Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1710
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Furusyo Norihiro - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the length of the treatment period and the cumulative dose of pegylated interferon alpha-2b (peg-IFN alpha-2b) plus ribavirin (RBV) and their effectiveness in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: Seven hundred and fifteen patients received peg-IFN ...
- - 2008
(1) In relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, the standard therapy (other than symptomatic treatment) is interferon beta. It prevents about one exacerbation every 2.5 years but has no demonstrated effect on the progression of disability. However, interferon beta can cause serious adverse effects. (2) Natalizumab, an immunosuppressant, has been approved for first-line ...
Malan D R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atazanavir (ATV), the first once-daily protease inhibitor approved for the treatment of HIV-1 infection, is recommended for use in antiretroviral (ARV) treatment-naive and -experienced patients. Study AI424-089 was a prospective, randomized, open-label, 96-week study comparing 2 ATV-based treatment regimens in ARV-naive HIV-infected patients. METHODS: Adults with HIV RNA levels ...
Afenyi-Annan Araba - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Duffy glycoprotein (Fy) on red blood cells (RBCs) has been hypothesized to promote clearance of inflammatory cytokines, which may play a role in the pathogenesis of vasoocclusion in sickle cell disease (SCD). Persons with the African-type Fy(a-b-) phenotype--whose RBCs lack expression of Duffy--may less efficiently clear inflammatory cytokines. ...
Nayman Alpat S - - 2008
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) during therapy was found to be improved in patients treated with peginterferon alpha-2a compared to patients receiving interferon alpha-2a. This study aimed to assess the effect of different pegylated interferon therapies used in the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C on HRQoL. Forty chronic ...
Gianotti Nicola - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the virological and immunological changes occurring in failing HIV-1 infected patients undergoing treatment interruption or lamivudine monotherapy (the E-184V Study). Associations were sought between the de-selection of individual reverse transcriptase and protease resistance mutations and replication capacity recovery, HIV-RNA ...
Selinger-Leneman Hana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Contrary to current HIV/AIDS management guidelines, and despite the arrival of potent combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) many years ago, some patients are still treated with dual nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) regimens. METHODS: We selected 5222 patients who received dual NRTI therapy for at least 6 months during 1998 ...
Larson Bruce A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This paper estimates the impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on days harvesting tea per month for tea-estate workers in Kenya. Such information is needed to assess the potential economic benefits of providing treatment to working adults. METHODS: Data for this analysis come from company payroll records for 59 HIV-infected ...
Delfraissy Jean-François - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents for HIV-1 infection recommend combining at least three agents. The toxicity, cost, and complexity of such regimens warrant the search for other options. METHODS: MONARK is a prospective, open-label, randomized, 96-week trial comparing the safety and efficacy of lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy with a ...
Bansi Loveleen K LK Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Hampstead Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London, NW3 2PF, UK. - - 2008
We investigated whether previous treatment interruptions are associated with a raised risk of viral rebound in individuals who have attained virological suppression. All patients achieving an undetectable viral load while on therapy were followed until viral rebound or the time of the last viral load. Poisson regression was used to ...
Gathe Joseph - - 2008
A multicenter, international, expanded access program (EAP) was initiated in October 2005 for patients failing multiple antiretroviral regimens. The primary objective was to provide early access to darunavir (DRV) (PREZISTA) co-administered with low-dose ritonavir (DRV/r) for antiretroviral-experienced patients who failed multiple regimens and had limited treatment options; the secondary objective ...
Castelnuovo Barbara - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A pruritic papular eruption (PPE) is a common skin manifestation observed in 12-46% of persons with HIV infection living in tropical countries. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether PPE responds to HAART and whether monitoring PPE severity could be used as a clinical marker to predict virological outcome in resource-limited settings ...
