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Tung Ying-Chang YC Department of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
This retrospective claims database analysis compared two strategies of hypertension treatment in outpatient, emergency, and inpatient departments: a fixed-dose combination (FDC) of amlodipine/valsartan vs free combinations of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) (ARB+CCB group). After a mean follow-up of 15.2 months, the FDC group had significantly lower ...
Soga Yoshimitsu Y Kokura Memorial Hospital, Department of - - 2014
Aim: It has been reported that beta-blockers (BB) reduce cardiovascular events in patients with atherosclerotic disease. However, little is known about the efficacy of these drugs in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). We investigated whether beta-blocker therapy affects the clinical outcomes of CLI patients.Methods: Between March 2004 and December ...
Park Kyung Hea KH Department of Dermatology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
Abstract Although oral beta-blocker, propranolol, was shown excellent outcome for infantile hemangioma (IH) up to date, concern of side effects and reluctance of treatment-related cumbersome evaluations are major obstacles to employ. Instead, topical beta-blockers were recently introduced as an effective alternative, but few studies are reported. So we performed a ...
Lund Lars H LH Unit of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden2Department of Cardiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2014
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) may be as common and may have similar mortality as heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF). β-Blockers reduce mortality in HFREF but are inadequately studied in HFPEF. To test the hypothesis that β-blockers are associated with reduced all-cause mortality in HFPEF. Propensity ...
Gelmetti C C Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Medico-Chirurgica e dei Trapianti - Università degli Studi di Milano. Direttore U.O.S. Dermatologia Pediatrica. Fondazione Ca' Granda "Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico" di Milano - - - 2014
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumors of infancy. Their typical natural history is characterized by an early rapid growth in the first months of life and by a slow spontaneous involution in the first years of life. Even though spontaneous regression of IHs could suggest therapeutic abstention, systemic ...
Murase Naruhiko N Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of - - 2014
Anastomotic stricture is the main complication after esophageal atresia (EA) repair. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of long-term prophylactic H2 blocker treatment in preventing stricture. Twenty-seven patients who had undergone primary repair for EA (Gross type C) were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were analyzed in two groups: the ...
Sarin Shiv K SK Department of Hepatology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, D1, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110010, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gastric varices (GV) are present in one in 5 patients with portal hypertension and variceal bleeding. GV bleeds tend to be more severe with higher mortality. High index of suspicion, early detection and proper locational diagnosis are important. An algorithmic approach to the management of GV bleeding prevents rebleeds and ...
Fellahi Jean-Luc JL Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, CHU de Caen, Faculty of Medicine, University of Caen, Caen, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of a simple written algorithm of early postoperative beta-blocker administration on daily practices. A prospective, single center observational study. A 16-bed cardiac surgical intensive care unit in a university teaching hospital. One hundred twenty-five consecutive adult patients chronically treated with beta-blockers and scheduled for conventional cardiac ...
Gokturk Umut U Karamursel State Hospital , Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kocaeli - - 2014
Abstract Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate sonographic cervical length, posterior cervical angle and fetal head position in predicting successful induction of labor at term can be an alternative method to Bishop score Methods: This prospective observational study recruited 223 women with singleton gestations scheduled for induction ...
Wan You-Dong YD Department of Integrated ICU, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, PR - - 2014
Despite the fact that recent evidence from meta-analysis of randomized trials indicates an increase in mortality, perioperative treatment with β-blockers is still widely advocated. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of cohort studies to evaluate the effects of perioperative β-blockers on mortality in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery in the real world ...
Guralnick Michael L ML Departments of Urology and Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA, - - 2014
InTone(TM) (InControl Medical) is a nonimplanted vaginal device providing biofeedback and electrical stimulation of pelvic floor muscles. The purpose of this study was to assess its efficacy and usability for treating urinary incontinence (UI). Women with UI (stress, urge, mixed) were recruited for this pilot trial. InTone was used 5-6 ...
Chen Chang-Hua - - 2014
Although pyogenic liver abscess (PPLA) fatalities are decreasing owing to early diagnosis and effective treatments, PPLA-associated complications still exist. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristic features of initial presentations and final outcomes of PPLA caused by different pathogens. This retrospective study collected and analyzed information regarding ...
