Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1303
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Melman Arnold - - 2007
The potential clinical advantages of a gene transfer therapy-based approach to treatment of genitourinary smooth muscle-based disorders are several: potential single therapy for restoration of normal bladder or erectile function; eliminating the need for daily medication; use in combination with other therapies to reduce dose requirements and side effects; and ...
Guru Khurshid A - - 2007
PURPOSE: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy has become an acceptable option for the treatment of clinically localized prostate cancer. The role of cystography in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy was evaluated prospectively. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 80 consecutive patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy with an intraperitoneal approach were evaluated. There were ...
Khoury Antoine E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the degree of preoperative bladder trabeculation in neurogenic bladder (NB) patients is a marker of significant outlet resistance. If so, severe trabeculation may obviate the need for concomitant bladder outlet procedure (BOP) during augmentation cystoplasty (AC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 48 incontinent patients with ...
Purves J Todd - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Many changes have occurred in the treatment of bladder exstrophy over the last few years and several repairs are now offered, but there is a lack of long-term follow-up data. The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term outcomes in a select group of female patients in whom ...
Neel Khalid Fouda - - 2007
PURPOSE: We investigated whether botulinum-A toxin is better used alone or in conjunction with oxybutynin chloride in the management of refractory neuropathic bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2004 and February 2006 a total of 23 children (mean age 5.6 +/- 2.5 years) with neuropathic bladder refractory to medical treatment ...
Patel Sanjay G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, presentation, treatment, and outcomes of bladder neck contractures (BNCs) among patients who had an orthotopic urinary diversion after radical cystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined our single-institution database of 788 patients who had a radical cystectomy from 1 January 1996 to 4 January 2006 ...
Lim Sey Kiat - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine if intraprostatic and bladder-neck injection of botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) in patients with bladder-neck dyssynergia (BND) is a feasible alternative therapy. METHODS: Males diagnosed with BND on video-urodynamics showing delayed and incomplete bladder-neck opening during voluntary voiding were recruited. Eight consenting patients had 100 U of BoNTA ...
Zabihi Nasim - - 2008
We evaluated the efficacy of bilateral caudal epidural sacral neuromodulation for the treatment of refractory chronic pelvic pain (CPP), painful bladder syndrome, and interstitial cystitis (IC). Thirty consecutive patients (21 female, 9 male) with severe refractory symptoms underwent bilateral S2-S4 sacral neuromodulation for CPP/IC. Patients were evaluated with the O'Leary ...
Allen Darrell - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience of the etiology, presentation, management and outcomes of male urethral diverticula, which are uncommon, with few reports of large series published. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with male urethral diverticula were treated at a single institution during a 7-year period. Their case notes were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: ...
Nwadiaro H C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was, to prospectively and retro respectively evaluate urethral catheterization (UC) versus supra-pubic cystostomy (SPC) in prevention of urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with spinal cord injury lesion. METHODS: A total of 125 patients with neurogenic bladder and a mean age of 30 years ...
Nieuwenhuijzen Jakko A - - 2008
PURPOSE: We present a single institute experience of the four most widely used diversions after cystectomy in 281 patients, with an evaluation of the association between clinical factors, complication rates, functional results, and metabolic complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1990 and 2005, 281 consecutive cystectomies were performed at our institute. ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2007
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of simultaneous bladder neck incision and valve ablation on urodynamic abnormalities in patients with posterior urethral valves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 46 patients with posterior urethral valves entered our prospective study between 1998 and 2003. Group 1 consisted of 22 patients who underwent ...
Denewer A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the function of our new technique, complications, continence, voiding patterns in those patients with the clinical evaluation of the S-shaped orthotopic ileal neobladder substitute incorporating a new antireflux technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2002 and November 2006, 50 patients (44 ...
Ahmad Imran - - 2008
Pilot study looking at the combination of general anaesthetic hydrodistension and intravesical hyaluronic acid for treatment of refractory interstitial cystitis. Twenty-three treatment refractory patients were recruited with an average age 53.4 years. All underwent general anaesthetic cystoscopy, hydrodistension and instillation of hyaluronic acid (40 mg/50 ml). The bladder was then ...
Storm Douglas W - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe our initial experience with laparoscopic robot-assisted appendicovesicostomy (LRAA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have performed the LRAA in three patients, aged 9, 17, and 45 years. The underlying medical conditions were myelomeningocele, prune-belly syndrome, and multiple sclerosis. Adjuvant procedures consisted of extensive lysis of adhesions and a bladder-neck ...
Mahawong Phitsanu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of capsaicin in treating overactive bladder symptoms in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective study of 20 benign prostatic hyperplasia patients whose overactive bladder symptoms were not improved by alpha1 blocker Alpha1 blocker was taken about 22.9 +/- 17.2 months before and ...
van Balken Michael R - - 2007
Lower urinary tract disorders, with its main representative the overactive bladder, are an increasing problem that impact patients' quality of life tremendously. Neuromodulative treatment may fill the gap between conservative measures and invasive surgery. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (Urgent PC) is a neuromodulation technique that is minimally invasive and easy ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2007
We described the clinical presentations, radiological findings, urodynamic patterns and endoscopic management in a series of patients with symptomatic lacuna magna (LM). The medical records of 14 boys diagnosed as LM were reviewed, retrospectively. The presence of LM was first diagnosed based on clinical history, physical exam, and radiological findings; ...
