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Ramanathan Michelle L - - 2013
The postoperative systemic inflammatory response, as evidenced by C-reactive protein (CRP) on days 3 and 4, has been reported to be associated with the development of infective complications following surgery for colorectal cancer. However, patients in enhanced recovery after surgery require earlier assessment at day 2, the peak CRP response ...
Lübbeke Anne - - 2013
Detailed assessment of activity before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA) including a long-term follow-up is lacking. Our objective was (1) to evaluate how patient's activity evolves: prior to disease onset, prior to THA, and at 5 and 10 years postoperative, and (2) to determine predictors of high activity 5 ...
Xin Yanzhong - - 2013
To identify risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) following lobectomy for a pulmonary malignant tumour. The outcomes of patients who underwent lobectomy from February 2005 to September 2010 were analysed with respect to the development of postoperative AF. Among 186 patients, 20 developed AF and these had significantly higher preoperative ...
Glaser Julia D - - 2013
Lower extremity amputation is often performed in patients where both lower extremities are at risk due to peripheral arterial disease or diabetes, yet the proportion of patients who progress to amputation of their contralateral limb is not well defined. We sought to determine the rate of subsequent amputation on both ...
Xie Zhongcong Z Geriatric Anesthesia Research Unit, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2013
Determination of biomarker and neuropathogenesis of postoperative cognitive change (POCC) or postoperative cognitive dysfunction. POCC is one of the most common postoperative complications in elderly patients. Whether preoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) β-amyloid protein (Aβ) to tau ratio, an Alzheimer disease biomarker, is a biomarker for risk of POCC remains unknown. ...
Abrams Geoffrey D - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Meniscus deficiency may lead to degenerative arthritis in the knee. There is a significant emphasis on meniscus preservation, particularly in the young patient, to reduce the risk of arthritis. PURPOSE:To report on the incidence of meniscus repair and meniscectomy, with and without concomitant anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, in the ...
Piccini Jonathan P - - 2013
Risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is high, yet the effectiveness of guideline-recommended preoperative prophylaxis in clinical practice remains uncertain. We determined the utilization and variation of preoperative AF prevention and assessed the comparative effectiveness of alternative drugs using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons multicenter ...
Jans Oivind - - 2013
Preoperative anemia has been associated with increased risk of allogeneic blood transfusion and postoperative morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of preoperative anemia and its association with postoperative outcomes has not previously been reported in relation to fast-track elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We aimed to ...
Agarwal Shikhar - - 2013
TAVR has emerged as an attractive alternative for treatment of severe aortic stenosis in high risk surgical patients. Despite several large multicenter registries, only one randomized trial (PARTNER) has been published. We aimed to compare the outcomes obtained using multicenter registries and the PARTNER trial. Standard MEDLINE search strategy was ...
Zhao Hong-Chuan - - 2013
To assess endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation (EPBD) and endoscopic sphincteropapillotomy (EST) for common bile duct (CBD) stone removal using a meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials published from 1990 to 2012 comparing EPBD with EST for CBD stone removal were evaluated. This meta-analysis was performed to estimate short-term and long-term complications of ...
Claessen K M J A - - 2013
Arthropathy is an invalidating complication of acromegaly, also in long-term controlled patients, and is radiographically characterized by osteophytes and preserved joint spaces. However, joint space narrowing (JSN) is observed in the minority of patients. It is unknown whether JSN is the end-stage of acromegalic arthropathy or whether this feature develops ...
Wasserstein David - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Factors contributing to recurrent dislocation, revision stabilization, and complications requiring reoperation after an initial shoulder stabilization procedure for instability have not been evaluated on a population level. PURPOSE:(1) To define the rate of ipsilateral revision stabilization, contralateral primary stabilization, postoperative dislocation, and complications after primary shoulder stabilization in a population ...
Zilberman Dimitry - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine if genital tract colonization with GBS at the time of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) affects the latency period. Study Design: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all gravidas admitted with PPROM between 23 and 34 weeks of gestation from January 1, 2005 through ...
Assoumou Lambert - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Although osteopenia is common in HIV infected patients, there is by now limited data on the evolution of bone mineral density in this population. We aimed to evaluate the course of osteopenia over a two-year period in HIV-1-infected men, and to identify risk factors for abnormal bone mineral density ...
Sakaura Hironobu H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kansai Rosai Hospital, Hyogo, - - 2013
The incidence of symptomatic adjacent segment pathology (ASP) after fusion surgery for adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS) has been reported to be relatively low compared with other lumbar disease entities. However, there has been no study of symptomatic ASP incidence using posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with pedicle screw instrumentation. ...
Kim Sung-Hoon - - 2013
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) continues to be a major problem, because PONV is associated with delayed recovery and prolonged hospital stay. Although the PONV guidelines recommended the use of 5-hydroxy-tryptamine (5-HT3) receptor antagonists as the first-line prophylactic agents in patients categorized as high-risk, there are few studies comparing the ...
