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Adeniyi A A AA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Ido Ekiti, Nigeria, - - 2014
Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of two dosing regimens of vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Materials and Methods: Pregnant women with singleton low risk pregnancy at term scheduled for elective induction of labour were randomized to receive either 25 μg or 50 μg of vaginal misoprostol ...
Laliberté François F Groupe d'analyse, Ltée, Montréal, QC, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Data is currently lacking in evaluating the weekly rates of recurrent VTE among patients receiving anticoagulants. Objective: To quantify the risk of VTE recurrence during the first 12-weeks after an index VTE event. Methods: Healthcare claims from Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database from January 2007 to June 2012 ...
Thourani Vinod H VH Structural Heart and Valve Center, Cardiothoracic Surgery Clinical Research Unit, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atherosclerotic disease of the ascending aorta during coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) increases the risk for postoperative stroke. The objective of this study was to examine the incidence of postoperative stroke in CABG utilizing the Heartstring (Maquet Cardiovascular, San Jose, CA) proximal anastomotic device. Intraoperative epiaortic ultrasonography was used ...
Sun Chuanzheng C Department of Head and Neck Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, 519 Kunzhou Road, Kunming, - - 2014
We investigated prognostic factors in 42 anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) patients from a single institution over a 30-year period and explored the use of risk grouping to guide therapeutic decisions. Univariable and multivariable differences in overall survival (OS) were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test as well ...
Braun William E WE Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute,, †Quantitative Health Sciences, and, ‡Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
The two largest studies of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor treatment of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) demonstrated no clear benefit on the primary endpoint of total kidney volume (TKV) or on eGFR. The present study evaluated two levels of rapamycin on the 12-month change in (125)I-iothalamate GFR (iGFR) ...
Meehan John P JP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis, 4860 Y Street, Suite 3800, Sacramento, CA 95817. E-mail address: - - 2014
Although early aseptic mechanical failure after total knee arthroplasty has been reported in younger patients, it is unknown whether early revision due to periprosthetic joint infection is more or less frequent in this patient subgroup. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the incidence of early periprosthetic joint ...
Aggarwal Vinay K VK Rothman Institute of Orthopaedics at Thomas Jefferson University, Sheridan Building, 10th Floor, 125 South 9th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107. E-mail address for V.K. Aggarwal: - - 2014
The volume of total knee arthroplasties, including revisions, in young patients is expected to rise. The objective of this study was to compare the reasons for revision and re-revision total knee arthroplasties between younger and older patients, to determine the survivorship of revision total knee arthroplasties, and to identify risk ...
Graham S M SM The Countess Of Chester Hospital, Health Park, Chester, Cheshire, - - 2014
We report the short-term follow-up, functional outcome and incidence of early and late infection after total hip replacement (THR) in a group of HIV-positive patients who do not suffer from haemophilia or have a history of intravenous drug use. A total of 29 patients underwent 43 THRs, with a mean ...
Evola F R FR Department of Surgery, Section of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Catania, Via Plebiscito 628, 95100, Catania, - - 2014
In 2012 we reviewed a consecutive series of 92 uncemented THRs performed between 1986 and 1991 at our institution using the CLS Spotorno stem, in order to assess clinical outcome and radiographic data at a minimum of 21 years. The series comprised 92 patients with a mean age at surgery ...
Jämsen E E Coxa, Hospital for Joint Replacement, P.O. Box 652, Biokatu 6b, Tampere, 33101, - - 2014
We evaluated the duration of hospitalisation, occurrence of infections, hip dislocations, revisions, and mortality following primary hip and knee replacement in 857 patients with Parkinson's disease and compared them with 2571 matched control patients. The data were collected from comprehensive nationwide Finnish health registers. The mean follow-up was six years ...
Jonsson Eythor Örn EÖ Department of Orthopedic Surgery , Landspitali University Hospital , - - 2014
Background and purpose - Previous work has shown that despite preventive measures, intraoperative contamination of joint replacements is still common, although most of these patients seem to do well in follow-up of up to 5 years. We analyzed the prevalence and bacteriology of intraoperative contamination of primary joint replacement and ...
