Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1936
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Ochner Christopher N - - 2010
Most US insurance companies require patients to participate in a medically supervised weight loss regimen prior to bariatric surgery. However, the utility of this requirement has not been documented. Data was collected from 94 bariatric surgery patients who were required, and 59 patients who were not required, by their insurance ...
Kamga-Ngandé Carole N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide health problem assuming epidemic proportions. Development of effective clinical interventions is needed to lower the impact of associated morbidity and mortality, without forgetting related costs. We have established an interdisciplinary clinic for obesity management, Unité d'Enseignement, de Traitement et de Recherche sur l'Obésité (UETRO), which ...
Campbell A J D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To measure associations between body weight, growth rate, sex, time of shearing and post-weaning mortality of Merino sheep. DESIGN: Uni- and multivariable survival analyses of sheep mortality during the first year after weaning, using records (n = 3657) from two field experiments conducted in Western Victoria from 1996 to ...
Jackson M P - - 2009
We evaluated 535 consecutive primary cementless total knee replacements (TKR). The mean follow-up was 9.2 years (0.3 to 12.9) and information on implant survival was available for all patients. Patients were divided into two groups: 153 obese patients (BMI > or = 30) and 382 non-obese (BMI < 30). A ...
Tsai Feng-Chou - - 2009
In addition to the conventional methods used to improve leg contours, total leg sculpture, including liposuction, selective neurectomy, and transilluminated powered phlebectomy, provides a one-time solution of leg contour problems, which is a major aesthetic concern among Asian women. The authors present the postoperative results of total leg sculpture and ...
Menenakos Evangelos - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to look at laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as a procedure with intent to cure morbid obesity. Secondary endpoints are related to the safety profile of the procedure. METHODS: This is a prospective clinical study conducted in a single university surgical clinic. RESULTS: Two hundred ...
Mikami Dean - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Weight gain after gastric bypass can occur in up to 10% of patients 5 years following and in about 20% of patients 10 years following surgery. The nadir weight is usually reached within the first 2 years after bypass surgery. However, weight may slowly be regained for numerous reasons. ...
Hakeam Hakeam A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been recently introduced as a stand-alone, restrictive bariatric surgery. Theoretically, LSG attenuates micronutrients deficiencies and associated complications that typically observed following malabsorptive procedures. The aim of this study was to assess iron indices and the 1-year incidence of iron deficiency in patients undergoing LSG. ...
Todkar Jayashree S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is becoming popular as a stand-alone procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity and related diseases. This retrospective study presents the outcomes of LSG with regard to weight loss and improvement in co-morbidities and quality of life (QOL) at the end of 3 years after ...
Dapri Giovanni - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective consecutive study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of the conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and open vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) into duodenal switch (DS) by laparoscopy. METHODS: From November 2003 to February 2007, laparoscopic conversion into DS was performed ...
Ryskina Kira L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Gastrojejunal anastomotic stricture is the most commonly occurring short-term complication after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Endoscopic balloon dilation is the first-line treatment for stricture. However, an optimal dilation protocol has not been identified. This study aimed to document routine management of stricture after laparoscopic gastric bypass and its impact on ...
Sánchez-Santos Raquel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reports on laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) communicate very good short-term results on very high-risk morbid obese patients. However, mid- and long-term results are still unknown. A National Registry has been created in Spain to achieve information on the outcomes of this bariatric procedure. METHODS: Data were obtained from 17 ...
Khan Rais A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of olanzapine and risperidone on metabolic factors in children and adolescents admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital. METHODS: The study was a retrospective chart review of hospitalized patients younger than 18 years of age treated with olanzapine or risperidone. Data collected from medical charts were ...
Yoon Nancy M - - 2009
Background: Exenatide is an antidiabctic agent currently indicated as adjunctive therapy with oral agents for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Limited published data exist on the off-label use of exenatide in conjunction with insulin in the treatment of T2DM. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was ...
Rauch Stefan - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a major risk factor for lower back pain. Fluoroscope-guided medial branch block is a common diagnostic tool in these patients. Although approach to the facet joint guided by ultrasound has been demonstrated successfully in lean patients, its success in obese patients is unknown.We therefore evaluated ...
Odom Jacqueline - - 2010
BACKGROUND: After bariatric surgery, a lifelong threat of weight regain remains. Behavior influences are believed to play a modulating role in this problem. Accordingly, we sought to identify these predictors in patients with extreme obesity after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: In a large tertiary hospital with an established bariatric ...
Kushnir L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that patients who are super-super morbidly obese, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 60 kg/m(2) or higher, have an increased rate of postoperative complications. As surgical techniques and operator experience with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass improved with time, the selection criteria have expanded ...
Braghetto Italo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy is a restrictive procedure for treatment of obese patients with different body mass index (BMI) and presents good results in terms of a reduction of percentage of excess weight loss and BMI. There is no consensus which is the optimal technique regarding to the diameter of the ...
