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Itatsu K K Divisions of Surgical Oncology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Toyota, Japan; Divisions of Surgical Oncology, Surgical Infection, Department of Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Toyota, - - 2014
Few larger studies have estimated the incidence of incisional hernia (IH) after abdominal surgery. Patients who had abdominal surgery between November 2009 and February 2011 were included in the study. The incidence rate and risk factors for IH were monitored for at least 180 days. A total of 4305 consecutive patients ...
Brant William O WO Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Center for Reconstructive Urology and Men's Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the short- to medium-term outcomes after artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) placement from a large, multi-institutional, prospective, follow-up study. We hypothesize that along with radiation, patients with any history of a direct surgery to the urethra will have higher rates of eventual AUS explantation for erosion and/or infection. A ...
Moriya Kimihiko K Department of Renal and Genitourinary Surgery, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the incidence of febrile UTI and assessed risk factors for febrile UTI during active surveillance after early discontinuation of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP), we retrospectively reviewed our experience on active surveillance. Among the patients with primary VUR detected at less than 1 year old, 70 patients with persistent ...
Jung Sungmo S Department of Internal Medicine and Institute of Gastroenterology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
Metachronous recurrence often occurs after endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer, and a method for preventing recurrence is unknown. We aimed to identify risk factors for metachronous lesions and the effects of aspirin use and Helicobacter pylori eradication on preventing recurrence. A total of 1,041 consecutive patients who underwent ...
Khanfour Ashraf A AA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Damanhur National Medical Institute, Damanhur, Egypt, - - 2014
Percutaneous transosseous Ilizarov wiring, whilst preferred in the tibia because of its unique properties, carries a high risk of complications in the femur. The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of a more patient-friendly semicircular pin external fixator module built up from parts of the Ilizarov fixator ...
Glassou Eva N EN Department of Orthopedic Surgery , Regional Hospital West Jutland , - - 2014
Purpose - To compare the risks of re-admission, reoperation, and mortality within 90 days of surgery in orthopedic departments with well-documented fast-track arthroplasty programs with those in all other orthopedic departments in Denmark from 2005 to 2011. Methods - We used the Danish hip and knee arthroplasty registers to identify ...
Chalouhi Nohra N Department of Neurosurgery, Thomas Jefferson University and Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Object It is common practice to use a new contralateral bur hole for ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients with an existing ventriculostomy. At Thomas Jefferson University and Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, the authors have primarily used the ventriculostomy site for the VPS. The purpose of this ...
Mednick Rachel E RE Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University, 676 North Saint Clair, Suite 1350, Chicago, IL 60611. E-mail address for H.M. Alvi: - - 2014
Readmissions following total hip arthroplasty are a focus given the forthcoming financial penalties that hospitals in the United States may incur starting in 2015. The purpose of this study was to identify both preoperative comorbidities and postoperative conditions that increase the risk of readmission following total hip arthroplasty.METHODS: Using the ...
Yoon Young Kyung YK Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Institute of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the impact of preceding respiratory viral infections (RVI) on the clinical severity of pneumococcal pneumonia patients. A retrospective observational study was conducted at a university hospital from January 2009 to March 2013. Study subjects included adults (aged ≥18 years) with pneumococcal pneumonia who had undergone laboratory ...
Schietroma Mario M Department of Surgery, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, - - 2014
Perioperative supplemental oxygen has been proposed to decrease the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) in colorectal surgery with controversial results. We have assessed the influence of hyperoxygenation on SSI by using the most homogeneous study population. We studied, in a prospective randomized study, 81 patients, who underwent elective open ...
Damasco P V PV Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Despite the recent advances in diagnosis and treatment, mortality rates due to infective endocarditis (IE) remain high if not aggressively treated with antibiotics, whether or not associated with surgery. Data on the prevalence, epidemiology and etiology of IE from developing countries remain scarce. The aim of this observational, prospective cohort ...
Touma J J Department of Vascular Surgery, Henri Mondor University Hospital, 51 Avenue Mal de Lattre de Tassigny, 94000 Créteil, - - 2014
To evaluate overall survival and complications of cryopreserved arterial allografts in aortic graft infections and infected aortic aneurysms. A retrospective review of consecutive patients was conducted with native or prosthetic aortic infections, who underwent local debridement and in situ implantation of a cryopreserved aortic allograft from September 2004 to June ...
