Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1710
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Mukherjee S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) is often treated with interferon and ribavirin combination therapy but results have been disappointing. Given the promising results reported with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for hepatitis C, this combination is now preferred for the treatment of recurrent HCV. This article reports a transplantation program's ...
Skiest Daniel J - - 2005
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndromes (IRIS) in patients with AIDS are characterized by atypical manifestations of opportunistic pathogens in patients experiencing improvement in CD4 cell counts following receipt of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). We report four cases of IRIS due to Cryptococcus neoformans in three patients and review the literature ...
Bouscary Didier - - 2005
Patients (n=47) with low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome were treated with thalidomide [200 mg/d, increased by 200 mg/d/4 weeks up to week 16]. Responses were evaluated according to the International Working Group criteria at week 16 for 39 patients who received at least 8 weeks of treatment. Twenty-three (59%) patients showed haematological ...
Srivastava Savita - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The sustained virological response (SVR) to non-pegylated interferon-based regimens for chronic hepatitis-C virus (HCV) has been lower among African Americans compared to Caucasians, a finding attributed to the high proportion of genotype-1 infections in African Americans. To determine whether such a difference in SVR is still present with pegylated ...
Brechtl John R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify potential predictive variables of death within 6 months in patients with advanced AIDS. METHODS: Investigators enrolled a consecutive series of patients with advanced AIDS admitted to a skilled nursing facility in New York City over a 1-year period. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and outcome data ...
Nakamuta Makoto - - 2005
AIM: To further evaluate the relationship between BSA and the effects of lamivudine in a greater number of cases and over a longer period of observation than in our previous evaluation. METHODS: We evaluated 249 patients with chronic hepatitis B. The effects of treatment for one year (n = 249), ...
Sabine C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the rate of new AIDS events over the first year of HAART in patients with different characteristics and to describe the decrease in incidence of AIDS between the first and second 6 months of the year in these patients. DESIGN: Collaboration of cohort studies from Europe and ...
Lobo Iza M F - - 2006
Controlled heat delivered as radio waves has been used successfully in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Here we investigated whether local heat therapy has systemic effects, as measured by the modulation of cytokine production following heat therapy of CL lesions compared with antimonial (Glucantime) treatment. Patients with CL were ...
Legorreta A - - 2005
Adherence to a fixed dose combination of dual nucleoside antiretroviral therapy was compared between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients newly started on a fixed dosed combination of lamivudine (3TC) 150 mg/zidovudine (ZDV) 300 mg versus its components taken as separate pills. Medicaid pharmacy claims data were used for analyses. To ...
Fendt J - - 2005
Ivermectin treatment will effectively diminish microfilariae (Mf) of Onchocerca volvulus in the skin of patients, but therapy is associated with adverse host inflammatory responses. To investigate the association of proinflammatory chemokines with the intensity of infection and clinical adverse reactions, chemokine serum levels were measured in patients following ivermectin treatment ...
Herzmann Christian - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) used for the treatment of HIV can a cause distal symmetrical peripheral polyneuropathy by disruption of mitochondrial metabolism. Treatment with acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) has shown short-term symptomatic and histological improvement. Long-term effects have not been investigated. PURPOSE: To assess the subjective and objective degree ...
Tuboi Suely H - - 2005
To assess predictors of virologic response 6 months after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in a cohort of HIV-infected patients in Brazil. Treatment-naive patients who started HAART between 1996 and 2004 and had information on viral load at 3-9 months were included. Information was collected on demographic characteristics, ...
El-Zayadi Abdel-Rahman - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Currently, pegylated interferon is the most effective therapy for hepatitis C but its cost is out of reach of most patients in the developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the response rate of genotype-4 patients to 24 wks of peg-interferon-alpha2b (Peg-IFN-alpha2b) and ribavirin ...
