, including ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, cardiac dysfunction, and groin access complications. The purpose of this study was to analyze the timing, nature, and rate of in-house postoperative ...
Ares Oscar O Orthopedic Department, Hospital Clinic Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Drainages in primary knee arthroplasty remain unclear. Our aim is to analyze variables that may affect bleeding in knee arthroplasty (age, drained volume, and ischemia time). We included 188 knee arthroplasties, divided into three groups: conventional approach for total knee arthroplasty (TKA), minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty (MIS), and unicompartmental ...
Douvali Maria M 2nd Department of Ophthalmology, Attikon Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of macular ischemia on the functional and anatomical outcome after intravitreal injections of ranibizumab for the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME). Procedures: Participants were 49 patients with diabetes mellitus, divided into two groups based on the presence of ischemia on fluorescein angiography: (i) nonischemic ...
McAlpine Heidi H Melbourne Brain Centre, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
Early neurological recovery after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is associated with favorable outcome after acute ischemic stroke. Leukoaraiosis, a marker of chronic ischemia, is a possible negative predictive factor of early recovery. However, its negative attenuating effects remain inadequately studied, leading to uncertainty in the prediction of outcomes after IVT. We ...
Hu Sheng-Li SL Department of Neurosurgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Gaotanyan 29, Shapingba District, Chong-Qing, 400038, People's Republic of - - 2014
Neurosurgical operations may result in surgical injury which would lead to postoperative neurological deficits. Hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) may be beneficial for such people. However, the exact mechanism underlying HBO-PC is not well known yet. The aim of this study is to explore the role of osteopontin (OPN) in HBO-PC-induced ...
Asaithambi Ganesh G Department of Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommended an expansion of the time window for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) reperfusion with intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) from 3 to 4.5 hours after symptom onset. We examine rates of IV and intra-arterial (IA) reperfusion before and after the recommendations to ...
Jones Helen H Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK - - 2014
Ischaemic preconditioning has well-established cardiac and vascular protective effects. Short interventions (one week) of daily ischaemic preconditioning episodes improve conduit and microcirculatory function. This study examined whether a longer (eight weeks) and less frequent (three per week) protocol of repeated ischaemic preconditioning improves vascular function. Eighteen males were randomly allocated ...
Triebel Kristen L KL Department of Neurology, Division of Neuropsychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), Birmingham, - - 2014
To investigate recovery of medical decision-making capacity (MDC) over six-months in persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) stratified by injury severity. Longitudinal study comparing controls and TBI patients one month after injury (T1) and six-months after injury (T2). Inpatient TBI rehabilitation unit and outpatient neurology department. 60 controls and 91 ...
Ahmad Ansari Muhammad Zubair AM Department of Cardiac Surgery, Ch. Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology, Multan, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) on clinical outcome, biological markers of myocardial injury, and its safety in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study was conducted at Ch. Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology (CPEIC) in Multan. The study took place from March 2012 ...
Girardi Leonard N LN Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
The best adjunct for cerebral protection during aortic arch reconstruction remains controversial. Retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) as an adjunct to profound hypothermic circulatory arrest (PHCA) extends the tolerable period of brain ischemia by flushing emboli and air from the cerebral circulation while maintaining hypothermia. We examined our experience with RCP ...
Brooks Darrell D Department of Plastic Surgery at the California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, - - 2014
The timing and pattern of reperfusion following arterial- venous reversal (AVR) in patients with terminal ischemia of an upper extremity is not well understood. The current case series describes the timing and pattern of reperfusion observed in patients with terminal upper extremity ischemia who underwent AVR and repeated postoperative indocyanine ...
Duval Sue S Vascular Medicine Program, Cardiovascular Division and Lillehei Heart Institute, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major cause of cardiovascular ischemic events and amputation. Knowledge gaps exist in defining and measuring key factors that predict these events. The objective of this study was to assess whether duration of limb ischemia would serve as a major predictor of limb and patient ...
Aboodi Michael S - - 2014
Background: Self-expanding stents (SES) are reemerging as therapeutic alternatives to treat coronary artery disease. It has been proposed that SES can improve clinical outcomes by inducing less injury at implantation and achieving better vessel wall apposition.To date, little data exists comparing the vascular response to both methods of deployment in ...
Zhang T Z TZ Department of Anaesthesiology, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, - - 2014
The protective effects of remifentanil preconditioning on serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) during pump-assisted coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) were investigated. Forty pump-assisted CABG patients were randomly divided into a remifentanil preconditioning group (R group) and a control group (C group, N = 10; normal saline). The R ...
Mentese Umit U Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ahi Evren Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, 61040 Trabzon, - - 2014
Backround. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in perioperative oxidant-antioxidant balance in ONCABG. Methods. Twenty-three patients were included in this study. Serum total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS), and oxidative stress index (OSI) values were assessed preoperatively, at 20 minutes after aortic clamping and ...
Shrestha N N Department of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu University Hospital, - - 2014
Background: Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is one of the common retinal disorders causing severe visual impairment. Objective: To study the clinical profile, risk factors and visual outcome in central retinal vein occlusion. Materials and methods: Seventy-four eyes of 74 patients with central retinal vein occlusion were retrospectively enrolled during ...
