Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1711
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Ajithkumar K - - 2007
This study evaluates the impact of a free antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme on the employment status of people living with HIV/AIDS. Patients on ART were interviewed regarding the employment status before and after ten months of enrollment into therapy. We included patients who were started on the free ART program ...
Witthöft Th - - 2007
The combination treatment of peginterferon alpha-2a (PEG-IFN alpha-2a; Pegasys) plus ribavirin (RBV) is recommended as a standard care for HCV infections. Side effects and aspects of efficacy and safety have to be balanced. This study evaluates clinical practice data on safety and efficacy of HCV treatment with PEG-IFN in combination ...
Jeong Soocheol - - 2007
AIM: To assess the efficacy of low-dose intermittent interferon (IFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related compensated cirrhosis who had received curative treatment for primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We performed a prospective case controlled study. Sixteen patients received 3 MIU of natural IFN-alpha intramuscularly 3 times weekly ...
Wolbers Marcel - - 2007
To investigate predictors of continued HIV RNA viral load suppression in individuals switched to abacavir (ABC), lamivudine (3TC) and zidovudine (ZDV) after successful previous treatment with a protease inhibitor or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy. An observational cohort study, which included individuals in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study ...
Riddell, James
Abstract Background To describe long term outcomes of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). Methods Cases of MAC IRIS were retrospectively identified at four HIV clinics (Michigan, Maryland, Rhode Island, and Indiana) from 1996–2004. Patients were included if they were initially diagnosed with AIDS and found to ...
- - 2007
(1) For patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B, peginterferon alfa-2a is the standard treatment used to prevent clinical complications and death. Lamivudine and adefovir dipivoxil, both taken orally, are second-line options. They can also be used as first-line treatments in patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B if the adverse effects ...
Kaban Leonard B - - 2007
PURPOSE: To further evaluate a novel treatment protocol for the management of aggressive giant cell lesions (GCLs) consisting of enucleation followed by adjuvant subcutaneous interferon alpha therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective case series study design, a sample of patients with aggressive GCLs was enrolled between April 1995 and ...
Chottanapund Suthat - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study survival time and risk factors of mortality among HIV-infected patients who had cryptococcal meningitis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Patients' medical records of those who had HIV-infection with newly diagnosed cryptoccocal meningitis between January 2002 and December 2004 were reviewed. Each patient was classified into ...
Huffam S E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the use of antiretroviral therapy regimens containing zidovudine or stavudine, using data from the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database (TAHOD), a multicentre, prospective, observational study of an HIV-infected cohort in the Asia-Pacific Region. METHODS: A proportional hazards regression analysis of factors associated with the time to discontinuation ...
Etard Jean-François - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess long-term adherence of the first HIV-1 patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Senegal, and to identify the main determinants of adherence. METHODS: The first 180 patients enrolled in the Senegalese HAART initiative between August 1998 and April 2001 followed up for at least 30 days ...
El-Atrouni Wissam I - - 2007
Darunavir is a nonpeptidic protease inhibitor recently approved for the treatment of antiretroviral therapy-experienced patients. It has potent in vitro activity against viral isolates that are resistant to currently licensed protease inhibitors. In randomized clinical trials with optimized background regimens, it has shown virologic and immunologic responses superior to comparator-based ...
McIlleron Helen H Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Cape Town, K-45 Old Main Buliding, Groote Schuur Hospital, Observatory, Cape Town, Western Cape 7925, South Africa. - - 2007
Factors that relate to medium-term outcome in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) who have completed the 2-month intensive phase of treatment are incompletely understood. The relationship between in vitro production of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukins (ILs)-5 and -10 and drug levels determined after 2 months of drug therapy, to outcome at ...
Osako Tomo - - 2008
We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of combination therapy of trastuzumab plus capecitabine in heavily pretreated patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Patients with HER2-positive MBC who had been administered the combination therapy between July 2003 and July 2006 at the Cancer Institute Hospital, Tokyo, were retrospectively reviewed. ...
Ceccherini-Silberstein Francesca - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A negative association between the polymorphism F214L and type 1 thymidine analogue (TA) mutations (TAMs) has been observed. However, the virological response to TAs according to the detection of F214L has not been evaluated. METHODS: We studied 590 patients from EuroSIDA who started TA therapy for the first time ...
Desai Tusar K - - 2008
Prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing phlebotomy and interferon (IFN) treatment to IFN alone in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) have suggested a benefit for the phlebotomy group. However, statistical significance was achieved in only one of these trials. We performed a meta-analysis of RCTs comparing phlebotomy and IFN ...
Sagir A - - 2007
Previous large multicentre trials reported sustained virological response (SVR) rates of 45-80% in chronically infected hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. However, it is unclear whether such a treatment success is also achieved in daily routine and to what extent it depends on expert hepatological supervision. This was retrospectively analysed in ...
Barkhof Frederik - - 2007
In the Betaseron/Betaferon in Newly Emerging Multiple Sclerosis for Initial Treatment (BENEFIT) study, interferon beta-1b delayed conversion to multiple sclerosis in patients with a first clinical event and at least 2 clinically silent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions. To examine detailed MRI findings from the first 2 years of ...
