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Results 401 - 450 of 2760
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Castel María Ángeles - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Elevated heart rate (HR) is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcome in the general population and in patients with cardiovascular disease. Elevated HR due to graft denervation is often found in heart transplantation (HTx) patients; the effect on graft survival and vasculopathy is unclear. Thus, the aim of this study ...
Farber Alik A Section of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Although dextran has been theorized to diminish the risk of stroke associated with carotid endarterectomy (CEA), variation exists in its use. We evaluated outcomes of dextran use in patients undergoing CEA to clarify its utility. We studied all primary CEAs performed by 89 surgeons within the Vascular Study Group of ...
Sá Michel Pompeu B O - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is associated with increased mortality. Even after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), IMR reduces survival. Several studies have shown increased perioperative mortality for mitral valve replacement (MVR) in this situation, but the subject remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of MVR on immediate outcomes ...
Wang Ru-Xing - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of initial pacing at a faster rate after atrioventricular node (AVN) ablation, with a gradual rate decrease over 3 months, on the rate of sudden death in patients with atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND: Sudden death may occur after radiofrequency catheter ablation of the AVN and permanent ...
Kayser Cristiane - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Peripheral microangiopathy is a hallmark of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and can be early detected by nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC). This study aimed to examine whether more severe peripheral microangiopathy at NFC are predictive factor for death in SSc patients. METHODS: 135 SSc patients who performed NFC between June 2001 and ...
Kessous Roy - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate whether a short interdelivery interval from cesarean section (CS) to a subsequent delivery is associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, and specifically uterine rupture. Study design: A retrospective study was conducted, comparing all patients who delivered following CS during the years 1988-2010. Time interval was defined as ...
Boorjian Stephen A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Radical cystectomy (RC) continues to be associated with a non-negligible risk of perioperative death, while all-cause mortality (ACM) in the years after surgery remains relatively high as well. We investigated the comparative ability of various comorbidity indices to predict perioperative and 5-year ACM following RC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We ...
Løgstrup Brian Bridal - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve replacement is the recommended therapy for patients with severe aortic stenosis who have symptoms or decreased left ventricular (LV) function. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a treatment alternative in surgically high-risk or inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis. The objective of this study was to analyze ...
Baraki Hassina H Department of Cardio-Thoracic, Transplantation and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. - - 2013
Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation is required in 3-8% of all patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR). Our aim was to evaluate long-term PPM dependency and recovery of atrioventricular (AV) conduction disorders during follow-up in these patients. Since January 1997, a total of 2106 consecutive patients underwent isolated AVR at our ...
Spiegelstein Dan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The results of mitral valve (MV) repair for anterior leaflet pathology (ALP) are considered less favorable than those for posterior leaflet pathology (PLP). We compared clinical and echocardiography outcomes of PLP repair with ALP and/or bileaflet pathology (BLP) repair. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2011, 407 patients underwent MV repair ...
Schwann Thomas A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine if mitral valve repair (MVRR) or bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement (BMVR) without postoperative anticoagulation is associated with a similar risk of thromboembolism and death as anticoagulation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our 2004-09 experience in 249 MVRR and bioprosthetic replacement patients (53% female; 63 year ...
Pollock Bruce E - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The best management of patients with unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVM) is controversial. In this study, we analyzed the stroke rate and functional outcomes of patients having stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for unruptured BAVM using the same eligibility criteria and primary end points as the ARUBA trial. METHODS: ...
Power Albert - - 2013
Background: Renal impairment is a potent risk factor for stroke, which remains a leading cause of death and disability. Thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke has transformed patient outcomes, although the safety and efficacy of this approach remain poorly characterized in patients with renal dysfunction, who manifest a higher risk of ...
Dawe E Jc - - 2013
The Sernbo score uses four factors (age, social situation, mobility and mental state) to divide patients into a high-risk and a low-risk group. This study sought to assess the use of the Sernbo score in predicting mortality after an intracapsular hip fracture. A total of 259 patients with displaced intracapsular ...
Kotani Jun-Ichi - - 2013
Objective To investigate the risks and benefits of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT: thienopyridine plus aspirin) following placement of drug-eluting stents (DES). The optimal duration of DAPT is not well established. Methods We analyzed a prospective registry of 2,050 patients with sirolimus-eluting stents during a 5-year follow-up. We divided 1,691 ...
Bernardo Wanderley Marques - - 2013
To elucidate the benefits of using probiotics in the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and its complications in preterm newborns. This was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials, which included studies retrieved from three databases (MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS), using a combination of the terms (necrotizing enterocolitis) AND (probiotics). ...
Zwoliński Radosław - - 2013
In Poland, mortality and morbidity rates due to ischaemic heart disease (IHD) remain high and concern the whole population. An interesting issue is rapid development of IHD in some younger subjects and uncertain treatment outcomes in this patient subset. Premature cessation of professional activity, along with worsening of quality of ...
