Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1710
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de Bruin M - - 2005
The objectives of this study were to describe and pilot-test a theory- and evidence-based intervention to improve adherence of HIV-infected patients with antiretroviral medication. Twenty-six treatment-experienced patients (>6 months on treatment) participated in a within-subject comparison design. Adherence was measured electronically with Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS) caps for at ...
Panahi Yunes - - 2005
Bronchiolitis has been known as one of the pathological features of lung injuries in mustard gas exposed patients.The purpose of this research was to evaluate the efficacy of interferon gamma-1b on the lung function in mustard gas exposed patients with bronchiolitis. In multicenter research interferon gamma-1b was effective in pulmonary ...
Nagayama Ryozo - - 2005
Reappearance of HCV-RNA followed by exacerbation of biochemical parameters after combination therapy consisting of interferon and ribavirin is an obstacle to achieve sustained response and improve long-term prognosis. We hypothesed that ribavirin monotherapy after 6 months of combination therapy may improve sustained viral and biochemical responses, and conducted a prospective, ...
Akuta Norio - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The long-term effects of multi-course interferon (IFN) monotherapy in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) are still unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To evaluate the effects of multi-course IFN on hepatocarcinogenesis and survival, a follow-up study was conducted comprising 454 consecutively recruited non-cirrhotic naive patients infected with HCV, who ...
Moreno Planas J M - - 2005
The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of antiviral therapy in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence after liver transplantation (OLT). We included 30 patients of mean age 56 years, who experienced HCV recurrence after OLT. Mean time from OLT to the beginning of therapy was ...
Chan Henry Lik-Yuen - - 2005
We have previously demonstrated that combination peginterferon and lamivudine treatment has superior antiviral efficacy to lamivudine monotherapy in chronic hepatitis B. In this study, we investigated the long-term posttreatment virological response to this combination treatment. Sustained virological response of patients who completed 32-week peginterferon and 52-week lamivudine combination treatment was ...
Hartmann Martin M Department of Dermatology, University of Heidelberg, Germany. - - 2005
The non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) efavirenz (EFV) and nevirapine (NVP) taken in combination with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) have both shown to be just as highly effective as protease inhibitors (PIs) in reducing viral load in patients infected with HIV. Our study compares the performance of these two ...
Heathcote J - - 2005
The combination of pegylated interferon alpha and ribavirin has improved treatment success rates in patients with hepatitis C with sustained response rates of just over 50% overall and more than 70% for those with genotypes 2 and 3. This article reviews the use of combination therapy, contraindications, factors influencing response ...
Masquelier Bernard - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In HIV-infected patients on first-line antiretroviral therapy, the significance of intermittent viremia and their relationship with drug resistance remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To study the virological characteristics of intermittent viremia (IV) and the association between IV and later virological failure (VF) in patients on a first-line, PI-containing therapy. STUDY DESIGN: ...
van Zonneveld M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Treatment with interferon-alpha has been shown to be effective in one-third of hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B patients, but is clinically associated with relevant adverse events. AIM: To investigate the safety of pegylated interferon alpha-2b in 300 hepatitis B e antigen-positive patients with compensated liver disease. METHODS: ...
Rataj Dorota - - 2005
Melanoma is the fastest growing solid tumor in men and women, and despite accounting for only 4% of skin cancer cases, it accounts for more than 79% of skin cancer-related deaths. The present study was designed to evaluate the impact of interferon (IFN) treatment on patients' quality of life (QOL) ...
Wohl D A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reconstitution of immune function during potent antiretroviral therapy can prompt discontinuation of maintenance cytomegalovirus (CMV) therapy but has also been associated with sight-threatening inflammatory conditions including immune recovery uveitis (IRU). METHOD: Patients with inactive CMV retinitis and a CD4+ cell count above 100/mm3, receiving CMV therapy and stable combination ...
Iino S - - 2005
Thymalfasin (thymosin alpha-1; Talpha1) is a 28-amino acid polypeptide that has shown efficacy in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term, dose-related efficacy and safety of Talpha1 treatment in chronic hepatitis B patients with positive HBV-DNA and abnormally ...
Gaffney D K - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of RNA collection in a multi-institutional cooperative group setting to be utilized for micro-array gene expression analysis, and to describe the methodology. METHODS: RTOG C0128, a phase I-II, protocol was designed to look at the safety and efficacy of external beam radiation therapy to 45 ...
Marzano Alfredo - - 2005
The combination of lamivudine and hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) reduces the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after liver transplantation (LT). However, the efficacy of this strategy and the need for combined therapy with adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) in patients who select lamivudine-resistant strains (YMDD) before surgery is still unknown. ...
Pérez-Elías Maria Jesús - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Regimens with two nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) plus tenofovir DF have been associated with a high failure rate when administered as first line therapy. Little is known about patients with undetectable viral loads who are switched to these regimens. METHODS: A post-hoc review of the virological outcomes ...
Roca Bernardino - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) containing didanosine taken twice daily was compared with HAART containing didanosine taken once daily in terms of adherence and efficacy. METHOD: This was a self-controlled prospective cohort study, carried out in a tertiary level hospital. A total of 49 HIV-infected patients were included. They ...