Lee Hae Won - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Long-term preoperative lamivudine therapy has been recommended for patients with positive HBV DNA to suppress HBV replication before liver transplantation. However, it is unclear whether preoperative lamivudine therapy is mandatory in HBV DNA positive patients to reliably prevent HBV recurrence or whether transplantation should be delayed to allow time ...
Maggiolo Franco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of adherence on the risk of virologic failure and mutations selection was verified in a prospective study. METHOD: At baseline, all patients had a viral load (VL) <50 copies/mL and completed a self-reported questionnaire. Patients were followed for the subsequent 4 months to document virologic rebound (VL ...
Ikeda Kenji - - 2007
Aim: There is no useful and effective treatment for patients with non-sustained response to interferon, from the viewpoint of cancer prevention. Our aim was to elucidate the influence of a glycyrrhizin therapy on hepatocarcinogenesis rate in interferon-resistant hepatitis C Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 1249 patients with chronic hepatitis with or ...
Kartal Elif Doyuk - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess morbidity and the incidence of adverse effects during interferon (IFN)-alpha-2a treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B. This prospective study included 48 consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis B who underwent IFN-alpha-2a treatment from January 2003 to August 2005. Adverse effects related to ...
Arrizabalaga Julio J Unit of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Donostia, Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain. - - 2007
To evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of a simplification regimen with tenofovir DF (TDF), lamivudine (3TC), and efavirenz (EFV) in HAART-experienced HIV-1-infected subjects with sustained viral suppression. Patients with HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/mL during the previous 6 months and who switched their current twice-daily or three-times-daily HAART to a simplified ...
Bestas Azize A Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Firat University School of Medicine, Elazig, - - 2007
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common and potentially distressing adverse events (AEs) associated with surgery and anesthesia. In patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) without antiemetic prophylaxis, the incidence of PONV can be as high as 72%. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prophylactic antiemetic ...
Hamid Kalantari; Department of ...
BACKGROUND: There is controversy about the efficacy of amantadine in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of triple therapy with interferon-alpha, ribavirin and amantadine in the treatment of naive patients with chronic hepatitis C.METHODS: Forty-eight patients with genotype 3 chronic hepatitis C received ...
Hiramatsu Naoki - - 2008
Aim: Ribavirin, used to treat chronic hepatitis C, can induce hemolytic anemia, forcing the discontinuance of treatment. To establish a predictive measure to help circumvent this, we evaluated the relationship of hemoglobin (Hb) decline with the discontinuance of treatment during the progression of ribavirin-induced anemia. Methods: One hundred and sixteen ...
Gish Robert G - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Entecavir demonstrated superior benefit to lamivudine at 48 weeks in nucleoside-naive patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We evaluated continued entecavir and lamivudine treatment through 96 weeks. METHODS: 709 HBeAg-positive CHB patients were randomized to entecavir 0.5 mg (n = 354) or ...
Vassiliadis Themistoklis - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Monotherapy has been proven insufficient in achieving sustained control of chronic hepatitis B. We aimed to assess the efficacy of combined sequential administration of lamivudine and pegylated interferon alfa-2b in patients with hepatitis Be antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: Eighteen patients were given sequential combination treatment ...
van der Poorten David - - 2007
The outcomes of lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B patients treated with long-term adefovir dipivoxil have not been well described. This study aims to characterize the virological and biochemical response and to determine factors that may influence the development of resistance to adefovir. A retrospective review was conducted on all patients with ...
Kappos Ludwig - - 2007
Several controlled studies provide evidence that treatment with interferon beta in patients with a first event suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS) delays conversion to clinically definite MS (CDMS). Our aim was to determine whether early initiation of treatment with interferon beta prevents development of confirmed disability in MS. In the ...
Arimura Kimiyoshi - - 2007
A postmarketing surveillance study was undertaken to investigate the safety and efficacy of interferon-alpha for human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy (HAM) under routine treatment conditions. A total of 273 cases from 91 medical institutions were registered into the survey. So far, 167 cases had been evaluated for ...
- - 2007
(1) An estimated 15% to 25% of patients with chronic hepatitis B die of complications of the disease, such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. (2) In 2000, interferon monotherapy was the first-line treatment for chronic hepatitis B. This article examines the results of trials of peginterferon and nucleoside/nucleotide analogues (adefovir, ...
De Luca Andrea - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The extent to which HIV-1 replication capacity (RC) influences the response to therapy remains to be established. METHODS: Phenotypic susceptibility and RC of baseline isolates (n = 139) from patients enrolled in the ARGENTA trial were measured and correlated to treatment outcomes over 36 months. RESULTS: RC in baseline ...
Arase Yasuji - - 2007
The aim of this study was to elucidate the reduction of hepatocarcinogenesis by prolonged interferon (IFN) monotherapy in aged chronic hepatitis C patients. Inclusion criteria were biopsy-proven chronic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis, 60 years and over, elevated serum aminotransferase and positive hepatitis C virus (HCV)-RNA. One hundred and twenty patients ...
Benzie Andrew A AA St. Mary's Hospital, London, UK. - - 2007
We investigated whether the rate of viral rebound decreases with increasing duration of viral suppression and, if so, whether rebound rates in patients previously failing antiretroviral regimens ultimately decline to levels as low as those seen in patients who have never experienced virological failure. All patients from the UK CHIC ...
Fischler Björn - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study the hepatitis B-specific T cell-mediated immune response in chronically infected children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 36 HBsAg-positive patients, 2 to 19 years old, were included. There were 9 HBeAg-positive patients with normal levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (group 1), 18 HBeAg-positive patients with elevated ...
Pensi Tripati - - 2007
To assess efficacy and safety of fixed-dose combination (FDC) of lamivudine, stavudine and nevirapine in the treatment of pediatric HIV- infection, it was administered in the form of oral suspension (Group-A) or dispersible tablet (Group-B). Assessment of improvement in symptoms, CD4 count and adverse drug reactions was done every three ...
Rajasekaran Sikhamani - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence and risk factors for failure of treatment with antiretroviral therapy among adults in the national treatment program in India, and to estimate the possible number of persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who will need a second-line treatment regimen in the next 3 and ...
Martin Kari A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used to treat interferon-associated depression in patients receiving hepatitis C virus therapy. Prior studies have cautioned against the combined use of SSRIs and interferon due to increased risk of hemorrhage. Given the morbidity of depression and its impact on interferon compliance, we sought ...
Nomura Hideyuki - - 2007
Aim: The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of low dose long-term interferon (IFN) therapy in aged patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1. Methods: The IFN therapy was performed in Shin-Kokura Hospital on 44 patients aged 60 or older with chronic hepatitis C. All ...
Tam L W Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) introduced the '3 by 5 Initiative' to treat 3 million individuals by the end of 2005. This study evaluates the time to treatment termination, viral load suppression, and detection of drug resistance among antiretroviral-naïve ...
Wahjoeningsih Sri - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anaesthetic technique for Caesarean section which was appropriate for the clinical situation. This retrospective study was conducted on 240 patients undergoing Caesarean section with indications of foetal distress during a 3-year period (2002-2004). The data were reviewed from the patient's medical ...
Vanni T T Departamento de Clínica Médica, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2007
Since there are some concerns about the effectiveness of highly active antiretroviral therapy in developing countries, we compared the initial combination antiretroviral therapy with zidovudine and lamivudine plus either nelfinavir or efavirenz at a university-based outpatient service in Brazil. This was a retrospective comparative cohort study carried out in a ...
Camerini Roberto - - 2007
Despite the use of combination therapy with pegylated interferon alpha2a (peg-IFN-alpha2a) + Ribavirin, a large proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) remain unresponsive to treatment. Thymosin alpha 1 (Talpha1) is an immunomodulator, which displays immunological and antiviral activities against hepatitis C virus (HCV) in preclinical clinical settings. The ...
Einstein Mark H MH Albert Einstein College of Medicine, and Albert Einstein Cancer Center, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. - - 2007
SGN-00101 (HspE7, Nventa, San Diego, CA) is a novel therapeutic vaccine consisting of a fusion protein containing an M. bovis BCG heat shock protein (Hsp65) covalently linked to the entire sequence of HPV 16 E7. This trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicities of HspE7 in women with ...
Fujiwara Kenji - - 2007
Aim: The efficacy and safety of double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) plus interferon (IFN) combination therapy were compared with those of IFN therapy alone in 193 chronic hepatitis C patients having a high hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid load of difficult-to-treat genotype 1b. Methods: All patients received either interferon alpha-2b (IFN-alpha-2b) ...
Arora R S - - 2007
We describe a cohort of 14 Hurler-Scheie patients homozygous for the p.Leu490Pro missense mutation in the alpha-L-iduronidase gene. Now based in the UK, they are all of Pakistani/Kashmiri descent; 64% were female; 11/14 (79%) had a sibling or cousin with MPS I and the parents are consanguineous in all cases. ...
Moltó José - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The efficacy and safety of lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy has been explored with promising results in well-controlled, randomized clinical trials. However, less information about its clinical usefulness in routine clinical practice is currently available. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of monotherapy with lopinavir/ritonavir as ...
Manna Laura - - 2008
A real-time PCR assay was exploited for monitoring the Leishmania DNA load in different tissues from 18 naturally-infected dogs before and after treatment with a combination of meglumine antimoniate (100mg/kg/day, subcutaneously) and allopurinol (10mg/kg/day, orally) for 30 days. After the combined therapy, allopurinol was continued at the same dose until ...
Fontanges Thierry - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Combination therapy using peginterferon alfa-2a (40 kD) plus ribavirin achieves viral eradication in nearly 60% of patients with chronic hepatitis C viral infection. However, because of the numerous side effects, use of the combination regimen might be restricted for patients consulting private practitioners specialized in hepatogastroenterology. PATIENTS AND METHOD: ...
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