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Kypri Kypros K School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, - - 2014
In 2008 pub closing times were restricted from 5am to 3:30am in the central business district (CBD) of Newcastle, Australia. A previous study showed a one-third reduction in assaults in the 18 months following the restriction. We assessed whether the assault rate remained lower over the following 3.5 years and ...
Koo Kyo Chul KC Department of Urology and Urological Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
A growing number of countries are adopting chemical castration as treatment and penalty for sex offenders. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of chemical castration of sexual offenders with a focus on the kinetics of serum testosterone (T) recovery. This prospective analysis included 56 sex offenders ...
Koo Kyo Chul - - 2013
After the recent enactment of the chemical castration legislation for sex offenders in Korea, we sought to report primary treatment outcomes for 38 patients at the National Forensic Hospital since 2011. After chemical castration, these patients experienced reductions in frequency and intensity of sexual drive, frequency of masturbation and sexual ...
Wang Xuhui - - 2013
The objective of this study is to investigate late repeat microvascular decompression (MVD) with persistent or recurrent hemifacial spasm (HFS) and to compare the clinical characteristics, intraoperative findings, complications, and outcomes with first MVD. We analyzed MVDs performed at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center between January 1, 2000 and ...
Ivarsen Anders - - 2012
To examine long-term changes in corneal power and aberrations in myopic patients randomized to photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) or laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Forty-five patients with myopia from -6 to -8 diopters (spherical equivalent refraction) were randomized to PRK (n = 20) or LASIK (n = 25). Patients were examined ...
Wang Jiong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the trends in indications for penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in Homburg/Saar between 2001 and 2010. METHODS: Retrospective review of 1,200 corneal buttons which underwent PKP that were performed between 2001 and 2010 at the Department of Ophthalmology of Saarland University Hospital, Germany. Indications were classified into eight different ...
Chaurasia Sunita - - 2012
To describe the results of non-Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (non-DSAEK). Retrospective, interventional, consecutive clinical case series. Twenty-three patients underwent non-DSAEK from January 2010 to February 2011. The various indications were pseudophakic corneal edema, aphakic corneal edema, failed graft, iridocorneal endothelial syndrome and congenital glaucoma. Corneal edema cleared in all ...
Shibata Tomohiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects on corneal shape of suturing the scleral wound during 23-gauge vitreous surgery. METHODS: We used a corneal topographic modeling system to measure the corneal shape in 39 eyes of 39 patients before and at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after performing 23-gauge vitreous surgery. We investigated ...
Ryu Eun Hye - - 2012
To determine whether topical tacrolimus might prove effective in the treatment of refractory anterior segment inflammatory diseases, and to evaluate its efficacy in eyes with ocular graft versus host disease (GVHD), and vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Twenty-eight eyes of 14 patients with anterior segment inflammation refractory to steroid treatment were treated ...
Seymenoğlu Göktuğ - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate surgically induced changes in corneal viscoelastic properties of patients undergoing 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (23-G TSV). Methods: The study group consisted of 29 eyes of 29 patients undergoing 23-G TSV. Corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), Goldmann-correlated intraocular pressure (IOPg), corneal compensated intraocular pressure (IOPcc) and ...
Ramírez Manuel - - 2012
To evaluate the confocal microscopy findings at the corneal epithelium and anterior stroma after epi-LASIK. Twelve eyes of 12 patients underwent epi-LASIK. A central scan of the total corneal thickness was taken with the confocal microscope before and at 2 weeks and 1 month after surgery. Corneal epithelial thickness was ...
Pult Heiko - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To assess the warming and humidifying effect and ocular safety of the Blephasteam® eyelid-warming device vs. warm and moist compresses in healthy volunteers. METHODS.: Twenty subjects (8 females, 12 males; mean age 39.2 years) were included in the study. Temperature and relative humidity were measured over a period of ...
Prajna N Venkatesh - - 2012
To analyse predictors of clinical outcome in fungal keratitis. Data was collected during a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-masked clinical trial of treatment for fungal keratitis. Clinical features at presentation and demographics were collected at the enrollment visit for all patients. Pre-specified clinical outcomes included 3-month visual acuity and infiltrate/scar size, ...