Oton E - - 2005
The efficacy of pegylated interferon (p-IFN) and ribavirin (RB) in transplant patients is not well known. Chronic hepatitis C evolves in a more aggressive form after transplantation, causing a worse survival. Twenty-one naïve patients with recurrent chronic hepatitis C demonstrated by biopsy were treated for 48 weeks with p-IFN alpha2b ...
Nikolaidis Nikolaos L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Monotherapy with a single antiviral agent is insufficient in controlling hepatitis B virus infection in the majority of patients with anti-HBe positive chronic hepatitis B. Interferon/long-term lamivudine combination therapy was evaluated to determine if this strategy would improve treatment efficacy and reduce the emergence of lamivudine resistance. METHODS: In ...
Cuzin L L Centre for Care and Information in Human Immunodeficiency, Toulouse, France. - - 2005
Based on the short-term results of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) A5095 trial, zidovudine (ZDV)/lamivudine (3TC)/abacavir (ABC) is no longer recommended as a first-line antiretroviral regimen. Data on the efficacy of this triple nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) combination compared with the gold-standard nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) regimen ...
Boyd M A MA The HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration, the Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre, Bangkok, Thailand. - - 2005
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase (NRTI) sparing is a favourable option for patients with NRTI failure or toxicity. Patients judged to be failing NRTI therapy were enrolled in a single-arm, open-label study of indinavir/ritonavir (IDV/r) 800/100 mg twice a day (bid)+efavirenz (EFV) 600 mg once a day (qd). The primary endpoint was ...
Delanian Sylvie - - 2005
PURPOSE: Significant regression of radiation (RT) -induced fibrosis (RIF) has been achieved after treatment combining pentoxifylline (PTX) and alpha-tocopherol (vitE). In this study, we focus on the maximum response, how long it takes to achieve response, and changes after treatment discontinuation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Measurable superficial RIF was assessed in ...
Brok Jesper - - 2005
Evidence shows that a combination therapy of ribavirin plus interferon clears hepatitis C virus from the blood in about 40% of patients with chronic hepatitis C infection, but the effects on clinical outcomes are unclear. We evaluated the beneficial and harmful effects of ribavirin plus interferon vs interferon alone for ...
Pompili M - - 2006
A 53-year-old male with compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class A5) and mixed cryoglobulinaemia (cryocrit: 2.0%), both hepatitis C virus-related, was treated with pegylated interferon-alpha 2b and ribavirin. After three months of therapy, he developed segmental jejunal vasculitis requiring emergency resection of an ischaemic intestinal loop 60cm long. Pathological examination of the ...
Antoniou Katerina M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) has been identified as an interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) mediator, promoting a T helper 1 (Th1) response. Th1 response is characterized by increased expression of IFN-gamma, interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interleukin-18 (IL-18). The present study aims to evaluate the role of Th1 cytokines by monitoring changes in Induced ...
Langer Christian - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with high-risk essential thrombocythemia require cytoreductive therapy in order to normalize the elevated platelet counts. We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of pegylated interferon in high-risk essential thrombocythemia in a phase II trial. DESIGN AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients with high-risk essential thrombocythemia (median age 54 years; ...
Wu X - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine neurological and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes following discontinuation of interferon (IFN)-beta-1a treatment in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). METHODS: The study involved 21 SPMS patients who received subcutaneous (s.c.) IFN-beta-1a 44 microg three times weekly (t.i.w.) for 12 months and were thereafter followed up without treatment ...
Sungkanuparph Somnuek - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intermittent episodes of detectable human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viremia (hereafter referred to as "blips") are generally not predictive of subsequent virologic failure. Limited data are available for patients treated with nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimens. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study evaluated patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy who were ...
Hass Holger-G - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the daily high-dose induction therapy with interferon-alpha2b (IFN-alpha2b) in combination with ribavirin for the treatment of patients who failed with interferon monotherapy and had a relapse, based on the assumption that the viral burden would decline faster, thus increasing the likelihood of higher response rates in this ...