Dixit Ashish - - 2005
Pharmacological agents such as hydroxyurea (HU) have been known to cause induction of fetal hemoglobin and possibly may alleviate the symptoms in thalassemia intermedia patients. Thirty-seven patients with beta-thalassemia intermedia were enrolled to assess response to HU therapy. Major response was defined as transfusion independence or hemoglobin rise of more ...
Toniutto Pierluigi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, regimens including pegylated interferon-alpha are superior to those including standard interferon; the present retrospective study was performed to verify whether the same is applicable to biopsy-proven recurrent hepatitis C (genotype 1b) after liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS: Twenty-four patients (16 male) ...
Tabaru Akinari - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The efficacy of interferon (IFN)-based antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) varies depending on predictive factors such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype and viral load. For patients with good predictive factors, a low dose and short course of IFN-based therapy may be adequate. However, there ...
Stanulla Martin - - 2005
CONTEXT: Early response to multiagent chemotherapy, including mercaptopurine, as measured by minimal residual disease is an important prognostic factor for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) is involved in the metabolism of mercaptopurine and subject to genetic polymorphism, with heterozygous individuals having intermediate and homozygous mutant individuals ...
Broers Barbara - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Treatment with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) may eradicate HCV in most acute hepatitis C patients, thus preventing chronic hepatitis and avoiding less efficacious combination therapy. METHODS: In a prospective study, we evaluated the impact of barriers to successful start and completion of treatment of acute and subacute (<12 months from infection) ...
Shen Wei-sheng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Ganxian recipe (GXR) and lamivudine (LVD) in a two-year treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with CHB were randomly divided into the combinedly treated group (combined group) of 40 CHB patients who were treated with GXR combined ...
Tin Ei Ei - - 2005
A descriptive, combined retrospective and prospective study was conducted at the Anonymous Clinic, Chon Buri Hospital, Chon Buri Province, Thailand from November 10, 2003 to January 4, 2004. A total of 83 adult HIV-treatment-naïve patients undergoing treatment with GPO-VIR (stavudine, lamivudine, and nevirapine) for at least one year were studied. ...
Santantonio Teresa - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Interferon (IFN) monotherapy significantly reduces the chronicity rate of acute hepatitis C (AHC) but optimal regimen and treatment timing remain undefined. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 6-month course of pegylated IFN (PEG-IFN) alpha-2b monotherapy in AHC patients and to investigate if IFN ...
Fournier S - - 2005
To assess the antiviral response to optimized therapy following genotypic resistance testing and to identify factors associated with virological response in HIV-1-infected patients failing antiretroviral therapy. A prospective cohort study was conducted in 344 HIV-1-infected patients who underwent genotypic resistance testing because of virological failure. Virological response was defined as ...
Quercia Romina R Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hotel-Dieu, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, - - 2005
To evaluate the efficacy of salvage regimens containing ritonavir-boosted amprenavir (APV/r) or fosamprenavir (FPV/r) in heavily pretreated protease inhibitor (PI)-experienced HIV-1 patients. Evaluation of APV/r- or FPV/r-containing antiretroviral regimens in PI-experienced HIV-1 patients with 2 or more antiretroviral failures. Follow-up continued to 96 weeks with prospective collection of data. 54 ...
Molina Jean-Michel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The antiviral efficacy of didanosine in patients experiencing virological failure is not well known. METHODS: A total of 168 patients (139 men and 29 women) receiving stable antiretroviral therapy with plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA levels of 1000-100,000 copies/mL were randomly assigned to have didanosine (n=111) ...
Sobaci Güngör - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the management and long-term outcome of patients with serpiginous choroiditis (SPC) treated with interferon (IFN) alpha-2a. DESIGN: Prospective, non-comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Five patients (8 eyes) with active vision-threatening SPC, who failed to respond and/or presented with side effects to the combination of steroid-cyclosporin-A or chlorambucil, at ...
You Jing - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of thymosin-alphal (T-alpha1) with that of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in patients with chronic hepatitis B who were positive for hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and hepatitis B envelope antibody (anti-HBe). METHODS: Fifty-six patients were randomly divided into groups A and ...
Causse Xavier - - 2005
AIM: About 45% of patients with chronic hepatitis C are unresponsive to the present reference treatment combining pegelated interferon plus ribavirin; before pegylated interferon was available the non-response rate was around 60%. This open multicenter pilot study, initiated before pegylated interferon became available, was designed to evaluate, in patients unresponsive ...
Oguz Dilek - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of amantadine plus interferon-alpha and ribavirin in non-responder patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: Twenty-six non-responder patients received the regimen of IFN-alpha-2a at a dose of 6 million units three times a week, 1 000-1 200 mg of ribavirin daily, and 200 mg of amantadine ...
Cardiello Peter G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Structured treatment interruption was evaluated in 74 patients who had been pretreated with antiretrovirals, consisting of 2 nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) for 1 year followed by 3 years of highly active antiretroviral therapy containing a protease inhibitor. METHODS: Patients with a CD4 cell count of > or =350 cells/microL ...
