Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1548
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Cheng You - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effects of intranasal corticosteroids on the focal bacterial colonization and mucosal histomorphological changes in experimental acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis in rabbits. METHODS: Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis was induced in 48 rabbits. They were divided into 4 groups: antibiotic group (group A), antibiotic and corticosteroid combination ...
Sawair Faleh A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) in a Jordanian population, and to evaluate the sociodemographic factors affecting this behaviour. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 477 patients aged 16-65 years attending the Department of Dentistry, University of Jordan Hospital. Socio-demographic data were collected and ...
Schussler Olivier - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The recommended antibiotic prophylaxis by second-generation cephalosporins reduces the incidence of wound infection and empyema, but its effectiveness on postoperative pneumonias (POPs) after major lung resection lacks demonstration. We investigated risk factors and characteristics of POPs occurring when antibiotic prophylaxis by second-generation cephalosporin or an alternative prophylaxis targeting organisms ...
Ziaee Seyed Amirmohsen - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the types of bacteria raising body temperature after a percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 120 patients who underwent PCNL at Labbafinejad Medical Center between March and July 2006. Each patient had proven negative urine ...
Calderaro Daniela - - 2008
The association between spondylodiscitis and endocarditis was first reported in 1965 by de Sèze et al. The most common clinical picture of this association is musculoskeletal symptoms preceding endocarditis diagnosis, but we report here a case of spondylodiscitis complicating endocarditis in its late course. A 70-year-old man, with an established ...
Schroeder S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Adequate indication and duration of administration are central issues of modern antibiotic treatment in intensive care medicine. The biochemical variable procalcitonin (PCT) is known to indicate systemically relevant bacterial infections with high accuracy. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinical usefulness of PCT for guiding antibiotic ...
Song Laijun - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of brain abscess in patients in central China. Ninety consecutive patients with brain abscess were studied retrospectively. The rate of positive bacterial culture in the present series was 12%. The outcome of superficial abscesses was better than ...
Ridgway P F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of hospitalization for left iliac fossa tenderness, there is a striking lack of randomized data available to guide therapy. The authors hypothesize that an oral antibiotic and fluids are not inferior to intravenous (IV) antibiotics and 'bowel rest' in clinically diagnosed acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. METHOD: ...
Ramos Guillermo - - 2008
Skin autograft is the most important definitive treatment for acute-deep burns. Wound infection is the most important cause of autograft loss. Prior clinical studies have not shown any significant difference in the autograft survival rate and the use of perioperative systemic antibiotics. Their study assesses the potential benefit of systemic ...
Kutlay M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Despite the use of antibiotics, the management of postoperative discitis (POD) still presents a challenge. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy on the duration of antibiotic treatment. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2004, 22 patients diagnosed with POD were treated with antibiotic ...
Gasparini Juliano Rodrigues JR Rede SARAH de Hospitais de Reabilitação, Belo Horizonte, MG. - - 2008
The importance of postoperative analgesia has increased over the years. Plexular catheters represent a good option for high quality analgesia with reduced systemic repercussions. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of side effects and complications in postoperative analgesia with plexular catheters and identify risk factors ...
Hong Hsu-Shan - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of the clinical results of conservative treatment of patients with acute postoperative deep spinal infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of antibiotic only treatment of postoperative deep spinal infection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Traditionally, aggressive surgical treatment combined with antibiotics has been viewed as the ...
Kritchevsky Stephen B - - 2008
Quality improvement collaboratives are used to improve health care quality, but their efficacy remains controversial. To assess the effects of a quality improvement collaborative on preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis. Longitudinal cluster randomized trial, with the quality improvement collaborative as the intervention. United States. 44 acute care hospitals, each of which randomly ...
McGowan B - - 2008
The aim of the study was to identify outpatient antibiotic consumption between Jan 2000 and Dec 2005 through analysis of the HSE-Primary Care Reimbursement Services (PCRS) database as part of the Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance in Ireland (SARI) project. Total antibiotic consumption on the PCRS scheme between January 2000 and ...
Wang Y - - 2009
A retrospective review of 18 patients treated for Boerhaave's syndrome in our center from 1954 to 2006 was undertaken. The patients were divided into two groups: group 1, the time delayed before treatment was less than 24 hours; group 2, the time delayed was more than 24 hours. The time ...
Bai Yu - - 2008
OBJECTIVES:: To determine the prophylactic effect of antibiotics on post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) cholangitis or sepsis reduction in randomized controlled trials. METHODS:: Databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Science Citation Index updated to June 2007 were searched. Main outcome measure was post-ERCP cholangitis or sepsis. RESULTS:: Seven trials were ...
Nickerson Stephen C - - 2009
Initial studies in Louisiana, USA to determine the prevalence of mastitis in breeding age dairy heifers demonstrated that intramammary infections (IMIs) were present in 97% of heifers and 75% of quarters. Most common isolates were Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus hyicus, and Staphylococcus chromogenes; somatic cell counts (SCCs) ranged from 12.4 to ...
