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Erickson Bradley A - - 2010
The ability of uroflowmetry to diagnose recurrent stricture disease after urethroplasty has not been fully investigated. Our routine post-urethroplasty monitoring includes retrograde urethrogram and voiding cystourethrogram at 3 and 12 months, in addition to uroflowmetry at 3-month intervals for a year. All uroflowmetry data, including maximum flow rate, voided volume ...
Pulvino James Q - - 2010
PURPOSE: We compared 2 techniques used to assess adequate postoperative bladder emptying. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, randomized, crossover study of 2 voiding trial techniques. 1) For back fill the bladder is filled with 300 cc saline before the Foley catheter is removed. 2) For auto fill the ...
Singh Vishwajeet - - 2011
To document the management of tuberculous cicatrized urinary bladder by incorporating bowel segment and the long-term follow-up after the reconstructive surgery. Twenty-three patients (out of 28) were managed by augmentation cystoplasty (AC) and 5 by orthotopic neobladder (OTN) reconstruction. Sigmoidocystoplasty was performed in 11 cases, ileocystoplasty in 10 patients and ...
Johansson Rose-Marie - - 2010
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the presence of urinary retention in older patients with hip fracture and to describe what actions nurses performed to detect, prevent and treat urinary retention. BACKGROUND: The incidence of urinary retention in patients with hip fracture is described as ...
Oztemür Zekeriya - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of early surgical decompression of acute spinal cord injury through the evaluation of urinary bladder function in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done with 21 New Zealand male rabbits which were 9 to 12 months in age, ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2011
To investigate the efficacy of therapeutic methods for recurrent epididymitis and neurovascular sparing vas clipping in refractory cases. Fifteen boys with recurrent epididymitis were enrolled: the first group (9) with primary structural anomalies and the second group (6) with voiding dysfunction without structural anomalies. Median age was 4 (29 months ...
Yamamoto T - - 2011
It is usually difficult to distinguish between idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and parkinsonian-type multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) in the early stage. However, it is important to make a careful early-stage diagnosis. Therefore, we determined whether an examination of pelvic organ dysfunction would be helpful to distinguish between PD and MSA-P. ...
Sircili Maria Helena Palma - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the results of masculinizing genitoplasty in a large cohort of patients with disorders of sex development treated at a single public tertiary center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 52 patients with 46,XY and 7 with 46,XX disorders of sex development with proximal hypospadias and genital ambiguity reared ...
Diot Quentin - - 2011
To assess daily variations in delivered doses in postprostatectomy patients, using kilovoltage cone-beam CT (CBCT) datasets acquired before and after interventions to correct for observed distortions in volume/shape of rectum and bladder. Seventeen consecutive patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy to the prostate bed were studied. For patients with large anatomical ...
Andersson Marie - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate whether urinary flow improves with time after tubularized incised plate (TIP) repair. Between 1999 and 2003, primary TIP was performed in 126 boys. In patients old enough (48 boys, mean age at surgery 46 months, range 18-103), uroflowmetry was performed 1 ...
Koga Hirofumi - - 2010
We carried out a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of both induction and maintenance therapy with intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) for high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Intravesical instillation of 80 mg Tokyo strain was given to patients with high-risk NMIBC, including carcinoma ...
Grise Philippe - - 2010
Botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) has been reported to be effective for treatment of patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) refractory to anticholinergic agents. However, in most of the studies, the efficacy was associated with concomitant use of anticholinergics. To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of BoNTA and compare two ...
Davenport Kim - - 2010
The aim of this study was to audit our experience of cystodiathermy under local anaesthetic (LA) at the time of flexible cystoscopy for recurrent superficial bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). A total of 264 flexible cystoscopies were performed on patients with a past history of TCC. The number and site ...
Naselli Angelo - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of transurethral resection (TUR) of bladder lesions performed entirely by means of a narrowband imaging (NBI) modality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from an ongoing prospective randomized trial (NCT01004211) were extracted. Quality outcomes of standard TUR and NBI TUR were compared. Complications were graded according to ...
Unzueta Miguel M - - 2010
This article examines which racial groups are associated with the concept of diversity. Results indicate that regardless of perceivers' racial in-group, minorities (Asians, Blacks, and Latinos) tend to be more associated with diversity than do Whites. In addition, members of minority racial groups were found to associate their respective in-groups ...
Dal Mago Adilson José AJ Hospital Governador Celso Ramos. - - 2010
Urinary retention is a common condition in the post-anesthetic care unit (PACU). Vesical overdistension and consequent damage of the detrusor muscle of the urinary bladder represent situations that can be prevented. The ultrasound allows the reliable measurement of the urinary volume, determining the prevalence of postoperative vesical distension. The objective ...
Krhut Jan - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to compare the urodynamic effects of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) delivered via intramural injection into the bladder wall to that of intravesical instillation in a rat model of detrusor overactivity and to evaluate the effects of intravesical instillation of BoNT-A in female patients with ...
Peters Kenneth M - - 2010
Restoring bladder and bowel function in spina bifida by creation of a skin-central nervous system-bladder reflex arc via lumbar to sacral nerve rerouting has a reported success rate of 87% in China. We report 1-year results of the first North American trial on nerve rerouting. Nine subjects were enrolled in ...
Lordêlo Patrícia - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effectiveness of parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation to treat overactive bladder in children. We designed a prospective randomized trial with sham control for this evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively randomized 25 girls and 12 boys with an average age of 7.6 years (range 4 to ...
Burgu Berk - - 2011
Bladder augmentation has revolutionized the care of children with neurogenic bladder but it is associated with certain short- and long-term complications. Using the combination of gastric and ileal segments to balance effects of these segments might be a solution for complications. A total of 39 female Spraque-Dawley rats randomly divided ...
Lee Daniel J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors of early urinary continence after robot-assisted prostatectomy (RARP) in men who underwent a posterior rhabdosphincter reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective analysis was performed in 107 consecutive men who underwent RARP by a single surgeon in an academic center. Men were excluded if they ...
Dicuio Mauro - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Bladder-scan before uroflowmetry is useful to reduce non-evaluable Q(max)-data. A significant problem is to receive an adequate voided volume in uroflow-measurements. Aims of this study were 1--to confirm if pre-voiding bladder scan can reduce the number of inadequate flow measurements, 2--to establish threshold values for prevoiding bladderscan volumes before ...
Foon Richard - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of regional anesthesia and mode of delivery on the function of the urinary bladder. The primary outcome was the time taken for urinary bladder sensation to return following various modes of delivery and analgesia/anesthesia. The secondary outcome was the volume of urine present in the ...
Neel Khalid F - - 2010
PURPOSE: We prospectively evaluated the efficacy and durability of combined intradetrusor botulinum-A toxin and endoscopic treatment for vesicoureteral reflux with anal irrigation as a total endoscopic and anal irrigation management approach. This minimally invasive protocol is used to manage myelomeningocele and noncompliant bladder in children who do not respond to ...
Bord Ilia - - 2011
To compare perinatal outcome of deliveries complicated by cord prolapse between cases in which bladder filling was performed in addition to supporting presenting part and cases where only support was employed. A retrospective review of 44 deliveries complicated by prolapse occurring after admission was made. The first group included 29 ...
Kim Isaac Yi - - 2010
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the continence rate following reconstruction of the posterior urethral plate in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 50 men with clinically localized prostate cancer who underwent RLRP was carried out. Twenty-five patients underwent RLRP using ...
Saleem Ayesha - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of cystometry in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with symptoms of overactive bladder, by comparing the treatment outcome in those with and without urodynamically proven bladder instability. METHODS: Prospective observational study performed at Urogynaecology Division, the Kidney Center Post-Graduate institute of nephro-urology, Karachi. Forty six ...
Lee Kyu Sung - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of endoscopic subureteral injection (ESI) in adults with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) associated with decreased bladder compliance (D-BC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 46 consecutive patients who underwent ESI for VUR at a single tertiary academic center. Fourteen patients (17 ureter units) who ...
Snodgrass Warren - - 2010
PURPOSE: We reviewed preoperative, and initial and final postoperative urodynamic testing in consecutive children undergoing bladder neck sling without augmentation for neurogenic urinary incontinence to determine if progressive loss of compliance occurs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed consecutive patients with neurogenic outlet incompetence who underwent 360-degree tight fascial wrap around ...
Braga Luis H P - - 2010
PURPOSE: We present the outcomes of children who underwent concurrent complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy and bilateral ureteral reimplantation vs those undergoing bladder exstrophy repair alone, focusing on the rate of postoperative febrile urinary tract infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy with bilateral ...
Di Lorenzo Giuseppe - - 2010
The efficacy of intravesical gemcitabine was evaluated compared with repeated administration of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) after BCG failure in high-risk, non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (BC). In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, phase 2 trial, eligible patients were those with high-risk non-muscle-invasive BC, failing 1 course of BCG therapy. All patients were randomly ...
Georg Petra - - 2011
To evaluate the predictive value of dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters for late side effects of the rectum, sigmoid colon, and bladder in image-guided brachytherapy for cervix cancer patients. A total of 141 patients received external-beam radiotherapy and image-guided brachytherapy with or without chemotherapy. The DVH parameters for the most exposed ...
Botto Henry - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Bacteriuria is a usual complication of enterocystoplasty following cystectomy. Cranberry products may decrease the number of urinary tract infections because of a non-dialysable compound, a condensed tannin, the proanthocyanidin (PAC) type A. This study determined the effectiveness of treatment with a cranberry preparation highly dosed in proanthocyanidin A in ...
Herschorn Sender - - 2010
PURPOSE: Although antimuscarinic treatment is indicated for overactive bladder, many patients discontinue it because of dry mouth. Of available antimuscarinics oxybutynin is associated with the highest dry mouth rate. We compared the safety and tolerability of 5 mg solifenacin vs 15 mg oxybutynin immediate release. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At 12 ...