Lavernia Carlos J CJ The Center for Advanced Orthopedics at Larkin, 7000 SW 62nd Avenue, Suite 600, South Miami, FL, 33143, USA, - - 2014
Psychological distress has been associated with inferior scores for pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, its relationships with scores and arthrofibrosis after TKA remain unclear. The objectives of this study were (1) to assess patient-reported outcomes (PROs), including Knee Society (KS) scores, of those patients who developed arthrofibrosis and ...
Cheng Shih-Ping SP Department of Surgery, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Mackay Medical College, 92, Sec. 2, Zhongshan N. Rd, Taipei, 10449, - - 2014
Aluminum overload and accumulation in tissues may lead to skeletal, hematological, and neurological toxicity. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of serum aluminum levels on presentations, postoperative recovery, and symptom improvement in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for secondary hyperparathyroidism. From 2008 to 2013, all patients with end-stage ...
Si Xiao-Ying XY Department of Blood Transfusion, First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, - - 2014
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most common and distressing adverse events after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) was performed to determine the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone combined with other antiemetic in the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing LC. A ...
Dowsey Michelle M - - 2014
Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability in developed nations. In Australia it afflicts 16.5% of the adult population. Total joint arthroplasty is considered the treatment of choice for end stage osteoarthritis. The number of total joint arthroplasties undertaken in Australia has doubled over the last decade (more than 80,000 ...
Botros Carolyn C Division of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Atlantic Health System, Morristown, NJ, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Miniarc Precise® single-incision sling (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN, USA) placed at the time of a robotic sacrocolpopexy. This was a prospective study of a single-incision suburethral sling placed at the time of robotic sacrocolpopexy in ...
Champagne Bradley J BJ Case Western University, Cleveland, OH, USA - - 2014
Background. Operative hemorrhoidectomy can result in pain and altered continence from excessive excision of anoderm or surrounding tissue.. We assessed a novel low-profile slotted anoscope to determine if the device would promote safe dissection, lessen trauma, and reduce operative times for hemorrhoidectomy. Methods. Patients requiring hemorrhoidectomy (June 2008 - January ...
Wu Susan S Division of Hospital Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California2Division of Hospital Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Bronchiolitis is one of the most common and costly respiratory diseases in infants and young children. Previous studies have shown a potential benefit of nebulized hypertonic saline; however, its effect in the emergency department (ED) setting is unclear. OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of nebulized 3% hypertonic saline vs ...
Karnatovskaia Lioudmila V LV 1 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic , Jacksonville, - - 2014
Targeted temperature management (TTM) may improve respiratory mechanics and lung inflammation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) based on animal and limited human studies. We aimed to assess the pulmonary effects of TTM in patients with respiratory failure following cardiac arrest. Retrospective review of consecutive cardiac arrest cases occurring out ...
Hussein Nouran Fahmy NF Department of Pediatrics, Cairo University, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism (D/D&I/D genotypes) and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm neonates. Our study included 120 preterm neonates (<37 weeks of gestation) with RDS [the patient group] and 120 preterm neonates without RDS [the ...
Chang C Y Joseph CY *Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas, Houston Medical School and Texas Ear Center, Houston, Texas; and †Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, - - 2014
To assess change in tinnitus severity after stapedectomy using the validated Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI) at 1 and 6 months in 2 cohorts of subjects with otosclerosis with different preoperative (TFIpre) distress levels. Prospective within-subjects repeated measures. Twenty-six subjects completed the study between January 2012 and April 2013. Demographic information, ...
Manuar Mohammed Babrak MB Department of Anaesthesiology, NRS Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
Postoperative pain is very common distressing symptom after any surgical procedure. Different drugs in different routes have been used for controlling post-arthroscopic pain. No one proved to be ideal. We have compared the analgesic effect of ropivacaine, fentanyl, and dexmedetomidine when administered through the intra-articular route in arthroscopic knee surgery. ...
Singhal R - - 2014
Cancellations on the day of surgery represent a major wastage of resources and can impose significant distress on patients. Minimising same day cancellations can improve cost effectiveness of operating theatre running. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of administering a questionnaire, by phone to elective orthopaedic ...
Park Sang Hee SH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University, Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2014
The frequent and distressing adverse events (AEs) of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are of major concern in 63-84% of adult patients undergoing thyroidectomy. We conducted this prospective study to compare two prophylactic strategies; sevoflurane combined with ramosetron and propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia in a homogenous group of non-smoking women ...
Martins Antonio C - - 2014
A child living in the Brazilian Amazon region who had had vivax malaria at the age of 11 months was admitted three months later with a history of progressive dyspnoea and fever, which culminated in respiratory distress and severe dilated cardiomyopathy at hospital admission in a malaria-free area. She received ...
Lu Wei W Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China ; Pediatrics Research Institution, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China ; Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorder, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common complication and cause of death in neonates on mechanical ventilation. However, it is difficult to define the causes of VAP. To understand the causes of VAP, we undertook a prospective study based on the diversity of the microflora in VAP. The experimental group consisted ...
Han E Jung EJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Women's Life Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We compared the outcomes of the midurethral sling (MUS) with and without concomitant prolapse repair. We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of 203 women who underwent MUS at Severance Hospital from January 2009 to April 2012 with and without concomitant prolapse repair. Patients completed the urogenital distress inventory questionnaire preoperatively and ...
Cornet Alexander D AD Department of Intensive Care, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Institute for Cardiovascular Research ICaR-VU, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Pulmonary coagulopathy may play a pathogenetic role in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), by contributing to alveolocapillary inflammation and increased permeability. Recombinant human activated protein C (rh-APC) may inhibit this process and thereby improve patient outcome. A prospective randomized, saline-controlled, single-blinded clinical trial was performed in the intensive care units ...
Ayati Sedigheh S Women αΎ½ s Health Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
We want to compare the efficacy and safety of vaginal versus sublingual misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labor. This randomized clinical trial was performed on 140 women with medical or obstetric indications for labor induction. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: vaginal and sublingual administration of ...
Noble Simon S Marie Curie Palliative Care Research Group, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, - - 2014
To explore the psychological consequences of experiencing symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE). Qualitative interview-based study using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Outpatients who attended an anticoagulation clinic in a district general hospital. Patients attending an anticoagulation clinic following hospital admission for symptomatic PE were approached to participate. A total of 9 (4 women, ...
Nassar Junior Antonio Paulo AP Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua Dr Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 255, Fifth Floor, Emergency Medicine Discipline, São Paulo 05403-000, - - 2014
Daily sedative interruption and intermittent sedation are effective in abbreviating the time on mechanical ventilation. Whether one is superior to the other has not yet been determined. Our aim was to compare daily interruption and intermittent sedation during the mechanical ventilation period in a low nurse staffing ICU. Adult patients ...
Kallet Richard H RH Respiratory Care Services, UCSF Dept of Anesthesia at San Francisco General - - 2013
To test the association between pulmonary dead-space fraction (VD/VT) and mortality in patients with ARDS (Berlin Definition, PaO2/FiO2 ≤ 300 mm Hg; PEEP ≥ 5 cm H2O) enrolled into a clinical trial incorporating lung-protective ventilation. Prospective, multi-center study. Medical-surgical intensive care units in the United States. 126 ALI patients enrolled ...
Bachhav Asavari Ashok AA Civil Hospital-Nasik, Nasik, India ; Tulshi Hospital, N.D. Patel Road, Opposite Telephone Exchange, Nasik, 422001 - - 2014
To determine whether an antepartum low amniotic fluid index (AFI) is a predictor of adverse perinatal outcome in normal pregnancy and to determine a threshold level of AFI that could predict an adverse outcome. This was a prospective study conducted among 180 pregnant women at 37-40 weeks of gestation with ...
Liu Xiaowei X Emergency Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2013
The latest data released to the public from the Chinese Ministry of Health reported 120,940 confirmed H1N1 cases and 659 deaths on the Chinese mainland. We performed a prospective, single-center study to investigate the efficacy of lung recruitment maneuver (RM) with high-level positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in patients with the ...
Culligan Patrick J - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess outcomes following robotic sacrocolpopexy using a lightweight polypropylene Y-mesh. During our study period, all patients who underwent robotic sacrocolpopexy were enrolled in this single-arm prospective trial. Endpoints included Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) values; Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory, short form 20 (PFDI-20); ...
Martín-Martín Lydia M - - 2013
Objective:To explore whether an occupational therapy intervention combined with physiotherapy rehabilitation improved hip fracture patient outcomes regarding emotional distress, fatigue, independence and function.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Inpatient trauma ward in a rehabilitation and trauma hospital.Participants:One hundred and twenty-two patients admitted into hospital for hip fracture.Intervention:Patients were randomly assigned to a standard care ...
Guervilly C - - 2013
Background: Veno Venous Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (vvECMO) is an effective rescue therapy for improving oxygenation in selected severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Prone Position (PP) is usually considered before vvECMO and few data are available on the association of PP during vvECMO. Thus, we investigated the effect on ...
Alborzi Saeed - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of laparoscopic cystectomy on ovarian reserve in patients with endometriomas. Prospective study. Private and university hospitals. A total of 193 patients with endometriomas undergoing laparoscopic cyctectomy. Serum levels of antimüllerian hormone (AMH), FSH, and E2, as well as antral follicle count (AFC) were measured preoperatively and ...
Gilling Peter J - - 2013
To compare the effectiveness, safety and cost of Tristel Fuse (chlorine dioxide) with Cidex OPA (ortho-phthaldehyde; 1,2-benzenedicarboxaldehyde) in an automated endoscopic reprocessor (AER) for high-level disinfection of flexible cystoscopes. A randomised single-blind study comparing the high-level disinfectants Tristel Fuse as a simple office-based soak and Cidex OPA using an AER ...
Murray Sara E - - 2013
The timing of symptom improvement after parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has not been well characterized. This prospective study involved administering a questionnaire to patients with PHPT who underwent curative parathyroidectomy over an 11-month period. The questionnaire evaluated the frequency of 18 symptoms of PHPT on a 5-point Likert scale ...
Hsu Andrew R - - 2013
Serum metal ion levels increase after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) regardless of bearing surface. We conducted a study to determine the effect of a second joint arthroplasty on existing serum metal ion levels at long-term followup. Twelve patients underwent primary THA and then either another THA (8 patients) or ...
Yousuf Beena B Department of Anesthesia, Al Adan Hospital, Ministry of Health, - - 2013
Postoperative shivering (POS) is a common and distressing experience occurring in up to 60% patients postoperatively. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of tramadol in preventing POS when used with two different induction agent, propofol or thiopentone. One hundred and twenty-four ASA I and II adult patients, aged ...
Hyngstrom John R JR Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, - - 2013
We aimed to prospectively assess limb volume change (LVC) and associated symptoms in patients with melanoma undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy and/or therapeutic lymph node dissection. Limb volume was measured preoperatively and postoperatively at 6 and 12 months using a perometer (1000 mol/l). LVC was calculated and used to define ...
Nascimento Bartolomeu B Department of General Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2013
Hemorrhage coupled with coagulopathy remains the leading cause of preventable in-hospital deaths among trauma patients. Use of a transfusion protocol with a predefined ratio of 1:1:1 (1 each of red blood cells [RBC], frozen plasma [FP] and platelets) has been associated with improved survival in retrospective studies in military and ...
George Amy - - 2013
Recurrence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a potential complication after mesh removal. We evaluated anatomical and functional outcomes preoperatively and postoperatively in patients undergoing mesh excision. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of consecutive patients who underwent mesh excision from years 2005 to 2009. Anatomical outcomes were evaluated using ...
Crane Andrea Kuntaraf - - 2013
The aim of this study was to estimate the rate of outlet constipation at 1 year after robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSCP) with and without a concomitant distal posterior repair (PR). We sought, first, to determine the rate of persistent outlet constipation and second, to determine de novo outlet constipation. This was ...
Duchesne Juan Carlos - - 2013
Although minimization of crystalloids is a widely adopted practice in the resuscitation of patients with severe hemorrhage, its direct impact on high-ratio resuscitation (HRR) outcomes has not been analyzed. We hypothesize that HRR patients will have worse outcomes from crystalloid use. This was a 4-year retrospective multi-institutional analysis (MIA) of ...
Smid Geert E - - 2013
PURPOSE: Military personnel exposed to combat are at risk for experiencing post-traumatic distress that can progress over time following deployment. We hypothesized that progression of post-traumatic distress may be related to enhanced susceptibility to post-deployment stressors. This study aimed at examining the concept of stress sensitization prospectively in a sample ...
Guérin Claude C Réanimation Médicale, Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, Hospices Civils de Lyon; Université de Lyon; and Creatis INSERM 1044, Lyon, France. - - 2013
Previous trials involving patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have failed to show a beneficial effect of prone positioning during mechanical ventilatory support on outcomes. We evaluated the effect of early application of prone positioning on outcomes in patients with severe ARDS. In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled ...
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