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Nixdorf Donald R - - 2012
This article reports on the feasibility of conducting a large-scale endodontic prospective cohort study in The National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. This study was designed to measure pain and burden associated with initial orthograde root canal therapy (RCT) and to explore potential prognostic factors for pain outcomes. The main objectives ...
Dormuth Colin R - - 2012
Opioid analgesics and benzodiazepines are often misused in clinical practice. We determined whether implementation of a centralized prescription network offering real-time access to patient-level data on filled prescriptions (PharmaNet) reduced the number of potentially inappropriate prescriptions for opioids and benzodiazepines. We conducted a time series analysis using prescription records between ...
Pakosz Katarzyna - - 2012
Gingival hyperplasia is a common complication of immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine A (CyA). However, the association of CyA with increased tissue concentrations of TGF- β(1), a potential causative factor of hyperplasia, remains unknown. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of TGF- β(1) and IL-2 on the ...
Meek Claire - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To examine the efficacy and tolerability of rosuvastatin 5 mg at daily and non-daily dosing regimens. Research Design & Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted at 9 primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare centres in the United Kingdom. Main Outcome Measures: Changes in lipid fractions from baseline values after ...
- - 2011
Findings of large randomised trials have shown that lowering LDL cholesterol with statins reduces vascular morbidity and mortality rapidly, but limited evidence exists about the long-term efficacy and safety of statin treatment. The aim of the extended follow-up of the Heart Protection Study (HPS) is to assess long-term efficacy and ...
Kovarnik Tomas - - 2011
Background: There is no study focusing on changes in coronary atherosclerosis during dual lipid-lowering therapy with statin and ezetimibe. Methods and Results: Eighty-nine patients with stable angina randomized in a 1:1 ratio to Group A (aggressive therapy: atorvastatin 80mg, ezetimibe 10mg) and Group S (standard therapy) were analyzed. Treatment period ...
Della-Morte David - - 2011
Soft, lipid-containing carotid plaques, which appear echolucent on ultrasound imaging, have been associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke. We sought to investigate the effect of short-term treatment with atorvastatin on the change of carotid plaque echodensity. We treated 40 stroke-free and statin-naive subjects with 80 mg atorvastatin daily for ...
Xiong Yuan Ping - - 2011
Objectives. To investigate predictors of surgical outcomes of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) for obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).Study Design. Case series with planned data collection.Setting. A university medical center.Subjects and Methods. Thirty-nine patients with OSAHS received Z-palatopharyngoplasty (ZPPP) or Han-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (H-UPPP). All patients were evaluated within 3 months before surgery and ...
Piednoir Pascale - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of anaemia. It is apparent preoperatively in cardiac surgery patients and may influence transfusion requirements. In addition, iron deficiency per se is associated with fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of preoperative iron deficiency and its association with perioperative anaemia, blood transfusions and ...
Grey D E - - 2011
Background and Objectives  Preoperative diagnosis and treatment of anaemia are important to minimize adverse postoperative outcomes. This audit reviewed red cell transfusion practice, degree of anaemia, iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and chronic disease or anaemia of inflammation (AI) in cardiothoracic and orthopaedic surgical patients who had available iron studies. Materials ...
Agouridis Aris P - - 2011
Objective: Mixed dyslipidemia, oxidative stress and inflammation are related to a high risk for cardiovascular events. The aim of this open-label randomized study was to compare the effects of high-dose rosuvastatin, low-dose rosuvastatin plus fenofibrate and low-dose rosuvastatin plus omega 3 fatty acids on inflammation and oxidative stress indices in ...
Huang Jui-Chu - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of a combination of 10 mg ezetimibe and 20 mg simvastatin in Taiwanese patients with hypercholesterolemia. Research design and methods: A prospective, open-label, multi-center, hospital-based cohort study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of a single tablet combination of ezetimibe/simvastatin ...
