Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1592
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Cortellini Pierpaolo - - 2008
The use of chlorhexidine (CHX) has been recommended for a number of clinical applications including plaque control in the post-operative period. However, the use of CHX is burdened by some side effects that could affect the compliance of the patient. The aim of this clinical trial was to evaluate the ...
Hellström Maj-Karin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of minocycline microspheres on periodontal probing depth reduction when used in combination with surgery in adults with moderate to severe, chronic periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with a minimum of one non-molar periodontal site > or =6 mm ...
Jain Anurag - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to clinically evaluate the efficacy of bovine-derived hydroxyapatite (HA) combined with Cissus quadrangularis (CQ), as compared to bovine-derived hydroxyapatite alone in the treatment of intrabony defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with one intrabony defect each were selected for this study. After ...
Huang I-Yueh - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the results of surgical treatment for oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) in patients who did or did not cooperate with the rehabilitation regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: There were 54 patients who had surgical treatment of trismus caused by OSF. Split-thickness skin grafts ...
Latronico M - - 2008
AIM: This clinical trial investigates the effectiveness of full-mouth disinfection (FMD) versus conventional etiological therapy in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: The therapy effectiveness was assessed by a randomized trial, performed over 20 adult periodontitis (AP) patients, divided into two groups. Patients were recruited undergoing strict inclusion/exclusion criteria. The ...
Singh Sukhdeep - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of improved periodontal health on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) patients who have generalized periodontitis. A total of 45 type 2 DM patients with generalized periodontitis were selected for the study. The selected patients were ...
Chaturvedi Rashi R Department of Periodontics, Dr. HSJ Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Panjab University Chandigarh, India. - - 2008
Microbial colonization of the barrier membranes used for guided tissue regeneration is inevitable and can lead to delayed healing. Antimicrobial coating of the membrane with 25% doxycycline paste has been attempted to prevent infection and achieve enhanced regeneration in periodontal infrabony defects. Twenty-four patients with 2-walled or 3-walled infrabony defects ...
Casarin Renato Corrêa Viana - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present randomized, double-blind study was to evaluate the clinical response of proximal furcations treated with enamel matrix derivative proteins (EMD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen patients, each with a pair of contralateral class-II proximal furcation involvements, presenting probing depths (PDs) >/=5 mm and bleeding on probing ...
Jepsen S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Comparison of the outcomes of a combination of an enamel matrix derivative and a synthetic bone graft (EMD/SBC) with EMD alone in wide intra-bony defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients with chronic periodontitis were recruited in five centres in Germany. All patients had one wide intra-bony defect of >/=4 ...
Pretzl Bernadette - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the 10-year results after GTR-therapy of infrabony defects using two bioabsorbable barriers in a randomized-controlled clinical trial. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 15 patients with periodontitis, 15 pairs of infrabony defects were treated. For each patient, one defect received a polydioxanon (test: T) and the other received a ...
Kasaj Adrian - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to compare the clinical outcomes of infrabony periodontal defects following treatment with an anorganic bovine-derived hydroxyapatite matrix/cell-binding peptide (ABM/P-15) flow to open flap debridement. Twenty-six patients, each displaying one infrabony defect with probing depth>or=6 mm and vertical radiographic bone loss>or=3 mm participated in ...
Andrade Patrícia F - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this randomized, controlled, clinical study was to compare two surgical techniques with the acellular dermal matrix graft (ADMG) to evaluate which technique could provide better root coverage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with bilateral Miller Class I gingival recession areas were selected. In each patient, one ...
Preshaw Philip M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that adjunctive subantimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD; 20 mg, twice daily) provides significant clinical benefits to scaling and root planing (SRP). A modified-release SDD formulation containing 40 mg doxycycline (SDD-40) to be taken once daily has been developed. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Sabbarini Jumana - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic success rates of two different pulpotomy agents: one novel agent, the biologically active odontogenic protein enamel matrix derivative (EMD) versus formocresol (FC). A randomized, single-blind, split-mouth study was used with a sample of 15 children aged 4 to ...
Penesis Vince A - - 2008
The choice of one-visit versus two-visit root canal therapy for necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis is a source of current debate. The primary objective of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to compare radiographic evidence of periapical healing after root canal therapy completed in one visit or two visits with ...
Kasaj Adrian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of intrabony periodontal defects following treatment with a novel nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (NHA) paste to open flap debridement. METHODS: Twenty-eight subjects, each displaying one intrabony defect with probing depth (PD) > or =6 mm and radiographic evidence of an ...
Mohammadi Zahed - - 2008
The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the antimicrobial substantivity of BioPure MTAD, 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) and 2.6% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) in human root dentin. One hundred and ten dentin tubes prepared from human maxillary incisors were infected in vitro for 14 days with Enterococcus faecalis. The ...
