Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1710
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Park Sang Hee SH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chonnam National University, Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2014
The frequent and distressing adverse events (AEs) of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are of major concern in 63-84% of adult patients undergoing thyroidectomy. We conducted this prospective study to compare two prophylactic strategies; sevoflurane combined with ramosetron and propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia in a homogenous group of non-smoking women ...
Martins Antonio C - - 2014
A child living in the Brazilian Amazon region who had had vivax malaria at the age of 11 months was admitted three months later with a history of progressive dyspnoea and fever, which culminated in respiratory distress and severe dilated cardiomyopathy at hospital admission in a malaria-free area. She received ...
Lu Wei W Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China ; Pediatrics Research Institution, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China ; Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorder, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common complication and cause of death in neonates on mechanical ventilation. However, it is difficult to define the causes of VAP. To understand the causes of VAP, we undertook a prospective study based on the diversity of the microflora in VAP. The experimental group consisted ...
Han E Jung EJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Women's Life Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We compared the outcomes of the midurethral sling (MUS) with and without concomitant prolapse repair. We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of 203 women who underwent MUS at Severance Hospital from January 2009 to April 2012 with and without concomitant prolapse repair. Patients completed the urogenital distress inventory questionnaire preoperatively and ...
Cornet Alexander D AD Department of Intensive Care, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Institute for Cardiovascular Research ICaR-VU, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Pulmonary coagulopathy may play a pathogenetic role in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), by contributing to alveolocapillary inflammation and increased permeability. Recombinant human activated protein C (rh-APC) may inhibit this process and thereby improve patient outcome. A prospective randomized, saline-controlled, single-blinded clinical trial was performed in the intensive care units ...
Noble Simon S Marie Curie Palliative Care Research Group, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, - - 2014
To explore the psychological consequences of experiencing symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE). Qualitative interview-based study using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Outpatients who attended an anticoagulation clinic in a district general hospital. Patients attending an anticoagulation clinic following hospital admission for symptomatic PE were approached to participate. A total of 9 (4 women, ...
Ayati Sedigheh S Women αΎ½ s Health Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
We want to compare the efficacy and safety of vaginal versus sublingual misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labor. This randomized clinical trial was performed on 140 women with medical or obstetric indications for labor induction. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: vaginal and sublingual administration of ...
Kallet Richard H RH Respiratory Care Services, UCSF Dept of Anesthesia at San Francisco General - - 2013
To test the association between pulmonary dead-space fraction (VD/VT) and mortality in patients with ARDS (Berlin Definition, PaO2/FiO2 ≤ 300 mm Hg; PEEP ≥ 5 cm H2O) enrolled into a clinical trial incorporating lung-protective ventilation. Prospective, multi-center study. Medical-surgical intensive care units in the United States. 126 ALI patients enrolled ...
Liu Xiaowei X Emergency Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2013
The latest data released to the public from the Chinese Ministry of Health reported 120,940 confirmed H1N1 cases and 659 deaths on the Chinese mainland. We performed a prospective, single-center study to investigate the efficacy of lung recruitment maneuver (RM) with high-level positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in patients with the ...
Culligan Patrick J - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess outcomes following robotic sacrocolpopexy using a lightweight polypropylene Y-mesh. During our study period, all patients who underwent robotic sacrocolpopexy were enrolled in this single-arm prospective trial. Endpoints included Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) values; Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory, short form 20 (PFDI-20); ...
Martín-Martín Lydia M - - 2013
Objective:To explore whether an occupational therapy intervention combined with physiotherapy rehabilitation improved hip fracture patient outcomes regarding emotional distress, fatigue, independence and function.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Inpatient trauma ward in a rehabilitation and trauma hospital.Participants:One hundred and twenty-two patients admitted into hospital for hip fracture.Intervention:Patients were randomly assigned to a standard care ...
Guervilly C - - 2013
Background: Veno Venous Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (vvECMO) is an effective rescue therapy for improving oxygenation in selected severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Prone Position (PP) is usually considered before vvECMO and few data are available on the association of PP during vvECMO. Thus, we investigated the effect on ...