Harper Liam D LD Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United - - 2014
Despite the importance of extra-time in determining progression in specific soccer tournament matches, few studies have profiled the demands of 120-minutes of soccer match-play. With a specific focus on the extra-time period, and using a within-match approach, we examined the influence of prolonged durations of professional soccer match-play on markers ...
Jenkins Colin C Geriatric Medicine and Stroke Services Herefordshire NHS, Wye Valley NHS Trust, The County Hospital, Hereford, Herefordshire, - - 2014
The National Clinical Guidelines for Stroke recommend 'routine follow-up of patients 6 months post discharge'. The Sentinel Stroke National Audit Programme sets a standard of 6 months postadmission follow-up, capturing data on process and outcomes. There appears to be no convincing model of stroke follow-up at 6 months, and despite evidence of unmet ...
Lasry Oliver O Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University Health Centre, 1650 Cedar Ave., room L7-516, H3G 1A4 Montreal, QC - - 2014
Traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a common intracranial lesion after traumatic brain injury (TBI). As in aneurysmal SAH, cerebral vasospasm is a common cause of secondary brain injury and is associated with the thickness of traumatic SAH. Unfortunately, there is limited literature on an effective treatment of this entity. The ...
Chronopoulos Argyrios A Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
An unusual extensive bilateral macular oedema (MO) with spontaneous resolution occurred following a car crash accident. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the macular region using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) was performed daily during the first 7 days, as well as at 3 and 6 months following ...
Ilik Mustafa Kemal MK Mevlana University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Konya, - - 2014
This study was designed to examine the efficacy of moxonidine, a centrally acting antihypertensive agent that is a selective ligand for I1-imidazoline sites, in a rabbit cerebral vasospasm model. Twenty-four white, male New-Zealand rabbits weighing 2500-3200 gr. were randomly allocated into three groups as group 1= control group, group 2=subarachnoid ...
Stanne Tara M TM Institute of Biomedicine, Section for Clinical Genetics, the Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Rates and extent of recovery after stroke vary considerably between individuals and genetic factors are thought to contribute to post-stroke outcome. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays important roles in brain plasticity and repair and has been shown to be involved in stroke severity, recovery, and outcome in animal models. Few ...
Majewski Wacław W Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, - - 2014
Background Aortic cross-clamping during abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) open repair leads to development of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) spin-trapping is a valuable method of direct measurement of free radicals. The objective of the study was to evaluate the results of EPR as a direct method of free ...
Khatchadourian Karine - - 2013
To describe patient characteristics at presentation, treatment, and response to treatment in youth with gender dysphoria. A retrospective chart review of 84 youth with a diagnosis of gender dysphoria seen at BC Children's Hospital from 1998-2011. Of the 84 patients, 45 (54%) identified as female-to-male (FtM), 37 (44%) as male-to-female ...
Bernardini Francesco P - - 2013
The forehead/brow complex, the temporal region, the upper eyelid, the zygomatic area, the lower eyelid, and the cheek comprise the periocular esthetic unit. The combination of variable degrees of tissue descent and fat deflation of the component parts of the unit determine its appearance with age. The authors report the ...
Koul Roshan - - 2012
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune neuromuscular disorder caused by circulating antibodies that block acetylcholine receptors at the postsynaptic neuromuscular junction. A wide range of symptomatic therapy with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and immunotherapy such as corticosteroids, azathioprine, cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, plasmapheresis, and intravenous immunoglobulin has been used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis, ...
Cramer Gregory D - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to use previously validated methods to quantify and relate 2 phenomena associated with chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT): (1) cavitation and (2) the simultaneous gapping (separation) of the lumbar zygapophyseal (Z) joint spaces. This was a randomized, controlled, mechanistic clinical trial with blinding. Forty ...
Gill I P S - - 2012
We present a series of 35 patients (19 men and 16 women) with a mean age of 64 years (36.7 to 75.9), who underwent total hip replacement using the ESKA dual-modular short stem with metal on-polyethylene bearing surfaces. This implant has a modular neck section in addition to the modular ...
Nakasone Satoshi - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the incidence of initial polar gaps and their effect on clinical results in Birmingham Hip Resurfacing cups. A total of 151 hips in 134 patients who underwent hip resurfacing at a mean age of 50 years were examined. The mean follow-up ...
García-Aparicio L - - 2012
PURPOSE: We describe the efficacy of dilation of the ureterovesical junction to treat primary obstructive megaureter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13 patients with primary obstructive megaureter were treated from May 2008 to December 2010. Of these patients 8 were diagnosed prenatally and the others were diagnosed after a ...
Femenía Francisco - - 2012
A 34-week premature neonate presented with drug-refractory permanent junctional incessant tachycardia and haemodynamic compromise. The patient underwent successful radiofrequency catheter ablation using a single-catheter approach. The child remains in sinus rhythm, without pharmacological treatment, 2 years after the procedure.
