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Chae Soo-Min - - 2014
Purpose: We aim to evaluate the effects of multileaf collimator (MLC) leaf width (5 mm vs. 2.5 mm) on the radiosurgery planning for the treatment of spine lesions according to the modulated techniques (intensity-modulated radiotherapy [IMRT] vs. volumetric-modulated arc therapy [VMAT]) and the complexity of the target shape. For this ...
- - 2014
Last Saturday was World Thinking Day, the next couple of weeks have been designated Fairtrade Fortnight and celebrations are planned throughout March to mark National Bed Month. Staff in marketing departments across the land spend their lives dreaming up such awareness days, weeks and months, to the point where every ...
Sariali Elhadi E Hôpital Pitié Salpétrière , - - 2014
Background and purpose - A decrease of 15% in femoral offset (FO) has been reported to generate a weakness of the abductor muscle, but this has not been directly linked to an alteration of gait. Our hypothesis was that this 15% decrease in FO may also generate a clinically detectable ...
Bin Abd Razak Hamid Rahmatullah HR Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, - - 2014
To evaluate whether preoperative range of motion is a key determinant of postoperative range of motion in Asian patients undergoing conventional total knee arthroplasty. A retrospective review of 302 patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty performed by a single surgeon was conducted. Patients who had a fixed flexion deformity ...
De Riu Giacomo G Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, University Hospital of Sassari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this randomised controlled clinical trial, 2 homogeneous groups of patients with facial asymmetry (n=10 in each) were treated by either classic or computer-assisted orthognathic corrective surgery. Differences between the 2 groups in the alignment of the lower interincisal point (p=0.03), mandibular sagittal plane (p=0.01), and centring of the dental ...
Martínez-Sellés Manuel - - 2013
To study the factors associated with choice of therapy and prognosis in octogenarians with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). Prospective, observational, multicenter registry. Centralized follow-up included survival status and, if possible, mode of death and Katz index. Transnational registry in Spain. We included 928 patients aged ≥80 years with severe ...
Volpi P - - 2013
The influence of patient-specific instrumentations on the accuracy of unicompartmental medial knee replacement remains unclear. The goal of this study was to examine the ability of patient-specific instrumentation to accurately reproduce postoperatively what the surgeon had planned preoperatively. Twenty consecutive patients (20 knees) who suffered from isolated unicompartmental medial osteoarthritis ...
Patil Santosh S Dept of Oral Medicine and Radiology. Jodhpur Dental College, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur (Raj). - - 2013
Mesiodens are the most common supernumerary teeth, occurring in 0.15% to 2.2% of the population. The aim of the present study was to analyze the frequency and radiological features of mesiodens in the pediatric population. The study was based on the radiographic evaluation of 4133 pediatric patients of the age ...
Espinar-Escalona Eduardo E Associate Professor of Orthodontics. School of Dentistry. University of - - 2013
To validate the effectiveness of the original standards of True Vertical (TV) Subnasal Line in orthognatic surgery planning. The present study evaluates the changes occurring in patients with skeletal Class II alterations programmed for orthognathic surgery with a view to improving their facial profile. We showed a series of black ...
Li Ya-Guang - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness and safety of three-dimensional (3D) digitalized planning for the sural neurovascular island flap in repair of soft tissue defects in the ankle and foot. This study included 40 patients with soft tissue defects of the ankle and foot who underwent ...
Canto Marcia Irene - - 2013
Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) enables in vivo microscopic imaging of the GI tract mucosa. However, there are limited data on endoscope-based CLE (eCLE) for imaging Barrett's esophagus (BE). To compare high-definition white-light endoscopy (HDWLE) alone with random biopsy (RB) and HDWLE + eCLE and targeted biopsy (TB) for diagnosis of BE neoplasia. ...
Mehri S - - 2013
To determine (a) the correlation between follicular sizes, oocyte maturity, normal fertilization rate, cleavage and embryo quality; and (b) to establish whether oocytes recovered with or without follicular flushing have different developmental competence. Prospective observational study. Academic medical center. Forty nine cycles (37 ICSI and 12 IVF). Measurement of 360 ...
Macari Anthony Tannous - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the association between soft tissue at the chin (STC) thickness and mandibular divergence. Materials and Methods: Nongrowing patients seeking orthodontic treatment (n  =  190; 113 women and 77 men), who had an average age of 26.94 years (range  =  18.10-53.50 years), were stratified in four subgroups based on ...
Stockmans Filip F KULeuven Campus KULAK, Kortrijk, Belgium ; Department of Orthopedic Surgery at AZ Groeninge Hospital, Kortrijk, - - 2013
Corrective osteotomies of the distal radius for symptomatic malunion are time-tested procedures that rely on accurate corrections. Patients with combined intra- and extra-articular malunions present a challenging deformity. Virtual planning and patient-specific instruments (PSIs) to transfer the planning into the operating room have been used both to simplify the surgery ...
Kniesel Bettina - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine how well pre-operative size selection for total knee and hip arthroplasties based on the digital imaging with and without additional referencing correlated with the size actually implanted. Size selection planning of total knee arthroplasty by digital templating was documented in 46 cases ...
Pendyala Lakshmana K - - 2013
In patients with aortic stenosis who cannot have surgery, transcatheter aortic valve replacement using the Edwards SAPIEN valve has been shown to improve survival rate and is approved for commercial use in the United States. This study aims to assess the clinical profile, procedural characteristics, and in-hospital complications in patients ...
Liu Fangyi - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical application value of a 3D visualisation preoperative treatment planning system in microwave ablation for liver cancer. Methods: From December 2011 to November 2012, 94 enrolment patients of liver cancer were divided into two groups. The 3D preoperative planning ...
Wang Zheng - - 2013
Purpose: To develop a new IMRT technique to simplify the process and improve efficiency in radiotherapy treatment planning for craniospinal irradiation (CSI) treatment. Image data of 9 patients who received CSI treatment in 2012 were used, the prescription was 36Gy in 20 fractions. Two treatment plans were created for each ...
Jameson Michael G - - 2013
To perform a comparative study assessing potential benefits of endorectal-balloons (ERB) in post-prostatectomy patients. Ten retrospective post-prostatectomy patients treated without ERB and ten prospective patients treated with the ERB in situ were recruited. All patients received IMRT and IGRT using kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (kVCBCT). kVCBCT datasets were registered to ...
Savi E - - 2013
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is often discontinued, and many patients do not renew the prescription. We evaluated the reasons for discontinuation and set up an educational/follow-up plan to improve the adherence. In a first phase, the adherence at 4 months was directly assessed. Based on those results, an action plan (education, frequent ...
Marcucci Massimiliano - - 2013
Accurate preoperative planning is mandatory for a successful total hip arthroplasty (THA). Templating helps to achieve multiple technical goals, including offset restoration, leg-length equality, and components positioning. This study aims to measure how successful a new stepwise method for preoperative radiographic templating is in achieving postoperative restoration of anatomy. We ...
Alhilli Mariam M - - 2013
Identification of preoperative factors predictive of non-home discharge after surgery for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) may aid counseling and optimize discharge planning. We aimed to determine the association between preoperative risk factors and non-home discharge. Patients who underwent primary surgery for EOC at Mayo Clinic between January 2, 2003 and ...
Laham James L - - 2013
There is absence of evidence-based guidelines to determine extubation readiness in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Evaluate our practice of determining extubation readiness based on physician judgment of preextubation ventilator settings, blood gas analysis, and other factors potentially affecting extubation outcome. Prospective cohort study from August 2010 to April ...
Teo T K Y - - 2013
AIM: In the UK, first permanent molars (FPMs) of poor prognosis are often planned for extraction so that second permanent molars (SPMs) erupt favourably to replace the FPMs. However, there is little published data to support this treatment strategy. The aim of this study was to assess the success of ...
Kaladji A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To assess the accuracy of the aortic outer curvature length for thoracic endograft planning. METHODS: Seventy-four patients (58 men, 66.4 ± 14 years) who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair between 2009 and 2011 treated with a Cook Medical endograft were enrolled in this retrospective study. Immediate postoperative CT scans were analysed ...
Liddle Alexander D - - 2013
Background and purpose Operative findings during revision of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty (MOMHA) vary widely and can involve massive soft tissue and bone disruption. As a result, planning of theater time and resources is difficult, surgery is challenging, and outcomes are often poor. We describe our experience with revision of MOMHA ...
Fang Qing - - 2013
Long-term compliance with regular surveillance is important for the prevention and timely management of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, there are no researches focusing on the compliance of hepatitis B virus infected patients in regular surveillance so far. The purpose of our study was to investigate the outpatient compliance with ...
Seow Kok-Min - - 2013
Cabergoline, a dopamine receptor-2 agonist, is suggested to prevent ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) during ovarian stimulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different timing of cabergoline administration on clinical outcome among patients at risk of developing OHSS. Among infertile women undergoing IVF treatment at risk ...
Jung Hwi-Dong - - 2013
Our aim was to evaluate the postoperative stability associated with differing degrees of mandibular setback and their relations after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO). We planned a retrospective cohort study of 94 patients (mean age (range) 23 (18-46) years) selected from a larger group who had been diagnosed with mandibular ...
Gupta Naina - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To report the rates of hypotony after 25-gauge vitrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS:A retrospective review of 111 consecutive cases was performed in patients undergoing transconjunctival 25-gauge pars plans vitrectomy with either air or gas as a tamponade agent. The primary outcome measure was postoperative intraocular pressure less than 5 ...
Wright G - - 2013
Purpose: In Gamma Knife radiosurgery, an efficient plan is one that achieves dosimetric quality while minimizing treatment time. Although minimization of treatment time to improve throughput and benefit patient comfort is a common and important goal of radiosurgery planning, to date no studies have attempted to specifically quantify efficiency. The ...
Ajeeshkumar S - - 2013
A successful protocol for long-term preservation of pollinia of Luisia macrantha Blatter and McCann., an endemic and endangered orchid of Western Ghats has been devised through different pollen cryopreservation methods and by confirming fertilizing ability. Pollinia subjected to 0-30 min dehydration at 27 +/- 67 percent in desiccated controls and ...
Goel Apul - - 2013
To understand the reasons for choosing the type of urethroplasty for bulbous strictures shorter than 2 cm in length that were ideally suited for anastomotic urethroplasty (AU). Data of adult men, who underwent urethroplasty between November 2002 and September 2011 for isolated bulbous strictures less than 2 cm in length, ...
Francis Samual R - - 2013
It is the purpose of this study to evaluate how self-expanding stents (SESs) affect esophageal cancer radiation planning target volumes (PTVs) and dose delivered to surrounding organs at risk (OARs). Ten patients were evaluated, for whom a SES was placed before radiation. A computed tomography (CT) scan obtained before stent ...
Piromlertamorn Waraporn - - 2013
Accidental exposure of oocyte/cumulus complex to endometriotic fluid is not uncommon during oocyte retrieval. Only two studies were available on this subject and they gave conflicting results. In this study, we used a mouse model to evaluate the effect of controlled exposure of oocytes to ovarian endometriotic fluid. Mouse oocytes/cumulus ...
Zhang Zhifei - - 2013
The Lophotrochozoa includes disparate tentacle-bearing sessile protostome animals, which apparently appeared in the Cambrian explosion, but lack an uncontested fossil record. Here we describe abundant well preserved material of Cotyledion tylodes Luo et Hu, 1999, from the Cambrian (Series 2) Chengjiang deposits, reinterpreted here as a stem-group entoproct. The entoproct ...
Papoutsis Dimitrios - - 2012
Aims: To determine appropriate cone dimensions for predicting margin status after large loop excision of transformation zone (LLETZ) treatment. Methods: An observational study performed at the Colposcopy Unit of a university hospital setting involving patients who underwent LLETZ conisation within a 1-year period. Data concerning the characteristics, cone dimensions, lesion ...
Studenski Matthew T - - 2012
To quantify clinical differences for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) versus intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in terms of dosimetric endpoints and planning and delivery time, twenty head and neck cancer patients have been considered for VMAT using Nucletron Oncentra MasterPlan delivered via an Elekta linear accelerator. Differences in planning ...
Ballas Richard - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Accuracy of implant positioning in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has a major impact on postoperative outcomes. We investigate the accuracy of positioning of multiples values simultaneously in TKA navigated, even among novice users. METHOD: The "novice" group included the first 91 knees operated on by 10 operators new to ...
- - 2012
The BVA was delighted with the number of applications received for its new BVA CPD Group, and plans to make the most of the expertise of all applicants when it can. The group will be helping the BVA to develop a comprehensive national CPD programme for members.
Grummet Jeremy - - 2012
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Periprostatic infiltration of local anaesthetic (PILA) is accepted as the current 'gold standard' of analgesia for TRUS-guided biopsy. However, it does not account for discomfort of anal probe insertion and has not received wide uptake amongst clinicians. A better ...
Chiong Tan Peng - - 2012
To compare patient satisfaction and exclusive breastfeeding rates for patients discharged from the hospital on postcesarean day 1 (next day) or day 2. Healthy women admitted for planned cesarean delivery were randomized to day 1 or day 2 discharge. Postoperative assessment for suitability for discharge was based on defined criteria. ...
Moon Jeong Hee - - 2012
Rescue ICSI can induce a high rate of 3 pronuclei (PN) formation from double insemination in eggs already fertilized by IVF but lacking signs of normal pronuclear formation. This study was performed to determine whether the number of 3PN embryos could be reduced by using the polarization microscope for rescue ...
Fehring Richard J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare the efficacy and acceptability of two Internet-supported fertility-awareness-based methods of family planning. STUDY DESIGN: Six hundred and sixty-seven women and their male partners were randomized into either an electronic hormonal fertility monitor (EHFM) group or a cervical mucus monitoring (CMM) group. Both groups utilized ...
Zeiler F A - - 2012
Stereotactic radiosurgery offers a unique and effective means of controlling cavernous sinus meningiomas with a low rate of complications. We retrospectively reviewed all cavernous sinus meningiomas treated with Gamma Knife (GK) radiosurgery between November 2003 and April 2011 at our institution. Thirty patients were treated, four were lost to follow- ...
Johnson David W - - 2012
Since the mid-1990s, early dialysis initiation has dramatically increased in many countries. The Initiating Dialysis Early and Late (IDEAL) study demonstrated that, compared with late initiation, planned early initiation of dialysis was associated with comparable clinical outcomes and increased health care costs. Because residual renal function is a key determinant ...
Vasudevan K - - 2012
The 129 mice are well recognized for their low fertility and it is speculated that this lack of fertility may be due to the oocyte condition. In this study we investigated superovulation regimens for the 129S1/SvImJ mouse strain to improve the oocyte quality and fertility rate of in vitro fertilization ...
Lundqvist Oscar - - 2012
Purpose:  To compare the mydriatic effect of intracameral mydriatics injected into the anterior or the posterior chamber in routine phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Methods:  Forty-four patients planned for unilateral phacoemulsification surgery were included after informed consent. Mydriasis was achieved by injecting 150 μl of a mixture of phenylephrine 1.5% and lidocaine 1.0% ...
Springer Alexander - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate orchidopexy patterns in Austria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All boys with cryptorchidism who underwent orchidopexy (n = 19.998) in Austria between 1993 and 2009 were analyzed using the database Austrian Health Information System at the Austrian Federal Research and Planning Institute for Health Care. Regression models were constructed to examine ...
Cai Elijah Zhengyang - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Orbital reconstruction is a difficult procedure, success of which is dependent on the surgeon's experience. The lack of objective methods requires a fair amount of estimation is its execution. This study evaluates the efficacy of Kolibri (BrainLab, Munich, Germany), an intraoperative navigation device, in improving outcomes.From 2004 to 2009, ...
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