Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1569
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Shinozuka Yasunori - - 2009
The objective of this field study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of mammary irrigation for the treatment of dairy cattle diagnosed with acute coliform mastitis caused by gram-negative bacteria. Additionally, the effects of different mammary irrigation regimen fluids such as ozone water and normal saline were compared. Dairy cattle ...
Basu Sriparna - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the effective dose of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) as probiotic in acute watery diarrhea (AWD) in Indian children. SETTING: Hospital-based study. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, blinded trial. METHODS: All patients of AWD admitted over 1 year were included in the study. They were randomized into 3 groups to ...
Morris A Conway - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The optimal method for diagnosing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is controversial and its effect on reported incidence uncertain. This study aimed to model the impact of using either endotracheal aspirate or bronchoalveolar lavage on the reported incidence of pneumonia and then to test effects suggested from theoretical modelling in clinical ...
Venmans L M A J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in incidence and in antibiotic prescription rates for infections of the lower respiratory tract (LRTI) and urinary tract (UTI) in patients with diabetes (DM) over the years 1995 to 2003. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study as part of the University Medical Center Utrecht General ...
Schuster Kevin M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Burn cellulitis is an infection of the unburned skin at the margin of a burn wound or graft donor site, typically caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus. beta-Lactam antibiotics exhibit time-dependent killing and, because of their narrow spectrum, minimize bacterial resistance. We therefore use continuous-infusion oxacillin ...
Sontineni Siva Prasad - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Septic thrombosis of the right atrium is an unusual complication associated with the use of indwelling devices. The optimal management of this condition is unclear. Our experience with a patient with hemodialysis catheter-related septic thrombosis of the right atrium illustrates the difficulties associated with this condition. OBJECTIVES: To determine ...
Limeres Jacobo - - 2009
PURPOSE: To analyze the impact of the postoperative administration of moxifloxacin (MXF) on oral function and quality of life after third molar (TM) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center, prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was designed. The study population consisted of 100 patients who underwent impacted TM extractions. Patients ...
Kaier Klaus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the temporal relationship between the consumption of different antibiotics, alcohol-based hand disinfection and the incidence of nosocomial bacterial strains producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs). METHODS: Time-series analysis was performed based on monthly data available from January 2005 to October 2007. The incidence ...
Charles Pierre Emmanuel - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Management of the early stage of sepsis is a critical issue. As part of it, infection control including appropriate antibiotic therapy administration should be prompt. However, microbiological findings, if any, are generally obtained late during the course of the disease. The potential interest of procalcitonin (PCT) as a way ...
Metsvaht Tuuli - - 2009
BACKGROUND: About 10-20% of neonates with suspected or proven early onset sepsis (EOS) fail on the empiric antibiotic regimen of ampicillin or penicillin and gentamicin. We aimed to identify clinical and laboratory markers associated with empiric antibiotic treatment failure in neonates with suspected EOS. METHODS: Maternal and early neonatal characteristics ...
Morken Mette Helvik - - 2009
OBJECTIVE. Intestinal infection with Giardia lamblia may lead to therapy-resistant, long-lasting post-giardiasis irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We report two open pilot studies aiming to treat this condition, using either antibiotics or bacterio-therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Twenty-eight patients with persistent abdominal symptoms, following clearance of G. lamblia infection, were investigated. Eighteen ...
Assmann Gunter - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The acronym SAPHO was introduced in 1987 to unify the various descriptions of a seronegative arthritis associated with skin manifestations and to show synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis with and without sterile multifocal osteomyelitis. The etiology of SAPHO syndrome is unknown, but an association with infection by semipathogenic ...
von Stechow Dietrich - - 2009
Degradable composites of calcium sulphate and nanoparticulate hydroxyapatite (PerOssal) have shown promising results in vitro. Here we investigated the handling, efficacy and compatibility of PerOssal when loaded with gentamicin or vancomycin in 19 patients with spondylodiscitis in vivo. So far, 12 patients who were followed up over at least 1 ...
Pandey A - - 2009
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a serious infection of soft tissues. This paper presents experience with pediatric NF and suitability of conservative surgery in its management. In this retrospective study, 70 patients of NF were managed during the study period of eight years. The study was divided into two time periods- ...
Hochreiter Marcel - - 2009
The development of resistance by bacterial species is a compelling issue to reconsider indications and administration of antibiotic treatment. Adequate indications and duration of therapy are particularly important for the use of highly potent substances in the intensive care setting. Until recently, no laboratory marker has been available to differentiate ...
Liberati Alessandro - - 2009
Pneumonia is an important cause of mortality in intensive care units (ICUs). The incidence of pneumonia in ICU patients ranges between 7% and 40%, and the crude mortality from ventilator-associated pneumonia may exceed 50%. Although not all deaths in patients with this form of pneumonia are directly attributable to pneumonia, ...
Nelson Richard L RL Department of General Surgery, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield, Yorkshire, UK, S5 7AU. - - 2009
Research shows that administration of prophylactic antibiotics before colorectal surgery prevents postoperative surgical wound infection (SWI). The best antibiotic choice, timing of administration and route of administration remain undetermined. To establish the effectiveness of antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of SWI in patients undergoing colorectal surgery: specifically to determine, 1 ...
Mut Melike M Hacettepe University, Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2009
Aspiration of the abscess cavity versus excision of capsule are still in debate for the capsulated, large, superficially located abscesses. Twenty patients who had large, solitary, capsulated, and superficially located lobar abscesses were analyzed retrospectively to compare the efficiency of two different surgical approaches and their impact on postoperative antibiotic ...
Ohtori Seiji - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study of differing durations of antibiotics for spinal surgery. OBJECTIVE: To compare rate of infection, duration of hospital stay, days until normal body temperature, and a panel of blood tests after surgery between long-term and short-term administration of antibiotics for spinal surgery using instrumentation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND ...
Baldursdóttir Eyrún - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study aimed to study the incidence and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with actinomycotic canaliculitis in Iceland. METHODS: We present a nationwide, retrospective case series for which cases were identified by searches of hospital diagnostic registries and pathology databases. Case histories were reviewed and histopathological analysis repeated to ...
Cheng You - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effects of intranasal corticosteroids on the focal bacterial colonization and mucosal histomorphological changes in experimental acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis in rabbits. METHODS: Acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis was induced in 48 rabbits. They were divided into 4 groups: antibiotic group (group A), antibiotic and corticosteroid combination ...
Sawair Faleh A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) in a Jordanian population, and to evaluate the sociodemographic factors affecting this behaviour. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 477 patients aged 16-65 years attending the Department of Dentistry, University of Jordan Hospital. Socio-demographic data were collected and ...
Schussler Olivier - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The recommended antibiotic prophylaxis by second-generation cephalosporins reduces the incidence of wound infection and empyema, but its effectiveness on postoperative pneumonias (POPs) after major lung resection lacks demonstration. We investigated risk factors and characteristics of POPs occurring when antibiotic prophylaxis by second-generation cephalosporin or an alternative prophylaxis targeting organisms ...
Ziaee Seyed Amirmohsen - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the types of bacteria raising body temperature after a percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 120 patients who underwent PCNL at Labbafinejad Medical Center between March and July 2006. Each patient had proven negative urine ...
Calderaro Daniela - - 2008
The association between spondylodiscitis and endocarditis was first reported in 1965 by de Sèze et al. The most common clinical picture of this association is musculoskeletal symptoms preceding endocarditis diagnosis, but we report here a case of spondylodiscitis complicating endocarditis in its late course. A 70-year-old man, with an established ...
Schroeder S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Adequate indication and duration of administration are central issues of modern antibiotic treatment in intensive care medicine. The biochemical variable procalcitonin (PCT) is known to indicate systemically relevant bacterial infections with high accuracy. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinical usefulness of PCT for guiding antibiotic ...
Song Laijun - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of brain abscess in patients in central China. Ninety consecutive patients with brain abscess were studied retrospectively. The rate of positive bacterial culture in the present series was 12%. The outcome of superficial abscesses was better than ...
Ridgway P F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of hospitalization for left iliac fossa tenderness, there is a striking lack of randomized data available to guide therapy. The authors hypothesize that an oral antibiotic and fluids are not inferior to intravenous (IV) antibiotics and 'bowel rest' in clinically diagnosed acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. METHOD: ...
Ramos Guillermo - - 2008
Skin autograft is the most important definitive treatment for acute-deep burns. Wound infection is the most important cause of autograft loss. Prior clinical studies have not shown any significant difference in the autograft survival rate and the use of perioperative systemic antibiotics. Their study assesses the potential benefit of systemic ...
Kutlay M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Despite the use of antibiotics, the management of postoperative discitis (POD) still presents a challenge. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy on the duration of antibiotic treatment. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2004, 22 patients diagnosed with POD were treated with antibiotic ...
Gasparini Juliano Rodrigues JR Rede SARAH de Hospitais de Reabilitação, Belo Horizonte, MG. - - 2008
The importance of postoperative analgesia has increased over the years. Plexular catheters represent a good option for high quality analgesia with reduced systemic repercussions. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of side effects and complications in postoperative analgesia with plexular catheters and identify risk factors ...
Hong Hsu-Shan - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of the clinical results of conservative treatment of patients with acute postoperative deep spinal infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of antibiotic only treatment of postoperative deep spinal infection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Traditionally, aggressive surgical treatment combined with antibiotics has been viewed as the ...
Kritchevsky Stephen B - - 2008
Quality improvement collaboratives are used to improve health care quality, but their efficacy remains controversial. To assess the effects of a quality improvement collaborative on preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis. Longitudinal cluster randomized trial, with the quality improvement collaborative as the intervention. United States. 44 acute care hospitals, each of which randomly ...
McGowan B - - 2008
The aim of the study was to identify outpatient antibiotic consumption between Jan 2000 and Dec 2005 through analysis of the HSE-Primary Care Reimbursement Services (PCRS) database as part of the Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance in Ireland (SARI) project. Total antibiotic consumption on the PCRS scheme between January 2000 and ...
