Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1322
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Liang C C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of postpartum urinary retention (PUR) after cesarean delivery and determine which obstetric factors contribute to this problem. METHOD: A prospective study recruited 605 pregnant women who had a cesarean delivery. Each patient's postvoid residual bladder volume (PVRBV) was estimated with an ultrasound scan after first ...
Cucchi Antonio - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the evolution of bladder voiding dynamics from the onset of symptoms to the final diagnosis of idiopathic detrusor underactivity (DUA) in men with storage and voiding lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and otherwise normal clinical findings. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the urodynamic findings in two patient groups ...
Dean Gregory E - - 2007
PURPOSE: Endoscopic bladder neck bulking techniques offer the potential for a relatively noninvasive cure for a difficult clinical problem. We review our experience using antegrade and retrograde approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 34 children (18 boys and 16 girls, mean age 11.7 years) have been treated since March ...
Groenendijk P M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Urodynamic parameters that predict the outcome of sacral nerve stimulation are difficult to define. We studied the predictive value of urethral instability and other urodynamic parameters on the efficacy of sacral nerve stimulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with refractory voiding disorders were implanted with a neurostimulator after responding with ...
Ehrlich Y - - 2007
PURPOSE: Lower urinary tract operations are being increasingly performed in elderly patients, in whom aspirin intake is common for preventing cardiovascular disease. We determined the safety of early aspirin re-initiation after lower urinary tract surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, open label clinical trial was done. The study cohort included ...
Abdalla Medhat Ahmed - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report our initial experience with the posterior sagittal pararectal approach as an alternative in the treatment of complicated urethral distraction defect after pelvic trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with posttraumatic pelvic fracture urethral distraction defects (PFUDDs) underwent urethroplasty in our department from March 2003 to June 2006. ...
Caione Paolo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To present the surgical, functional, and cosmetic results of anterior pelvic floor reconstruction in female exstrophic patients who underwent single-stage surgical repair. To verify differences in outcome from male exstrophic patients. METHODS: Among the 31 exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) patients treated in 10 yr, 13 (42%) were females. We studied ...
Fahmy Mohamed A Baky - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Whatever the method and timing of surgery, a high proportion of children with bladder exstrophy will continue to suffer from urinary incontinence. They face the options of urinary diversion to an external stoma or construction of a neobladder from bowel. This study describes a modified Duhamel's rectal pouch with ...
Rendeli C - - 2007
PURPOSE: We assessed the usefulness of urodynamic testing for determining the optimal timing of surgery and for evaluating the development of bladder function in children with lipomeningocele. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 64 patients (40 females) 3 to 17 years old (mean 8.5) with lipomeningocele. Patients were divided into ...
Chung Shiu-Dong - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the oncologic outcomes of hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy (HARNU) for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma and compare them with the data from conventional open surgery. METHODS: We collected the data from 25 patients who underwent HARNU at our institution from January 1999 to December 2003 for upper urinary ...
Hassouna Magdy M - - 2007
Pelvic neuromodulation is an established method of treating voiding dysfunction. Little is known about the pathophysiology associated with voiding dysfunction. Reports have suggested that a delay in treating patients with sacral neuromodulation therapy can impact the success rate of this type of treatment in voiding dysfunction. We examined patient response ...
Guru Khurshid A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The feasibility of robot-assisted anterior exenteration (RAAE) in women has been reported but not well established. We report our experience with seven patients, providing perioperative data, hospital course, and immediate oncologic outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 2005 to June 2006, seven consecutive patients with a mean ...
Nagele Udo - - 2007
Treatment of T4 bladder cancer patients remains a clinical challenge. Conservative management is often insufficient regarding local control, neoadjuvant chemotherapy delays definite treatment while leading to increased therapy-associated morbidity and mortality during the course of the disease. Primary cystectomy has also been reported to be associated with a high complication ...
Canon Stephen J - - 2007
PURPOSE: Cross-trigonal ureteral reimplantation is a commonly performed procedure for the correction of vesicoureteral reflux. Most previously described laparoscopic techniques have used an extravesical approach. A "vesicoscopic" technique is analogous to standard open cross-trigonal repair in principle, except that 3 ports with insufflation of the bladder are used to perform ...
Apostolidis Apostolos - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 49-year old man initially underwent clam ileocystoplasty 14 years ago. A revision of this original procedure was required 11 years ago for intractable detrusor overactivity secondary to transverse myelitis; he experienced only temporary symptomatic improvement that lasted 6 months after each procedure. Despite the use of oral anticholinergic ...
Hassan Ayman A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We report on the long-term functional results of the orthotopic Y-ileal neobladder and compare the outcome of the antireflux technique for ureteral implantation versus direct anastomosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1990 and 2002, 120 patients underwent cystoprostatectomy and orthotopic Y-shaped ileal neobladder for invasive bladder carcinoma. The direct Nesbit ...