K?per M A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is associated with gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). The aim of this prospective study was to determine esophageal motility in asymptomatic morbidly obese patients and compare it to non-obese individuals. METHODS: Forty-seven morbidly obese patients without GERD symptoms and 15 normal weight individuals were divided into four groups according ...
Adams Ted D - - 2010
Favorable health outcomes at 2 years postbariatric surgery have been reported. With exception of the Swedish Obesity Subjects (SOS) study, these studies have been surgical case series, comparison of surgery types, or surgery patients compared to subjects enrolled in planned nonsurgical intervention. This study measured gastric bypass effectiveness when compared ...
Busetto L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is increasing in the elderly and it is associated with an increased risk of medical complications, decline in physical function and disability. Very few studies specifically evaluated the outcome of obesity treatment in the aging patients. Aim of this work is therefore the evaluation of the efficacy of ...
Thornburg L L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the rate of completion of anatomic surveys of fetuses in overweight and obese gravid patients as compared with normal controls. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of anatomic ultrasound scans performed between 2004 and 2007. Women were stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) into normal weight ...
Jonker Frederik H W - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of obesity on outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 80 patients (77 men; mean age 75.0+/-7.6 years) undergoing elective EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) between 2001 and 2008. Patients were stratified on presence of obesity [body mass ...
Lavi Ronit - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare intubation difficulty in obese and non-obese patients by intubation difficulty scale (IDS), intubation duration measurement, and oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) levels. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled study. SETTING: Operating room of a tertiary-care hospital. PATIENTS: 204 ASA physical status I, II, and III adult patients who underwent elective surgery ...
Belanger Scott B - - 2010
Researchers have traditionally relied upon various presurgical biopsychosocial measures to predict weight loss success following bariatric surgery. The present study proposed a diagnostic grouping system to predict postsurgical outcome. It was hypothesized that psychosocial and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)/Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) psychometric variables could be used to ...
Campos Artur K - - 2009
The dynamics of the passage of conidia, chlamydospores, and mycelia of the fungus Duddingtonia flagrans through the digestive tracts of goats was evaluated. Four groups with five goats each were formed. In the group conidia, each animal received 1 x 10(6) D. flagrans conidia per kilogram of live weight. In ...
de Souza Shirley Aparecida Fabris - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a well-known instrument for assessing the functional capacity of a variety of groups, including the obese. It is a simple, low-cost and easily applied method to objectively assess the level of exercise capacity. The aim of the present study was to study the ...
Braga Fabio Ribeiro - - 2009
The viability of a fungal formulation using the nematode-trapping fungus Duddingtonia flagrans was assessed for the biological control of horse cyathostomin. Two groups (fungus-treated and control without fungus treatment), consisting of eight crossbred mares (3-18 years of age) were fed on Cynodon sp. pasture naturally infected with equine cyathostome larvae. ...
Ramalho Renata - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory status underlying obesity seems to be implicated in several aspects of metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between weight loss achieved by laparoscopic gastric banding (LAGB) surgery, chronic inflammatory markers, and nutritional state. METHODS: Thirty-two morbid obese females were enrolled in the study and ...
Lee Sang Eok - - 2009
The technical difficulty of lymph node dissection in laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) remains a barrier for extending the indication for this modality and limits its widespread clinical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate our institutional guidelines for LADG, limiting the indications for this modality to only clinical ...
Toouli James - - 2009
BACKGROUND: No long-term, international, multicenter studies of the effectiveness and safety of the SAGB in morbid obesity have been previously published. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of the Swedish Adjustable Gastric Band (SAGB) at 6 bariatric centers in Australia, Europe, and Brazil, with ...
Mathurin Philippe - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Severe obesity is implicated in development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Bariatric surgery induces weight loss and increases survival time of obese patients, but little is known about its effects on liver damage. We performed a 5-year prospective study to evaluate fibrosis and nonalcoholic steatosis (NASH) ...
Bajbouj Monther - - 2009
Ablation of gastric inlet patches (GIP) in the cervical esophagus by argon plasma coagulation (APC) can alleviate chronic globus sensations in the throat. We investigated the efficacy of this therapy in a randomized, controlled multicenter trial. Patients with chronic globus sensations and GIP were randomly assigned 1:1 to groups that ...
Lapeña J F JF - - 2009
A one-year-old boy with two months' chronic cough and dysphonia, unresponsive to therapy for pneumonia, had a radiopaque, wedge-shaped tracheal foreign body noted on anteroposterior, but not lateral radiographs, and he eventually became aphonic. Laryngoscopy yielded a subglottic embryonated duck eggshell. Foreign body aspiration should be considered in the presence ...
