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Demura Satoru - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The excessive systemic inflammatory response caused by surgery has been associated with the development of major complications, such as postoperative confusion and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The serum IL-6 has been used as a predictor in the extent of surgical trauma. Several trials have reported that steroid administration reduced ...
Wai Clifford Y CY Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. - - 2013
To identify factors that may contribute to patient satisfaction with outcome in women who received retropubic and transobturator midurethral slings. Satisfaction was assessed 12 months postsurgery as a planned analysis in 597 participants from a multicenter randomized trial comparing retropubic with transobturator midurethral slings using the Incontinence Surgery Satisfaction Questionnaire. ...
Jayaprasad Kiran - - 2013
Background Antithrombotic agents have been used in microvascular surgeries. Low molecular weight dextran (dextran 40), though used, is not without complications.Methods Retrospective analysis of 172 consecutive flaps. A comparison was made between two groups of patients (86 flaps each) with and without the use of dextran 40, in terms of ...
Kawaguchi Yoshiharu - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: An axial symptom is one of the postoperative problems after cervical laminoplasty. The range of motion (ROM) of the cervical spine decreases after laminoplasty. It is speculated that the reduction in neck ROM is one of the causes of axial symptoms. However, most reports have focused on ROM of ...
Deno Minako - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The current study investigated whether the influence of alexithymia on psychological distress (PD) differed according to the seriousness of complicated grief (CG) and the time since bereavement in the Japanese general population. METHODS: 1162 participants between 40 and 79 years of age (effective response rate: 58.8%) completed a cross-sectional ...
Lim Chae Seong - - 2013
5-HT3 receptor antagonist, dexamethasone and droperidol were used for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Recently, neurokinin-1 (NK1) antagonist has been used for PONV. We evaluated the effect of oral aprepitant premedication in addition to ondansetron. A total 90 patients scheduled for elective rhinolaryngological surgery were allocated to ...
Maslekar S - - 2013
: Fecal incontinence is a distressing condition that is difficult to treat. Injection of bulking agents has been used to treat passive fecal incontinence. However, no long-term results are available. : The aim of this study was to assess the long-term clinical effectiveness of intra-anal injection of collagen for passive ...
Miller Pamela S PS School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-0606, USA. - - 2013
Vital exhaustion, a psychological state characterized by extreme fatigue, is an independent predictor of future cardiac events. However, the attributes of vital exhaustion following coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery are poorly understood. The study objective was to assess correlates of vital exhaustion following CABG surgery. In a descriptive, exploratory study, ...
Villar Jesús - - 2013
PURPOSE: The PaO(2)/FiO(2) is an integral part of the assessment of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The American-European Consensus Conference definition does not mandate any standardization procedure. We hypothesized that the use of PaO(2)/FiO(2) calculated under a standard ventilatory setting within 24 h of ARDS diagnosis allows a more ...
Ferguson Niall D - - 2013
Previous trials suggesting that high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) reduced mortality among adults with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) were limited by the use of outdated comparator ventilation strategies and small sample sizes. In a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial conducted at 39 intensive care units in five countries, we randomly ...
Young Duncan D John Radcliffe Hospital and the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) require mechanical ventilation to maintain arterial oxygenation, but this treatment may produce secondary lung injury. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) may reduce this secondary damage. In a multicenter study, we randomly assigned adults requiring mechanical ventilation for ARDS to undergo either HFOV with ...
Bein Thomas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome is characterized by damage to the lung caused by various insults, including ventilation itself, and tidal hyperinflation can lead to ventilator induced lung injury (VILI). We investigated the effects of a low tidal volume (V (T)) strategy (V (T) ≈ 3 ml/kg/predicted body weight [PBW]) using pumpless extracorporeal ...
Sigurdsson M I - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess population-based changes in incidence, treatment, and in short- and long-term survival of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) over 23 years. Analysis of all patients in Iceland who fulfilled the consensus criteria for ARDS in 1988-2010. Demographic variables, Acute Physiology and ...
