Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1710
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Hellstrom Wayne J G - - 2006
PURPOSE: We investigated the efficacy and safety of intralesional interferon alpha-2b for the treatment of Peyronie's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 117 consecutive patients with a mean age of 55.1 years who had Peyronie's disease were enrolled in a single-blind, multicenter, placebo controlled, parallel study to determine the ...
Marconi Patrizia - - 2006
Emtricitabine FTC is a cytosine analogue, recently introduced in clinical practice for the treatment of HIV patients. In order to evaluate the safety and efficacy of antiretroviral regimen containing emtricitabine in the clinical practice, we performed an observational study on all patients starting a regimens containing emtricitabine in a clinical ...
Gumbs Andrew A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Marginal ulceration (MU) is a well-known complication after gastrojejunostomy; however, its incidence has rarely been reported in bariatric studies. We present 16 cases of documented MU after laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGBP) that were successfully treated with proton pump inhibition (PPI). METHODS: All patients undergoing LGBP from October 2002 to ...
Kishnani Priya Sunil - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an open-label, multinational, multicenter study examining the safety and efficacy of recombinant human acid alpha-glucosidase (rhGAA) in treatment of infantile-onset Pompe disease. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 8 infant patients who had Pompe disease with GAA activity <1% of normal, cardiomyopathy, and hypotonia. In the 52-week initial phase, ...
Ciancio Alessia - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether in chronic hepatitis C-positive patients who failed to respond to interferon (IFN) monotherapy a sustained response obtained with retreatment using the combination therapy of IFN + ribavirin can be safely considered to reflect eradication of the infection. METHODS: Prospective follow-up of a cohort of 97 patients ...
Atzpodien Jens - - 2006
PURPOSE: In this paper, we report on the long-term therapeutic efficacy of maintenance treatment in 12 advanced renal carcinoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Following prior systemic treatment with 8-week cycles of subcutaneous interferon- alpha2a (s.c. IFN-alpha2a) and subcutaneous interleukin-2 (s.c. IL-2)-based immunotherapy (5-day standard Atzpodien regimen), patients received prolonged maintenance ...
Samuelsson Jan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conventional interferon-alpha (IFN) is an effective treatment for patients with myeloproliferative disorders. However, many patients discontinue therapy because of side effects. METHODS: In this 24-month, Phase II feasibility study of pegylated interferon alpha-2b (PEG-IFN) treatment, a starting dose of 0.5 microg/kg per week was received by 21 patients with ...
Tucker Stephen B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Interferon alfa-2b (IFN) may be used to treat basal cell carcinoma (BCC) as an alternative to surgical or destructive methods. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the long-term effectiveness of IFN treatment for BCC. METHODS: Fifty patients with 98 biopsy-proven primary superficial and nodular BCCs were ...
Liu C-J - - 2006
Adefovir dipivoxil is effective against lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) strains. Whether short-term overlap lamivudine is beneficial remains unknown, particularly in patients with decompensated chronic hepatitis B. We enrolled 30 patients who underwent 48-week adefovir treatment (10 mg daily) for exacerbation of hepatitis B, associated with lamivudine-resistant mutants. Nineteen (63.3%) ...
Sherman M - - 2006
The management of patients with chronic hepatitis C who have relapsed or failed to respond to interferon based therapies is an important issue facing hepatologists. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of peginterferon alfa-2a (40KD) plus ribavirin in this population by conducting a multicentre open label study. Data from adults ...
Sanchez Rosario - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the safety of short antiretroviral treatment interruptions and their virologic and immunologic consequences in HIV-infected adults on highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) with suppressed viral replication. The viral efficacy upon reintroduction was also evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with undetectable viral load while ...
Moreno-Otero Ricardo - - 2006
The treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is still far from optimal, particularly for those subpopulations that do not respond to the standard combination therapy with Interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) plus ribavirin. Although in some cases the use of higher doses or longer treatment periods may be effective, these approaches are generally ...
Hiramatsu Naoki - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of combination therapy of interferon and ribavirin for aged patients with chronic hepatitis C. This study was conducted at Osaka University Hospital and institutions participating in the Osaka Liver Disease Study Group on 329 patients with chronic hepatitis ...
Fillaux J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine predictive factors of treatment interruption (TI) duration within a cohort of HIV-1 infected patients having stopped their treatment with CD4 above 350 cells per mm(3). DESIGN: Data were collected from computerized medical records. Patients were selected if they were HIV-1 positive, 18 years of age or older, ...
Caon C - - 2006
We examined the clinical course after switching disease-modifying therapy (DMT) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Eighty-five consecutive RRMS patients who received weekly interferon beta-1a (IFN beta-1a) 6 MU i.m. for at least 18 months were enrolled. Baseline annualized relapse rate (ARR) for the 2 years prior to initiating ...
Nemet Arie Y - - 2006
Three patients had residual or recurrent tumour following excision of large ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) lesions, which did not resolve despite the use of adjunctive cryotherapy and topical mitomycin-C therapy. The residual tumour was treated with topical or subconjunctival injectable interferon alpha 2b. All three eyes had complete resolution ...
Lim Lyndell - - 2006
The era of biologic medical therapies provides new options for patients with treatment-resistant inflammatory eye disease. In this review, the authors summarize current published experience in a rapidly progressing clinical field, including the use of biologics, such as the tumour necrosis factor blockers, daclizumab and rituximab, and related agents, interferons ...
Sax Paul E - - 2006
Antiretroviral therapy may fail to achieve virologic suppression for a variety of reasons. When failure occurs, treatment regimens and goals must be carefully reassessed. Even with extensive multiclass resistance, most treatment-experienced patients benefit from continuing or switching regimens rather than discontinuing therapy entirely. Selection of a new treatment strategy is ...
Sokucu Semra - - 2006
AIM: To compare interferon monotherapy with combination treatment using interferon and lamivudine in children with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: Data from 65 children who had received either interferon-alpha (5 MU/m2 subcutaneous thrice a week for 6 months; n=35; Group 1) or this dose of interferon-alpha for 6 months with oral ...
Gathe Joseph C JC - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In the SOLO study (APV30002), once-daily antiretroviral treatment with the protease inhibitor fosamprenavir (FPV) 1,400 mg boosted by ritonavir (r) 200 mg plus abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) was found to be noninferior to nelfinavir plus ABC/3TC over 48 weeks in treatment-naive patients with HIV -1 infection. OBJECTIVE: This interim report presents ...
Antoniou K M - - 2006
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)/usual interstitial pneumonia is a deadly disease with no effective treatment. The purpose of this randomised prospective multicentric study was to characterise the clinical effects of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) 1b administered subcutaneously thrice weekly versus colchicine for 2 yrs. This study had no pre-specified end-points. Fifty consecutive ...
Canbakan Billur - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Delta hepatitis is characterized by rapidly progressive liver disease with adverse prognosis in most patients. Patients benefit from high doses and prolonged courses of interferon (IFN) therapy; however, lamivudine as a single agent has been disappointing. Data relating to the efficacy of IFN and lamivudine in combination ...
Matsuda Akihisa - - 2006
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that the type 1/2 CD4+ T cell (Th1/Th2) balance shifts toward Th2 dominance in cancer-bearing state or by surgical stress. Perioperative immunonutrition is reported to improve the outcome in patients with gastrointestinal cancer. This study was designed to investigate whether preoperative immunonutrition corrects the impaired ...
Muratov V - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Pilot studies have indicated a therapeutic role for an apheresis device (Adacolumn) that selectively adsorbs leukocytes in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases. It may also exert immunoregulatory effects contributing to its clinical efficacy. This study aimed to correlate the clinical response to leukocyte apheresis with the expression ...