Hassan Tidi M - - 2014
Antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) may present with pulmonary involvement ranging from mild to life-threatening disease such as diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. There is a paucity of information regarding morbidity outcomes for AAV subjects presenting with lung involvement. This study determines the relationship between disease activity and damage in these ...
Adeniyi A A AA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Ido Ekiti, Nigeria, - - 2014
Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of two dosing regimens of vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Materials and Methods: Pregnant women with singleton low risk pregnancy at term scheduled for elective induction of labour were randomized to receive either 25 μg or 50 μg of vaginal misoprostol ...
Nelson Cecil C Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, - - 2014
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) complicates one third of all preterm births and 4% of all births. Controversy exists surrounding safety of inpatient compared with outpatient management. The primary aim of is to examine the predictors of potentially catastrophic complications associated with PPROM. A retrospective case-control study was performed ...
Chung Hyun Ah HA Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
A link between G protein β3 (GNB3) polymorphism and functional dyspepsia (FD) has been suggested. The aim of this study was to determine the role of GNB3 polymorphism in the long-term prognosis of FD in Koreans. FD patients and normal healthy controls were recruited from patients who visited our center ...
Frivolt K K Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Center, Munich, Germany; 2nd Department of Pediatrics, Comenius University Medical School, Bratislava, - - 2014
Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) induces remission and mucosal healing in children with active Crohn's disease (CD). To compare short- and long-term outcomes of the first vs. second courses of EEN, and to identify predictors of sustained remission. Retrospective single centre analysis of all patients with CD (6-18 years) treated with EEN ...
Nella Aikaterini A - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Premature menarche is an uncommon, benign condition characterized by isolated or recurrent menstrual bleeding in the absence of secondary sexual characteristics. Methods: We performed an observational retrospective study to further characterize the clinical, biochemical and imaging features of benign prepubertal vaginal bleeding (BPVB). Out of 1037 girls evaluated ...
Laliberté François F Groupe d'analyse, Ltée, Montréal, QC, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Data is currently lacking in evaluating the weekly rates of recurrent VTE among patients receiving anticoagulants. Objective: To quantify the risk of VTE recurrence during the first 12-weeks after an index VTE event. Methods: Healthcare claims from Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database from January 2007 to June 2012 ...
Thourani Vinod H VH Structural Heart and Valve Center, Cardiothoracic Surgery Clinical Research Unit, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atherosclerotic disease of the ascending aorta during coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) increases the risk for postoperative stroke. The objective of this study was to examine the incidence of postoperative stroke in CABG utilizing the Heartstring (Maquet Cardiovascular, San Jose, CA) proximal anastomotic device. Intraoperative epiaortic ultrasonography was used ...
Sun Chuanzheng C Department of Head and Neck Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, 519 Kunzhou Road, Kunming, - - 2014
We investigated prognostic factors in 42 anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) patients from a single institution over a 30-year period and explored the use of risk grouping to guide therapeutic decisions. Univariable and multivariable differences in overall survival (OS) were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test as well ...
Braun William E WE Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute,, †Quantitative Health Sciences, and, ‡Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
The two largest studies of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor treatment of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) demonstrated no clear benefit on the primary endpoint of total kidney volume (TKV) or on eGFR. The present study evaluated two levels of rapamycin on the 12-month change in (125)I-iothalamate GFR (iGFR) ...
Gül Ilker I Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Şifa University; İzmir-Turkey. - - 2014
It is important to know the elapsed symptom-to-door (StD) time between the emergence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) symptoms and admission to the hospital in terms of the selection of appropriate treatment and prognosis. In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and StD ...
Meehan John P JP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis, 4860 Y Street, Suite 3800, Sacramento, CA 95817. E-mail address: - - 2014
Although early aseptic mechanical failure after total knee arthroplasty has been reported in younger patients, it is unknown whether early revision due to periprosthetic joint infection is more or less frequent in this patient subgroup. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the incidence of early periprosthetic joint ...
Aggarwal Vinay K VK Rothman Institute of Orthopaedics at Thomas Jefferson University, Sheridan Building, 10th Floor, 125 South 9th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107. E-mail address for V.K. Aggarwal: - - 2014
The volume of total knee arthroplasties, including revisions, in young patients is expected to rise. The objective of this study was to compare the reasons for revision and re-revision total knee arthroplasties between younger and older patients, to determine the survivorship of revision total knee arthroplasties, and to identify risk ...
