Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1961
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Laurenius Anna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (LDS) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are the main surgical options for super-obese patients (body mass index >50 kg/m(2)). METHODS: We performed a medium long-term evaluation of 13 super-obese patients who had undergone LDS compared with a control group of 19 patients who had ...
Gandhi Rajiv - - 2010
Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for the development of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) and may play a role in exacerbating existing disease. Therefore, we hypothesized that obese patients would present for hip and knee replacement surgery at a younger age than nonobese patients. From our registry, ...
Bond Dale S DS Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, The Miriam Hospital/Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. - - 2010
Bariatric surgery patients report significant pre- to postoperative increases in physical activity (PA). However, it is unclear whether objective measures would corroborate these changes. The present study compared self-reported and accelerometer-based estimates of changes in moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) from pre- (pre-op) to 6 months postsurgery (post-op). Twenty bariatric surgery ...
Kruseman Maaike - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Long-term data on patients with obesity outcome after bariatric surgery are lacking. The goal was to document dietary and anthropometric changes more than 5 years after surgery, as well as patients' eating behavior, psychological state, and quality of life. METHODS: A cohort of 80 women (mean age ...
Tomaszewski Jeffrey J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Obesity places surgical patients at a greater risk of complications. The effects of obesity on outcomes and complications from percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to stratify outcome and morbidity of PCNL with respect to body mass index (BMI) in a ...
Diao Mei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, an adult's standard of a 40-cm loop is adopted in Roux-Y hepatojejunostomy (RYHJ) in choledochal cyst (CDC) in children, irrespective of patient size. The redundant length of the jejunal limb may lead to complications. We compared the outcome of an individualized short Roux loop with the standard loop ...
Dowsey M M - - 2010
We carried out a prospective, continuous study on 529 patients who underwent primary total knee replacement between January 2006 and December 2007 at a major teaching hospital. The aim was to investigate weight change and the functional and clinical outcome in non-obese and obese groups at 12 months post-operatively. The ...
Wollina U - - 2010
We evaluated the outcome and risks of tumescence liposuction in patients with advanced lipedema or Dercum's disease. Six patients treated at a single center during the years 2004 to 2008 have been included. All patients were female and obese (body mass index 34 to 41.9; mean 38.2+/-3.8) with an age ...
Van Gompel Jamie J - - 2010
OBJECT: Obesity as a consequence of management of pediatric craniopharyngioma is a well-described phenomenon related to the degree of hypothalamic involvement. However, weight change and obesity have not been analyzed in adult patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was 1) to evaluate the pattern of postoperative weight gain related ...
Shin Suk Hee - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies between pre- and postoperative diagnoses can lead to dilemma for operative management adequacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 2,910 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma underwent curative surgery at the Samsung Medical Center between 2001 and 2003. Patients were divided into four groups: early gastric cancer (EGC)-EGC group that ...
Costa-Ferreira António A Department of Plastic Surgery, São João Hospital, Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal. - - 2010
Preservation of the Scarpa fascia has been suggested as a way of lowering complications associated with conventional abdominoplasty. Objective evidence regarding this strategy is lacking. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of preserving the Scarpa fascia in the infraumbilical area during a full abdominoplasty. A prospective ...
Di Lorenzo Nicola - - 2010
AIM: Retrospective multicenter analysis of the results of two different approaches for band positioning: perigastric and pars flaccida. METHODS: Data were collected from the database of the Italian Group for LapBand (GILB). Patients operated from January 2001 to December 2004 were selected according to criteria of case-control studies to compare ...
Meredith Dennis S - - 2010
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Recurrent herniation of the nucleus pulposus (HNP) frequently causes poor outcomes after lumbar discectomy. The relationship between obesity and recurrent HNP has not previously been reported. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of obesity with recurrent HNP after lumbar microdiscectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective ...
Miyake Hideaki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the association between body mass index (BMI) and perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) in Japanese patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: This study included 108 consecutive Japanese patients undergoing LRN for RCC between April 2001 and March 2009. ...