Gould Justin - - 2013
A 28-year-old Gurkha soldier presented with signs of severe chest sepsis and respiratory distress. High-flow oxygen, broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics and intravenous fluids were started immediately. Bedside thoracic ultrasound demonstrated a moderate right pleural effusion suggestive of an empyema. A pleural aspirate was borderline for pleural infection, therefore, a chest drain ...
Culligan Patrick J - - 2013
: To compare the surgical outcomes 12 months after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy performed with porcine dermis and the current gold standard of polypropylene mesh. : Patients scheduled for laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy were eligible for this randomized controlled trial. Both our clinical research nurse and the patients were blinded as to which material ...
Lin Jyh-Woei - - 2013
Two-dimensional principal component analysis (2DPCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) are used to examine the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) data during the time period from 00:00 on August 21 to 12: 45 on August 31 (UT), which are 10 days before the M = 7.6 Philippines earthquake at 12:47:34 ...
Cruces Pablo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the efficacy and safety of recruitment maneuvers (RMs) in pediatric patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We therefore assessed the effects on gas exchange and lung mechanics and the possible detrimental effects of a sequential lung RMs and decremental positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration ...
Reddy Akhila A Department of Palliative Care and Rehabilitation Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Opioid rotation is used to treat uncontrolled pain and/or opioid-related adverse effects. Our aim was to determine the frequency, indications, outcomes, and predictors of successful opioid rotation in outpatients with cancer. Medical records of consecutive outpatients with cancer who received strong opioids and returned for follow-up visit within ≤6 weeks ...
Carlson Linda E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This randomized controlled trial examined the impact of an online routine screening for distress program on physical symptoms and common psychosocial and practical problems in lung cancer outpatients. METHOD: Patients were randomly assigned to either the minimal screening group (the Distress Thermometer plus usual care); full screening group (Distress ...
Voltolini Luca - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the impact of interstitial lung disease (ILD) on postoperative morbidity, mortality and long-term survival of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing pulmonary resection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 775 consecutive patients who had undergone lung resection for NSCLC between 2000 ...
Bansal Neeta N Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SG RRIHMS & Shri Mahant Indiresh Hospital, Patel Nagar, Dehradun, 248001 Uttarakhand - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate perinatal outcome and the rate of cesarean section (CS) following intrapartum amnioinfusion in women with meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). A total of 100 women at term in labor with meconium were randomized to infuse transcervical intrapartum amnioinfusion with saline (50) and routine ...
Deschamps Alain - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Autonomic nervous system dysfunction is a well-recognized but rarely evaluated risk factor for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. By measuring autonomic reserves in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery, the authors aimed to identify those with autonomic dysfunction and to evaluate their risk of perioperative complications. DESIGN: This was a prospective, ...
Bagchi Dipanjan - - 2012
Sore throat and hoarseness are common complications of endotracheal intubation. It may be very distressing for the patient and may lead to sleep disturbances and unpleasant memories. This prospective double-blinded randomized control trial was aimed to determine the efficacy of prophylactic intravenous dexamethasone to reduce the incidence of postoperative sore ...
Koski Michelle E - - 2012
To characterize our experience with colpocleisis in a urologic setting because it has not been documented broadly in the urologic literature. Retrospective review of demographics, urodynamics, presenting symptoms, complications, and outcomes for patients undergoing colpocleisis from 2001-2010 was performed. A questionnaire including the short forms of the Urinary Distress Inventory ...
Duchesne Juan C - - 2012
Hypertonic saline (HTS) is beneficial in the treatment of head-injured patients as a result of its potent cytoprotective effects on various cell lines. We hypothesize that low-volume resuscitation with 3 per cent HTS, when used after damage control surgery (DCS), improves outcomes compared with standard resuscitation with isotonic crystalloid solution ...
