Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2897
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Castelli Gabriele - - 2013
-Contemporary therapeutic options have led to substantial improvement in survival of heart failure (HF) patients. However, limited evidence is available specifically regarding idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). We thus examined changes in prognosis of a large IDCM cohort systematically followed over the last thirty years. -From 1977 to 2011, 603 consecutive ...
Ndrepepa Gjin G Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Technische Universität, München, - - 2013
Little is known about the impact of bleeding site on mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of access and non-access site bleeding within 30 days after percutaneous coronary intervention on mortality. This study represents a pooled patient-level analysis of 14 180 ...
Broughton Ellie - - 2013
Introduction. In recent years craniectomy has been widely used in the management of traumatic brain injury and ischaemic stroke. The objective of this study was to evaluate the indications, techniques and outcomes for patients undergoing cranioplasty over a recent 7-year period in a geographically distinct population. Materials and methods. An ...
Providência Rui - - 2013
Dabigatran etexilate, a new thrombin inhibitor, has been shown to be comparable to warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there is a limited body of evidence on the efficacy and safety of using dabigatran among patients undergoing AF catheter ablation. A random effects meta-analysis was performed of controlled ...
Bünger Carsten M - - 2013
This study analyzed the outcome of a combined endovascular and debranching procedure for hybrid aortic arch repair (HAR) in patients with complicated type B aortic dissection. Between February 2006 and August 2012, HAR was performed in 75 consecutive patients, with retrospective analysis of a subgroup of 45 patients who underwent ...
Hornung Marius - - 2013
Percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure for secondary stroke prevention is discussed controversially. Long-term data comparing different closure devices are limited. The objective is the prospective comparison of procedural complications and long-term results after PFO closure in patients with cryptogenic stroke randomized to three different closure devices. Between January 2001 ...
Stiermaier Thomas - - 2013
Objectives The long-term performance of polymer-free stent systems in patients with diabetes mellitus has not been investigated extensively. This study reports long-term results of the LIPSIA Yukon trial which compared the polymer-free sirolimus-eluting Yukon Choice stent with the polymer-based paclitaxel-eluting Taxus Liberté stent in this subpopulation. At 9 months, the ...
Payvar Saeed - - 2013
Risk stratification in patients admitted with worsening heart failure (HF) is essential for tailoring therapy and counselling. Risk models are available but rarely used, in part because many require laboratory and imaging results that are not routinely available. Body temperature is associated with prognosis in other illnesses, and we hypothesized ...
Yoo Jae Suk - - 2013
To compare the long-term echocardiographic mitral valve (MV) durability after MV repair performed through a minithoracotomy versus conventional sternotomy. A total of 299 patients who underwent MV repair for degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) through minithoracotomy (n = 179) or sternotomy (n = 120), between April 2004 and January 2010, were evaluated. To adjust the ...
Im Eui - - 2013
Long-term clinical outcomes were evaluated in long coronary artery stenosis treated with different types of drug-eluting stents. Long-term follow-up data to compare clinical outcomes between Resolute™ zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES) versus sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation for long coronary artery stenosis is insufficient. A total of 254 patients (307 lesions) treated with ...
Al-Damluji Mohammed Salim - - 2013
The aim of this study is to provide an evidence-based review of the periprocedural safety and long-term effectiveness of carotid artery stenting (CAS) compared to carotid endarterectomy (CEA), with particular attention paid to the use of embolic protection devices and patients at high risk for CEA. Electronic databases (Ovid Medline, ...
Dumont Travis M - - 2013
Technological advances have resulted in diminishing perioperative complications reported during carotid artery stenting (CAS) trials. Because trial experience lags behind technological advances, an understanding of the incidence of perioperative complications after CAS remains in flux. In this single-arm, observational study, a contemporary experience of CAS at a high-volume academic training ...
Pack Quinn R - - 2013
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended for all patients following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), yet little is known about the long term mortality effects of CR in this population. We performed a community-based analysis on residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota who underwent CABG between 1996 and 2007. We assessed the ...
Neethling William M L - - 2013
OBJECTIVESThis study evaluated the safety, efficacy and clinical performance of the tissue-engineered ADAPT® bovine pericardial patch (ABPP) in paediatric patients with a range of congenital cardiac anomalies.METHODSIn this single-centre, prospective, non-randomized clinical study, paediatric patients underwent surgery for insertion of the ABPP. Primary efficacy measures included early (<30 day) morbidity; ...
Dores Hélder - - 2013
Despite improvements in treatment, mortality associated with cardiogenic shock (CS) following acute myocardial infarction remains high. To compare two groups of patients admitted with CS over a 10-year time span. We performed a retrospective analysis of two patient populations presenting with CS admitted in the periods May 1998-May 2001 (group ...
Sandroni Claudio - - 2013
To systematically review the accuracy of early (≤7 days) predictors of poor outcome, defined as death or vegetative state (Cerebral Performance Categories [CPC] 4-5) or death, vegetative state or severe disability (CPC 3-5), in comatose adult survivors from cardiac arrest (CA) treated using therapeutic hypothermia (TH). Electronic databases were searched ...
