Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1568
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Nikolic Marko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin and leptin recently emerged as the most influential neuroendocrine factors in the pathophysiology of obesity. The said peptides act in reciprocity and are responsible for regulation of appetite and energy metabolism. Intragastric balloons acquired worldwide popularity for obesity treatment. However, the roles of ghrelin and leptin in intragastric ...
Nishiyama Tomoki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has a lot of problems in anesthesia. We retrospectively compared anesthesia for bariatric surgery in yellow race with that in normal weight patients. METHODS: Twenty patients who received bariatric surgery and 20 normal body weight patients who received abdominal surgery in Japan were enrolled. Induction condition, depth ...
Cuerda Cristina - - 2011
Weight gain is an undesirable side effect of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). We performed this study to examine the influence of SGAs on resting energy expenditure (REE) and the relationship of REE to weight gain in adolescent patients. Antipsychotic-naïve or quasi-naïve (<72 h of exposure to antipsychotics) adolescent patients taking olanzapine, ...
Koizumi Masaru - - 2011
Esophagectomy after gastric reconstruction leads to significant weight loss. Ghrelin is known to stimulate appetite and cause weight increase. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship of serum ghrelin levels and weight loss in patients after esophagectomy for cancer. Twenty-two patients underwent esophagectomy including gastric reconstruction. Serum ...
Levy Sergio - - 2011
After massive weight loss (MWL), patients are known to experience significant improvement in obesity-associated comorbid conditions and metabolic disturbances, but almost two-thirds of them require reconstructive body-contouring surgery. The authors present an anatomic study of surgical pieces obtained from 28 patients (17 women and 11 men) during torsoplasty and abdominoplasty ...
Bonny Andrea E - - 2011
To examine whether early weight gain in adolescents on depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) predicts continued excessive weight gain and identify risk factors of early weight gain. Adolescents (n=97) initiating DMPA were eligible to participate. Height and weight were assessed at baseline and at 6, 12, and 18 months. Early weight ...
Testori Christoph - - 2011
AIM: Body mass index (BMI) may influence the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and may influence prognosis after cardiac arrest. To review the direct effect of obesity on outcome after cardiac arrest, the following cohort study was conducted. METHODS: This study based on a cardiac arrest registry comprising all adult patients ...
Iversen P - - 2011
The aim of the study was to compare the onset, incidence and frequency/intensity of hot flushes during androgen-deprivation therapy with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH) blocker versus an agonist using data from a randomized Phase 3 clinical trial. In total, 610 prostate cancer patients received monthly degarelix (s.c., 240/80 mg, n=207, ...
Smietański M - - 2011
This prospective randomised study evaluated whether non-knitted and non-woven lightweight implants can influence postoperative pain and time of return to normal activity, without increasing the recurrence rate in Lichtenstein inguinal hernioplasty. Patients were operated on in four centres, randomised blindly into two groups with respect to the mesh used: Surgimesh ...
Miller Gary D - - 2011
A number of proteins secreted from adipose tissue, known as adipokines, are involved in the inflammatory process. The expression and secretion of adipokines are altered with obesity, leading to a pro-inflammatory state, with an enhanced vascular immune response. Although weight loss reduces inflammation, the time course for these changes during ...
Tibesku Carsten O - - 2011
PURPOSE: The objective of this prospective, randomized, patient- and observer-blinded study was to analyze, in vivo, the knee joint kinematics in the sagittal plane in a patient population that had received either a fixed or a mobile TKA. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (57 knees) were evaluated by means of fluoroscopy during ...
Woelnerhanssen Bettina - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) lead to rapid improvement in insulin sensitivity even before weight loss occurs. Adipokines are closely linked to obesity and insulin resistance. To date, it is unclear whether the different anatomic changes of the various bariatric procedures have different effects ...
Stephen L J - - 2011
Pregabalin (PGB) was licensed in Europe as an add-on antiepileptic drug (AED) for the treatment of partial-onset seizures in 2004. This audit assessed the response to adjunctive PGB in patients with uncontrolled seizures. PGB was titrated in 135 patients [73 men; 62 women, aged 18-76 (median 44 years) until one ...
Changchien Eric M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is the primary cause of death in the United States, with obesity as a leading preventable risk factor. Previous studies have established the beneficial effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on both weight and cardiac risk factors. Further assessment of cardiac function may be accomplished using B-type ...
Brethauer Stacy A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with a chronic low-grade inflammatory state, insulin resistance, and endothelial dysfunction, all of which contribute to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that gastric bypass would produce rapid improvements in endothelial function, reduce inflammation, and lead to a decrease in cardiovascular risk. METHODS: We performed ...
Chao Hsun-Chin - - 2011
We, herein, report a male infant who presented with recurrent pyloric stricture after two surgeries (web excision and antropyloroplasty), which were done, respectively, at 5 days of age for congenital antral web and 6 months of age for the subsequent pyloric stricture. The patient suffered from anorexia, progressed vomiting, and ...
Roland Jason C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Sparse published data support the optimal surgical management of megaobesity (body mass index >70 kg/m(2)). The purpose of the present study was to compare laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (ORYGB) in megaobese patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 89 consecutive patients with ...
Lui Tun Hing - - 2011
PURPOSE: To study the efficacy and safety of the combined plantar plate tenodesis and extensor digitorum brevis transfer in correction of claw toe deformity. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2008, 11 patients (13 feet) underwent combined plantar plate tenodesis and EDB transfer for the correction of crossover second toe deformity. The ...
Chouillard Elie K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is gaining popularity as a procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Either as a first-stage procedure for superobese patients or as a definitive procedure, SG is becoming the first-choice bariatric procedure in France. Preliminary results have suggested that the ...
Anderson Jeffrey B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Poor growth is common in infants with a single ventricle. Lower weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) is associated with worse short-term outcome after bidirectional Glenn procedure. We sought to assess growth status at the time of the Fontan procedure and the effect of poor growth status on surgical outcomes. METHODS: This ...
Jankiewicz-Wika Joanna - - 2011
Introduction: Diet, exercise, and pharmacological therapy have been shown to be unsatisfactory treatments for severe obesity in the long term. Bariatric surgery is the most effective means to achieve weight loss in morbidly obese subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the action of a number of adipocytokines, ...
Méndez-Probst Carlos E - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: Studies have suggested that shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) stone fragmentation rates can be affected by characteristics of the fluid media surrounding the stone, although evidence to implicate the impact of urine specific gravity (SG) is limited and inconclusive. Our aim is to further explore the impact fluid ...
Pinto R A - - 2011
Aim  To assess the feasibility and outcomes of reoperative laparoscopic-assisted surgery for recurrent Crohn's disease compared with index laparoscopic resections. Method  A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database was performed from 2001 to 2008 on patients who had primary laparoscopy (group I) or reoperative laparoscopy for Crohn's disease (group ...
Abraham William T - - 2011
Congest Heart Fail. The relative sensitivity and unexplained detection rate of changes in intrathoracic impedance has not been compared with standard heart failure (HF) monitoring using daily weight changes. The Fluid Accumulation Status Trial (FAST) prospectively followed 156 HF patients with implanted cardioverter-defibrillator or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator devices modified ...
Goel Kashish - - 2011
High cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index (BMI) are associated with decreased mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. Our objective was to determine the joint impact of fitness and adiposity measures on all-cause mortality in this subgroup. Coronary artery disease patients (n = 855) enrolled in the Mayo Clinic ...
McCalden R W - - 2011
We evaluated the outcome of primary total hip replacement (THR) in 3290 patients with the primary diagnosis of osteoarthritis at a minimum follow-up of two years. They were stratified into categories of body mass index (BMI) based on the World Health Organisation classification of obesity. Statistical analysis was carried out ...
Seon Jong-Keun - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare in vivo kinematics, range of motion, and functional outcomes in patients that received either a high-flexion cruciate retaining or a high-flexion cruciate substituting knee. METHODS: Forty-eight high-flexion cruciate retaining (CR) and 47 high-flexion cruciate substituting (PS) knees were included in this ...
Bajić Stevan - - 2011
Objectives: To determine the incidence and outcome of aortic valve regurgitation (AR) following the percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Background: Aortic valve regurgitation is an overlooked consequence of percutaneous PDA closure. Methods: Between December 2000 and May 2009, 51 children underwent percutaneous closure of PDA using Amplatzer Duct ...
Breene R A L - - 2011
As most children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) achieve long-term survival, minimising late effects of treatment is a priority. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia survivors treated historically with protocols including cranial irradiation demonstrate increased weight gain. We retrospectively studied all 134 patients treated on the MRC/UKALL97 protocol (without cranial irradiation as standard ...
Torcivia Adriana - - 2011
Early post-operative pain after inguinal hernia repair delays management in ambulatory setting. The type of mesh used for repair appears to influence their incidence. The aim of this randomized, prospective study using the alternation principle was to compare post-operative early pain and the quality of life of patients operated on ...
Mirow N - - 2011
Cognitive decline is a well recognized complication after on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We investigated whether the design of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and the extent of perioperative heparinization have an impact on neurological dysfunction. Sixty-three CABG surgery patients were randomly perfused with an uncoated ECC-set (group A) or ...
Istanbulluoglu Mustafa Okan - - 2011
To evaluate the acute effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) on testicular germ cell apoptosis and the expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS), and Johnson's scores in testicular tissue. Twelve male pigs weighing 52 to 55 kg were divided into 2 groups as group 1 ...
Mirilas P - - 2011
Testes do ascend, but for unknown reasons. A testis may ascend through a patent processus vaginalis (PV). However, data for PV patency in acquired undescended testes (aUDT) are inconclusive. In this article, we aim to assess the sonographic PV diameter in boys with aUDT in comparison with normal group boys ...
Solomon Nancy Pearl - - 2011
Obesity may be associated with increased tissue bulk in the laryngeal airway, neck, and chest wall, and as such may affect vocal function. Eight obese and eight nonobese adults participated in this study; the obese participants underwent bariatric surgical procedures. This mixed-design study included cross-sectional analysis for group differences and ...
Pietrosimone Brian G - - 2011
The objective of this study was to assess the magnitude of quadriceps activation deficits in the involved extremity and contralateral extremity of patients with knee joint osteoarthritis (OA), as well as matched controls. An exhaustive search of the literature was performed using Web of Science between 1970 and February 24, ...
Campos Guilherme M - - 2011
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic gastric banding (LB) are the 2 most common operations used to treat morbid obesity, but few controlled comparative studies have reported perioperative and long-term outcomes. Two-cohort pair-matched study. Academic tertiary referral center. One hundred consecutive morbidly obese patients treated with LB were pair-matched ...
Pourmomeny Abbs Ali AA Department of Physiotherapy, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2011
Dyssynergic defecation does not respond appropriately to routine treatments for constipation. Recently, research has shown that biofeedback therapy is useful in anorectal dyssynergia. To compare two treatment modalities for patients experiencing dyssynergic defecation. Sixty-five subjects with dyssynergic defecation were recruited and randomly allocated to one of two treatment groups: balloon ...
Gadinsky Naomi E - - 2011
This study evaluates the effects of increased body mass index (BMI) on postoperative range of motion (ROM) and rate of manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in 391 primary TKAs. Range of motion and incidence of MUA were retrospectively collected and compared between 4 BMI groups (I, ...
Santos Marconi Eduardo Sousa Maciel - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To study weight loss, craniofacial changes, and respiratory quality among obese patients before and after bariatric surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS:: The obese group comprised 17 male and female patients aged between 18 and 60 years with body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m(2) who were scheduled to undergo bariatric surgery. ...
Wadden Thomas A - - 2011
Previous studies have suggested that binge eating disorder (BED) impairs weight loss following bariatric surgery, leading some investigators to recommend that patients receive behavioral treatment for this condition before surgery. However, many of these investigations had significant methodological limitations. The present observational study used a modified intention-to-treat (ITT) population to ...
Malone Margaret - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Preliminary data suggest that patients with actively treated depression should expect the same outcomes after surgery. The objective of this study was to compare weight loss 12 months after gastric bypass surgery in patients taking antidepressants before surgery (AD) versus those who were not (non-AD). METHODS: IRB approval was obtained. ...
Escamilla-Sevilla F - - 2011
Escamilla-Sevilla F, Pérez-Navarro MJ, Muñoz-Pasadas M, Sáez-Zea C, Jouma-Katati M, Piédrola-Maroto G, Ramírez-Navarro A, Mínguez-Castellanos A. Change of the melanocortin system caused by bilateral subthalamic nucleus stimulation in Parkinson's disease. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2010.01469.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objectives -  Determine whether bilateral subthalamic nucleus stimulation (STN-DBS) ...
Dantas Roberto Oliveira - - 2011
Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obesity; however, after surgery the patient may have difficulty in swallowing liquid and solid foods. To evaluate liquid ingestion in patients who had undergone bariatric surgery. We studied 43 volunteers with normal body mass index (BMI) (BMI: 18.5-24.9 kg/m²), 55 subjects with class ...
Sekino Yusuke - - 2011
A 19-year-old Japanese male with a BMI of 55.4 kg/m(2) who also had liver dysfunction, dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia underwent repeated intragastric balloon therapy. The percent excess weight loss was 22.5% at the first balloon removal and 28.6% at the second balloon removal. The hepatic dysfunction resolved after the second balloon ...
Fareed Jawed - - 2011
The prevention of venous thromboembolism has been identified as a leading priority in hospital safety. Recommended parenteral anticoagulant agents with different indications for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism include unfractionated heparin, low-molecular-weight heparins and fondaparinux. Prescribing decisions in venous thromboembolism management may seem complex due to the large ...
Alam Mahboob - - 2011
There is conflicting data regarding the impact of obesity on morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Retrospective cohort analysis of patients who underwent CABG from January 1, 1995, through July 31, 2010 was performed. Patients were classified as obese or non-obese (body mass index ...
Firmansyah Agus - - 2011
Bifidobacterium longum (BL999), Lactobacillus rhamonosus (LPR), prebiotics (inulin and fructo-oligosaccharides), and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are believed to have health benefits. In a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial we compared growth and development of toddlers fed milk containing synbiotics (BL999, LPR, and prebiotics) and LCPUFA or a control milk. Three ...
van de Laar Arnold - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bariatric results expressed in the relative measure excess weight loss (%EWL) vary significantly by initial body mass index (BMI): the heavier the patient, the lower the %EWL. We examine if this variation is caused by using a wrong outcome measure and argue that no relative weight loss measure can ...
Stamou Sotiris C - - 2011
Numerous studies have documented an obesity paradox in which overweight and obese people with cardiovascular disease have a better prognosis compared with patients with normal body mass index (BMI). This study sought to quantify the effect of BMI on clinical outcomes after cardiac surgery and investigate the obesity paradox. A ...
Ghotbi Nastaran - - 2011
The Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) is a clinical instrument for measuring spasticity. Few studies have been performed on the reliability of the MMAS. The aim of the present study was to investigate the intrarater reliability of the MMAS for the assessment of spasticity in the lower limb. We conducted ...
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