Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1710
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Diazgranados Carlos A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of optimal response to antiretroviral therapy and its predictors in Colombia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. The medical records of all patients at three major HIV clinics in different areas of Colombia, South America, were reviewed. Eligible patients met the following criteria: (1) ...
Kuboki Makoto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of peginterferon alpha-2a (40 KD) (peg-IFNalpha-2a) plus ribavirin has not been reported for Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C. The aim of this study was to evaluate this combination in treatment-naïve patients and in non-responders or relapsers to interferon monotherapy. METHODS: Overall, 201 treatment-naïve patients ...
Mallolas J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The addition of a low dose of ritonavir to protease inhibitors (PIs) has become a widespread strategy to improve PI pharmacokinetics. As resistance is a major barrier to long-term suppression, in salvage therapy genotype and/or phenotype scoring is currently used to predict the response. We evaluated the relationship between ...
Kulo─člu Zarife - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the height and weight patterns of children with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with and without treatment. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with immunoactive CHB randomly assigned to receive interferon-alpha2a (IFN) (5 mIU/m2, 6 months, group I) or IFN (same dose and duration) plus lamivudine (4 mg/kg/day, 24 months) (group ...
van Lunzen J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of the concurrent use of gastric acid-reducing agents among HIV-1-infected patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) combinations. METHODS: An anonymous, semistructured, self-administered questionnaire was consecutively distributed among HIV-1-infected patients at routine visits to specialized HIV clinics. The ...
Cassetti Isabel I Fundacion Centro Estudios Infectologicos, Buenos Aires, - - 2007
Study 903 is a phase 3 trial with a completed 144-week, double-blind phase comparing tenofovir DF (TDF) to stavudine (d4T) in combination with lamivudine (3TC) and efavirenz (EFV) and an ongoing additional 336-week open-label extension phase. Patients in Brazil, Argentina, and the Dominican Republic who completed the 144-week double-blind phase ...
Haque Tanzina - - 2007
We present the results of a multicenter clinical trial using Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) generated from EBV-seropositive blood donors to treat patients with EBV-positive posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) on the basis of the best HLA match and specific in vitro cytotoxicity. Thirty-three PTLD patients who had failed ...
Gatell Jose - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atazanavir is a once-daily protease inhibitor (PI) for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection that has previously been studied in cohorts of treatment-naive and treatment-experienced patients. Limited data are available on the usefulness of switching from a PI-based regimen to a regimen based on a different PI, ...
Gulick Roy M RM Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 525 East 68th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA. - - 2007
To compare a quadruple-nucleoside with an efavirenz-containing regimen for treatment of HIV-1 infection. A randomized, open-label study of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG). Subjects receiving zidovudine/lamivudine/abacavir on ACTG 5095 with HIV-1 RNA less than 200 copies/ml were randomly assigned to intensify either with tenofovir or efavirenz. Subjects were followed ...
Akyildiz Murat - - 2007
We studied clinical and laboratory effects of 3 months of lamivudine with adefovir combination and adefovir dipivoxil (AD) alone in the treatment of patients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Eligible patients were hepatitis B surface antigen-positive men and women with compensated liver disease who were given lamivudine at ...
Clotet Bonaventura - - 2007
The continuing, randomised, multinational, phase IIB POWER 1 and 2 studies aim to evaluate efficacy and safety of darunavir in combination with low-dose ritonavir in treatment-experienced HIV-1-infected patients. We did a pooled subgroup analysis to update results at week 48 for patients receiving the recommended dose of darunavir-ritonavir compared with ...
Neff Guy W - - 2007
Conventional therapy to prevent HBV recurrence in liver transplant (LTx) recipients consists of Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIg). The aim of this review is to investigate the safety and efficacy of converting HBIg and LAM therapy to ADV and LAM therapy. A retrospective review involving all liver transplant patients with ...
Fischer Joerg - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Most of the new fillers used for soft tissue augmentation in aesthetic dermatology are considered well tolerated, but very little data are available on their long-term tolerability, especially in patients receiving immunomodulatory therapy. OBSERVATIONS: A 48-year-old woman presented with disfiguring facial edema 10 weeks after she began antiviral therapy ...
Karlström Olle - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir monotherapy in HIV-1-infected patients with stable antiretroviral therapy (ART). DESIGN: Single-armed single-center pilot trial. METHODS: Adult HIV-1-infected patients, without protease inhibitor (PI) experience, were eligible if they had maintained a viral load <20 copies/mL for a minimum of 12 months on conventional ...
Chiou Tzeon-Jye - - 2007
The potential synergistic anti-myeloma effect for thalidomide combining with interferon alpha was not yet clear clinically. From March 2001 to January 2004, a total of 28 heavily pretreated multiple myleoma (MM) patients were enrolled in this open-labeled, randomized Phase II study. Patients with refractory MM were randomized to receive either ...
Huerva Valentín - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to report on the effectiveness and tumor side effects of topical interferon (INF) alpha 2-beta in a case of conjunctiva-cornea intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of a patient that rejected any surgical procedure. METHODS: This study is a case report description. RESULTS: An 81-year-old man ...
