Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1649
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Schwarz Frank - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present case series was to evaluate the 2-year results obtained following treatment of peri-implantitis lesions using either a nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (NHA) or a natural bone mineral in combination with a collagen membrane (NBM+CM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients suffering from moderate peri-implantitis (n=22 intra-bony defects) ...
Sevinc Alper - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is a common but nonspecific test that is often used as an indicator of active disease. Infection of dental origin may be responsible for a number of cases in unresolved elevated ESR and fever etiology. Dental sepsis is the one of the potential causes ...
Tripuraneni S C - - 2008
This study was conducted to evaluate the genotoxicity of nickel-chromium (Ni-Cr) base metal alloys in their reused state at different time intervals. Two commercially available Ni-Cr alloys (Wiron 99, remanium Cse) were evaluated. Three groups of alloy specimens (disks 3 mm x 5 mm) were fabricated from each of these ...
Novak M John - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that host modulation therapy (HMT) or topical antimicrobial therapy (TAT) provided significant adjunctive benefits to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis (CP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate a combination therapy involving SRP, HMT, and TAT in the treatment ...
Chaturvedi Rashi
<b>Background:</b> Microbial colonization of the barrier membranes used for guided tissue regeneration is inevitable and can lead to delayed healing. <b> Aims:</b> Antimicrobial coating of the membrane with 25&#x0025; doxycycline paste has been attempted to prevent infection and achieve enhanced regeneration in periodontal infrabony defects. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> Twenty-four ...
Singh Sukhdeep
<b>Aims: </b> The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of improved periodontal health on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) patients who have generalized periodontitis. <b> Materials and Methods :</b> A total of 45 type 2 DM patients with generalized periodontitis were selected ...
Ozcelik Onur - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate post-operative pain, wound healing and clinical results after the application of an enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD) alone or combined with a low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for the treatment of deep intra-bony defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was ...
Rocha Maria José de Carvalho - - 2007
The present study aimed to verify the factors that interfere with the success of endodontic treatment of traumatized primary teeth as well as to determine the success level of the proposed treatment, through survival analysis. The research was conducted through the analysis of dental traumatism records and attached radiological exams ...
Canakçi Cenk Fatih - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The authors assessed the levels of postoperative pain, postoperative dentin hypersensitivity and discomfort patients experienced during various periodontal treatments by using a visual analog scale (VAS). They aimed to determine whether VAS scores could be predicted by patient's age and sex and to evaluate the factors associated with the ...
Kyle Robert A - - 2007
This review of the plasma-cell disorders begins with the definition of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The prevalence of MGUS in white and black populations is described. MGUS is a common finding in the medical practice of all physicians, and thus it is important to both the patient and ...
Mahajan Ajay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate acellular dermal matrix (ADM) graft in terms of patient satisfaction and its effectiveness and efficiency in the treatment of gingival recession. METHODS: Fourteen patients (seven males and seven females) with Miller Class I and II recessions > or =3 mm ...
Crescini Aldo - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the periodontal variables of impacted maxillary canines that were treated with a combined surgical and orthodontic approach aimed at reproducing the physiologic eruption pattern of canines. Twenty-five patients who presented with unilateral impacted maxillary canines were consecutively enrolled (age range, 13.2 to ...
Tuna D - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) when used as a pulp capping material in primary teeth. METHODOLOGY: Clinical follow-up was performed on 25 symmetrical pairs of primary molars with deep occlusal caries, in 25 patients between the ages of 5 and 8 years. Pulps exposed during ...
Ishimoto Shin-ichi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the moisture checker (MucusIII), a new device for measuring moisture of the oral submucosa. METHODS: Defective salivary secretion was induced by sialoadenectomy (n=8), while the remaining five guinea pigs underwent sham surgery (control group). We measured the unstimulated salivary flow rate, wetness of ...
M Shaddox Luciana - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Additional clinical benefits have been reported with the use of locally delivered antimicrobials in the treatment of smokers; however, long-term changes in the subgingival microbiota following the use of these drugs in smokers have not been documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term microbiologic changes following ...
Checchi Luigi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this single-blind clinical study was to evaluate the efficacy of an innovative manual toothbrush versus a traditional one. METHODS: The toothbrushes were randomly assigned to 30 volunteers in a student population of the Dental School of the University of Bologna, Italy, divided into 15 test and ...
Slotte Christer - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study the 5-year outcome of combined use of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) barriers and bovine bone in advanced periodontal defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In each of 24 patients, one defect was surgically exposed, debrided, filled with bovine bone, and covered with a bioresorbable barrier. Re-examinations were made after ...
Kara C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare oral improvement achieved by different periodontal therapies (surgical and non-surgical) for different aetiological factors induced gingival overgrowth in 60 subjects (mean age +/- SD = 12.33 +/- 1.05 years; age range = 12-15 years). METHODS: Subjects received oral hygiene instructions, ...
Conner Deborah A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of root canal treatment in private practice and filled with Resilon. Immediate postoperative radiographs were compared to follow-up radiographs of at least 1 year in 82 randomly selected primary endodontic cases treated according to a nonstandardized protocol but root-filled ...
Wiegand Annette - - 2007
PURPOSE: This in vitro study evaluated the effects of toothpaste fluoridation and toothpaste plus gel fluoridation and influence of the time period of fluoride gel application on the microhardness of bleached enamel. METHODS: Ninety bovine enamel samples were distributed among nine groups (A-I), each having 10 samples. Half of each ...
Demirci Mustafa - - 2008
This study evaluated the 5-year clinical performance of polyacid-modified resin composite, Dyract (DeTrey/Dentsply, Konstanz, Germany), restorations in class V carious lesions. Ninety-two class V carious lesions in 28 patients were restored with Dyract. Restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline, 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year recalls and were evaluated according ...
Dastoor Sarosh F SF Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078, - - 2007
Along with conventional surgical therapy, systemic antibiotics may provide more effective treatment in smokers by targeting tissue-invasive bacteria. The aim of this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-masked clinical trial was to evaluate the adjunctive effects of systemic azithromycin (AZM) in combination with periodontal pocket reduction surgery in the treatment of chronic periodontitis ...
Gaspirc Boris - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the long-term clinical outcomes of erbium-doped:yttrium, aluminum, and garnet (Er:YAG) laser-assisted periodontal flap surgery versus conventional treatment with the modified Widman flap procedure. METHODS: A total of 146 single-rooted periodontally involved teeth from 25 patients were included in ...
Mohammadi Mohammad - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An adequate width of attached gingiva is necessary to maintain healthy periodontium, especially in orthodontics or restorative treatments in periodontics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the width of attached gingiva after clinical application of a cultured gingival graft compared to a periosteal fenestration technique. METHODS: This ...
Cortellini P - - 2007
Many scientific data show that periodontal regeneration is an effective and predictable procedure for the treatment of isolated and multiple intrabony defects. Meta-analyses from systematic reviews show a clinical advantage in terms of clinical attachment level gain when demineralized freeze dried bone allograft, barrier membranes and amelogenins are applied in ...
Hussein Iyad I Dundee Dental Hospital and School, Dundee, - - 2007
Plaque bacteria are the primary initiators of periodontal disease in susceptible persons and therapy is largely based on mechanical bacterial biofilm disruption. Patients' response to periodontal treatment is unpredictable and periodontal stability is not always achieved. Locally delivered antimicrobials (LDAs) may be used as adjuncts to mechanical therapy in treatment ...
Kaner Do─čan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Subgingival application of chlorhexidine via a controlled-delivery device (CHX chip) improves the clinical outcome of scaling/root planing (SRP) in therapy for chronic periodontitis. Generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) is commonly treated with SRP and adjunctive antimicrobial medication. To date, the efficacy of CHX chips in GAP therapy has not been ...
Barbosa Mônica D S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A new fibrin adhesive made of buffalo plasma-derived fibrinogen and a thrombin-like enzyme obtained from snake venom was evaluated in this case series with regard to its applicability in periodontal surgery. Free gingival grafts that were sutured (control group) were compared to others immobilized through the use of the ...
Li Zhimei - - 2007
Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) has been shown to facilitate wound healing by stimulating fibroblast proliferation and angiogenesis. It has also been reported to possess a powerful anti-apoptotic function This study compared the histological pulp responses to aFGF on collagen carrier and Ca(OH)(2) placed on the mechanically exposed dental pulp ...
de Lange Jan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential benefit of an ultrasonic device in apical surgery on the outcome of treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized prospective design was used in a standardized treatment protocol. Patients were allocated to treatment with an ultrasonic device (P-Max Newtron) or treatment ...
Bille M L B - - 2007
AIM: This was to examine the resorption pattern of primary molars and canines in dentitions with advanced apical resorption even though the permanent successor had barely begun root formation and to verify the resorption process histologically. STUDY DESIGN: Panoramic or bite-wing radiographs were selected from a dentition archive of radiographs ...
MacLean Jeanette K - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to explore clinical outcomes for NuSmile anterior preveneered stainless steel crowns. METHODS: A convenience sample of healthy children treated with anterior crowns was selected from a teaching clinic and private office. Crowns were placed by either a private practice dentist or pediatric ...
Silva Cléverson O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Smoking adversely affects the short-term outcomes of coronally positioned flap (CPF) root coverage procedures, but the long-term stability of this procedure in smokers has not been studied. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of smoking on the long-term outcomes of CPF in recession treatment. METHODS: ...
Bittencourt Sandro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the outcome of gingival recession therapy using the semilunar coronally repositioned flap (SCRF) with or without EDTA application for root surface biomodification. METHODS: Fifteen patients with bilateral Miller Class I buccal gingival recessions (< or =4.0 mm) were selected. ...
