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Ota, Hidetoshi
The herpetofauna of the Senkaku Group, western Ryukyus, was reviewed on the basis of recent fieldwork, as well as museum specimens and literature records. As a result, six species of reptiles were recorded from the islands. They are Gekko hokouensis Pope, Eumeces elegans Boulenger, Scincella sp., Ramphotyphlops braminus (Daudin), Elaphe ...
Catti M - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated functional results with an artificial urinary sphincter in children and adolescents in terms of complications, continence and voiding ability through followup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 patients (39 males and 5 females, age 8.6 to 29.5 years, median 14) underwent implantation of a pericervical AMS ...
Xu Yue-Min - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To develop and report our initial experience with a novel antirefluxing technique for segmental ileal ureteric replacement for the treatment of long ureteric strictures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and January 2007, 12 cases of ureteric strictures (nine bilateral and three unilateral) were treated using a novel surgical ...
Kuo Hann-Chorng - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate satisfaction in terms of quality-of-life (QOL) improvement among patients with spinal cord lesions and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia treated with botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injections to the detrusor for urinary incontinence and bladder dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 50 patients with spinal cord lesion and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia ...
Miyake Hideaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term functional outcomes of various types of orthotopic neobladder (NB). METHODS: Eighty-nine patients who underwent orthotopic NB reconstruction after radical cystectomy and were followed for at least 60 months after surgery were included in this retrospective study. The types of NB in this series were: modified ...
White W H - - 2008
Non-obstructive urinary retention is a complex disorder that can pose diagnostic and therapeutic problems to the treating urologist. A through history and physical examination coupled with well performed and interpreted urodynamic testing can offer insight into the etiology and prognosis of the disease. Myriad pharmacologic and conservative therapies exist to ...
Hsieh Ching-Hung - - 2008
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of hydrodistention (HD) and bladder training for interstitial cystitis (IC). From 1997 to 2006, 361 consecutive IC patients were treated by HD, followed by bladder training. Each patient was followed up using a diary for 8 weeks after HD weekly and monthly thereafter. ...
Casey Jessica T - - 2008
PURPOSE: There is limited literature examining urethral reconstruction in patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. We describe our experience of urethral reconstruction in men with concurrent neurogenic bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of all urethral reconstruction procedures performed by 1 surgeon was analyzed for patients with neurogenic bladder ...
Truzzi José Carlos I - - 2008
PURPOSE: Large post-void residual urinary volume may be related to the development of urinary tract infection. However, the maximum post-void residual volume that predisposes patients to a higher risk of urinary tract infection is not known. In this prospective study we determined the cutoff value for post-void residual volume that ...
Kaye Jonathan D - - 2008
PURPOSE: Biofeedback is known to effect symptomatic and objective cure in children with dysfunctional voiding. While some authors advocate animation assisted biofeedback to achieve success, we previously demonstrated similar success without animation. We recently used animated biofeedback aimed at simplifying muscle isolation and encouraging patient interest. We compared the efficacy ...
Chuang Yao-Chi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential utility of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) bladder injections in patients with radiation cystitis and bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-induced chemical cystitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, six patients with refractory radiation cystitis were treated with 200 U bladder BoNT-A injections and two patients with refractory cystitis after ...
Fairey Adrian - - 2008
PURPOSE: We determined the associations among age, comorbidity and clinical outcomes after radical cystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort analysis of 314 consecutive patients with primary bladder cancer treated with radical cystectomy between January 2000 and December 2006 in Edmonton, Canada. Comorbidity was obtained through a ...
Bhat Ami Lal - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of single-stage new technique of perineal urethroplasty with double breasting of the urethra and bladder neck and sphincteroplasty in female patients with epispadias. METHODS: We have treated 4 patients with severe female epispadias (male/female ratio 6:1) since 1991. They presented at the age of 3, ...
Okada Shinsuke - - 2008
We evaluated the efficacy of loxoprofen sodium for refractory nocturia. Twelve men (mean age, 75.1 +/- 5.7) with nocturia were enrolled in this study. All patients received 60 mg loxoprofen sodium prior to sleeping at night for 14 days. Nine of 12 patients (75%) felt more satisfaction than previous treatments. ...
Huang Jian - - 2008
PURPOSE: The preliminary results of laparoscopic radical cystectomy in 85 patients are presented in this study. The functional and oncologic outcomes of this procedure in these patients are discussed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between December 2002 and May 2006, we performed 85 laparoscopic radical cystectomies with orthotopic ileal neobladder for bladder ...
Adamopoulos Vasileios G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To estimate the level of analgesia which can be obtained with simple intravesical instillation of ropivacaine in comparison to the combination of both instillation and subepithelial injection of the same agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients were randomized in order that half (26) of them received simple intravesical instillation ...
Hemal Ashok K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcome and long term follow up of laparoscopic retroperitoneal nephroureterectomy with excision of cuff of bladder (LRPNUT-BCE) and standard open nephroureterectomy with excision of cuff of bladder (ONUT-BCE) in patients of upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma (UTTCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1998 to October 2006, ...