Schechter Barry A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term recurrence rate (>1 year) of conjunctival and corneal intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) treated with topical interferon alfa-2b. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight eyes of 26 patients from 2 institutions, treated between April 1997 and June 2005, with CIN lesions utilized topical interferon alfa-2b ...
Al Ashgar Hamad
<b>Background/Aim: </b> This retrospective study assessed the efficacy, safety, and the predictors of sustained viral response (SVR) to a 48-week-course of peginterferon &#945;-2a (Pegasys) and ribavirin combination therapy in 335 consecutive Saudi patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. <b>Materials and Methods:</b> Clinical, biochemical, and virological parameters were collected ...
Shams M. Kholoussi
This study aimed to investigate the influence of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the administration of chemotherapeutic treatment on serum interferon-gamma level. This study included 45 children of matched age, classified into 3 groups; group 1 was control group and included 15 normal healthy children, group 2 included 15 newly diagnosed ...
Qin Ya Zhen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients express the BCR-ABL transcript with the b2a2 (e13a2) and/or b3a2 (e14a2) junctions. However, some rare cases have atypical breakpoints. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified a CML patient with a unique e8a2 BCR-ABL transcript variant. It contained the first 114 nucleotides ...
Paul Friedemann - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent data from animal models of multiple sclerosis (MS) and from a pilot study indicated a possible beneficial impact of statins on MS. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Safety, tolerability and effects on disease activity of atorvastatin given alone or in combination with interferon-beta (IFN-beta) were assessed in a phase II open-label ...
Scotto Gaetano - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this randomized open-label study was to assess the efficacy of treatment with pegylated interferon-alpha-2a versus pegylated interferon-alpha-2b, both plus ribavirin, in inducing early and sustained virological response (EVR and SVR) in chronic hepatitis C non-responders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 108 patients with chronic hepatitis ...
Roffi Luigi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the efficacy, safety and tolerability of pegylated interferon plus ribavirin treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis Cvirus (HCV) infection and histologically proven fully established cirrhosis. We aimed here to evaluate the safety of this regimen in such patients and to identify baseline and on-treatment predictors ...
Jessner Wolfgang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Interferon (IFN)-resistant hepatitis C virus strains limit efficacy of antiviral combination therapy in patients infected with genotypes 1 and 4. A single test dose of IFN was useful to identify non-responders to IFN-alpha2b/ribavirin (RBV) or likely non-responders to pegylated (PEG)-IFN-alpha2a/RBV therapy in genotype 1 patients. Our aim was to ...
Currier Judith - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This Phase IIb study explored the antiviral activity and safety of the investigational CCR5 antagonist aplaviroc (APL) in antiretroviral-naive patients harbouring R5-tropic virus. METHODS: One hundred and forty-seven patients were randomized 2:2:1 to one of two APL dosing regimens or efavirenz (EFV). All dosage arms were administered twice daily ...
Berg Thomas - - 2008
On-treatment predictors of response could be useful in optimizing treatment for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 or 3. Early virological response (EVR) has limited value as a predictor of response in genotype 2 or 3 patients, as it is achieved by 97% of this population. However, rapid ...
Mansur Nariman - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increased life expectancy is associated with an increased prevalence of chronic diseases and drug consumption. Changes often occur in the medication regimen after hospitalization. The extent and nature of these changes and the adherence of elderly patients have not yet been fully investigated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent and ...
Murphy Robert L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate efficacy and tolerability of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) plus stavudine and lamivudine long term in antiretroviral-naïve patients. DESIGN: Open-label follow-up of prospective, randomized, multicenter trial. METHOD: Antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected subjects (N = 00) received of 3 doses of LPV/r plus stavudine and lamivudine for 48 weeks then received LPV/r soft-gel capsules ...
McKeage Kate - - 2008
The mechanism of action of interferon-[beta]-1b in multiple sclerosis (MS) is not clearly understood, but is thought to involve immunoregulatory activities, including enhancing the suppressor activity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In the planned 3-year analysis of the BENEFIT study in patients with a single clinical event suggestive of MS, ...
De Beaudrap Pierre - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In 1998, Senegal was among the first sub-Saharan African countries to launch a Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) access program. Initial studies have demonstrated the feasibility and efficacy of this initiative. Analyses showed a peak of mortality short after starting HAART warranting an investigation of early and late mortality ...
Mangia Alessandra - - 2008
It was hypothesized that in hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 patients, variable treatment duration individualized by first undetectable HCV RNA is as effective as standard 48-week treatment. Patients (n = 696) received peginterferon alfa-2a, 180 mg/week, or peginterferon alfa-2b, 1.5 mg/kg/week, plus ribavirin, 1000-1200 mg/day, for 48 weeks (standard, ...
Dalgard Olav - - 2008
A recent nonrandomized pilot trial showed that hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with genotype 2/3 and rapid virological response (RVR) had a 90% sustained virological response (SVR) rate after 14 weeks of treatment. We aimed to assess this concept in a randomized controlled trial. In the trial, 428 treatment-naïve HCV ...
Levesque N - - 2008
The goal of the 1-year observational, multicentre, open-label study reported here was to identify factors influencing adherence to high-dose interferon alfa-2b adjuvant therapy in patients at high risk of recurrence following surgical excision of malignant melanoma. The study was carried out in 23 tertiary-care centres across Canada.The 225 patients enrolled ...
Mahmood Sabina - - 2008
The risk of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is high in HCV-infected patients who have biochemically and histologically active chronic hepatitis. To observe the long prognosis of Chronic Hepatitis C (CHC) patients with stage 3 fibrosis (F3), 55 CHC patients after initial Interferon (IFN) therapy were followed up for up to 12 ...
Sharaf Eldin Noha - - 2008
The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of spontaneous viral clearance (SVC) after symptomatic acute hepatitis C and to evaluate the efficacy of 12 weeks of pegylated interferon alfa-2a in patients who did not clear the virus spontaneously. Patients with symptomatic acute hepatitis C were recruited from ...
Moreau Isabelle - - 2008
Pre-treatment HCV quasispecies complexity and diversity may predict response to interferon based anti-viral therapy. The objective of this study was to retrospectively (1) examine temporal changes in quasispecies prior to the start of therapy and (2) investigate extensively quasispecies evolution in a group of 10 chronically infected patients with genotype ...
Santos Jesús J Hospital Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga, Spain. - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of didadosine (ddI), lamivudine (3TC), and efavirenz (EFV). This was a follow-up to the VESD study, a 12-month open-label, observational, multicenter study of adult patients with HIV infection who started antiretroviral treatment with the ddI-3TC-EFV once-daily regimen. ...
Nakanjako Damalie D Infectious Diseases Institute, Facluty of Medicine, Makerere University Kampala, Uganda. - - 2008
A proportion of individuals who start antiretroviral therapy (ART) fail to achieve adequate CD4 cell reconstitution despite sustained viral suppression. We determined the frequency and clinical significance of suboptimal CD4 reconstitution despite viral suppression (SO-CD4) in an urban HIV research cohort in Kampala, Uganda. We analyzed data from a prospective ...
Han Qunying - - 2008
For chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, the effects of current therapies are limited. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the interferon beta-1a (IFN beta-1a) versus IFN beta-1a plus ribavirin (RBV) combination on Chinese treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C, a randomized, placebo-controlled study was performed. A total of ...
McHutchison J G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Treatment options are limited for patients with hepatitis C virus who do not experience sustained viral eradication with pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy. AIM: To compare, in an open-label, randomized study, long-term continuous interferon alpha-2b treatment with repeated 24-week courses in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus that relapsed ...
Minagar Alireza - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of combination therapy with intramuscular interferon beta-1a and oral doxycycline, a potent inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases, in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) having breakthrough disease activity. DESIGN: Open-label, 7-month trial. SETTING: Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport. PATIENTS: Fifteen patients ...
