Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1303
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Honeck Patrick - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Various techniques have been described for orthotopic bladder substitution. Bladder substitution with sigma is rather classed as a useful alternative standby. We report the long-term results of sigmoid neobladder in comparison to ileal neobladder with respect to urodynamic and defecation parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We matched 10 patients with ...
Gupta Anupam - - 2009
To study the significance of filling cystometry in assessment and management of neurogenic bladder in myelopathies and correlate neurological recovery and bladder management in the follow up. Retrospective analysis of reports of filling cystometry in patients with traumatic and non-traumatic myelopathy. Neuro-rehabilitation unit of a tertiary care university hospital. The ...
Theoharides T C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Interstitial cystitis/Painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a chronic bladder condition of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. However, there is evidence of bladder surface mucosal and glycosaminoglycans (GAG) dysfunction in IC/PBS and GAG replacement therapy has been used to treat the condition. The results of an open label, uncontrolled study of ...
Kamphuis Ed T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spinal local anesthetics interrupt the micturition reflex; bladder function remains impaired until sensory block had regressed to the S3 segment. Intrathecal opioids cause dose-dependent suppression of detrusor contractility. We studied the effects of spinal anesthesia with a combination of lidocaine and sufentanil on lower urinary tract function. METHODS: Filling ...
Armatys Sandra A - - 2009
PURPOSE: We reviewed indications and outcomes in patients undergoing ileal ureter replacement for ureteral reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 1989 and September 2007, 105 patients underwent ileal ureter replacement, of whom 14 were excluded from study due to incomplete data. The remaining 91 patients (99 renal units) comprised the ...
Subramaniam Ramnath - - 2009
PURPOSE: We report the effectiveness of an antegrade continence enema stopper device in preventing stomal stenosis in catheterizable channels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases in which a channel was created for clean intermittent catheterization during a 5-year period beginning in May 2002 were included in the analysis. For the first ...
Radziszewski Krzysztof - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of neurogenic dysfunctions of micturition, both surgical and conservative, aims primarily to protect upper urinary tract function. This goal can be achieved by lowering intravesical pressure and increasing urinary bladder capacity in the urine collection phase or by facilitating bladder emptying. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper ...
Athanasopoulos A - - 2009
Our objective was to assess the effect of the selective alpha(1)-blocker alfuzosin on urodynamic parameters and quality of life in female patients with primary bladder neck obstruction (PBNO). Twenty-five women identified as having PBNO were included in the study. After the initial assessment of urodynamic parameters and bother score index, ...
Wells Tiffany H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract dysfunction is a common morbidity related to radical hysterectomy (RAH). Although transurethral catheterization (TUC) has traditionally been used for postoperative bladder drainage following RAH, suprapubic catheterization (SPC) is an alternative method that may be advantageous. OBJECTIVES: To determine, by means of a retrospective cohort study, the ...
Takenaka Atsushi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the voiding status in elderly patients (aged >or=80 years) with that in younger patients undergoing orthotopic neobladder substitution during long-term survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The voiding status was assessed in 111 patients (ileal neobladder in 62, ascending colonic neobladder in 14, sigmoid colonic neobladder in 21 and ...
Thurairaja R - - 2008
PURPOSE: In male patients with ileal bladder substitute we ascertained the likelihood of spontaneous voiding failure, the corrective procedures required and the eventual outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following cystectomy and ileal bladder substitution for urothelial cancer between April 1985 and September 2002 male patients were identified and analyzed from the ...
Khorrami Mohammad-Hatef - - 2008
PURPOSE: Catheter obstruction from mucus plugging and urinary leakage are common problems after enterocystoplasty. A large suprapubic catheter and frequent bladder irrigation with normal saline are routinely used in the postoperative period to decrease catheter plugging. In this study we evaluated the use of a somatostatin analogue (Sandostatin to decrease ...
Scales Charles D CD - - 2008
PURPOSE: The urological complications of spina bifida impose a significant burden of disability and disease. Therapy is focused on the bladder to achieve the primary goals of maintaining normal renal function and attaining urinary continence. When medical management fails, surgical intervention, including enterocystoplasty, is frequently performed. However, practice patterns for ...
Dhadse Sharda - - 2009
Avifaunal study was carried out in Panipat refinery area before and after commissioning. A total of 63 birds were observed during the study, of which 39 and 49 birds were present during 1992 and 2001 respectively. Of these, 25 birds were common during both the study period. Blue rock pigeon ...
Autorino R - - 2009
AIMS: To compare health related quality of life (HRQOL) between patients with two different types of urinary diversion, ileal conduit and orthotopic neobladder, and between them and an age-matched population of healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty eight patients treated with radical cystectomy for bladder cancer at our institutions between ...
Zinner N - - 2008
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Patient perception of overactive bladder (OAB) treatment outcomes can be a useful indicator of benefit and may help drive persistence on treatment, which is known to be poor in OAB. It remains unclear whether OAB patients dissatisfied with one antimuscarinic can achieve satisfaction with another and supporting ...