Chadwick Ellen Gould - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Few data are available regarding clinical outcomes or dosing requirements for the protease inhibitor ritonavir in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children younger than under 24 months of age. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter phase I/II open label treatment trial used ritonavir, zidovudine and lamivudine to treat protease inhibitor-naive, HIV-infected infants ...
Poynard Thierry - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The noninvasive serum markers, FibroTest-ActiTest (FT-AT), are an alternative to liver biopsy in patients with chronic hepatitis C and B. The aim was to use these markers in a prospective study of patients treated with lamivudine in order to assess the impact of treatment, as well as the factors ...
van den Berg J B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare early and late responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in European and non-European HIV-1 infected patients in a Dutch cohort. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the response to HAART of 216 previously treatment-naive HIV-1-infected patients using the University Medical Centre Utrecht HIV database. African (n=51), Asian (n=7), ...
Lodato F - - 2005
Beside substantial progress in treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) particular patients (genotype 1/4, high viral load, previous nonresponse, cirrhosis) remain difficult to treat. The aim of our pilot randomized study was to compare efficacy and tolerability of standard doses of Peginterferon alpha-2b + ribavirin with higher doses of Peginterferon ...
Jensen Donald M - - 2005
The REtreatment with PEgasys in pATients not responding to prior peginterferon alfa-2b (12 kDa)/ribavirin combination therapy (REPEAT) study is a phase III, randomized, parallel group, multinational clinical trial. The main objective is to compare the efficacy and safety of 48 and 72 weeks of treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a (40 kDa) ...
Lim J K - - 2005
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) continues to be an important and growing challenge. As the response rate to FDA-approved treatment improved over the past decade, we are facing increasing number of difficult-to-treat patients such as those who have failed prior anti-viral therapy. The role of amantadine in the treatment ...
Gold R - - 2005
In the prevention of relapses and disability by interferon subcutaneously in multiple sclerosis (PRISMS) study, 560 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis were randomized to receive subcutaneous interferon (IFN) beta-1a, 22 or 44 mug three times weekly, or placebo, for 2 years. Patients receiving placebo were then re-randomized to one of ...
Slater Madeline - - 2005
The use of molecular genotyping to distinguish recrudescence from new infections has become common in antimalarial clinical trials. However, methods used to interpret genotyping results have not been standardized. We analyzed data from 3,000 patients enrolled in clinical trials at seven sites in Uganda. Late treatment failure requiring genotyping occurred ...
El-Zayadi Abdel-Rahman - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Interferon (IFN) therapy is not affordable by the majority of Egyptian patients. Our aim was to tailor an effective and inexpensive regimen that ameliorates hepatic necro-inflammatory activity among chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. METHODS: One hundred and seventy naïve CHC patients with elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (>1.5-fold) and detectable ...
Inati Adlette - - 2005
Thalassaemia patients with genotype 1 or 4 chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection were randomised to receive peginterferon alpha-2a 180 mg/week ribavirin for 48 weeks. Primary efficacy variable was sustained viral response (SVR) at 72 weeks. Thirty-two patients were evaluated; 20 enrolled. Baseline characteristics were comparable. SVR occurred in four ...
Truong Bui Xuan - - 2005
The long-term usefulness of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in chronic hepatitis B remains controversial. To investigate the long-term efficacy of IFN-alpha therapy in chronic hepatitis B, 62 Japanese patients, including 27 patients treated with IFN-alpha (IFN group) and 35 patients without antiviral therapy matched by age and sex as controls (control group), ...
Václavíková Jana - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The cohort of 19 patients on LPV/r salvage regimen was followed for the period of up to 37.5 months. Patient's virologic response was evaluated with regard to the various baseline characteristics. RESULTS: A 73.7% of patients (14 out of 19) achieved viral suppression during the first three months of ...
Zeuzem Stefan - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to increase virologic response rates by individualized treatment according to the early virologic response. METHODS: Serum HCV-RNA was frequently quantified in patients with chronic hepatitis C (n=270) treated with peginterferon alfa-2a (180 microg/week) and ribavirin (1000-1200 mg/day). After 6 weeks patients were classified ...
