Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 830
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Nag Soma S SS Merck and Co., Inc., 770 Broad Street, West Point, PA, USA. - - 2007
Patients beginning treatment with lipid-modifying drugs should have their serum lipid levels monitored and, if necessary, their drug therapy adjusted to reach and maintain their treatment goals. Patients with coronary heart disease or diabetes are at high risk of coronary events and are particularly important target groups for monitoring and ...
Sajja B R - - 2008
Multicenter proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) studies were performed on 58 primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) patients from four centers for investigating the efficacy of glatiramer acetate (GA) treatment. These patients were drawn from 943 subjects who participated in the PROMiSe trial. In these MRSI studies, patients were followed ...
Pratley Richard E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vildagliptin in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Efficacy data from five double-blind, randomized, placebo- or active-controlled trials of >or=24 weeks' duration were pooled. Effects of 24-week vildagliptin monotherapy (100 mg daily) ...
- - 2007
Cholesterol lowering with statins reduces the risk of vascular disease, but uncertainty remains as to whether more intensive statin therapy produces worthwhile benefits safely. Blood homocysteine level is an independent marker of vascular risk, but it is unknown whether this association is causal. 12,064 myocardial infarction survivors have been randomized ...
Aliyazicio─člu Rezzan - - 2007
The changes in antioxidant-oxidant balance play important roles in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric conditions. Bipolar disorder (BD) is a psychiatric condition with recurrent mood disturbances. This study evaluates the effects of treatment with lithium, alone or in combination with antipsychotic olanzapine, on oxidant-antioxidant status and atherogenic character in patients with ...
Bronheim David - - 2007
Recent studies on the effects of statin use on perioperative morbidity and mortality suggest that statins may reduce risk during the perioperative period. However, studies published thus far either were retrospective nonrandomized studies or included small numbers of patients. Individually, none offered authoritative recommendations. However, in almost every study, preoperative ...
Normén L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with protease inhibitors (PI) is successful in suppressing viral replication, but may lead to a range of metabolic abnormalities associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). OBJECTIVES: The first objective of the study was to compare baseline demographic and clinical characteristics between PI users and non-PI ...
Wen Cheng-ping - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of TCM therapy for detoxification, removing stasis, and nourishing yin on corticosteroid-induced hyperlipemia in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to investigate its mechanism. METHODS: One hundred and seventy patients with SLE were randomly assigned to the integrative medicine group (IM group) and the ...
Moro J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors are relatively new drugs in the field of cardiac transplantation (HT), hence the need for further study of their secondary effects. We described the nature and incidence of secondary effects of these drugs in a group of HT recipients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We ...
Patterson Marc C MC Department of Neurology and Pediatrics, Columbia University, NY, USA. - - 2007
Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterised by an intracellular lipid-trafficking defect with secondary accumulation of glycosphingolipids. Miglustat, a small iminosugar, reversibly inhibits glucosylceramide synthase, which catalyses the first committed step of glycosphingolipid synthesis. Miglustat is able to cross the blood-brain barrier, and is thus a ...
Colivicchi Furio - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The majority of patients with previous ischemic stroke are expected to benefit significantly from long-term statin therapy. However, discontinuation of medication therapy frequently occurs in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of discontinued statin therapy on clinical outcome in patients discharged ...
Marais A David - - 2008
This study assessed the efficacy of rosuvastatin for reducing plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol after 18 weeks of open-label, forced titration in patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (hoFH) and compared the efficacy of rosuvastatin 80 mg and atorvastatin 80 mg. Forty-four patients aged 8-63 years (body mass >or=32 kg) entered ...
Celik Turgay - - 2008
In the light of current data obtained from prospective outcome studies, we believe that it is premature to support the use of homocysteine-lowering vitamins including folic acid in patients with established coronary artery disease in order to improve cardiovascular outcomes. We think that future large-scale epidemiological trials with very long-term ...
Hattori Yukiko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of long-term treatment with sulindac on the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 40 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled in a randomized, single-blind controlled trial in which the effects of sulindac (200 mg/day, 100 mg twice a day; n ...
Mann Devin M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Statins are potent drugs for reducing cholesterol and cardiovascular disease; however, their effectiveness is significantly compromised by poor adherence. This prospective study was designed to identify potentially modifiable patient factors including medication, disease, and diet beliefs related to statin adherence. METHODS: Veterans (n = 71) given their first prescription ...
Kapellen T M - - 2007
AIMS: The German working group for pump therapy in paediatric patients has defined seven indications for continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII): dawn phenomenon, reduction of severe hypoglycaemia, improvement of hyperglycaemia, more flexibility, motivation, failure of injection therapy and pregnancy. In this study we analysed age-specific differences for starting CSII in ...
Lindgren P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Less than half of patients in Scandinavian societies achieve target cholesterol values established by consensus coronary prevention panels. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using logistic regression analysis, we determined that patients not at consensus cholesterol goals after 3 months of treatment using lipid-lowering medications were significantly more likely to achieve these ...