Fugazzotto Paul A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The development of bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis in patients with a history of intravenous bisphosphonate therapy is a significant cause of concern in clinical periodontal practice. The role of oral bisphosphonates in the development of bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis is less clear. This article documents the results of treatment of patients with a ...
Briso André Luiz Fraga - - 2007
This incidence of postoperative sensitivity was evaluated in resin-based posterior restorations. Two hundred and ninety-two direct restorations were evaluated in premolars and molars. A total of 143 Class I and 149 Class II restorations (MO/OD and MOD) were placed in patients ranging in age from 30 to 50 years. After ...
Naumann Michael - - 2007
PURPOSE: This randomized parallel-group clinical pilot study aimed to compare the clinical outcome of prefabricated rigid titanium to glass fiber endodontic posts when luted with self-adhesive universal resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight patients in need of postendodontic restoration were assessed for eligibility. Ninety-one patients met the selection criteria and ...
Deppe Herbert - - 2007
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term need for dental treatment following non-radical treatment modes prior to cardiac valve surgery. PATIENTS: From 1995 to 2001, a total of 305 patients were screened prior to cardiac surgery. After an average period of 36 months, 80 of ...
Guerrero Adrian - - 2007
AIM: The objective of this study was to explore the effect of incomplete adherence to the prescribed antibiotic regimen, amoxicillin and metronidazole, in the non-surgical treatment of generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP). METHODS: This retrospective study included 18 GAP subjects who received a conventional course of full-mouth non-surgical periodontal treatment using ...
Kim Ti-Sun - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of tooth related and patient related factors on the success of non-surgical and surgical periodontal therapy. In 41 patients (22 female) with untreated and/or recurrent periodontitis, no therapy, scaling and root planing (SRP), or access flap (AF) were assigned according ...
Hirasaki Shoji S Second Department of Internal Medicine, Sumitomo Besshi Hospital, 3-1 Ohji-cho, Niihama 792-8543, Japan. - - 2007
To evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic submucosal dissection using an insulation-tipped diathermic knife (IT-ESD) for the treatment of patients with over 20 mm early gastric cancer (EGC). A total of 112 patients with over 10 mm EGC were treated with IT-ESD at Sumitomo Besshi Hospital and Shikoku Cancer Center in ...
Bizhang Mozhgan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fluoride and chlorhexidine (CHX) are state-of-the-art preventive measures for remineralizing teeth and for preventing plaque accumulation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of fluoride and CHX varnishes on root caries and microbiota located on root surfaces. METHODS: Thirty-three patients from a periodontal maintenance program, having ...
Tomasi Cristiano C Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Sweden. - - 2007
To investigate, by means of multilevel analysis, factors that may affect the short-term clinical outcome of non-surgical periodontal treatment. Forty-one patients randomly assigned to two protocols of non-surgical therapy were included. The impact of different covariates on the probability of "pocket closure" [i.e. probing pocket depth (PPD)<or=4 mm] was explored ...
Assaf Mohammad - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential use of diode lasers (DLs) to reduce bacteremia associated with ultrasonic scaling (US). Furthermore, the clinical efficacy of DLs as an adjunct to US in the treatment of gingivitis was investigated. BACKGROUND DATA: Recently, lasers have found new applications ...
Cem Güngör Hamdi - - 2007
A retrospective study was carried out on the dental trauma records of 93 patients (55 boys, 38 girls) with 129 crown-fractured teeth. The patients' average age was 9.57 years (SD 1.57), ranging between 7 and 15 years. Uncomplicated crown facture (comprising enamel-dentin) was the most observed type of injury (n ...
Manfrin Thais Mara - - 2007
Accurate diagnosis and adequate treatment plan may constitute very complex tasks, particularly in tooth avulsion, because several variables are involved. In addition to the technical knowledge and clinical experience directed toward the quality of treatment, patient education may favorably influence the survival of replanted teeth. The aim of this study ...
Leiknes Tom - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bacterial plaque accumulation at the dentogingival junction and in periodontal pockets is the major etiologic factor in all manifestations of periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a locally delivered 25% metronidazole gel after scaling and root planing (SRP) would enhance the treatment outcome over ...
Miranda Letícia A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to compare the inflammatory activity in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in a group of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and a group of matched controls. Secondarily, we aimed to evaluate the effect of rheumatologic treatment on periodontal inflammation. METHODS: Seventeen individuals ...
Matis Bruce A - - 2007
This in vivo pilot study evaluated eight products with hydrogen peroxide (HP) concentrations ranging from 15% to 35%. The treatment contact time varied from 15 minutes to 60 minutes. Patients were evaluated for color at baseline, immediately after treatment and at one, two, four and six weeks after treatment using ...
Blum Arnon - - 2007
Periodontitis is a chronic, infectious, insidious disease of the tooth-supporting structures that causes a general inflammatory response. The aims of this study were to determine whether periodontitis is associated with endothelial dysfunction leading to cardiovascular events and whether proper management of periodontal disease would improve endothelial function and prevent cardiovascular ...
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