Hershberger Richard C - - 2007
Scant data exist regarding patient outcome after treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) with decompressive laparotomy. This work reviews the outcome of 25 burn patients at a single institution who underwent decompressive laparotomy for treatment of ACS in the periresuscitation period. A computerized burn registry and directed chart review were ...
Khositseth S - - 2007
In the cyclosporine era, reports on pediatric kidney transplant (KTx) patients with obstructive and reflux uropathy are limited by small numbers, short follow-up, and/or lack of control groups. Our single-center study evaluated long-term outcomes (patient and graft survival, urinary tract infections [UTIs], urologic complications) in a large cohort of KTx ...
Uccella Stefano - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) and laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy (LPS) to total abdominal radical hysterectomy (TARH) and pelvic lymphadenectomy (LPT) in terms of urinary tract lesions and postoperative urinary retention. METHODS: Starting in 2004, we treated all early stage cervical cancer ...
Frimberger D - - 2007
PURPOSE: Ureterocystoplasty is an effective technique for bladder reconstruction in patients with megaureter. Initial reports were encouraging but later repeat augmentation with bowel was necessary in many patients. We evaluated whether repeat augmentation after ureterocystoplasty could be avoided using two-thirds of each megaureter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ureterocystoplasty was performed in ...
Routh Jonathan C - - 2007
PURPOSE: Traumatic bladder neck lacerations extending into the urethra are devastating injuries that occur more commonly in children than in adults. It is unclear whether immediate repair of these injuries decreases long-term complications, such as urinary incontinence. We report our long-term results with immediate operative repair of these injuries. MATERIALS ...
Fedele Luigi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The main objective was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a new questionnaire for the presurgical diagnosis of bladder endometriosis in patients with a high suspicion index for this disease. METHODS: We included all patients of age <40 years undergoing laparoscopy or laparotomy for chronic pelvic pain. We partially ...
Liu Hsin-Tzu - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation of transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily 1 (TRPV1) mRNA expression levels and the clinical outcome of intravesical resiniferatoxin treatment in patients with idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO), as such treatment with vanilloids can be effective for DO. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 28 patients with IDO ...
Gearhart John P - - 2007
PURPOSE: We describe the results of modified Young-Dees-Leadbetter bladder neck reconstruction to achieve continence in patients who underwent complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy as newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Johns Hopkins Exstrophy Database we identified patients who underwent bladder neck reconstruction after having undergone complete primary repair of ...
Karsenty G - - 2008
Description of a technique and prospective follow-up study. To present and assess a perioperative strategy associated with a single-procedure surgical technique for continent cutaneous diversion in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients requiring self-catheterization and unable to do it through the native urethra. University hospital, Paris, France. We considered SCI patients ...
Tauzin-Fin P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bladder discomfort related to an indwelling catheter can exacerbate postoperative pain. It mimics overactive bladder syndrome that is resistant to conventional opioid therapy. Muscarinic receptor antagonists are effective for treatment of the overactive bladder. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of oxybutynin in the management ...
Ansari Selim M - - 2007
Ultrasonographic study of hepatobiliary system was done in 481 patients with acute right hypochondriac pain to find out any pathology in hepatobiliary system. A total of 57 patients with polypoid lesions in gall bladder were diagnosed and underwent extensive follow-up. In 31 patients, who underwent surgery, the histological findings were ...
Hruby Gregory W - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility of transurethral, focal, full-thickness bladder wall cryoablation in the porcine model using a novel 38-cm cryoablation probe. METHODS: A total of 18 pigs were divided into three groups. Groups 1 (n = 6) and 2 (n = 6) underwent transurethral bladder wall cryoablation in a ...
Mendiola Frederick P - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Radical cystectomy (RC) with urinary diversion remains as one of the more complex urological procedures despite considerable progress in surgical technique. Increasing patient age, along with associated age-related comorbidities, may portend a poor outcome in those undergoing such complicated surgical procedures. Herein, we report our experience with radical cystectomy ...
Liang C C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of postpartum urinary retention (PUR) after cesarean delivery and determine which obstetric factors contribute to this problem. METHOD: A prospective study recruited 605 pregnant women who had a cesarean delivery. Each patient's postvoid residual bladder volume (PVRBV) was estimated with an ultrasound scan after first ...
Cucchi Antonio - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the evolution of bladder voiding dynamics from the onset of symptoms to the final diagnosis of idiopathic detrusor underactivity (DUA) in men with storage and voiding lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and otherwise normal clinical findings. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the urodynamic findings in two patient groups ...
Dean Gregory E - - 2007
PURPOSE: Endoscopic bladder neck bulking techniques offer the potential for a relatively noninvasive cure for a difficult clinical problem. We review our experience using antegrade and retrograde approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 34 children (18 boys and 16 girls, mean age 11.7 years) have been treated since March ...
Groenendijk P M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Urodynamic parameters that predict the outcome of sacral nerve stimulation are difficult to define. We studied the predictive value of urethral instability and other urodynamic parameters on the efficacy of sacral nerve stimulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with refractory voiding disorders were implanted with a neurostimulator after responding with ...
Ehrlich Y - - 2007
PURPOSE: Lower urinary tract operations are being increasingly performed in elderly patients, in whom aspirin intake is common for preventing cardiovascular disease. We determined the safety of early aspirin re-initiation after lower urinary tract surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, open label clinical trial was done. The study cohort included ...
Abdalla Medhat Ahmed - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report our initial experience with the posterior sagittal pararectal approach as an alternative in the treatment of complicated urethral distraction defect after pelvic trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with posttraumatic pelvic fracture urethral distraction defects (PFUDDs) underwent urethroplasty in our department from March 2003 to June 2006. ...
Caione Paolo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To present the surgical, functional, and cosmetic results of anterior pelvic floor reconstruction in female exstrophic patients who underwent single-stage surgical repair. To verify differences in outcome from male exstrophic patients. METHODS: Among the 31 exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) patients treated in 10 yr, 13 (42%) were females. We studied ...
Fahmy Mohamed A Baky - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Whatever the method and timing of surgery, a high proportion of children with bladder exstrophy will continue to suffer from urinary incontinence. They face the options of urinary diversion to an external stoma or construction of a neobladder from bowel. This study describes a modified Duhamel's rectal pouch with ...
Rendeli C - - 2007
PURPOSE: We assessed the usefulness of urodynamic testing for determining the optimal timing of surgery and for evaluating the development of bladder function in children with lipomeningocele. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 64 patients (40 females) 3 to 17 years old (mean 8.5) with lipomeningocele. Patients were divided into ...
Chung Shiu-Dong - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the oncologic outcomes of hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy (HARNU) for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma and compare them with the data from conventional open surgery. METHODS: We collected the data from 25 patients who underwent HARNU at our institution from January 1999 to December 2003 for upper urinary ...
Hassouna Magdy M - - 2007
Pelvic neuromodulation is an established method of treating voiding dysfunction. Little is known about the pathophysiology associated with voiding dysfunction. Reports have suggested that a delay in treating patients with sacral neuromodulation therapy can impact the success rate of this type of treatment in voiding dysfunction. We examined patient response ...
Guru Khurshid A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The feasibility of robot-assisted anterior exenteration (RAAE) in women has been reported but not well established. We report our experience with seven patients, providing perioperative data, hospital course, and immediate oncologic outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 2005 to June 2006, seven consecutive patients with a mean ...
Nagele Udo - - 2007
Treatment of T4 bladder cancer patients remains a clinical challenge. Conservative management is often insufficient regarding local control, neoadjuvant chemotherapy delays definite treatment while leading to increased therapy-associated morbidity and mortality during the course of the disease. Primary cystectomy has also been reported to be associated with a high complication ...
Canon Stephen J - - 2007
PURPOSE: Cross-trigonal ureteral reimplantation is a commonly performed procedure for the correction of vesicoureteral reflux. Most previously described laparoscopic techniques have used an extravesical approach. A "vesicoscopic" technique is analogous to standard open cross-trigonal repair in principle, except that 3 ports with insufflation of the bladder are used to perform ...
Apostolidis Apostolos - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 49-year old man initially underwent clam ileocystoplasty 14 years ago. A revision of this original procedure was required 11 years ago for intractable detrusor overactivity secondary to transverse myelitis; he experienced only temporary symptomatic improvement that lasted 6 months after each procedure. Despite the use of oral anticholinergic ...
Hassan Ayman A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We report on the long-term functional results of the orthotopic Y-ileal neobladder and compare the outcome of the antireflux technique for ureteral implantation versus direct anastomosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1990 and 2002, 120 patients underwent cystoprostatectomy and orthotopic Y-shaped ileal neobladder for invasive bladder carcinoma. The direct Nesbit ...
Sussman David O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the onset of efficacy of tolterodine extended release (ER) in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A post hoc analysis was conducted using 3-day bladder diary data from a 12-week, multicenter, prospective, open-label study of tolterodine ER (4 mg qd) in patients (aged > ...
Daha Lukas K - - 2007
Urinary interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been proposed as a sensitive and specific inflammatory marker in bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). We therefore investigated the presence of urinary IL-6 in patients with BPS/IC to find a possible correlation with the symptoms before and after glycosaminoglycan substitution therapy. Urinary IL-6 levels of 25 ...
Rocco Francesco - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We believe early incontinence after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) is mainly due to the shortening of the sphincter's anatomic and functional length as a result of caudal retraction of the urethral sphincteric complex and disruption of the posterior median fibrous raphe. We illustrate a technique of anatomic and functional ...
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