Gansera Brigitte - - 2013
Background The Mosaic bioprosthesis (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States), a stented porcine aortic valve, combines glutaraldehyde fixation with zero-pressure, root-pressure techniques and antimineralization treatment with amino-oleic acid for improved hemodynamics and tissue durability. The first device has been implanted worldwide at author's institution in September 1993. The aim of ...
Krajíčková Dagmar - - 2013
Background: Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis is a major cause of stroke and yet there are currently no proven effective treatments for it. The SAMMPRIS trial, comparing aggressive medical management alone with aggressive medical management combined with intracranial angioplasty and stenting, was prematurely halted when an unexpectedly high rate of periprocedural events ...
Kato Yasuyuki - - 2013
Controversy exists regarding the optimal operative method or type of prosthesis for patients with a small aortic root. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the early and mid-term outcomes of standard aortic valve replacement (AVR) using 16 mm or 18 mm ATS Advanced Performance (AP) or 17 ...
Evans Charles F - - 2013
There is clear evidence that mitral valve (MV) repair is superior to replacement for MV infective endocarditis (IE). Leaflet perforation is a common pathologic finding in MV IE, and leaflet patch repair with glutaraldehyde-treated autologous or bovine pericardium is the currently accepted method of MV repair. In the present study, ...
Svensson Lars G - - 2013
There are a variety of modified elephant-trunk methods, including use of endovascular stents. Our objectives were to classify these modifications, compare outcomes between the classic anastomotic site and these alternatives, and investigate time to second-stage elephant-trunk completion. From May 1992 to January 2011, 526 patients underwent a first-stage elephant-trunk procedure ...
Sandroni Claudio - - 2013
to systematically review the accuracy of early (≤7 days) predictors of poor outcome defined as death or vegetative state (Cerebral Performance Categories [CPC] 4-5) or death, vegetative state or severe disability (CPC 3-5) in comatose survivors from cardiac arrest not treated using therapeutic hypothermia (TH). PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane ...
Nagele Peter P Division of Clinical and Translational Research, Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
Perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) is a serious complication after noncardiac surgery. We hypothesized that preoperative cardiac troponin T detected with a novel high-sensitivity (hs-cTnT) assay will identify patients at risk for acute MI and long-term mortality after major noncardiac surgery. This was a prospective cohort study within the VINO trial ...
Lancaster Robert T - - 2013
Prior studies indicated improved early mortality and paraplegia rates in a small cohort of patients with type I-III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAs) treated with atriofemoral bypass (AFB) and motor-evoked potentials (MEVPs) when compared with a propensity-matched cohort of patients treated with the clamp and sew (CS) method, wherein epidural cooling ...
Park Tai Hwan - - 2013
Despite substantial differences in clinical features between Asian and Western stroke patients, there are no published prognostic tools validated in an Asiatic population for thrombolytic therapy. We assessed the ability of the iScore to predict the clinical response after intravenous thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in a Korean stroke ...
Marui Akira - - 2013
OBJECTIVESHigh serum creatinine is considered an independent risk factor for poor outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the impact of occult renal impairment (ORI), defined as an impaired glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with a normal serum creatinine (SCr) level, remains unclear. Thus, we sought to investigate the impact ...
Abroug Fekri - - 2013
Recommendations of systemic steroids in COPD exacerbation rely on trials that excluded patients requiring ventilatory support.in an open-label, randomised evaluation of oral prednisone administration, 217 patients with acute COPD exacerbation requiring ventilatory support were randomised (with stratification on the type of ventilation) to usual care (n=106), or to receive a ...
Easterlin Molly Crimmins - - 2013
Patients at risk of mortality after amputation have not been well identified. We sought to devise a clinical index predicting 30-day mortality after amputation that would allow stratification of intensity of postoperative care. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database (2005-2009) was analyzed for patients who had above- or ...
Yacoub Rabi - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after cardiovascular surgery. The use of renin angiotensin system (RAS) blockers preoperatively is controversial due to conflicting results of their effect on the incidence of postoperative AKI and mortality. Meta-analysis of prospective or retrospective observational studies (1950 to January 2013) using MEDLINE, ...
Desai Milind Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We report the predictors of long-term outcomes of symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients undergoing surgical relief of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 699 consecutive HCM patients with severe symptomatic LVOT obstruction (47±11 years, 63% male) intractable to maximal medical therapy, that were referred ...
Connolly Stuart J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: During follow up of between 1 and 3 years in the RE-LY trial, two doses of dabigatran etexilate were shown to be effective and safe for prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). There is a need for longer term follow up of patients ...
Tomoi Yusuke - - 2013
To investigate the efficacy of statin treatment after endovascular therapy (EVT) for isolated below-the-knee (BTK) lesions in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). From March 2004 to June 2011, 812 patients (984 limbs, 69.0 % male, 71.6 ± 10.0 years old) with CLI underwent successful EVT for de novo isolated BTK lesions at 11 ...
