Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1303
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mozaheb Zahra - - 2011
SUMMARY: BACKGROUND: Numerous reports have shown that iron stores decrease in blood donors after donation. As we need healthy donors, it is essential to test hemoglobin and ferritin levels for preventing reduced of iron stores in donors. METHODS: This study was conducted on 235 healthy men. The donors were divided ...
Chin Siok-Fong - - 2011
Vitamin E supplements containing tocotrienols are now being recommended for optimum health but its effects are scarcely known. The objective was to determine the effects of Tocotrienol Rich Fraction (TRF) supplementation on lipid profile and oxidative status in healthy older individuals at a dose of 160 mg/day for 6 months. ...
Tao Yong-Jian - - 2011
To investigate the anti-apoptotic effect of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β(1)) on chronic ocular hypertension. The expression of TGF-β(1) in retinal ganglion cells (RCGs) was measured using the immunohistochemiscal S-P method and real-time PCR in the normally control group, the ocular hypertension group (experimental group A), the ocular hypertension plus ...
Jacobs Wilco - - 2011
The number of surgical techniques for decompression and solid interbody fusion as treatment for cervical spondylosis has increased rapidly, but the rationale for the choice between different techniques remains unclear. To determine which technique of anterior interbody fusion gives the best clinical and radiological outcomes in patients with single- or ...
Shek Ka Lai - - 2010
It is often assumed that stress urinary incontinence may be due to abnormal pelvic floor muscle function or anatomy. This may be mediated through urethral hypermobility. The aim of the study was to determine the association between major levator ani defects ('avulsion') and urethral mobility. Three hundred and five women ...
Schumacher H Christian - - 2010
Background and purpose Intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis causes ischemic stroke in a significant number of patients. Technological advances over the past 10 years have enabled endovascular treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis. The number of patients treated with angioplasty or stent-assisted angioplasty for this condition is increasing. Given the lack of universally ...
Van Kerrebroeck Philip E V - - 2010
Sacral neuromodulation has been developed to treat chronic lower urinary tract symptoms, resistant to classical conservative therapy. The suspected mechanisms of action include afferent stimulation of the central nervous system and modulation of activity at the level of the brain. Typical neuromodulation is indicated both in overactivity and in underactivity ...
Chen Guoqing - - 2011
To present a comprehensive experience of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injected into the detrusor muscle in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI) causing neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Three hundred units of BTX-A were injected cystoscopically into the detrusor muscle of 108 patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity secondary to SCI at 30 ...
Huang Chih Cheng - - 2011
The optimal duration of urethral catheterization during and after pelvic reconstructive surgery is not established. This study investigated the optimal duration of urinary catheterization in patients undergoing anterior vaginal repair with or without other vaginal surgeries. A total of 90 patients were included from April 2007 to March 2008. They ...
Engelhardt Paul F - - 2011
While the short-term efficacy of intravesical hyaluronan for bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) has been demonstrated, no data exist on the long-term outcome of this therapy. Seventy BPS/IC patients treated with intravesical hyaluronan therapy from 2001 to 2003 were asked to rate their present status of bladder symptoms on a ...
Watanabe Miho - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of extended-release (ER) tolterodine 4mg/day for the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) and/or low-compliance bladder by assessing urodynamic parameters. Forty-six patients (25 male, 21 female; mean age 57.6±20.7years) with NDO (n=39) and/or low-compliance bladder (n=7) were included in this 12-week single-arm study. Twenty-one patients (46%) ...
Garaffa Giulio - - 2010
to report our experience of using a radial artery-based forearm free flap urethroplasty (RAFFFU) inside a pre-fashioned pedicled pubic phalloplasty for female-to-male gender reassignment. a neourethra based on the RAFFF was incorporated into a previously constructed phalloplasty in 27 patients. Surgical outcome, patients' satisfaction and voiding sensation of the neourethra ...
Smith Ryan P - - 2011
Cesium-131 is a newer radioisotope being used in prostate brachytherapy (PB). This study was conducted to determine the predictors of urinary morbidity with Cs-131 PB. A cohort of 159 patients underwent PB with Cs-131 at our institution and were followed by using Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) surveys to ...
Gajewski Jerzy B - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is a chronic debilitating disease. A recently done survey estimates the prevalence of the BPS symptoms among adult females in the U.S. to be 7%. Conservative ...
Marinkovic Serge P - - 2011
Interstitial cystitis is a multifaceted medical condition consisting of pelvic pain, urgency, and frequency. Can sacral neuromodulation be successfully utilized for the medium term of ≥ 6 years in interstitial cystitis patients for whom standard drug therapies have failed? In our observational, retrospective, case-controlled review (January 2002-March 2004), we sought ...
Alroy J - - 2010
The fossil record demonstrates that each major taxonomic group has a consistent net rate of diversification and a limit to its species richness. It has been thought that long-term changes in the dominance of major taxonomic groups can be predicted from these characteristics. However, new analyses show that diversity limits ...