Webster Guy F - - 2008
Although topical therapies alone can be very effective for milder acne, there are often cases for which oral antibiotics are needed to control disease. Through both antibacterial and antiinflammatory effects, oral antibiotics in combination with other drugs such as retinoids and benzoyl peroxide can be highly effective in the treatment ...
Lovato, Christine
Purpose: To determine whether or not an extended regimen of prophylactic antibiotics following either open or closed reduction of mandibular fractures is beneficial in lowering the rate of infection in post-operative patients. Patients and Methods: This study is a retrospective chart review of 150 patients treated operatively for both complicated ...
Tong Darryl - - 2008
AIM: To describe current clinical practice among specialist orthopaedic surgeons in New Zealand in their recommendations regarding antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with prosthetic joints who undergo invasive dental treatment. METHODS: Data was collected from a single wave postal survey of all practicing orthopaedic surgeons in New Zealand. Literature review was ...
Finstad Kody - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of neuralgic amyotrophy associated with antibiotic therapy. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old male with cystic fibrosis had been nonadherent to treatment for 4 years; when he returned to the clinic with symptoms, his forced expiratory volume in 1 second dropped from 84% predicted to 43% predicted. ...
Lazzarini L - - 2008
We carried out a prospective observational study on clinical features of bacterial meningitis. Between October 2002 and June 2005, 322 adult bacterial meningitis cases in 49 infectious disease wards in Italy (MENTORE study group) were enrolled in the study. 133 cases were due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, 44 to Neisseria meningitidis ...
Matsushima Asako - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the major complications in the intensive care unit. VAP sometimes results in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and the associated mortality is high. We hypothesized that preemptive antibiotic therapy based on results of bedside gram staining would reduce the incidence of VAP. METHODS: ...
Whyte Christine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In nonoperative management of perforated appendicitis, some children do not respond to treatment. This study sought early identifiers of failure to help in surgical decision making. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with computed tomographic (CT)-proven perforated appendicitis were treated according to a nonoperative protocol. Patients who recovered were considered "successes;" those ...
Kibadi, K.
This article presents follow-up data from the first patient in whom Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (MUI) was documented by PCR, genotyping and culture in the Republic of Congo-Brazzaville. Findings show the importance of regular clinical and microbiological evaluation for the disseminated form of the disease. The patient was probably infected in ...
Kurt Beth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether antibiotic prophylaxis during periods of neutropenia reduced streptococcal (S. viridans) sepsis and overall bacterial sepsis. METHODS: The authors reviewed outcomes of 78 evaluable patients who were consecutively treated for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) from October 2002 through January 2007. Several ...
Parvin R - - 2008
A 16-month-old emaciated, immunized child presented with low-grade fever and progressive kyphosis with a right sided para-vertebral abscess for 9 months. During this period of illness the child had marked loss of appetite and progressive weight loss. There was history of contact with sputum smear positive father. A gibbus was ...
LaForce Craig - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study assessed the efficacy and safety of guaifenesin 600 mg and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride 60 mg extended-release bilayer tablets in providing relief of acute respiratory symptoms when used as an adjunct to antibiotics in patients with an acute respiratory infection (ARI). METHODS: Adult patients experiencing symptoms of ARI and ...
Kameno Mami - - 2008
We reported an 83-year-old woman, who suffered from bacterial meningitis and subsequent vasculitis. She experienced episodes of loss of consciousness several times in July, 2006. She also had recurrent fever and was admitted to a local hospital. Routine examinations, including brain MRI and electroencephalogram, were negative and urinary tract infection ...
Doron Shira Idit SI Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2008
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) occurs in approximately 25% of patients receiving antibiotics. Hospitalized patients with AAD are at increased risk for nosocomial infections and have a higher mortality. Probiotics are living microorganisms used to restore gut health by changing the intestinal microbiota. Several have been studied for the prevention of AAD. ...
Takada Kazuto - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is a rare disorder that usually occurs in young individuals and has a self-limiting course and no recurrence in most cases. But actually in many cases, patients are undergo some examinations or some limitations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics ...
Granath Anna - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish if otorrhea associated to tympanostomy tubes in infants suffering from recurrent acute otitis media is similar to acute otitis media, and if topical treatment alone is sufficient or if addition of systemic antibiotics is required. METHODS: Children under 3 years of age with tympanostomy tubes due to ...
Livorsi Daniel J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis is caused predominantly by Staphylococcus aureus. The rise in incidence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has complicated the treatment of this infection. Our objective was to evaluate therapeutic outcomes for S. aureus vertebral osteomyelitis in a setting of high MRSA prevalence. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective ...
Criddle Michael W - - 2008
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a major cause of morbidity in the pediatric population and a difficult entity to treat with a poorly defined pathophysiology and diagnostic criteria. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has proven to be effective for these patients, but concerns remain regarding its possible interference with facial growth. ...