Graham S M SM The Countess Of Chester Hospital, Health Park, Chester, Cheshire, - - 2014
We report the short-term follow-up, functional outcome and incidence of early and late infection after total hip replacement (THR) in a group of HIV-positive patients who do not suffer from haemophilia or have a history of intravenous drug use. A total of 29 patients underwent 43 THRs, with a mean ...
Evola F R FR Department of Surgery, Section of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Catania, Via Plebiscito 628, 95100, Catania, - - 2014
In 2012 we reviewed a consecutive series of 92 uncemented THRs performed between 1986 and 1991 at our institution using the CLS Spotorno stem, in order to assess clinical outcome and radiographic data at a minimum of 21 years. The series comprised 92 patients with a mean age at surgery ...
Jämsen E E Coxa, Hospital for Joint Replacement, P.O. Box 652, Biokatu 6b, Tampere, 33101, - - 2014
We evaluated the duration of hospitalisation, occurrence of infections, hip dislocations, revisions, and mortality following primary hip and knee replacement in 857 patients with Parkinson's disease and compared them with 2571 matched control patients. The data were collected from comprehensive nationwide Finnish health registers. The mean follow-up was six years ...
Jonsson Eythor Örn EÖ Department of Orthopedic Surgery , Landspitali University Hospital , - - 2014
Background and purpose - Previous work has shown that despite preventive measures, intraoperative contamination of joint replacements is still common, although most of these patients seem to do well in follow-up of up to 5 years. We analyzed the prevalence and bacteriology of intraoperative contamination of primary joint replacement and ...
van Enckevort C C G CC Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, the - - 2014
Background: Colorectal adenoma patients are kept under surveillance because of the risk of developing metachronous neoplasia. The aim is to determine predictors of neoplasia development after polypectomy. Methods: It is an observational cohort study. 433 Patients who had ≥1 adenoma removed between 1988 and 2004 were included, with follow-up until ...
Agus Michael S D MS Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Our previous randomized clinical trial showed that post-operative tight glycemic control (TGC) for children undergoing cardiac surgery did not reduce the rate of healthcare-associated infections compared to standard care (STD). Heterogeneity of treatment effect may exist within this population. We performed a post-hoc exploratory analysis on 980 children from birth ...
Best E L EL Microbiology Department, Old Medical School, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, - - 2014
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) remains an infection control challenge, especially when environmental spore contamination and suboptimal cleaning may increase transmission risk. To substantiate the long-term effectiveness throughout a stroke rehabilitation unit (SRU) of deep cleaning and hydrogen peroxide decontamination (HPD), following a high incidence of CDI. Extensive environmental sampling (342 ...
De Benedetti Fabrizio F IRCCS Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, Rome, - - 2014
In the phase 3 TENDER trial of tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), decreases in neutrophil count were commonly observed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether neutropenia was associated with increased risk for infection and to investigate variables associated with the development of ...
Hsu Vivian M VM From the *Division of Plastic Surgery and †Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, The Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
In the setting of recurrent infection and multiple failed reconstruction attempts, the choice of the ideal reconstructive material for salvage cranioplasty remains a source of controversy in the literature. The purpose of this study is to establish the safety and utility of antibiotic-impregnated polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) for salvage cranioplasty.A prospectively ...
Newman Erik T ET Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (E.T.N., T.S.W., J.S.L., J.M.J., S.S.W., D.E.A., and M.P.B.), Anesthesiology (S.A.G.), and Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (C.L.G.), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710. E-mail address for T.S. Watters: - - 2014
Patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty frequently receive blood transfusions. The relationship between transfusion and the risk of infection following total joint arthroplasty is unclear. In this study, we sought to examine the impact of allogeneic and autologous transfusion on the risk of acute infection following total hip and ...
Zheng Shuai S Department of Cardiac Surgery, Atrial Fibrillation Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation has been become an important strategy for treating atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesize that active GP is a predictor of AF recurrence after minimally invasive surgical AF ablation. Eighty-nine patients with symptomatic lone AF undergoing minimally invasive surgical pulmonary vein isolation combined with GP testing and ...
Ravi Bheeshma B University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Most of the evidence regarding complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are based on patients with osteoarthritis (OA); less is known about outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using a validated algorithm for identifying patients with RA, we undertook this study to compare the rates of ...
