Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1303
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Borer Joseph G - - 2005
PURPOSE: We assessed bladder growth and dynamics following complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy (CPRE) compared to the staged approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 16 boys and 7 girls who underwent CPRE within 3 days of life from 1996 to 2004 and compared them to the ...
Kalemli M - - 2005
This study was performed to evaluate lower urinary tract functions in asymptomatic patients by urodynamic measurements after total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Twenty asymptomatic patients who had undergone hysterectomy for benign diseases were included in the study and urodynamic measurements were performed before and 6 weeks after total abdominal ...
Ottem Derek P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of cystoscopy with hydrodistension for the diagnosis and therapy of interstitial cystitis. Cystoscopy with hydrodistension is the most commonly performed diagnostic test and procedure in patients with interstitial cystitis. METHODS: Eighty-four consecutive patients with interstitial cystitis (68 women and 16 men) were studied retrospectively. The ...
Fleisch Markus C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: With the present study we wanted to evaluate the effect of a radical resection of bowel and bladder endometriosis with respect to relief of pain symptoms and long-term effects. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospectively we analyzed 23 patients undergoing bowel or bladder resection for infiltrating endometriosis between 1995 and 2004. Chart ...
Naik R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential benefits of ISC (intermittent self-catheterisation) over SPC (supra-pubic catheterisation) in the post-operative bladder care of women following radical hysterectomy. METHODS: A prospective randomised controlled trial of women treated by radical hysterectomy for early stage cervical cancer. RESULTS.: 40 women were recruited to the study, 21 ...
Abdel-Latif Mohamed - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess prospectively the incidence with time of asymptomatic bacteriuria in patients with orthotopic ileal neobladders, and the possible effect on neobladder function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 47 patients (mean age 52.7 years, sd 8.7, range 31-68) with uncomplicated orthotopic ileal neobladders were prospectively evaluated. With no antibiotic ...
Deliveliotis C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the type of urinary diversion during radical cystectomy in high-risk elderly patients by comparing a modified cutaneous ureterostomy with the ileal conduit urinary diversion. METHODS: Of 481 patients who underwent radical cystectomy between 1993 and 2002, 54 individuals older than 75 years ...
Liu Yiyan - - 2005
Timing of diuretic administration is not universally standardized in renography. Over the past year, our practice has changed from F-15 administration of furosemide to an F + 0 protocol. Therefore, we have retrospectively compared these 2 cohorts to assess if the shorter interval between diuretic administration and study completion in ...
Suri Amit - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of endoscopic bladder neck incision (BNI) for functional bladder neck obstruction. Functional and/or mechanical obstruction of the bladder neck in men causes lower urinary tract symptoms. Although alpha-blockers are the initial treatment, they often fail to alleviate the symptoms. METHODS: The records of 45 ...
Bogdanos John - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Large bladder diverticulae, i.e. with a diameter measuring at least one-third of the bladder diameter on voiding cystourethrography, constitute an unusual but serious cause of obstructive uropathy in childhood. Their operative management entails meticulous reconstruction of the lower urinary tract. We report our experience with the management and long-term ...
Saito Motoaki - - 2005
AIM: There is increasing evidence that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective for the treatment of nocturia. In this study, we attempted to investigate the role of loxoprofen sodium (loxoprofen) in the therapeutic management of patients with nocturia. METHODS: Fifteen benign protastatic hyperplasia and/or overactive bladder patients (13 males and 2 ...
Saltzstein Leslie - - 2005
Antimuscarinic agents, effective in relieving symptoms of overactive bladder, are associated with anticholinergic-mediated adverse events, particularly at high dosages. The outcome of a difficult-to-treat patient requiring high doses of anticholinergic therapy who was successfully treated with transdermal oxybutynin after failing oral therapies is reported.
El-Mowafi Hani - - 2005
We studied the acetabular coverage in bladder exstrophy patients and normal control children. The study included 13 patients with bladder exstrophy, who were divided according to their ages into group I below 5 years, group II between 5 and 10 years, and group III above 10 years of age. Four ...
O'Connor R C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term success of suprapubic bladder neck closure in patients with irreparably damaged bladder outlets. METHODS: A cohort of 35 patients with intractable urinary incontinence secondary to severe posterior urethral/bladder neck damage underwent suprapubic bladder neck closure. Patients were assessed with regard to the success of procedure, ...
Silveri M - - 2006
PURPOSE: As proposed in this report, early urological rehabilitative management of patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) is mandatory, in order to prevent a poorly compliant bladder with related upper urinary tract complications and secondary renal failure. Moreover, the approach to treating this traumatic condition in children must be as ...
Schulte-Baukloh Heinrich - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of botulinum toxin type A bladder injections in the treatment of overactive bladder syndrome in the absence of detrusor overactivity. METHODS: The subjects were 7 women (average age 61.1 years, range 51 to 79) who presented with overactive bladder symptoms. Their disorder had been refractory ...
Nabi G - - 2005
PURPOSE: In this systematic review we determined whether the outcome of orthotopic bladder replacement is superior to that of continent and incontinent urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library from January 1990 to January 2003. A total of 3,370 abstracts were reviewed, ...
Androulakakis Philippos A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether myogenic bladder decompensation in patients treated for congenital posterior urethral valves (PUV, the most serious cause of infravesical obstruction in male neonates and infants) may be secondary to bladder neck obstruction, as despite prompt ablation of PUV these patients can have dysfunctional voiding during later childhood ...
Choo Myung-Soo - - 2005
PURPOSE: We measured changes in overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms after the discontinuation of successful 3-month treatment with an antimuscarinic agent and the pretreatment factors that contributed to re-treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 68 women who reported improvement in OAB symptoms after 4 weeks of treatment with 20 mg ...
Haab Francois - - 2005
Darifenacin is a novel muscarinic M(3) selective receptor antagonist developed for the once-daily treatment of overactive bladder, a chronic, debilitating and highly prevalent condition affecting adults of all ages. Preclinical research has confirmed the pharmacological profile of darifenacin as a potent antimuscarinic agent with up to 59-fold higher affinity for ...
Rink Richard C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the urological outcome of the surgical correction of persistent cloaca, which is technically demanding and may require many procedures in an effort to preserve renal function and provide urinary continence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review from 1971 to 2003 identified 23 patients with cloacal malformations ...
Clark Peter E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The authors report their experience with radical cystectomy for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder comparing clinical outcomes, including complication rates, among older patients versus younger patients in a high-volume center specializing in the treatment of patients with advanced carcinoma of the urinary bladder. METHODS: A retrospective review ...
Bosma R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The current review evaluates the safety and efficacy of desmopressin in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who suffer from both daytime and nocturnal voiding frequency and from incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was carried out looking for studies published between 1990 and 2003 which evaluated desmopressin in ...
Tanaka Toshiaki - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term functional outcome and late complications of Studer's ileal neobladder. METHODS: The study included 57 patients who underwent radical cystectomy and bladder reconstruction with Studer's ileal neobladder, and were followed-up for at least 3 months after surgery. The voiding and ...
Mugiya Soichi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In Japan, bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG: Tokyo 172 strain) instillation is generally performed at a dose of 80 mg once weekly for eight consecutive weeks; however, many adverse effects including severe ones have been reported. We employed a dose of 40 mg once a week for six consecutive weeks in ...
Naghizadeh Sohrab - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to evaluate the effect of desmopressin treatment on urine output, density and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with posterior urethral valve (PUV) and the factors affecting the response to this treatment. METHODS: A total of 68 PUV patients who were followed-up after valve ablation ...
Moinzadeh Alireza - - 2005
PURPOSE: We detail the technique of completely intracorporeal laparoscopic radical cystectomy in the female patient, which has previously not been well described in the literature. Additionally, perioperative and short-term oncological outcome data are presented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 2000, 11 female patients underwent laparoscopic radical cystectomy for bladder carcinoma. Data ...
Zebic Nikola - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the morbidity and mortality of radical cystectomy in a group of unselected patients aged > or = 75 years who were treated with curative and palliative intent. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 53 patients aged 75-90 years (median 78.8 years) who had radical cystectomies between May ...
Vastyan A M - - 2005
The aim of this paper was to review the authors' experience with cutaneous vesicostomy (CV) over the last 15 years including indications, results, and complications of CV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 31 patients treated by CV between 1987 and 2002 were reviewed. There were 20 boys and 11 ...
Takei Mineo - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the long-term safety, tolerability and efficacy of extended-release (ER) tolterodine in Japanese patients completing 12-week treatment in a randomized, double-blind trial comparing tolterodine ER 4 mg once daily, oxybutynin 3 mg three times daily or placebo in patients with overactive bladder. METHODS: Of 293 Japanese patients completing ...
Stein Raimund - - 2005
After the failure of conservative treatment of neurogenic bladders, urinary diversion has to be considered. For patients with chronic renal failure, severe dilated upper urinary tracts with deterioration of the renal function and those who are not able to perform a self-catheterization, the colonic conduit diversion is our therapy of ...
Stein Raimund - - 2005
After failure of conservative treatment of neurogenic bladders (deterioration of the upper urinary tract/incontinence) continent cutaneous diversion has to be considered in those patients with irreparable urethral sphincter defects or those who are unable to perform trans-urethral self-catheterization. In this second part of the study we investigated the long-term safety ...
Stein Raimund - - 2005
After the failure of conservative treatment of neurogenic bladders (deterioration of the upper urinary tract/incontinence), bladder augmentation/bladder substitution and supravesical urinary diversion have to be considered. In our concept, bladder augmentation is indicated for hyperreflexive and small low compliance bladders with normal upper urinary tracts. In cases with combined sphincteric ...
Yeung C K - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report on a novel technique of endoscopic intravesical ureteral mobilization and cross-trigonal ureteral reimplantation under carbon dioxide insufflation of the bladder (pneumovesicum) for correcting primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in infants and children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten boys and six girls with dilating primary VUR (7 bilateral; 23 refluxing ...