Szakál Orsolya - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Gastric-arterial partial CO(2) pressure gap (P(g-a)CO(2) gap) measured by gastric tonometry may detect the disturbance of splanchnic perfusion. Since in the neonatal age it is very difficult to follow up the circulatory condition with frequent acid-base examinations, we wanted to compare the P(g-a)CO(2) gap with an alternative gap ...
Al-Ali Firas - - 2012
BackgroundDespite increased recanalization rates in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke, the percentage of patients with a good clinical outcome of all those treated has not risen above 50%. This 50% barrier may be broken by improving the criteria for treatment selection. This study investigated the addition of the capillary ...
Strandberg Erika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The interplay between mechanical dilatation, resorption, and arterial response following implantation of bioresorbable scaffolds is still poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Long-term geometric changes in porcine coronary arteries in relation to gradual degradation of bioresorbable scaffolds were assessed in comparison with bare metal stents (BMS). Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-derived lumen, ...
Choi Jae Duck - - 2012
PURPOSE: We determined the effects of warm ischemia time on the recovery of renal function after partial nephrectomy under pneumoperitoneum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study 37 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy or robot-assisted partial nephrectomy between June 2008 and May 2009 to remove a single cT1 ...
Graversen Joseph A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect that a safety wire (SW) had on insertion force and direct ureteral trauma using ureteral access sheaths (UAS) in an ex vivo porcine model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: UASs were advance into 20 fresh ex vivo porcine kidney-ureters, either with or without SWs. The average and ...
Hocini Mélèze M Hôpital Cardiologique du Haut Lévêque Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux II, Bordeaux, Pessac, France. - - 2012
To evaluate the safety and outcomes of mitral isthmus (MI) linear ablation with temporary spot occlusion of the coronary sinus (CS). CS blood flow cools local tissue precluding transmurality and bidirectional block across MI lesion. In a randomized, controlled trial (CS-occlusion = 20, Control = 22), MI ablation was performed ...
Cocchiarella Antonio - - 2012
Extensive research in the past decade has confirmed that the adult brain maintains some plasticity, including neural cell birth, migration and integration. Pre-clinical data strongly suggest that phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors promote cerebral neovascularization and neurogenesis. Animal studies of cerebral stroke suggest potential regenerative benefits following treatment with sildenafil ...
Verma Rajesh - - 2012
A teenage girl presented with progressively worsening neck and occipital pain since 8 months ago that was associated with restriction of neck movements, low to moderate grade fever, anorexia and weight loss followed by gradually progressive quadriparesis since 3 months ago. Neurological examination revealed spastic quadriparesis without cranial nerve palsy. MRI of ...
Vajda Zsolt - - 2012
Balloon dilatation and deployment of a self-expanding stent is a safe treatment for intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses. The significant recurrence rate might be related to the high radial force of the Wingspan stent. To evaluate the procedural safety and stenosis recurrence rate by the use of a stent with reduced radial ...
Pearson Scott - - 2011
To the Editor: The investigators in the Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared with Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation study (ROCKET AF; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00403767) (Sept. 8 issue)(1) reported that rivaroxaban was noninferior to warfarin in preventing stroke or ...
- - 2011
To the Editor: The investigators in the Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared with Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation study (ROCKET AF; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00403767) (Sept. 8 issue)(1) reported that rivaroxaban was noninferior to warfarin in preventing stroke or ...
Rosenstein Robert - - 2011
To the Editor: The investigators in the Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared with Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation study (ROCKET AF; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00403767) (Sept. 8 issue)(1) reported that rivaroxaban was noninferior to warfarin in preventing stroke or ...
Rose Adam - - 2011
To the Editor: The investigators in the Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared with Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation study (ROCKET AF; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00403767) (Sept. 8 issue)(1) reported that rivaroxaban was noninferior to warfarin in preventing stroke or ...
Sakai T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st>Intraoperative pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is an often overlooked cause of mortality during adult liver transplantation (LT) with diagnostic challenge. The goals of this study were to investigate the incidence, clinical presentation, and outcome of PTE and to identify risk factors or diagnostic predictors for PTE. METHODS: /st>Four hundred and ...
Niessner Alexander - - 2011
To the Editor: The investigators in the Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared with Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation study (ROCKET AF; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00403767) (Sept. 8 issue)(1) reported that rivaroxaban was noninferior to warfarin in preventing stroke or ...
Bagul Atul - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of a right-sided-complex laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy, defined as bifurcation of the right renal artery behind the inferior vena cava. Right-sided laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy is now a widely accepted procedure when complex anatomy is encountered on the left. TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The present retrospective case ...
Fernández-Ortega Juan Francisco - - 2011
A proportion of patients surviving severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) present symptoms suggestive of excessive sympathetic discharge, here termed Paroxysmal Sympathetic Hyperactivity (PSH). Aims: 1) To describe the clinical associations and radiological findings of PSH, its incidence and features in subjects with severe TBI in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). ...
Szendro G - - 2011
Femoro above knee popliteal bypass using synthetic graft is a well recognized revascularization procedure in patients with severe lower limb ischemia with either critical limb ischemia (CLI), limiting claudication (IC) or with acute limb ischemia (ALI).Occasionally the patient's general condition would mandate a short and minimally invasive procedure. When endovascular ...
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