Sussman David O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the onset of efficacy of tolterodine extended release (ER) in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A post hoc analysis was conducted using 3-day bladder diary data from a 12-week, multicenter, prospective, open-label study of tolterodine ER (4 mg qd) in patients (aged > ...
Daha Lukas K - - 2007
Urinary interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been proposed as a sensitive and specific inflammatory marker in bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). We therefore investigated the presence of urinary IL-6 in patients with BPS/IC to find a possible correlation with the symptoms before and after glycosaminoglycan substitution therapy. Urinary IL-6 levels of 25 ...
Rocco Francesco - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We believe early incontinence after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) is mainly due to the shortening of the sphincter's anatomic and functional length as a result of caudal retraction of the urethral sphincteric complex and disruption of the posterior median fibrous raphe. We illustrate a technique of anatomic and functional ...
Lavoura Nivaldo N - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Bladder dysfunction may lead to urinary incontinence and progressive kidney deterioration. When clinical treatment fails, bladder augmentation is the operation of choice in most cases. The purpose of this study was the standardization of the technique of videolaparoscopic ileocystoplasty in a porcine model and demonstration of a ...
Shlamovitz Gil Z - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The goals of our study were to review all cases of urethral and bladder trauma that presented to the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Medical Center between January 1998 and August 2005 and determine (1) the clinical characteristics of patients with urethral and/or bladder injuries as well as ...
Harper L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Bladder spasms are a common cause of pain after surgical procedures that call for postoperative catheter drainage. Several therapeutic methods have been used to lessen these spasms but none have received widespread success. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-six children were included in a prospective randomized trial to evaluate the safety ...
Taneja Rajesh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Interstitial cystitis is a condition with a poorly understood etiology and, consequently, various treatment options have been described in the literature, with a less than optimal outcome. The aim of this study was to examine the role of a combination of intravesical hydrocortisone and heparin, together with oral bladder ...
Holmdahl Gundela - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) during the teenage years is associated with poor motivation to comply with the treatment, recurrent urinary tract infections and epididymitis. The aim of this study was to identify the main problems and complications associated with self-CIC in a group of ...
Aghamir Seyed Mohammad Kazem - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in the treatment of refractory interstitial cystitis (IC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with refractory IC were enrolled in the study. They were scheduled to receive 6 weekly courses of treatment with ...
Pejcic T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present the local recurrence rates after radical cystectomy for advanced bladder cancer and to compare them between patients with orthotopic neobladder and ileal conduit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 97 patients with radical cystectomy were analyzed: 75 patients with orthotopic ileal neobladder, operated from 1985. to 2006, and 22 patients ...
Abrahamsson Kate - - 2007
PURPOSE: The effect on bladder function of tethered spinal cord release in individuals with myelomeningocele differs in published studies, and the benefit has been the subject of debate. We studied the urodynamic findings in a consecutively treated population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 120 children born with myelomeningocele between 1986 and ...
May Matthias - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of the lunar phases and the position of the moon in the zodiac on the frequency of complications and the survival of bladder cancer patients after radical cystectomy. It has been postulated that radical cystectomy performed during the waxing moon, or particularly at full moon, ...
Sillén U - - 2007
PURPOSE: We investigated whether the treatment of bladder dysfunction in infants with congenital high grade vesicoureteral reflux could influence the spontaneous resolution rate of the reflux and the number of recurrent urinary tract infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 115 infants with high grade vesicoureteral reflux were included in ...
Peng Chung-Hsin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Current medications used in the treatment of interstitial cystitis (IC) have limited efficacy. This prospective study investigated the efficacy of multiple intravesical instillations of resiniferatoxin (RTX) at the concentration of 10 nM. METHODS: Patients with proven IC previously treated with traditional medications for more than 6 months without clinical ...
Fehrling Marianne - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The ideal electrical parameters for maximal functional electrical stimulation (MFES) in the treatment of an overactive bladder have not yet been well established. It has been speculated that unsatisfactory results may be due to a low stimulation intensity and that the number of sessions may also be an outcome-determining ...
Ignjatovic I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcome of Mainz Pouch II urinary diversion related to complications and life quality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1995 to 2006, a total of 67 patients (60 male and 7 female, mean age 58.4 years, range 48 to 70) who underwent modified ureterosigmoidostomy (Mainz Pouch II) procedure ...
Bissada N K - - 2007
PURPOSE: Complete continent urinary diversion not incorporating the bladder is not commonly used in children. We evaluated the short and long-term outcome of a form of continent cutaneous urinary diversion (Charleston pouch I) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17 children underwent Charleston pouch I continent cutaneous urinary ...
