Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2909
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Qi Xingshun - - 2013
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is the mainstay treatment option for the complications of portal hypertension. Whether or not variceal embolization should be performed during TIPS procedures remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the incidence of shunt dysfunction, variceal rebleeding, encephalopathy, and death between patients treated with TIPS ...
Sun Yan - - 2013
Stroke is the 4th leading cause of death and 1st leading cause of disability in Singapore. However the information on long-term post stroke outcomes for Singaporean patients was limited. This study aimed to investigate the post stroke outcomes of 5-year survival and rehospitalization due to stroke recurrence for hemorrhagic and ...
Faggioli Gianluca - - 2013
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in the early period after the onset of cerebral neurologic symptoms seems to be useful in the prevention of recurrent stroke while safety is still under debate. Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis could be associated with silent cerebral ischemic events (CIEs) detectable on cerebral computed tomographic (CT) scans, ...
Galzerano G - - 2013
Aim: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is not infrequently associated with limb loss (10-30%) or death of the affected patient (15-30%). These results can be even worse in elderly population. The aim of this study is to quantify safety and efficacy of early revascularization in over 90 years old patients with ...
Stathopoulos Ioannis - - 2013
Cardiac tamponade constitutes the most severe clinical consequence of a coronary perforation (CP) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We analyzed 23,399 PCIs and identified 73 patients complicated by CP (0.31%), of which 26 developed tamponade (0.11%). Patients were divided into two groups: CP with tamponade (group A) and CP without ...
Sauaia Filho Euler Nicolau - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of crude extract of Euphorbia tirucalli in cutaneous wound healing. A total of 20 Swiss mice were randomly divided into two groups, aveloz (GA) and control (CG), and each group was further divided into two subgroups based on the deaths scheduled for the 7th and 14th ...
Singh Amit - - 2013
Background: The objective of this study was to assess effect of number of associated anomalies on outcome in oesophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula patients. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of records of neonates admitted with a diagnosis of oesophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula during January ...
Auti Swapnil S SS Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Panchakarma, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, - - 2013
Hyperlipidemia is highly prevalent and is closely related to coronary heart disease which is the most common cause of death. Raised cholesterol is estimated to be responsible for 18% of cerebrovascular disease and 56% of ischemic heart disease. Overall, these diseases account for about 4.4 million deaths (7.9% of the ...
Gao Zhan - - 2013
Drug-eluting stents (DES) are currently the most popular treatment modality for restenosis in bare metal stents and DES. This study compares risks of adverse cardiovascular events between DES-treated in-stent restenosis (ISR) and de novo lesions, an area that has not been systematically studied thus far. One thousand three hundred consecutive ...
Hunt Linda P LP Musculoskeletal Research Unit, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2013
Death within 90 days after total hip replacement is rare but might be avoidable dependent on patient and treatment factors. We assessed whether a secular decrease in death caused by hip replacement has occurred in England and Wales and whether modifiable perioperative factors exist that could reduce deaths. We took ...
Rodseth Reitze N - - 2013
- To determine if measuring postoperative B-type natriuretic peptides (NP, i.e., B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP] and N-terminal fragment of proBNP [NT-proBNP]) enhances risk stratification, in adult patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, in whom a preoperative NP has been measured. - Preoperative NP concentrations are powerful independent predictors of perioperative cardiovascular complications, ...
Krzych Lukasz J - - 2013
This study sought to evaluate the impact of postoperative delirium with/without cerebral ischemia on short- and long-term mortality in a large cohort of cardiac surgery patients. The study constituted a prospective cohort observation of patients following various cardiac surgery procedures. The investigation was conducted in a single high-volume tertiary cardiac ...
Kunkala Meghana R - - 2013
Myocardial bridging describes systolic compression of the muscular investment of a portion of an epicardial coronary artery. We evaluated the outcome of muscular bridge unroofing of the left anterior descending artery at the time of septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We conducted a case-controlled study of 36 patients ...
Kotani Yasuhiro - - 2013
Reconstruction of anomalous left pulmonary veins (ALPV) requires an anastomosis at a nonanatomic position, posing the potential risk of pulmonary vein obstruction (PVO). The 514 patients who were diagnosed with a pulmonary vein abnormality from 1990 to 2010 were reviewed. Thirty-eight patients (7.4%; median age, 1.4 years; interquartile range, 0.1 to ...
Buysschaert Ian - - 2013
Aims: To report the three-year clinical outcome of the Axxess™ stent, a nitinol self-expanding Biolimus A9™ eluting stent for treatment of de novo coronary bifurcation lesions. The Axxess stent is a new-generation drug-eluting stent that might offer advantages in terms of improved clinical outcomes and safety profile in bifurcation lesion ...
Valente Anne Marie - - 2013
Patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure in later adolescence and adulthood represent a unique population at risk for significant morbidity and mortality. The optimal strategy for long-term management of such patients is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of patients who had undergone Fontan surgery ...
Pratesi Carlo - - 2013
To report the midterm results of elective endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in a multicenter, clinical unsponsored registry using the Gore Excluder endograft. This study is a retrospective analysis of a multicenter, prospective registry that involved nine centers in Italy. Periodic clinical and radiographic follow-up with ...
MornoĊŸ Cristian - - 2013
It has been shown a good accuracy to predict high left ventricular end-diastolic pressure for a value >1.6 of a new tissue Doppler index, E/(E' × S'), including the ratio between early diastolic transmitral and mitral annulus velocity (E/E'), and the systolic mitral annulus velocity (S'). Our aim was to evaluate the ...
Gillies M A MA Department of Critical Care, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4SA, - - 2014
Trials suggest that the use of i.v. hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions is associ-ated with increased risk of death and acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients. It is uncertain whether similar adverse effects occur in surgical patients. Systematic review and meta-analysis of trials in which patients were randomly allocated ...
Mizuno Atsushi - - 2013
Background: Although the survival rate for repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is dramatically improving, anatomical and functional residua and sequelae followed by arrhythmias and sudden death are still challenging issues to be resolved. Reoperation can reduce the incidence of arrhythmias and sudden death, but there is no consensus on the indications ...
Golpe Rafael - - 2013
To assess the value of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) to predict outcome in non-group 1 pulmonary hypertension (PH). Distance walked during 6MWT has been widely used as a prognostic test in pulmonary arterial hypertension (group 1 pulmonary hypertension); however, little is known regarding its prognostic value in other groups of ...
Hiraoka Arudo - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of advanced age on the postoperative course in open aortic arch repair using hypothermic circulatory arrest and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion. Of 158 consecutive patients who underwent open total arch repair between 2008 and 2012, we retrospectively compared outcomes between ...
Ciccone Marco Matteo - - 2013
Aims: Dolichocarotids (DCs) represent a rare (2-6%) carotid imaging finding in the general population that may be free of clinical significance or be associated with cerebrovascular events. Their detection is traditionally assigned to carotid echo-color Doppler (ECD) and selective angiography (the standard method). The primary aim of this study was ...
Kim Geena - - 2013
N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is known to be valuable as a prognostic marker for the management of heart failure. This study aimed to assess the serial changes of serum NT-proBNP levels as a prognostic factor for outcomes of pediatric dilated cardiomyopathy (DC). A retrospective study reviewed echocardiographic measurements ...
Benedetto Umberto - - 2013
Controversy still exists about the superiority of the radial artery (RA) over the saphenous vein graft (SVG) as a second conduit for surgical myocardial revascularization. We aimed to investigate the presence of any survival benefit from use of the RA and relate it to patients' age. Propensity score matching was ...
Kunkala Meghana R MR Division of Cardiovascular Surgery (M.R.K., H.V.S., Z.L.) and Division of Cardiovascular Diseases (H.C.), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX (I.V., S.A.L., J.S.C.); Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, TX (I.V., S.A.L., J.S.C.); and McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine and Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Baltimore, MD - - 2013
Cardiac manifestations of Marfan syndrome include aortic root dilation and mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Only scant data exist describing MVP in patients with Marfan syndrome undergoing aortic root replacement. We retrospectively analyzed data from 166 MFS patients with MVP who were enrolled in a prospective multicenter registry of patients who ...
Lee H Y - - 2013
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a severe cutaneous adverse drug reaction that is associated with mortality of 40%. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is widely used as specific treatment for this reaction although evidence of its benefit is conflicting. We sought to evaluate if the use of IVIg improved mortality in patients ...
Yoshida Kazunori - - 2013
To improve the clinical outcome of patients with severe functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), we compared the therapeutic efficacy of mitral annuloplasty (MAP) with that of mitral valve replacement (MVR). In a retrospective observation 63 consecutive patients underwent mitral valve surgery for severe ICM-FMR from November ...
Herrmann Sebastian - - 2013
Aortic valve stenosis (AS) in patients >75 years of age is a challenge for diagnosis and management of every day clinical routine. Therefore, this clinical follow-up study aims to investigate predictors of death in patients with advanced stages of AS. In a single-center study, all patients (n = 157) with primary conservatively ...
Patel Reshma B RB Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, - - 2013
The goal of this study was to evaluate whether protamine usage after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) increased within the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) in response to studies indicating that protamine reduces bleeding complications associated with CEA without increasing the risk of stroke. We reviewed 10,059 CEAs, excluding concomitant ...
Arthur John M - - 2013
Biomarkers for acute kidney injury (AKI) have been used to predict the progression of AKI, but a systematic comparison of the prognostic ability of each biomarker alone or in combination has not been performed. In order to assess this, we measured the concentration of 32 candidate biomarkers in the urine ...
Sarfo Fred S - - 2013
Information on the long-term effectiveness and tolerability of efavirenz- or nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Africa is lacking. The primary objective of this retrospective observational study was to compare the long-term clinical and immunological outcomes of efavirenz- versus nevirapine-based first-line ART in a large government clinic in Ghana. The main ...
Scirica Benjamin M BM TIMI Study Group, Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
The cardiovascular safety and efficacy of many current antihyperglycemic agents, including saxagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, are unclear. We randomly assigned 16,492 patients with type 2 diabetes who had a history of, or were at risk for, cardiovascular events to receive saxagliptin or placebo and followed them for ...
Singh G K - - 2013
Background: Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening dermatological emergencies. Many immunosuppressive modalities have been tried with variable results. Aims: To determine the efficacy of cyclosporine in cases of SJS and TEN and compare the efficacy with systemic corticosteroid in the same condition. Methods: Study was ...
Rahman I A - - 2013
In 2010 the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) released guidelines on venous thromboembolism. Strategy focused on risk assessment, antiembolic stockings, sequential compression devices, subcutaneous high dose enoxaparin (40mg), early mobilisation and hydration. The 40mg enoxaparin dose over the previous 20mg regimen was worrisome, and its effect on ...
Alassar Aiman A From the *Department of Cardiac Surgery, and †Department of Cardiology, St. George's Hospital, London, - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is considered the standard of care for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis unsuitable for surgery. However, short- and long-term mortality after TAVI are still relatively high. The aim of this study was to establish survival, predictive factors, and causes of mortality after TAVI at ...
Choi Jae-Woong JW Seoul National University Hospital, Jongno-gu, Seoul, - - 2013
Paravalvular leak (PVL) is a common clinical manifestation after cardiac valve replacement. The results of surgical management for mitral PVL were evaluated and compared according to the surgery employed. Between September 1995 and September 2009, a total of 52 patients (30 males, 22 females; mean age 57.2 +/- 13.0 years) ...
