Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1725
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Scotto Gaetano - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and tolerability of Peg-Interferon alpha-2a (Peg-IFNalpha-2a) versus Peg-Interferon alpha-2b (Peg-IFNalpha-2b) were compared in a patient cohort with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related active chronic hepatitis, unresponsive to previous antiviral treatment with standard IFN (6 MU three times/week) plus ribavirin (10.6 mg/kg/day) for a period of at least 3 ...
Alam Shahinul - - 2008
There are remarkable advances in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in the last few years. Unfortunately, prolonged antiviral treatment is associated with increasing risk of drug resistance/viral breakthrough (VBT), which may lead to flare-up and rapid decompensation. We have designed this study to predict the pretreatment and on-treatment ...
- - 2008
Episodic use of antiretroviral therapy guided by CD4+ cell counts is inferior to continuous antiretroviral therapy. To determine whether reinitiating continuous antiretroviral therapy in patients who received episodic treatment reduces excess risk for opportunistic disease or death. Randomized, controlled trial. Sites in 33 countries. 5472 HIV-infected individuals with CD4(+) cell ...
Smith Jason P - - 2008
Chronic hepatitis C is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality and poses a considerable socioeconomic burden. Improved treatment regimens, including the standard of care pegylated interferon alfa and ribavirin, have increased sustained virologic response rates; however, treatment has a long duration and is often associated with adverse events that may ...
Yao Guangbi - - 2008
Entecavir demonstrated superior virologic and biochemical benefits over lamivudine at 48 weeks in nucleoside-naïve Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We evaluated the effect of continued entecavir and lamivudine treatment in patients who continued treatment in year 2 and the off-treatment durability of patients who achieved a protocol-defined consolidated ...
Andriulli A - - 2009
Guidelines for the treatment of patients infected with hepatitis C virus of genotypes 2 and 3 (HCV-2 and HCV-3, respectively) recommend a 24-week course of Peg-interferon (Peg-IFN) alpha-2a combined with ribavirin, despite 50% of patients in registration trials attaining a sustained virologic response (SVR) following Peg-IFN alpha-2a monotherapy. The aim ...
Nair Satheesh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In this article, we explore the virological response to two types of interferon based treatment in recurrent hepatitis C virus in liver recipients who received thymoglobulin induction. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients were randomized to receive PEG interferon alpha 2b (1.0 microg/kg per week), ribavirin (800 mg/d) plus amantadine (200 ...
Bonkovsky Herbert L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Adherence to chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treatment may be particularly challenging in methadone maintenance patients. We assessed the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin treatment in methadone maintenance patients previously untreated for CHC. METHODS: Patients were randomized 1:1 to direct observed therapy (DOT) or self-administration (SA) of peginterferon ...
Calza L - - 2008
Recent data indicate that fosamprenavir/ritonavir as part of an initial antiretroviral regimen in HIV-1-infected patients is associated with favourable efficacy and tolerability and in the KLEAN study (kaletra versus lexiva with epivir and abacavir in antiretroviral-naive patients) it was found to be non-inferior to lopinavir/ritonavir in association with abacavir/lamivudine. In ...
Balkissoon Ron - - 2008
The Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of Fluticasone 250 microg/Salmeterol 50 microg 1 puff bid for maintenance therapy in patients with COPD associated with chronic bronchitis. Short-acting beta agonists (SABA) have been the recommended rescue medication; however, previous studies have shown that combination short-acting Albuterol (alb) /Ipratropium bromide ...
Reau Nancy - - 2008
Adherence to ribavirin is one factor that is critically important in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection. However, ribavirin can be associated with clinically significant hemolytic anemia resulting in dose modifications in up to one-quarter of patients. Currently, baseline predictors of considerable anemia are not sufficiently discriminating for routine ...
Ortiz Roberto - - 2008
The present primary analysis of AntiRetroviral Therapy with TMC114 ExaMined In naive Subjects (ARTEMIS) compares the efficacy and safety of once-daily darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r) with that of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) in treatment-naive patients. Patients with HIV-1 RNA at least 5000 copies/ml were stratified by HIV-1 RNA and CD4 cell count in a ...
Duvivier Claudine - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact on body fat of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-sparing regimens compared with NRTI-containing therapy in HIV-1-infected antiretroviral (ARV)-naive patients. METHODS: A randomized, multicentre, open-label trial in ARV-naive patients. Subjects were randomized (2:1:1) to receive: (i) an NRTI-sparing regimen consisting ...
Lee Jung Il - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elevated pretreatment alanine aminotransferase (ALT) over two times the upper limit of normal reference range has been accepted as a marker for predicting HBeAg loss and an indicator for initiating antiviral therapy. Recently, several opinions argued that in patients aged over 40 years, the treatment should be started if ...
Bajaj Jasmohan S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE), the preclinical stage of overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE), is a significant condition affecting up to 60% of cirrhotics. All MHE therapies modify gut microflora, but consensus regarding MHE treatment and long-term adherence studies is lacking. The aim was to determine the effect of probiotic supplementation ...
Lacerda H R - - 2008
This study aimed to compare the outcome of an elderly group of AIDS patients with that of a younger group and their features at the time of the diagnosis of AIDS. We evaluated 58 patients aged >60 years and 114 aged 20-39 years, followed for 35.3 months. There was an ...
Elion Richard - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate efficacy, safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, adherence, and treatment satisfaction of atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) 300 mg/100mg and tenofovir DF/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) 300 mg/200mg once daily in antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected patients. METHOD: Single-arm, open-label, multicenter 48-week study. RESULTS: 100 patients were evaluated; 17 patients discontinued early including 6 for adverse events. There were 2 ...
Angelico Mario - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) treatment schedules on the basis of an early virological response (EVR), defined as undetectable serum HCV-RNA (<50 IU/ml) after a 12-week induction course of peginterferon alpha-2a (PEG-IFN) 180 mcg/week. METHODS: A total of 210 ...
Sherman Morris - - 2008
In hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B patients who were refractory to current lamivudine therapy, switching to entecavir was superior to continued lamivudine at week 48 for histologic improvement, viral load reduction by polymerase chain reaction and alanine aminotransferase normalization. We assessed the efficacy, safety, and resistance profile ...
Ferrer Elena - - 2008
We evaluated a single-class quadruple nucleoside/nucleotide regimen in a 96-week prospective one-arm pilot study in adult HIV-infected naive patients with CD4 >100 cells/microl. Standard zidovudine/lamivudine/abacavir and tenofovir doses were given. Virologic efficacy was evaluated by intent-to-treat (ITT), switch = failure and on-treatment (OT) analyses. A total of 54 patients were ...
Major Tamás - - 2008
Cidofovir is a cytosine nucleoside analogue antiviral drug given as an adjuvant therapy in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). Intralesional cidofovir therapy was given to a 14-year-old male patient. The papilloma severity score (PSS) of Derkay et al. was used for follow-up. Serial fresh-frozen biopsies were taken from the lesions in ...
Smurzynski Marlene - - 2008
ALLRT is a longitudinal cohort study of HIV-infected subjects prospectively randomized into selected clinical trials for antiretroviral (ARV) treatment-naïve and ARV treatment-experienced individuals conducted by the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG). We describe the rationale, design, and baseline characteristics of the ALLRT cohort and its potential to address important research ...
Luo K - - 2008
The response to interferon-alpha treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B under the current protocol is not satisfactory. The aim of this study was to try an alternative approach to improve treatment outcome. Of 374 HBeAg-positive patients, 127 of them received 5 million units of interferon-alpha thrice weekly for 6 ...
Pearlman Brian L - - 2008
With pegylated interferon and ribavirin, more than half of all chronically-infected hepatitis C patients can achieve a sustained virologic response; however, patients with genotype 1 infections and those with other poor prognostic factors have relatively inferior treatment response rates. Since new therapies are still years away from approval, it is ...
Vo Thi Tuyet Nhung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known about time trends, predictors, and consequences of changes made to antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens early after patients initially start treatment. METHODS: We compared the incidence of, reasons for, and predictors of treatment change within 1 year after starting combination ART (cART), as well as virological and ...
Iqbal S U - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Persistence with Hepatitis C therapy has been identified as a key variable for predicting treatment success. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the persistence with therapy for patients undergoing hepatitis C treatment in the VA healthcare system with two forms of combination therapies: peginterferon alfa-2a with ...
Kouanfack Charles - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare adherence to antiretroviral therapy using drug level monitoring and self-report and to explore the relation between these 2 methods and viral load measurements. METHODS: Sixty patients received a fixed-dose combination of nevirapine, stavudine, and lamivudine in a clinical study in Cameroon. Adherence was assessed every 6 months ...
Yu Ming-Lung - - 2008
Recommended treatment for hepatitis C virus genotype 1 (HCV-1) patients is peginterferon plus ribavirin for 48 weeks. We assessed whether treatment duration of 24 weeks is as effective as standard treatment in HCV-1 patients with a rapid virological response (RVR; seronegative for hepatitis C virus [HCV] RNA at 4 weeks). ...
Lodwick Rebecca K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the rate of treatment change due to toxicities in patients who achieved viral suppression within 6 months of starting antiretroviral therapy and who have never experienced virological failure. METHODS: Included patients attended the Royal Free Hospital in London, started antiretroviral therapy in 2000-2005, and achieved viral suppression ...
Staples E R - - 2008
Immunodeficiency affects over half of all patients with ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) and when present can contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality. A retrospective review of clinical history, immunological findings, ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) enzyme activity and ATM mutation type was conducted on 80 consecutive patients attending the National Clinic for ...
Harmatz Paul - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical benefits and safety of recombinant human arylsulfatase B (rhASB) treatment of mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI: Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome), a lysosomal storage disease. Fifty-six patients derived from 3 clinical studies were followed in open-label extension studies for a total period ...
Berenguer Marina - - 2008
The aim of our study was to conduct a systematic review of studies evaluating antiviral therapy with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alfa in combination with ribavirin for the management of recurrent hepatitis C after liver transplantation. Data sources included electronic databases and a manual search. Studies evaluating the efficacy and tolerability ...
Enomoto Masaru - - 2008
Aim: The endpoint of treatment with nucleoside analogs remains unclear for patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B. We report the results of a randomized trial to determine the optimal duration of additional therapy after response to lamivudine in HBeAg-negative patients. Methods: Twenty-two patients with HBeAg-negative chronic ...
Eron Joseph J - - 2008
The management of patients receiving therapy for human immunodeficiency virus infection has improved in recent years owing to factors such as new classes of antiretroviral drugs, new agents in existing classes, and reduced resistance rates when chronically infected patients begin treatment with preferred regimens. Transmitted resistance variants in approximately 10% ...
San Lio Massimo Magnano - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maintaining treatment adherence among the growing number of patients receiving antiretroviral treatment in Africa is a dramatic challenge. The objective of our study was to explore the results of a computerized pill count method and to test the validity, sensitivity, and specificity of this method with respect to viral ...
Derbala M F - - 2008
Summary.  Kinetics of hepatitis C virus (HCV) during pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and early monitoring of viral decline were recently described to predict treatment outcomes and in turn reduce the course of treatment, adverse effects and cost. However, there is limited (if any) information on the viral dynamics of HCV-4. Our ...
Sighinolfi L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is very less information on the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs and viro-immunological outcome over calendar years in Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed an analysis of a prospective observational cohort (MASTER) to assess antiretroviral drug use in first line HAART and explore whether initial treatment response changed ...
Metzler C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Uncontrolled vasculitis is the major cause of early death in Churg-Strauss syndrome and standard therapy is not always effective. This study was carried out to examine the safety and efficacy of interferon-alpha for induction of remission in patients with refractory Churg-Strauss syndrome. METHODS: In a prospective open-label trial, seven ...