Mano Akiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The obesity paradox has recently attracted considerable interest in the study of many diseases. In this investigation we examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and prognosis after left ventricular assist system (LVAS) implantation. METHODS: We measured the BMI of 64 patients 3 months after LVAS implantation for ...
Baslaim Ghassan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The major difficulty of pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is optimal intraoperative adjustment. In this study, a target intraoperative shunt ratio (Q(p)/Q(s)) was utilised to evaluate a fixed Trusler's formula for the degree of PAB of infants destined for either univentricular or biventricular surgical route. METHODS: Ten consecutive infants (median ...
Trakhtenbroit Michael A - - 2009
Bariatric surgery reverses obesity-related comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus. Several studies have already described differences in anthropometrics and body composition in patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass compared with laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, but the role of adipokines in the outcomes after the different types of surgery is not known. ...
Mazure R A - - 2009
The intragastric balloon is widely used for weight reduction in obese patients, but results are variable. We describe our results enhancing the importance of a Multidisciplinary Team (MT) taking part in the treatment. A retrospective review was done concerning a total of 119 balloons , placed in 116 patients, under ...
Almarakbi W A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Respiratory function is impaired in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. This study was performed to determine whether repeated lung recruitment combined with PEEP improves respiratory compliance and arterial partial pressure of oxygen (Pa(O2)) in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric banding. METHODS: Sixty patients with BMI >30 kg m(-2) were ...
Absetz Pilvikki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE We study the effectiveness of the GOAL Lifestyle Implementation Trial at the 36-month follow-up. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Participants (n = 352, type 2 diabetes risk score FINDRISC = 16.2 +/- 3.3, BMI 32.6 +/- 5.0 kg/m(2)) received six lifestyle counseling sessions over 8 months. Measurements were at baseline, ...
Madec Yoann - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, access to laboratory tests remains limited, and the use of simple tools such as weight to monitor HIV-infected patients treated with antiretroviral therapy should be evaluated. METHODS: Cohort study of 2451 Cambodian and 2618 Kenyan adults who initiated antiretroviral therapy between 2001 and 2007. The prognostic ...
Woodard Gavitt A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RNYGB) surgery offers an effective and enduring treatment for morbid obesity. Gastric bypass may alter gastrointestinal (GI) flora possibly resulting in bacterial overgrowth and dysmotility. Our hypothesis was that daily use of probiotics would improve GI outcomes after RNYGB. METHODS: Forty-four patients undergoing RNYGB were randomized ...
Larsen Michael C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between gastric wall thickness and BMI. Bariatric surgery patients undergoing a pre-operative screening EGD and patients undergoing endoscopic ultrasound for non-gastric pathology were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients underwent endoscopic ultrasound evaluation with measurements of gastric wall thickness at ...
Breyer Benjamin N BN Department of Urology, University of California, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California 94117, - - 2009
To determine whether obesity increases the risk of urethroplasty failure. A total of 381 patients underwent urethroplasty and had complete body mass index (BMI) data. Stricture recurrence-free survival was defined as subjective and objective improvement in urinary flow, an absence of radiographic evidence of stricture, and no further need for ...
Strain Gladys W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A paucity of information is available on the comparative body composition changes after bariatric procedures. The present study reports on the body mass index (BMI) and body composition changes after 4 procedures by a single group. METHODS: At the initial consultation, the weight and body composition of the patients ...
Morgan Philip J PJ School of Education, Faculty of Education and Arts, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an Internet-based weight-loss program for men in an assessor blinded randomized controlled trial. In total, 65 overweight/obese male staff and students at the University of Newcastle (mean (s.d.) age = 35.9 (11.1) years; BMI = 30.6 (2.8)) were randomly ...
Haapala Irja - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short- and long-term effectiveness and the predictors of weight loss in a mobile phone weight-loss programme among healthy overweight adults. DESIGN: One hundred and twenty-five healthy, overweight (BMI = 26-36 kg/m2), 25-44-year-old, screened volunteers were randomized to an experimental group (n 62) to use a mobile ...
Barbalho-Moulim Marcela Cangussu - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the effects of silicone-ring Roux-en-Y gastric bypass carried out by laparoscopy versus that accomplished by laparotomy on pulmonary function. A total of 26 women (body mass index (BMI) 35-49 kg/m(2)) were studied candidates for silicone-ring Roux-en-Y gastric bypass carried out by laparoscopy ...
Göttig Stephan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The implantation of an intragastric balloon constitutes a short-term effective non-surgical intervention to lose weight. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the clinical outcome and safety of gastric balloon therapy (GBT) in extremely obese patients. METHODS: One hundred and nine super- and super-super-obese patients, 64 males ...
Jin Judy - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D deficiency occurring after gastric bypass procedures can predispose patients to calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) level abnormalities. The aim of the study is to identify preoperative patient risk factors for postoperative vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedures between 2005 ...
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