Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2931
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Pack Quinn R - - 2013
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended for all patients following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), yet little is known about the long term mortality effects of CR in this population. We performed a community-based analysis on residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota who underwent CABG between 1996 and 2007. We assessed the ...
Neethling William M L WM Fremantle Heart Institute, Fremantle Hospital, School of Surgery, University of Western Australia, Fremantle, Western - - 2013
This study evaluated the safety, efficacy and clinical performance of the tissue-engineered ADAPT® bovine pericardial patch (ABPP) in paediatric patients with a range of congenital cardiac anomalies. In this single-centre, prospective, non-randomized clinical study, paediatric patients underwent surgery for insertion of the ABPP. Primary efficacy measures included early (<30 day) ...
Dores Hélder - - 2013
Despite improvements in treatment, mortality associated with cardiogenic shock (CS) following acute myocardial infarction remains high. To compare two groups of patients admitted with CS over a 10-year time span. We performed a retrospective analysis of two patient populations presenting with CS admitted in the periods May 1998-May 2001 (group ...
Sandroni Claudio - - 2013
To systematically review the accuracy of early (≤7 days) predictors of poor outcome, defined as death or vegetative state (Cerebral Performance Categories [CPC] 4-5) or death, vegetative state or severe disability (CPC 3-5), in comatose adult survivors from cardiac arrest (CA) treated using therapeutic hypothermia (TH). Electronic databases were searched ...
Gansera Brigitte - - 2013
Background The Mosaic bioprosthesis (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States), a stented porcine aortic valve, combines glutaraldehyde fixation with zero-pressure, root-pressure techniques and antimineralization treatment with amino-oleic acid for improved hemodynamics and tissue durability. The first device has been implanted worldwide at author's institution in September 1993. The aim of ...
Krajíčková Dagmar - - 2013
Background: Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis is a major cause of stroke and yet there are currently no proven effective treatments for it. The SAMMPRIS trial, comparing aggressive medical management alone with aggressive medical management combined with intracranial angioplasty and stenting, was prematurely halted when an unexpectedly high rate of periprocedural events ...
Kato Yasuyuki - - 2013
Controversy exists regarding the optimal operative method or type of prosthesis for patients with a small aortic root. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the early and mid-term outcomes of standard aortic valve replacement (AVR) using 16 mm or 18 mm ATS Advanced Performance (AP) or 17 ...
Evans Charles F - - 2013
There is clear evidence that mitral valve (MV) repair is superior to replacement for MV infective endocarditis (IE). Leaflet perforation is a common pathologic finding in MV IE, and leaflet patch repair with glutaraldehyde-treated autologous or bovine pericardium is the currently accepted method of MV repair. In the present study, ...
Svensson Lars G - - 2013
There are a variety of modified elephant-trunk methods, including use of endovascular stents. Our objectives were to classify these modifications, compare outcomes between the classic anastomotic site and these alternatives, and investigate time to second-stage elephant-trunk completion. From May 1992 to January 2011, 526 patients underwent a first-stage elephant-trunk procedure ...
Sandroni Claudio - - 2013
to systematically review the accuracy of early (≤7 days) predictors of poor outcome defined as death or vegetative state (Cerebral Performance Categories [CPC] 4-5) or death, vegetative state or severe disability (CPC 3-5) in comatose survivors from cardiac arrest not treated using therapeutic hypothermia (TH). PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane ...
Nagele Peter P Division of Clinical and Translational Research, Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
Perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) is a serious complication after noncardiac surgery. We hypothesized that preoperative cardiac troponin T detected with a novel high-sensitivity (hs-cTnT) assay will identify patients at risk for acute MI and long-term mortality after major noncardiac surgery. This was a prospective cohort study within the VINO trial ...
Lancaster Robert T - - 2013
Prior studies indicated improved early mortality and paraplegia rates in a small cohort of patients with type I-III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAs) treated with atriofemoral bypass (AFB) and motor-evoked potentials (MEVPs) when compared with a propensity-matched cohort of patients treated with the clamp and sew (CS) method, wherein epidural cooling ...
Park Tai Hwan - - 2013
Despite substantial differences in clinical features between Asian and Western stroke patients, there are no published prognostic tools validated in an Asiatic population for thrombolytic therapy. We assessed the ability of the iScore to predict the clinical response after intravenous thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in a Korean stroke ...
Abroug Fekri - - 2013
Recommendations of systemic steroids in COPD exacerbation rely on trials that excluded patients requiring ventilatory support.in an open-label, randomised evaluation of oral prednisone administration, 217 patients with acute COPD exacerbation requiring ventilatory support were randomised (with stratification on the type of ventilation) to usual care (n=106), or to receive a ...
Marui Akira A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2013
High serum creatinine is considered an independent risk factor for poor outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the impact of occult renal impairment (ORI), defined as an impaired glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with a normal serum creatinine (SCr) level, remains unclear. Thus, we sought to investigate the impact ...
Easterlin Molly Crimmins - - 2013
Patients at risk of mortality after amputation have not been well identified. We sought to devise a clinical index predicting 30-day mortality after amputation that would allow stratification of intensity of postoperative care. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database (2005-2009) was analyzed for patients who had above- or ...
Yacoub Rabi - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after cardiovascular surgery. The use of renin angiotensin system (RAS) blockers preoperatively is controversial due to conflicting results of their effect on the incidence of postoperative AKI and mortality. Meta-analysis of prospective or retrospective observational studies (1950 to January 2013) using MEDLINE, ...
Desai Milind Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We report the predictors of long-term outcomes of symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients undergoing surgical relief of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 699 consecutive HCM patients with severe symptomatic LVOT obstruction (47±11 years, 63% male) intractable to maximal medical therapy, that were referred ...
Connolly Stuart J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: During follow up of between 1 and 3 years in the RE-LY trial, two doses of dabigatran etexilate were shown to be effective and safe for prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). There is a need for longer term follow up of patients ...
Tomoi Yusuke - - 2013
To investigate the efficacy of statin treatment after endovascular therapy (EVT) for isolated below-the-knee (BTK) lesions in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). From March 2004 to June 2011, 812 patients (984 limbs, 69.0 % male, 71.6 ± 10.0 years old) with CLI underwent successful EVT for de novo isolated BTK lesions at 11 ...
Liu Lin - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and the indication for percardiac device closure of subaortic ventricular septal defects (VSDs) under guidance of transesophageal echocardiography. METHODS: A total of 62 patients with VSDs immediately below the aortic valve underwent percardiac device closure without cardiopulmonary bypass. RESULTS: There were no deaths. Of 62 ...
Kufner Sebastian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus remain at higher risk for adverse events following percutaneous coronary intervention and the identification of the optimum drug eluting stents (DES) in these patients is of high clinical relevance. We compared effectiveness of everolimus-eluting stents (EES; Xience) versus sirolimus-eluting stents (SES; Cypher) in patients with ...
Kramer Daniel B DB Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Little is known about the clinical features, procedural risks, or survival of patients receiving replacement versus new implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Entries in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) ICD Registry from 2005 through 2010 were eligible for inclusion (n=463,978). Baseline demographic data, clinical information, and procedural variables were compared between ...
Inaba Yoshitaka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: TSU-68 is an antitumour drug that acts by inhibiting angiogenesis. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of TSU-68 in combination with transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) in patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label phase II study, we randomised patients with HCC who had been ...
Inns T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is significantly associated with subsequent all-cause mortality. Although a number of studies have investigated mortality associated with CDI, few have compared all-cause mortality between ribotypes. AIM: We aimed to estimate all-cause mortality following CDI and to investigate the relationship between mortality, ribotype and other available ...
Ozcan Ali Vefa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess mid-term outcomes of reduction aortoplasty and wrapping technique which is an alternative method to replacement of the aorta in ascending aortic aneurysms. We aimed to show the efficacy of this technique especially when used for patients with increased perioperative mortality or ...
Aung Nay - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of baseline and temporal changes in red cell distribution width (RDW) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). DESIGN: Single-centre retrospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary cardiac centre. PATIENTS: 175 patients undergoing TAVI were included in this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Survival. RESULTS: We ...
Sherazi Saadia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)-delivered shocks can cause substantial distress, warranting consideration of ICD deactivation at end of life. This study was designed to describe the patterns of end-of-life management in patients with ICDs. METHODS: There was a retrospective chart review of 98 patients who died in the ICD arm ...
Anandam Anil - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term cardiovascular mortality in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treated with either continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or mandibular advancing device (MAD). METHODS: A non-concurrent cohort study of 570 subjects with severe OSA (apnea hypopnea index ...
Yamamoto Erika - - 2013
Despite improving success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions, the clinical benefit of recanalization of CTO is still a matter of debate. Of 13,087 patients who underwent PCI in the CREDO-Kyoto registry cohort-2, 1,524 patients received PCI for CTO (CTO-PCI). Clinical outcomes were compared ...
Perel P - - 2013
Severe bleeding accounts for about one-third of in-hospital trauma deaths. Patients with a high baseline risk of death have the most to gain from the use of life-saving treatments. An accurate and user-friendly prognostic model to predict mortality in bleeding trauma patients could assist doctors and paramedics in pre-hospital triage ...
Machado Michel Ferreira - - 2013
Stroke represents the second common cause of death in adults. Objective It was to evaluate the incidence and causes of mortality after 30 days in a group of patients with an atherothrombotic ischemic stroke who were followed-up for a period of up to two years. Methods We analyzed retrospectively the ...
Efthimiadis Georgios K - - 2013
Background: The prevalence, clinical characteristics and natural history of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and midventricular obstruction (MVO) have not been adequately studied. Methods and Results: A single-center cohort consisting of 423 patients (mean age, 49.3±17.2 years; 66.2% male) was thoroughly followed up for a median of 84 months (7 years; range, ...