Cuzin L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess virological efficacy of a ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (ATV/r)-containing regimen in patients with persistent viral replication despite HAART. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Prospective cohort of French HIV-infected patients. Patients were included if pretreated and viral load (VL) >400 copies/mL at the time of ATV/r first prescription (baseline). Demographic and epidemiologic ...
Lugaresi Alessandra - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Approved multiple sclerosis (MS) treatments include subcutaneous and intramuscular interferon beta (IFN-beta) Patient satisfaction during long-term IFN-beta treatment is crucial. This study investigated the satisfaction of patients with relapsing-remitting MS treated with IFN-beta-1a (Rebif) by the autoinjection system, Rebiject. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study recruited subjects with ...
Gallego A - - 2008
The aims of the present study were to assess initial virological response (IVR) to adefovir (ADV) treatment for chronic hepatitis B, to identify patients with suboptimal response and to determine the incidence of ADV-resistant mutants. All patients treated with ADV for at least 12 months were evaluated for virological response ...
Manosuthi W W Bamrasnaradura Infectious Diseases Institute, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand. - - 2008
There is limited comparative data between efavirenz (EFV) 600 mg/day and nevirapine (NVP) 400 mg/day-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-1 patients with tuberculosis (TB) and receiving rifampicin. A retrospective cohort study was conducted in all ART-naïve patients who were receiving rifampicin between January 2002 and December 2005. Of 188 patients, ...
Boyle Brian A BA Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, USA. - - 2008
In antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, pill burden, dosing frequency, and regimen complexity adversely affect adherence. We sought to evaluate the effect of regimen simplification on maintenance of virologic suppression and treatment adherence. In this 48-week, open-label, randomized study, 320 HIV-1-infected adult patients with a viral load of <50 copies/mL on a ...
Gross Robert R Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6021, USA. - - 2008
The time between onset of nonadherence and onset of virological failure is unknown. However, this information is critical to the design, implementation, and testing of interventions aiming to forestall treatment failure. We conducted an observational cohort study of 116 HIV-infected adults with virological suppression on efavirenz-based regimens. Patients were seen ...
Toyoda Hidenori - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear how we can shorten the treatment duration of antiviral combination therapy with peginterferon and ribavirin for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 infection who achieved a rapid virological response (RVR). AIM: We compared the efficacy of antiviral combination therapy with peginterferon and ribavirin ...
Jeong Soocheol - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Long-term interferon (IFN) therapy is effective in eliminating hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, it carries the risk of adverse effects and reduced quality of life. To assess whether short-term IFN therapy effectively eliminates HCV, we performed a prospective pilot study of pegylated (peg)IFN-alpha-2a therapy for 8 or ...
Marazzi Maria Cristina - - 2008
The response to treatment and risk factors for early mortality following initiation of combination antiretrovirals(ARVs) in a cohort of African patients are described in a retrospective cohort design. Medical history, laboratory parameters, and mortality data were reviewed for patients initiating ARVs in 12 clinical centers in Mozambique, Tanzania, and Malawi. ...
Walmsley Sharon L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Given the limited treatment options for patients with high-level resistance, antiretroviral (ARV) regimens based on concomitant use of 2 ritonavir (RTV)-boosted protease inhibitors (PIs) were considered a therapeutic option. METHODS: Boehringer Ingelheim (BI) study 1182.51 examined the pharmacokinetic profile, safety, and efficacy of RTV-boosted tipranavir (TPV/r), alone and in ...
Napoli N - - 2008
In patients with chronic hepatitis C, rapid virological response (RVR) at week 4 of treatment seems to be strongly associated with a high probability of achieving a sustained virological response (SVR). The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of different pegylated interferon-alpha2b (Peg-IFN-alpha2b) dosages plus ribavirin (RBV) ...
De Lazzari E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: A warning advising a higher risk of hepatotoxicity in antiretroviral-naive patients starting a nevirapine-containing combination antiretroviral therapy (NcART) has been issued by health authorities. It is unclear whether this higher risk also applies to stable virologically suppressed patients starting NcART. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of published randomized studies ...
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