Wubshet Mamo - - 2013
Antiretroviral treatment programs in sub-Saharan African countries are highly affected by LTF. Tracking patients lost to follow-up and understanding their status is essential to maintain program quality and to develop targeted interventions to prevent LTF. We aimed to determine the outcome and factors associated with LTF. A lost to follow-up ...
Feng Sheng - - 2013
Background: Epidemiological studies have shown that hyperuricemia is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis patients. Our study investigated the influence of serum uric acid (UA) levels on survival in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Methods: This was a retrospective study involving 156 subjects who ...
Liu Lei - - 2013
The impact of perioperative allogenenic blood transfusion (ABT) on clinical outcomes for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is conflicting and unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the association between ABT and HCC clinical outcomes. Outcomes evaluated were all-cause death, tumor recurrence and postoperative complications. Relevant articles were identified through ...
Diuzhikov A A - - 2013
The study was aimed at analysing the outcomes of single-centre carefully selected use of the methods of carotid stenting and endarterectomy in patients with atherosclerotic lesions of the cervical segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in the immediate and remote postoperative periods. We retsospectively analysed the data regarding a ...
Shammas Nicolas W - - 2013
We evaluate differences in outcomes in younger (<65 years) and older (≥65 years) patients for target lesion failure (TLF) at 2-year follow-up in an unselected consecutive series of patients treated with the everolimus- (EES) and paclitaxel-eluting (PES) stents at a tertiary medical center. 348 consecutive patients (younger 150; older 198) ...
Mohey Hesham - - 2013
We established earlier the absolute renal risk (ARR) of dialysis/death (D/D) in primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN) which permitted accurate prospective prediction of final prognosis. This ARR was based on the potential presence at initial diagnosis of three major, independent, and equipotent risk factors such as hypertension, quantitative proteinuria ≥ 1 g per ...
Kim Sung-Hwan - - 2013
Although apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been considered to be more benign than asymmetric HCM, few studies have directly compared their clinical features. We compared the electrocardiographic data and longterm outcomes between patients with apical HCM versus asymmetric HCM. This retrospective study enrolled 796 patients (243 apical HCM and 553 ...
Wilson Robert F - - 2013
Normally, end-tidal CO(2) is within 2 mm Hg of arterial PO(2) (PaCO(2)). However, if dead space in the lungs increases owing to shock with poor lung perfusion, the arterial-end tidal PCO(2) difference [P(a-ET)CO(2)] increases. We have found that in severely injured patients, P(a-ET)CO(2) of less than 10 mm Hg is ...
Grube Maike Miriam - - 2013
Early medical complications are potentially modifiable factors influencing in-hospital outcome. We investigated the influence of acute complications on mortality and poor outcome 3 months after ischemic stroke. Data were obtained from patients admitted to one of 13 stroke units of the Berlin Stroke Registry (BSR) who participated in a 3-months-follow ...
Kunishige Hideyuki - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors affecting the high mortality rates associated with the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). In this retrospective study, the subjects consisted of 105 patients who underwent repair of ruptured AAA at our institution from December 1984 to March ...
Kakaei Farzad - - 2013
Introduction. Operative blood loss is still a great obstacle to liver resection, and various topical hemostatic agents were introduced to reduce it. The aim of the current study is to evaluate effects of 3 different types of these agents. Methods. In this randomized clinical trial, 45 patients undergoing liver resection ...
Ciećwierz Dariusz - - 2013
The long-term benefit of percutaneous recanalisation of chronic total occlusion (CTO) is still unclear. Given advances in interventional cardiology over the last two decades, we sought to investigate whether a successful percutaneous coronary intervention for CTO (PCI-CTO) improves outcomes in an age- and gender-matched single-centre cohort of stable angina patients. ...
Zheng Shuai - - 2013
Ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation has been become an adjunct to pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). This study describes the long-term results of minimally invasive surgical PVI, ablation of GPs, and exclusion of the left atrial appendage for atrial fibrillation (AF). Long-term follow-up of 55 months was performed in 139 consecutive patients ...
Kaneko Hidehiro - - 2013
The mortality and morbidity of patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Japan differ from those in Western countries, although Japanese data are limited. We selected from the Shinken Database a single-hospital-based cohort of Japanese patients (n = 15,227) who visited The Cardiovascular Institute between ...
Otwombe Kennedy N - - 2013
We hypothesize that time to initiate care and maturity of a treatment program impact on outcome of severely immuno-compromised patients with higher risk of mortality. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis at the Perinatal HIV Research Unit Adult ART clinic, Soweto, South Africa. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR THIS ANALYSIS WERE: attendance ...
Messori Andrea A HTA Unit, Estav Centro Toscana, Regional Health Service, Firenze and Prato, - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implants (TAVIs) is indicated as an alternative to surgical valve replacement for patients unfit for surgery. No systematic review has studied survival after 2 years and limited information is available on between-study heterogeneity. A systematic review and meta-analysis on intermediate survival after TAVI. PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and ...
Jørgensen Christoffer C CC Section for Surgical Pathophysiology, The Juliane Marie Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, - - 2013
International guidelines recommend thrombosis prophylaxis after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for up to 35 days. However, previous studies often have hospital stays (length of stay; LOS) of 8-12 days and not considering early mobilisation, which may reduce incidence of venous thromboembolic events (VTE). We investigated ...
