Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2176
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Xu Yue-min - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Urethroplasty of complex urethral stricture is a difficult procedure, and there is no widely accepted standard approach described in the published literature. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of urethroplasty using lingual mucosa grafts (LMGs) for the repair of urethral strictures. METHODS: Between August 2006 and April 2009, 92 ...
Ishii Naoki - - 2010
Safety and efficacy of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for esophageal neoplasias have not been adequately investigated in elderly patients. This study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ESD for esophageal neoplasias in elderly patients. Fifty-three superficial esophageal neoplasias treated with ESD using a combination of small-caliber-tip transparent ...
Lyday W D - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The use of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for complete eradication of Barrett's esophagus has shown promise in trials conducted at predominantly tertiary academic centers; however less is known regarding outcomes in the community. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of RFA for Barrett's esophagus delivered in a ...
Tanaka Yuriko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Pneumatic dilatation (PD) has been widely used in the treatment of primary achalasia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of PD and its predictive factors in Japanese patients with primary achalasia. METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive patients were treated using PD (Rigiflex balloon dilator). Diagnosis was established ...
Davies Shelley L - - 2010
Occasional acid reflux occurs frequently in the general population but gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a chronic disease that affects millions of adults and children, is diagnosed if persistent reflux occurs more than twice a week. The development of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) dramatically improved the treatment of GERD; however, the ...
Madalosso Carlos A S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of gastric bypass (GBP) on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) based on Montreal Consensus. METHODS: In this study, 86 patients (25 men; aging 38 +/- 12 years; body mass index 45 [35-68 kg/m2]) were investigated for GERD before GBP and 6 months later. Esophageal and extraesophageal ...
Bae Young Dae - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare cure rates and complications of polydimethylsiloxane (Macroplastique(R)) and dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer (Deflux(R)) in the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). From April 2001 to March 2008, 29 boys and 42 girls (total of 115 ureters) with a mean age of 6 years who ...
Castilloux Julie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe short- (first year of age) and long-term (after 1 year of age) outcome in patients with esophageal atresia and identify early predictive factors of morbidity in the first month of life. STUDY DESIGN: Charts of children with esophageal atresia born January 1990 to May 2005 were reviewed. ...
Kakizawa Hideyaki - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy of a plug made of small intestinal submucosa (SIS) for closure of dilated nephrostomy tract in the kidney after nephroscopy. Ten kidneys in 5 swine had nephrostomy tracts dilated up to 8 mm. The SIS plug was placed into the dilated ...
Akiyama Tomoyuki T Gastroenterology Division, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that the shape and length of Barrett's epithelium are associated with prevalence of erosive esophagitis. A total study population comprised 869 patients who underwent endoscopy during a health checkup at our hospital. The presence and extent of Barrett's epithelium were diagnosed based on the Prague C ...
Moncada Ignacio - - 2010
PURPOSE: We compared the advantages and disadvantages of initial penile implantation with vs without prior dilation of the corpora cavernosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients implanted for the first time with a 700CX or an antibiotic coated 700CX InhibiZone 3-piece prosthesis by a single surgeon during January 2005 to December 2006 ...
Ishihara Ryu - - 2010
Narrow-band imaging (NBI) is a novel, noninvasive optical technique that uses reflected light to visualize the organ surface. However, few prospective studies that examine the efficacy of NBI screening for esophageal cancer have been reported. To compare the diagnostic yield of NBI endoscopy for screening of squamous mucosal high-grade neoplasia ...
Zhu Yue-Qi - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To retrospectively analyze and compare the clinical efficacy of temporary stent insertion with pneumatic dilation of the same diameter in the treatment of achalasia based on a long-term follow up. METHODS: A total of 101 treated achalasia patients were divided into a pneumatic dilation group (Group A, ...
Meng Joyce - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) as a treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF) is commonly performed. This procedure can damage the esophagus. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) offers noninvasive assessment of scar. We sought to examine the prevalence of esophageal hyperenhancement on LGE-CMR prior to and following ...
Poh Choo Hean - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Failure of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment in patients with heartburn is very common. Because endoscopy is easily accessible, it is commonly used as the first evaluative tool in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare GERD-related endoscopic and histologic findings in patients with heartburn in whom once-daily PPI therapy failed ...
Basiri Abbas - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate factors contributing to failure in Gil-Vernet antireflux operation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 96 patients (150 refluxing units; median (range) age, 60 (12-180) months; M/F, 11/85) with primary vesico-ureteral reflux were included. Trigonoplasty was done according to a modified Gil-Verent procedure. Relapse was diagnosed on ...
Doma Siva - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recommended Bravo capsule placement is 6 cm proximal to the squamocolumnar junction. This is because the junction resides 1 cm distal to the lower esophageal sphincter. AIM: To determine the positional accuracy of capsule placement compared with the ideal location in symptomatic patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive symptomatic ...