Meldrum Kirstan K - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Failure of initial and subsequent bladder closures has significant implications for patients with bladder exstrophy. We evaluated the association between outcomes of repeat bladder closure among patients who failed initial closure, and the credentials and training of the operating surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a bladder exstrophy database, we ...
Bakhtiari Jalal - - 2005
Another group of authors from Iran attempted experimentally to determine the required time for the appropriate enzymatic treatment of the ideal segment to complete de-epithelialization, thus reducing its absorptive function. They found that 25 min of enzymatic treatment of the ideal segment was adequate for this, and that it was ...
Tatli┼čen Atila - - 2005
PURPOSE: We evaluated the results of direct nipple ureteroneocystostomy technique in adults with primary obstructed megaureter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with a mean age of 32.5 years had a total of 6 primary obstructed megaureters with complaints of flank pain. Two patients were female and 3 were male. In ...
Yang J-M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dynamic morphological changes in the anterior vaginal wall in primary urodynamic stress incontinence before and after laparoscopic Burch colposuspension and to explore the related effects on urethral and voiding functions. METHODS: Ultrasound cystourethrography and urodynamic study were performed in 112 patients with primary urodynamic stress incontinence before ...
Sakai Iori - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objectives of the present study were to investigate whether buttressing sutures, which prevent the bladder neck from pulling open as the bladder fills, can promote earlier recovery from urinary incontinence after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) and to identify possible risk factors associated with urinary incontinence after RRP. METHODS: ...
Osman Yasser - - 2005
PURPOSE: Open surgical repair has been the standard treatment for intraperitoneal bladder rupture. We sought to explore the possibility of nonoperative treatment of isolated intraperitoneal bladder rupture in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight children (4 girls and 4 boys) with a mean age of 6.3 +/- 4.6 years (range 1 ...
Caione Paolo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the role of correct anatomical reconfiguration of the anterior perineal musculature in exstrophy-epispadias (E-E) patients. To stress the use of a bipolar stimulator to detect the perineal muscular complex intraoperatively, and to increase the functional results of reconstruction in E-E patients. METHODS: A total of 22 patients ...
Lodde Michele - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bladder preservation strategy in invasive bladder cancer particularly relapse, progression and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2000 to May 2004 a total of 24 patients (mean age of 81 years; range 68-92) with muscle invasive bladder cancer who had refused or were not eligible for ...
Peng Chung-Hsin - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To report our preliminary experience with transurethral incision of the bladder neck in the treatment of female voiding dysfunction due to bladder neck obstruction. Bladder neck obstruction in women is an infrequently diagnosed urologic condition. METHODS: Bladder neck obstruction was diagnosed in 11 women 41 to 80 years of ...
Elkelini Mohamed - - 2005
The application of sacral nerve modulation and stimulation has gained wide acceptance asa tool to enhance the control of voiding. The simplicity of the technique has made the therapy appealing for refractory cases of voiding dysfunction. The percutaneous screening test is mandatory for the success of the therapy. Long-term follow-ups ...
Yucel Selcuk - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical efficacy of tolterodine prescribed to children with non-neurogenic daytime urinary incontinence secondary to overactive bladder who had previously failed to improve with oral oxybutynin treatment and its relation to the side-effect profile and compliance status. METHODS: We evaluated 92 children presenting with daytime wetting, with ...
Hajebrahimi S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of intradetrusor botulinum-A toxin (BTA) (BOTOX) injections in adult patients with detrusor overactivity who failed to respond to anticholinergic medications or developed intolerable side-effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients (average age 41 years, range 19-76 years) with neurogenic bladder and detrusor overactivity who ...
Senanayake Hemantha - - 2005
AIM: To determine the feasibility and safety of carrying out elective lower-segment cesarean section without urethral catheterization. METHODS: A prospective comparative study was carried out at a private hospital in Colombo, Sri Lanka. A pilot study involving 50 women was carried out to measure the volume of urine obtained at ...
Kneist W - - 2005
PURPOSE: This prospective study was designed to clarify whether the results of the intraoperative stimulation of parasympathetic pelvic nerves performed in 31 patients after mesorectal excision for rectal carcinoma allowed predictions in terms of the postoperative bladder function of the patients. METHODS: After monopolar stimulation of the splanchnic pelvic nerves ...
Huang Jian - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) with orthotopic ileal neobladder is now applied to treat invasive bladder cancer, however, it has not been well codified and illustrated. We describe in this paper a technique step by step that we have developed in 33 patients and achieved excellent results. METHODS: The ...
Kuo Hann-Chorng - - 2005
PURPOSE: Treatment of interstitial cystitis is usually not successful in eradicating bladder pain and increased bladder capacity. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of suburothelial injection of botulinum A toxin in patients with chronic interstitial cystitis. METHODS: Eight women and 2 men with chronic interstitial cystitis who ...
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