Jerlström Tomas - - 2010
To compare the functional outcome of two types of orthotopic bladder substitution, the S-shaped and the U-shaped neobladder, with respect to leakage, functional capacity and quality of life. Between 1999 and 2007, 45 male patients with urinary bladder cancer were treated with cystectomy and orthotopic bladder substitution; 23 with the ...
Peters Kenneth M - - 2010
Chronic pudendal nerve stimulation (CPNS) is a logical alternative particularly in those who fail sacral stimulation. We evaluated symptoms, complications, and satisfaction after CPNS. We retrospectively reviewed patients having a tined lead placed at the pudendal nerve via the ischial-rectal approach. Demographics, history, complications, and pre-implant voiding diary data were ...
Baishya Ramen - - 2010
Chikungunya is a viral infection often associated with lower urinary tract dysfunction. This study evaluates the urological squeal of Chikungunya fever in a single centre after an epidemic in 2006-2007 in India. Retrospective analysis of medical records of 13 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms after Chikungunya fever was evaluated ...
Snodgrass Warren - - 2010
PURPOSE: We compared continence results of the bladder neck sling vs the Leadbetter-Mitchell bladder neck procedure plus fascial sling in children with neurogenic urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared consecutive patients who received a 360-degree tight bladder neck sling to subsequent, similar patients who underwent a Leadbetter-Mitchell bladder neck ...
Bolduc Stéphane - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect of solifenacin for urinary incontinence in children with overactive/neurogenic bladder refractory to oxybutynin or tolterodine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pediatric patients presenting with refractory overactive bladder with incontinence were offered the opportunity to enter a prospective, open label protocol using adjusted dose regimens of 1.25 to ...
Coelho Rafael F - - 2011
Posterior reconstruction (PR) of the rhabdosphincter has been previously described during retropubic radical prostatectomy, and shorter times to return of urinary continence were reported using this technical modification. This technique has also been applied during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP); however, contradictory results have been reported. We describe here a modified ...
Erickson Bradley A - - 2010
The ability of uroflowmetry to diagnose recurrent stricture disease after urethroplasty has not been fully investigated. Our routine post-urethroplasty monitoring includes retrograde urethrogram and voiding cystourethrogram at 3 and 12 months, in addition to uroflowmetry at 3-month intervals for a year. All uroflowmetry data, including maximum flow rate, voided volume ...
Pulvino James Q - - 2010
PURPOSE: We compared 2 techniques used to assess adequate postoperative bladder emptying. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, randomized, crossover study of 2 voiding trial techniques. 1) For back fill the bladder is filled with 300 cc saline before the Foley catheter is removed. 2) For auto fill the ...
Singh Vishwajeet - - 2011
To document the management of tuberculous cicatrized urinary bladder by incorporating bowel segment and the long-term follow-up after the reconstructive surgery. Twenty-three patients (out of 28) were managed by augmentation cystoplasty (AC) and 5 by orthotopic neobladder (OTN) reconstruction. Sigmoidocystoplasty was performed in 11 cases, ileocystoplasty in 10 patients and ...
Johansson Rose-Marie - - 2010
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the presence of urinary retention in older patients with hip fracture and to describe what actions nurses performed to detect, prevent and treat urinary retention. BACKGROUND: The incidence of urinary retention in patients with hip fracture is described as ...
Oztemür Zekeriya - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of early surgical decompression of acute spinal cord injury through the evaluation of urinary bladder function in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done with 21 New Zealand male rabbits which were 9 to 12 months in age, ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2011
To investigate the efficacy of therapeutic methods for recurrent epididymitis and neurovascular sparing vas clipping in refractory cases. Fifteen boys with recurrent epididymitis were enrolled: the first group (9) with primary structural anomalies and the second group (6) with voiding dysfunction without structural anomalies. Median age was 4 (29 months ...
Yamamoto T - - 2011
It is usually difficult to distinguish between idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and parkinsonian-type multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) in the early stage. However, it is important to make a careful early-stage diagnosis. Therefore, we determined whether an examination of pelvic organ dysfunction would be helpful to distinguish between PD and MSA-P. ...
Sircili Maria Helena Palma - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the results of masculinizing genitoplasty in a large cohort of patients with disorders of sex development treated at a single public tertiary center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 52 patients with 46,XY and 7 with 46,XX disorders of sex development with proximal hypospadias and genital ambiguity reared ...
Diot Quentin - - 2011
To assess daily variations in delivered doses in postprostatectomy patients, using kilovoltage cone-beam CT (CBCT) datasets acquired before and after interventions to correct for observed distortions in volume/shape of rectum and bladder. Seventeen consecutive patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy to the prostate bed were studied. For patients with large anatomical ...
Andersson Marie - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate whether urinary flow improves with time after tubularized incised plate (TIP) repair. Between 1999 and 2003, primary TIP was performed in 126 boys. In patients old enough (48 boys, mean age at surgery 46 months, range 18-103), uroflowmetry was performed 1 ...
