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Ye Carrie - - 2013
Asymptomatic bacteriuria(ASB) is a risk factor for UTIs in many patients without liver disease. It remains unclear whether a diagnosis of ASB in an outpatient with cirrhosis could be utilized to predict the subsequent development of a UTI AIMS: We undertook this study to determine the prevalence and incidence of ...
Christensen Christian P - - 2013
Assessments of the synovial fluid white blood-cell (WBC) count and percentage of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) have been reported to be useful in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection. The purpose of this multicenter retrospective study was to evaluate the natural progression of the synovial fluid WBC count, PMN percentage, and ...
Brennhovd Bjørn B Department of - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) has increasingly become a treatment alternative for patients with high-risk prostate cancer. Few papers focus on the prevalence of operative and short-term postoperative (<30 days) adverse events associated with RALP in high-risk patients. The objective of this study was to study such events in ...
González López J L JL Materials Resources Coordination, Hospital Clínico 'San Carlos', Madrid, Spain; Nursing Department, Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico 'San Carlos' (IdISSC), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Catheter-related infections (CRIs) caused by peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) are an increasingly common iatrogenic complication. To prevent this, recommended timelines for routine replacement of PIVCs have increased from 48h to 72h and subsequently to 96h, despite a lack of supporting scientific evidence. To compare closed-system (COS) PIVCs with open-system (MOS) ...
Patel Harshad Shankarlal HS Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, GMERS Medical College , Sola, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India - - 2013
Anal fissure causes significant morbidity in the population. It is proposed that elevated sphincter pressures may cause ischaemia of the anal lining and this may be responsible for the pain of anal fissures and their failure to heal. When pharmacologic therapy fails or fissures recur frequently, lateral internal sphincterotomy is ...
Ravi Bheeshma - - 2013
Background and objectives: Most of the evidence regarding complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are based on patients with osteoarthritis (OA); less is known about outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using a validated algorithm for identifying individuals with RA, we compared the rates of complications ...
Mariotti C C Università Politecnica delle Marche, Clinica Oculistica, Ancona, - - 2014
To report on the long-term outcomes and risk factors for failure with the EX-PRESS shunt implanted under a scleral flap. Eye Department, University of Ancona, Ancona, Italy and the Oxford Eye Center, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. The medical records of glaucoma patients who underwent consecutive EX-PRESS implantations under ...
Mano Roy - - 2013
Orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion is associated with a high rate of infectious complications, especially in the early postoperative period. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence, associated pathogens, and predictors of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with an orthotopic neobladder. The medical records of 79 ...
Siribumrungwong Boonying - - 2013
Delayed primary (DPC) and primary (PC) wound closures have been applied in ruptured appendicitis, but results were controversial. This study aims at comparing the rate of superficial surgical site infection (SSI) in ruptured appendicitis between DPC and PC. A retrospective cohort of ruptured appendicitis was conducted between October 2006 and ...
Mourad Waleed F - - 2013
Aim: To report long-term outcomes for HIV-positive patients who underwent radiation therapy (RT) for benign lymphoepithelial cysts (BLEC) of the parotid glands. In this single institution retrospective study of HIV-associated BLEC of the parotids, the medical records of 37 HIV-positive patients who were treated with RT between 1987-2012 were reviewed. ...
Chiang Andrew S AS Department of Radiation Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2013
This retrospective review compares prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling time (DT) prior to the initiation of a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor (pre-5-ARI) to after the PSA nadir (post-nadir) has been reached for patients on active surveillance for favourable-risk prostate cancer. Between 1996 and 2010, a total of 100 men with a history of ...
Shin Sang Do - - 2013
It is unclear whether the scene time interval (STI) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) or not. A retrospective analysis based on two large population-based cohorts was performed for witnessed adult OHCA with presumed cardiac etiology from Seoul (2008-2010) and Osaka (2007-2009). The ...
Nikfarjam Mehrdad - - 2013
Surgical site infections (SSI) are a significant cause of postoperative morbidity. Pressurized pulse irrigation of subcutaneous tissues may lower infection rates by aiding in the debridement of necrotic tissue and reducing bacterial counts compared to simply pouring saline into the wound. A total of 128 patients undergoing laparotomy extending beyond ...
Demirkale Ismail - - 2013
This retrospective study enrolled 526 patients undergoing bilateral total knee arthroplasties at our institution. In nondrainage group (Group 1) of 255 patients (510 knees), a disposable elastic sterile exsanguination tourniquet (HemaClear), wound closure in layers and Jones Bandage, without pre-tourniquet removal hemostasis or Hemovac drain were used. In drainage group ...
Galli Melissa M - - 2013
Silver hydrogel dressings are antimicrobial, nonadherent, and have an absorptive capacity many times their weight. Fifty-nine (49.44 ± 16.85 years) foot and ankle patients with incisions >1 cm were prospectively enrolled to compare infection, scarring, and complication rates between the postoperative use of a silver hydrogel sheet (SHS) dressing and ...
Zmistowski Benjamin - - 2013
There has been a major and alarming increase in readmission rates following total joint arthroplasty. With proposed changes in reimbursement policy, increased rates of unplanned readmission following arthroplasty will penalize providers. In particular, it has been proposed that specific complications-so-called "zero-tolerance" complications-are unacceptable and that their treatment will not qualify ...
Di Nardo Giovanni - - 2013
AIM:: to evaluate in patients with cystic fibrosis the effect of Lactobacillus Reuteri (LR) on the rate of respiratory exacerbations and of the infections of both upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study enrolling 61 CF patients with mild-to-moderate lung disease at Regional Center for CF of ...
Huang Huawei - - 2013
Cefepime is administered as an intermittent infusion (II); however, continuous infusion (CI) may be advantageous because β-lactam antibiotics exhibit time-dependent antibacterial activity. This retrospective, non-randomised, comparative study included 68 neurosurgical patients with post-operative intracranial infections treated with 4g/day cefepime over 24h as a CI (n=34) or 2g every 12h as ...
Burton Jessica - - 2013
Patients attending for sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV testing may be at continuing risk of infection and advised to return for retesting at a later date. To measure the impact of short message service (SMS) text reminders on the reattendance rates of patients who require repeat STI testing. Reattendance rates were ...
Kornej Jelena - - 2013
-There are limited data on the predictive value of stroke risk scores for thromboembolic events (TE) after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Our objectives were to report the incidence of TE after AF ablation in a large contemporary AF ablation cohort. -Using the Leipzig Heart Center AF Ablation Registry, ...
Matic P - - 2013
PurposeThe purpose of this study was to analyze clinical outcome of patients for femoropopliteal graft infection who were treated by in situ reconstruction with a silver-coated prosthesis.Basic methodsFrom December 2001 to December 2011, 27 patients were treated for femoropopliteal graft infection. Twenty patients (74%) were male and seven (26%) were ...
Klinger Andreas - - 2013
One of the major concerns in transsphenoidal surgery are infections because the approach to the pituitary includes a route of microbial colonization. To minimize the associated morbidity and mortality, a surveillance program is crucial to monitor for perioperative infections. For 1 year, we analysed body temperature (BT), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ...
Prudhon Jean-Louis - - 2013
The dual mobility cup introduced in France by Gilles Bousquet has been used in total hip replacement in high-risk patients. This device acts as a large ball implant and significantly reduces the risk of dislocation following hip arthroplasty. Published French literature has focused on low rates of dislocation and long-term ...
Koh In Jun - - 2013
Failure after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may be related to emerging technologies, surgical techniques, and changing patient demographics. Over the past decade, TKA use in Korea has increased substantially, and demographic trends have diverged from those of Western countries, but failure mechanisms in Korea have not been well studied. We ...
Wojciechowski David D Kidney Transplant Service, Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of California-San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2013
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common after kidney transplantation, with limited data to guide antibiotic prophylaxis. Retrospective single-center study comparing sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim 800/160 mg (SMZ/TMP) daily for 30 days followed by Monday, Wednesday, Friday for an additional 5 months (Group 1) versus SMZ/TMP Monday, Wednesday, Friday for 6 months plus ciprofloxacin ...
Ramanathan Michelle L - - 2013
The postoperative systemic inflammatory response, as evidenced by C-reactive protein (CRP) on days 3 and 4, has been reported to be associated with the development of infective complications following surgery for colorectal cancer. However, patients in enhanced recovery after surgery require earlier assessment at day 2, the peak CRP response ...
Lübbeke Anne - - 2013
Detailed assessment of activity before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA) including a long-term follow-up is lacking. Our objective was (1) to evaluate how patient's activity evolves: prior to disease onset, prior to THA, and at 5 and 10 years postoperative, and (2) to determine predictors of high activity 5 ...
Xin Yanzhong - - 2013
To identify risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) following lobectomy for a pulmonary malignant tumour. The outcomes of patients who underwent lobectomy from February 2005 to September 2010 were analysed with respect to the development of postoperative AF. Among 186 patients, 20 developed AF and these had significantly higher preoperative ...
Glaser Julia D - - 2013
Lower extremity amputation is often performed in patients where both lower extremities are at risk due to peripheral arterial disease or diabetes, yet the proportion of patients who progress to amputation of their contralateral limb is not well defined. We sought to determine the rate of subsequent amputation on both ...
Hovaguimian Frédérique F Division of Anesthesiology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2013
Intraoperative high inspired oxygen fraction (FIO2) is thought to reduce the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) and postoperative nausea and vomiting, and to promote postoperative atelectasis. The authors searched for randomized trials (till September 2012) comparing intraoperative high with normal FIO2 in adults undergoing surgery with general anesthesia and ...
Xie Zhongcong Z Geriatric Anesthesia Research Unit, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2013
Determination of biomarker and neuropathogenesis of postoperative cognitive change (POCC) or postoperative cognitive dysfunction. POCC is one of the most common postoperative complications in elderly patients. Whether preoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) β-amyloid protein (Aβ) to tau ratio, an Alzheimer disease biomarker, is a biomarker for risk of POCC remains unknown. ...
Abrams Geoffrey D - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Meniscus deficiency may lead to degenerative arthritis in the knee. There is a significant emphasis on meniscus preservation, particularly in the young patient, to reduce the risk of arthritis. PURPOSE:To report on the incidence of meniscus repair and meniscectomy, with and without concomitant anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, in the ...
Piccini Jonathan P - - 2013
Risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is high, yet the effectiveness of guideline-recommended preoperative prophylaxis in clinical practice remains uncertain. We determined the utilization and variation of preoperative AF prevention and assessed the comparative effectiveness of alternative drugs using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons multicenter ...
Jans Oivind - - 2013
Preoperative anemia has been associated with increased risk of allogeneic blood transfusion and postoperative morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of preoperative anemia and its association with postoperative outcomes has not previously been reported in relation to fast-track elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We aimed to ...
Agarwal Shikhar - - 2013
TAVR has emerged as an attractive alternative for treatment of severe aortic stenosis in high risk surgical patients. Despite several large multicenter registries, only one randomized trial (PARTNER) has been published. We aimed to compare the outcomes obtained using multicenter registries and the PARTNER trial. Standard MEDLINE search strategy was ...
Mauck K F KF Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
The incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) after knee arthroscopy is uncertain. To estimate the incidence of symptomatic VTE after arthroscopic knee surgery. In a population-based historical cohort study, all Olmsted County, MN, USA, residents undergoing a first arthroscopic knee surgery during the 18-year period of 1988-2005 were followed for ...
Zhao Hong-Chuan HC Department of General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230022, Anhui Province, China. - - 2013
To assess endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation (EPBD) and endoscopic sphincteropapillotomy (EST) for common bile duct (CBD) stone removal using a meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials published from 1990 to 2012 comparing EPBD with EST for CBD stone removal were evaluated. This meta-analysis was performed to estimate short-term and long-term complications of ...
Claessen K M J A - - 2013
Arthropathy is an invalidating complication of acromegaly, also in long-term controlled patients, and is radiographically characterized by osteophytes and preserved joint spaces. However, joint space narrowing (JSN) is observed in the minority of patients. It is unknown whether JSN is the end-stage of acromegalic arthropathy or whether this feature develops ...
Wasserstein David - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Factors contributing to recurrent dislocation, revision stabilization, and complications requiring reoperation after an initial shoulder stabilization procedure for instability have not been evaluated on a population level. PURPOSE:(1) To define the rate of ipsilateral revision stabilization, contralateral primary stabilization, postoperative dislocation, and complications after primary shoulder stabilization in a population ...
Zilberman Dimitry - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine if genital tract colonization with GBS at the time of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) affects the latency period. Study Design: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all gravidas admitted with PPROM between 23 and 34 weeks of gestation from January 1, 2005 through ...
Assoumou Lambert - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Although osteopenia is common in HIV infected patients, there is by now limited data on the evolution of bone mineral density in this population. We aimed to evaluate the course of osteopenia over a two-year period in HIV-1-infected men, and to identify risk factors for abnormal bone mineral density ...
Sakaura Hironobu H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kansai Rosai Hospital, Hyogo, - - 2013
The incidence of symptomatic adjacent segment pathology (ASP) after fusion surgery for adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS) has been reported to be relatively low compared with other lumbar disease entities. However, there has been no study of symptomatic ASP incidence using posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with pedicle screw instrumentation. ...
Kim Sung-Hoon - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) continues to be a major problem, because PONV is associated with delayed recovery and prolonged hospital stay. Although the PONV guidelines recommended the use of 5-hydroxy-tryptamine (5-HT3) receptor antagonists as the first-line prophylactic agents in patients categorized as high-risk, there are few studies comparing the ...
Cavallaro Paul - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the early outcomes of off-pump and on-pump surgeries in high-risk patient groups. METHODS: The outcomes of 83 914 high-risk patients undergoing off-pump or on-pump isolated coronary bypass surgery identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2010 were compared using ...
Leung Jacqueline M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether preoperative risk for delirium moderates the effect of postoperative pain and opioids on the development of postoperative delirium. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients 65 years of age or older scheduled for major noncardiac surgery. MEASUREMENTS: A structured interview was conducted preoperatively ...
Lee Changhyun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is performed to provide nutrition to patients with swallowing difficulties. A multicenter study was conducted to evaluate the predictors of complications and mortality after PEG placement. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent initial PEG placement between January 2004 and December 2011 at seven ...
Sun Louise - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate whether tracheostomy increases the risk of sternal wound infection (SWI) post cardiac surgery. METHODS: All patients undergoing cardiac surgery via median sternotomy from September 1997 to October 2010 were included in this retrospective observational study. Primary exposure was tracheostomy performed during admission to the cardiac surgical intensive ...
Lalmohamed Arief - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding may impose a serious threat in patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement (THR/TKR). The objectives of this study are to evaluate the timing of GI bleeding following THR/TKR and to determine the effect modification by proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use.METHODS:In a nationwide Danish cohort study, we ...
Davis Tony W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and of HPV-related disease in men who have sex with men continues to rise. Screening procedures can be uncomfortable and may lead to decreased patient compliance. We endeavored to determine the tolerability of screening procedures for anal HPV disease. MATERIALS AND ...
Rattanaumpawan Pinyo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of bacteremia caused by non-fermentative gram-negative bacteria (NFGNB) has been increasing over the past decade. Although many studies have already investigated epidemiology of NFGNB bacteremia, most focused only on common NFGNB including Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) and Acinetobacter baumannii (AB). Knowledge of uncommon NFGNB bacteremia is very limited. Our ...
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