Zucchelli Giovanni - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In ideal conditions, the gain in clinical attachment following regenerative therapy of infrabony defects should be equal to probing depth reduction; thus, gingival recession should not increase as a consequence of the treatment procedures. The goal of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a surgical technique for ...
Polat Hidayet Burak - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of 4 types of widely used commercial mouth rinses on third molar surgery-related oral malodor. In this double-blind selective clinical trial, 80 participants (40 women, 40 men) who had undergone third molar surgery were divided into 5 groups, and different ...
Reaugh, KE; Marine Biology ...
The primary-secondary settlement hypothesis, that mussels first settle in algae and then move to mussel beds, was rejected as the only mode of recruitment for the brown mussel <i>Perna perna</i> in a previous study at one location over one year on the south coast of South Africa. We investigated recruitment ...
Pichardo S - - 2008
The present study proposes a new integrated imaging (II) high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) probe intended as an improvement to the Ablatherm prostate cancer treatment. Because of a perforation in the center of the II probe, the expected lesion differs from the one obtained for the original Ablatherm probe. In this ...
Peñarrocha Diago Miguel - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: In periapical surgery, the absence of standardization between different studies makes it difficult to compare the outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the healing classification of different authors and evaluate the prognostic criteria of periapical surgery at 12 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 278 patients (101 men and 177 women) with a ...
Akincibay Hakan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The use of antibiotics as an adjunctive therapy in the management of periodontal diseases has always been of interest for dental practitioners. Although studies have demonstrated the importance of different antibiotics as adjunct in the treatment of periodontitis, few studies have reported comparative results of antibiotics in localized aggressive ...
Paolantonio Michele - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The main therapeutic approach for periodontal diseases is mechanical treatment of root surfaces via scaling and root planing (SRP). Multicenter clinical trials have demonstrated that the adjunctive use of a chlorhexidine (CHX) chip is effective in improving clinical results compared to SRP alone. However, some recent studies failed to ...
Rotstein Ilan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the opinions of dental professionals working within the Delta Dental insurance system regarding the predictability of initial endodontic treatment, expected long-term outcome and the importance of placing a coronal coverage after completion of treatment. METHODS: An eight-item questionnaire was distributed among participants attending a continuing education course. ...
Cohen Tzeela - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with subungual melanoma (SM) often experience delayed diagnosis and present with deep primary lesions. Breslow depth of the primary lesion is often unknown before definitive resection, thus complicating treatment planning. METHODS: Patients with SM treated at our institution from 1992 to 2004 were identified from our prospective melanoma ...
Rossberg Matthias - - 2008
Connective tissue grafts (CTGs) are generally viewed as the most successful technique for root coverage. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the long-term clinical and patient-centered esthetic results of the envelope technique for CTG. Thirty-nine defects in 20 patients (22 to 57 years of age; mean 37.8 ...
Doruk Cenk C Department of Orthodontics, University of Cumhuriyet, Sivas, - - 2008
To compare oral and nasal malodor in patients with and without cleft lip and palate (CLP) who had undergone orthodontic therapy. University of Cumhuriyet, Sivas, Turkey. The study included 33 patients. Group 1 was composed of 11 patients with CLP. Measurements were taken while they were undergoing treatment with orthodontic ...
Chaturvedi Rashi
<b>Background:</b> Microbial colonization of the barrier membranes used for guided tissue regeneration is inevitable and can lead to delayed healing. <b> Aims:</b> Antimicrobial coating of the membrane with 25&#x0025; doxycycline paste has been attempted to prevent infection and achieve enhanced regeneration in periodontal infrabony defects. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> Twenty-four ...
Singh Sukhdeep
<b>Aims: </b> The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of improved periodontal health on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) patients who have generalized periodontitis. <b> Materials and Methods :</b> A total of 45 type 2 DM patients with generalized periodontitis were selected ...
Closs Luciane Q - - 2008
Aim: To assess the occurrence, extension, and severity of gingival margin alterations in a sample of youth after orthodontic treatment. Methods: Records from 209 Caucasian adolescents (118 female and 91 male) before and after orthodontic treatment were selected. Patients presented a mean age at the beginning of orthodontic treatment of ...
Sevinc Alper - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is a common but nonspecific test that is often used as an indicator of active disease. Infection of dental origin may be responsible for a number of cases in unresolved elevated ESR and fever etiology. Dental sepsis is the one of the potential causes ...
Balevi Ben - - 2008
DESIGN: This was a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in a dental hospital. INTERVENTION: Resin-bonded fixed partial dentures (RBFPD) or removable partial dentures (RPD) were compared. The RBFPD restored 1 occlusal unit, up to but not beyond the second premolar, by means of single pontics cantilevered from single abutments whenever possible. ...