Ho Karen J KJ Northwestern Memorial Hospital, - - 2014
Hospital length of stay (LOS) contributes to costs. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is performed frequently by vascular surgeons, making contemporary CEA LOS rates and predictors vital knowledge for quality evaluation and cost containment initiatives. Using a prospective single-institution database, we retrospectively identified consecutive patients undergoing CEA from 2001 to 2011. Demographic ...
Picardo S L SL Department of Surgery, Trinity Center for Health Sciences, St. James's Hospital and Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Barrett's esophagus (BE) arising from chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux (GERD) is the main pathologic precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). The risk of progression to high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and EAC is unclear, and recent population studies from Denmark and Northern Ireland suggest that this has been overestimated in the past. No data ...
Uche E O EO Neurological Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, - - 2014
Background: To evaluate the determinants and outcomes of shunt infection (SI). Methods: One hundred ninety-eight pediatric hydrocephalic patients treated with a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt between January 2008 and August 2012 were retrospectively studied. Patients with SI were compared to those without SI in terms of the occurrence of risk factors ...
Edafe O O Department of Oncology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, - - 2014
Hypocalcaemia is common after thyroidectomy. Accurate prediction and appropriate management may help reduce morbidity and hospital stay. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of predictors of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia. A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library databases was undertaken, and ...
Kao Hsiang-Fong HF Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Yun-Lin Branch, Yun-Lin, Taiwan, - - 2014
To evaluate the preventive effects of topical skin disinfection with chlorhexidine on bloodstream infection (BSI) associated with totally implantable venous port (Port-A). Two consecutive cohorts of solid cancer patients were prospectively followed for the occurrence of Port-A associated BSI (PABSI). The first cohort used povidone-iodine as topical skin disinfection and ...
Rah Marjorie J MJ Bausch & Lomb Incorporated, Rochester, NY, - - 2014
To evaluate whether the use of Biotrue multipurpose solution (MPS) could significantly reduce the likelihood with which patients drop out of using daily wear contact lenses (CLs) amongst 18-44-year-old frequent replacement CL wearers. Daily wear CL subjects habitually using MPSs (other than Biotrue MPS) who reported an intent to imminently ...
De Boer Christopher C Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Drive, Durham, NC 27710, USA ; University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, 375 Newton Road, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2014
In low- and middle-income countries, the association between delay to treatment and prognosis for Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) patients is yet to be studied. This is a prospective study of HIV-infected adults with histologically-confirmed KS treated at the Uganda Cancer Institute (UCI). Standardized interviews were conducted in English or Luganda. Medical ...
Kaggwa S S Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, - - 2014
Purpose. Although the use of buccal mucosa in substitution urethroplasty has been practiced for some years, it has not been free of controversy over which surgical technique is the most appropriate to use. There is paucity of data in Sub-Saharan Africa about its success; this study presents the outcomes of ...
Abel E Jason EJ Department of Urology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 1685 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53705-2281, USA. - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of operative time on the risk of symptomatic venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) in patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). We reviewed the records of all patients at our institution who underwent RARP by a single surgeon from January 2007 until April 2011. Clinical and pathologic information ...
Thomas Gareth R - - 2014
Adalimumab is an effective treatment for Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to describe the early patterns of use, efficacy and response to adalimumab in four regions of New Zealand. Prospectively collected CDAI data were used to examine adalimumab continuation rates in CD patients. Reasons for adalimumab cessation were determined and ...
Oresanya Lawrence L Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2013
Even in the setting of duplex ultrasound (DUS) surveillance, a significant number of lower extremity vein bypass grafts (LEVBGs) become occluded as a first event. We sought to identify factors that may contribute to these primary occlusions. This was a retrospective analysis of the Project of Ex Vivo Graft Engineering ...
Mazur Piotr P Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2013
Routine coagulation tests and bleed-scores fail to identify patients at risk of excessive postoperative drainage following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We sought to investigate whether lower von Willebrand factor (VWF) and higher ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) are associated with a ...
Dorweiler Bernhard B Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center, Johannes-Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
To analyze early and late mortality, venous morbidity, reinfection, and freedom from reintervention after using the femoral vein (FV) for vascular reconstruction with infection of the aortoiliofemoral axis. By reviewing our database, 86 patients could be identified with implantation of FV grafts in infected fields between November 1995 and July ...
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