Napoli Nicola - - 2005
Early virological response (EVR) to different interferon-based regimens plus ribavirin and its ability to predict the outcome of therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C were investigated. The study design was as follows: 64 naive patients were considered, 32/64 received pegylated interferon alpha-2b (Peg-IFN-alpha2b) plus ribavirin and the remaining 32 ...
Tallur K Kamath - - 2005
Homocystinuria due to 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency may present with variable neurological manifestations. Radiological features include white matter changes (leukoencephalopathy). Clinical, biochemical, and radiological response to treatment may again be variable. Here we present a 12-year follow-up of two siblings on the same treatment regimen, with contrasting long-term findings. The first ...
Raptopoulou M - - 2005
The aim was to demonstrate adherence to treatment has been suggested to enhance rates of sustained response in patients with hepatitis C. In this study, we evaluated the effect of drug dosage reduction or the duration of the expected therapy in patients treated with interferon (IFN)-alpha2b plus ribavirin. Virologic response ...
Yu Ming-Lung - - 2005
Interferon-alpha monotherapy is effective in less than one-third patients with chronic hepatitis C. The dose-effect, tolerability and durability of interferon-alpha treatment and its long-term effect on the prevention of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in naive Taiwanese patients with chronic hepatitis C have not been well investigated. We conducted the present ...
Gunsar Fulya - - 2005
The only beneficial agent for the treatment of chronic delta hepatitis (CDH) is interferon (IFN). However, there is no consensus on the best dosage or duration of IFN therapy. As ribavirin (RBV) increases the sustained response when added to IFN in chronic hepatitis C, probably because of its immunomodulatory effect, ...
Ouzan Denis - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pegylated interferon given for 24 or 48 weeks constitutes the most effective initial therapy for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. It has been shown that viral load at week 2 appears the best time for predicting response to treatment. The objectives of this study were to assess whether ...
Laurent Christian - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term survival, as well as the immunologic and virologic effectiveness, adherence, and drug resistance, in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in one of the oldest and best-documented African cohorts. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study included the first 176 HIV-1-infected adults followed in ...
Yoon Seung Kew - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the long-term effects of lamivudine in 461 Korean patients with chronic hepatitis B who were treated for more than 12 months. The annual rates of virological response and breakthrough were examined and the predictive factors for post-treatment relapse in 114 patients ...
Murdoch David - - 2005
Subcutaneous recombinant interferon-beta-1a (Rebif) 22 or 44 microg three times weekly is a valuable option in the first-line treatment in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). It has shown benefits on outcome measures related to relapses, progression of disability and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in clinical trials. A significant efficacy ...
Bozkaya Hakan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine the short-term natural course of viraemia and the response to lamivudine treatment in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients with a persistently low hepatitis B virus (HBV)-DNA level. METHODS: A total of 55 patients were included. Group 1 consisted of 37 patients with low-level viraemia ...
Kamei Satoshi - - 2005
The authors recently observed alterations in the quantitative EEG findings in patients with chronic hepatitis C who were treated with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha). However, the factors that influenced such EEG alterations remain unclear. The authors evaluated the correlation between QEEG alterations that occurred during IFN-alpha treatment and the age of 98 ...
Shepherd Jonathan - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical-effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of pegylated interferon alfa (2a and 2b) combined with ribavirin in previously untreated patients with moderate to severe chronic hepatitis C, compared with the current standard treatment, which is nonpegylated interferon alfa combined with ribavirin. METHODS: Systematic review and economic evaluation. A sensitive ...
de Souza Júnior Odilon - - 2005
The aim of our study was to evaluate the benefits of supplementation with 800 mg/day of alpha-tocopherol with regard to cellular viability in HIV-1 seropositive patients undergoing anti-retroviral therapy. A total of 29 patients participated in the study, of whom 14 were given the supplement and 15 a placebo. The ...
Paton N I - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the combination of hydroxychloroquine, hydroxyurea and didanosine. METHODS: We recruited antiretroviral-naive patients with viral loads less than 100 000 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL and CD4 counts greater than 150 cells/microL. All patients received hydroxychloroquine (200 mg), hydroxyurea (500 mg) and didanosine (125-200 ...
Tsubota Akihito - - 2005
An investigation was carried out to determine whether early viral monitoring could predict efficiently the virological response to combination therapy of two different regimens in treatment-naive chronic hepatitis C patients infected with genotype 1b with high baseline viral load. Patients were randomly assigned to receive interferon (IFN) alpha-2b induction (6 ...
Kim Tae Hun - - 2005
In chronic hepatitis C, early viral load decline after interferon administration is dose dependent and reflects the intrinsic viral susceptibility to the antiviral action of interferon. We examined whether the augmented suppression of susceptible viral loads by high-dose induction interferon could possibly discriminate responsive patients from non-responsive patients at an ...
Jordan J - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare treatment satisfaction with triple nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) regimens including abacavir (ABC) to HAART regimens that include protease inhibitors (PIs) and to estimate the relationship between patient satisfaction and adherence to HAART. Three open-label clinical trials ...
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