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Lee Hsin-Fu HF Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Dilated inferior vena cava (IVC) is prevalent among patients with heart failure (HF), but whether its presence predicts worsening renal function (WRF) or adverse outcomes is unclear. This cohort study analyzed patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <40 % and repeated hospitalizations (≥2 times) for HF between August 2009 and August ...
Christersson Christina C Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
D-dimer is related to adverse outcome in arterial and venous thromboembolic diseases. To evaluate the predictive value of D-dimer for stroke, other cardiovascular event and bleedings, in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with oral anticoagulation with apixaban or warfarin; and to evaluate the relationship between the D-dimer levels at ...
Ohno Yohei Y Department of Cardiology, Ferrarotto Hospital, University of Catania, Via Citelli 29, Catania 95124, Italy Department of Cardiology, University of Tokai School of Medicine, Isehara, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of baseline tricuspid regurgitation (TR) on the outcomes after percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) with the MitraClip system. Data from 146 consecutive patients with functional mitral regurgitation (MR) were obtained. Two different groups, dichotomized according to the degree of pre-procedural ...
Calloway James J JJ Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim was to investigate the association between continuing angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) with postinduction hypotension and vasoactive drug use in elderly orthopedic surgery patients under regional anesthesia. Retrospective design consisted of 114 patients (mean age 66) undergoing elective total knee arthroplasty, including 84 patients ...
Hwang Ho Young HY Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Previous studies have compared the outcomes of mitral annuloplasty with those of mitral valve replacement in patients with functional mitral regurgitation. However, data comparing the results of tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP) with those of tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) in patients with functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) have been scarce. We evaluated whether ...
Paradisi Andrea A Health Services Research Unit, IDI-IRCCS, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a severe and potentially lethal drug reaction for which no standard treatment is available. To describe a case series of patients with TEN treated with a single dose of etanercept. We observed 10 consecutive patients with TEN. For each patient, we recorded the presence of ...
Chang Chia-Hsuin CH Institute of Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Carotid angioplasty and stent (CAS) placement has emerged as an attractive revascularization strategy for patients with internal carotid artery stenosis. However, the effectiveness and safety of CAS were not fully evaluated, mainly because of methodological difficulties in finding an appropriate comparison group. Patients who underwent CAS were identified from Taiwan's ...
Gotzmann Michael M BG-Kliniken Bergmannsheil, Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is little known about the long-term results of the CoreValve prosthesis. The aim of this study was to assess the 3-year clinical and hemodynamic outcomes of the CoreValve prosthesis. One hundred fifty consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis successfully underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the CoreValve prosthesis. ...
Pedersen W R WR Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation at Abbott Northwestern Hospital Minneapolis, MN, USA - - - 2014
Balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) has reemerged with transcatheter valve therapy. Cylindrical balloons have been the device of choice despite limitations. An hour glass shaped balloon may permit enhanced fixation and broader leaflet opening without annular compromise. We report our initial BAV experience using the V8 balloon (InterValve Inc.) in 20 ...
Miura Takashi T 1 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, - - 2014
Purpose : To examine the prognosis of patients with intermittent claudication who received treatment with endovascular techniques. Methods : A retrospective multicenter study was performed involving 2930 consecutive patients (2307 men; mean age 71.5±8.9 years) with intermittent claudication who underwent an endovascular procedure for a de novo iliofemoral artery lesion. ...
Greason Kevin L KL Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) trial reported a reduced rate of mortality in patients with previous coronary bypass grafting (CABG) operation who received surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in comparison with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We sought to further evaluate these groups. We reviewed the database of ...
Shi Guocheng G Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Heart Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Management of complete atrioventricular (AV) septal defect (CAVSD) with a large ventricular component (>1 cm) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of the one-and-a-half patch technique in repairing this lesion. This was a retrospective review of patients undergoing surgical repair of CAVSD with a ...
Hong Tsai-Hsia - - 2014
Sepsis causes high mortality, and the mortality due to secondary infections is even higher. No studies to date have investigated the time from the primary infection to death due to a secondary infection; similarly, the factors that are significantly different in sepsis survivors relative to non-survivors or in severe sepsis ...
Lee Sarah J - - 2014
Surviving Sepsis guidelines recommend early aggressive fluid resuscitation within six hours of sepsis onset time. Though rapid fluid administration may offer benefit, studies on the timing of resuscitation are lacking. There is an association between quicker, adequate fluid resuscitation and patient outcome from sepsis onset time. This is a retrospective ...
Findlay J M JM Oxford OesophagoGastric Centre, The Joint Research Office, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, - - 2014
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways aim to accelerate functional return and discharge from hospital. They have proven effective in many forms of surgery, most notably colorectal. However, experience in esophagectomy has been limited. A recent study reported significant reductions in pulmonary complications, mortality, and length of stay following the ...
Tsivgoulis G G Second Department of Neurology, 'Attikon' Hospital, University of Athens, School of Medicine, Athens, Greece; Department of Neurology, Democritus University of Thrace, School of Medicine, Alexandroupolis, Greece; International Clinical Research Center, St Anne's University Hospital in Brno, Brno, Czech - - 2014
Although the latest recommendations suggest that carotid endarterectomy (CEA) should be performed in symptomatic carotid artery stenosis (sCAS) patients within 2 weeks of the index event, only a minority of patients undergo surgery within the recommended time-frame. The aim of this international multicenter study was to prospectively evaluate the safety of ...
Xun Yun-Hao YH Department of Liver Diseases, Xixi Hospital of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) fibrosis score (NFS) has emerged as a useful predictor for a long-term outcome in NAFLD patients. We evaluated the predictive performance of NFS for overall mortality in a Chinese population with NAFLD. All ultrasonography-diagnosed NAFLD patients at our center between 1996 and 2011 were retrospectively ...
Ndrepepa Gjin G Deutsches Herzzentrum, Lazarettstrasse 36, 80636, Munich, Germany, - - 2014
The association between bleeding and timing of mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains poorly investigated. We aimed to investigate the impact of bleeding on early (30-day) and late (30-day to 1 year) mortality after PCI. The study includes 14,180 patients. Bleeding within 30 days after PCI was defined using the Bleeding ...
Grubitzsch Herko H Klinik für Kardiovaskuläre Chirurgie. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined the outcomes of surgery for active prosthetic valve endocarditis in a recent decade, with special interest in preoperative treatment and predictors for early and late events. From 2000 to 2010, a cohort of 149 consecutive patients (mean age, 64 ± 13.9 years; 72% were male) underwent redo-surgery ...
Patel Manesh R MR Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC, USA - - 2014
To determine the effect of ticagrelor compared to clopidogrel in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). PLATO (n = 18,624) was a multicentre, double-blind, randomized trial in ACS, that showed a 16% reduction in cardiovascular death (CV-death), myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke with ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel, ...
Kim Su Ah - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To develop an ultrasonographic severity scoring of non-immune hydrops in order to predict perinatal outcomes in women with non-immune hydrops. Methods: The study population consisted of pregnant women who were admitted and delivered with the diagnosis of fetal non-immune hydrops and singleton gestation. Cases were divided into "perinatal ...
Al-Shaar Laila L Vascular Medicine Program, American University of Beirut, Beirut, - - 2014
The association of new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and late death after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been confounded by the frequent concomitant serious complications that co-occur with POAF. We aimed to define the magnitude and time dependence of the effect of isolated POAF on late survival after uncomplicated ...
Canena Jorge J Department of Gastroenterology, Santo António dos Capuchos Hospital do Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Central, Nova Medical School-Faculty of Medical Sciences, Alameda Santo António dos Capuchos, 1169-050, Lisbon, Portugal, - - 2014
Self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) can be used for palliation of combined malignant biliary and duodenal obstructions. However, the results of the concomitant stent placement for the duration of the patients' lives, as well as the need for and efficacy of endoscopic revision, are unclear. This study evaluated the clinical effectiveness ...
Ioannou C V CV Vascular Surgery Unit, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital ofHeraklion, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, Greece - - - 2014
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) manifested as claudication is surprisingly stable regarding limb deterioration but may indicate increased risk for cardiovascular events and death. We examined whether focal atherosclerotic iliac lesions (TransAtlantic InterSociety Consensus for The Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease-TASC II Type A,B) undergoing endovascular procedures indicate a high risk ...
Dracup Kathleen K University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
Patients with heart failure (HF) who live in rural areas have less access to cardiac services than patients in urban areas. We conducted a randomized clinical trial to determine the impact of an educational intervention on the composite endpoint of HF rehospitalization and cardiac death in this population. Patients (N=602, ...
Aitken Emma L EL Department of Renal Surgery, Western Infirmary, Glasgow - - - 2014
Early cannulation arteriovenous grafts (ecAVGs), such as the GORE. We present our early experience of 37 patients treated with the GORE. A total of 11 upper limb, 24 lower limb and 2 complex graft procedures were performed. Indications for ecAVG were as follows: bridge to transplantation (21.6%); bridge to arteriovenous ...
Di Mauro Michele M Department of Adult Cardiac Surgery, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Left ventricular surgical remodelling (LVSR) can be targeted to volume reduction (VR), (independently of the final shape) or to conical shape (CS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical and echocardiographic results of these two surgical strategies. From January 1988 to December 2012, 401 patients underwent ...
Luijten Linda W G LW Department of Paediatrics (Cardiology), Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
The surgical approach to repair of tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) has shifted over the years. We aimed to report the long-term follow-up after ToF repair with the transatrial-transpulmonary approach and to determine predictors of long-term outcomes. Retrospective analysis of patients operated on in two tertiary referral centres. Primary outcome measures ...
Ndrepepa Gjin G aDeutsches Herzzentrum, München b1.Medizinische Klinik rechts der Isar, Technische Universität cDZHK (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with the increased risk of mortality among patients with bleeding complications during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The study included 1510 patients with periprocedural bleeding complications of the 14 180 patients undergoing PCI. Bleeding was defined and scaled according to the ...
Almquist M M Department of Surgery, Skane University Hospital, Lund, Sweden, - - 2014
Hypoparathyroidism is a common complication with thyroid surgery. The ability to predict a high risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism is important for individual prognosis and follow-up. Permanent hypoparathyroidism, defined as continuing need for vitamin D medication at 1-year post-operatively, was investigated in patients after total thyroidectomy. Blood levels of calcium and ...
Short Timothy G TG From the *Department of Anaesthesia, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand; †Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; ‡Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong, China; §Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth; ‖School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia; ¶Department of Anaesthesia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia; #Department of Statistics, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; **Department of Anaesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne; and ††Anaesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Deep general anesthesia has been associated with increased mortality in 5 observational studies. The association may be causal or an epiphenomenon due to increased anesthetic sensitivity in high-risk patients. We conducted a pilot study to assess the feasibility of performing a definitive randomized controlled trial. The aims of the study ...
Dayama Anand A From the Departments of Surgery (A.D., B.B., R.L., J.G.R.) and Epidemiology (P.P.), Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Ability to perform basic daily activity represented by functional status (FNS) before surgery can be assessed in the clinic for determining health status of the patient. We sought to study the effect of FNS on postoperative outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in a national data set. National Surgical Quality Improvement ...
Ansar Afia A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, - - 2014
Objective: To determine the outcome of interval (delayed) hysterectomy as compared to cesarean (immediate) hysterectomy in cases of placental invasion in previous cesarean sections. Study Design: Comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Unit II, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan, from January 2008 to ...
Patel Mayara Paim - - 2014
The aim of this study was to cephalometrically assess the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of Class II malocclusion treatment performed with the Jones Jig appliance followed by fixed appliances. The sample comprised 25 patients with Class II malocclusion treated with the Jones Jig appliance followed by fixed appliances, at a ...
Begum Khan Mohammadi M Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Drs Sudha and Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
This article presents a case of class III malocclusion, a female patient aged 8 years treated in early stage of its recognition, i.e. treated in early mixed dentition stage, utilizing orthopedic appliance for its correction, utilizing both rapid maxillary expansion and face mask approach. After the skeletal base correction as ...
Kamoi Kyuzi K Department of Internal Medicine, Ojiya General Hospital , Ojiya, Niigata , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Previous cross-sectional studies and 6-year longitudinal study have demonstrated that home blood pressure (HBP) measurements upon awakening have a stronger predictive power for death, micro- and macrovascular complications than clinic blood pressure (CBP) measurements in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). This study investigated which of these measurements offers ...
Sebastian Vinod A VA Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Historic outcomes of patients with heterotaxy and pulmonary atresia or pulmonary stenosis (PA/PS) have been poor and in the current era are incompletely described. We reviewed our management of these patients and associated risk factors for death. We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients with heterotaxy and PA/PS treated ...
Said Sameh M SM Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Patients with atriopulmonary Fontan tend to undergo conversion to total cavopulmonary connections secondary to arrhythmias or poor flow dynamics. However, the ideal candidate is unknown. Between December 1994 and May 2011, 70 patients (40 males [57%]) underwent Fontan conversion. Median age was 23 years (range, 4 to 46 years). Excluded ...
Halloul Zuhir Z Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of General, Abdominal and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital, Leipziger Str. 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Germany, - - 2014
The purpose of this "first-in-man" study was to investigate the safety of a novel vascular polyester prosthesis coated with a resorbable polymer and free of any animal-based coating agents such as gelatin or collagen. In a nonrandomized first-in-man multicenter safety study, the frequency of perigraft seroma (PGS) as the primary ...
Zhou Hai-Yang HY Department of General Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
IMPORTANCE A retrograde dissection technique of pancreaticoduodenectomy in a caudocranial direction has been described recently. OBSERVATIONS Fifteen consecutive patients who underwent retrograde pancreaticduodenectomy were compared with 15 consecutive patients operated on through a conventional approach. The mean (SD) intraoperative blood loss was 407 (202) mL in the retrograde group compared ...
Cochennec Frédéric F Department of Vascular Surgery, Henri Mondor Hospital, Créteil, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fenestrated and branched endovascular devices are increasingly used for complex aortic diseases, and despite the challenging nature of these procedures, early experiences from pioneering centers have been encouraging. The objectives of this retrospective study were to report our experience of intraoperative adverse events (IOAEs) during fenestrated and branched stent grafting ...
Kalita J J Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Medical Sciences, Lucknow, - - 2014
We report the efficacy and safety of levofloxacin versus rifampicin in tuberculous meningitis (TBM). In this open-label, randomized controlled trial from India, patients with TBM diagnosed on the basis of clinical, MRI and CSF findings were included. Patients with hepatic or renal dysfunction, organ transplantation, malignancy, pregnancy, lactation, allergy, seizure, ...
Visconti Gabriella G Laboratory of Interventional Cardiology, Clinica Mediterranea, - - 2014
Subintimal tracking and reentry (STAR) technique has been described as a bailout strategy for coronary total occlusion (CTO) recanalization. However, the length of the dissected segment represents a major concern. The aim of this study is, to evaluate whether "deferred" stent implantation may limit the total stent length following STAR ...
Karnad Dilip R DR Critical Care, Jupiter Hospital, Thane, India, - - 2014
Ulinastatin, a serine protease inhibitor, inhibits several pro-inflammatory proteases and decreases inflammatory cytokine levels and mortality in experimental sepsis. We studied the effect of ulinastatin on 28-day all-cause mortality in a double-blind trial in patients with severe sepsis in seven Indian hospitals. Patients with sepsis were randomized within 48 h of ...
Sargento Luis L Heart Failure Unit, Cardiology Department, Pulido Valente Hospital, Lisbon North Hospital Centre , Lisbon , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the long-term predictive value of serial Nt-ProBNP during dry-state in patients with systolic heart failure (SHF). Methods: Nt-ProBNP was measured quarterly during a 6-month dry-state period in 40 SHF outpatients. Events: all-cause mortality or hospitalization. Follow-up: 5 years. Results: The Nt-ProBNP >1000 pg/ml (baseline and 6 months) ...
Kasimoglu Yelda - - 2014
Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between vertical asymmetries of the mandibular condyle with different occlusion types, including Angle Cl I, Cl II, Cl III malocclusions and unilateral posterior crossbite (UPC) in adolescent patients. Methodology: A total number of 120 patients (60 girls, 60 boys ...
Vohra Hunaid A HA Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, - - 2014
To evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of concomitant aortic (AVr) and mitral (MVr) valve repair. This retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data identified patients who had undergone AVr and MVr surgery from March 1996 to October 2009. Patients were included if they had undergone combined repair on the aortic ...
Wright Nat Mj - - 2014
Internationally there is policy support for the introduction of methadone maintenance programmes into prison settings. Increasingly GPs are encouraged to undertake this work although concerns remain regarding the safety of such programmes. This study sought to evaluate the impact and safety of the introduction of a general practitioner with a ...
Moretti Claudio C Division of Cardiology 1, Department of Internal Medicine, Città Della Salute e Della Scienza, Turin, Italy; Division of Cardiology 2, Department of Internal Medicine, Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, Turin, - - 2014
Impact of periprocedural bleeding after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) over mid-term prognosis remains still unclear. Consecutive patients who underwent TAVI from May 2008 to July 2012 were prospectively included and stratified according to life-threatening (LT) and major bleeding (MB). Mid-term all-cause death was the primary end-point, and 30-day death, ...
Pedersen Sune Haahr SH Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Aims: The use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) is controversial and not yet endorsed in clinical guidelines. Methods and results: This was an a priori planned post hoc analysis involving 754 NSTE-ACS patients from the randomised BASKET-PROVE trial (sirolimus-eluting stent vs. everolimus-eluting ...
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