Falco Laura A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This article describes the differential diagnosis of conjunctival papillomas and reviews the treatment options with a focus on the new topical interferon alpha 2 beta therapy. CASE: A 45-year-old white man presented with a red right eye of approximately 6 months' duration. The lesion was suspicious and suggestive of ...
Roussou Maria - - 2007
There are limited data regarding the long term follow up after thalidomide based regimen and the outcome of patients when they progress and they receive further treatment. We reassessed our original series of 43 patients with previously treated multiple myeloma who had received a pulsed cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, dexamethasone (CTD) regimen. ...
Le Moing V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The increase in CD4 count may reach a plateau after some duration of virological response to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS: A total of 1281 HIV-infected patients initiating HAART were enrolled in the AntiPROtease (APROCO) cohort. We investigated determinants of increase in CD4 count using longitudinal mixed models ...
Hart E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the factors surrounding modification of the first antiretroviral (ARV) regimen where drug switch occurred 3 months or more after initiation. Reference was made to the British HIV Association (BHIVA) guidelines on HIV management. METHODS: A case note and questionnaire-based audit was ...
Vrouenraets Saskia M E SM IATEC, Pietersbergweg 9, 1105 BM Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2007
Efavirenz is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that in most treatment guidelines is recommended to be taken combined with two nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors, as a preferred first-line regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. The antiretroviral efficacy of efavirenz-based combination regimens is good, as has been demonstrated in ...
Riley Thomas R TR - - 2007
In this report, we describe five cases of chronic hepatitis C that have been treated with the combination of amantadine and ribavirin for an average of 44 months, emphasizing one case where the patient showed improvement in liver biopsy after treatment, worsening on removal, then a repeated improvement with re-initiation. ...
Wilson Matthew W - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report the use of a combination of low-dose cyclophosphamide and interferon alfa 2a (IFNalpha2a) for the treatment of orbital juvenile capillary hemangioma. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Five patients with juvenile capillary hemangiomas of the orbit. METHODS: Five patients with a median age of 9 weeks presented with ...
Vilar Gomez Eduardo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is associated to severe oxidative stress that leads to necro-inflammation and progression of fibrosis. Previous trials suggested that antioxidative therapy may have a beneficial effect. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of Viusid in combination with interferon alpha-2b (IFN alpha-2b) and ribavirin ...
Kaymakoglu Sabahattin - - 2007
We sought to evaluate the long-term results of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B. Eighty HBeAg-negative naive patients (62 men; mean age, 39.9 years) who received IFN-alpha for 6 months were studied. Alanine aminotransferase normalization with undetectable HBV-DNA by molecular hybridization was ...
Gheorghe Liana - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Increasing evidence to date highlights that individualized treatment regimens with pegylated interferon (PegIFN) and ribavirin represent a better approach for patients nowadays showing negative predictive factors for sustained virological response. The aims of this study were to assess the rate of early (EVR) and sustained virological response ...
Hehlmann Rüdiger - - 2007
Early allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been proposed as primary treatment modality for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). This concept has been challenged by transplantation mortality and improved drug therapy. In a randomized study, primary HSCT and best available drug treatment (IFN based) were compared in newly ...
Zivadinov R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Brain atrophy, as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has been correlated with disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Recent evidence indicates that both white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) are subject to atrophy in patients with MS. Although neurological deficiencies in MS are primarily due to ...
Sackeim Harold A - - 2007
This study characterized the durability of improvement in patients who responded early or late while receiving vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). In both a pilot and pivotal study, patients were identified who had at least a 50% reduction in symptom scores 3 months (early responders) or 12 months (late responders) after ...
Safdar A - - 2007
Pneumocandins have concentration-dependent antifungal activity and higher dose of caspofungin (HD-CAP) in combination with other licensed antifungal therapy (OLAT) may improve response. Thirty-four patients who received HD-CAP were compared with 63 patients who received standard dose (SD)-CAP. There were no differences between the groups in either patient or disease characteristics. ...
Libamba Edwin - - 2007
PROBLEM: Many resource-poor countries have started scaling up antiretroviral therapy (ART). While reports from individual clinics point to successful implementation, there is limited information about progress in government institutions at a national level. APPROACH: Malawi started national ART scale-up in 2004 using a structured approach. There is a focus on ...
Fartoux Laetitia - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The impact of interferon (IFN) treatment on the occurrence of complications related to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis is debated because the majority of studies are retrospective. We designed a randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of prolonged IFN alfa-2a treatment vs nontreatment on complication-free survival in ...
Papeix C - - 2007
To determine long-term treatment (LTT) of neuromyelitis optica (NMO), we retrospectively reviewed therapies of 26 patients with NMO followed in five French neurological departments. To assess LTT efficacy, the probability of relapse free after LTT was analysed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the first treatment receiving interferon ...
Witthoeft Th - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the use of high dose consensus-interferon in combination with ribavirin in former iv drug users infected with hepatitis C. METHODS: We started, before pegylated (PEG)-interferons were available, an open-label study to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of high dose induction therapy with consensus interferon (CIFN) and ribavirin ...