Emre Sinan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic, bilateral, seasonally exacerbated, allergic inflammation of the ocular surface, involving bulbar and ⁄ or tarsal conjunctiva and cornea. The ocular response analyzer (ORA) measures corneal biomechanical properties in vivo by monitoring and analyzing the corneal behavior when its structure is submitted to a ...
Kymionis George D - - 2012
PURPOSE:To evaluate the outcomes of refractive surgery in patients with topographic superior corneal steepening. METHODS:This retrospective, noncomparative, interventional, clinical study included 16 patients (29 eyes) with persistent superior corneal steepening as a variation of corneal curvature (inferior to superior topographic corneal difference of at least 1.00 diopter [D] at a ...
Tomlins Paul J - - 2012
PURPOSE:: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a devastating form of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) with acute and chronic ocular complications. We present a novel aggressive combination strategy, termed "Triple-TEN", for the management of acute ocular TEN designed to minimize the risk of chronic, blinding sequelae. METHODS:: Two patients with life-threatening TEN ...
Kheirkhah Ahmad - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) to improve the outcomes of acute Pseudomonas keratitis as compared with a control group. Prospective interventional case series with retrospective controls. We studied 14 eyes with Pseudomonas keratitis as the AMT group and 11 eyes with Pseudomonas keratitis as the control ...
Yulish Michael - - 2012
Corneal haze is a significant complication of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). To evaluate the effect of ascorbic acid supplementation in addition to perioperative topical mitomycin-C for the prevention of haze after LASEK. We performed a retrospective, non-randomized case series study of two groups of 48 consecutive ...
Vinciguerra Paolo - - 2012
To report refractive, topographic, aberrometric, and tomographic outcomes 24 months after corneal cross-linking (CXL) in patients up to 18 years of age with progressive keratoconus. Prospective, interventional case series. Forty eyes underwent riboflavin-ultraviolet A-induced CXL. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), sphere and cylinder, topography, aberrometry, tomography, ...
Cardona Genís - - 2012
Purpose. A nonrandomized, retrospective, cohort, single-center study was designed to examine the visual and refractive outcome of epi-laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia (with and without astigmatism) in patients with thin corneas (less than 500 µm), and to compare these results with those of a group of patients with ...
Martinez-de-la-Casa J M - - 2012
To determine whether the intraocular penetration of travoprost 0.004% is affected by central corneal thickness. Sixty-four patients who were scheduled for cataract surgery without any other ophthalmologic pathology of significance were enrolled in this study. At 120 min before surgery, one drop of travoprost 0.004% was instilled in the eye to ...
Gregori Ninel Z - - 2012
Objective: To compare same-day and next-day pain control and safety of two anesthetic techniques utilizing 4% liquid lidocaine applied with sterile cotton swabs versus 3.5% lidocaine gel for intravitreal injections. Main outcome measures were: discomfort during anesthetic preparation and needle penetration, 1 and 24 h after injection. Methods: Patients were ...
Ti Seng-Ei - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the efficacy of air bubble (AB) tamponade for Descemet membrane detachment (DMD) after clear corneal incision phacoemulsification surgery and to evaluate the risk factors for DMD. METHODS:: This is a retrospective analysis of patients with DMD managed with AB tamponade, within 42 postoperative days (PODs), over a ...
Menassa Nardine - - 2012
To assess the effect of intrastromal femtosecond laser presbyopia treatment on uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA) and corneal integrity over an 18-month period. Department of Ophthalmology, International Vision Correction Research Centre, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Clinical trial. The UNVA (at 40 cm), corneal pachymetry, and true net power were ...
McAdam Laura C - - 2012
Deflazacort is the most commonly prescribed corticosteroid for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in Canada. We review the long-term experience with deflazacort treatment at two centers in Canada; Montreal and Toronto. Deflazacort has benefitted both cohorts by prolonged ambulation, preserved cardiac and respiratory function, less scoliosis and improved survival. ...
Magalhães Fernanda Pedreira FP Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2012
Regardless of significant progress in the field of corneal transplantation to treat corneal opacification, some cases of corneal blindness still present a poor prognosis for conventional penetrating keratoplasty. In patients with repeated graft failure and/or with severe ocular surface disease, the Boston type I keratoprosthesis (type I BKPro) has become ...
Schachar Ronald A - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To assess the effect of topical taprenepag isopropyl on each layer of the cornea by confocal microscopy. METHODS:: Thirty-two ocular hypertensive or glaucoma patients were randomized into a 2-period, crossover study of 14 days of 0.1% taprenepag alone and in unfixed combination with 0.005% latanoprost (combination therapy). Baseline and ...
Kymionis George D - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report 2 cases of refractory phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis treated with topical tacrolimus 0.03% ointment (Protopic). METHODS: Two white children, aged 5 years and 6 years, respectively, presented with refractory phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis in 1 eye (left). Both were using corticosteroids and oral erythromycin at presentation with no relief. Examination revealed ...
Gumus Koray - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of pterygium excision with conjunctival autograft plus corneal polishing on ocular higher-order aberrations (HOAs) and to monitor the changes throughout the first postoperative year. METHODS: A total of 18 eyes of 16 patients with primary pterygium who had an indication for surgical excision were included ...
Kheirkhah Ahmad - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of pterygium surgery on front and back corneal surfaces and anterior segment parameters. This prospective study included 96 eyes with primary pterygium that underwent surgery. Preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively, Pentacam was used to evaluate front and ...
Müller L - - 2012
Background: Corneal melting represents a serious condition that can result in corneal perforation and loss of vision. Treatment options include topical and systemic immunosuppression, cyanoacrylate gluing, and emergency keratoplasty, depending on the underlying disease and the stage of corneal melt. Recently, corneal cross-linking (CXL) has emerged as an additional treatment ...
Ma Xiaoyun - - 2012
Aim: To investigate microscopic changes in corneal morphology in chloroquine (CQ)-treated patients without corneal abnormalities being diagnosable by slit lamp microscopy. Methods: Thirty-six eyes of 36 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were divided into two groups: group 1 included 26 patients receiving chloroquine therapy; group 2 included the other 10 ...
Tuwairqi Waleed S - - 2012
To evaluate 1-year visual and topographic outcomes and safety and efficacy of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) combined with topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (TG-PRK) to achieve near emmetropia in eyes with low-grade keratoconus. Twenty-two eyes from 15 patients (11 women, 4 men) were included in a prospective, nonrandomized, noncontrolled clinical study. Mean ...
Lalitha Prajna - - 2012
Background. For bacterial infections, the susceptibility to antibiotics in vitro has been associated with clinical outcomes in vivo, although the importance of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) has been debated. In this study, we analyzed the association of MIC on clinical outcomes in bacterial corneal ulcers, while controlling for organism and severity ...
Altenburger Amadeus E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postoperative complications after high-risk corneal grafting are decisively associated with corneal neovascularization (CNV). This study aimed to identify the incidence, extent, speed, localization, and influence of surgery-related factors on CNV after high-risk penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and to evaluate the effect of removing the angiogenic stimulus, i.e., residual components of ...
Caporossi Aldo - - 2012
Evaluation of stability and functional response after riboflavin-UVA–induced cross-linking in a population of patients younger than 18 years with progressive keratoconus after 36 months of follow-up. Prospective nonrandomized phase II open trial conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Siena University, Italy. The "Siena CXL Pediatrics" trial involved 152 patients aged ...
Wu Xianggen - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of topically applied gemifloxacin for the treatment of experimental Staphylococcus aureus keratitis in a rabbit model. Rabbit corneas were intrastromally injected with ~100 colony-forming units (CFU) of S. aureus ATCC25923. Eight hours (early treatment) or 16 h (late treatment) after ...
Caporossi Aldo - - 2012
Purpose. This was a qualitative investigation of corneal microstructural modifications in keratoconic patients undergoing experimental transepithelial crosslinking (TE CXL). Methods. Ten patients with keratoconus intolerant to gas-permeable rigid contact lenses were enrolled. Corneal thickness was in the range 350-390 µm at the thinnest point measured by Visante AC optical coherence ...
Shtein Roni M - - 2012
To evaluate corneal wound healing after femtosecond laser-assisted keratoplasty (FLAK) using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). Prospective, interventional, consecutive case series of 17 eyes after mushroom-shaped FLAK. IVCM was performed preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively to assess wound healing. Mean keratocyte activation grade increased from ...
Ghaffarieh Alireza - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous application of electrical stimulation on the rate of corneal epithelial healing in corneal abrasion using an in vivo model of corneal wound healing in the rabbit. METHODS: This was an experimental study including 16 adult Dutch rabbits that were randomly allocated to 2 ...
Kim Hae Won - - 2012
Background: Salivary dysfunction is the most common side effect associated with I-131 therapy in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of parotid gland massage on radioisotope accumulation in the salivary gland. Methods: Sixty patients were included in this study. Using Tc-99m ...
Byun Yong-Soo - - 2012
To compare the changes in posterior corneal curvature using scanning slit topography (Orbscan II) and Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam) before and after Epi-laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia. In a prospective observational case-series study, 20 myopic patients having undergone Epi-LASIK were examined serially with two different devices, Orbscan II and ...
de Paula Alcio Coutinho - - 2012
Background: To determine the alterations in the corneal topography after pars planavitrectomy with the system of 20- and 25-gauge. Methods: A total of 29 patients with vitreous hemorrhage. The first group (17 patients) had to undergo a pars planavitrectomy with the 20-gauge system, whereas the second (12 patients) had the ...
Ogbuehi Kelechi C - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the repeatability and limits of agreement of corneal thickness values measured by a high-frequency ultrasound (Artemis-2), hand-held ultrasound pachymeter (DGH-500) and a specular microscope (SP-3000P). Central corneal thickness (CCT) was analyzed in this prospective randomized study that included 32 patients (18 men ...
Pey Pascaline - - 2011
Our aim was to evaluate the influence of glucocorticoids on the adrenal gland using ultrasonography. Eleven healthy beagles were used in a prospective placebo-controlled study. All dogs received hydrocortisone at 10 mg/kg twice a day per os for 4 months or a gelatin capsule twice a day per os as ...
Deladoëy Johnny - - 2011
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is reportedly increasing in the United States, possibly reflecting changes in screening methods. In Québec, the same initial TSH cutoff (15 mU/liter) has been used for the last 20 yr, but in 2001, the cutoff was decreased from 15 to 5 mU/liter for the second test, which ...
Sumida Keiichi - - 2011
Cinacalcet treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) has demonstrated parathyroid size regression and morphological changes, such as cystic degeneration and hypovascularisation, on ultrasonography. However, there have been very few reports regarding the histopathological alterations of hyperplastic parathyroid glands in patients with SHPT after administration of cinacalcet. The aim of this study ...
Mpanaka Ioanna - - 2011
Two men, one 42 and the other 35 years old were both subjected to adrenalectomy for adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). Adjuvant treatment with mitotane [o,p΄-dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethane, (o,p΄-DDD)], was initiated following surgery. Mitotane is the only agent available at present for treatment in ACC because of a late-onset specific adrenocortical cell toxicity. Both ...
Eitner Stephan - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of different stages of implant therapy on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The aim of this study was to assess OHRQoL before, during, and after completion of prosthodontic implant therapy by patients and treating physicians, who were predicted to evaluate OHRQoL in ...
Gray William A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to analyze the CAPTURE 2 (Carotid ACCULINK/ACCUNET Post Approval Trial to Uncover Rare Events) study for physician- or site-related variables associated with differential outcomes for carotid artery stenting (CAS). The CAPTURE 2 trial is an ongoing, prospective, nonrandomized, independently adjudicated, multicenter clinical study enrolling ...
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