Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1554
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Patil Seema A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic imaging is frequently used in Crohn's disease (CD) for diagnosis, evaluation of complications, and determination of response to treatment. Patients with CD are at risk for high radiation exposure in their lifetime. The aim of our study was to compare the effective dose of radiation in CD patients ...
Riis Ase - - 2012
Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) may need anti-inflammatory drugs for decades. Anti-TNF-α agents have good efficacy and adverse events similar to placebo in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), but there are still questions about long-term safety and efficacy. In this respect, reports from clinical practice may be useful. We currently report ...
Ramírez Julio - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of antibody-based biological therapies currently used in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) depends not only on their blocking effect on the targeted molecule but also on their binding affinity to genetically defined variants of cell-surface Fc-γ receptors. Our objective was to assess the potential influence of functionally relevant FCGR2A/CD32A ...
Leung P C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Type II diabetic patients easily develop ulcers over their feet which heal with great difficulties and not infrequently, end up in amputations. In the quest for innovative means to avoid amputation, herbal medicine has been used in China to heal ulcers. METHOD: A randomized placebo controlled clinical trial involving ...
Sakai Ryoko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between continuous treatments with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists and risk for developing serious infections (SIs) during three years in Japanese patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) enrolled in the Registry of Japanese RA Patients for Long-Term Safety (REAL) database. METHODS: We analyzed 727 RA patients who ...
Angel Kristin - - 2012
Premature arterial stiffening and atherosclerosis are increased in patients with inflammatory arthropathies such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The proinflammatory protein calprotectin is associated with inflammatory arthropathies, vascular pathology, and acute coronary events. We examined the long-term effects of treatment with tumor necrosis factor ...
Cheifetz A S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is an emerging field that compares the relative effectiveness of alternative strategies to prevent, diagnose, or treat patients who are typical of day-to-day practice. We developed a priority list of CER topics for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Following the Institute of Medicine's approach, we ...
Hurtado-Cordovi Jorge - - 2012
Inflammatory malignant fibrous histiocytoma (IMFH) associated with leukemoid reaction (LR)/leukocytosis is a rare entity. In this paper, we search PubMed for all known cases of IMFH associated with LR/leukocytosis in an attempt to draw conclusions about this variant's response to treatments and its pathophysiology. Medline electronic database was searched using ...
Reddy Jayaprakash Thirumala - - 2012
Aim: The aim is to compare and evaluate the airway dimension changes, adenoidal nasopharyngeal ratio (ANR), airway area and airway percentage in patients in pre- and postadenoidectomy with normal individuals. Materials and methods: After obtaining informed consent, a sample of 15 patients (eight males and seven females) of 7 to ...
Stewart Michael W - - 2012
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has become a major public health problem and a leading cause of blindness in industrialized nations. AMD results from the ageing eye's inability to metabolize and dispose completely of photoreceptor outer segments and other waste products. As a result, lipids, particularly apolipoproteins, accumulate within Bruch's membrane, ...
Jain Harsha - - 2012
Treatment of the cleft palate has evolved over a long period of time. Various techniques of cleft palate repair that are practiced today are the results of principles learned through many years of modifications. The challenge in the art of modern palatoplasty is no longer successful closure of the cleft ...
Gonzalez-Juanatey Carlos - - 2012
To determine whether treatment with the anti-TNF-alpha blocker adalimumab yields persistent improvement of endothelial function and prevents from morphological progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refractory to conventional therapy, a series of 34 consecutive RA patients, attending hospital outpatient clinics and who were switched from disease ...
Souza T F B TF Veterinary Medicine Faculty of Araçatuba, Department of Clinic, Surgery and Animal Reproduction, Araçatuba, SP, - - 2012
To evaluate bone healing in an experimental radial ostectomy in dogs treated with autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP), through histological, densitometric, radiographic studies, as well as expression of growth factors in the ostectomy gap. Twenty-one dogs were randomly divided into either a control or a PRP group. All underwent unilateral ostectomy ...