Liu Lin - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and the indication for percardiac device closure of subaortic ventricular septal defects (VSDs) under guidance of transesophageal echocardiography. METHODS: A total of 62 patients with VSDs immediately below the aortic valve underwent percardiac device closure without cardiopulmonary bypass. RESULTS: There were no deaths. Of 62 ...
Kufner Sebastian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus remain at higher risk for adverse events following percutaneous coronary intervention and the identification of the optimum drug eluting stents (DES) in these patients is of high clinical relevance. We compared effectiveness of everolimus-eluting stents (EES; Xience) versus sirolimus-eluting stents (SES; Cypher) in patients with ...
Kramer Daniel B DB Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Little is known about the clinical features, procedural risks, or survival of patients receiving replacement versus new implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Entries in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) ICD Registry from 2005 through 2010 were eligible for inclusion (n=463,978). Baseline demographic data, clinical information, and procedural variables were compared between ...
Inaba Yoshitaka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: TSU-68 is an antitumour drug that acts by inhibiting angiogenesis. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of TSU-68 in combination with transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) in patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label phase II study, we randomised patients with HCC who had been ...
Inns T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is significantly associated with subsequent all-cause mortality. Although a number of studies have investigated mortality associated with CDI, few have compared all-cause mortality between ribotypes. AIM: We aimed to estimate all-cause mortality following CDI and to investigate the relationship between mortality, ribotype and other available ...
Ozcan Ali Vefa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess mid-term outcomes of reduction aortoplasty and wrapping technique which is an alternative method to replacement of the aorta in ascending aortic aneurysms. We aimed to show the efficacy of this technique especially when used for patients with increased perioperative mortality or ...
Aung Nay - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of baseline and temporal changes in red cell distribution width (RDW) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). DESIGN: Single-centre retrospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary cardiac centre. PATIENTS: 175 patients undergoing TAVI were included in this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Survival. RESULTS: We ...
Sherazi Saadia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)-delivered shocks can cause substantial distress, warranting consideration of ICD deactivation at end of life. This study was designed to describe the patterns of end-of-life management in patients with ICDs. METHODS: There was a retrospective chart review of 98 patients who died in the ICD arm ...
Anandam Anil - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term cardiovascular mortality in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treated with either continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or mandibular advancing device (MAD). METHODS: A non-concurrent cohort study of 570 subjects with severe OSA (apnea hypopnea index ...
Yamamoto Erika - - 2013
Despite improving success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions, the clinical benefit of recanalization of CTO is still a matter of debate. Of 13,087 patients who underwent PCI in the CREDO-Kyoto registry cohort-2, 1,524 patients received PCI for CTO (CTO-PCI). Clinical outcomes were compared ...
Perel P - - 2013
Severe bleeding accounts for about one-third of in-hospital trauma deaths. Patients with a high baseline risk of death have the most to gain from the use of life-saving treatments. An accurate and user-friendly prognostic model to predict mortality in bleeding trauma patients could assist doctors and paramedics in pre-hospital triage ...
Machado Michel Ferreira - - 2013
Stroke represents the second common cause of death in adults. Objective It was to evaluate the incidence and causes of mortality after 30 days in a group of patients with an atherothrombotic ischemic stroke who were followed-up for a period of up to two years. Methods We analyzed retrospectively the ...
Efthimiadis Georgios K - - 2013
Background: The prevalence, clinical characteristics and natural history of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and midventricular obstruction (MVO) have not been adequately studied. Methods and Results: A single-center cohort consisting of 423 patients (mean age, 49.3±17.2 years; 66.2% male) was thoroughly followed up for a median of 84 months (7 years; range, ...
Green Philip - - 2013
Functional capacity as assessed by 6-minute walk test distance (6MWTD) has been shown to predict outcomes in selected cohorts with cardiovascular disease. To evaluate the association between 6MWTD and outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) among participants in the Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER valve (PARTNER) trial, TAVI recipients (n = 484) ...
Phillips Dennis P - - 2013
EXPANDED ABSTRACT: CITATION: Myburgh JA, Finfer S, Bellomo R, Billot L, Cass A, Gattas D, Glass P, Lipman J, Liu B, McArthur C, McGuinness S, Rajbhandari D, Taylor CB, Webb SA; CHEST Investigators; Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group: Hydroxyethyl starch or saline for fluid resuscitation ...
Hansen Björn M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have focused on short term mortality after primary intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) whereas long term prognosis and causes of death have been less studied. We therefore examined these issues in a population based cohort of 1 year ICH survivors. METHODS: ICH patients in a defined Swedish population (1.14 ...
Scali Salvatore T ST Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Fla. Electronic address: - - 2013
Open surgical revascularization for subclavian artery occlusive disease (OD) has largely been supplanted by endovascular treatment despite the excellent long-term patency of bypass. The indications for carotid-subclavian bypass (C-SBP) and subclavian transposition (ST) have been recently expanded with the widespread application of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), primarily to augment ...
Wach Michael M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Early intervention is desirable in patients presenting with stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) referable to carotid artery stenosis because of the high incidence of recurrent ischemic events within 48 h post-ictus. However, the optimal timing of performing carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) in these patients remains unclear amid ...
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