Tomycz Luke L Department of Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2013
In light of recent controversy about the safety and efficacy of intracranial stenting, we sought to evaluate our experience with primary balloon angioplasty for symptomatic, high-grade intracranial stenosis. All intracranial angioplasty cases performed at Vanderbilt University Medical Center from 2006 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed for degree of stenosis pre- ...
Senanayake Sudul Mananjala SM University Medical Unit, Colombo North Teaching Hospital, Ragama, Sri - - 2013
Inflammatory bowel disease, especially ulcerative colitis, is increasing in many "non-Western" countries, including Sri Lanka. The aim was to evaluate long-term outcomes of ulcerative colitis in a Sri Lankan population. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the gastroenterology clinics of the Colombo North Teaching Hospital, Ragama and the National ...
Teme Tonye T Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, USA. - - 2013
Dronedarone is a new antiarrhythmic drug used in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigate its efficacy and tolerability in clinical practice. We identified 208 patients treated with dronedarone for AF at the Northwestern outpatient practice. Charts were reviewed for clinical efficacy and reasons for discontinuation of the drug. ...
Sahin Muslum M Kartal Kosuyolu High Speciality Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
In the developed countries, stroke is the third most common cause of death. There are many data indicating that stents reduce the risk of embolism but there are few publications assessing whether different stent designs can influence the periprocedural complications. To determine the effects of open- and closed-cell stent designs ...
Haja Mydin Helmy H Department of Respiratory Medicine, Sunderland Royal Infirmary, Sunderland, United Kingdom. - - 2013
In patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF) during exacerbations of COPD, mortality can be high despite noninvasive ventilation (NIV). For some, AHRF is terminal and NIV is inappropriate. However there is no definitive method of identifying patients who are unlikely to survive. The aim of this study was to ...
Oz Fahrettin - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that aspirin would reduce the risk for acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) in patients with pneumonia. BACKGROUNDS: Pooled data suggest that pneumonia may trigger an ACS as a result of inflammatory reactions and the prothrombotic changes in patients with pneumonia. ...
Maron Barry J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is prominently associated with risk for sudden death (SD) and disease progression, largely in young patients. Whether patients of more advanced age harbor similar risks is unresolved, often creating clinical dilemmas, particularly in decisions for primary prevention of SD with implantable defibrillators. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Shin Yong Sam - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is responsible for 9-37% of ischemic strokes. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the clinical outcome and risk factors for in-stent restenosis (ISR) after treatment of ICAS with a Wingspan stent. METHODS:: Seventy-seven patients with 79 total target ICAS > 60% (mean, 79.9 ± 8.4%; symptomatic ICAS, 96.2%) ...
Vrtovec Bojan - - 2013
Increased levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are associated with prolongation of the action potential in ventricular myocardium. We investigated the relation of a BNP increase, QT interval, and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the presence of heart failure (HF). We enrolled 398 patients with HF, New York Heart Association ...
Son Jang-Won JW Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
The Taxus Liberte stent (Boston Scientific Co.) evolved from the Taxus Express stent, with enhanced stent deliverability and uniform drug delivery. This study was designed to compare angiographic and clinical outcomes in real-world practice between the Taxus Liberte and Taxus Express stents. Between 2006 and 2008, 240 patients receiving the ...
De Rosa Salvatore - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Successful reperfusion of epicardial coronary arteries does not necessarily result in actual myocardial perfusion. Local intracoronary (IC) delivery of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) has been proposed to achieve further clinical efficacy when compared to standard intravenous (IV) administration. However clinical trials have shown conflicting results. The aim of the ...
Cortés B - - 2012
Background: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is the most common autoimmune blistering skin disease and is associated with an increased mortality. The end points of our study were to evaluate the mortality rate in a retrospective cohort of BP patients followed up to 5 years after the diagnosis and to determine prognostics ...
Zhen Jiang - - 2012
Despite the improved survival rate among systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, there are many factors associated with the mortality of SLE. In the current study, death-related factors of patients associated with course of disease were surveyed. Retrospective study was used. Mortalities among these three groups (group A, B and C, ...
Moazami Nader - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are durable and reliable, device replacement will be inevitable in some patients. We evaluated the incidence and outcomes of pump replacement procedures with the HeartMate II (Thoratec Corporation, Pleasanton, CA) LVAD. METHODS: Data were obtained from 1,128 patients implanted from March 2005 ...
Timaran Carlos H CH Dallas Veterans Administration Medical Center/University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2013
Outcomes in the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST) did not differ between carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the composite primary end point of stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), or death during the periprocedural period or ipsilateral stroke within 4 years. Rigorous credentialing and training of ...
De Felice Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on long-term safety and effectiveness of drug-eluting stents (DESs) in true chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO) settings. We evaluated 5-year clinical outcomes of patients with CTO treated successfully with DES vs bare-metal stent (BMS). METHODS: We compared the 5-year clinical outcomes of 156 patients treated with ...
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