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Results 351 - 400 of 1570
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Beer Jürgen J Department of Dermatology, Division of General Dermatology, Medical University of Vienna, - - 2011
The aim of this study was to calculate the horizontal growth rate of melanoma in vivo and to correlate it with morphologic findings. We searched our database for melanomas for which sequential dermatoscopic images and histopathologic slides were available. The final sample consisted of 50 melanomas of 48 patients (mean ...
van de Laar Arnold - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bariatric results expressed in the relative measure excess weight loss (%EWL) vary significantly by initial body mass index (BMI): the heavier the patient, the lower the %EWL. We examine if this variation is caused by using a wrong outcome measure and argue that no relative weight loss measure can ...
Dantas Roberto Oliveira - - 2011
Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obesity; however, after surgery the patient may have difficulty in swallowing liquid and solid foods. To evaluate liquid ingestion in patients who had undergone bariatric surgery. We studied 43 volunteers with normal body mass index (BMI) (BMI: 18.5-24.9 kg/m²), 55 subjects with class ...
Sekino Yusuke - - 2011
A 19-year-old Japanese male with a BMI of 55.4 kg/m(2) who also had liver dysfunction, dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia underwent repeated intragastric balloon therapy. The percent excess weight loss was 22.5% at the first balloon removal and 28.6% at the second balloon removal. The hepatic dysfunction resolved after the second balloon ...
Fareed Jawed - - 2011
The prevention of venous thromboembolism has been identified as a leading priority in hospital safety. Recommended parenteral anticoagulant agents with different indications for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism include unfractionated heparin, low-molecular-weight heparins and fondaparinux. Prescribing decisions in venous thromboembolism management may seem complex due to the large ...
Alam Mahboob - - 2011
There is conflicting data regarding the impact of obesity on morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Retrospective cohort analysis of patients who underwent CABG from January 1, 1995, through July 31, 2010 was performed. Patients were classified as obese or non-obese (body mass index ...
Firmansyah Agus - - 2011
Bifidobacterium longum (BL999), Lactobacillus rhamonosus (LPR), prebiotics (inulin and fructo-oligosaccharides), and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are believed to have health benefits. In a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial we compared growth and development of toddlers fed milk containing synbiotics (BL999, LPR, and prebiotics) and LCPUFA or a control milk. Three ...
Ghotbi Nastaran - - 2011
The Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) is a clinical instrument for measuring spasticity. Few studies have been performed on the reliability of the MMAS. The aim of the present study was to investigate the intrarater reliability of the MMAS for the assessment of spasticity in the lower limb. We conducted ...
Shiehmorteza M - - 2011
sBesides its hematopoietic effects, erythropoietin (EPO) by mobilization of iron and modulation of some inflammatory cytokines has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate these effects of erythropoietin and its impact on organ function in traumatized patients. Twenty-six ICU-admitted traumatized patients within 24 hrs after ...
Dhesi Pavittarpaul - - 2011
Obesity is a risk factor for heart failure (HF) and associated with poor outcomes after cardiac transplantation. We assessed change in total body weight, morbidity and mortality in obese heart failure patients after implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) compared to medical management. Nineteen patients (9 females, age ...
Smith Carter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Stenosis of the gastrojejunostomy after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a common occurrence. We have previously presented data demonstrating that the use of a 25-mm circular stapler results in a decreased incidence of stenosis compared to the results of a 21-mm circular stapler (6.2 vs. 15.9%, P = 0.03). One potential ...
Stroh Christine - - 2011
Background. Gastric banding (GB) is a common bariatric procedure that is performed worldwide. Weight loss can be substantial after this procedure, but it is not sufficient in a significant portion of patients. Long-term rates for associated complications increase with every year of follow up, and only a few long-term studies ...
Ashton Kathleen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Binge eating disorder has been suggested as a predictor of negative outcomes, including weight regain and poorer weight loss, particularly if the symptoms (e.g., loss of control eating) remain after surgery. Binge eating disorder has been viewed by some as a contraindication for weight loss surgery, and preoperative treatment ...
Luley Claus - - 2010
AIMS: We evaluate the efficacy of the "Active Body Control (ABC) Program" for weight reduction in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The ABC program combines telemonitoring of the physical activity with a low-calorie diet also preferring carbohydrates with low glycemic indexes. In this 6-month, randomized, clinical trial 35 patients ...
Almeida Fernando G - - 2010
Study Type - Diagnostic (case series)‚Ä®Level of Evidence 4 OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between ultrasound-estimated bladder weight (UEBW) in patients with different degrees of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). METHODS: We evaluated 50 consecutive non-neurogenic male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) referred to urodynamic study (UDS). All patients self-answered ...
Stimac Davor - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The intragastric balloon is a widely used method in the treatment of obesity indicated for those patients who have failed to achieve and maintain the weight loss with conventional measures or for preparation of patients who are candidates for bariatric surgery. METHODS: From April 2007 to April 2009, 171 ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2011
Although probing dry-weight improves blood pressure control, its effect on echocardiographic left ventricular mass index (LVMI) is unknown. Shortly following dialysis, 292 echocardiograms in 150 patients participating in the DRIP trial were obtained at baseline and longitudinally every 4 weeks on 2 occasions. At baseline, LVMI was 136.3 g/m(2) in ...