Koblavi-Dème, S.
OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in immune activation and reconstitution markers among HIV-1-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: Between November 1998 and February 2001, we analyzed changes in immune activation and reconstitution markers among 52 patients. Good virologic responders (n = 26) were defined as those ...
Kamal Sanaa M - - 2007
In patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 4, the optimum duration of therapy and the predictors of sustained virologic response (SVR) have not been adequately determined. In this study, 358 patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 4 were randomly assigned to pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alpha-2b (1.5 mug/kg/week) ...
Akman Sezin Asik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Interferon (IFN)-alpha and lamivudine (LAM), a nucleoside analog, are frequently used drugs for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and their combined therapy has been shown to be effective. The purpose of the present study was to examine the therapeutic efficacy of sequential and simultaneous combination therapies of ...
Pearlman Brian L - - 2007
In hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection, the duration of interferon-based therapy is a critical determinant in achieving sustained virologic response (SVR). Slow or late responders to peginterferon and ribavirin may benefit from an extended treatment course. We sought to determine if therapy extension could improve response rates in ...
Gewirtz Alan M - - 2007
Small molecules and antibodies have revolutionized the treatment of malignant diseases and appear promising for the treatment of many others. Nonetheless, there are many candidate therapeutic targets that are not amenable to attack by the current generation of targeted therapies, and in a small but growing number of patients, resistance ...
Papatheodoridis George V - - 2008
Currently available options for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection include standard and pegylated interferon alfa and four oral antiviral agents (lamivudine, adefovir, entecavir, and telbivudine). These treatment strategies are either therapies of finite duration that aim to achieve sustained off-therapy responses, or long-term treatments that aim ...
Lemstra Afina W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although the overall effects of cholinesterase inhibitors (CEIs) are limited, there could be a subpopulation of patients who experience unequivocal benefit. This study aimed to describe a clinical profile based on a combination of specific neuropsychological test scores and clinical symptoms associated with a favourable response to rivastigmine. METHODS: ...
Ferradini Laurent L Epicentre, Paris, France. - - 2007
African and Asian cohort studies have demonstrated the feasibility and efficacy of HAART in resource-poor settings. The long-term virological outcome and clinico-immunological criteria of success remain important questions. We report the outcomes at 24 months of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in patients treated in a Médecins Sans Frontières/Ministry of Health programme ...
Yurdaydin C - - 2007
High dose interferon treatment for 1 year is the only established treatment for chronic hepatitis D, but it is associated with a high relapse rate after treatment discontinuation. In this study, patients were treated with 10 MU interferon alpha 2b, thrice weekly for 2 years. Twenty-three patients were recruited and ...
Hasson Hamid - - 2007
In multidrug resistant patients treatment interruptions allow the selection of archived wild-type drug-susceptible viruses that compete for the less fit drug-resistant strains. However, the selection of viruses with increased replicative capacity is often followed by a loss of CD4+ T cells. In addition, drug resistant variants later re-emerge limiting the ...
Idoko J A - - 2007
This study examines the use of various direct observation therapy-HAART treatment support modalities in Jos, Nigeria. A 12-month observational study enrolling 175 antiretroviral naïve patients into four arms of direct observation therapy-HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy); daily observed therapy (DOT), twice weekly observed therapy (TWOT), weekly observed therapy (WOT) and ...
Kuloglu Zarife - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate histological changes with interferon monotherapy or interferon plus lamivudine combination therapy in children with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 31 children aged 2-13 years were randomly treated with interferon (IFN) (group 1, n = 16) or IFN plus simultaneously started lamivudine ...
Ajithkumar K - - 2007
This study evaluates the impact of a free antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme on the employment status of people living with HIV/AIDS. Patients on ART were interviewed regarding the employment status before and after ten months of enrollment into therapy. We included patients who were started on the free ART program ...
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