Wang Y - - 2009
A retrospective review of 18 patients treated for Boerhaave's syndrome in our center from 1954 to 2006 was undertaken. The patients were divided into two groups: group 1, the time delayed before treatment was less than 24 hours; group 2, the time delayed was more than 24 hours. The time ...
Bai Yu - - 2008
OBJECTIVES:: To determine the prophylactic effect of antibiotics on post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) cholangitis or sepsis reduction in randomized controlled trials. METHODS:: Databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Science Citation Index updated to June 2007 were searched. Main outcome measure was post-ERCP cholangitis or sepsis. RESULTS:: Seven trials were ...
Nickerson Stephen C - - 2009
Initial studies in Louisiana, USA to determine the prevalence of mastitis in breeding age dairy heifers demonstrated that intramammary infections (IMIs) were present in 97% of heifers and 75% of quarters. Most common isolates were Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus hyicus, and Staphylococcus chromogenes; somatic cell counts (SCCs) ranged from 12.4 to ...
Webster Guy F - - 2008
Although topical therapies alone can be very effective for milder acne, there are often cases for which oral antibiotics are needed to control disease. Through both antibacterial and antiinflammatory effects, oral antibiotics in combination with other drugs such as retinoids and benzoyl peroxide can be highly effective in the treatment ...
Lovato, Christine
Purpose: To determine whether or not an extended regimen of prophylactic antibiotics following either open or closed reduction of mandibular fractures is beneficial in lowering the rate of infection in post-operative patients. Patients and Methods: This study is a retrospective chart review of 150 patients treated operatively for both complicated ...
Tong Darryl - - 2008
AIM: To describe current clinical practice among specialist orthopaedic surgeons in New Zealand in their recommendations regarding antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with prosthetic joints who undergo invasive dental treatment. METHODS: Data was collected from a single wave postal survey of all practicing orthopaedic surgeons in New Zealand. Literature review was ...
Finstad Kody - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of neuralgic amyotrophy associated with antibiotic therapy. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old male with cystic fibrosis had been nonadherent to treatment for 4 years; when he returned to the clinic with symptoms, his forced expiratory volume in 1 second dropped from 84% predicted to 43% predicted. ...
Lazzarini L - - 2008
We carried out a prospective observational study on clinical features of bacterial meningitis. Between October 2002 and June 2005, 322 adult bacterial meningitis cases in 49 infectious disease wards in Italy (MENTORE study group) were enrolled in the study. 133 cases were due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, 44 to Neisseria meningitidis ...
Matsushima Asako - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the major complications in the intensive care unit. VAP sometimes results in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and the associated mortality is high. We hypothesized that preemptive antibiotic therapy based on results of bedside gram staining would reduce the incidence of VAP. METHODS: ...
Whyte Christine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In nonoperative management of perforated appendicitis, some children do not respond to treatment. This study sought early identifiers of failure to help in surgical decision making. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with computed tomographic (CT)-proven perforated appendicitis were treated according to a nonoperative protocol. Patients who recovered were considered "successes;" those ...
Kibadi, K.
This article presents follow-up data from the first patient in whom Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (MUI) was documented by PCR, genotyping and culture in the Republic of Congo-Brazzaville. Findings show the importance of regular clinical and microbiological evaluation for the disseminated form of the disease. The patient was probably infected in ...
Kurt Beth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether antibiotic prophylaxis during periods of neutropenia reduced streptococcal (S. viridans) sepsis and overall bacterial sepsis. METHODS: The authors reviewed outcomes of 78 evaluable patients who were consecutively treated for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) from October 2002 through January 2007. Several ...
Parvin R - - 2008
A 16-month-old emaciated, immunized child presented with low-grade fever and progressive kyphosis with a right sided para-vertebral abscess for 9 months. During this period of illness the child had marked loss of appetite and progressive weight loss. There was history of contact with sputum smear positive father. A gibbus was ...
Kameno Mami - - 2008
We reported an 83-year-old woman, who suffered from bacterial meningitis and subsequent vasculitis. She experienced episodes of loss of consciousness several times in July, 2006. She also had recurrent fever and was admitted to a local hospital. Routine examinations, including brain MRI and electroencephalogram, were negative and urinary tract infection ...
Doron Shira Idit SI Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2008
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) occurs in approximately 25% of patients receiving antibiotics. Hospitalized patients with AAD are at increased risk for nosocomial infections and have a higher mortality. Probiotics are living microorganisms used to restore gut health by changing the intestinal microbiota. Several have been studied for the prevention of AAD. ...
LaForce Craig C North Carolina Clinical Research Inc., Raleigh, NC, - - 2008
This study assessed the efficacy and safety of guaifenesin 600 mg and pseudoephedrine hydrochloride 60 mg extended-release bilayer tablets in providing relief of acute respiratory symptoms when used as an adjunct to antibiotics in patients with an acute respiratory infection (ARI). Adult patients experiencing symptoms of ARI and meeting the ...
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