Ou Chien-Hui - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated the feasibility of hand assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract with the patient completely supine (spread-eagled). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2006 to January 2008 hand assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy with open bladder cuff excision was performed in 32 patients with upper ...
López Pereira P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We assessed clinical and urodynamic outcomes, over a minimum 10-year follow-up period, of neuropathic bladder patients treated with a bladder augmentation (BA) to determine if periodic urodynamic studies are needed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with poorly compliant bladders underwent BA at a mean age of 11 years (2.5-18). ...
Herr Harry W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether narrow-band imaging (NBI) cystoscopy enhances the detection of non-muscle-invasive bladder tumours over standard white-light imaging (WLI) cystoscopy, as surveillance WLI is the standard method used to diagnose patients with recurrent bladder tumours, but they can be missed by WLI cystoscopy, possibly accounting for early recurrences. PATIENTS ...
Giannantoni Antonella - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Most reports in the literature on botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) therapy for neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) are based on the results of a single injection. Because most patients may require retreatment, the efficacy and safety of multiple injections must be addressed clearly. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and safety ...
Dellis Athanasios E - - 2008
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: To assess the long-term histological, apoptotic and proliferating alterations of the intestinal mucosa of ileal conduits and orthotopic neobladders. METHODS: Fifty patients (46 males, 4 females), aged 52-78 years, who underwent urinary diversion with either ileal orthotopic neobladder (group ON, 20 patients) or conduit (group IC, 30 ...
Rawal Sudhir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of minilaparotomy for radical cystoprostatectomy (RCP) and urinary diversion in the management of urinary bladder carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 45 consecutive patients with muscle invasive urinary bladder cancer underwent RCP and urinary diversion [32, 12 and 1 patients with pitchers pot orthotopic neobladder (NB), ...
Comiter Craig V - - 2008
Nonobstructive urinary retention is an uncommon finding in women that may represent a difficult management problem for urologists and patients. Pharmacotherapy and urethral dilatation are rarely successful, and clean intermittent catheterization may be cumbersome. Those patients who cannot self-catheterize may be subjected to an indwelling catheter. Sacral nerve stimulation is ...
Bael An - - 2008
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare prospectively, in urge syndrome and dysfunctional voiding, clinical patterns with urodynamic patterns, to assess changes in urodynamic patterns after treatment, and to correlate urodynamic patterns and parameters with treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the European Bladder Dysfunction Study 97 children ...
Carmignani Luca - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate modifications in bladder sensitivity and function after ureteroneocystostomy with bladder psoas hitch for hydronephrosis due to deep pelvic endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Center for the Treatment of Endometriosis of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the State University of Milan, Italy. PATIENT(S): Thirteen patients with ...
Cavaller Armando Radesca - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Patients who have undergone pelvic radiotherapy can develop urinary complications such as actinic cystitis or fistulas and ultimately need urinary diversion, for which several techniques have been described. The purpose of this experimental study was to compare 2 different types of continent urinary diversion with the colonic pouch. METHODS: ...
Stoehr Brigitte - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a prospective controlled study to compare the acceptance of two different ways of administering intravesical mitomycin C, as the immediate intravesical administration of chemotherapy after surgery decreases the risk of recurrence in patients with superficial bladder cancer, but response rates are variable, partly because of inadequate drug ...
Wagner Matthew - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report 8 cases using the Yang-Monti channel with ileum for adult continent cutaneous urinary diversion. METHODS: From 2004 to 2006, 108 patients underwent urinary diversion, 8 of whom had a continent cutaneous reservoir using the Yang-Monti principle. Channels were created by transversely retubularizing 2 to 3 cm of ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2008
PURPOSE: The application of autologous myoblasts is an area of active research that may represent an improved alternative for the treatment of urinary incontinence. In this study we investigated the effectiveness of autologous myoblast injection for the treatment of urinary incontinence in children with classic bladder exstrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Rovner Eric S - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of tolterodine extended release and/or tamsulosin on micturition related urgency episodes, urgency severity and patient reported outcomes in men who met entry criteria for prostatic enlargement and overactive bladder trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men 40 years old or older with an International Prostate Symptom Score ...
Nardos Rahel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcome at discharge and at 6-months follow up in patients who underwent repair of obstetric fistulae with postoperative bladder catheterization for 10, 12, or 14 days. METHODS: A retrospective study of 212 obstetric fistula patients who underwent repair with postoperative bladder catheterization for 10 days ...
Sahadevan Kanagasabai - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To audit the long-term outcome of patients with Mitrofanoff continent urinary diversion (MUD) to inform counselling of future patients concerning the procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent MUD between 1990 and 2003 were identified. Continence, urinary tract infection (UTI), calculus formation and renal function were assessed by ...
Marzorati G - - 2008
Purpose. Our aim was to determine the success of urethroplasty using a free graft of buccal or bladder mucosa for the treatment of complex anterior urethral stricture in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS. From October 2000 to February 2005, 11 patients with complex anterior urethral stricture underwent substitution urethroplasty, using mucosal ...
Ota, Hidetoshi
The herpetofauna of the Senkaku Group, western Ryukyus, was reviewed on the basis of recent fieldwork, as well as museum specimens and literature records. As a result, six species of reptiles were recorded from the islands. They are Gekko hokouensis Pope, Eumeces elegans Boulenger, Scincella sp., Ramphotyphlops braminus (Daudin), Elaphe ...
Catti M - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated functional results with an artificial urinary sphincter in children and adolescents in terms of complications, continence and voiding ability through followup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 patients (39 males and 5 females, age 8.6 to 29.5 years, median 14) underwent implantation of a pericervical AMS ...
Xu Yue-Min - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To develop and report our initial experience with a novel antirefluxing technique for segmental ileal ureteric replacement for the treatment of long ureteric strictures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and January 2007, 12 cases of ureteric strictures (nine bilateral and three unilateral) were treated using a novel surgical ...
Kuo Hann-Chorng - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate satisfaction in terms of quality-of-life (QOL) improvement among patients with spinal cord lesions and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia treated with botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injections to the detrusor for urinary incontinence and bladder dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 50 patients with spinal cord lesion and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia ...
Miyake Hideaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term functional outcomes of various types of orthotopic neobladder (NB). METHODS: Eighty-nine patients who underwent orthotopic NB reconstruction after radical cystectomy and were followed for at least 60 months after surgery were included in this retrospective study. The types of NB in this series were: modified ...
White W H - - 2008
Non-obstructive urinary retention is a complex disorder that can pose diagnostic and therapeutic problems to the treating urologist. A through history and physical examination coupled with well performed and interpreted urodynamic testing can offer insight into the etiology and prognosis of the disease. Myriad pharmacologic and conservative therapies exist to ...
Hsieh Ching-Hung - - 2008
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of hydrodistention (HD) and bladder training for interstitial cystitis (IC). From 1997 to 2006, 361 consecutive IC patients were treated by HD, followed by bladder training. Each patient was followed up using a diary for 8 weeks after HD weekly and monthly thereafter. ...
Casey Jessica T - - 2008
PURPOSE: There is limited literature examining urethral reconstruction in patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. We describe our experience of urethral reconstruction in men with concurrent neurogenic bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of all urethral reconstruction procedures performed by 1 surgeon was analyzed for patients with neurogenic bladder ...
Truzzi José Carlos I - - 2008
PURPOSE: Large post-void residual urinary volume may be related to the development of urinary tract infection. However, the maximum post-void residual volume that predisposes patients to a higher risk of urinary tract infection is not known. In this prospective study we determined the cutoff value for post-void residual volume that ...
Kaye Jonathan D - - 2008
PURPOSE: Biofeedback is known to effect symptomatic and objective cure in children with dysfunctional voiding. While some authors advocate animation assisted biofeedback to achieve success, we previously demonstrated similar success without animation. We recently used animated biofeedback aimed at simplifying muscle isolation and encouraging patient interest. We compared the efficacy ...
Chuang Yao-Chi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential utility of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) bladder injections in patients with radiation cystitis and bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-induced chemical cystitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, six patients with refractory radiation cystitis were treated with 200 U bladder BoNT-A injections and two patients with refractory cystitis after ...
Fairey Adrian - - 2008
PURPOSE: We determined the associations among age, comorbidity and clinical outcomes after radical cystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort analysis of 314 consecutive patients with primary bladder cancer treated with radical cystectomy between January 2000 and December 2006 in Edmonton, Canada. Comorbidity was obtained through a ...
Bhat Ami Lal - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of single-stage new technique of perineal urethroplasty with double breasting of the urethra and bladder neck and sphincteroplasty in female patients with epispadias. METHODS: We have treated 4 patients with severe female epispadias (male/female ratio 6:1) since 1991. They presented at the age of 3, ...
Okada Shinsuke - - 2008
We evaluated the efficacy of loxoprofen sodium for refractory nocturia. Twelve men (mean age, 75.1 +/- 5.7) with nocturia were enrolled in this study. All patients received 60 mg loxoprofen sodium prior to sleeping at night for 14 days. Nine of 12 patients (75%) felt more satisfaction than previous treatments. ...
Huang Jian - - 2008
PURPOSE: The preliminary results of laparoscopic radical cystectomy in 85 patients are presented in this study. The functional and oncologic outcomes of this procedure in these patients are discussed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between December 2002 and May 2006, we performed 85 laparoscopic radical cystectomies with orthotopic ileal neobladder for bladder ...
Adamopoulos Vasileios G - - 2008
PURPOSE: To estimate the level of analgesia which can be obtained with simple intravesical instillation of ropivacaine in comparison to the combination of both instillation and subepithelial injection of the same agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients were randomized in order that half (26) of them received simple intravesical instillation ...
Hemal Ashok K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcome and long term follow up of laparoscopic retroperitoneal nephroureterectomy with excision of cuff of bladder (LRPNUT-BCE) and standard open nephroureterectomy with excision of cuff of bladder (ONUT-BCE) in patients of upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma (UTTCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1998 to October 2006, ...
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