Quintás-Cardama Alfonso - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Homoharringtonine (HHT) is a cephalotaxus alkaloid that inhibits the synthesis of proteins leading to apoptosis. Intravenous HHT has demonstrated activity in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after failure with interferon. METHODS: A Phase I study was completed of subcutaneous (s.c.) HHT in patients with CML in accelerated or ...
Zhou J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The antiretroviral treatment (ART) combination of stavudine, lamivudine and nevirapine (d4T/3TC/NVP) is the most frequently used initial regimen in many Asian countries. There are few data on the outcome of this treatment in clinic cohorts in this region. METHODS: We selected patients from the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database ...
Chêne Geneviève - - 2007
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) differ in the type and severity of adverse effects resulting from mitochondrial abnormalities. mtDNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was measured during the first 12 months of different NRTIs combinations and its association with clinical lipodystrophy was estimated. Extended follow-up of a randomized trial, ...
Stürmer Martin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Long-term evaluation of viral evolution in patients who continued first-line therapy with zidovudine/lamivudine/abacavir (Trizivir [TZV]) in the presence of low-level viral replication and assessment of the impact of mutational patterns selected under TZV on viral load (VL), CD4+ T-cell count (CD4) and subsequent therapeutic options. DESIGN: Analysis of viral ...
Hager K - - 2007
Oxidative stress and neuronal energy depletion are characteristic biochemical hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is therefore conceivable that pro-energetic and antioxidant drugs such as alpha-lipoic acid might delay the onset or slow down the progression of the disease. In a previous study, 600mg alpha-lipoic acid was given daily to ...
Lee Kwan Sik - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to evaluate the safety and antiviral activity of 24-week treatment with clevudine 30 mg in HBeAg(+) chronic hepatitis B patients. Biochemical and serological responses were also assessed. METHOD: Twenty-one patients received clevudine 30 mg for 24 weeks and were followed up for another ...
Akyuz Filiz - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: To investigate the efficacy of the combined therapy of lamivudine (LAM) plus alpha interferon (IFN) and LAM monotherapy in HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who were unresponsive to previous IFN monotherapy, and the incidence of YMDD mutations. PATIENTS-METHODS: Forty-five HBeAg negative patients were enrolled ...
Orrell Catherine - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine rates and causes of switching from first- to second-line antiretroviral treatment (ART) regimens in a large treatment-naive cohort (a South African community-based ART service) where a targeted adherence intervention was used to manage initial virological breakthrough. METHODS: ART-naive adults (n=929) commencing first-line non-nucleoside-based ART [according to WHO ...
Chan Henry Lik-Yuen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether simultaneous commencement of peginterferon alpha-2b and lamivudine treatment has more potent hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA suppression than staggered regimes. METHODS: Thirty HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients were randomized in 1:1:1 ratio to 32-week peginterferon started simultaneously with lamivudine (group 1), eight weeks before lamivudine (group ...
Eguchi Susumu - - 2007
Recently we reported that signal transmission of interferon is more suppressed by tacrolimus (Tac) than cycrosporine (CyA). Therefore, although CyA might be beneficial immunosuppressive drug after liver transplantation (LT) on interferon therapy against hepatitis C virus, it is hesitated because of the risk for provocation of rejection. Herein initial outcome ...
Brew Bruce J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of adding abacavir (Ziagen, ABC) to optimal stable background antiretroviral therapy (SBG) to AIDS dementia complex (ADC) patients and address trial design. DESIGN: Phase III randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS: ADC patients on SBG for > or = 8 wk. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Sarin Shiv Kumar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lower hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV DNA) levels are associated with better responses in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). It is unclear whether an initial phase of antiviral treatment to lower HBV DNA levels before adding immunomodulator therapy is more effective than the strategy of using immunomodulators from the beginning. ...
Sergio Neri - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The role played by the immune system in the progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is not completely clear. Opioids may facilitate the outbreak of infections through marked immunomodulating effects on the immune response against a virus. To asses if addicts can be treated successfully with interferon (IFN) during ...
Citro Vincenzo - - 2007
This paper describes the clinical course of a patient with chronic hepatitis C, genotype 2a/2c, previously treated with Interferon alpha2b and subsequently with Lymphoblastoid Interferon without any response, and also without any cutaneous side effects. The patient, a 50 year-old woman, was re-treated with Pegylated alpha2b Interferon plus Ribavirin for ...
Arase Yasuji - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the side effects after combination therapy of peginterferon and ribavirin for Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were HCV-genotype 1b and serum HCV RNA level of > 100 KIU/ml. Six hundred and twelve patients were received combination therapy ...
van Oosterhout Joep J G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The tuberculosis (TB) mortality rate of registered TB patients in Malawi is 23%, and 59% of the deaths occur in the first 2 months of treatment. HIV-related complications appear to be an important cause. Starting antiretroviral therapy early during tuberculosis treatment may improve outcome but problems often arise with ...
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