Lapidoth Moshe - - 2012
The main use of non-ablative fractional photothermolysis today is for the improvement of wrinkles and scars. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of a "classic" non-ablative fractional 1540nm on facial photodamaged skin and actinic keratoses. Seventeen patients with facial actinic keratoses (AKs) and photodamage underwent two ...
Hagele Thomas J - - 2012
Background:Topical fluorouracil and cryotherapy are among the most commonly used treatments for actinic keratosis. Evidence shows that 0.5% fluorouracil has similar efficacy and is better tolerated than 5% fluorouracil. Evidence also shows that combination therapy with cryosurgery and fluorouracil is beneficial.Objective:To examine fluorouracil and cryotherapy use in the treatment of ...
Chua Hannah Daile P - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare the psychological changes of patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) undergoing maxillary Le Fort I advancement by distraction osteogenesis (DO) and conventional orthognathic surgery (CO). Prospective randomized controlled study. Participants completed a set of questionnaires to measure their psychological states preoperatively ...
Werdan Karl - - 2012
AIM: Several clinical trials have demonstrated the antianginal and anti-ischemic efficacy of ivabradine in combination with beta-blocker in patients with stable angina pectoris. The ADDITIONS (PrActical Daily efficacy anD safety of Procoralan(®) In combinaTION with betablockerS) study evaluated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of ivabradine added to beta-blocker, and its ...
Bansal Sandeep - - 2012
Objective. To demonstrate the risk associated with blocked proximal tracheal stents when a patient presents with acute respiratory distress, with blockage of stent and what is the best management we can offer without damage to the stent and its associated complications. Case Report. A 22-yr-old, male patient, presented in severe ...
Matsuda E - - 2012
Background: HIV-associated lipoatrophy in a common and stigmatizing side effect of HIV infection, is aggravated by antiretroviral therapy; its presence causes distress and compromises adherence to therapy. PMMA filling is often associated with pain and discomfort. Objective: To evaluate outpatient intervention using local dentistry anesthesia. Methods: Patients complaining of facial ...
Haugen Anne Julsrud - - 2012
Few studies have investigated prognostic factors for patients with sciatica, especially for patients treated without surgery. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with non-success after 1 and 2 years of follow-up and to test the prognostic value of surgical treatment for sciatica. The study was a prospective ...
Kumar Mehandar M Department of Internal Medicine, Trinitas Regional Medical Center, Seton Hall University School of Health and Medical Sciences, New Jersey, - - 2012
Coumadin is the standard oral anticoagulant used in a variety of clinical conditions. Coumadin inhibits the vitamin-K dependent gamma-carboxylation of coagulation factors II, VII, IX, X and the anticoagulant proteins C and S. Rarely, skin necrosis occurs when the resultant initial procoagulant state in the first few days of starting ...
Fitzpatrick John M - - 2012
To evaluate the management of acute urinary retention (AUR) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in real-life practice. To identify predictors of successful trial without catheter (TWOC). In all, 6074 men catheterized for painful AUR were enrolled in a prospective, cross-sectional survey conducted in public and private urology practices in ...
Tarsitani Lorenzo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate perioperative factors associated with the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients who underwent cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Single academic center. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-eight consecutive patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were interviewed within ...
Merritt Robert E - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) commonly affects patients after general thoracic surgery. Postoperative AF increases hospital stay and charges. Effective prophylaxis and treatment is the goal. Calcium channel blockers prevent postoperative AF. Beta blockers are a less viable choice. Amiodarone prophylaxis should be avoided in patients with pulmonary dysfunction or who require ...
Bihan H - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Lower-income subgroups consume fewer servings of fruit and vegetables (FVs) compared with their more advantaged counterparts. To overcome financial barriers, FV voucher delivery has been proposed.Subjects/Methods:In a 12-month trial, 302 low-income adults 18-60 years old (defined by evaluation of deprivation and inequalities in health examination centers, a specific deprivation score) ...
