Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1980
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Oh Sung Jin - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The electrosurgical device ("Bovie") is widely used in various surgical fields. The aim of this study was to introduce a simple method only using Bovie in the trimming of soft tissues along the lesser and greater curvature in gastric cancer surgery. METHODOLOGY: Thirty three patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who ...
Raju Seshadri - - 2009
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) in the obese, often with severe clinical manifestations, is increasingly encountered in clinical practice. The association has drawn special interest as the pathophysiology may be different from that seen in the non-obese. The disease poses special management problems in the obese as traditional conservative measures are ...
Habib Phillip - - 2009
This study was designed to assess the effects of bariatric weight loss surgery on structural, functional, and inflammatory markers of coronary atherosclerosis. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic and an independent risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis. It remains unclear whether surgically induced weight loss reduces cardiovascular risk. This prospective study enrolled ...
Martin L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common after oesophageal cancer surgery. This study investigated weight changes and the risk of malnutrition among long-term survivors. METHODS: A nationwide cohort study was conducted in Sweden in 2001-2004, with follow-up to 2008. Weight was assessed before oesophagectomy, after 6 months and at 3 years. Logistic regression ...
Muthangya Mutemi - - 2009
Sisal leaf decortications residue (SLDR) is amongst the most abundant agro-industrial residues in Tanzania and is a good feedstock for biogas production. Pre-treatment of the residue prior to its anaerobic digestion (AD) was investigated using a two-stage pre-treatment approach with two fungal strains, CCHT-1 and Trichoderma reesei in succession in ...
Abbatini F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) with that of laparoscopic gastric bypass (GBP) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (AGB) for glucose homeostasis in morbidly obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at a 3-year follow-up assessment and to elucidate the role of ...
DiGiorgi Mary - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that type 2 diabetes (T2DM) improves or resolves shortly after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Few data are available on T2DM recurrence or the effect of weight regain on T2DM status. METHODS: A review of 42 RYGB patients with T2DM and >or=3 years of follow-up and laboratory ...
Acevedo A - - 2010
Ambulatory hernia surgery under local anesthesia is becoming more widely used worldwide. Although many reports include obese patients, there are no studies that report specifically on the feasibility and safety of ambulatory hernia surgery in this category of patients. This paper documents our experience in this respect. The present investigation ...
Savastano Silvia - - 2010
In obese patients, subtle variations of the hydration of soft tissues can propagate errors in bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) measures of body composition. Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) is a useful method to evaluate tissue hydration. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a purely restrictive bariatric surgical procedure resulting in ...
Forlano Rosario - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In obese patients, positioning of the BioEnterics intragastric balloon (BIB) proved beneficial for weight loss, but the effect of the device on ameliorating some components of the metabolic syndrome associated with obesity remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of BIB insertion on weight control and amelioration of components ...
Bohdjalian Arthur - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Different surgical techniques have been developed for the gastrojejunostomy (GJS) in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) with the anastomosis performed in a circular-stapled, linear-stapled, or totally hand-sewn way. No technique seems superior to the other as no consistent data on weight loss or complication rates were described. METHODS: A ...
Cherian P Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), patients usually undergo follow-up (FU) to optimize weight loss and detect complications, with band-volume adjustment performed either under radiological or clinical guidance with no current consensus on what is the best standard of care. We, therefore, analyzed our patient cohort to identify differences ...
White Marney A MA Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, PO Box 208098, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. - - 2010
This study examined the clinical significance of loss of control (LOC) over eating in bariatric surgery patients over 24 months of prospective, multiwave follow-ups. Three hundred sixty-one gastric bypass surgery patients completed a battery of assessments before surgery and at 6, 12, and 24 months following surgery. In addition to ...
Papalazarou Anastasios - - 2010
The present study was designed to evaluate the 3 year effects of a lifestyle intervention on weight loss and maintenance, dietary, and physical activity habits and eating behavior of patients following vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). Thirty severely obese female volunteers were included in the study and they were randomly assigned ...
Ciangura Cecile - - 2010
Little is known on patterns of change over time in body composition, especially lean body mass (LBM), during massive weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in obese patients. We performed sequential measurements of total and regional body composition in patients after RYGB, and we compared a subsample of patients ...
Pournaras Dimitrios J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment option for obesity, and gut hormones are implicated in the reduction of appetite and weight after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Although there is increasing interest in the gut hormone changes after gastric bypass, the long-term changes have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Thirty-four ...
Caterson Ian - - 2010
The Sibutramine Cardiovascular Outcomes (SCOUT) trial protocol defines a patient population predominantly outside current European Union label criteria. This article explores responses to sibutramine during the 6-week, single-blind, lead-in period between patients who conformed to the label requirements ("conformers") and those who did not ("nonconformers"). SCOUT is an ongoing, randomized, ...