Fukuhara Tatsuma - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The presence of multiple Lugol-voiding lesions (LVLs) in the esophageal mucosa can indicate a high risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) as well as a diagnosis of ESCC and dysplasia. However, there have been no reports on the natural course of LVLs. AIM: This study aimed to clarify ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, distribution, and extent of varicosities and focal dilatations in the saphenous trunks, their association with the sites of reflux, and their correlation with CEAP classes. This prospective study included patients belonging to different CEAP classes (2-6) and a control group ...
Daryabeigi Reza - - 2010
Burn wounds are one of the health problems in modern societies that are associated with irreparable harms and many side problems for patients and their families. Infection due to burn wounds is the main cause of death in such patients. One of the methods to prevent infection of burn wounds ...
Menon Devidas - - 2010
Recently, several new endoscopic treatments have been used to treat patients with Barrett's esophagus with high grade dysplasia. This systematic review aimed to determine the safety and effectiveness of these treatments compared with esophagectomy. A comprehensive literature search was undertaken to identify studies of endoscopic treatments for Barrett's esophagus or ...
Hsieh Michael H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic injection of non-animal-stabilized hyaluronic acid/dextranomer gel is an increasingly recognized treatment option for vesicoureteral reflux. The procedure is minor compared with open surgery and, when successful, avoids the need for long-term antibiotic prophylaxis. We present data from 3 years of using non-animal-stabilized hyaluronic acid/dextranomer gel to treat children ...
Simi? Aleksandar Petar - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: It is speculated that postoperative pathologic gastroesophageal reflux after Heller's myotomy can be diminished if the lateral and posterior phrenoesophageal attachments are left intact. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of limited hiatal dissection in patients operated due to achalasia. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, 3 years ...
Ormaechea M - - 2010
PURPOSE: We report the preliminary results of endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children using polyacrylate polyalcohol copolymer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a prospective multicenter review of pediatric patients treated with subureteral injection of a new nonabsorbable substance. Only patients with 1 year of followup were included. RESULTS: A ...
Yu L - - 2010
Treatment of achalasia aims at reducing the pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and palliate symptoms. Our objective in this study was to investigate functional changes of the esophagus after Heller myotomy and evaluate their influence on postoperative gastroesophageal reflux and esophageal morphologic changes. Between 1980 and 2003, 216 ...
Bravi I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term follow-up studies of achalasia after pneumatic dilation, mostly retrospective, have shown variable results. AIM: To examine the outcome of achalasia after pneumatic dilation using a prospective follow-up programme. METHODS: One or two dilations (first dilation treatment) in 77 patients to achieve stable (>1 year) remission and patients followed ...
Aly Ahmad - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reflux of duodeno-gastric fluid is a significant problem after esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction. Symptoms may be severe and impact considerably upon the quality of life. Previous studies have suggested that a fundoplication type anastomosis may limit post-esophagectomy reflux. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Tsimogiannis Konstantinos E - - 2010
Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) has become established as the procedure of choice in the surgical management of the majority of patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Postoperative paraesophageal herniation has an incidence range up to 7% in the immediate postoperative period. A prospective randomized trial was scheduled to study ...
Kawahara Hisayoshi - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Thoracoscopic repair has recently been attempted in newborns with esophageal atresia (EA), but it remains unclear whether thoracoscopic dissection reduces pathological gastroesophageal reflux. We investigated the influence of a thoracoscopic approach on esophageal motor function in patients with EA. METHODS: Clinical and gastrointestinal data of 10 patients with EA ...
Mazdak Hamid - - 2010
In clinical practice, internal urethrotomy is an easy procedure and is offered as a first modality for treatment of short urethral strictures. Internal urethrotomy refers to any procedure that opens the stricture by incising or ablating it transurethrally. The most common complication of internal urethrotomy is stricture recurrence. The curative ...
Douzinas Emmanuel E EE 3rd Department of Critical Care, Evgenidion Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, Athens 115 28, Greece. - - 2009
To investigate factors predicting failure of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) to eliminate gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Twenty-nine consecutive mechanically ventilated patients were investigated. Patients were evaluated for GER by pH-metry pre-PEG and on the 7th post-PEG day. Endoscopic and histologic evidence of reflux esophagitis was also carried out. A beneficial response ...
Bennett Alexander D - - 2010
Retention of tablets or capsules in the feline esophagus can be associated with esophagitis and esophageal stricture formation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the esophageal passage of tablets and capsules when administered with either a one-step pill gun with flavored liquid (FlavoRx pill glide) or a pill ...
Fiocca Roberto - - 2010
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)-associated changes in esophageal histology have been reported mainly after short-term medical antireflux therapy, and few individual lesions have been examined. We report detailed histological findings from the LOTUS study, at baseline and at 1 and 3 years after laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) or esomeprazole treatment in ...
Repici Alessandro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several endoscopic antireflux therapies have been proposed to reduce the need for chronic medical therapy or laparoscopic fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Aim of this study was to evaluate the short- and mid-term clinical results of endoluminal fundoplication (ELF) with EsophyX. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From June 2006 to ...
Yurt?u M?slim - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of cyanoacrylate (C), fibrin glue (FG), and natrium hyaluronate (NH) on the healing of esophageal anastomosis (EA). METHODS: Twenty-four rabbits were divided equally into 4 groups: primary anastomosis (PA), C, FG, and NH. A 1-cm-length of the cervical esophagus was resected through ...
Broeders Joris A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare 10 years outcome of a multicenter randomized controlled trial on laparoscopic (LNF) and conventional Nissen fundoplication (CNF), with focus on effectiveness and reoperation rate. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LNF has replaced CNF as surgical treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Decisions are based on equal short-term effectiveness ...
Wedgeworth Emma K - - 2009
AIM: To describe the clinical features and treatment schedules of a series of 5 patients with esophageal lichen planus (LP). To review the literature on esophageal LP. BACKGROUND: LP, a common papulosquamous dermatologic condition, can present to the gastroenterologist with esophageal involvement. This is rare and occurs in a distinct ...
Bright Tim - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic surveillance of individuals with Barrett's oesophagus is undertaken to detect early stage oesophageal malignancy. The impact of a surveillance programme on endoscopy resources and disease detection is uncertain. METHODS: In 2004, we commenced a structured Barrett's oesophagus surveillance programme. The surveillance protocol specifies surveillance interval and number of ...
Johansson Jan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate if the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) reduced the prevalence of benign anastomotic strictures after uncomplicated esophagectomies with gastric tube reconstruction and circular stapled anastomoses. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Benign anastomotic strictures are associated with anastomotic leaks or conduit ischemia. ...
Sharma Girish K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and results of dorsal onlay lingual mucosal graft (LMG) urethroplasty for the definitive management of urethral strictures in women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 15 women (mean age 42 years) with a history suggestive of urethral stricture who had undergone multiple urethral dilatations and/or urethrotomy ...
Miyake K - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) may cause excessive duodenogastric reflux (DGR) in a similar manner to distal gastrectomy, particularly after antral resections. We aimed to examine the occurrence of DGR after ESD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with gastric neoplasm for whom ESD was indicated were categorized according ...
Nakajima Kenichi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal complications are common in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The relationship between gastroesophageal reflux (GER) symptoms and dysmotility was examined in endoscopically confirmed patients suspected of having reflux esophagitis. METHODS: A total of 32 patients with limited and diffuse type SSc (lSSc, dSSc) were examined based on a ...
Ally Mazer R - - 2009
Fundic gland polyps (FGP) have been implicated with long-term proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use. We attempted to investigate the impact of length and dosage of PPI therapy on the development of FGP. A retrospective cohort study of all patients who had gastric polyps removed during elective upper endoscopy between March ...
Fransis Karen - - 2010
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 To report the medium-term results at our institution of repairing long bulbar urethral strictures with buccal mucosal grafts. Between January 2003 and June 2007, a buccal mucosa graft repair was used in 34 patients with recurrent bulbar strictures >2 cm. The follow-up ...
Aikawa Masayasu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bilioenteric anastomosis allows reflux of bowel fluid into bile ducts, resulting in reflux cholangitis. We sought to develop a reflux-free procedure of bilioenteric anastomosis endowed using an artificial bile duct (ABD). METHODS: The study was performed in four groups of pigs. In Group A, end-to-side choledochoduodenostomy using the interposed ...
Vasiliadis Konstantinos V - - 2010
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition that usually requires long-term maintenance therapy with proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). In clinical practice, patients receive PPIs at the lowest dose to control symptoms. However, it is not known whether this approach adequately controls acidic esophageal reflux. We sought to investigate the efficacy ...
Kilic Arman - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Short-term outcomes of laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for achalasia have been excellent, although the long-term durability of this operation remains to be established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of LHM. METHODS: A single-institution review of patients undergoing LHM between 1992 and 2003 with ...
Panti A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Intra-operative, gastro-oesophageal reflux may be associated with post-anaesthestic complications such as oesophagitis and oesophageal stricture in dogs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preoperative administration of omeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, on oesophageal pH in anaesthetised dogs. METHODS: Forty-seven dogs undergoing elective pelvic limb ...
Shaw John M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A prospective, randomized trial was performed to evaluate the long-term outcome and patient satisfaction of laparoscopic complete 360 degrees fundoplication compared with partial posterior 270 degrees fundoplication. Partial fundoplication is purported to have fewer side effects with a higher failure rate in controlling gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), while complete ...
Batirel Hasan Fevzi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of the size of the esophageal hiatus on lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) and acid reflux. METHODS: Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease who underwent Nissen fundoplication in 2006-2008 were included. All underwent esophageal manometry and 22 had 24-h pH ...
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