Agus Michael S D MS Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Our previous randomized clinical trial showed that post-operative tight glycemic control (TGC) for children undergoing cardiac surgery did not reduce the rate of healthcare-associated infections compared to standard care (STD). Heterogeneity of treatment effect may exist within this population. We performed a post-hoc exploratory analysis on 980 children from birth ...
De Benedetti Fabrizio F IRCCS Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Rome, - - 2014
In the phase 3 TENDER trial of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), decreases in neutrophil count were commonly observed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether neutropenia was associated with increased risk for infection and to investigate variables associated with the development of ...
Hsu Vivian M VM From the *Division of Plastic Surgery and †Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, The Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
In the setting of recurrent infection and multiple failed reconstruction attempts, the choice of the ideal reconstructive material for salvage cranioplasty remains a source of controversy in the literature. The purpose of this study is to establish the safety and utility of antibiotic-impregnated polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) for salvage cranioplasty.A prospectively ...
Newman Erik T ET Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (E.T.N., T.S.W., J.S.L., J.M.J., S.S.W., D.E.A., and M.P.B.), Anesthesiology (S.A.G.), and Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (C.L.G.), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710. E-mail address for T.S. Watters: - - 2014
Patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty frequently receive blood transfusions. The relationship between transfusion and the risk of infection following total joint arthroplasty is unclear. In this study, we sought to examine the impact of allogeneic and autologous transfusion on the risk of acute infection following total hip and ...
Zheng Shuai S Department of Cardiac Surgery, Atrial Fibrillation Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation has been become an important strategy for treating atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesize that active GP is a predictor of AF recurrence after minimally invasive surgical AF ablation. Eighty-nine patients with symptomatic lone AF undergoing minimally invasive surgical pulmonary vein isolation combined with GP testing and ...
Ravi Bheeshma B University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Most of the evidence regarding complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are based on patients with osteoarthritis (OA); less is known about outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using a validated algorithm for identifying patients with RA, we undertook this study to compare the rates of ...
Ho Karen J KJ Northwestern Memorial Hospital, - - 2014
Hospital length of stay (LOS) contributes to costs. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is performed frequently by vascular surgeons, making contemporary CEA LOS rates and predictors vital knowledge for quality evaluation and cost containment initiatives. Using a prospective single-institution database, we retrospectively identified consecutive patients undergoing CEA from 2001 to 2011. Demographic ...
Picardo S L SL Department of Surgery, Trinity Center for Health Sciences, St. James's Hospital and Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Barrett's esophagus (BE) arising from chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux (GERD) is the main pathologic precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). The risk of progression to high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and EAC is unclear, and recent population studies from Denmark and Northern Ireland suggest that this has been overestimated in the past. No data ...
Edafe O O Department of Oncology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, - - 2014
Hypocalcaemia is common after thyroidectomy. Accurate prediction and appropriate management may help reduce morbidity and hospital stay. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of predictors of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia. A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library databases was undertaken, and ...
Uche E O EO Neurological Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, - - 2014
Background: To evaluate the determinants and outcomes of shunt infection (SI). Methods: One hundred ninety-eight pediatric hydrocephalic patients treated with a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt between January 2008 and August 2012 were retrospectively studied. Patients with SI were compared to those without SI in terms of the occurrence of risk factors ...
Kao Hsiang-Fong HF Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Yun-Lin Branch, Yun-Lin, Taiwan, - - 2014
To evaluate the preventive effects of topical skin disinfection with chlorhexidine on bloodstream infection (BSI) associated with totally implantable venous port (Port-A). Two consecutive cohorts of solid cancer patients were prospectively followed for the occurrence of Port-A associated BSI (PABSI). The first cohort used povidone-iodine as topical skin disinfection and ...
Rah Marjorie J MJ Bausch & Lomb Incorporated, Rochester, NY, - - 2014
To evaluate whether the use of Biotrue multipurpose solution (MPS) could significantly reduce the likelihood with which patients drop out of using daily wear contact lenses (CLs) amongst 18-44-year-old frequent replacement CL wearers. Daily wear CL subjects habitually using MPSs (other than Biotrue MPS) who reported an intent to imminently ...
Oresanya Lawrence L Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2013
Even in the setting of duplex ultrasound (DUS) surveillance, a significant number of lower extremity vein bypass grafts (LEVBGs) become occluded as a first event. We sought to identify factors that may contribute to these primary occlusions. This was a retrospective analysis of the Project of Ex Vivo Graft Engineering ...
Mazur Piotr P Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2013
Routine coagulation tests and bleed-scores fail to identify patients at risk of excessive postoperative drainage following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We sought to investigate whether lower von Willebrand factor (VWF) and higher ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) are associated with a ...
Dorweiler Bernhard B Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center, Johannes-Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
To analyze early and late mortality, venous morbidity, reinfection, and freedom from reintervention after using the femoral vein (FV) for vascular reconstruction with infection of the aortoiliofemoral axis. By reviewing our database, 86 patients could be identified with implantation of FV grafts in infected fields between November 1995 and July ...
Wisniewski Hans-Georg HG Department of Microbiology, New York University, School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016. Electronic address: - - 2013
To establish whether there is an association between TSG-6 activity and osteoarthritis (OA) progression. TSG-6 activity was determined in 132 synovial fluids from patients with OA of the knee, using a novel quantitative TSG-6 activity assay. The association between TSG-6 activities at baseline and four distinct disease progression states, determined ...
Ye Carrie - - 2013
Asymptomatic bacteriuria(ASB) is a risk factor for UTIs in many patients without liver disease. It remains unclear whether a diagnosis of ASB in an outpatient with cirrhosis could be utilized to predict the subsequent development of a UTI AIMS: We undertook this study to determine the prevalence and incidence of ...
Christensen Christian P - - 2013
Assessments of the synovial fluid white blood-cell (WBC) count and percentage of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) have been reported to be useful in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection. The purpose of this multicenter retrospective study was to evaluate the natural progression of the synovial fluid WBC count, PMN percentage, and ...
Brennhovd Bjørn B Department of - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) has increasingly become a treatment alternative for patients with high-risk prostate cancer. Few papers focus on the prevalence of operative and short-term postoperative (<30 days) adverse events associated with RALP in high-risk patients. The objective of this study was to study such events in ...
González López J L JL Materials Resources Coordination, Hospital Clínico 'San Carlos', Madrid, Spain; Nursing Department, Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico 'San Carlos' (IdISSC), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Catheter-related infections (CRIs) caused by peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) are an increasingly common iatrogenic complication. To prevent this, recommended timelines for routine replacement of PIVCs have increased from 48h to 72h and subsequently to 96h, despite a lack of supporting scientific evidence. To compare closed-system (COS) PIVCs with open-system (MOS) ...
Patel Harshad Shankarlal HS Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, GMERS Medical College , Sola, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India - - 2013
Introduction: Anal fissure causes significant morbidity in the population. It is proposed that elevated sphincter pressures may cause ischaemia of the anal lining and this may be responsible for the pain of anal fissures and their failure to heal. When pharmacologic therapy fails or fissures recur frequently, lateral internal sphincterotomy ...
Ravi Bheeshma - - 2013
Background and objectives: Most of the evidence regarding complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are based on patients with osteoarthritis (OA); less is known about outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using a validated algorithm for identifying individuals with RA, we compared the rates of complications ...
Mariotti C - - 2013
PurposeTo report on the long-term outcomes and risk factors for failure with the EX-PRESS shunt implanted under a scleral flap.SettingsEye Department, University of Ancona, Ancona, Italy and the Oxford Eye Center, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.MethodsThe medical records of glaucoma patients who underwent consecutive EX-PRESS implantations under a scleral ...
Mano Roy - - 2013
Orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion is associated with a high rate of infectious complications, especially in the early postoperative period. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence, associated pathogens, and predictors of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with an orthotopic neobladder. The medical records of 79 ...
Siribumrungwong Boonying - - 2013
Delayed primary (DPC) and primary (PC) wound closures have been applied in ruptured appendicitis, but results were controversial. This study aims at comparing the rate of superficial surgical site infection (SSI) in ruptured appendicitis between DPC and PC. A retrospective cohort of ruptured appendicitis was conducted between October 2006 and ...
Mourad Waleed F - - 2013
Aim: To report long-term outcomes for HIV-positive patients who underwent radiation therapy (RT) for benign lymphoepithelial cysts (BLEC) of the parotid glands. In this single institution retrospective study of HIV-associated BLEC of the parotids, the medical records of 37 HIV-positive patients who were treated with RT between 1987-2012 were reviewed. ...
Chiang Andrew S AS Department of Radiation Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2013
This retrospective review compares prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling time (DT) prior to the initiation of a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor (pre-5-ARI) to after the PSA nadir (post-nadir) has been reached for patients on active surveillance for favourable-risk prostate cancer. Between 1996 and 2010, a total of 100 men with a history of ...
Shin Sang Do - - 2013
It is unclear whether the scene time interval (STI) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) or not. A retrospective analysis based on two large population-based cohorts was performed for witnessed adult OHCA with presumed cardiac etiology from Seoul (2008-2010) and Osaka (2007-2009). The ...
Nikfarjam Mehrdad - - 2013
Surgical site infections (SSI) are a significant cause of postoperative morbidity. Pressurized pulse irrigation of subcutaneous tissues may lower infection rates by aiding in the debridement of necrotic tissue and reducing bacterial counts compared to simply pouring saline into the wound. A total of 128 patients undergoing laparotomy extending beyond ...
Demirkale Ismail - - 2013
This retrospective study enrolled 526 patients undergoing bilateral total knee arthroplasties at our institution. In nondrainage group (Group 1) of 255 patients (510 knees), a disposable elastic sterile exsanguination tourniquet (HemaClear), wound closure in layers and Jones Bandage, without pre-tourniquet removal hemostasis or Hemovac drain were used. In drainage group ...
Galli Melissa M - - 2013
Silver hydrogel dressings are antimicrobial, nonadherent, and have an absorptive capacity many times their weight. Fifty-nine (49.44 ± 16.85 years) foot and ankle patients with incisions >1 cm were prospectively enrolled to compare infection, scarring, and complication rates between the postoperative use of a silver hydrogel sheet (SHS) dressing and ...
Zmistowski Benjamin - - 2013
There has been a major and alarming increase in readmission rates following total joint arthroplasty. With proposed changes in reimbursement policy, increased rates of unplanned readmission following arthroplasty will penalize providers. In particular, it has been proposed that specific complications-so-called "zero-tolerance" complications-are unacceptable and that their treatment will not qualify ...
Di Nardo Giovanni - - 2013
AIM:: to evaluate in patients with cystic fibrosis the effect of Lactobacillus Reuteri (LR) on the rate of respiratory exacerbations and of the infections of both upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study enrolling 61 CF patients with mild-to-moderate lung disease at Regional Center for CF of ...
Huang Huawei - - 2013
Cefepime is administered as an intermittent infusion (II); however, continuous infusion (CI) may be advantageous because β-lactam antibiotics exhibit time-dependent antibacterial activity. This retrospective, non-randomised, comparative study included 68 neurosurgical patients with post-operative intracranial infections treated with 4g/day cefepime over 24h as a CI (n=34) or 2g every 12h as ...
Burton Jessica - - 2013
Patients attending for sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV testing may be at continuing risk of infection and advised to return for retesting at a later date. To measure the impact of short message service (SMS) text reminders on the reattendance rates of patients who require repeat STI testing. Reattendance rates were ...
Kornej Jelena - - 2013
-There are limited data on the predictive value of stroke risk scores for thromboembolic events (TE) after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Our objectives were to report the incidence of TE after AF ablation in a large contemporary AF ablation cohort. -Using the Leipzig Heart Center AF Ablation Registry, ...
Matic P - - 2013
PurposeThe purpose of this study was to analyze clinical outcome of patients for femoropopliteal graft infection who were treated by in situ reconstruction with a silver-coated prosthesis.Basic methodsFrom December 2001 to December 2011, 27 patients were treated for femoropopliteal graft infection. Twenty patients (74%) were male and seven (26%) were ...
Klinger Andreas - - 2013
One of the major concerns in transsphenoidal surgery are infections because the approach to the pituitary includes a route of microbial colonization. To minimize the associated morbidity and mortality, a surveillance program is crucial to monitor for perioperative infections. For 1 year, we analysed body temperature (BT), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ...
Prudhon Jean-Louis - - 2013
The dual mobility cup introduced in France by Gilles Bousquet has been used in total hip replacement in high-risk patients. This device acts as a large ball implant and significantly reduces the risk of dislocation following hip arthroplasty. Published French literature has focused on low rates of dislocation and long-term ...
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