Alborzi Saeed - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of laparoscopic cystectomy on ovarian reserve in patients with endometriomas. Prospective study. Private and university hospitals. A total of 193 patients with endometriomas undergoing laparoscopic cyctectomy. Serum levels of antimüllerian hormone (AMH), FSH, and E2, as well as antral follicle count (AFC) were measured preoperatively and ...
Gilling Peter J - - 2013
To compare the effectiveness, safety and cost of Tristel Fuse (chlorine dioxide) with Cidex OPA (ortho-phthaldehyde; 1,2-benzenedicarboxaldehyde) in an automated endoscopic reprocessor (AER) for high-level disinfection of flexible cystoscopes. A randomised single-blind study comparing the high-level disinfectants Tristel Fuse as a simple office-based soak and Cidex OPA using an AER ...
Murray Sara E - - 2013
The timing of symptom improvement after parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has not been well characterized. This prospective study involved administering a questionnaire to patients with PHPT who underwent curative parathyroidectomy over an 11-month period. The questionnaire evaluated the frequency of 18 symptoms of PHPT on a 5-point Likert scale ...
Hsu Andrew R - - 2013
Serum metal ion levels increase after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) regardless of bearing surface. We conducted a study to determine the effect of a second joint arthroplasty on existing serum metal ion levels at long-term followup. Twelve patients underwent primary THA and then either another THA (8 patients) or ...
Yousuf Beena B Department of Anesthesia, Al Adan Hospital, Ministry of Health, - - 2013
Postoperative shivering (POS) is a common and distressing experience occurring in up to 60% patients postoperatively. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of tramadol in preventing POS when used with two different induction agent, propofol or thiopentone. One hundred and twenty-four ASA I and II adult patients, aged ...
Hyngstrom John R JR Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, - - 2013
We aimed to prospectively assess limb volume change (LVC) and associated symptoms in patients with melanoma undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy and/or therapeutic lymph node dissection. Limb volume was measured preoperatively and postoperatively at 6 and 12 months using a perometer (1000 mol/l). LVC was calculated and used to define ...
Nascimento Bartolomeu B Department of General Surgery, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2013
Hemorrhage coupled with coagulopathy remains the leading cause of preventable in-hospital deaths among trauma patients. Use of a transfusion protocol with a predefined ratio of 1:1:1 (1 each of red blood cells [RBC], frozen plasma [FP] and platelets) has been associated with improved survival in retrospective studies in military and ...
George Amy - - 2013
Recurrence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a potential complication after mesh removal. We evaluated anatomical and functional outcomes preoperatively and postoperatively in patients undergoing mesh excision. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of consecutive patients who underwent mesh excision from years 2005 to 2009. Anatomical outcomes were evaluated using ...
Crane Andrea Kuntaraf - - 2013
The aim of this study was to estimate the rate of outlet constipation at 1 year after robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSCP) with and without a concomitant distal posterior repair (PR). We sought, first, to determine the rate of persistent outlet constipation and second, to determine de novo outlet constipation. This was ...
Duchesne Juan Carlos - - 2013
Although minimization of crystalloids is a widely adopted practice in the resuscitation of patients with severe hemorrhage, its direct impact on high-ratio resuscitation (HRR) outcomes has not been analyzed. We hypothesize that HRR patients will have worse outcomes from crystalloid use. This was a 4-year retrospective multi-institutional analysis (MIA) of ...
Smid Geert E - - 2013
PURPOSE: Military personnel exposed to combat are at risk for experiencing post-traumatic distress that can progress over time following deployment. We hypothesized that progression of post-traumatic distress may be related to enhanced susceptibility to post-deployment stressors. This study aimed at examining the concept of stress sensitization prospectively in a sample ...
Guérin Claude C Réanimation Médicale, Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, Hospices Civils de Lyon; Université de Lyon; and Creatis INSERM 1044, Lyon, France. - - 2013
Previous trials involving patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have failed to show a beneficial effect of prone positioning during mechanical ventilatory support on outcomes. We evaluated the effect of early application of prone positioning on outcomes in patients with severe ARDS. In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled ...