Bleie Ø - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: A high level of total homocysteine (tHcy) is a risk marker for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and is related to inflammation. We wanted to test the effect of homocysteine-lowering B-vitamin therapy, as used in the Western Norway B-vitamin Intervention Trial (WENBIT), on inflammatory markers associated with atherosclerosis. DESIGN: Single centre, ...
Bots M L - - 2007
ACE inhibition results in secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD) through different mechanisms including improvement of endothelial dysfunction. The Perindopril-Function of the Endothelium in Coronary artery disease Trial (PERFECT) evaluated whether long-term administration of perindopril improves endothelial dysfunction. PERFECT is a 3-year double blind randomised placebo controlled trial to ...
Paraskevas Kosmas I - - 2007
Statins are an essential component of the therapeutic approach of patients with atherosclerotic disease. Statin use is also associated with improved peri-operative and long-term outcomes in these patients. We aimed to define the role of statin treatment in patients undergoing percutaneous revascularization procedures. We searched Medline for studies assessing the ...
Ostadal Petr - - 2007
It is widely assumed that acute benefit of statin therapy is mediated especially by non-lipid effects. The immediate influence of statins on lipid levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is, however, not clear. A total of 64 consecutive patients with ACS were randomized at admission to fluvastatin 80 ...
Murphy Sabina A - - 2007
Compared with moderate lipid lowering with standard-dose statin therapy, intensive lipid lowering with high-dose statin therapy after acute coronary syndromes (ACS) significantly reduces cardiovascular events. However, the 2 trials of high-dose versus standard-dose statin therapy in patients with ACS, Aggrastat to Zocor (A to Z) and Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation ...
Wenger Nanette K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased life expectancy is associated with an increase in the burden of chronic cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of high-dose atorvastatin in patients 65 years of age or older. DESIGN: A prespecified secondary analysis of the Treating to New Targets study, a randomized, double-blind clinical ...
Bhatt Deepak L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with metabolic syndrome are at increased risk for cardiovascular complications. We sought to determine whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists had any beneficial effect on patients with metabolic syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 200 patients with metabolic syndrome undergoing PCI were randomized to ...
Barrett Thomas W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of drugs to improve postoperative outcomes has focused on short-term end points and centered on beta-blockers. Emerging evidence suggests statins may also improve postoperative outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to ascertain if the ambulatory use of statins and/or beta-blockers was associated with a reduction in long-term mortality after ...
Matsuoka Kempei - - 2007
In order to study a long-term effect along with adverse action of epalrestat, an aldose reductase inhibitor, a randomized, prospective study was conducted over the period of 3 years at 112 facilities. Six hundred and three diabetic patients with median motor conduction velocity (MCV)>40 m/s, HbA1c<9% were randomly allocated to ...
Monson John P JP Centre for Clinical Endocrinology, St Bartholomew's Hospital, William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, UK. - - 2007
Adult onset GH deficiency (GHD) is characterized by abnormalities of serum lipoprotein profiles and GH replacement results in favourable alterations in serum total and low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol. Preliminary evidence has indicated that the effect of GH replacement in this respect may be additive to that of HMG CoA reductase ...
Tabata Minoru - - 2007
The renoprotective effect of preoperative statin use in coronary artery bypass grafting remains poorly defined. A retrospective review of 1,802 consecutive patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting from January 2002 to October 2005 was performed. Of those, 1,039 patients were receiving statins preoperatively, and 763 patients were not. ...
Steiropoulos Paschalis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Serum levels of circulating markers associated with cardiovascular morbidity are elevated in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). These factors are studied in patients mainly before the application of therapy with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and the effects of CPAP treatment on them have not been thoroughly ...
Chiodini Benedetta D - - 2007
AIMS: Controversy exists with regard to the influence of APOE polymorphisms on coronary heart disease development and on the efficacy of statin treatment. we investigated the relationship between apoe, mortality and the response to treatment in Mediterranean myocardial infarction (mi) survivors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed 3304 Italian patients with ...
Muso E - - 2007
AIMS: Hypercholesterolemia is one of the factors which deteriorate renal function in NS especially due to FGS. LDL-A is a potential option for treating NS due to FGS accompanied by hypercholesterolemia and resistant to conventional drug therapy with steroids and/or cyclosporine A (CsA). As reported by Muso et al. [2001], ...
Le Manach Yannick - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Statins reduce cardiac morbidity in nonsurgical populations, and may benefit surgical patients. We sought to examine cardiac outcome in patients who continued, compared with those who discontinued, statin therapy after major vascular surgery. METHODS: Prospectively collected data were examined for an association between statin therapy and perioperative cardiac morbidity ...
Yamawaki Tohru - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As statins have the anti-atherosclerotic pleiotropic effects, we retrospectively examined the effects of statins on restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We reviewed consecutive 341 patients who underwent successful PCI and follow-up angiography six months after the procedure between January 2002 and December 2004. Statins were initiated in ...