Lee Seung-Yup - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate weight gain and its potential risk factors among different second generation antipsychotics (SGAs). The study was conducted for Korean inpatients with schizophrenia in a university hospital in Seoul, between Jan 2000 and Dec 2007. Data were collected by reviewing the medical records ...
Berkowitz Robert I - - 2011
Use of meal replacements (MRs) in lifestyle modification programs (LMPs) for obese adults significantly increases weight loss, compared with prescription of an isocaloric conventional diet (CD). This 12-month randomized trial examined 113 obese adolescents (mean ± s.d. age of 15.0 ± 1.3 years and BMI of 37.1 ± 5.1 kg/m2) ...
Messier S P - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of high weight loss on knee joint loads during walking in participants with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Data were obtained from a subset of participants enrolled in the Arthritis, Diet, and Activity Promotion Trial (ADAPT). Complete baseline and 18-month follow-up data ...
Hocaoglu Yasemin - - 2010
To determine the impact of previous inguinal mesh hernia repair (IMHR) on the performance of subsequent open radical retropubic prostatectomy (ORRP). A total of 1466 patients underwent ORRP for clinically localized prostate cancer from 2004 to 2008; 51 patients (3.5%) presented with a history of IMHR. Body-mass index (BMI), perioperative ...
Moghaddasi Mehdi - - 2010
After Sub-Thalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation (STN-DBS), an effective treatment for Parkinson disease patients, weight gain has been observed. As this method of treatment is only in use since two years in Iran, no information regarding its side effects (including weight gain) existed thus far. We conducted this study to ...
Saruç Murat - - 2010
Background/aims: The treatment of morbid obesity by intragastric balloon (BioEnterics) placement is a safe and effective procedure. Cultural, social and economical factors are known to have an impact on the outcome of therapeutic interventions. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of this method on weight loss and long-term outcome ...
Zheng Min-Hua - - 2010
This study aimed to assess the feasibility and long-term outcome of laparoscopic total mesorectal excision for middle and lower rectal cancer. Retrospective assessment was performed on 612 patients with middle and low rectal cancer in the surgery department of our hospital. Three-hundred and three patients underwent laparoscopic total mesorectal excision ...
Shi Yulong - - 2010
In order to compare the effects of Bassini and tension-free mesh hernioplasty, a total of 552 patients with inguinal hernia who were subjected to surgical treatment in our hospital were randomly divided into the following two groups: the Bassini group (n = 269) and the tension-free mesh group (n = ...
Abu Dayyeh Barham K BK Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2011
Weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with reductions in health status and quality of life. We evaluated whether gastrojejunal stoma diameter is a risk factor for weight regain after RYGB. We examined data collected over 4 years from consecutive patients referred to a tertiary care bariatric center ...
Jagannathan Narasimhan - - 2011
The air-Q Intubating Laryngeal Airway (ILA) (Cookgas LLC, Mercury Medical, Clearwater, FL) is a supraglottic airway device available in pediatric sizes, with design features to facilitate passage of cuffed tracheal tubes when used to guide tracheal intubation. We designed this prospective observational study of the ILA to assess the ease ...
Topart Philippe - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Only limited data are available for assessing the medium and long-term outcomes after bariatric surgery. We report our own long-term results after biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS). METHODS: The data from 51 patients with a theoretical ≥5-year follow-up were reviewed after BPD-DS performed from February 2002 to October ...
Thomas J Graham JG Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and The Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. - - 2011
Successful weight loss after bariatric surgery depends on the patient's adherence to prescribed eating and physical activity behaviors. However, few studies have assessed patients' adherence to the behavioral recommendations and most have used retrospective self-report measures. The present study is the first to use ecological momentary assessment (EMA) via a ...
Crowley Nina - - 2011
Patients presenting for gastric bypass surgery often demonstrate binge eating behaviors. The present study sought to determine whether binge eating triggers are predictive of weight loss outcomes in bariatric surgery patients at 6 months postoperatively in the setting of a university hospital. A total of 48 patients presenting for gastric ...
Collins Joy - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Superobesity, through organomegaly, excessive adiposity, and associated severe co-morbidities, is a recognized risk factor for bariatric surgery. Our study examined the utility of preoperative weight loss with a liquid low-calorie diet (LCD) as a method of risk reduction. METHODS:: All patients with a body mass index (BMI) >50 kg/m(2) ...
Conroy Rushika - - 2011
We examined the effect of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on weight loss, inflammatory markers, and components of the Metabolic Syndrome (MeS) in morbidly obese adolescents and determined if those with MeS lose less weight post-LAGB than those without. Data from 14-18 yr adolescents were obtained at baseline, 6 and 12 months ...
Brown Shaun R - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the biological environment of the esophageal hiatus through analysis of the collagen content within the gastrohepatic ligament (GHL), gastrophrenic ligament (GPL), and phrenoesophageal ligament (PEL) in patients with type I hiatal hernias (HH) and type III paraesophageal hernias (PEH). A control group ...
Diao Mei - - 2011
Laparoscopic hepatojejunostomy (LH) for children with choledochal cysts (CDC) has been gaining popularity recently. However, its safety and efficacy remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intermediate-term results of LH for CDC children. We reviewed 218 patients who underwent LH between October 2001 and October 2009 ...
Bansal Virinder Kumar - - 2011
After the first report of laparoscopic incisional and ventral hernia repair (LIVHR) in 1993, several studies have proven its efficacy over open method. Among the technical issues, the technique of mesh fixation to the abdominal wall is still an area of debate. This prospective randomized study was done to compare ...
Poon Jensen T C - - 2011
Both laparoscopic colectomy and application of enhanced recovery program (ERP) in open colectomy have been demonstrated to enable early recovery and to shorten hospital stay. This study evaluated the impact of ERP on results of laparoscopic colectomy and comparison was made with the outcomes of patients prior to the application ...
Irani Katayun - - 2011
Studies reporting the revisionary options for weight loss failure after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) have been complex, underpowered, and lacking long-term data. We have previously shown that short-term (12-month) weight loss is achievable with laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) for failed RYGB. To report the midterm outcomes of LAGB after ...
Adibe Obinna O - - 2011
The pediatric appendicitis score (PAS) has been used as a diagnostic tool for the assessment of acute abdominal pain. Our institution has utilized this scoring system as part of a clinical pathway for acute appendicitis. We sought to discover if the PAS could also serve as a prognostic indicator. Patients ...
Bevis P M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Incisional herniation is a common complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. This study investigated whether prophylactic mesh placement could reduce the rate of postoperative incisional hernia after open repair of AAA. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was undertaken in three hospitals. Patients undergoing elective open AAA repair were ...
Pajecki Denis - - 2010
To evaluate the outcome of the surgical treatment of morbidly obese patients by Adjustable Gastric Banding (ABG) followed in a multidisciplinary clinic. We studied 20 patients with BMI ranging from 36.6 to 72 kg/m2 (X = 47.51 + / - 6.1) and aged between 36 to 60 years, undergoing placement ...
Yetim I - - 2010
have been a few reports about the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in the elderly patients. The aim of this study was to assess if morbidity and mortality may be increased in the geriatric patients because of high incidence of co-morbidity. From November 2000 to January 2009, 146 patients aged ...
Ray James B - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Although laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been increasing in popularity, controversy is ongoing in regard to its efficacy, safety and durability. Particular concern exists now that this technique is being adapted in the community setting. We report a single surgeon's experience of LAGB in a community practice serving ...
Wijeyekoon Sanjaya Prabhath - - 2010
Parastomal herniation is a frequent complication of stoma formation and can be difficult to repair satisfactorily, making it a recognized cause of significant morbidity. A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials was performed to determine the benefits and risks of mesh reinforcement versus conventional stoma formation in preventing ...
Rawlins M Logan - - 2011
Weight loss failure after proximal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) occurs in ≤35% of cases. No consensus has been reached on the best revisional operation for these patients. Our objective was to review our data on the conversion to distal gastric bypass at a university-affiliated private practice in the United States. ...
Grommes J - - 2010
Reinforcement of the abdominal wall with alloplastic mesh material in incisional hernia repair is well established. To avoid dislocation and migration of the prostheses, mesh fixation is recommended. However, there seems to be a correlation between postoperative pain and mesh fixation. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether mesh fixation is necessary ...
Di Vita Gaetano - - 2010
The aim of the study was to analyze the acute inflammatory response after implantation of a heavyweight mesh of polypropylene (PP) compared with a composite mesh of light PP and polyglactin 910 (PG) in patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty. A total of 30 male patients with inguinal hernia were included in ...
Subhas Gokulakkrishna - - 2010
Tension-free, open-mesh, inguinal herniorrhaphies have gained wide acceptance. Current mesh techniques reinforcing the internal ring do not provide a comfortable lay to the mesh. To address this, we used the internal ring occlusion and floor support (IROFS) technique. A retrospective review was undertaken of all hernias operated on with the ...
Stein Robert J - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Laparoendoscopic single site surgery (LESS) is a novel technique for performing a variety of procedures including Urological upper tract reconstructive surgery. As of now few studies have compared perioperative factors ...
Dapri Giovanni - - 2011
Repeat sleeve gastrectomy (re-SG) and the addition of the duodenal switch (DS) are possible options to increase weight loss after isolated SG (ISG). We report the feasibility, safety, and outcomes of laparoscopic re-SG versus DS in patients presenting with insufficient weight loss or weight regain after ISG. From November 2003 ...
Lalla Marianna - - 2011
To investigate the biomechanical, histological and biochemical properties of rabbit urethra at long-term follow up after hypospadias simulation and acute repair. Thirty-eight white New Zealand male rabbits underwent experimental creation of a hypospadias-like defect and acute repair (mobilization and advancement, tubularized incised posterior urethral plate (TIP), modified TIP) and sham ...
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