Lopez-Nava Gontrand - - 2011
The BioEnterics® Intragastric Balloon (BIB®) is a well-established device for temporary treatment in morbidly obese patients. The aim of this study is the evaluation, in a population of 714 consecutive outpatient setting cases, BIB® results in terms of weight loss and comorbidity change. BIB® was positioned in all cases after ...
Gersin Keith S KS Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina 28203, - - 2010
The duodenojejunal bypass liner (DJBL) (EndoBarrier Gastrointestinal Liner) is an endoscopically placed and removable intestinal liner that creates a duodenojejunal bypass resulting in weight loss and improvement in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Weight loss before bariatric surgery to decrease perioperative complications. Prospective, randomized, sham-controlled trial. Multicenter, tertiary care, teaching hospitals. ...
Fitzgibbon Marian L - - 2010
Obesity is a chronic condition that is prevalent in black women. The Obesity Reduction Black Intervention Trial (ORBIT) was a randomized controlled weight loss and weight-loss maintenance (WLM) trial. Participants (N = 213) were randomized to the intervention or control groups in August 2005 and September 2006. Follow-up data were ...
Sivagnanam Piriyah - - 2010
In this study we examine the importance of regular postoperative follow-up and the effect of geographical distance from the centre of follow-up on long-term weight loss after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Between 1997 and 2009, 150 patients underwent LAGB. Postoperatively, patients were invited to attend a monthly nurse-led follow-up ...
Del Prete Jennifer C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-known risk factor for coronary artery disease. The objective of our study was to examine the impact of obesity on long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using prospectively gathered data, we reviewed records of 1163 consecutive patients who underwent isolated primary ...
Ozer Ilter - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of advanced age on early postoperative results and to investigate risk factors for mortality in Turkish gastric cancer patients. From 2002 to 2007, 549 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer were divided into two groups as patients younger than ...
Buse John B - - 2010
In the Diabetes Therapy Utilization: Researching Changes in A1C, Weight and Other Factors Through Intervention with Exenatide Once Weekly (DURATION-1) study, the safety and efficacy of 30 weeks of treatment with the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist exenatide once weekly (exenatide QW; 2 mg) was compared with exenatide BID in 295 ...
Trefz Friedrich K - - 2010
Treatment with tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), the natural cofactor of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), can reduce blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels in patients with BH4-responsive phenylketonuria (PKU). A number of studies has reported on the short-term BH4 treatment of patients with PKU, but long-term data are lacking. Here, we describe the effects of long-term ...
de Luis Daniel Antonio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective long-term treatment for morbid obesity, reducing obesity-associated comorbidities. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate Lys656Asn polymorphism of leptin receptor gene on outcomes 1 year after biliopancreatic diversion. METHODS: A sample of 41 morbidly obese patients (body mass index (BMI) > ...
Boza Camilo - - 2010
Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for morbid obesity. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are commonly performed procedures. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the long-term outcomes after LRYGB and LAGB. We studied the data from a prospective database ...
Wool Daniel B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity and bariatric surgery are both risk factors for the development of postoperative rhabdomyolysis (RML). RML results from injury to skeletal muscle, and a serum creatine phosphokinase (CK) level >1,000 IU/L is considered diagnostic of RML. The aim of this study was to determine if intraoperative intravenous fluid ...
Bobo William V - - 2010
Melperone is an atypical antipsychotic drug that has been reported to be effective in treatment-resistant schizophrenia and L-DOPA psychosis. There are limited data concerning its effect on weight or body mass index (BMI). Weight and BMI were retrospectively compared in patients with schizophrenia treated with melperone (n=34), clozapine (n=225), or ...
Tanaka Minori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Weight control has been major health issue in the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases especially among middle-aged working males in Japan. The computerized behavioral program is expected as an effective and feasible intervention tool. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine two hypotheses. The first was that first ...