Buising K L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Antibiotic stewardship is important, but the ideal strategy for providing stewardship in a hospital setting is unknown. A practical, sustainable and transferable strategy is needed. This study evaluates the impact of a novel computerized antimicrobial approval system on antibiotic-prescribing behaviour in a hospital. Effects on drug consumption, antibiotic resistance ...
Edelsberg John - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Initial antibiotic therapy in hospitalized adults with complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) usually is empiric. We explored the economic consequences of failure of such therapy in this patient population. METHODS: Using a large U.S. multi-institutional database, we identified all hospitalized adults admitted between April 1, 2003, and March 31, 2004; ...
Duggal Neena - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether prophylactic antibiotics at the time of repair of third- or fourth-degree perineal tears after vaginal delivery prevent wound infection and breakdown. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Patients who sustained third- or fourth-degree perineal tears after a vaginal delivery were recruited for the study. ...
Sáenz de Pipaón Marcos Miguel - - 2008
The aim of this study was to correlate the clinical course of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) with infection by coagulase-negative Staphylococcus at the onset of the illness. Records of all newborn infants developing NEC between January 1998 and December 2001 were reviewed. NEC was classified according to the criteria of Bell ...
Berjohn Catherine M - - 2008
Delayed time to antibiotic administration has been linked with higher mortality for patients with community-acquired pneumonia, but the impact of antibiotic resistance on clinical outcomes has been controversial. In the current study we assess the combined impact of antibiotic resistance and antibiotic timing on outcomes, including inhospital mortality, complications, length ...
Yang Gaby - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Nail avulsion plus chemical matrixectomy (CM) using NaOH as an alternative to surgical matrixectomy (SM) has recently been used in the treatment of ingrown toenails (IGTNs) in adults. No studies exist to dictate the most effective and safe treatment method in the pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective review of ...
Aswathaman Karthikeyan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prognostic factors, assess the outcome of conservative management, and modify the existing radiologic classification of emphysematous pyelonephritis. METHODS: Forty-one consecutive patients diagnosed with emphysematous pyelonephritis between January 2001 and February 2007 were studied retrospectively. On the basis of computerized tomographic scan they were grouped into four ...
Ng Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of treating postpneumonectomy empyema (PPE) with debridement followed by continuous antibiotic irrigation for pneumonectomy space sterilization. STUDY DESIGN: All patients presenting with PPE were evaluated. Patients with bronchopleural fistula (BPF) underwent thoracotomy for fistula closure and debridement. Patients without ...
Soriano Alex - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is no clinical trial analyzing the best moment to infuse an antibiotic during knee arthroplasty performed during ischemia. We designed a single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate whether antibiotic therapy should be administered before tourniquet inflation or just before tourniquet deflation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who underwent ...
Shastri Yogesh M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Peristomal infections are the most common complications of PEG, despite prophylactic antibiotics. The "introducer" PEG-placement technique avoids the sojourn of a PEG catheter through the oropharynx, and hence minimizes the chances of infectious complications. Despite the obvious potential advantage, this technique failed to gain popularity, mainly as a result ...
Siracusano S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES. To define the incidence rate of urinary tract infections (UTI) and the usefulness of antibiotic prophylaxis in postmenopausal female undergoing invasive urodynamics (IU). METHODS. 262 postmenopausal females underwent IU, being previously double-blindly randomized in 2 homogenous age-matched groups. Group 1 (130 patients) received oral antibiotic prophylaxis with a single ...
Incorvaia Cristoforo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Hospital Acquired Pneumonia (HAP) varies according to the setting. It is estimated to be approximately 0.5% to 1% in hospitalized subjects but higher in mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care units. The incidence of HAP in a pulmonary rehabilitation unit has not been investigated. MATERIAL/METHODS: Patients ...
Cantwell Colin P - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis on the postprocedural infection rate after fluoroscopically guided percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy and gastrojejunostomy with gastropexy performed as an outpatient procedure in ambulatory patients with head and neck cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical and imaging records of all outpatients with head and neck ...
Angelberger Sieglinde - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The Crohn's disease (CD) susceptibility gene, nucleotide-binding oligomerizetion domain 2 (NOD2)/caspase recruitment domain 15 (CARD15), is linked to the innate immune response associated with altered epithelial bacterial defense. Its relevance in antibiotic therapy of perianal fistulating CD remains elusive. The aim of the study was to explore systematically the ...
Yuan Ting - - 2008
Chronic osteomyelitis is a serious problem in developing countries. A lot of patients with chronic osteomyelitis have to be treated for a very long period and get several operations including complete debridement, antibiotic bead implant, bone grafts, etc. However, traditional methods seem to be ineffective in some patients, who always ...
Duggal Prahlad - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of this study is to analyze the success rate of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy as treatment modality for acute dacryocystitis complicated by abscess formation. METHODS: A total of 11 patients presenting with acute dacryocystitis with abscess formation during the period from April 2003 to December 2005 were treated with ...
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