Soltan Mohamed H - - 2011
Aim:  To compare maternal mortality and morbidity due to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) at Minia University Maternity Hospital, El-Minia, Egypt, before and while external aortic compression was applied as an adjunct intervention, and to identify the effect of aortic compression. Methods:  The obstetric data and outcomes of women with PPH were ...
Fang Ruile - - 2011
To study the relationship between plasma oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and carotid plaque, including plaque stability, of patients with acute ischemic stroke among Chinese Han ethnic group. A total of 181 patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited and enrolled. The subjects were divided into a carotid plaque group and ...
Cheung Jerry S - - 2011
To evaluate the reduced transverse relaxation rate (RR2), a new relaxation index which has been shown recently to be primarily sensitive to intracellular ferritin iron, as a means of detecting short-term changes in myocardial storage iron produced by iron-chelating therapy in transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients. A single-breathhold multi-echo fast spin-echo sequence ...
West Amy M AM Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2011
Both statins and ezetimibe lower LDL-C, but ezetimibe's effect on atherosclerosis is controversial. We hypothesized that lowering LDL-C cholesterol by adding ezetimibe to statin therapy would regress atherosclerosis measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) in peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Atherosclerotic plaque volume was measured ...
Khan Mueen Ullah - - 2011
Quality and safety in anesthesia is usually monitored by analysis of perioperative mortality-morbidity and incidents. Clinical quality indicator, death within 48 hours of anaesthesia exposure is considered to be a flag that can alert to possible problems in individual patient care. The measurement of perioperative mortality as a quality indicator ...
Nakamura Shigeru - - 2011
Study Type--Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? We have clarified that there exist two types of voiding urodynamics (pressure-flow-study) for congenital urethral obstruction in boys; one is synergic pattern (SP) and the other is dyssynergic pattern (DP). In ...
Mozaheb Zahra - - 2011
SUMMARY: BACKGROUND: Numerous reports have shown that iron stores decrease in blood donors after donation. As we need healthy donors, it is essential to test hemoglobin and ferritin levels for preventing reduced of iron stores in donors. METHODS: This study was conducted on 235 healthy men. The donors were divided ...
Chin Siok-Fong - - 2011
Vitamin E supplements containing tocotrienols are now being recommended for optimum health but its effects are scarcely known. The objective was to determine the effects of Tocotrienol Rich Fraction (TRF) supplementation on lipid profile and oxidative status in healthy older individuals at a dose of 160 mg/day for 6 months. ...
Tao Yong-Jian - - 2011
To investigate the anti-apoptotic effect of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β(1)) on chronic ocular hypertension. The expression of TGF-β(1) in retinal ganglion cells (RCGs) was measured using the immunohistochemiscal S-P method and real-time PCR in the normally control group, the ocular hypertension group (experimental group A), the ocular hypertension plus ...
Jacobs Wilco - - 2011
The number of surgical techniques for decompression and solid interbody fusion as treatment for cervical spondylosis has increased rapidly, but the rationale for the choice between different techniques remains unclear. To determine which technique of anterior interbody fusion gives the best clinical and radiological outcomes in patients with single- or ...
Shek Ka Lai - - 2010
It is often assumed that stress urinary incontinence may be due to abnormal pelvic floor muscle function or anatomy. This may be mediated through urethral hypermobility. The aim of the study was to determine the association between major levator ani defects ('avulsion') and urethral mobility. Three hundred and five women ...
Schumacher H Christian - - 2010
Background and purpose Intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis causes ischemic stroke in a significant number of patients. Technological advances over the past 10 years have enabled endovascular treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis. The number of patients treated with angioplasty or stent-assisted angioplasty for this condition is increasing. Given the lack of universally ...
Van Kerrebroeck Philip E V - - 2010
Sacral neuromodulation has been developed to treat chronic lower urinary tract symptoms, resistant to classical conservative therapy. The suspected mechanisms of action include afferent stimulation of the central nervous system and modulation of activity at the level of the brain. Typical neuromodulation is indicated both in overactivity and in underactivity ...