Lakdawala Muffazal A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity as a procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity. Its indications and long-term results are currently under evaluation. Initially started as a first-stage procedure for superobese patients, it is now emerging as a standalone procedure in Asia and other parts of the ...
Sakurazawa N - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: In recent years, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been applied for the treatment of gastric tumors, and the en-bloc resection rate of early gastric cancer has greatly improved. Herein, we introduce spring-assisted ESD, for quicker submucosal dissection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ESD was carried out in 32 ...
Lane R J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Obesity and venous disease are commonly encountered together. The aetiological relationship, however, has not been clear. Popliteal venous compression (PVC) has been encountered both on ultrasound and venographically. In this study, patients with symptoms and/or signs of chronic venous hypertension with PVC were investigated and the relationship to obesity ...
Tomita Ryouichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To clarify the significance of preserving pyloric and hepatic branches of the vagal nerve (PHV) after pylorus preserving distal gastrectomy (PPG) for early gastric cancer, the author investigated the postgastrectomy syndrome and gastric emptying function at 5 years in PPG patients with or without preserving the PHV. METHODS: A ...
Jackson M P - - 2009
The outcome of total hip replacement (THR) is potentially affected by the body mass index (BMI) of the patient. We studied the outcome of 2026 consecutive primary cementless THRs performed for osteoarthritis. The mean follow-up was 6.3 years (0 to 11.71) and no patient was lost to follow-up for survival ...
Arterburn David - - 2009
HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine patient factors associated with mortality among veterans who undergo bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study that uses data from the Veterans Affairs (VA) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. SETTING: Group Health Center for Health Studies, the VA North Texas Health Care System, ...
Kalarchian Melissa A MA Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2009
We evaluated the efficacy of family-based, behavioral weight control in the management of severe pediatric obesity. Participants were 192 children 8.0 to 12.0 years of age (mean +/- SD: 10.2 +/- 1.2 years). The average BMI percentile for age and gender was 99.18 (SD: 0.72). Families were assigned randomly to ...
Navaneethan Sankar D - - 2009
Obesity is an independent risk factor for development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted a systematic review to assess the benefits of intentional weight loss in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD and glomerular hyperfiltration. We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and conference proceedings for randomized, controlled trials and observational studies ...
Park Alyssa M - - 2009
PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery has become an increasingly common form of weight management. Early retrospective reviews have suggested that new onset nephrolithiasis develops in some patients after undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. We present a prospective longitudinal study to assess risk factors for nephrolithiasis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. MATERIALS AND ...
Patrikakos Panagiotis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is one of the surgical procedures applied for treating morbid obesity consisting of removing the gastric fundus and transforming the stomach into a narrow gastric tube. The aim of this experimental study is to create a functional model of SG and to present the long-term weight ...
Livhits Masha - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preoperative weight loss before bariatric surgery has been proposed as a predictive factor for improved patient compliance and the degree of excess weight loss achieved after surgery. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of preoperative weight loss on postoperative outcomes. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE ...
Carvalho Gustavo L - - 2011
In this study, a new safer and faster intragastric balloon procedure was also employed to treat pre-obese patients (body mass index (BMI) < 30). From June 2006 to June 2009, 20 such patients were submitted to the Silimed Gastric Balloon treatment, as a part of a multidisciplinary program involving clinical, ...
Efthimiou Evangelos - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Obesity Surgery Mortality Risk Score (OS-MRS) has been proposed as a user-friendly tool for the assessment and risk stratification of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). We assessed the validity of the OS-MRS in 2121 primary RYGB procedures performed at our center during a 25-year period. METHODS: A ...
Foster Gary D - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a commercially available weight loss program on weight and glycemic control among obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Participants included 69 patients (49 females, 20 males) with type 2 diabetes who had a mean +/- SD age of 52.2 ...
Iwahashi Makoto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The double tract (DT) method was compared with the Roux-en-Y (R-Y) method to identify the optimal reconstruction procedure after total gastrectomy for patients with gastric cancer. The DT reconstruction is as simple as the R-Y, and it can be safely performed even after total gastrectomy. However, these have been ...
Verma Swapna - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present prospective and naturalistic study was to examine the effects of antipsychotic medication on weight and serum levels of lipids, glucose and insulin in first-episode psychosis patients. METHOD: Fifty-six patients admitted to the Singapore Early Psychosis Intervention Programme participated in this study. They were assessed ...
Alam I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with reduced heart rate variability (HRV), reflecting detrimental changes in cardiac regulation by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Weight loss reverses this change and ANS dysfunction is thought to have a role in obesity-related cardiac pathology. Few studies have examined the influence of weight-reduction (bariatric) surgery ...