Hovaguimian Frédérique - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Intraoperative high inspired oxygen fraction (FIO2) is thought to reduce the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) and postoperative nausea and vomiting, and to promote postoperative atelectasis. METHODS:: The authors searched for randomized trials (till September 2012) comparing intraoperative high with normal FIO2 in adults undergoing surgery with general ...
Wojciechowski David - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common after kidney transplantation, with limited data to guide antibiotic prophylaxis. METHODS: Retrospective single-center study comparing sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim 800/160 mg (SMZ/TMP) daily for 30 days followed by Monday, Wednesday, Friday for an additional 5 months (Group 1) versus SMZ/TMP Monday, Wednesday, Friday for 6 months ...
Cavallaro Paul - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the early outcomes of off-pump and on-pump surgeries in high-risk patient groups. METHODS: The outcomes of 83 914 high-risk patients undergoing off-pump or on-pump isolated coronary bypass surgery identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2010 were compared using ...
Mauck Karen F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) after knee arthroscopy is uncertain. In this study, we estimate the incidence of symptomatic VTE after knee arthroscopy. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of symptomatic VTE after arthroscopic knee surgery. Methods: In a population-based historical cohort study, all Olmsted County, MN residents ...
Leung Jacqueline M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether preoperative risk for delirium moderates the effect of postoperative pain and opioids on the development of postoperative delirium. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients 65 years of age or older scheduled for major noncardiac surgery. MEASUREMENTS: A structured interview was conducted preoperatively ...
Lee Changhyun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is performed to provide nutrition to patients with swallowing difficulties. A multicenter study was conducted to evaluate the predictors of complications and mortality after PEG placement. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent initial PEG placement between January 2004 and December 2011 at seven ...
Sun Louise - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate whether tracheostomy increases the risk of sternal wound infection (SWI) post cardiac surgery. METHODS: All patients undergoing cardiac surgery via median sternotomy from September 1997 to October 2010 were included in this retrospective observational study. Primary exposure was tracheostomy performed during admission to the cardiac surgical intensive ...
Lalmohamed Arief - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding may impose a serious threat in patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement (THR/TKR). The objectives of this study are to evaluate the timing of GI bleeding following THR/TKR and to determine the effect modification by proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use.METHODS:In a nationwide Danish cohort study, we ...
Davis Tony W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and of HPV-related disease in men who have sex with men continues to rise. Screening procedures can be uncomfortable and may lead to decreased patient compliance. We endeavored to determine the tolerability of screening procedures for anal HPV disease. MATERIALS AND ...
Rattanaumpawan Pinyo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of bacteremia caused by non-fermentative gram-negative bacteria (NFGNB) has been increasing over the past decade. Although many studies have already investigated epidemiology of NFGNB bacteremia, most focused only on common NFGNB including Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) and Acinetobacter baumannii (AB). Knowledge of uncommon NFGNB bacteremia is very limited. Our ...
Zhou Zhou - - 2013
Purpose: Catheter-related bloodstream infection is a frequent complication for patients who use catheter as dialysis access. This study was performed to identify the risk factors for failed catheter salvage. 
Methods: We enrolled patients who received non-tunneled catheters as initial vascular access during a two-year period. Catheter salvage was attempted in ...
Caekebeke Pieter - - 2013
The authors conducted a retrospective study comparing the corrective effect of two sublaminar techniques on scoliosis: the classical one, based on metal wire, and a more recent one, based on polyester tape (thoracic Universal Clamp), known to be safer (less risk of neurological damage, less laminar breakthrough) and compatible with ...
Bateman Brian T - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has increased rapidly over the past decade; patients undergoing major surgery, including coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), are at particular risk. Intravenous vancomycin exposure has been identified as an independent risk factor for CDI, but this is controversial. It is not ...
Long Qin - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between pathological myopia (PM) and immunological/inflammatory markers and to identify the possible risk factors for the formation of myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV). METHODS: One hundred fourteen unrelated subjects were recruited: 63 PM patients (PM group) with spherical equivalent of at least -8.00 diopters (range, -8.00 ...
Tan Tze-Woei - - 2013
Packed RBC transfusion has been postulated to increase morbidity and mortality after cardiac/general surgical operations, but its effects after lower extremity bypass (LEB) have not been studied extensively. Using the Vascular Study Group of New England's database (2003-2010), we examined 1,880 consecutive infrainguinal LEB performed for critical limb ischemia. Perioperative ...
Guo Zhenying - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Conducting total thyroidectomy (TT) or subtotal thyroidectomy (ST) in patients with Graves' disease remains controversial. We performed a meta-analysis based on the published randomized controlled trials to evaluate the complications of TT versus ST. METHODS: We searched multiple electronic databases for prospective, randomized, controlled trials related to safety and ...
Wenaweser Peter - - 2013
AimsTranscatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an established treatment alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement in high-risk and inoperable patients and outcomes among patients with estimated low or intermediate risk remain to be determined. The aim of this study was to assess clinical outcomes among patients with estimated low or ...
Nair C Gopalakrishnan - - 2013
Permanent hypocalcaemia following thyroidectomy causes considerable morbidity. This prospective observational study aims to define the factors likely to predict hypocalcaemia following total thyroidectomy. Patients who were subjected to total thyroidectomy during January 2005 to December 2009 were followed up for a minimum period of 1 year. Efficacy of an intraoperative ...