VanderBrink Brian A - - 2010
Genital anomalies in females born with classic bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) include a bifid clitoris and anterior displacement of vagina. The aesthetic aspects of the genitals acquire greater significance with age and may affect self-esteem. We review our experience with clitoral reconstruction in an EEC population with an emphasis on ...
Kreutziger J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric prilocaine 2% is a medium long-acting spinal anaesthetic. There are few data on time to recovery and rate of urinary retention after spinal administration of hyperbaric prilocaine 2%. This prospective study was carried out to evaluate the time to spontaneous micturition, quantify the rate of necessary bladder catheterizations, ...
Minardi Daniele - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of a training program with uroflowmetry biofeedback and pelvic floor relaxation biofeedback on urodynamic and voiding parameters in women with dysfunctional voiding. Eighty-six women with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) and dysfunctional voiding were randomly assigned to receive a treatment schedule as follows: uroflowmetry biofeedback (group ...
Smit Shaun G - - 2010
Acute radiation cystitis occurs during or soon after radiation treatment. It is usually self-limiting, and is generally managed conservatively. Late radiation cystitis, on the other hand, can develop from 6 months to 20 years after radiation therapy. The main presenting symptom is hematuria, which may vary from mild to severe, ...
Shao Yuan - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of intravesical instillation of hyaluronic acid (HA) after hydrodistention for the treatment of patients with interstitial cystitis (IC) having small bladder capacity. METHODS: A total of 47 patients with IC (aged 27-76 years) whose functional bladder capacity was less than 200 mL received bladder hydrodistention. ...
Agarwal Mayank Mohan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neostigmine is cholinomimetic and is used for postoperative analgesia. Its urodynamics effects on voiding function have not been elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients without bothersome voiding symptoms planned for rigid cystoscopy under local anesthesia were enrolled. They underwent multichannel urodynamics (filling cystometry and pressure-flow study) before and 30 ...
Ersoz Murat - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to investigate the efficacy of intravesical oxybutynin hydrochloride (OH) to treat patients with overactive detrusors who are unresponsive to oral anticholinergic therapy alone. Twenty-five patients who were treated with oral OH for overactive detrusor (but who did not respond to treatment and were using ...
Zmora Oded - - 2010
PURPOSE: Urinary bladder drainage for several days after pelvic surgery is a common surgical practice, despite insufficient evidence supporting its routine use. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the utility of urinary bladder drainage after pelvic colorectal surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing pelvic surgery were prospectively randomly assigned ...
Cho Sung-Yong - - 2010
PURPOSE: Rectal contractions (RC) while performing filling cystometry are frequently detected, the clinical significance of RC has not been investigated. This study analyzed the relationship between RC and clinical data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in 5,026 patients with voiding dysfunction between June 2002 and April 2008. ...
Ong Chin Hu - - 2010
PURPOSE: We review the functional and oncologic outcomes of seminal vesicle and prostate capsule sparing cystectomy combined with ileal orthotopic bladder substitution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2003 to April 2009 a select group of 31 patients (median age 61 years, range 30 to 77) underwent seminal vesicle sparing cystoprostatectomy ...
Kim Kun Suk - - 2010
We have assessed the efficacy and safety of Escherichia coli extract (ECE; Uro-Vaxom) which contains active immunostimulating fractions, in the prophylactic treatment of chronically recurrent cystitis. Forty-two patients with more than 2 episodes of cystitis in the proceeding 6 months were treated for 3 months with one capsule daily of ...
Kufner Marcus - - 2010
Growth of the bladder in children with bladder exstrophy is primarily responsible for later ability to void continently. Improvement in bladder capacity has been noted in some boys following epispadias repair. Does the timing of epispadias repair influence the ability of the bladder to grow? Data were collected regarding bladder ...
Brook O R - - 2011
We evaluated the feasibility of a using urine sensor for voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and its implications for fluoroscopy time reduction. Institutional Review Board approved the study protocol. Study population included children less than 5 years old referred to our institution for VCUG. Patients with known vesicoureteral reflux or any pacing ...
Kutlu Omer - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The role of spinning top urethra (STU) in children with dysfunctional voiding was evaluated retrospectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 1995 to 2002, the records of 154 children with dysfunctional voiding were reviewed retrospectively. Of the children 110 (71%) were girls and 44 (29%) were boys (mean age 8 years, ...
Diot Quentin - - 2010
PURPOSE: Anatomical deformations of prostate-bed, rectum, and bladder can compromise the targeting accuracy in post-prostatectomy cancer patients. In this work, the impact of anatomical interventions on the localization data from post-prostatectomy patients who received image-guided IMRT was analyzed. METHODS: Patients were localized daily with online kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT). ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2010
PURPOSE: We present the long-term results of simultaneous "teapot" ureterocystoplasty and ureteral Mitrofanoff in patients with bilateral megaureters due to neurogenic bladder, and compare urodynamic results before and after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated 13 children (mean age 7.3 years) with end stage neurogenic bladder and refluxing megaureters ...
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