Chen Guoqing - - 2011
To present a comprehensive experience of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injected into the detrusor muscle in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI) causing neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Three hundred units of BTX-A were injected cystoscopically into the detrusor muscle of 108 patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity secondary to SCI at 30 ...
Huang Chih Cheng - - 2011
The optimal duration of urethral catheterization during and after pelvic reconstructive surgery is not established. This study investigated the optimal duration of urinary catheterization in patients undergoing anterior vaginal repair with or without other vaginal surgeries. A total of 90 patients were included from April 2007 to March 2008. They ...
Engelhardt Paul F - - 2011
While the short-term efficacy of intravesical hyaluronan for bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) has been demonstrated, no data exist on the long-term outcome of this therapy. Seventy BPS/IC patients treated with intravesical hyaluronan therapy from 2001 to 2003 were asked to rate their present status of bladder symptoms on a ...
Watanabe Miho - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of extended-release (ER) tolterodine 4mg/day for the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) and/or low-compliance bladder by assessing urodynamic parameters. Forty-six patients (25 male, 21 female; mean age 57.6±20.7years) with NDO (n=39) and/or low-compliance bladder (n=7) were included in this 12-week single-arm study. Twenty-one patients (46%) ...
Garaffa Giulio - - 2010
to report our experience of using a radial artery-based forearm free flap urethroplasty (RAFFFU) inside a pre-fashioned pedicled pubic phalloplasty for female-to-male gender reassignment. a neourethra based on the RAFFF was incorporated into a previously constructed phalloplasty in 27 patients. Surgical outcome, patients' satisfaction and voiding sensation of the neourethra ...
Smith Ryan P - - 2011
Cesium-131 is a newer radioisotope being used in prostate brachytherapy (PB). This study was conducted to determine the predictors of urinary morbidity with Cs-131 PB. A cohort of 159 patients underwent PB with Cs-131 at our institution and were followed by using Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) surveys to ...
Gajewski Jerzy B - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is a chronic debilitating disease. A recently done survey estimates the prevalence of the BPS symptoms among adult females in the U.S. to be 7%. Conservative ...
Marinkovic Serge P - - 2011
Interstitial cystitis is a multifaceted medical condition consisting of pelvic pain, urgency, and frequency. Can sacral neuromodulation be successfully utilized for the medium term of ≥ 6 years in interstitial cystitis patients for whom standard drug therapies have failed? In our observational, retrospective, case-controlled review (January 2002-March 2004), we sought ...
Alroy J - - 2010
The fossil record demonstrates that each major taxonomic group has a consistent net rate of diversification and a limit to its species richness. It has been thought that long-term changes in the dominance of major taxonomic groups can be predicted from these characteristics. However, new analyses show that diversity limits ...
Jerlström Tomas - - 2010
To compare the functional outcome of two types of orthotopic bladder substitution, the S-shaped and the U-shaped neobladder, with respect to leakage, functional capacity and quality of life. Between 1999 and 2007, 45 male patients with urinary bladder cancer were treated with cystectomy and orthotopic bladder substitution; 23 with the ...
Peters Kenneth M - - 2010
Chronic pudendal nerve stimulation (CPNS) is a logical alternative particularly in those who fail sacral stimulation. We evaluated symptoms, complications, and satisfaction after CPNS. We retrospectively reviewed patients having a tined lead placed at the pudendal nerve via the ischial-rectal approach. Demographics, history, complications, and pre-implant voiding diary data were ...
Baishya Ramen - - 2010
Chikungunya is a viral infection often associated with lower urinary tract dysfunction. This study evaluates the urological squeal of Chikungunya fever in a single centre after an epidemic in 2006-2007 in India. Retrospective analysis of medical records of 13 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms after Chikungunya fever was evaluated ...