Koga Hirofumi - - 2010
We carried out a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of both induction and maintenance therapy with intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) for high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Intravesical instillation of 80 mg Tokyo strain was given to patients with high-risk NMIBC, including carcinoma ...
Grise Philippe - - 2010
Botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) has been reported to be effective for treatment of patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) refractory to anticholinergic agents. However, in most of the studies, the efficacy was associated with concomitant use of anticholinergics. To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of BoNTA and compare two ...
Davenport Kim - - 2010
The aim of this study was to audit our experience of cystodiathermy under local anaesthetic (LA) at the time of flexible cystoscopy for recurrent superficial bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). A total of 264 flexible cystoscopies were performed on patients with a past history of TCC. The number and site ...
Naselli Angelo - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of transurethral resection (TUR) of bladder lesions performed entirely by means of a narrowband imaging (NBI) modality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from an ongoing prospective randomized trial (NCT01004211) were extracted. Quality outcomes of standard TUR and NBI TUR were compared. Complications were graded according to ...
Unzueta Miguel M - - 2010
This article examines which racial groups are associated with the concept of diversity. Results indicate that regardless of perceivers' racial in-group, minorities (Asians, Blacks, and Latinos) tend to be more associated with diversity than do Whites. In addition, members of minority racial groups were found to associate their respective in-groups ...
Dal Mago Adilson José AJ Hospital Governador Celso Ramos. - - 2010
Urinary retention is a common condition in the post-anesthetic care unit (PACU). Vesical overdistension and consequent damage of the detrusor muscle of the urinary bladder represent situations that can be prevented. The ultrasound allows the reliable measurement of the urinary volume, determining the prevalence of postoperative vesical distension. The objective ...
Krhut Jan - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to compare the urodynamic effects of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) delivered via intramural injection into the bladder wall to that of intravesical instillation in a rat model of detrusor overactivity and to evaluate the effects of intravesical instillation of BoNT-A in female patients with ...
Peters Kenneth M - - 2010
Restoring bladder and bowel function in spina bifida by creation of a skin-central nervous system-bladder reflex arc via lumbar to sacral nerve rerouting has a reported success rate of 87% in China. We report 1-year results of the first North American trial on nerve rerouting. Nine subjects were enrolled in ...
Lordêlo Patrícia - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effectiveness of parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation to treat overactive bladder in children. We designed a prospective randomized trial with sham control for this evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively randomized 25 girls and 12 boys with an average age of 7.6 years (range 4 to ...
Burgu Berk - - 2011
Bladder augmentation has revolutionized the care of children with neurogenic bladder but it is associated with certain short- and long-term complications. Using the combination of gastric and ileal segments to balance effects of these segments might be a solution for complications. A total of 39 female Spraque-Dawley rats randomly divided ...
Lee Daniel J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors of early urinary continence after robot-assisted prostatectomy (RARP) in men who underwent a posterior rhabdosphincter reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective analysis was performed in 107 consecutive men who underwent RARP by a single surgeon in an academic center. Men were excluded if they ...
Dicuio Mauro - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Bladder-scan before uroflowmetry is useful to reduce non-evaluable Q(max)-data. A significant problem is to receive an adequate voided volume in uroflow-measurements. Aims of this study were 1--to confirm if pre-voiding bladder scan can reduce the number of inadequate flow measurements, 2--to establish threshold values for prevoiding bladderscan volumes before ...
Foon Richard - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of regional anesthesia and mode of delivery on the function of the urinary bladder. The primary outcome was the time taken for urinary bladder sensation to return following various modes of delivery and analgesia/anesthesia. The secondary outcome was the volume of urine present in the ...
Neel Khalid F - - 2010
PURPOSE: We prospectively evaluated the efficacy and durability of combined intradetrusor botulinum-A toxin and endoscopic treatment for vesicoureteral reflux with anal irrigation as a total endoscopic and anal irrigation management approach. This minimally invasive protocol is used to manage myelomeningocele and noncompliant bladder in children who do not respond to ...
Bord Ilia - - 2011
To compare perinatal outcome of deliveries complicated by cord prolapse between cases in which bladder filling was performed in addition to supporting presenting part and cases where only support was employed. A retrospective review of 44 deliveries complicated by prolapse occurring after admission was made. The first group included 29 ...
Kim Isaac Yi - - 2010
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the continence rate following reconstruction of the posterior urethral plate in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 50 men with clinically localized prostate cancer who underwent RLRP was carried out. Twenty-five patients underwent RLRP using ...
Saleem Ayesha - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of cystometry in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with symptoms of overactive bladder, by comparing the treatment outcome in those with and without urodynamically proven bladder instability. METHODS: Prospective observational study performed at Urogynaecology Division, the Kidney Center Post-Graduate institute of nephro-urology, Karachi. Forty six ...
Lee Kyu Sung - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of endoscopic subureteral injection (ESI) in adults with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) associated with decreased bladder compliance (D-BC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 46 consecutive patients who underwent ESI for VUR at a single tertiary academic center. Fourteen patients (17 ureter units) who ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >