Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2894
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Du Zheng-Gui ZG Zheng-Gui Du, Yong-Gang Wei, Ke-Fei Chen, Bo Li, Department of Liver Surgery, Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, - - 2014
To establish a reliable definition of postoperative liver failure (PLF) and allow the prediction of outcomes after hepatectomy. The clinical data of 478 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy were retrospectively analyzed. The examined prognostic factors included the ratio of total bilirubin (TBIL) on postoperative day (POD) X to TBIL on ...
Nagendran Jeevan J Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a known association between a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF < 0.35) and increased mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operations. Recent studies show that elevated preoperative LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) is an independent predictor of operative death for patients undergoing CABG. Therefore, the ...
Lee Seung-Hyun SH Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
New-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with poor short- and long-term outcomes after isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). This study evaluated whether new-onset POAF is independently associated with long-term (>1 year) atrial fibrillation (AF) and mortality. Among 1,171 consecutive patients who had undergone CABG, AF and mortality were ...
de Moraes Thyago P TP School of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do - - 2014
Introduction: Peritonitis remains the main cause of peritoneal dialysis (PD) technique failure worldwide, despite significant reductions in infection rates observed over the past decades. Several studies have described risk factors for peritonitis, technique failure and mortality. However, there are scarce data regarding predictors of complications during and after a peritonitis ...
Bwakura-Dangarembizi Mutsawashe M From the University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences, Harare (M.B.-D., K.N., T.M.); the Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit at University College London (L.K., M.J.S., D.M.G., A.S.W., A.J.P.) and Centre for Paediatrics, Blizard Institute, Queen Mary, University of London (A.J.P.), London; and the Paediatric Infectious Diseases Clinic of Baylor-Uganda, Mulago Hospital (S.B.-K., A.K., P.K.), and Joint Clinical Research Center (R.K., V.M.), Kampala, and the Medical Research Council and Uganda Virus Research Institute, Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe (P.N.-N., J.L., P.M.) - all in - - 2014
Co-trimoxazole (fixed-dose trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) prophylaxis administered before antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces morbidity in children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We investigated whether children and adolescents receiving long-term ART in sub-Saharan Africa could discontinue co-trimoxazole. We conducted a randomized, noninferiority trial of stopping versus continuing daily open-label co-trimoxazole in children ...
Hawkins Alexander T AT Center for Surgery and Public Health, Boston, MA; Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) often undergo revascularization before amputation. The exact relationship between multiple procedures and increased risk of amputation is unclear. We sought to determine the increased risk of amputation for each additional revascularization. The 2007-2009 California State Inpatient Database (SID) was used to identify a cohort ...
Carter A A Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, UK. - - 2014
We report a fatality due to massive gastrointestinal haemorrhage in a patient receiving prophylactic dabigatran etexilate following a total hip replacement. A 79-year-old woman was commenced on dabigatran for venous thromboembolic prophylaxis following a total hip replacement. She presented again four days after surgery with haematemesis and hypotension but her ...
Lin Tsung-Hsien TH Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan ; Faculty of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Matrix metalloproteinases play a role in regulating cardiac remodeling. We previously reported an association between tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP-2) expression and mitral valve (MV) disease. However, the determinants and prognostic value of mitral TIMP2 after MV surgery are unknown. This retrospective study of 164 patients after MV surgery ...
Ajeganova Sofia S Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, - - 2014
To examine the long-term effects of early low-dose prednisolone use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Retrieval of data from a 2-year open randomised trial comparing prednisolone 7.5 mg/day in addition to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) with DMARD therapy alone. Participants were followed for ...
Yaffee David W - - 2014
Optimal repair of the mitral valve involves the implantation of an annuloplasty device to geometrically reshape and/or stabilize the annulus and improve long-term durability. It has been reported previously that trigone-to-trigone semi-rigid posterior band (PB) annuloplasty is associated with excellent short-term outcomes, physiologic motion of the anterior mitral annulus and ...
Naidoo Rishendran - - 2014
Aortic root replacement is a complex procedure, though subsequent modifications of the original Bentall procedure have made surgery more reproducible. The study aim was to examine the outcomes of a modified Bentall procedure, using the Medtronic Open PivotTM valved conduit. Whilst short-term data on the conduit and long-term data on ...
Rocha Sofia S 0000-0002-0108-4416 Department of Neurology, Hospital de Braga, Sete Fontes, São Victor, 4710-243 Braga, Portugal ; Movement Disorders and Functional Surgery Unit, Centro Hospitalar São João, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, - - 2014
Background. Few data have been published regarding long-term mortality in patients with Parkinson's disease treated with DBS. Methods. This study analyzed long-term mortality rates, causes, and correlates in PD patients treated with DBS. Results. 184 consecutive patients were included; mean follow-up was 50 months. Fifteen deaths occurred (total 8.15%, annual ...
Hu Lianghao L 1] Department of Gastroenterology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China [2] Digestive Endoscopy Center, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the performance and long-term outcomes of therapeutic ERCP in very old patients. Patients aged or over 90 (Group A, n = 78) and consecutive sex-matched controls (Group B, n = 312) under 65 selected were compared. More patients in Group A had chronic concomitant diseases, ...
Vanelli Maurizio M Dean, School of Medicine, University of Parma. - - 2014
Il consiglio della Società di Medicina e Scienze naturali si è riunito nella nuova sede della Società presso la Presidenza della Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia il 24 febbraio 2014 alle ore 11:30...
Nascimento Bruno Ramos BR Serviço de Cardiologia e Cirurgia Cardiovascular, Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Professor Alfredo Balena 110, Campus Saúde, 30130-100 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil ; Serviço de Hemodinâmca do Hospital Universitário São José (INCOR Minas), Rua Aimorés 2896, Barro Preto, 30140-073 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil ; Departamento de Clínica Médica da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Professor Alfredo Balena 190, Campus Saúde, 30130-100 Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
Objectives. Assess the impact of associating thrombolytics, anticoagulants, antiplatelets, and primary angioplasty (PA) on death, reinfarction (AMI), and major bleeding (MB) in STEMI therapy. Methods. Medline search was performed to identify randomized trials comparing these classes in STEMI treatment, at least 500 patients, providing death, AMI, and MB rates. Similar ...
Leonard Charles E CE Center for Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America; Center for Pharmacoepidemiology Research and Training, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
The effectiveness of the clinical strategy of empiric potassium supplementation in reducing the frequency of adverse clinical outcomes in patients receiving loop diuretics is unknown. We sought to examine the association between empiric potassium supplementation and 1) all-cause death and 2) outpatient-originating sudden cardiac death (SD) and ventricular arrhythmia (VA) ...
Swaminathan Aparna A Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Peripheral artery disease affects over eight million Americans and is associated with an increased risk of mortality, cardiovascular disease, functional limitation, and limb loss. In its most severe form, critical limb ischemia, patients are often treated with lower extremity (LE) amputation (LEA), although the overall incidence of LEA is declining. ...
Berdal Jan-Erik JE Department of Infectious Diseases, Akershus University Hospital, Nordbyhagen, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to review the epidemiology and prognosis of candidemia in a secondary hospital, and to examine the intra-hospital distribution of candidemia patients. Study design is a retrospective cohort study. Trough 2002-2012, 110 cases of candidemia were diagnosed, giving an incidence of 2, 6/100000 citizens/year. Overall ...
Tan Xingrong X Department of Endocrinology, 9th People's Hospital of Chongqing, Chongqing, - - 2013
Stroke is often accompanied by hyperglycemia, and this has an important impact on prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between early hyperglycemia and the outcome of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH). A systematic literature search on PubMed, embase, Cochran, WANFANG DATA,VIP and CNKI databases was conducted ...
Anderson Heather N HN Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn, - - 2013
Valve repair for pediatric patients with Ebstein anomaly has historically yielded varied results. The cone reconstruction (CR) first described by Da Silva has revolutionized the surgical approach to these patients. This study reports our recent experience with CR in children and young adults with Ebstein anomaly. Electronic medical records were ...
Christensen T D TD Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery & Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, 8200, Aarhus N, - - 2013
It is with great interest we have read the paper by Eikelboom et al. recently published in The New England Journal of Medicine [1]. In this study, dabigatran was compared to warfarin in mechanical heart valve patients. Dabigatran was found to be inferior to warfarin, both in terms of major bleeding ...
Vaniyapong Tanat T Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand, - - 2013
Carotid endarterectomy may significantly reduce the risk of stroke in people with recently symptomatic, severe carotid artery stenosis. However, there are significant perioperative risks that may be reduced by performing the operation under local rather than general anaesthetic. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 1996, ...
Harskamp Ralf E RE Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina; Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
While extracardiac vascular disease (ECVD), defined as a history of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) or cerebrovascular disease (CBVD), is common in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, there are limited data available on the association between ECVD, vein graft failure (VGF), and clinical outcomes. Using data from the ...
Viegas L D LD Department of Neurosciences (Neurology), Hospital de Santa Maria, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, - - 2013
Background: The use of thrombolytics is frequently considered in patients with cerebral venous and dural sinus thrombosis (CVT) who deteriorate despite anticoagulant therapy. Purpose: To collect all the published information about the use of systemic thrombolysis in CVT in order to assess its efficacy and safety. Methods: We performed a ...
Sobrinho Gonçalo G Department of Vascular Surgery, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2013
To report a series of stenting procedures for the treatment of malignant superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. A review conducted from October 2005 to July 2013 retrieved 56 consecutive patients treated for symptomatic malignant SVC syndrome with stenting. SVC stenting was attempted in 56 patients (46 males, 10 females), aged ...
Inan Bekir B Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Bezmi Alem University, Istanbul, - - 2013
Lower limb ischemia may cause nonhealing ulcers, infection, amputation and even mortality in diabetic patients. In this study, we review our data of ischemic lower limb revascularization procedures in diabetic patients and present the early, mid- and long-term results. From March 2004 to September 2008, 83 patients with lower limb ...
Aktas Mehmet K MK University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: - - 2013
There is no data regarding the effect of weight loss on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of weight loss on clinical outcomes in patients implanted with a cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D). The risk of heart failure (HF) ...
Ueda Tomoya T First Department of Internal Medicine, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522 - - 2013
Despite marked improvements in treatment strategies for heart failure (HF), the mortality rate of elderly patients with HF is still high. Detailed causes of death have not been fully understood. We studied 459 consecutive patients with acute decompensated HF (ADHF) emergently admitted to our hospital from 2007 to 2011. Patients ...
Frigerio Maria M "A. De Gasperis" Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, Niguarda-Ca'Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Reverse remodeling and increased LVEF after CRT correlate with survival and heart failure hospitalizations, but their relationship with the risk of SCD is unclear. We aimed to evaluate whether exceeding a threshold value of 35% for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 1year after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) predicts survival and ...
Moses Peter L PL Peter L Moses, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, United - - 2013
To compare efficacy and complications of partially covered self-expandable metal stent (pcSEMS) to plastic stent (PS) in patients treated for malignant, infrahilar biliary obstruction. Multicenter prospective randomized clinical trial with treatment allocation to a pcWallstent(®) (SEMS) or a 10 French PS. Palliative patients aged ≥ 18, for infrahilar malignant biliary ...
Rodriguez Alfredo E AE Centro de Estudios en Cardiología Intervencionista, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Department of Cardiology, Sanatorio Otamendi y Miroli, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Department of Cardiology, Sanatorio Las Lomas, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare 5-year cost-effectiveness and clinical outcomes of patients with oral rapamycin (OR) plus bare-metal stent versus the drug-eluting stent (DES) strategy. During 2006 to 2007, a total of 200 patients were randomized to OR (n = 100) and DES (n = 100). Primary end point ...
AkbaĊŸ Türkay T Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, - - 2013
The goal of this study was to identify inflammatory and infectious markers and their roles in mortality. We enrolled 111 patients on haemodialysis (HD) and collected data at three time points (baseline, 33 and 76 months). Rates of Chlamydophila pneumoniae IgG, CRP ≥3 mg/l, ESR >50 mm/hour and fibrinogen >4 g/l were, respectively, ...
Farahani Mansour M Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Short-term mortality rates among patients with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa are higher than those recorded in high-income countries, but systematic long-term comparisons have not been made because of the scarcity of available data. We analysed the effect of the implementation of Botswana's national ART programme, known ...
Celiento Michele M Section of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital, Pisa, - - 2013
To evaluate the long-term results of aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve replacement (MVR) with the Sorin Bicarbon prosthesis (SBP). Five hundred seven patients (306 men, 201 women), mean age 62 ± 10 years (range, 21-86 years), received an SBP between 1994 and 2000; AVR was performed in 344 ...
Gerdisch Marc W MW Cardiac Surgery Associates, Franciscan St Francis Heart Center, Indianapolis, Ind. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine the clinical utility of an acellular bioscaffold as a structural material for mitral valve repair (MVr). This was a retrospective study of patients undergoing partial or subtotal leaflet replacement and/or leaflet extension to treat mitral regurgitation or acute endocarditis and/or reconstruction of atrial-ventricular continuity after annular decalcification. The ...
Filippatos Gerasimos - - 2013
Serelaxin is effective in relieving dyspnoea and improving multiple outcomes in acute heart failure (AHF). Many AHF patients have preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Given the lack of evidence-based therapies in this population, we evaluated the effects of serelaxin according to EF in RELAX-AHF trial. RELAX-AHF randomized 1161 AHF patients to ...
Ma Zeng-Shan - - 2013
To summarize the clinical outcomes of totally thoracoscopic closure of a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Totally thoracoscopic VSD closure was performed in 119 patients (66 boys; mean age, 7.1 ± 3.6 years). An additional 35 patients undergoing open-chest VSD closure were selected as a control group. Using 3 port incisions in ...
Nouta Klaas-Auke - - 2013
The aim of this study was to develop a more accurate method to deal with patients lost to follow-up based on the competing risks approach. A cohort of 112 patients who received 143 primary cemented total knee arthroplasties forms the basis for this study. Follow-up was up to 25 years. The ...
Lin C S - - 2013
Postoperative adverse outcomes in patients with liver cirrhosis are not completely understood. This study evaluated the association between liver cirrhosis and adverse outcomes after non-hepatic surgery. Reimbursement claims were used to identify patients with preoperative liver cirrhosis who underwent non-hepatic surgery from 2004 to 2007. Control patients without cirrhosis were ...
D'Ascenzo F - - 2013
Aim: Many randomized trials have compared coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in terms of efficacy, but data comparing outcomes of patients in which these two techniques have failed are lacking. Methods: We included patients undergoing PCI at our center between July 2002 and December 2004. ...
Georgiadis George S - - 2013
Purpose : To report a case controlled analysis of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) outcomes using the crossed-limb (CxL) endovascular configuration vs. the straight-limb configuration (SLC). Methods : From January 2007 to July 2012, 27 patients (25 men; mean age 73.7±7.2 years, range 53-82) were treated by EVAR with the CxL ...
Khan Amir A Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Research Center - Minneapolis, MN, - - 2013
Intracranial angioplasty and stent placement has been increasingly evaluated as a new method for treatment of symptomatic intracranial stenosis in select patients. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved intracranial stent treatment of symptomatic atherosclerotic intracranial lesions. To determine the cost-effectiveness of intracranial artery stent placement compared with contemporary ...
Carrafiello Gianpaolo G Department of Radiology, University of Insubria, Varese, - - 2013
To evaluate the mid-term safety and effectiveness of a novel stent graft for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Thirty-three patients with AAA (20 males and 13 females; mean age: 71.3 y) were treated with the Ovation™ Abdominal Stent Graft System (TriVascular, Inc., Santa Rosa, CA, USA). Indications for endovascular ...
Santos Orlando José Dos - - 2013
The use of plants in the prevention and treatment of disease is age-old practice. The aveloz (Euphorbia tirucalli) is a plant native of Africa and has been associated with antimicrobial, antiulcers, anticarcinogenic, antiviral, healing, anti-helminthic, antisiphilitic effects. To analyze the effect of the crude extract of Euphorbia tirucalli L. in ...
Kalyan J P JP Department of Surgery, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, - - 2013
Excessive intravenous fluid prescription may play a causal role in postoperative complications following major gastrointestinal resectional surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether fluid and salt restriction would decrease postoperative complications compared with a more modern controlled liberal regimen. In this observer-blinded single-site randomized clinical trial consecutive ...
Serebruany V L - - 2013
The recently published, largest trial with cangrelor, the Cangrelor versus Standard Therapy to Achieve Optimal Management of Platelet Inhibition (CHAMPION)-PHOENIX, suggested that the experimental agent significantly reduced the rate of stent thrombosis (ST) and myocardial infarction (MI) during PCI at 48 hours (h) and 30 days. However, the declared impressive ...
Muleledhu Andrew L - - 2013
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among postoperative patients. Its incidence has been reported to range between 16% and 38% among general surgery patients and may be as high as 60% among orthopaedic patients. The most important clinical outcome of DVT is pulmonary embolism, ...
Giamarellos-Bourboulis Evangelos J - - 2013
A previous randomized study showed that clarithromycin decreases the risk of death due to ventilator-associated pneumonia and shortens the time until infection resolution. The efficacy of clarithromycin was tested in a larger population with sepsis. Six hundred patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome due to acute pyelonephritis, acute intra-abdominal infections ...
Yoon Yong-Hoon - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents on long-term clinical events according to the newly proposed Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) classification. Background: Current evidence about the impact of the BARC classification is limited. Methods: Out ...
Wu Z - - 2013
Aim: Aim of the study was to compare our early and mid-term results using EndoFit and TAArget thoracic stent-grafts in thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 169 consecutive TEVAR cases (69.1±8.9 years) performed using the EndoFit or TAArget thoracic stent-grafts from December 2005 to January 2011 in ...
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