Braiteh Fadi - - 2005
Erdheim-Chester disease is a rare non-Langerhans histiocytosis with multisystem involvement. To date, there is no standard treatment for this disorder, and more than half of the patients succumb within 3 years. Because interferon-alpha promotes the terminal differentiation of histiocytes and dendritic cells, we hypothesized that this molecule would be a ...
Marrache F - - 2005
The combination of pegylated interferon and ribavirin is the most effective therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C. We evaluated this combination in unselected patients with bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis. Eighty patients were treated with peginterferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin. Hepatitis C virus serum RNA was monitored. Tolerance and safety were ...
Amarapurkar Deepak N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: For decompensated HCV cirrhosis, liver transplantation is the only available treatment. Only a few studies in world literature have used antiviral therapy in this situation. METHODS: During a 4-year period, we gave closely monitored antiviral therapy to all consecutive patients of HCV-related cirrhosis with episodes of decompensation. Patients who ...
Huang Fu-Chin - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate symptoms and changes in tear function and the ocular surface with interferon and ribavirin therapy for chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: Nineteen patients with chronic hepatitis C undergoing a course of interferon alfa-2b/ribavirin therapy and 19 age- and sex-matched controls participated in this prospective study. Patients were evaluated ...
Shin J W - - 2005
The efficacy of lamivudine re-treatment in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who relapse after HBeAg seroconversion with lamivudine has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lamivudine re-treatment in relapsed patients. Among 192 patients who had achieved HBeAg seroconversion with lamivudine at a ...
Debnath C R - - 2005
Association of serum Interleukin -2 (IL-2) levels with the activity of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) was evaluated in this study. We studied 45 subjects in the Department of Hepatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka. They were divided into three groups. Group A consisted of 15 CHB patients with raised ...
Grabar Sophie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term prognostic significance of different definitions of immunologic and virologic responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) at 6 months. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in 68 French hospitals. HAART was initiated in 2236 protease inhibitor-naive patients included in the French Hospital Database on ...
Bonjoch Anna - - 2005
To assess the virologic noninferiority of an antiretroviral treatment simplification with coformulated zidovudine/lamivudine/abacavir (group 1) vs. coformulated zidovudine/lamivudine plus nevirapine (group 2) in HIV-1-infected patients receiving successful first-line highly active antiretroviral therapy. This is a prospective, multicenter, open-label, comparative, randomized, noninferiority study. A delta of 15% for differences in virologic ...
Allavena Clotilde C Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales/IFR26, Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, - - 2005
Recommended antiretroviral regimens include a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) component. Class cross-resistance and mitochondrial toxicity are recognized as problems with this class of antiretrovirals. In a pilot open-label study, 65 antiretroviral-naive and 21 experienced but nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-naive HIV-1-infected adults were given a combination of lopinavir/ritonavir (533.3/133.3 mg ...
Saba Rashid - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In 1986, a Phase II trial of recombinant interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) was initiated as therapy for patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET). METHODS: Patients were treated with subcutaneous IFN-alpha at a dose of 5 x 10(6) units/m(2) daily. In responding patients, the therapy lasted at least 3 years. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients ...
Cavalheiro S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the intratumoral activity of interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) in the treatment of cystic craniopharyngiomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2000 to January 2004, nine patients presenting with cystic craniopharyngiomas were treated with intratumoral injection of IFN-alpha at the Pediatric Oncology Institute of the Federal University of São ...
Sweet Donna E - - 2005
HIV-infected patients receiving long-term antiretroviral treatment experience a number of metabolic abnormalities, including lipid abnormalities, dysregulation of glucose metabolism, body-fat redistribution, mitochondrial abnormalities, and bone abnormalities, as well as the sequelae of these disorders. These complications can be severe and life threatening, disrupt adherence to antiretroviral therapy, limit options in ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >