Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2112
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Ganz Robert A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A variety of endoscopic modalities have been introduced to treat GERD, including radiofrequency energy, suturing, plication, and injection therapy. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess the long-term safety and effectiveness of Durasphere (Carbon Medical Technologies, St Paul, Minn), a new injectable bulking agent, in the treatment of mild-moderate GERD. ...
Zhu Qiang - - 2009
To compare the efficiency of pneumatic balloon dilation, botulinum toxin (BT) injection, and the combination of the two modalities in the management of esophageal achalasia. Ninety patients with esophageal achalasia were randomly divided into three groups according to different interventions, i.e. patients in group A received 100 U BT injection; ...
D'Journo Xavier Benoit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess development of mucosal damage in the esophageal remnant in regard to the level of the esophagogastrostomy reconstruction either in a right chest or in a left neck position. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Esophagectomy with gastric interposition creates an in vivo human model of pathologic esophageal reflux with the ...
Tsereteli Zurab - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and abnormal esophageal motility are the most controversial subgroup of surgically treated patients because of potentially increased risk of postoperative dysphagia. Our study aim was to determine if Nissen fundoplication is associated with increased postoperative dysphagia in patients with ineffective esophageal motility. METHODS: ...
Chuah Seng-Kee - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prospective, long-term reports and predictors of outcome of endoscope-guided pneumatic dilation are lacking in the literature. The aim of this prospective 7-year follow-up study is to report the efficacy of endoscope-guided pneumatic dilation and determine the possible confounding factors related to remission. METHODS: Between January 1998 and ...
Kochhar Rakesh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The standard treatment of caustic-induced gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is surgery. There are only a few reports in the medical literature on endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) for caustic-induced GOO. OBJECTIVE: To study the short-term and long-term response of EBD in patients with caustic-induced GOO. SETTING: Tertiary-care center in India. ...
Gupta N P - - 2009
AIM: To review our experience and outcome of transpubic urethroplasty for complex posterior urethral strictures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 19 patients, mean age 17.8 (6-35) years, were treated with transpubic urethroplasty over the last 6 years. All had traumatic etiology (15 due to road traffic accidents and 4 due to falls ...
Montenovo M - - 2009
Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) is an effective treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease; however, some patients develop dysphagia postoperatively. Manometry is used to evaluate disorders of peristalsis, but has not been proven useful to identify which patients may be at risk for postoperative dysphagia. Multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) evaluates the effective ...
Mardani J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Total fundoplication is the most common antireflux operation and can be performed with or without division of the short gastric vessels. There seems to be no difference in short-term outcomes with either approach. The aim of the study was to determine whether there were the long-term differences (after 10 ...
Moretzsohn Luciana D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are the drugs of choice for treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Omeprazole, the first PPI commercialized, is now available in different formulations. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of different omeprazole formulations on gastric acid secretion measured by intragastric and esophageal pH monitoring in patients ...
Falkenback Dan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE. We re-evaluated a cohort of patients referred for reflux symptoms and objectively diagnosed with pathological reflux, with the purpose of clarifying the course of conservatively treated gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). MATERIAL AND METHODS. All consecutive patients with GERD diagnosed between 1984 and 1988 showing pathologic 24-h pH-metry in the ...
Lauritzen Märta - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the effects of intermittent self-dilatation (ISD) on the natural course of urethral strictures after an internal urethrotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control analysis of all males who had undergone a first time internal urethrotomy due to a urethral stricture in 1998-2000 at 15 urological departments ...
Musau P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the early success rates of the various methods of treating urethral strictures. DESIGN: A one year prospective, hospital-based study with three months' follow up after treatment. SETTING: The urology unit of the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), a tertiary 500 bed hospital in the Kilimanjaro region of ...
Jeansonne Louis O LO - - 2009
HYPOTHESIS: Endoluminal therapies have emerged as adjuncts for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in select patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of endoscopic full-thickness plication and endoscopic radiofrequency treatments for patients with GERD. PATIENTS: A total of 126 patients who underwent either endoscopic full-thickness plication (FTP) of the ...
Celik Burcin - - 2009
The aim of the study was to determine whether early esophagoscopy is really necessary for the patients who have ingested a corrosive agent. Patients who were followed up with the diagnosis of corrosive ingestion in our clinic between the years 1998 and 2008 were studied retrospectively. The data were collected ...
Nakamura Masaki - - 2009
PURPOSE: A preoperative immunonutrition pharmaceutics diet (IMPACT) significantly reduced the incidence of postoperative infectious complications, but the optimal regimen still remains unclear. We evaluated the optimal dose of a preoperative IMPACT for patients with esophageal carcinoma and the incidence of postoperative complications based on the dose of IMPACT. METHODS: This ...
Ozawa Soji - - 2009
PURPOSE: Endoluminal gastroplication (ELGP) was the first endoscopic therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Data on the long-term outcomes, including the plication status and data from Asian populations, are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term effectiveness and safety of ELGP for GERD in ...
Yagi S - - 2009
The relationship between Helicobacter pylori eradication and reflux esophagitis is controversial. We analyzed the development of reflux esophagitis and the change in the grade of pre-existing reflux esophagitis after eradication. Enrolled were 559 Japanese patients who received eradication therapy for H. pylori. The grade of reflux esophagitis by endoscopy before ...
Andersson M - - 2009
To choose which treatment would be most effective for the individual patient with newly diagnosed achalasia is difficult for the tending physician. A diagnostic tool that would allow prediction of the symptomatic and functional response after treatment for achalasia is therefore needed. The timed barium esophagogram (TBE) is a method ...
Gonçalves Ana Rita - - 2009
A 60-year-old woman with an unremarkable medical history complained of a retrosternal burning sensation, heartburn and regurgitation, with twice-monthly symptoms evolving over 10 years. Upper digestive endoscopy (UDE) showed the lower oesophageal lumen to be reduced in diameter, with bleeding, longitudinal ulcers covering the oesophageal circumference, compatible with a diagnosis ...
Ejaz Sohail - - 2009
Vehicle exhaust from traffic is a widespread air pollutant. The use of 3-wheel auto-rickshaws powered by a 2-stroke engine is widespread in south Asia; exhaust from these vehicles may cause different types of toxicities resulting in different pathologies. The aim of this study was to explore the association between exposure ...
K?sek Volkan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although the first laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication was performed almost two decades ago, division of the short gastric vessels is still controversially discussed. The aim of this prospectively randomized trial was to evaluate the clinical and functional outcome following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with division versus saving of the short gastric ...
Kim Chan Gyoo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Benign strictures at esophagojejunostomy sites may develop after total gastrectomy, and through-the-scope balloon dilation (TTS-BD) can relieve them. The aim of this study was to evaluate effective and safe balloon diameter for benign stricture after total gastrectomy. METHODS: From June 2001 to December 2006, 930 gastric cancer patients underwent ...
Dakum N K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The treatment of urethral stricture disease has remained a challenge over the years. The outcome has also been varied, with recurrent stricture being a major concern. We determined the outcome of urethroplasty with particular reference to the complications. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective study over 10 years (1995 to ...
Alborzi Abdolvahab - - 2008
In chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients, esophageal stricture is a rare complication and the treatment of choice is still controversial. There are few reports of successful therapy with antibiotics, corticosteroids, multiple balloon dilatations or their combination.We report a 3-three-year-old Iranian boy with recurrent esophageal obstruction due to CGD. The patient ...
Wang Changcheng - - 2008
Antisecretory therapies that raise intragastric pH provide the best healing of the esophageal mucosal damage that occurs in gastroesophageal reflux disease. Continuous maintenance therapy is also effective to reduce the likelihood of recurrence of esophagitis and control symptoms in the long term. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is an effective ...
Rebecchi Fabrizio - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare in a prospective, randomized trial the long-term results of laparoscopic Heller myotomy plus Dor fundoplication versus laparoscopic Heller myotomy plus floppy-Nissen for achalasia. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Anterior fundoplication is usually performed after Heller myotomy to control GER; however, the incidence of postoperative GER ranges between 10% and ...
Zaninotto G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported very long-term results after surgery for oesophageal achalasia. The aim of the present study was to assess long-term subjective outcomes after cardiomyotomy and partial fundoplication, focusing specifically on the risk of oesophageal cancer. METHODS: Clinical and demographic information from 228 consecutive patients who had surgery ...
Tuset J A - - 2009
Pneumatic dilation (PD) has been widely used in the treatment of idiopathic achalasia with a 70-90% response. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of PD and its predictive factors by means of clinical assessment. In addition, we evaluated its safety and the need for subsequent surgical ...
Doo E-Y - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the safety and clinical effectiveness of balloon dilatation in children for oesophageal strictures caused by the ingestion of corrosive agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 11 children (median age 6 years; range 1-14 years) with oesophageal strictures caused by corrosive agents, who underwent a total of ...
Turkyilmaz Atila - - 2009
The aim of this study was to define the clinicopathological features and prognosis of esophageal cancer in patients 40 years and younger. Between 1990 and 2007, 549 patients with esophageal cancer were enrolled in a retrospective database. Patients were divided into two age groups: Group A was under 40 years ...
Radajewski R - - 2009
Laparoscopic antireflux surgery is an established method of treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This study evaluates the efficacy of Nissen versus Toupet fundoplication in alleviating the symptoms of GERD and compares the two techniques for the development of post-fundoplication symptoms and quality of life (QOL) at 12 months post-surgery. ...
Herbella Fernando A M - - 2009
Hiatoplasty is generally considered an essential part of antireflux operations. Posterior closure of an enlarged hiatus may lead to anterior displacement of the esophagus and it may be contributory to postoperative dysphagia. The aims of this study were to (i) measure the normal esophageal anteroposterior angulation, (ii) evaluate the variation ...