Kerin Nicholas Z - - 2011
Supraventricular tachyarrhythmias including atrial fibrillation are common and troubling complications after cardiac surgery, and thus considerable interest in pharmacologic prophylaxis has developed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of sotalol in the prevention of postoperative supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. Standard methods of meta-analysis were used. Randomized clinical trials ...
Hashemzadeh Mehrnoosh - - 2011
β-adrenergic blocking agents have been in use for nearly 40 years. β-blockers have been more thoroughly studied in the past twenty years as they have become commonly prescribed to heart failure patients. The class of β-blockers has grown considerably and has many pharmaceutical applications in patients with heart failure. Carvedilol ...
Petrella Robert - - 2011
Background: Efficacy of blood pressure (BP) lowering may differ between clinical trials and what is observed in clinical practice. These differences may contribute to poor BP control rates among those at risk. OBJECTIVE: We conducted an observational study to determine the BP-lowering efficacy of angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) versus non-ARB-based ...
Baldasseroni Samuele - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The predictive role of hyponatremia has been tested in acute and chronic heart failure. Sodium level is inversely related with renin-angiotensin-aldersterone system (RAAS) and sympathetic nervous activity but important issues remain unresolved. Our aim was to define the level of hyponatremia able to predict 1-year outcomes and investigate the ...
Bailey Suzanne - - 2011
This study was undertaken to compare pain, healing time, infection rate, and cosmetic outcome between Aquacel Ag (Convatec) and Glucan II (Brennan Medical) as donor site dressings. The authors performed a prospective, randomized, patient-controlled study. Eligible patients had two donor sites harvested. One site was dressed with Aquacel Ag and ...
de Leon P M M - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate the effect of three cryopreservation methods on the in vitro maturation (IVM) and membrane integrity (MIn) of immature equine oocytes. An open pulled straw (OPS) method, a novel solid surface vitrification (SSV) process, and the addition of a synthetic ice blocker were evaluated. Compared with ...
Kruep Eric J - - 2011
Recent clinical trials indicate that combining an alpha blocker for rapid symptom improvement and a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor (5-ARI) to reduce the risk of clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) may be an optimal approach to management; however, few studies have evaluated the effect of combination therapy on clinical ...
Brinkman William T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Since 2007, the use of preoperative β-blockers has been used as a quality standard for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Recent studies have called into question of the benefit of empiric preoperative β-blocker use. METHODS: Data were extracted from our Society of Thoracic Surgeons certified database for ...
Rohrer Colleen K - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) are two conditions that commonly coexist in men 60 years and older. Carvedilol is the only β-adrenergic blocker approved for HF that also has additional α1-adrenergic blockade. As α1-adrenergic blockers are used in the treatment of BPH, it is intuitive that carvediolol ...
Maddur Haripriya - - 2011
AIMS: Esophageal varices (EVs) are prevalent among cirrhotics and their bleeding leads to substantial morbidity and mortality. Management guidelines available during this study recommended beta-blocker therapy for primary prophylaxis and beta-blocker or band ligation (EVL) for secondary prophylaxis. We evaluated prophylaxis practice patterns. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study ...
Matsuzaki Masunori - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Current guidelines recommend the use of multiple medications for hypertension. The present study was aimed at determining which combination was optimal to prevent cardiovascular events. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint trial. Hypertensive outpatients aged between 40 and 85 years who did not achieve target blood pressure ...
Ségéral Olivier - - 2011
Abstract There are few long-term data on ART-experienced patients in resource-limited settings. We performed a cross-sectional study of HIV-infected patients included in the ESTHER program in Calmette hospital, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, after 36 ± 3 months of cART. Therapeutic, clinical, and immunovirological outcomes were compared between patients who stated they were ART-naive ...
Yedibela Süleyman - - 2011
Yedibela S, Demir R, Melling N, Aydin Ü, Schuppan D, Müller V, Hohenberger W, Schönleben F. Antiviral re-treatment of IFN-Ribavirin non-responders for recurrent post-transplantation hepatitis C. Clin Transplant 2011: 25: 131-135. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract: Background:  The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy and ...
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