Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1961
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Lane R J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Obesity and venous disease are commonly encountered together. The aetiological relationship, however, has not been clear. Popliteal venous compression (PVC) has been encountered both on ultrasound and venographically. In this study, patients with symptoms and/or signs of chronic venous hypertension with PVC were investigated and the relationship to obesity ...
Tomita Ryouichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To clarify the significance of preserving pyloric and hepatic branches of the vagal nerve (PHV) after pylorus preserving distal gastrectomy (PPG) for early gastric cancer, the author investigated the postgastrectomy syndrome and gastric emptying function at 5 years in PPG patients with or without preserving the PHV. METHODS: A ...
Jackson M P - - 2009
The outcome of total hip replacement (THR) is potentially affected by the body mass index (BMI) of the patient. We studied the outcome of 2026 consecutive primary cementless THRs performed for osteoarthritis. The mean follow-up was 6.3 years (0 to 11.71) and no patient was lost to follow-up for survival ...
Arterburn David - - 2009
HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine patient factors associated with mortality among veterans who undergo bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study that uses data from the Veterans Affairs (VA) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. SETTING: Group Health Center for Health Studies, the VA North Texas Health Care System, ...
Kalarchian Melissa A MA Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2009
We evaluated the efficacy of family-based, behavioral weight control in the management of severe pediatric obesity. Participants were 192 children 8.0 to 12.0 years of age (mean +/- SD: 10.2 +/- 1.2 years). The average BMI percentile for age and gender was 99.18 (SD: 0.72). Families were assigned randomly to ...
Navaneethan Sankar D - - 2009
Obesity is an independent risk factor for development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted a systematic review to assess the benefits of intentional weight loss in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD and glomerular hyperfiltration. We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and conference proceedings for randomized, controlled trials and observational studies ...
Park Alyssa M - - 2009
PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery has become an increasingly common form of weight management. Early retrospective reviews have suggested that new onset nephrolithiasis develops in some patients after undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. We present a prospective longitudinal study to assess risk factors for nephrolithiasis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. MATERIALS AND ...
Patrikakos Panagiotis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is one of the surgical procedures applied for treating morbid obesity consisting of removing the gastric fundus and transforming the stomach into a narrow gastric tube. The aim of this experimental study is to create a functional model of SG and to present the long-term weight ...
Livhits Masha - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preoperative weight loss before bariatric surgery has been proposed as a predictive factor for improved patient compliance and the degree of excess weight loss achieved after surgery. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of preoperative weight loss on postoperative outcomes. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE ...
Carvalho Gustavo L - - 2011
In this study, a new safer and faster intragastric balloon procedure was also employed to treat pre-obese patients (body mass index (BMI) < 30). From June 2006 to June 2009, 20 such patients were submitted to the Silimed Gastric Balloon treatment, as a part of a multidisciplinary program involving clinical, ...
Efthimiou Evangelos - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Obesity Surgery Mortality Risk Score (OS-MRS) has been proposed as a user-friendly tool for the assessment and risk stratification of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). We assessed the validity of the OS-MRS in 2121 primary RYGB procedures performed at our center during a 25-year period. METHODS: A ...
Foster Gary D - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a commercially available weight loss program on weight and glycemic control among obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Participants included 69 patients (49 females, 20 males) with type 2 diabetes who had a mean +/- SD age of 52.2 ...
Iwahashi Makoto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The double tract (DT) method was compared with the Roux-en-Y (R-Y) method to identify the optimal reconstruction procedure after total gastrectomy for patients with gastric cancer. The DT reconstruction is as simple as the R-Y, and it can be safely performed even after total gastrectomy. However, these have been ...
Verma Swapna - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present prospective and naturalistic study was to examine the effects of antipsychotic medication on weight and serum levels of lipids, glucose and insulin in first-episode psychosis patients. METHOD: Fifty-six patients admitted to the Singapore Early Psychosis Intervention Programme participated in this study. They were assessed ...
Alam I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with reduced heart rate variability (HRV), reflecting detrimental changes in cardiac regulation by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Weight loss reverses this change and ANS dysfunction is thought to have a role in obesity-related cardiac pathology. Few studies have examined the influence of weight-reduction (bariatric) surgery ...
Braghetto Italo - - 2009
Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has been accepted as an option for surgical treatment for obesity. This operation could be associated with motor gastric dysfunction and abnormal gastric emptying. The purpose of this prospective study is to present the results of gastric emptying to liquids and solids using scintigraphy in patients who ...
McCallum R W - - 2010
The aims were to investigate the effects of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on autonomic function, gastric distention and tone, and central control mechanisms in gastroparetic patients. Ten gastroparetic patients refractory to standard medical therapy participated in this study and data were collected at baseline, within two weeks before surgery for ...
Aberle Jens - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that a preoperative weight loss is associated with better long-term outcome, fewer complications, and less time in the operating room in bariatric patients. However, preoperative weight loss is hard to achieve in many patients. METHODS: We, therefore, conducted a study in which 20 bariatric patients ...
Maassen Ralph - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many manufacturers are producing videolaryngoscopes (VLSs) with differing specifications, user interfaces, and geometry. It is clinically relevant to know the relative performance of the blades. Visualization of the glottis and intubation are often problematic in (extremely) obese patients, and the new video technology may offer better functionality and performance. ...
Dalcanale Lorença - - 2010
Weight loss and nutritional status 5 or more years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass was prospectively documented. The hypothesis was that even after clinical adaptation, imbalances might still occur. Seventy-five consecutive patients (age 49.3 +/- 10.6 years, 89.3% females) were recruited 83.4 +/- 14.3 months after the intervention. Weight loss and ...
Jacobs Moisés - - 2010
Recently, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been added as a surgical treatment for obesity. We report our 1- and 2-year results with LSG. From September 2005, we have performed 247 LSGs. We retrospectively reviewed our 1- and 2-year data to assess weight loss, body mass index (BMI), percentage excess weight ...
Jeffery Robert W RW University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, Twin Cities Campus, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454-1015, USA. - - 2009
To evaluate a maintenance-tailored therapy (MTT) compared to standard behavior therapy (SBT) for treatment of obesity. change in body weight. A non-blinded, randomized trial comparing effectiveness of MTT and SBT in facilitating sustained weight loss over 18 months; 213 adult volunteers> or =18 years participated. SBT had fixed behavioral goals, ...
Clough Anthony - - 2011
In some bariatric patients with predominantly intra-abdominal fat a shallow fat layer separates the gastric band access port from the skin. We hypothesise that subfascial port placement in these patients reduces skin erosions and port infections and improves cosmesis as weight loss occurs. This study aims to compare port complications, ...
Lanthaler Monika - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to retrospectively assess whether patients were able to maintain their weight after gastric band removal or deflation and how they felt about gastric banding. METHODS: A total of 41 patients (93% female, mean age 34.1 (SD 10.5) years) were included in this study: patients who ...
Olwande Portas Odula - - 2010
The present study was conducted to assess the performance of indigenous chickens under extensive system in southern Nyanza, Kenya. The study was carried out in two phases in Komolorume and Kawere villages in Rongo and Rachuonyo districts, respectively. The first phase was a cross-sectional study in 81 farms selected by ...
Ochner Christopher N CN New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke's Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA. - - 2010
Most US insurance companies require patients to participate in a medically supervised weight loss regimen prior to bariatric surgery. However, the utility of this requirement has not been documented. Data was collected from 94 bariatric surgery patients who were required, and 59 patients who were not required, by their insurance ...
Kamga-Ngandé Carole N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide health problem assuming epidemic proportions. Development of effective clinical interventions is needed to lower the impact of associated morbidity and mortality, without forgetting related costs. We have established an interdisciplinary clinic for obesity management, Unité d'Enseignement, de Traitement et de Recherche sur l'Obésité (UETRO), which ...
Campbell A J D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To measure associations between body weight, growth rate, sex, time of shearing and post-weaning mortality of Merino sheep. DESIGN: Uni- and multivariable survival analyses of sheep mortality during the first year after weaning, using records (n = 3657) from two field experiments conducted in Western Victoria from 1996 to ...
Jackson M P - - 2009
We evaluated 535 consecutive primary cementless total knee replacements (TKR). The mean follow-up was 9.2 years (0.3 to 12.9) and information on implant survival was available for all patients. Patients were divided into two groups: 153 obese patients (BMI > or = 30) and 382 non-obese (BMI < 30). A ...
Tsai Feng-Chou FC Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. - - 2009
In addition to the conventional methods used to improve leg contours, total leg sculpture, including liposuction, selective neurectomy, and transilluminated powered phlebectomy, provides a one-time solution of leg contour problems, which is a major aesthetic concern among Asian women. The authors present the postoperative results of total leg sculpture and ...
Menenakos Evangelos - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to look at laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as a procedure with intent to cure morbid obesity. Secondary endpoints are related to the safety profile of the procedure. METHODS: This is a prospective clinical study conducted in a single university surgical clinic. RESULTS: Two hundred ...
Mikami Dean - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Weight gain after gastric bypass can occur in up to 10% of patients 5 years following and in about 20% of patients 10 years following surgery. The nadir weight is usually reached within the first 2 years after bypass surgery. However, weight may slowly be regained for numerous reasons. ...
Hakeam Hakeam A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been recently introduced as a stand-alone, restrictive bariatric surgery. Theoretically, LSG attenuates micronutrients deficiencies and associated complications that typically observed following malabsorptive procedures. The aim of this study was to assess iron indices and the 1-year incidence of iron deficiency in patients undergoing LSG. ...
Todkar Jayashree S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is becoming popular as a stand-alone procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity and related diseases. This retrospective study presents the outcomes of LSG with regard to weight loss and improvement in co-morbidities and quality of life (QOL) at the end of 3 years after ...
Dapri Giovanni - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective consecutive study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of the conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and open vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) into duodenal switch (DS) by laparoscopy. METHODS: From November 2003 to February 2007, laparoscopic conversion into DS was performed ...
Ryskina Kira L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Gastrojejunal anastomotic stricture is the most commonly occurring short-term complication after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Endoscopic balloon dilation is the first-line treatment for stricture. However, an optimal dilation protocol has not been identified. This study aimed to document routine management of stricture after laparoscopic gastric bypass and its impact on ...
Sánchez-Santos Raquel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reports on laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) communicate very good short-term results on very high-risk morbid obese patients. However, mid- and long-term results are still unknown. A National Registry has been created in Spain to achieve information on the outcomes of this bariatric procedure. METHODS: Data were obtained from 17 ...
Khan Rais A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of olanzapine and risperidone on metabolic factors in children and adolescents admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital. METHODS: The study was a retrospective chart review of hospitalized patients younger than 18 years of age treated with olanzapine or risperidone. Data collected from medical charts were ...
Rauch Stefan - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a major risk factor for lower back pain. Fluoroscope-guided medial branch block is a common diagnostic tool in these patients. Although approach to the facet joint guided by ultrasound has been demonstrated successfully in lean patients, its success in obese patients is unknown.We therefore evaluated ...
Yoon Nancy M NM Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, - - 2009
Exenatide is an antidiabctic agent currently indicated as adjunctive therapy with oral agents for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Limited published data exist on the off-label use of exenatide in conjunction with insulin in the treatment of T2DM. The aim of this retrospective study was to examine ...
Odom Jacqueline - - 2010
BACKGROUND: After bariatric surgery, a lifelong threat of weight regain remains. Behavior influences are believed to play a modulating role in this problem. Accordingly, we sought to identify these predictors in patients with extreme obesity after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: In a large tertiary hospital with an established bariatric ...
Kushnir L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that patients who are super-super morbidly obese, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 60 kg/m(2) or higher, have an increased rate of postoperative complications. As surgical techniques and operator experience with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass improved with time, the selection criteria have expanded ...
Braghetto Italo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy is a restrictive procedure for treatment of obese patients with different body mass index (BMI) and presents good results in terms of a reduction of percentage of excess weight loss and BMI. There is no consensus which is the optimal technique regarding to the diameter of the ...
K?per M A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is associated with gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). The aim of this prospective study was to determine esophageal motility in asymptomatic morbidly obese patients and compare it to non-obese individuals. METHODS: Forty-seven morbidly obese patients without GERD symptoms and 15 normal weight individuals were divided into four groups according ...
Adams Ted D TD Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Genetics Division, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. - - 2010
Favorable health outcomes at 2 years postbariatric surgery have been reported. With exception of the Swedish Obesity Subjects (SOS) study, these studies have been surgical case series, comparison of surgery types, or surgery patients compared to subjects enrolled in planned nonsurgical intervention. This study measured gastric bypass effectiveness when compared ...
Busetto L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is increasing in the elderly and it is associated with an increased risk of medical complications, decline in physical function and disability. Very few studies specifically evaluated the outcome of obesity treatment in the aging patients. Aim of this work is therefore the evaluation of the efficacy of ...
Thornburg L L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the rate of completion of anatomic surveys of fetuses in overweight and obese gravid patients as compared with normal controls. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of anatomic ultrasound scans performed between 2004 and 2007. Women were stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) into normal weight ...
Jonker Frederik H W - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of obesity on outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 80 patients (77 men; mean age 75.0+/-7.6 years) undergoing elective EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) between 2001 and 2008. Patients were stratified on presence of obesity [body mass ...
Lavi Ronit - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare intubation difficulty in obese and non-obese patients by intubation difficulty scale (IDS), intubation duration measurement, and oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) levels. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled study. SETTING: Operating room of a tertiary-care hospital. PATIENTS: 204 ASA physical status I, II, and III adult patients who underwent elective surgery ...
Belanger Scott B - - 2010
Researchers have traditionally relied upon various presurgical biopsychosocial measures to predict weight loss success following bariatric surgery. The present study proposed a diagnostic grouping system to predict postsurgical outcome. It was hypothesized that psychosocial and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)/Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) psychometric variables could be used to ...
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