Braghetto Italo - - 2009
Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has been accepted as an option for surgical treatment for obesity. This operation could be associated with motor gastric dysfunction and abnormal gastric emptying. The purpose of this prospective study is to present the results of gastric emptying to liquids and solids using scintigraphy in patients who ...
McCallum R W - - 2010
The aims were to investigate the effects of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on autonomic function, gastric distention and tone, and central control mechanisms in gastroparetic patients. Ten gastroparetic patients refractory to standard medical therapy participated in this study and data were collected at baseline, within two weeks before surgery for ...
Aberle Jens - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that a preoperative weight loss is associated with better long-term outcome, fewer complications, and less time in the operating room in bariatric patients. However, preoperative weight loss is hard to achieve in many patients. METHODS: We, therefore, conducted a study in which 20 bariatric patients ...
Maassen Ralph - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many manufacturers are producing videolaryngoscopes (VLSs) with differing specifications, user interfaces, and geometry. It is clinically relevant to know the relative performance of the blades. Visualization of the glottis and intubation are often problematic in (extremely) obese patients, and the new video technology may offer better functionality and performance. ...
Dalcanale Lorença - - 2010
Weight loss and nutritional status 5 or more years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was prospectively documented. The hypothesis was that even after clinical adaptation, imbalances might still occur. Seventy-five consecutive patients (age 49.3 +/- 10.6 years, 89.3% females) were recruited 83.4 +/- 14.3 months after the intervention. Weight loss and ...
Jacobs Moisés - - 2010
Recently, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been added as a surgical treatment for obesity. We report our 1- and 2-year results with LSG. From September 2005, we have performed 247 LSGs. We retrospectively reviewed our 1- and 2-year data to assess weight loss, body mass index (BMI), percentage excess weight ...
Jeffery Robert W RW University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, Twin Cities Campus, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454-1015, USA. - - 2009
To evaluate a maintenance-tailored therapy (MTT) compared to standard behavior therapy (SBT) for treatment of obesity. change in body weight. A non-blinded, randomized trial comparing effectiveness of MTT and SBT in facilitating sustained weight loss over 18 months; 213 adult volunteers> or =18 years participated. SBT had fixed behavioral goals, ...
Clough Anthony - - 2011
In some bariatric patients with predominantly intra-abdominal fat a shallow fat layer separates the gastric band access port from the skin. We hypothesise that subfascial port placement in these patients reduces skin erosions and port infections and improves cosmesis as weight loss occurs. This study aims to compare port complications, ...
Lanthaler Monika - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to retrospectively assess whether patients were able to maintain their weight after gastric band removal or deflation and how they felt about gastric banding. METHODS: A total of 41 patients (93% female, mean age 34.1 (SD 10.5) years) were included in this study: patients who ...
Olwande Portas Odula - - 2010
The present study was conducted to assess the performance of indigenous chickens under extensive system in southern Nyanza, Kenya. The study was carried out in two phases in Komolorume and Kawere villages in Rongo and Rachuonyo districts, respectively. The first phase was a cross-sectional study in 81 farms selected by ...
Ochner Christopher N CN New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke's Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA. - - 2010
Most US insurance companies require patients to participate in a medically supervised weight loss regimen prior to bariatric surgery. However, the utility of this requirement has not been documented. Data was collected from 94 bariatric surgery patients who were required, and 59 patients who were not required, by their insurance ...
Kamga-Ngandé Carole N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide health problem assuming epidemic proportions. Development of effective clinical interventions is needed to lower the impact of associated morbidity and mortality, without forgetting related costs. We have established an interdisciplinary clinic for obesity management, Unité d'Enseignement, de Traitement et de Recherche sur l'Obésité (UETRO), which ...
Campbell A J D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To measure associations between body weight, growth rate, sex, time of shearing and post-weaning mortality of Merino sheep. DESIGN: Uni- and multivariable survival analyses of sheep mortality during the first year after weaning, using records (n = 3657) from two field experiments conducted in Western Victoria from 1996 to ...
Jackson M P - - 2009
We evaluated 535 consecutive primary cementless total knee replacements (TKR). The mean follow-up was 9.2 years (0.3 to 12.9) and information on implant survival was available for all patients. Patients were divided into two groups: 153 obese patients (BMI > or = 30) and 382 non-obese (BMI < 30). A ...
Tsai Feng-Chou FC Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. - - 2009
In addition to the conventional methods used to improve leg contours, total leg sculpture, including liposuction, selective neurectomy, and transilluminated powered phlebectomy, provides a one-time solution of leg contour problems, which is a major aesthetic concern among Asian women. The authors present the postoperative results of total leg sculpture and ...
Menenakos Evangelos - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to look at laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as a procedure with intent to cure morbid obesity. Secondary endpoints are related to the safety profile of the procedure. METHODS: This is a prospective clinical study conducted in a single university surgical clinic. RESULTS: Two hundred ...
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