Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2756
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Seok Yangki - - 2012
Background: Pneumonectomy is associated with higher early mortality and morbidity, and it is also known to predispose the patient to respiratory complications during mid- and long-term follow-up. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with respiratory complications during the follow-up period after pneumonectomy.Methods: We retrospectively ...
Bernard Jean-Paul - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The use of methadone in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is potentially associated with a number of adverse effects and the risk of fatal toxicity. Increased methadone availability may lead to an increase in methadone-related deaths. We have investigated methadone-related deaths in Norway over the period 2000-2006. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
d'Udekem Yves - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine rate of reoperation subsequent to primary valve repair in a pediatric population. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2009, 142 consecutive patients underwent aortic valve repair in our institution. Median age at surgery was 9 years, with 30 being younger than age 1 year. Indication for surgery was stenosis ...
Jim Man-Hong - - 2012
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the angiographic and clinical results of stent full metal jacket in treating long lesions using everolimus-eluting stents (EES). Background: Data are lacking regarding the use of EES for this lesion subgroup. Methods: From 2007 to 2011, 77 symptomatic patients who had ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Among patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis, carotid artery stenting (CAS) is associated with a higher risk of periprocedural stroke or death than carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Uncertainty remains whether the balance of risk changes with time since the most recent ischemic event. METHODS: We investigated the association of time ...
McAlister Finlay A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -The Alberta Cardiac Access [ACA] initiative was implemented in the spring of 2008 to increase access to specialized heart failure (HF) clinics after hospital discharge. METHODS AND RESULTS: -We identified all adults hospitalized with a most responsible diagnosis of HF between April 1999 and December 2009. We randomly selected ...
Hong Jie J Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2013
The two major classes of antidiabetic drugs, sulfonylureas and metformin, may differentially affect macrovascular complications and mortality in diabetic patients. We compared the long-term effects of glipizide and metformin on the major cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients who had a history of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study ...
Matsuda Sonoo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear whether patients with preoperative anemia have worse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) than patients without preoperative anemia. The aim of this study was to assess differences in outcomes between patients with and without preoperative anemia who underwent off-pump CABG. METHODS: A total of ...
Hashimoto Makoto - - 2012
PURPOSE: To establish if preoperative arterial blood lactate (Lac) is a factor related to hospital death for patients with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). METHODS: The subjects were 55 patients who underwent surgery for an rAAA in a single institution between July, 2000 and November, 2009. Patients were divided ...
Yamashita Suguru - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although portal vein embolization (PVE) has been applied for surgical resection of colorectal liver metastases (CLM), the clinical usefulness of liver surgery following PVE for CLM remains unknown. METHODS: A total of 115 patients were evaluated retrospectively. Among them, 49 underwent one-stage hepatectomy following PVE (PVE group). The remaining ...
Waage Steinar - - 2012
Postoperative outcomes of animals that have undergone cesarean delivery have been reported previously; however, in most studies results were influenced by a combination of surgery per se and the preoperative condition of the animal, which was frequently impaired because of the presence of dystocia. To evaluate the effects of the ...
Taner Timucin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate long-term outcomes after splenectomy for massive splenomegaly in a series of 222 consecutive patients. BACKGROUND:: Splenectomy for massive splenomegaly (>1500 g) provides palliation but is associated with a high rate of perioperative complications in a population of patients with advanced hematological malignancies. Predictive factors for survival and ...
Huesch Marco D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Assessing the real-world comparative effectiveness of common interventions is challenged by unmeasured confounding. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the mortality benefit shown for drug-eluting stents (DES) over bare metal stents (BMS) in observational studies persists after controls for/tests for confounding. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Retrospective observational study involving 38,019 patients, 65 years ...
Nunes Marcela Neves - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify special micro-region clusters according to mortality rates resulting from traffic accident in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, during the period of one year before and one year after the enactment of the Brazilian Drinking and Driving Law. METHODS: Ecological and exploratory study in the period of ...
Birla Rashmi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study prospectively compares the clinical performance of 2 stented porcine aortic bioprostheses: the Carpentier-Edwards supraannular aortic valve (CE-SAV) from Edwards Lifesciences (Irvine, CA) and the Mosaic valve from Medtronic Corp (Minneapolis, MN). We believe it is the only study of this kind. METHODS: Four hundred three patients undergoing ...
Bösel Julian - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Optimal timing of tracheostomy in ventilated patients with severe stroke is unclear. We aimed to investigate feasibility, safety, and potential advantages of early tracheostomy in these intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, parallel-group, controlled, open, and outcome-masked pilot trial was conducted in neurological/neurosurgical ICUs ...
Abgrall Sophie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Estimate incidence of and risk factors for modifications to first antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen, treatment interruption and death. METHODS:: 21,801 patients from 18 cohorts in Europe and North America starting ART on regimens including ≥2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors plus boosted protease inhibitor (PI) or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor ...
Lebwohl B B Celiac Disease Center, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, - - 2013
Coeliac disease (CD), characterised by the presence of villous atrophy (VA) in the small intestine, is associated with increased mortality, but it is unknown if mortality is influenced by mucosal recovery. To determine whether persistent VA is associated with mortality in CD. Through biopsy reports from all pathology departments (n = 28) ...
Horwich Peter - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We sought to evaluate the long-term impact of post-cardiac surgery atrial fibrillation on the risk of stroke and survival. METHODS: Patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery from April 1, 1995 to March 31, 2007 were identified (n = 8058). Long-term stroke data were compiled using Cox modeling adjusted for clinical ...
Halland M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine short and long term outcomes among a cohort of patients with variceal haemorrhage at a tertiary referral centre, and to determine the predictive value of the MELD score for mortality in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective database hospital audit which captured patients who presented with or ...
Xu Bo - - 2012
Aims: This study sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the NOYA stent which is a cobalt chromium-based sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) with DL-polylactide biodegradable polymer (Medfavour Medical, Beijing, China) in treating de novo coronary artery lesions. Methods and results: The NOYA I trial was designed to compare the NOYA ...
Lederle Frank A - - 2012
Whether elective endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm reduces long-term morbidity and mortality, as compared with traditional open repair, remains uncertain. We randomly assigned 881 patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms who were candidates for both procedures to either endovascular repair (444) or open repair (437) and followed them for ...
Sachwani Gul R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term results of percutaneous iliac artery stenting (PCIS) with aortobifemoral (ABF) grafting for patients with symptomatic iliac artery occlusions. METHODS: A retrospective review of 229 patients (January 2000 to December 2011) with symptomatic iliac artery occlusions was performed. In 100 patients, 103 PCIS procedures were performed, and ...
Zhu Qiwei - - 2012
Prognostic values of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in myriad diseases have been studied. During the natural progression of atherosclerotic renal artery disease (ARVD) changes of NT-proBNP levels and its significance is not understood. A prospective longitudinal follow-up study was conducted among 61 ARVD patients (77.7±5.2 years old). NT-proBNP was ...
Ng Austin Chin Chwan - - 2012
Objectives: It was the aim of this study to determine the prognostic significance of the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) following acute pulmonary embolism (PE) and assess the prognosis of patients without comorbidities (defined as a CCI score of 0). Methods: Outcomes of 1,023 consecutive patients admitted with confirmed PE were ...
Rana Hamza - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Lower extremity peripheral artery disease occurs mostly in the elderly and is associated with high mortality. Limited data are available regarding long-term mortality in patients with premature lower extremity atherosclerosis (PLEA). Our objective was to determine the all-cause mortality and its predictors in younger PLEA patients. METHODS: We studied ...
Jensen Magnus Thorsten - - 2012
The clinical significance of high heart rate in COPD is unexplored.We investigated the association between resting heart rate (RHR), pulmonary function, and prognosis in subjects with COPD.16,696 subjects above 40 years from The Copenhagen City Heart Study, a prospective study of the general population, followed for 35.3 years, 10,986 deaths ...
El-Chami Mikhael F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the prevalence, predictors, and outcomes of patients with postoperative ventricular arrhythmia (POVA) in a large cohort of patients. BACKGROUND: New-onset POVA after cardiac surgery (CS) is uncommon and has controversial prognostic value. METHODS: A total of 14,720 consecutive patients undergoing CS at Emory University ...
Aynardi Michael - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of early mortality and identify risk factors for early death following modern uncemented THA. Between 2000 and 2006, we identified patients who died within 90days of THA. Demographics, comorbidities, laboratory studies, and complications were analyzed as risk factors for mortality. ...
Sueyoshi E - - 2012
AIM: In type B double-barrel aortic dissection (AD), the fate of the affected aorta, causes of death, and very long-term clinical outcomes have not been completely elucidated. The purpose of this study was to clarify the fate of the affected aorta and long-term clinical outcomes in patients with type B ...
Nardi P - - 2012
AIM: Aim of the study was to evaluate late outcomes of mitral valve repair with and without the use of prosthetic ring annuloplasty and standardized techniques for the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS: Three hundred and five patients (mean age 62±12 years) underwent mitral valve repair between January ...
Alge Joseph L JL Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, - - 2013
Biomarkers of AKI that can predict which patients will develop severe renal disease at the time of diagnosis will facilitate timely intervention in populations at risk of adverse outcomes. Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry was used to identify 30 potential prognostic urinary biomarkers of severe AKI in a group of patients ...
Azizzadeh Ali - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aortic injury is the second most common cause of death after blunt trauma. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been rapidly adopted as an alternative to the traditional open repair (OR) for treatment of traumatic aortic injury (TAI). This paradigm shift has improved the outcomes in these patients. This ...
Subramanian Deepak N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: severity assessment in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is important as it is associated with significant mortality. In this study, we compared a previously suggested severity assessment rule for CAP- SOAR (systolic blood pressure, oxygenation, age and respiratory rate)- against the CURB-65 criteria. METHODS: we conducted a prospective study in three ...
Chen Huiwen - - 2012
Controversy still exists concerning the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP) for repair of aortic coarctation (CoA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD). This report therefore describes outcomes of patients undergoing continuous cerebral and myocardial perfusion (CCMP) under mild hypothermia compared with DHCA and ...
Dell'aquila Angelo Maria - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The HeartWare ventricular assist device (HVAD) system (HeartWare International Inc, Framingham, MA) is a new centrifugal continuous-flow ventricular assist device. The aim of the present study is to review our institutional experience with this novel device. METHODS: We reviewed the files of 50 patients (39 men, 11 women) with ...
Leon de la Fuente Ra - - 2012
ABSTRACT Background: The omega-3 index (eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexaenoic acid) content in red blood cell membranes has been suggested as a novel risk marker for cardiac death. Objective: To assess the ability of the omega-3 index to predict all-cause mortality, cardiac death and sudden cardiac death following hospitalization with an ...
Brighton Timothy A - - 2012
Patients who have had a first episode of unprovoked venous thromboembolism have a high risk of recurrence after anticoagulants are discontinued. Aspirin may be effective in preventing a recurrence of venous thromboembolism. We randomly assigned 822 patients who had completed initial anticoagulant therapy after a first episode of unprovoked venous ...
- - 2012
Disorders of mineral metabolism, including secondary hyperparathyroidism, are thought to contribute to extraskeletal (including vascular) calcification among patients with chronic kidney disease. It has been hypothesized that treatment with the calcimimetic agent cinacalcet might reduce the risk of death or nonfatal cardiovascular events in such patients. In this clinical trial, ...
Chen Huiwen - - 2012
Controversy still exists on the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP) on postoperative recovery. Selective cerebro-myocardial perfusion (SCMP) has been described in neonatal and infant arch surgery. We therefore report outcomes of patients undergoing SCMP under mild hypothermia compared with DHCA and SACP. ...
Beseoglu Kerim - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates of up to 40% in the early phase following an aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) indicate that the overall case-fatality rate is predominantly influenced by the initial phase of the disease. This analysis investigates the in-hospital causes of death (CODs) within 30 days of admission in patients suffering ...
Tsutsumi Soichi - - 2012
Background/Aims: The advantages of combined pharmacological and physical methods for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis after colorectal surgery have not been clearly determined. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of fondaparinux combined with intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) with IPC alone for VTE prophylaxis after resection ...
Park Juwan - - 2012
To examine the relative positions of the lacrimal fossa (LF) and the bony nasolacrimal canal (BNLC) in relation to each other and a reference plane. Forty-two orbits and BNLCs from 21 Asian cadavers (9 men and 12 women; average age at death, 84.4 years; range, 70-99 years) had been fixed ...
Doss Mirko - - 2012
The BioPhysio bioprosthesis (Edwards Lifesciences LLC, Irvine, CA, USA) was designed to further improve the hemodynamic performance currently achieved by stented valves. A flexible Nitinol stent that preserves aortic root dynamics, thus maximizing the effective orifice area (EOA), is a key innovation of this prosthesis. The study aim was to ...
Liu Gaoli - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Totally thoracoscopic operation provides minimally invasive alternative for patients with atrial septal defect. In this study, we report the mid-term follow-up results of 45 patients with atrial septal defect who underwent totally thoracoscopic operation and discuss the feasibility and safety of this new technique. METHODS: From January 2010 to ...
Hua Wei - - 2012
Preventive Effectiveness of Implantable Cardioverter. Introduction: This prospective and multicenter trial of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) aimed to evaluate the mortality rate (including sudden cardiac death [SCD]) and the efficacy of ICD in Chinese patients with high risk of sudden death. Methods and Results : This trial was conducted in ...
Poziomyck Aline Kirjner - - 2012
Malnourished patients with gastrointestinal tumours are at risk for postoperative complications and death. The aim of this study was to determine which nutritional assessment method better predicts outcome. Seventy-four patients, 45 men and 29 women; mean (SD) age of 63 (102) yr (range = 34 to 83), undergoing surgical resections ...
Delgado Jiménez J - - 2012
Little information is available regarding the consequences of steroid withdrawal following heart transplantation (HT) in Spain. We analyzed the records of 1068 patients (81.6% men) who underwent HT between 2000 and 2005 in 13 Spanish centers who were aged ≥ 18 years and who survived at least 1 year. Death ...
Chavan Ajay - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery embolisation (HAE) in patients with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is controversial because of the associated complications and unproven long-term benefit. We present our results in 20 such patients over a time span of 17 years. METHODS: Staged HAE was performed using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles and coils. Complications, ...
Nakazawa Keisuke - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of insertion/deletion (ID) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene on clinical outcome of cardiac valve surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded observational study. SETTING: Operating room and intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 110 adult patients requiring elective cardiac valve surgery requiring ...
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