Dolci Gabriel Schmidt - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dimensions and surface characteristics of orthodontic wires and bracket slots of different commercial brands. Thirty metallic brackets (0.022 x 0.028-in and 0.022 x 0.030-in) were divided into three groups: DYN/3M group = Dyna-Lock, 3M/Unitek (stainless steel, or SS); STD/MO group = ...
Jacomella V - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aortic augmentation index (AIx), a marker of arterial stiffness, and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. In claudicants, the effect of balloon angioplasty (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, PTA) on AIx has not been determined so far. METHODS: Measurements of the ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) ...
Paraskevas Kosmas I - - 2013
To the Editor: In their report on the Aspirin to Prevent Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism (ASPIRE) trial, Brighton et al. (Nov. 22 issue)(1) describe a nonsignificant decrease in the rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism and a significant reduction in the rate of major vascular events in patients receiving low-dose aspirin, as ...
- - 2013
To the Editor: In their report on the Aspirin to Prevent Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism (ASPIRE) trial, Brighton et al. (Nov. 22 issue)(1) describe a nonsignificant decrease in the rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism and a significant reduction in the rate of major vascular events in patients receiving low-dose aspirin, as ...
Culić Viktor - - 2013
To the Editor: In their report on the Aspirin to Prevent Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism (ASPIRE) trial, Brighton et al. (Nov. 22 issue)(1) describe a nonsignificant decrease in the rate of recurrent venous thromboembolism and a significant reduction in the rate of major vascular events in patients receiving low-dose aspirin, as ...
Li Shuai-Bing - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Myeloperoxidase (MPO) has been associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), but its impact on the recurrence of AF after catheter ablation has not been explored. This study investigated the effect of plasma MPO on recurrence after catheter ablation of paroxysmal AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-eight ...
Yoon Byung Il - - 2013
We conducted a retrospective analysis of acute cystitis (AC) patients to evaluate the risk factors of recurrent cystitis (RC) patients following AC. The clinical records of 254 subjects with a confirmed diagnosis of AC and 90 healthy subjects who visited the Health Promotion Center between 2008 and 2012 were reviewed. ...
Guiu Boris - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is currently no consensus in the literature on which embolic agent induces the greatest degree of liver hypertrophy after portal vein embolization (PVE). Only experimental results in a pig model have demonstrated an advantage of n-butyl-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) over 3 other embolic materials (hydrophilic gel, small and large polyvinyl ...
Hussain Nasir N McMaster University, 293 Wellington Street North, Suite 110, Hamilton, Ontario Canada L8L - - 2013
An important source of debate in many orthopaedic practices is the choice of performing simultaneous or staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty. The objective of this meta-analysis is to compare simultaneous bilateral with staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty for peri-operative complication rates, infection rates and mortality outcomes. All relevant citations were ...
Newman Jessica - - 2013
CONTEXT: Coma is a state of profound unresponsiveness that can occur as a serious perioperative complication. The study of risk factors for, and sequelae of, postoperative coma has been limited due to the rarity of the event. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, risk factors and impact of postoperative coma in ...
van de Wall Bryan Jm - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To compare patients younger and older than 50 years with diverticulitis with regard to complications, disease recurrence and to the need for surgery. Material and methods. A literature review and meta-analysis was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane databases were searched for longitudinal ...
Bruni Danilo D Biomechanics and Technological Innovation Laboratory, Codivilla-Putti Research Center, Bologna University, Via Di Barbiano 1-10, 40136, Bologna, Italy. - - 2013
Although 7% to 38% of revision total knee arthroplasties (RTKAs) are attributable to prosthetic knee infections, controversy exists regarding the best surgical approach while reducing the risk of extensor mechanism complications and the reinfection rate. We compared The Knee Society Score(©) (KSS), incidences of complications, maximum knee flexion, residual extension ...
Lambdin Barrot H - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: In 2004, the Mozambican Ministry of Health began a national scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) using a vertical model of HIV clinics co-located within large, urban hospitals. In 2006, the ministry expanded access by integrating ART into primary health care clinics. METHODS:: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including ...
Shearer Kate - - 2013
Recent WHO guidelines for resource-limited settings recommend tenofovir in first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) yet there are suggestions that patients receiving nevirapine with tenofovir have worse outcomes than those receiving efavirenz. We sought to compare outcomes among those taking nevirapine vs. efavirenz with tenofovir and lamivudine. We analyzed data on ART ...
Hârza M - - 2013
Background: The risk of thromboembolic events is increased in patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) as compared with other medical conditions and is a severe complication associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to assess the risk of renal vein thrombosis, and other venous thromboembolic events (VTE) in a large ...
Trubiano Jason A - - 2013
Buruli Ulcer (BU) is caused by the environmental microbe Mycobacterium ulcerans. Despite unclear transmission, contact with a BU endemic region is the key known risk factor. In Victoria, Australia, where endemic areas have been carefully mapped, we aimed to estimate the Incubation Period (IP) of BU by interviewing patients who ...
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