Demura Satoru - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The excessive systemic inflammatory response caused by surgery has been associated with the development of major complications, such as postoperative confusion and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The serum IL-6 has been used as a predictor in the extent of surgical trauma. Several trials have reported that steroid administration reduced ...
Wai Clifford Y CY Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. - - 2013
To identify factors that may contribute to patient satisfaction with outcome in women who received retropubic and transobturator midurethral slings. Satisfaction was assessed 12 months postsurgery as a planned analysis in 597 participants from a multicenter randomized trial comparing retropubic with transobturator midurethral slings using the Incontinence Surgery Satisfaction Questionnaire. ...
Jayaprasad Kiran - - 2013
Background Antithrombotic agents have been used in microvascular surgeries. Low molecular weight dextran (dextran 40), though used, is not without complications.Methods Retrospective analysis of 172 consecutive flaps. A comparison was made between two groups of patients (86 flaps each) with and without the use of dextran 40, in terms of ...
Kawaguchi Yoshiharu - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: An axial symptom is one of the postoperative problems after cervical laminoplasty. The range of motion (ROM) of the cervical spine decreases after laminoplasty. It is speculated that the reduction in neck ROM is one of the causes of axial symptoms. However, most reports have focused on ROM of ...
Deno Minako - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The current study investigated whether the influence of alexithymia on psychological distress (PD) differed according to the seriousness of complicated grief (CG) and the time since bereavement in the Japanese general population. METHODS: 1162 participants between 40 and 79 years of age (effective response rate: 58.8%) completed a cross-sectional ...
Lim Chae Seong - - 2013
5-HT3 receptor antagonist, dexamethasone and droperidol were used for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Recently, neurokinin-1 (NK1) antagonist has been used for PONV. We evaluated the effect of oral aprepitant premedication in addition to ondansetron. A total 90 patients scheduled for elective rhinolaryngological surgery were allocated to ...
Miller Pamela S - - 2013
Vital exhaustion, a psychological state characterized by extreme fatigue, is an independent predictor of future cardiac events. However, the attributes of vital exhaustion following coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery are poorly understood. The study objective was to assess correlates of vital exhaustion following CABG surgery. In a descriptive, exploratory study, ...
Maslekar S - - 2013
: Fecal incontinence is a distressing condition that is difficult to treat. Injection of bulking agents has been used to treat passive fecal incontinence. However, no long-term results are available. : The aim of this study was to assess the long-term clinical effectiveness of intra-anal injection of collagen for passive ...
Villar Jesús - - 2013
PURPOSE: The PaO(2)/FiO(2) is an integral part of the assessment of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The American-European Consensus Conference definition does not mandate any standardization procedure. We hypothesized that the use of PaO(2)/FiO(2) calculated under a standard ventilatory setting within 24 h of ARDS diagnosis allows a more ...
Ferguson Niall D - - 2013
Previous trials suggesting that high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) reduced mortality among adults with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) were limited by the use of outdated comparator ventilation strategies and small sample sizes. In a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial conducted at 39 intensive care units in five countries, we randomly ...
Young Duncan D John Radcliffe Hospital and the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) require mechanical ventilation to maintain arterial oxygenation, but this treatment may produce secondary lung injury. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) may reduce this secondary damage. In a multicenter study, we randomly assigned adults requiring mechanical ventilation for ARDS to undergo either HFOV with ...
Bein Thomas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome is characterized by damage to the lung caused by various insults, including ventilation itself, and tidal hyperinflation can lead to ventilator induced lung injury (VILI). We investigated the effects of a low tidal volume (V (T)) strategy (V (T) ≈ 3 ml/kg/predicted body weight [PBW]) using pumpless extracorporeal ...
Sigurdsson M I - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess population-based changes in incidence, treatment, and in short- and long-term survival of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) over 23 years. Analysis of all patients in Iceland who fulfilled the consensus criteria for ARDS in 1988-2010. Demographic variables, Acute Physiology and ...
Gould Justin - - 2013
A 28-year-old Gurkha soldier presented with signs of severe chest sepsis and respiratory distress. High-flow oxygen, broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics and intravenous fluids were started immediately. Bedside thoracic ultrasound demonstrated a moderate right pleural effusion suggestive of an empyema. A pleural aspirate was borderline for pleural infection, therefore, a chest drain ...
Culligan Patrick J - - 2013
: To compare the surgical outcomes 12 months after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy performed with porcine dermis and the current gold standard of polypropylene mesh. : Patients scheduled for laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy were eligible for this randomized controlled trial. Both our clinical research nurse and the patients were blinded as to which material ...
Lin Jyh-Woei - - 2013
Two-dimensional principal component analysis (2DPCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) are used to examine the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) data during the time period from 00:00 on August 21 to 12: 45 on August 31 (UT), which are 10 days before the M = 7.6 Philippines earthquake at 12:47:34 ...
Cruces Pablo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the efficacy and safety of recruitment maneuvers (RMs) in pediatric patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We therefore assessed the effects on gas exchange and lung mechanics and the possible detrimental effects of a sequential lung RMs and decremental positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration ...
Reddy Akhila A Department of Palliative Care and Rehabilitation Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Opioid rotation is used to treat uncontrolled pain and/or opioid-related adverse effects. Our aim was to determine the frequency, indications, outcomes, and predictors of successful opioid rotation in outpatients with cancer. Medical records of consecutive outpatients with cancer who received strong opioids and returned for follow-up visit within ≤6 weeks ...
Carlson Linda E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This randomized controlled trial examined the impact of an online routine screening for distress program on physical symptoms and common psychosocial and practical problems in lung cancer outpatients. METHOD: Patients were randomly assigned to either the minimal screening group (the Distress Thermometer plus usual care); full screening group (Distress ...
Voltolini Luca - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the impact of interstitial lung disease (ILD) on postoperative morbidity, mortality and long-term survival of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing pulmonary resection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 775 consecutive patients who had undergone lung resection for NSCLC between 2000 ...
Bansal Neeta N Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SG RRIHMS & Shri Mahant Indiresh Hospital, Patel Nagar, Dehradun, 248001 Uttarakhand - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate perinatal outcome and the rate of cesarean section (CS) following intrapartum amnioinfusion in women with meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). A total of 100 women at term in labor with meconium were randomized to infuse transcervical intrapartum amnioinfusion with saline (50) and routine ...
Deschamps Alain - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Autonomic nervous system dysfunction is a well-recognized but rarely evaluated risk factor for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. By measuring autonomic reserves in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery, the authors aimed to identify those with autonomic dysfunction and to evaluate their risk of perioperative complications. DESIGN: This was a prospective, ...
Bagchi Dipanjan - - 2012
Sore throat and hoarseness are common complications of endotracheal intubation. It may be very distressing for the patient and may lead to sleep disturbances and unpleasant memories. This prospective double-blinded randomized control trial was aimed to determine the efficacy of prophylactic intravenous dexamethasone to reduce the incidence of postoperative sore ...
Koski Michelle E - - 2012
To characterize our experience with colpocleisis in a urologic setting because it has not been documented broadly in the urologic literature. Retrospective review of demographics, urodynamics, presenting symptoms, complications, and outcomes for patients undergoing colpocleisis from 2001-2010 was performed. A questionnaire including the short forms of the Urinary Distress Inventory ...
Duchesne Juan C - - 2012
Hypertonic saline (HTS) is beneficial in the treatment of head-injured patients as a result of its potent cytoprotective effects on various cell lines. We hypothesize that low-volume resuscitation with 3 per cent HTS, when used after damage control surgery (DCS), improves outcomes compared with standard resuscitation with isotonic crystalloid solution ...
Lapidoth Moshe - - 2012
The main use of non-ablative fractional photothermolysis today is for the improvement of wrinkles and scars. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of a "classic" non-ablative fractional 1540nm on facial photodamaged skin and actinic keratoses. Seventeen patients with facial actinic keratoses (AKs) and photodamage underwent two ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >