Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1953
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Talarico Joseph A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effect of group education classes before a Lap-Band procedure has not been well defined. We hypothesized that in a Medicaid population, the completion of a standardized 12-week multidisciplinary preoperative program (SMPP) would significantly improve the preoperative and early postoperative weight loss. All procedures were performed at a University-affiliated ...
Kurian Marina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastric banding has several known complications, including gastric erosion. No clear factors have been determined for the development of band erosion, but technical factors such as covering the buckle of the band have been implicated. The objective of the present study was to determine whether band management after ...
Tsai Adam G - - 2010
Most primary care providers (PCPs), constrained by time and resources, cannot provide intensive behavioral counseling for obesity. This study evaluated the effect of using medical assistants (MAs) as weight loss counselors. The study was a randomized controlled trial conducted in two primary care offices at an academic medical center. Patients ...
Reis L O - - 2010
The effects of weight loss on erectile function and hormones have not been well studied. The aim of this study was to measure the degree to which sexual function and in particular erectile function and hormonal environment change after substantial weight loss, surgically and non-surgically induced in the morbidly obese ...
Simpson John M - - 2010
AIMS: Patients with chronic kidney disease are at high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Increased left ventricular mass (LVM) has been shown to be an adverse prognostic factor. LVM may be indexed for body size by different methods related to height, weight, or body surface area (BSA). Our Null ...
Choi Jenny - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The current National Institutes of Health guidelines have recommended bariatric surgery for patients with a body mass index (BMI) >40 kg/m(2) or BMI >35 kg/m(2) with significant co-morbidities. However, some preliminary studies have shown that patients with a BMI that does not meet these criteria could also experience similar ...
Mintchev Martin P - - 2010
Invasive surgical procedures for gastric volume reduction or bypass have been considered the most effective approach to sustainable long-term weight reduction. However, non-invasive techniques for dynamic volume reduction from inside the stomach are lacking. The aim of this study was to propose temporary, permeable, controllable pseudobezoars for non-invasive, long-term sustainable ...
Coyle Laura A - - 2010
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are slowly gaining acceptance as the treatment of choice in appropriately selected patients with end-stage heart failure who are not transplant candidates. Obesity is a well-known risk factor for increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and frequently can be the reason some patients are turned down ...
Buclin-Thiébaud Sévrine - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the body weight evolution in obese patients admitted for a 2-week residential program and followed-up on ambulatory basis, as well as to evaluate factors having impact on weight evolution after 5 years. Thirty-nine obese patients participated in a 2-week structured interdisciplinary ...
Lind L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We investigated vasoreactivity in conduit and resistance arteries in morbidly obese subjects, and the effect of weight loss after gastric bypass surgery. METHODS: A total of 19 obese subjects (body mass index (BMI): 43.8+/-3.1 kg m(-2), 75% female, mean age ...
Daskalakis Markos - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reoperations due to failures constitute an essential but challenging part of bariatric surgery practice today. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative safety, efficacy, and postoperative quality of life in patients with biliopancreatic diversion (BPD), after failed vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). METHODS: Twelve patients after failed ...
Cantarelli Jo?o - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypovolemia is a hemodynamic disorder occasionally associated with liposuction. The purpose of this study is to settle a safe limit for the volume of aspirate under wet liposuction relating this volume to body weight. The criteria used to establish this limit were based on the Advanced Trauma Life Support ...
Paz-Filho Gilberto Jorge da - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between leptinemia and the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: Fifty-one obese adults (9 men; 36.7 +/- 10.0 years; body mass index (BMI) 46.2 +/- 10.0 kg/m(2)) were submitted to clinical examination, determinations of body fat mass (BF, bioimpedance) and resting energy expenditure (REE, indirect ...
Lin Chao-Cheng - - 2009
Switching to a different second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) with a lower risk of weight gain is recommended for overweight or obese psychiatric patients undergoing SGA treatment. However, there have been no complete reports regarding the long-term metabolic effects of switching to amisulpride. In this open-label 1-year study, we investigated the effects ...
Al-Muqbel Kusai M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of gallbladder emptying acquisition time on gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF) measurement obtained by fatty meal cholescintigraphy (CS). METHODS: During fatty meal cholescintigraphy (CS), GBEF1 and GBEF2 were calculated 20 and 45 min, respectively, post meal ingestion on 50 ...
Sari Ramazan - - 2010
Sibutramine and metformin are drugs commonly used to obtain weight loss. We aimed to compare the effects of sibutramine alone with that of sibutramine plus metformin combination on weight loss, insulin sensitivity, leptin and C reactive protein in obese women. Seventy obese women were included. After a diet period of ...
Willkomm Christopher M - - 2010
Weight loss surgery in patients >65 years old has been underused, secondary to the morbidity and mortality concerns of healthcare providers. Comparative outcomes analyses of this patient population have been lacking. The purpose of the present report was to evaluate the safety and outcome of gastric bypass in patients >65 ...
De Paula Aureo L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the results of 2 versions of laparoscopic ileal interposition (II) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and body mass index of 21-34 kg/m(2). METHODS: The laparoscopic procedures were prospectively and randomly ...
Heinberg Leslie J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Most bariatric programs require a preoperative psychological evaluation. The criteria for such decision-making and acceptance rates have been well described in published reports. Most programs have made categorical distinctions of accept, reject, or delay, although this limits utility. METHODS: Bariatric surgery candidates (n = 389; 77.1% women; 74.3% white; ...
Sabbagh Charles - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is an alternative to gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (GB). METHODS: From January 2004 to January 2006, 111 patients with a follow-up longer than 24 months were prospectively followed. Three treatment groups were defined. Sleeve gastrectomy as first procedure (SGFP; n = 50), sleeve ...
Frankenstein Lutz - - 2009
To verify whether controlling for indicators of disease severity and confounders represents a solution to the obesity paradox in chronic heart failure (CHF). From a cohort of 1790 patients, we formed 230 nested matched triplets by individually matching patients with body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m(2) (Group 3), BMI ...
Skaggs David L - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of patients from a multicenter database. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional status of children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS) and to determine if treatment with vertical expandable prosthetic titanium ribs (VEPTR) leads to improvements in weight percentile. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Children with pulmonary insufficiency characteristically ...
Chang Hao-Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a higher risk of developing postoperative pulmonary complications. Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) is accepted as a standard treatment for early gastric cancer. We sought to compare the clinical presentation and complications associated with LG and open gastrectomy (OG) to define the role ...
Oh Sung Jin - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The electrosurgical device ("Bovie") is widely used in various surgical fields. The aim of this study was to introduce a simple method only using Bovie in the trimming of soft tissues along the lesser and greater curvature in gastric cancer surgery. METHODOLOGY: Thirty three patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who ...
Raju Seshadri - - 2009
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) in the obese, often with severe clinical manifestations, is increasingly encountered in clinical practice. The association has drawn special interest as the pathophysiology may be different from that seen in the non-obese. The disease poses special management problems in the obese as traditional conservative measures are ...
Habib Phillip - - 2009
This study was designed to assess the effects of bariatric weight loss surgery on structural, functional, and inflammatory markers of coronary atherosclerosis. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic and an independent risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis. It remains unclear whether surgically induced weight loss reduces cardiovascular risk. This prospective study enrolled ...
Martin L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common after oesophageal cancer surgery. This study investigated weight changes and the risk of malnutrition among long-term survivors. METHODS: A nationwide cohort study was conducted in Sweden in 2001-2004, with follow-up to 2008. Weight was assessed before oesophagectomy, after 6 months and at 3 years. Logistic regression ...
Muthangya Mutemi - - 2009
Sisal leaf decortications residue (SLDR) is amongst the most abundant agro-industrial residues in Tanzania and is a good feedstock for biogas production. Pre-treatment of the residue prior to its anaerobic digestion (AD) was investigated using a two-stage pre-treatment approach with two fungal strains, CCHT-1 and Trichoderma reesei in succession in ...
Abbatini F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) with that of laparoscopic gastric bypass (GBP) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (AGB) for glucose homeostasis in morbidly obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at a 3-year follow-up assessment and to elucidate the role of ...
DiGiorgi Mary - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that type 2 diabetes (T2DM) improves or resolves shortly after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Few data are available on T2DM recurrence or the effect of weight regain on T2DM status. METHODS: A review of 42 RYGB patients with T2DM and >or=3 years of follow-up and laboratory ...
Acevedo A - - 2010
Ambulatory hernia surgery under local anesthesia is becoming more widely used worldwide. Although many reports include obese patients, there are no studies that report specifically on the feasibility and safety of ambulatory hernia surgery in this category of patients. This paper documents our experience in this respect. The present investigation ...
Savastano Silvia - - 2010
In obese patients, subtle variations of the hydration of soft tissues can propagate errors in bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) measures of body composition. Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) is a useful method to evaluate tissue hydration. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a purely restrictive bariatric surgical procedure resulting in ...
Forlano Rosario - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In obese patients, positioning of the BioEnterics intragastric balloon (BIB) proved beneficial for weight loss, but the effect of the device on ameliorating some components of the metabolic syndrome associated with obesity remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of BIB insertion on weight control and amelioration of components ...
Bohdjalian Arthur - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Different surgical techniques have been developed for the gastrojejunostomy (GJS) in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) with the anastomosis performed in a circular-stapled, linear-stapled, or totally hand-sewn way. No technique seems superior to the other as no consistent data on weight loss or complication rates were described. METHODS: A ...
Cherian P Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), patients usually undergo follow-up (FU) to optimize weight loss and detect complications, with band-volume adjustment performed either under radiological or clinical guidance with no current consensus on what is the best standard of care. We, therefore, analyzed our patient cohort to identify differences ...
White Marney A MA Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, PO Box 208098, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. - - 2010
This study examined the clinical significance of loss of control (LOC) over eating in bariatric surgery patients over 24 months of prospective, multiwave follow-ups. Three hundred sixty-one gastric bypass surgery patients completed a battery of assessments before surgery and at 6, 12, and 24 months following surgery. In addition to ...
Papalazarou Anastasios - - 2010
The present study was designed to evaluate the 3 year effects of a lifestyle intervention on weight loss and maintenance, dietary, and physical activity habits and eating behavior of patients following vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG). Thirty severely obese female volunteers were included in the study and they were randomly assigned ...
Ciangura Cecile - - 2010
Little is known on patterns of change over time in body composition, especially lean body mass (LBM), during massive weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in obese patients. We performed sequential measurements of total and regional body composition in patients after RYGB, and we compared a subsample of patients ...
Pournaras Dimitrios J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment option for obesity, and gut hormones are implicated in the reduction of appetite and weight after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Although there is increasing interest in the gut hormone changes after gastric bypass, the long-term changes have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Thirty-four ...
Caterson Ian - - 2010
The Sibutramine Cardiovascular Outcomes (SCOUT) trial protocol defines a patient population predominantly outside current European Union label criteria. This article explores responses to sibutramine during the 6-week, single-blind, lead-in period between patients who conformed to the label requirements ("conformers") and those who did not ("nonconformers"). SCOUT is an ongoing, randomized, ...
Lakdawala Muffazal A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity as a procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity. Its indications and long-term results are currently under evaluation. Initially started as a first-stage procedure for superobese patients, it is now emerging as a standalone procedure in Asia and other parts of the ...
Sakurazawa N - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: In recent years, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been applied for the treatment of gastric tumors, and the en-bloc resection rate of early gastric cancer has greatly improved. Herein, we introduce spring-assisted ESD, for quicker submucosal dissection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ESD was carried out in 32 ...
Lane R J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Obesity and venous disease are commonly encountered together. The aetiological relationship, however, has not been clear. Popliteal venous compression (PVC) has been encountered both on ultrasound and venographically. In this study, patients with symptoms and/or signs of chronic venous hypertension with PVC were investigated and the relationship to obesity ...
Tomita Ryouichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To clarify the significance of preserving pyloric and hepatic branches of the vagal nerve (PHV) after pylorus preserving distal gastrectomy (PPG) for early gastric cancer, the author investigated the postgastrectomy syndrome and gastric emptying function at 5 years in PPG patients with or without preserving the PHV. METHODS: A ...
Jackson M P - - 2009
The outcome of total hip replacement (THR) is potentially affected by the body mass index (BMI) of the patient. We studied the outcome of 2026 consecutive primary cementless THRs performed for osteoarthritis. The mean follow-up was 6.3 years (0 to 11.71) and no patient was lost to follow-up for survival ...
Arterburn David - - 2009
HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine patient factors associated with mortality among veterans who undergo bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study that uses data from the Veterans Affairs (VA) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. SETTING: Group Health Center for Health Studies, the VA North Texas Health Care System, ...
Kalarchian Melissa A MA Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2009
We evaluated the efficacy of family-based, behavioral weight control in the management of severe pediatric obesity. Participants were 192 children 8.0 to 12.0 years of age (mean +/- SD: 10.2 +/- 1.2 years). The average BMI percentile for age and gender was 99.18 (SD: 0.72). Families were assigned randomly to ...
Navaneethan Sankar D - - 2009
Obesity is an independent risk factor for development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted a systematic review to assess the benefits of intentional weight loss in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD and glomerular hyperfiltration. We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and conference proceedings for randomized, controlled trials and observational studies ...
Park Alyssa M - - 2009
PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery has become an increasingly common form of weight management. Early retrospective reviews have suggested that new onset nephrolithiasis develops in some patients after undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. We present a prospective longitudinal study to assess risk factors for nephrolithiasis after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. MATERIALS AND ...
Patrikakos Panagiotis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is one of the surgical procedures applied for treating morbid obesity consisting of removing the gastric fundus and transforming the stomach into a narrow gastric tube. The aim of this experimental study is to create a functional model of SG and to present the long-term weight ...
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