Johal Navroop S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Many institutions have reported varied levels of success with ureterocystoplasty. Recently, there have been concerns regarding the efficacy of ureterocystoplasty as a form of bladder augmentation. We report our long-term functional outcomes with the procedure based on the experience of a single surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of ...
Zhao Jimao - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of intermittent percutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation twice a week in Chinese female patients with interstitial cystitis. METHODS: A total of 18 female patients, mean age 60 years, with the main complaints of suprapubic or perineal pain and urinary frequency/urgency symptoms, were enrolled in a ...
Hara Noboru - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimum schedule for perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) for bladder cancer patients submitted to radical cystectomy with ileal conduit urinary diversion. METHODS: We studied 77 consecutive bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy with ileal conduit. The 1-day group (n = 33) received pre-, intra- and postoperative ...
Alam S M Mahbub - - 2008
Indiana pouch continent urinary diversion provides patient control over elimination of urine with periods of dryness. This allows emptying of urine from the pouch by catheter at convenient intervals avoiding major metabolic abnormalities with satisfactory renal function. Detubularization of the ascending colon and caecum with tapering of the terminal ileum ...
Murtaza Badar - - 2008
We present a case of 18 months old male child who reported with acute urinary retention. He had a urethral calculus along with a vesical calculus. He was subjected to combined external urethrotomy and open vesicolithotomy in one sitting. The patient made a smooth post operative recovery and was followed ...
Sairanen Jukka - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To measure urinary epidermal growth factor (EGF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis (PBS/IC) patients randomized to either cyclosporine A (CyA) or pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS) treatment for 6 months and compare the results with treatment response. METHODS: Urine samples from PBS/IC patients were collected before ...
Bersch Ulf - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The artificial sphincter is the method of choice in patients with stress urinary incontinence due to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. However, long-term studies reveal a high revision rate. OBJECTIVE: To determine the success and revision rates of a modified implant. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In a retrospective analysis, the results ...
Kwon Tae Gyun - - 2008
PURPOSE: Tissue engineered bladders are emerging as a potential treatment option in urological surgery. Although successful neobladders can be engineered with autologous cells on a biodegradable polymer scaffold, studies of the local and systemic effects on host tissue have not been extensively pursued. We examined such effects at predetermined time ...
Al-Taheini Khalid M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the role of radiologic studies in the detection of significant urologic anomalies in boys with acute epididymitis. METHODS: Retrospective chart reviews of patients with a diagnosis of acute epididymitis over a period of 15 years (January 1989 to December 2003). Patients presented with an acute scrotum and ...
el-Kassaby AbdelWahab - - 2008
PURPOSE: Urethral strictures have been a reconstructive dilemma for many years due to the limited availability of tissue substitutes and incidence of recurrence. Buccal mucosal grafts have been a favored material in instances where penile skin is unavailable due to its durability and excellent graft survival. Recently collagen based matrices ...
Mitsui T - - 2008
We evaluated the outcomes of augmentation ileocystoplasty in video-urodynamics (V-UDS) and questionnaires related to bowel and urinary function.Methods:In 22 meningomyelocele (MMC) patients (11 male and 11 female, a mean age at surgery 14.4 years) who underwent augmentation ileocystoplasties, V-UDS was performed before and at a median of 15 months (6-120 ...
Han Deok Hyun - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effect of transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P) in men with weak bladder contractility who were unresponsive to medical treatment. METHODS: Among the patients who underwent TUR-P for lower urinary tract symptoms at our institution, we reviewed the records of consecutive 71 patients who had preoperative ...
Selius Brian A - - 2008
Urinary retention is the inability to voluntarily void urine. This condition can be acute or chronic. Causes of urinary retention are numerous and can be classified as obstructive, infectious and inflammatory, pharmacologic, neurologic, or other. The most common cause of urinary retention is benign prostatic hyperplasia. Other common causes include ...
Chung S - - 2008
Spontaneous bladder rupture is very rare. A 67-year-old woman who was nearly anuric and had been on chronic hemodialysis therapy for diabetic end-stage renal disease for 6 years complained of severe low abdominal pain and fever for 2 days. Abdominal computerized tomography and retrograde cystography revealed the extraperitoneal leakage of ...
Abdelwahab, G; ;
Objective: To assess the long-term outcome of neobladder reconstruction after radical cystectomy. Patients and Methods: In this retrospective study we evaluated the records of 90 patients (70 males and 20 females) subjected to radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder reconstruction at Sohag University Hospital, Sohag, Egypt, between January 1999 and January ...
Daha Lukas K - - 2008
The objective of the study was to determine whether intravesical pentosanpolysulfate (PPS) reduces symptoms associated with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). In a prospective, uncontrolled, open-label study, 29 female patients with BPS/IC received 300 mg PPS intravesically twice a week for 10 weeks and thereafter a voluntary maintenance therapy once ...
Starkman Jonathan S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Bladder outlet obstruction following stress incontinence surgery may present as a spectrum of lower urinary tract symptoms. We evaluated the prevalence and impact of persistent overactive bladder symptoms following urethrolysis for iatrogenic bladder outlet obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective review we identified 40 patients who underwent urethrolysis. ...
Lima Salvador Vilar C - - 2008
PURPOSE: Children and young adults treated with augmentation procedures with total intestinal flaps are at increased risk for specific complications in the long term. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the long-term results of demucosalized bladder augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 183 patients (92 males ...
Braga Luis H P - - 2008
PURPOSE: We review our results with isolated male epispadias repair, comparing the Cantwell-Ransley and Mitchell-Bagli procedures in regard to continence status and postoperative complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 33 patients presenting with isolated epispadias (glanular in 3, penile in 9, penopubic in 21) between 1994 and ...
Amend Bastian - - 2008
Patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction demonstrate an insufficient treatment outcome under dosage-escalated monotherapy. With the objectives of continence and normalised bladder pressure, safe and tolerable non-invasive treatment alternatives were evaluated by using combined antimuscarinics. Twenty-seven patients who were previously registered in a doubled antimuscarinics study were enrolled in this study. ...
Dickson Alan P - - 2008
Continent stoma rectus sheath tunnel (CSRST) has been used in antegrade colonic enema (ACE) and urinary continent cutaneous diversion (UCCD) stomas to reduce leakage and to support a straight track for the continent conduit. All patients that underwent CSRST between 1995 and 2005 were identified and their case notes retrospectively ...
Neel Khalid Fouda - - 2008
PURPOSE: We prospectively evaluated the efficacy and durability of a combination of intradetrusor botulinum-A toxin (BTX-A) and endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) to manage children with myelomeningocele (MMC) and non-compliant refluxing bladders who were not responding to standard conservative therapy. We also evaluated whether this combined therapy can lower ...
Hemal Ashok K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with laparoscopic radical cystectomy and extracorporeal urinary diversion for high-grade muscle invasive bladder cancer in a consecutive series of 48 patients with 3 years of follow-up. METHODS: From June 1999 to April 2006, 48 patients (42 men and 6 women; mean age 59 years, range ...
Hanson Gregory R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bladder neck contracture (BNC) following prostatectomy has been reported in 0.5-32% of cases. While the etiology of a BNC is unclear, several factors have been associated with this complication, including blood loss, devascularization of bladder neck tissue, poor mucosal apposition and urinary extravasation. To study the impact of urinary ...
Yang Stephen Shei-Dei - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the voiding function, ejaculation status and sexual function after the novel modification of transurethral incision of the bladder neck (TIBN) treating young men with primary bladder neck obstruction (PBNO). METHODS: Using a videourodynamic study, PBNO was diagnosed in 33 young men 27-50 years of age who presented ...
Abol-Enein Hassan A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To revise indications, case fatality ratio, and postoperative early and late complications of ileal conduit as a method of urinary diversion. METHODS: This is a retrospective study in which 200 patients underwent an ileal conduit from August 1994 to December 2000 in Mansoura Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura, Egypt. ...
D'Ancona Carlos Arturo Levi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Urodynamic studies are considered the reference standard to diagnose bladder outlet obstruction. However, the procedure is invasive, expensive, and time-consuming. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new minimally invasive urodynamic assessment model and compare the results with those of conventional urodynamic evaluation. METHODS: The study included ...
Nickel J Curtis - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic, debilitating condition that is often associated with late diagnosis and a delay in initiation of appropriate IC-specific therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the length of time from initial diagnosis to start of treatment impacts subsequent symptom improvement. METHODS: ...
Tan Hung-Jui - - 2008
AIMS: Risk factors for complications following ileovesicostomy have not been well defined. This study's purpose was to examine outcomes following ileovesicostomy in adults and identify possible risk factors that may contribute to post-operative complications. METHODS: Retrospective database review identified ileovesicostomy procedures from August 1999 to September 2003. Demographic, pre-operative, and ...
White Wesley M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the long-term efficacy and durability of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) for the treatment of refractory, nonobstructive urinary retention. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients who underwent SNS with the InterStim device for refractory, nonobstructive urinary retention was performed. All patients had their history taken, underwent physical ...
Rikken Berend - - 2008
AIMS: Preventive measurements are obligatory for optimal treatment of neurogenic bladder patients. We investigated Dutch urological practice in neurogenic bladder patients in relation to the available guidelines on neurogenic bladder. METHODS: A 12-point survey was sent to all 304 certified urologists of the Dutch Urological Association in July 2007. Management ...
Kosan Murat - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to evaluate changes in contractile responses under in vitro conditions in detrusor overactivity (DO) in patients with bladder outflow obstruction (BOO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Detrusor strips obtained during open prostatectomy procedure from 16 patients with BOO related to benign prostate hyperplasia were evaluated under ...
Welk Blayne K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To test the dyspareunia response of patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome treated with an intravesical therapeutic solution of lidocaine, heparin, and sodium bicarbonate. METHODS: We studied consecutive patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome who were sexually active and were treated with an intravesical therapeutic solution. All patients provided ...
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