Green Philip - - 2013
Functional capacity as assessed by 6-minute walk test distance (6MWTD) has been shown to predict outcomes in selected cohorts with cardiovascular disease. To evaluate the association between 6MWTD and outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) among participants in the Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER valve (PARTNER) trial, TAVI recipients (n = 484) ...
Phillips Dennis P - - 2013
EXPANDED ABSTRACT: CITATION: Myburgh JA, Finfer S, Bellomo R, Billot L, Cass A, Gattas D, Glass P, Lipman J, Liu B, McArthur C, McGuinness S, Rajbhandari D, Taylor CB, Webb SA; CHEST Investigators; Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group: Hydroxyethyl starch or saline for fluid resuscitation ...
Hansen Björn M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have focused on short term mortality after primary intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) whereas long term prognosis and causes of death have been less studied. We therefore examined these issues in a population based cohort of 1 year ICH survivors. METHODS: ICH patients in a defined Swedish population (1.14 ...
Scali Salvatore T ST Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Fla. Electronic address: - - 2013
Open surgical revascularization for subclavian artery occlusive disease (OD) has largely been supplanted by endovascular treatment despite the excellent long-term patency of bypass. The indications for carotid-subclavian bypass (C-SBP) and subclavian transposition (ST) have been recently expanded with the widespread application of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), primarily to augment ...
Wach Michael M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Early intervention is desirable in patients presenting with stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) referable to carotid artery stenosis because of the high incidence of recurrent ischemic events within 48 h post-ictus. However, the optimal timing of performing carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) in these patients remains unclear amid ...
Cartella Stefania - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: We retrospectively compared disease activity, treatment, clinical and laboratory features, and rate of mortality of 535 SLE patients with adult and late disease onset. Methods: patients were divided into two groups based on the onset of the disease before or after 50 years of age. Clinical data were ...
Angeloni Emiliano - - 2013
AIMS: Primary prevention studies have confirmed that high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are strongly associated with reduced cardiovascular events. However, recent evidence suggests that HDL-C functionality may be impaired under certain conditions. In the present study, we hypothesize that HDL-C may lose their protective role in the secondary prevention of ...
Nishida Koji - - 2013
The impact of lesion calcium on long-term outcomes after drug-eluting stent implantation has not been adequately addressed. In 10,595 patients (16,803 lesions) who were exclusively treated with sirolimus-eluting stents in the j-Cypher registry, 5-year outcomes were compared between patients with ≥1 lesion with moderate or severe calcification (the calcium group) ...
Sezai Akira - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the efficacy of human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP, carperitide) for high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial of 367 high-risk patients (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation above 6) undergoing CABG. The primary endpoint was major adverse ...
Huang Chiang-Ching - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Individuals with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have a nearly two-fold increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality compared to those without PAD. This pilot study determined whether metabolomic profiling can accurately identify patients with PAD who are at increased risk of near-term mortality. METHOD: We completed a case-control ...
Di Iorio Biagio B UOC di Nefrologia, PO "A Landolfi," Solofra (AV), Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Whether the use of sevelamer rather than a calcium-containing phosphate binder improves cardiovascular (CV) survival in patients receiving dialysis remains to be elucidated. Open-label randomized controlled trial with parallel groups. 466 incident hemodialysis patients recruited from 18 centers in Italy. Study participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 fashion to ...
Chan Kevin E - - 2013
Enoxaparin, a low-molecular-weight form of heparin, is not approved for use in dialysis patients in the United States, because it is eliminated through the kidneys and could therefore accumulate and cause inadvertent bleeding. Accordingly, it is unknown if enoxaparin is as safe to prescribe as subcutaneous heparin for thromboprophylaxis in ...
Saratzis Athanasios - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Renal function may be associated with poor outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), but this relationship has not been adequately investigated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality after EVAR. METHODS: Prospective ...
Kotani Jun-Ichi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the impact of off-label use of drug-eluting stent (DES) on 5-year outcomes. BACKGROUND: Studies on the outcomes of on- vs off-label use of DES have been limited by the duration of observation. METHODS: We analyzed 1937 patients from a multicenter registry that includes 95% of patients with ...
Greene Tom - - 2013
Statistical analysis of longitudinal outcomes is often complicated by the absence of observable values in patients who die prior to their scheduled measurement. In such cases, the longitudinal data are said to be "truncated by death" to emphasize that the longitudinal measurements are not simply missing, but are undefined after ...
Kawarazaki Hiroo - - 2013
This study aimed to identify factors that may predict early kidney recovery (less than 48 hours) or early death (within 48 hours) after initiating continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in acute kidney injury (AKI) patients. This is a multicenter retrospective observational study of 14 Japanese Intensive care units (ICUs) in ...
Jensen Morten K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The infarction induced by alcohol septal ablation (ASA) may predispose to arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death (SCD). OBJECTIVE: To assess survival, incidence of SCD after ASA and effects of ASA on the traditional risk factors (RFs) for SCD. DESIGN: An observational cohort-study (follow-up 8.4±4 years). SETTING: A dual-centre cohort. ...
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