Jialal Ishwarlal I Laboratory for Atherosclerosis and Metabolic Research, University of California, Davis, Medical Center, Sacramento, California 95817, USA. - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality in type 1 diabetes (TIDM). TIDM is a proinflammatory state. Whereas there is consensus on lipid management in type 2 diabetes, there is a lack of data in type 1 diabetes. In addition to benefits on the lipid profile, statin therapy is ...
Maserati Renato - - 2007
Structured treatment interruptions may have beneficial effects on metabolic parameters, while data on anthropometric parameters and on the quality of life are scanty. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of structured treatment interruptions on plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, anthropometric, immunologic, virologic changes and quality of life. A total of ...
Derosa Giuseppe - - 2007
The aim of the study was to assess the effects of the combination of metformin plus pioglitazone or rosiglitazone on glucose and blood pressure in type 2 diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome, as well as its tolerability in those patients. In this 12-month, multicentric, double-blind, randomized, controlled, parallel-group trial, all ...
Brookhart M Alan MA Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA. - - 2007
Many patients who initiate statin (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor) therapy discontinue treatment within 1 year. We sought to estimate the rate at which patients reinitiate treatment after long periods of nonadherence and to determine whether reinitiation of treatment is linked to potentially modifiable factors such as physician visits, cholesterol ...
Nagashima Michitaka - - 2007
Long-term preventive effects of standard statin therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) against a secondary cardiac event remain unclear. The aims of this study were to evaluate and clarify characteristics of patients with AMI in whom standard statin therapy has beneficial effects against a secondary event in a ...
Fardet L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Familial and HIV-associated lipodystrophies are associated with metabolic disorders and elevated blood pressure. Whether corticosteroid-induced lipodystrophy (CIL) is also associated with features of the metabolic syndrome is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in two French tertiary centres and enrolled all consecutive patients starting long-term (> or = ...
Molden Espen - - 2007
Two men, aged 83 and 78 years, who received stable therapy with simvastatin 80 mg/day were hospitalized 1-2 weeks after completion of short-term treatment with erythromycin and clarithromycin, respectively. Both patients were admitted with myalgia, muscle weakness, functional disability (inability to raise arms and legs), and serum creatine kinase levels ...
Salem T A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: C-reactive protein (CRP) is used routinely in many hospitals to evaluate patients with an acute abdomen. We assessed CRP levels in non-specific abdominal pain (NSAP) and surgical conditions requiring operative or non-operative intervention. The aim of this study was to identify a level of CRP that can be useful ...
Chello Massimo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils play a central role in systemic inflammatory reaction after cardiopulmonary bypass. Apoptosis is significantly delayed, and this might exacerbate systemic and myocardial damage. We tested the hypothesis of whether pretreatment with simvastatin increases the apoptotic rate of neutrophils and hence reduces the entity of inflammatory reaction. METHODS: Thirty ...
Chua Doson - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence evaluating the role of statin therapy in sepsis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched (1980-January 2007) for English-language clinical trials that evaluated the use of statins and the development and treatment of sepsis in human subjects. Search terms included statin, HMG-CoA reductase ...
Niessner A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Apart from advanced age, little is known about predictors of the long-term outcome after carotid artery stenting (CAS). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether atherosclerotic risk factors predict the long-term outcome after CAS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 532 patients assigned for CAS. The primary composite end-point, including stroke, ...
Palma S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Serum levels of total cholesterol, its fractions (high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol) and albumin are related to a poor outcome during hospital stay. It has been not assessed whether they are related to death in the long term after general surgery. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 2848 ...
Marinigh Ricarda - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the most frequently used revascularization approach, often repeatedly applied. The quest for the ultimate revascularization procedure however may capture cardiologist's attention and lead them to minimize the issue of secondary prevention in their patients. Aims of this study were to assess: 1. ...
Duman Dursun - - 2007
Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) have impaired endothelial function probably related to dyslipidemia. The present study compares the effects of simvastatin versus levothyroxine (LT-4) treatment on lipid profile and endothelial function in patients with SCH. Fifty-nine patients with newly diagnosed SCH were enrolled. Patients were randomized into 3 groups to ...
Pérez Méndez L F - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate if intensive insulin regimen with multiple daily injections (MDI) is successful for treating type 1 diabetes patients over a long period of time in a regular clinical setting. METHOD: This is a prospective, observational seven-year study. Fifty-nine (35 male) type 1 diabetic patients with bad metabolic control ...
Koutouzis Michael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Treatment with statins is considered a first line therapy in atherosclerotic disease. Intraplaque angiogenesis is involved in plaque progression and instability. It remains unclear whether the beneficial effect of statin treatment in humans is achieved through reduced intraplaque angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the capillaries ...
Claas G J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nucleoside analogues such as Didanosine and Stavudine are known to cause metabolic and body habitus changes during antiretroviral therapy. The most frequently observed are lactic acidosis, hypercholesterinaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia and lipodystrophy. METHODS: Over one year we monitored a cohort of 43 patients who switched from either Stavudine, Didanosine or the ...
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