Popov Z - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this report is to present our 30 years experience with various types of urinary diversions, in particular the Bricker and Studer techniques for the management of muscle invasive bladder cancer at our institution. Perioperative, early and late complications are also evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1977 ...
Kato Masanori - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively compare the long-term functional outcomes of ileal and sigmoid orthotopic bladder replacements after radical cystectomy. METHODS: From 1990 to 2004, 123 male patients underwent orthotopic neobladder reconstruction after cystectomy; 75 underwent ileal neobladder (IN) and 48 sigmoid neobladder (SN) procedures. The observation period was 12.3 to 151.6 ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
A simplified technique of cutaneous ureterostomy (CU) is presented for the treatment of high-risk bladder cancer patients. From 1968 to 2003, 2118 cystectomies with CU were performed for bladder cancer patients with uremic manifestations. The mean age was 67.4 +/- 27.3; 1206 patients were men and 912 were women. Cutaneous ...
Nakano Yuzo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the urinary cytokine levels for assessment of inflammatory conditions in patients with orthotopic neobladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urinary levels of IL-1beta, IL-6, and IL-8 were measured in 20 and 22 patients who underwent orthotopic neobladder replacement using ileum and sigmoid colon, ...
Kitchens David M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Little has been reported concerning the efficacy of endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid for the treatment of residual incontinence following bladder neck reconstruction. We present the experience of 2 institutions using endoscopic submucosal injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid to correct incontinence in patients who had previously undergone bladder neck reconstruction ...
Acimovic M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged survival of patients undergoing radical cystectomy due to the infiltrative carcinoma of the urinary bladder has increased the need for development of the orthotopic bladder enabling preservation of the upper urinary ways for the extended period of time. Orthotopic bladder with tubular afferent segments in which ureters are ...
Lee Yuh-Yun - - 2007
AIM: This paper reports an evaluation of the differences among rates of unnecessary catheterization, urinary retention and urinary tract infection before and after implementing a bladder ultrasound programme to assess urine volume. BACKGROUND: Bladder ultrasound is a non-invasive alternative to urethral catheterization for the determination of bladder urine volume. Much ...
Christoph F - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effects of standard oral anticholinergic treatment with tolterodine in children with neurogenic bladder over a 5-year follow-up period and focused on treatment satisfaction, patient compliance and urodynamic parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The follow-up consisted of regular visits and urodynamic evaluation at least once a year. The ...
Hadzi-Djokic J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcome of orthotopic ileal neobladder related to complications and quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1985 to 2006, 75 patients with mean age of 57 years, (41-75) underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic ileal neobladder substitution. The mean follow up was 72 months (6-144). Mean operative ...
Silva Carlos - - 2007
Bladder desensitization has been investigated as an alternative treatment for refractory detrusor overactivity. Most open and controlled clinical trials conducted with intravesical RTX showed that desensitization delays the appearance of involuntary detrusor contractions during bladder filling and decreases the number of episodes of urgency incontinence. Urgency is being recognised as ...
Baird A D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Many changes have occurred in the treatment of bladder exstrophy over the last few years and many repairs are now offered. The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term outcomes in a select group of patients in whom modern staged repair (MSRE) was undertaken. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From ...
Yamanaka Kazuki - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 72 patients aged > or =80 years (group A) who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion between January 1995 and December 2003, and the ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin A in the treatment of children with detrusor hyperreflexia caused by myelomeningocele and the effects of this treatment on neuropathic bladder and bowel dysfunction. METHODS: In a prospective study, 26 children with myelomeningocele (20 boys and 6 girls, mean age 6.9 years) ...
Garely Alan D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Most clinical trials designed to evaluate overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome treatments have focused on measuring micturition variables from bladder diaries. However, although diaries help physicians assess symptoms objectively, they lack information on patients' subjective experience of OAB symptoms and the effects of treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study ...
Casanova N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and report the current data on the treatment of both neurogenic and idiopathic detrusor overactivity with Botulinum toxin. METHODS: Literature review using Pub-Med and Medline from 1990 until June 30, 2006. RESULTS: Case series of patients with neurogenic detrusor dysfunction (NDD) and idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) range ...
Joniau Steven - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In muscle-invasive bladder cancer, the risk of developing a urethral recurrence after cystectomy varies between 4% and 18%, especially when an ileal conduit is performed. For this reason, some authors advocate a urethrectomy in these indications. At our center, we developed the technique of prepubic urethrectomy. We assessed the ...
Kneist W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To improve nerve-sparing surgery, intraoperative electrical stimulation of pelvic autonomic nerves (INS) has been proposed in urology, gynecology, and visceral surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of INS while monitoring intravesical pressure on the accurate evaluation of pelvic autonomic nerve preservation (PANP) after mesorectal ...
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