Tan Tze-Woei TW Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, La. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of patients after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) who developed postoperative hypertension or hypotension requiring the administration of intravenous vasoactive medication (IVMED). We examined consecutive, primary elective CEA performed by 128 surgeons within the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) database ...
Belardi Jorge A - - 2013
We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the Resolute™ zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES) in real-world clinical practice through 3 years. A randomized comparison of the R-ZES and the XIENCE V™ everolimus-eluting stent showed no difference in any outcomes through 3-year follow-up in high-volume academic centers. RESOLUTE International is a confirmatory trial ...
Alsac Jean-Marc - - 2013
Descending thoracic acute aortic syndromes (DTAASs) are life-threatening pathologies in which thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is an attractive therapeutic option. There are few data in the literature on the survival and morbidity rates of TEVAR in such indications. We provide the results of TEVAR from our single-center cohort of ...
Laskaratos Faidon-Marios - - 2013
Gastrostomy insertion is of benefit to selected patients, but 30-day mortality is as high as 54 % in some patient groups. The current study examines risk factors associated with 30-day mortality in a cohort of patients who underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or radiologically-inserted gastrostomy (RIG) in a district general hospital ...
Goy Elizabeth R - - 2013
This study aims to improve recognition of hospice eligibility for patients with Parkinson disease (PD) by ascertaining which variables have a higher probability of occurring uniquely in 6 to 12 months before death when compared to 18 to 24 months before death. Participants were 339 patients who died who were ...
Olson Daiwai M - - 2013
Object Cerebral artery vasospasm is a major cause of death and disability in patients recovering from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Although the exact cause of vasospasm is unknown, one body of research suggests that clearing blood products by CSF drainage is associated with a lower frequency and severity of vasospasm. There ...
Kim Hyungtae - - 2013
This study was undertaken to assess the early and long-term results of total repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and to identify the risk factors associated with late right ventricular (RV) dilatation. The medical records of 326 patients (male:female = 192:134) who underwent total repair of TOF at Pusan National ...
Domoto Satoru - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the effect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and to determine whether preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) can be a predictor of long-term outcomes after CABG. 486 Japanese patients who underwent isolated CABG ...
Choi Ho-Rim - - 2013
Mortality rates after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) for periprosthetic sepsis were investigated in 93 patients and compared to 93 patients, matched for age, gender, year of surgery, who underwent revision for aseptic failures. The mortality rate was 33% (31/93) in the septic group and 22% (20/93) in the aseptic ...
Hermanides Hillegonda Sophia - - 2013
Background: We estimated the impact of loss to follow-up (LTFU) on the mortality rate amongst HIV-1 infected patients in Curaçao. Methods: A total of 214 therapy-naïve HIV-1 infected patients aged 15 years or older upon entering into HIV care between January 2005 and July 2009 were included. Persons who discontinued ...
Wierzchowski Pawel P Department of General and Endocrine Surgery, University Hospital No. 1, Bydgoszcz, - - 2013
Upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding (UGIB) remains a valid issue of modern medicine. The mortality and recurrence rates remain high and have not decreased as expected over the past decades. to assess the treatment outcomes of nonvariceal UGIB depending on the timing of endoscopy (urgent vs. elective) and to perform an ...
Vinikoor Michael Jeffrey - - 2013
We evaluated the association of the number of late antiretroviral therapy (ART) refills with patient outcomes in a large public-sector human immunodeficiency virus treatment program in Lusaka, Zambia. Using pharmacy data routinely collected during 2004-2010, we calculated the number of late refills during the initial year of ART. We used ...
Bolognesi Michael P - - 2013
Simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) reportedly has higher postoperative complication rates than staged procedures, but little is known about recent trends and outcomes among Medicare patients. In a 5% national sample of Medicare beneficiaries older than 65years, we identified 83,441 patients who underwent elective TKA between 2000 and 2009 ...
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