Kim Yoon Jun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with lamivudine-resistant mutants remains challenging, and no clear evidence has been presented concerning the discontinuation of lamivudine. METHODS: Seventy-four patients with lamivudine-resistant mutants were prospectively enrolled and randomized; 37 patients continued (group A) and 37 patients discontinued lamivudine therapy (group B). The median follow-up was ...
d'Arondel C - - 2006
In therapy with standard interferon and ribavirin, five independent risk factors (RF) were predictive of relapse. The aim was to prospectively validate an a la carte regimen of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alpha2b 1.5 microg/kg and ribavirin 11 mg/kg [PEG-IFN-ribavirin (PEG-IFN-R)], taking into account these five risk factors in order to ...
Batool Uzma - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the response of treatment with standard interferon and Ribazole in treatment naïve hepatitis C infected patients, with different grades of activity. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: This study was carried out at the Department of Medicine, KRL General Hospital, Islamabad, from January 2001 ...
Suzuki Hideyuki - - 2006
AIM: The beneficial effect of zinc supplementation on the efficacy of interferon as a treatment for chronic hepatitis C had been demonstrated in hepatitis virus genotype 1b of high viral load. This study focused on patients with genotype 2, which is more sensitive to interferon than genotype 1b, and used ...
Pelli Nicoletta - - 2006
Antiviral treatment with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C improved the rates of viral clearance to 56%. An open issue is a better understanding of the factors responsible for the residual lack of response. Our aim was to investigate the effect of antiviral treatments on soluble tumor ...
Lee S S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (40 KD) plus ribavirin therapy induces sustained virological response rates up to 63% in randomized-controlled trials. AIM: To conduct a prospective open-label programme to examine the efficacy and safety of this therapy in routine clinical practice. Methods: Treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C received, at the ...
Scotto G - - 2006
The aim of the study was to evaluate the biochemical and virological response and the histological changes in 34 chronic hepatitis B anti-Hbe-positive patients treated with lamivudine at 100 mg/day orally for five years. Liver biopsies were performed in all patients at least 6 months before starting therapy and 3 ...
Rao Ravi D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with metastatic melanoma (MM) have very few therapy options. Based on reports of responses to paclitaxel and carboplatin (PC), 31 patients with MM were treated with PC. METHODS: Data regarding patients treated with PC were abstracted from medical records. Clinical outcomes as determined by the treating oncologist were ...
Elzi Luigia - - 2006
Lopinavir/ritonavir plus indinavir was administered once daily as directly observed protease inhibitor-only therapy in 12 heavily pretreated HIV-1-infected patients with multiple virological failures and advanced immunosuppression (CD4 cell count 95 x 10 cells/microl). The treatment was well tolerated. At weeks 12, 24 and 48, most patients on treatment achieved viral ...
Tan Chee-Kiat
Entecavir is the newest and most potent nucleoside analog to be licensed worldwide for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection. It has been shown to be more effective than lamivudine and adefovir in direct head-to-head comparison trials. It is also useful in the treatment of lamivudine-refractory patients. Entecavir is ...
Hoefs John - - 2006
The mainstay of treatment of chronic hepatitis C is pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin and more than 50% of naïve patients will have viral cure with either 6 months (genotypes 2 and 3) or 12 months (genotypes 1,4, and 6) with the initial treatment. However, populations have been defined that ...
Chow Wan-Cheng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the response to treatment with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in patients with chronic hepatitis C who had end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or hemophilia in Singapore. METHODS: Treatment-naive hepatitis patients with ESRD or hemophilia were given IFN-alpha(2a) 3 million units three times per week ...
Fuster Daniel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of an extended treatment period in HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients without early virological response (EVR). METHODS: Patients received pegylated interferon (peg-INF)-alpha2a 180 microg/week plus ribavirin 800 mg/d for 12 weeks. Patients achieving EVR at week 12 continued under therapy for an additional ...
Gutierrez Félix - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists on long-term prognosis of patients with sustained virologic response to antiretroviral therapy. We aimed to assess predictors of unfavorable clinical outcome in patients who maintain viral suppression with HAART. METHODS: Using data collected from ten clinic-based cohorts in Spain, we selected all antiretroviral-naive adults who initiated ...
Yano Masahiko - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The emergence of YMDD mutants in patients who are treated with lamivudine may determine the clinical prognosis. However, currently there are no clinical or virological factors that predict specifically the emergence of the mutants. METHODOLOGY: To define these factors, we analyzed 69 patients with chronic hepatitis B infection who ...
Hisamoto Akiko - - 2006
A 56-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for treatment of non-specific interstitial pneumonitis (NSIP). The patient started prednisone treatment, but one month later treatment with voglibose, an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor (alpha-GI), was started because of prednisone-induced diabetes mellitus. One week later, a massive volume of free air below the diaphragm ...
Abe Shintaro - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine whether a 24-week course of combination therapy with ribavirin and high-dose interferon-alpha2b (IFN-alpha2b) could provide an acceptable treatment efficacy in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). METHODS: Seventy-six patients with CHC whose serum hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA levels were ...
Parruti G - - 2006
A high level of adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is essential to minimize the risk of treatment failure and HIV disease progression. This cohort study evaluated the prevalence and predictors of long-term adherence with first-line HAART in a hospital-based unselected sample of HIV patients from central Italy, and ...
Pol Stanislas - - 2006
The overarching goal in treating chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is the prevention of serious hepatic complications such as cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Successful eradication of the hepatitis C virus has been shown to prevent liver disease progression and even promote regression of fibrosis. The treatment of CHC ...
Paik Yong-Han - - 2006
The early emergence of lamivudine (3TC)-resistant tyrosine-methionine-aspartate-aspartate (YMDD) mutants has been reported during 3TC therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas; however, its clinical impact during long-term 3TC therapy is unknown. This study was performed to investigate the impact of the early emergence ...
Solórzano Santos Fortino - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), particularly protease inhibitors (PIs), have been identified in adult and pediatric patients. In this study, we monitored, for cholesterol and triglyceride levels, a cohort of HIV-1-infected children receiving a HAART regimen. METHODS: HIV-infected patients <17 years old belonging to a ...
Gick Ute - - 2006
Paclitaxel and capecitabine have proven activity in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Paclitaxel increases the expression of thymidine phosphorylase, the enzyme that activates capecitabine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of capecitabine in combination with weekly paclitaxel largely as first-line therapy in ...
Beatty George G University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2006
Most individuals with multidrug-resistant HIV who switch to a new therapeutic regimen containing a single fully effective agent experience incomplete viral suppression. We postulated that interruption of antiretroviral therapy prior to the introduction of such a regimen would improve long-term virological outcomes. Thirty, three-class experienced, enfuvirtide-naive individuals with detectable drug-resistant ...
Castillo Steve A SA GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, - - 2006
Numerous large, long-term clinical trials have assessed the safety and efficacy of the two antiretroviral nucleoside analogs lamivudine and abacavir as components of highly active antiretroviral therapy for the treatment of patients with HIV-1 infection. This analysis pools the safety data on multi-drug regimens containing lamivudine/abacavir in combination with a ...
Grgurević Ivica - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Data on the efficacy of particular therapeutic protocols of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) treatment for chronic hepatitis C in patients on hemodialysis (HD) vary. AIM: To compare the efficacy of two different therapeutic protocols for HD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 15 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive patients on chronic HD at two ...
Passam Andrew M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The chemokine receptor polymorphisms CCR5Delta32, CXCL12 3'A, CCR2-64I and CCR5-59029 G/A have been demonstrated to affect HIV-1 infection and progression. OBJECTIVE: We studied the impact of the above polymorphisms on the effectiveness of a 30-month treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 149 HIV-1 patients. STUDY DESIGN: We ...
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