Bashinskaya Bronislava - - 2012
Osteoarthritis is a common indication for hip and knee arthroplasty. An accurate assessment of current trends in healthcare utilization as they relate to arthroplasty may predict the needs of a growing elderly population in the United States. First, incidence data was queried from the United States Nationwide Inpatient Sample from ...
Kasuya Hidetoshi H Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2012
With the wider use of CT and MRI, many meningiomas are discovered as incidental findings during diagnostic work-up for unrelated symptoms. The majority shows no or minimal growth. The purpose of this study was to distinguish pathological features of incidentally-found growing meningiomas by comparing incidentally-found with symptomatic meningiomas. One hundred ...
Szkaradkiewicz A K - - 2011
The study aimed at evaluation of IL-17 and TNF-α levels and at analysis of oral lactobacilli in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) in the context of their protective effect on a course of the disease. The study was conducted on 14 patients with moderate CP (group 1) and 14 patients ...
Macías Gallego Alfonso A Sección de Electrofisiología y Arritmias, Sociedad Española de Cardiología, Madrid - - 2011
The findings of the 2010 Spanish Catheter Ablation Registry are presented. Data were collected in two ways: retrospectively using a standardized questionnaire, and prospectively from a central database. Each participating center selected its own preferred method of data collection. Fifty-seven Spanish centers voluntarily contributed data to the survey. A total ...
Currò Giuseppe - - 2011
The development of incisional hernia after open bariatric surgery is a major cause of morbidity and hospital readmission. The use of prosthetic material in clean-contaminated procedures remains controversial and correlated to high rate of local complications. A prospective observational clinical study on two different surgical techniques used to close the ...
Conroy Molly B MB School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2011
Weight loss has been associated with higher physical activity (PA) levels and frequent dietary self-monitoring. Less is known about how PA self-monitoring affects adherence to PA goals, PA levels, and weight change. The SMART Trial is a clinical weight loss trial in which 210 overweight adults were randomized equally to ...
Martins Catia - - 2011
Appetite-regulating hormones seem to play an important role in weight loss after bariatric surgery. Less is known regarding long-term weight loss maintenance. The objective of the study was to evaluate ghrelin and obestatin levels following long-term weight loss achieved through bariatric surgery or a lifestyle intervention in morbidly obese patients. ...
Wysham C - - 2011
In the initial 26-week, double-blind, double-dummy assessment period of the DURATION-2 trial in patients with Type 2 diabetes on metformin, the once-weekly glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist exenatide once-weekly resulted in greater HbA(1c) improvement and weight reduction compared with maximum approved daily doses of sitagliptin or pioglitazone. This subsequent, ...
Odent Th - - 2011
Several models of scoliosis were developed in the past 10 years. In most of them, deformations are induced in old animals and required long time observation period and a chest wall ligation ± resection. The purpose of the study was to create a scoliosis model with a size similar to an early onset ...
Forteza Alberto A Unidad de Marfan, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, - - 2011
Marfan syndrome is an inherited disease of the connective tissue. Aortic rupture and dissection are the main causes of mortality in these patients. Recent trials have indicated the use of losartan (a transforming growth factor beta inhibitor) in these patients prevents aortic root enlargement. The aim of our clinical trial ...
Le-Bert George - - 2011
We sought to determine whether the protective role of the 'obesity paradox' was present among elderly obese patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) by median sternotomy. We retrospectively analyzed 1909 consecutive patients who underwent heart surgery between January 2006 and June 2009, and identified 396 patients who were ≥70 ...
Ko M W - - 2011
To determine whether weight gain is associated with recurrence in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Medical records of adult patients with IIH seen between 1993 and 2009 at 2 university hospitals were reviewed to identify those with and without recurrence. Patients with documented height and weight at presentation and at subsequent ...
Zaidi Ali N - - 2011
As the prevalence of obesity continues to increase, it now includes the growing number of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). This particular obese patient population may pose additional intraoperative as well as postoperative challenges that may contribute to poor outcomes. Our aims were to determine the influence of obesity ...
Melamies Marika A - - 2011
Objective-To compare recovery of epithelial lining fluid (ELF) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) by use of weight-adjusted or fixed-amount volumes of lavage fluid in dogs. Animals-13 healthy Beagles. Procedures-Dogs were allocated to 2 groups. In 1 group, the right caudal lung lobe was lavaged on the basis of each dog's ...
Yimcharoen Panot - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Significant weight regain occurs for 10% to 20% of patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Potential causative factors include anatomic abnormalities such as enlargement of the gastric pouch and gastrojejunostomy (GJ). This report describes endoscopic findings for patients referred for investigation of weight regain and presents the outcomes of ...
Sarno Giovanna - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on clinical outcome of patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents. Patients were stratified according to BMI as normal (<25 kg/m(2)), overweight (25 to 30 kg/m(2)), or obese (>30 kg/m(2)). At 5-year ...
Mallamaci Francesca - - 2011
Obesity may increase the risk for progression of CKD, but the effect of established renoprotective treatments in overweight and obese patients with CKD is unknown. In this post hoc analysis of the Ramipril Efficacy In Nephropathy (REIN) trial, we evaluated whether being overweight or obese influences the incidence rate of ...
Thomas Geraint E R - - 2011
The use of highly cross-linked polyethylene is now commonplace in total hip arthroplasty. Hip simulator studies and short-term in vivo measurements have suggested that the wear rate of highly cross-linked polyethylene is significantly less than that of conventional ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene. However, long-term data to support its use are ...
Brody Fred - - 2011
Abstract Background: One of the most common reasons for conversion in bariatric surgery is hepatomegaly caused by inadequate exposure of the proximal stomach. This study utilizes a novel nutritional supplement with a calorie-restricted diet to reduce liver volume preoperatively. Methods: A consecutive series of morbidly obese patients consumed a nutritional ...
Ehrsson Ylva Tiblom - - 2012
This retrospective single-institution cohort study aims to evaluate if therapeutic approach, tumour site, tumour stage, BMI, gender, age and civil status predict body weight loss and to establish the association between weight loss on postoperative infections and mortality. Consecutive patients with head and neck cancer were seen for nutritional control ...
Sensi Lorenzo - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to evaluate patellofemoral results in 2 comparable groups of 50 patients, men and women, undergoing total knee arthroplasty. The average follow-up was 6 years. The implant was posteriorly stabilized with a dome patellar arthroplasty. The patients were studied using Knee Society knee and functional ...
Sarhan Mohammad - - 2011
BACKGROUND: While some studies have shown that long-limb gastric bypass with Roux limb length of 150 to 200 cm can attain better weight loss outcomes in super-obese patients (BMI >50 kg/m(2)) than the standard limb gastric bypass with Roux limb length of 100 to 150 cm, other studies have not shown similar findings. ...
Jung N H - - 2011
We investigated the effect of BoNT/A injection on hip lateralisation in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy and bilateral adductor spasticity. Pelvic radiographs using Reimers' migration index (MI) were evaluated from 27 children (n=9 females, n=18 males; mean age 5.2±1.96 years; range: 2-10 years; initial MI <50%) with bilateral spastic ...
Nikolic Marko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin and leptin recently emerged as the most influential neuroendocrine factors in the pathophysiology of obesity. The said peptides act in reciprocity and are responsible for regulation of appetite and energy metabolism. Intragastric balloons acquired worldwide popularity for obesity treatment. However, the roles of ghrelin and leptin in intragastric ...
Nishiyama Tomoki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has a lot of problems in anesthesia. We retrospectively compared anesthesia for bariatric surgery in yellow race with that in normal weight patients. METHODS: Twenty patients who received bariatric surgery and 20 normal body weight patients who received abdominal surgery in Japan were enrolled. Induction condition, depth ...
Cuerda Cristina - - 2011
Weight gain is an undesirable side effect of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). We performed this study to examine the influence of SGAs on resting energy expenditure (REE) and the relationship of REE to weight gain in adolescent patients. Antipsychotic-naïve or quasi-naïve (<72 h of exposure to antipsychotics) adolescent patients taking olanzapine, ...
Koizumi Masaru - - 2011
Esophagectomy after gastric reconstruction leads to significant weight loss. Ghrelin is known to stimulate appetite and cause weight increase. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship of serum ghrelin levels and weight loss in patients after esophagectomy for cancer. Twenty-two patients underwent esophagectomy including gastric reconstruction. Serum ...
Levy Sergio - - 2011
After massive weight loss (MWL), patients are known to experience significant improvement in obesity-associated comorbid conditions and metabolic disturbances, but almost two-thirds of them require reconstructive body-contouring surgery. The authors present an anatomic study of surgical pieces obtained from 28 patients (17 women and 11 men) during torsoplasty and abdominoplasty ...
Bonny Andrea E - - 2011
To examine whether early weight gain in adolescents on depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) predicts continued excessive weight gain and identify risk factors of early weight gain. Adolescents (n=97) initiating DMPA were eligible to participate. Height and weight were assessed at baseline and at 6, 12, and 18 months. Early weight ...
Testori Christoph - - 2011
AIM: Body mass index (BMI) may influence the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and may influence prognosis after cardiac arrest. To review the direct effect of obesity on outcome after cardiac arrest, the following cohort study was conducted. METHODS: This study based on a cardiac arrest registry comprising all adult patients ...
Iversen P - - 2011
The aim of the study was to compare the onset, incidence and frequency/intensity of hot flushes during androgen-deprivation therapy with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH) blocker versus an agonist using data from a randomized Phase 3 clinical trial. In total, 610 prostate cancer patients received monthly degarelix (s.c., 240/80 mg, n=207, ...
SmietaƄski M - - 2011
This prospective randomised study evaluated whether non-knitted and non-woven lightweight implants can influence postoperative pain and time of return to normal activity, without increasing the recurrence rate in Lichtenstein inguinal hernioplasty. Patients were operated on in four centres, randomised blindly into two groups with respect to the mesh used: Surgimesh ...
Miller Gary D - - 2011
A number of proteins secreted from adipose tissue, known as adipokines, are involved in the inflammatory process. The expression and secretion of adipokines are altered with obesity, leading to a pro-inflammatory state, with an enhanced vascular immune response. Although weight loss reduces inflammation, the time course for these changes during ...
Tibesku Carsten O - - 2011
PURPOSE: The objective of this prospective, randomized, patient- and observer-blinded study was to analyze, in vivo, the knee joint kinematics in the sagittal plane in a patient population that had received either a fixed or a mobile TKA. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (57 knees) were evaluated by means of fluoroscopy during ...
Woelnerhanssen Bettina - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) lead to rapid improvement in insulin sensitivity even before weight loss occurs. Adipokines are closely linked to obesity and insulin resistance. To date, it is unclear whether the different anatomic changes of the various bariatric procedures have different effects ...
Stephen L J - - 2011
Pregabalin (PGB) was licensed in Europe as an add-on antiepileptic drug (AED) for the treatment of partial-onset seizures in 2004. This audit assessed the response to adjunctive PGB in patients with uncontrolled seizures. PGB was titrated in 135 patients [73 men; 62 women, aged 18-76 (median 44 years) until one ...
Changchien Eric M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is the primary cause of death in the United States, with obesity as a leading preventable risk factor. Previous studies have established the beneficial effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on both weight and cardiac risk factors. Further assessment of cardiac function may be accomplished using B-type ...
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