Zurn Derek - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to compare light-cured calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) with diluted formocresol (FC) for its success as a primary molar pulpotomy medicament METHODS: Selection criteria included at least 2 matching, asymptomatic, contralateral primary molars requiring vital pulpotomies. Matched teeth in each patient were randomized to ...
Aminabadi Naser Asl - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Pulpotomy of primary incisors is a serious challenge due to the lack of a distinct boundary between the coronal and the radicular pulp and the inaccuracy of the clinical indication criteria. The aim of the present study is the clinical and radiographic evaluation of pulpotomy versus root canal therapy ...
Tripuraneni S C - - 2008
This study was conducted to evaluate the genotoxicity of nickel-chromium (Ni-Cr) base metal alloys in their reused state at different time intervals. Two commercially available Ni-Cr alloys (Wiron 99, remanium Cse) were evaluated. Three groups of alloy specimens (disks 3 mm x 5 mm) were fabricated from each of these ...
Schwarz Frank - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present case series was to evaluate the 2-year results obtained following treatment of peri-implantitis lesions using either a nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (NHA) or a natural bone mineral in combination with a collagen membrane (NBM+CM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients suffering from moderate peri-implantitis (n=22 intra-bony defects) ...
Hassan Suzan M - - 2008
This study was conducted to evaluate different regimens of 0.12% chlohexidine (CHX) rinse on the salivary parameters and Mutans Streptococci (MS) for a group of Egyptians. Twenty one females were recruited based on inclusive exclusive criteria. They were assigned to three different groups according to the CHX regimen specified. Salivary ...
Tanaka Orlando Motohiro - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this report is to present the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment planning strategy in the presence of an open gingival embrasure between the maxillary central incisors. BACKGROUND: The open gingival embrasure or "black triangle" is a visible triangular space in the cervical region of the maxillary incisors. ...
Ozer F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and histopathological characteristics of antrochoanal polyps (ACPs) and to perform a comparative analysis of surgical techniques in terms of recurrence. METHODS: The clinical, radiological and histopathological features of 42 patients with a diagnosis of ACP who underwent surgery in ...
Paolantonio M - - 2008
The main therapeutic approaches for inflammatory periodontal diseases include the mechanical treatment of root surfaces. Multi-center clinical trials have demonstrated that the adjunctive use of a chlorhexidine (CHX) chip is effective in improving clinical results compared to scaling and root planing (SRP) alone. However, some recent studies failed to confirm ...
Groselj Dusan - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of our work was to predict the clinical response of Crohn's disease (CD) patients to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) treatment by dental, periodontal, and oral mucosa parameters. METHODOLOGY: In 5 patients with luminal CD and in 9 patients with fistulizing CD, oral symptoms and signs before drug ...
Yen C Alec - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents inhibit the production of cyclooxygenase (COX) products and can attenuate bone loss. In this double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial, the efficacy of celecoxib (COX-2 inhibitor) was evaluated in conjunction with scaling and root planing (SRP) in subjects with chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: A total of 131 ...
Naito Toru - - 2008
DESIGN: This was a randomised controlled trial (RCT). INTERVENTION: Root-end resection and preparation with a round dental bur was compared with the use of ultrasonic diamond coated retro-tips. OUTCOME MEASURE: Treatment was considered a success when the radiological and clinical criteria listed (Table 1) were met. RESULTS: Out of a ...
Shirakata Yoshinori - - 2008
Regeneration of lost periodontium is the ultimate goal of periodontal therapy. Bone grafts, guided tissue regeneration, and application of growth factors are used for periodontal regeneration. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a new, injectable calcium phosphate bone cement (CPC) in human periodontal intrabony defects. Thirty subjects ...
Alves Patrícia V M - - 2008
The purpose of this article is to report a protocol for treating an orthodontic patient with a high risk of developing caries. The salivary level of Streptococcus mutans was evaluated during various stages of orthodontic treatment. It was significantly high before professional application of 1% chlorhexidine collagen gel, daily mouth ...
Novak M John - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that host modulation therapy (HMT) or topical antimicrobial therapy (TAT) provided significant adjunctive benefits to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis (CP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate a combination therapy involving SRP, HMT, and TAT in the treatment ...
Duarte Fabio de Freitas Fde - - 2008
The aim of this randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a biodegradable chlorhexidine chip as an adjunctive therapy to scaling and root planing. Eleven consecutive patients with aggressive periodontitis were recruited for this study. Each volunteer provided four sites with probing depth > or = 5 ...
Neeraja R R Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, R.V Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. - - 2008
Treating a carious tooth in children with high caries experience by providing a restoration does not cure the disease. If the unfavorable oral environment that caused the cavity persists so will the disease and more restorations will be required in future. Treating the oral infection by reducing the number of ...
Ozcelik Onur - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate post-operative pain, wound healing and clinical results after the application of an enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD) alone or combined with a low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for the treatment of deep intra-bony defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was ...
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