Carr John Alfred - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Benign esophageal strictures at the gastroesophageal (GE) junction secondary to acid reflux have an unknown altered natural history after dilation. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a 7-year retrospective investigation from 2001 to 2007. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients presented with food bolus impaction at the GE junction. Reflux strictures were the ...
Dağli Ulkü - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Balloon dilatation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is one of the effective nonsurgical treatment options in the management of achalasia. We aimed to determine the long-term results of graded balloon dilatation and the factors predicting outcome. PATIENTS: Patients followed for more than 12 months between January 1995 to ...
Verin E - - 2009
Poststroke dysphagia is frequent and significantly increases patient mortality. In two thirds of cases there is a spontaneous improvement in a few weeks, but in the other third, oropharyngeal dysphagia persists. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is known to excite or inhibit cortical neurons, depending on stimulation frequency. The aim ...
Bonavina Luigi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease continues to encourage the development of treatment modalities to fill the gap between acid-suppression therapy and the laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. The Magnetic Sphincter Augmentation device has been designed to augment the lower esophageal sphincter barrier using magnetic force. A multi-center feasibility trial ...
Coopman S - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tissues derived from the colon, stomach, and jejunum have been used to replace the esophagus in childhood to cure esophageal atresia or stricture secondary to gastroesophageal reflux or the ingestion of corrosive agents. The outcome in adulthood of colon interposition performed at an early age has yet ...
Tsai Yao C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To validate its safety and efficacy, we evaluated our preliminary results of the three-port minilaparoscopic nerve-sparing extravesical ureteral reimplantation for patients with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). METHODS: Between July 2005 and February 2007, 9 consecutive patients (4 girls and 5 boys) with a mean age of 3.4 years (range, 7 ...
Ahmad E T - - 2008
The purpose of the current study was to determine the optimal treatment duration of high-voltage pulsed galvanic current (HVPC) in treating chronic pressure ulcers. Sixty volunteers suffering from chronic pressure ulcers participated in the study for a treatment period of five weeks. They were divided randomly and equally into four ...
Birk John - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic full-thickness plication of the gastric cardia using the Plicator is shown to be effective for the treatment of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in both prospective and randomized controlled trials. This registry study aimed to evaluate Plicator procedure safety and efficacy among GERD patients treated in routine clinical ...
Yano Fumiaki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Short esophagus is a common cause of failure of antireflux surgery. Minimally invasive intervention for short esophagus is technically difficult. Reliable predictors of short esophagus would allow appropriate referral and better outcomes. The aim of this study is to investigate the preoperative predictability of the short esophagus in patients ...
Lamb Peter J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A small proportion of patients evaluated with manometry prior to a fundoplication have a high-pressure lower esophageal sphincter (LES). This paper examines the outcome of laparoscopic fundoplication for these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between October 1991 and December 2006, 1,886 patients underwent primary laparoscopic fundoplication. Those with a high-pressure ...
Lecleire Stéphane - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a therapeutic option in patients with a superficial esophageal cancer. Recently, PDT was shown to be effective as a salvage therapy for a local recurrence after chemoradiotherapy (CRT). AIM: To compare retrospectively the results and the complications rate of PDT between consecutive patients treated in ...
Kim Hyun Koo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and mortality of anastomotic complications after esophagectomy have gradually decreased in recent years. However, swallowing difficulties and reflux continue to burden patients jeopardizing their quality of life. In the present study we performed endoscopic evaluation of the outcomes of esophagogastrostomy by analyzing the presence of anastomotic stenosis ...
Usai Paolo - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In celiac disease (CD) the role of a gluten-free diet (GFD) on gastroesophageal reflux disease-related symptoms (GERD-rs) is unclear. The aim of this study was to establish the recurrence of GERD-rs, in CD patients with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). METHODS: From a total of 105 adult CD ...
Abdalla, MA; ;
Objective: To evaluate our experience with penile circular fasciocutaneous flap urethroplasty for the repair of long penile and bulbar strictures. Patients and Methods: Between February 2003 and April 2005, a total of 21 circumcised patients with a mean age of 39 (range 11 – 79) years underwent penile circular fasciocutaneous ...
Gupta Narmada P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the success rate of redo anastomotic urethroplasty and to compare it with primary anastomotic urethroplasty. METHODS: We compared 52 patients with post-traumatic posterior urethral strictures (group 1, mean age 24.6 years, range 10-62) who had undergone redo urethroplasty with 66 patients (group 2, mean age 22.6, range ...
Attwood S E - - 2008
The long-term management of gastroesophageal reflux in patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) is not well supported by an evidence-based consensus. We compare treatment outcome in patients with and without BE submitted to standardized laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) or esomeprazole treatment. In the Long-Term Usage of Acid Suppression Versus Antireflux Surgery ...
Somani Sanjay Kumar - - 2008
A 21-year-old woman developed midesophageal stricture two weeks after ingestion of aluminium phosphide (AlP) tablets. Aluminium phosphide is a lethal protoplasmic toxin and is also the most common cause of suicidal poisoning in northern India. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE) showed a tight esophageal stricture 29 cm from the incisors with ...
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