Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1573
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Polat Hidayet Burak - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of 4 types of widely used commercial mouth rinses on third molar surgery-related oral malodor. In this double-blind selective clinical trial, 80 participants (40 women, 40 men) who had undergone third molar surgery were divided into 5 groups, and different ...
Reaugh, KE; Marine Biology ...
The primary-secondary settlement hypothesis, that mussels first settle in algae and then move to mussel beds, was rejected as the only mode of recruitment for the brown mussel <i>Perna perna</i> in a previous study at one location over one year on the south coast of South Africa. We investigated recruitment ...
Pichardo S - - 2008
The present study proposes a new integrated imaging (II) high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) probe intended as an improvement to the Ablatherm prostate cancer treatment. Because of a perforation in the center of the II probe, the expected lesion differs from the one obtained for the original Ablatherm probe. In this ...
Peñarrocha Diago Miguel - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: In periapical surgery, the absence of standardization between different studies makes it difficult to compare the outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the healing classification of different authors and evaluate the prognostic criteria of periapical surgery at 12 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 278 patients (101 men and 177 women) with a ...
Akincibay Hakan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The use of antibiotics as an adjunctive therapy in the management of periodontal diseases has always been of interest for dental practitioners. Although studies have demonstrated the importance of different antibiotics as adjunct in the treatment of periodontitis, few studies have reported comparative results of antibiotics in localized aggressive ...
Paolantonio Michele - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The main therapeutic approach for periodontal diseases is mechanical treatment of root surfaces via scaling and root planing (SRP). Multicenter clinical trials have demonstrated that the adjunctive use of a chlorhexidine (CHX) chip is effective in improving clinical results compared to SRP alone. However, some recent studies failed to ...
Rotstein Ilan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the opinions of dental professionals working within the Delta Dental insurance system regarding the predictability of initial endodontic treatment, expected long-term outcome and the importance of placing a coronal coverage after completion of treatment. METHODS: An eight-item questionnaire was distributed among participants attending a continuing education course. ...
Cohen Tzeela - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with subungual melanoma (SM) often experience delayed diagnosis and present with deep primary lesions. Breslow depth of the primary lesion is often unknown before definitive resection, thus complicating treatment planning. METHODS: Patients with SM treated at our institution from 1992 to 2004 were identified from our prospective melanoma ...
Rossberg Matthias - - 2008
Connective tissue grafts (CTGs) are generally viewed as the most successful technique for root coverage. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the long-term clinical and patient-centered esthetic results of the envelope technique for CTG. Thirty-nine defects in 20 patients (22 to 57 years of age; mean 37.8 ...
Doruk Cenk - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare oral and nasal malodor in patients with and without cleft lip and palate (CLP) who had undergone orthodontic therapy. SETTING: University of Cumhuriyet, Sivas, Turkey. PATIENTS: The study included 33 patients. Group 1 was composed of 11 patients with CLP. Measurements were taken while they were undergoing ...
Chaturvedi Rashi
<b>Background:</b> Microbial colonization of the barrier membranes used for guided tissue regeneration is inevitable and can lead to delayed healing. <b> Aims:</b> Antimicrobial coating of the membrane with 25&#x0025; doxycycline paste has been attempted to prevent infection and achieve enhanced regeneration in periodontal infrabony defects. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> Twenty-four ...
Singh Sukhdeep
<b>Aims: </b> The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of improved periodontal health on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) patients who have generalized periodontitis. <b> Materials and Methods :</b> A total of 45 type 2 DM patients with generalized periodontitis were selected ...
Closs Luciane Q - - 2008
Aim: To assess the occurrence, extension, and severity of gingival margin alterations in a sample of youth after orthodontic treatment. Methods: Records from 209 Caucasian adolescents (118 female and 91 male) before and after orthodontic treatment were selected. Patients presented a mean age at the beginning of orthodontic treatment of ...
Sevinc Alper - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is a common but nonspecific test that is often used as an indicator of active disease. Infection of dental origin may be responsible for a number of cases in unresolved elevated ESR and fever etiology. Dental sepsis is the one of the potential causes ...
Balevi Ben - - 2008
DESIGN: This was a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in a dental hospital. INTERVENTION: Resin-bonded fixed partial dentures (RBFPD) or removable partial dentures (RPD) were compared. The RBFPD restored 1 occlusal unit, up to but not beyond the second premolar, by means of single pontics cantilevered from single abutments whenever possible. ...
Zurn Derek - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to compare light-cured calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) with diluted formocresol (FC) for its success as a primary molar pulpotomy medicament METHODS: Selection criteria included at least 2 matching, asymptomatic, contralateral primary molars requiring vital pulpotomies. Matched teeth in each patient were randomized to ...
Aminabadi Naser Asl - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Pulpotomy of primary incisors is a serious challenge due to the lack of a distinct boundary between the coronal and the radicular pulp and the inaccuracy of the clinical indication criteria. The aim of the present study is the clinical and radiographic evaluation of pulpotomy versus root canal therapy ...
Tripuraneni S C - - 2008
This study was conducted to evaluate the genotoxicity of nickel-chromium (Ni-Cr) base metal alloys in their reused state at different time intervals. Two commercially available Ni-Cr alloys (Wiron 99, remanium Cse) were evaluated. Three groups of alloy specimens (disks 3 mm x 5 mm) were fabricated from each of these ...
Schwarz Frank - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present case series was to evaluate the 2-year results obtained following treatment of peri-implantitis lesions using either a nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (NHA) or a natural bone mineral in combination with a collagen membrane (NBM+CM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients suffering from moderate peri-implantitis (n=22 intra-bony defects) ...
Hassan Suzan M - - 2008
This study was conducted to evaluate different regimens of 0.12% chlohexidine (CHX) rinse on the salivary parameters and Mutans Streptococci (MS) for a group of Egyptians. Twenty one females were recruited based on inclusive exclusive criteria. They were assigned to three different groups according to the CHX regimen specified. Salivary ...
Tanaka Orlando Motohiro - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this report is to present the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment planning strategy in the presence of an open gingival embrasure between the maxillary central incisors. BACKGROUND: The open gingival embrasure or "black triangle" is a visible triangular space in the cervical region of the maxillary incisors. ...
Ozer F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and histopathological characteristics of antrochoanal polyps (ACPs) and to perform a comparative analysis of surgical techniques in terms of recurrence. METHODS: The clinical, radiological and histopathological features of 42 patients with a diagnosis of ACP who underwent surgery in ...
Paolantonio M - - 2008
The main therapeutic approaches for inflammatory periodontal diseases include the mechanical treatment of root surfaces. Multi-center clinical trials have demonstrated that the adjunctive use of a chlorhexidine (CHX) chip is effective in improving clinical results compared to scaling and root planing (SRP) alone. However, some recent studies failed to confirm ...
Groselj Dusan - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of our work was to predict the clinical response of Crohn's disease (CD) patients to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) treatment by dental, periodontal, and oral mucosa parameters. METHODOLOGY: In 5 patients with luminal CD and in 9 patients with fistulizing CD, oral symptoms and signs before drug ...
Yen C Alec - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents inhibit the production of cyclooxygenase (COX) products and can attenuate bone loss. In this double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial, the efficacy of celecoxib (COX-2 inhibitor) was evaluated in conjunction with scaling and root planing (SRP) in subjects with chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: A total of 131 ...
Naito Toru - - 2008
DESIGN: This was a randomised controlled trial (RCT). INTERVENTION: Root-end resection and preparation with a round dental bur was compared with the use of ultrasonic diamond coated retro-tips. OUTCOME MEASURE: Treatment was considered a success when the radiological and clinical criteria listed (Table 1) were met. RESULTS: Out of a ...
Shirakata Yoshinori - - 2008
Regeneration of lost periodontium is the ultimate goal of periodontal therapy. Bone grafts, guided tissue regeneration, and application of growth factors are used for periodontal regeneration. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a new, injectable calcium phosphate bone cement (CPC) in human periodontal intrabony defects. Thirty subjects ...
Alves Patrícia V M - - 2008
The purpose of this article is to report a protocol for treating an orthodontic patient with a high risk of developing caries. The salivary level of Streptococcus mutans was evaluated during various stages of orthodontic treatment. It was significantly high before professional application of 1% chlorhexidine collagen gel, daily mouth ...
Neeraja R - - 2008
Objectives: Treating a carious tooth in children with high caries experience by providing a restoration does not cure the disease. If the unfavorable oral environment that caused the cavity persists so will the disease and more restorations will be required in future. Treating the oral infection by reducing the number ...
Novak M John - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that host modulation therapy (HMT) or topical antimicrobial therapy (TAT) provided significant adjunctive benefits to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis (CP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate a combination therapy involving SRP, HMT, and TAT in the treatment ...
Duarte Fabio de Freitas Fde - - 2008
The aim of this randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a biodegradable chlorhexidine chip as an adjunctive therapy to scaling and root planing. Eleven consecutive patients with aggressive periodontitis were recruited for this study. Each volunteer provided four sites with probing depth > or = 5 ...
Ozcelik Onur - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate post-operative pain, wound healing and clinical results after the application of an enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD) alone or combined with a low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for the treatment of deep intra-bony defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was ...
Mahajan Ajay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate acellular dermal matrix (ADM) graft in terms of patient satisfaction and its effectiveness and efficiency in the treatment of gingival recession. METHODS: Fourteen patients (seven males and seven females) with Miller Class I and II recessions > or =3 mm ...
Rocha Maria José de Carvalho - - 2007
The present study aimed to verify the factors that interfere with the success of endodontic treatment of traumatized primary teeth as well as to determine the success level of the proposed treatment, through survival analysis. The research was conducted through the analysis of dental traumatism records and attached radiological exams ...
Kyle Robert A - - 2007
This review of the plasma-cell disorders begins with the definition of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). The prevalence of MGUS in white and black populations is described. MGUS is a common finding in the medical practice of all physicians, and thus it is important to both the patient and ...
Crescini Aldo - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the periodontal variables of impacted maxillary canines that were treated with a combined surgical and orthodontic approach aimed at reproducing the physiologic eruption pattern of canines. Twenty-five patients who presented with unilateral impacted maxillary canines were consecutively enrolled (age range, 13.2 to ...
Canakçi Cenk Fatih - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The authors assessed the levels of postoperative pain, postoperative dentin hypersensitivity and discomfort patients experienced during various periodontal treatments by using a visual analog scale (VAS). They aimed to determine whether VAS scores could be predicted by patient's age and sex and to evaluate the factors associated with the ...
Tuna D - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) when used as a pulp capping material in primary teeth. METHODOLOGY: Clinical follow-up was performed on 25 symmetrical pairs of primary molars with deep occlusal caries, in 25 patients between the ages of 5 and 8 years. Pulps exposed during ...
Ishimoto Shin-ichi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the moisture checker (MucusIII), a new device for measuring moisture of the oral submucosa. METHODS: Defective salivary secretion was induced by sialoadenectomy (n=8), while the remaining five guinea pigs underwent sham surgery (control group). We measured the unstimulated salivary flow rate, wetness of ...
Slotte Christer - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study the 5-year outcome of combined use of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) barriers and bovine bone in advanced periodontal defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In each of 24 patients, one defect was surgically exposed, debrided, filled with bovine bone, and covered with a bioresorbable barrier. Re-examinations were made after ...
M Shaddox Luciana - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Additional clinical benefits have been reported with the use of locally delivered antimicrobials in the treatment of smokers; however, long-term changes in the subgingival microbiota following the use of these drugs in smokers have not been documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term microbiologic changes following ...
Checchi Luigi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this single-blind clinical study was to evaluate the efficacy of an innovative manual toothbrush versus a traditional one. METHODS: The toothbrushes were randomly assigned to 30 volunteers in a student population of the Dental School of the University of Bologna, Italy, divided into 15 test and ...
Wiegand Annette - - 2007
PURPOSE: This in vitro study evaluated the effects of toothpaste fluoridation and toothpaste plus gel fluoridation and influence of the time period of fluoride gel application on the microhardness of bleached enamel. METHODS: Ninety bovine enamel samples were distributed among nine groups (A-I), each having 10 samples. Half of each ...
Conner Deborah A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of root canal treatment in private practice and filled with Resilon. Immediate postoperative radiographs were compared to follow-up radiographs of at least 1 year in 82 randomly selected primary endodontic cases treated according to a nonstandardized protocol but root-filled ...
Kara C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare oral improvement achieved by different periodontal therapies (surgical and non-surgical) for different aetiological factors induced gingival overgrowth in 60 subjects (mean age +/- SD = 12.33 +/- 1.05 years; age range = 12-15 years). METHODS: Subjects received oral hygiene instructions, ...
Demirci Mustafa - - 2008
This study evaluated the 5-year clinical performance of polyacid-modified resin composite, Dyract (DeTrey/Dentsply, Konstanz, Germany), restorations in class V carious lesions. Ninety-two class V carious lesions in 28 patients were restored with Dyract. Restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline, 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year recalls and were evaluated according ...
Dastoor Sarosh F - - 2007
Along with conventional surgical therapy, systemic antibiotics may provide more effective treatment in smokers by targeting tissue-invasive bacteria. The aim of this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-masked clinical trial was to evaluate the adjunctive effects of systemic azithromycin (AZM) in combination with periodontal pocket reduction surgery in the treatment of chronic periodontitis ...
Gaspirc Boris - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the long-term clinical outcomes of erbium-doped:yttrium, aluminum, and garnet (Er:YAG) laser-assisted periodontal flap surgery versus conventional treatment with the modified Widman flap procedure. METHODS: A total of 146 single-rooted periodontally involved teeth from 25 patients were included in ...
Cortellini P - - 2007
Many scientific data show that periodontal regeneration is an effective and predictable procedure for the treatment of isolated and multiple intrabony defects. Meta-analyses from systematic reviews show a clinical advantage in terms of clinical attachment level gain when demineralized freeze dried bone allograft, barrier membranes and amelogenins are applied in ...
Li Zhimei - - 2007
Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) has been shown to facilitate wound healing by stimulating fibroblast proliferation and angiogenesis. It has also been reported to possess a powerful anti-apoptotic function This study compared the histological pulp responses to aFGF on collagen carrier and Ca(OH)(2) placed on the mechanically exposed dental pulp ...
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