Snodgrass Warren - - 2010
PURPOSE: We compared continence results of the bladder neck sling vs the Leadbetter-Mitchell bladder neck procedure plus fascial sling in children with neurogenic urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared consecutive patients who received a 360-degree tight bladder neck sling to subsequent, similar patients who underwent a Leadbetter-Mitchell bladder neck ...
Bolduc Stéphane - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect of solifenacin for urinary incontinence in children with overactive/neurogenic bladder refractory to oxybutynin or tolterodine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pediatric patients presenting with refractory overactive bladder with incontinence were offered the opportunity to enter a prospective, open label protocol using adjusted dose regimens of 1.25 to ...
Coelho Rafael F - - 2011
Posterior reconstruction (PR) of the rhabdosphincter has been previously described during retropubic radical prostatectomy, and shorter times to return of urinary continence were reported using this technical modification. This technique has also been applied during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP); however, contradictory results have been reported. We describe here a modified ...
Erickson Bradley A - - 2010
The ability of uroflowmetry to diagnose recurrent stricture disease after urethroplasty has not been fully investigated. Our routine post-urethroplasty monitoring includes retrograde urethrogram and voiding cystourethrogram at 3 and 12 months, in addition to uroflowmetry at 3-month intervals for a year. All uroflowmetry data, including maximum flow rate, voided volume ...
Pulvino James Q - - 2010
PURPOSE: We compared 2 techniques used to assess adequate postoperative bladder emptying. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, randomized, crossover study of 2 voiding trial techniques. 1) For back fill the bladder is filled with 300 cc saline before the Foley catheter is removed. 2) For auto fill the ...
Singh Vishwajeet - - 2011
To document the management of tuberculous cicatrized urinary bladder by incorporating bowel segment and the long-term follow-up after the reconstructive surgery. Twenty-three patients (out of 28) were managed by augmentation cystoplasty (AC) and 5 by orthotopic neobladder (OTN) reconstruction. Sigmoidocystoplasty was performed in 11 cases, ileocystoplasty in 10 patients and ...
Johansson Rose-Marie - - 2010
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the presence of urinary retention in older patients with hip fracture and to describe what actions nurses performed to detect, prevent and treat urinary retention. BACKGROUND: The incidence of urinary retention in patients with hip fracture is described as ...
Oztemür Zekeriya - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of early surgical decompression of acute spinal cord injury through the evaluation of urinary bladder function in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done with 21 New Zealand male rabbits which were 9 to 12 months in age, ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2011
To investigate the efficacy of therapeutic methods for recurrent epididymitis and neurovascular sparing vas clipping in refractory cases. Fifteen boys with recurrent epididymitis were enrolled: the first group (9) with primary structural anomalies and the second group (6) with voiding dysfunction without structural anomalies. Median age was 4 (29 months ...
Yamamoto T - - 2011
It is usually difficult to distinguish between idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and parkinsonian-type multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) in the early stage. However, it is important to make a careful early-stage diagnosis. Therefore, we determined whether an examination of pelvic organ dysfunction would be helpful to distinguish between PD and MSA-P. ...
Sircili Maria Helena Palma - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the results of masculinizing genitoplasty in a large cohort of patients with disorders of sex development treated at a single public tertiary center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 52 patients with 46,XY and 7 with 46,XX disorders of sex development with proximal hypospadias and genital ambiguity reared ...
Diot Quentin - - 2011
To assess daily variations in delivered doses in postprostatectomy patients, using kilovoltage cone-beam CT (CBCT) datasets acquired before and after interventions to correct for observed distortions in volume/shape of rectum and bladder. Seventeen consecutive patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy to the prostate bed were studied. For patients with large anatomical ...
Andersson Marie - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate whether urinary flow improves with time after tubularized incised plate (TIP) repair. Between 1999 and 2003, primary TIP was performed in 126 boys. In patients old enough (48 boys, mean age at surgery 46 months, range 18-103), uroflowmetry was performed 1 ...
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