Woodard Gavitt A - - 2010
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the industrialized world with obesity as a leading preventable risk factor. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) have been shown to improve certain biochemical cardiovascular risk factors (BCRFs) at 1 year post-op, however no study ...
Fernandez-Esparrach Gloria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Gastrogastric fistulas (GGFs) are a well-known complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Surgical repair of such fistulas is technically difficult, with significant associated morbidity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic GGF closure at a university hospital in the United States. METHODS: Patients with ...
Blackstone Robin P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Psychological evaluations are used to ascertain patient suitability for bariatric surgery and to challenge their ability to comply with therapy. The modern paradigm of obesity includes a neurobiologic component working in parallel with the limbic system of appetite and reward. To achieve the goals of surgery, an evaluation of ...
Batsis John A - - 2010
We identified all total knee arthroplasty patients between 1996 and 2004 and classified them by preoperative body mass index (BMI) as normal (BMI, 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)), overweight (BMI, 25.0-29.9 kg/m(2)), obese (30-34.9 kg/m(2)), or morbidly obese (≥ 35.0 kg/m(2)). Of 5521 patients, 769 had a normal BMI, 1938 were overweight, 1539 ...
O'Brien Paul E PE Centre for Obesity Research and Education, Monash University Medical School, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, 3004, Australia. - - 2010
Adolescent obesity is a common and serious health problem affecting more than 5 million young people in the United States alone. Bariatric surgery is being evaluated as a possible treatment option. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (gastric banding) has the potential to provide a safe and effective treatment. To compare the ...
Schouten Ruben - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The endoscopically placed duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve or EndoBarrier Gastrointestinal Liner has been designed to achieve weight loss in morbidly obese patients. We report on the first European experience with this device. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized clinical trial was performed. Forty-one patients were included and 30 underwent sleeve implantation. Eleven ...
Lee Georgia S K - - 2010
The clinical practice of using carbon dioxide therapy for localized adiposities was audited over a 4-year period. Patients receiving physical, dietary, or drug concurrent therapy were excluded from the audit. Original measurements in terms of mean +/- standard error of the mean (SEM) were compared with those obtained after five ...
Gehrer Simone - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in micronutrients after bariatric operations are frequent, despite routine supplementation. Main outcome measures were pre- and postoperative frequency of nutrient deficiencies and success rate of their treatment. METHODS: Between 5/2004 and 12/2006, 136 patients (m:f = 0:4) with an average body mass index of 45 (35-58) kg/m(2) and ...
Ryan Donna H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Effective primary care practice (PCP) treatments are needed for extreme obesity. The Louisiana Obese Subjects Study (LOSS) tested whether, with brief training, PCPs could effectively implement weight loss for individuals with a body mass index (BMI) (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) of 40 ...
Iannelli Antonio - - 2010
Abdominoplasty has become a popular body-contouring procedure among patients with deformity resulting from massive weight loss. We present the results of a randomized controlled trial comparing the PlasmaJet® System (PJS) and conventional monopolar electrocautery for the treatment of the dissection surfaces in patients undergoing corrective abdominoplasty following massive weight loss. ...
Bohdjalian Arthur - - 2010
Due to excellent efficacy for weight loss in the short-term follow-up, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has gained enormous popularity as bariatric procedure, not only as first step in high-risk or super-obese patients but mainly as a sole and definitive operation in morbidly obese. In contrast to a large number of short ...
Valderas Juan P JP Department of Nutrition, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Marcoleta 367, 6510260 Santiago, Chile. - - 2010
The effects of medical and surgical treatments for obesity on peptide YY (PYY) levels, in patients with similar weight loss, remain unclear. The objective of the study was to assess PYY and appetite before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and medical treatment (MED). This was a ...
Ay L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with morbid obesity (MO; body mass index > 40 kg m(-2)) suffer from an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, venous thromboembolism and all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: Because weight loss by bariatric surgery reduces cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, we hypothesized that the plasmatic clotting system might be involved in ...
Sakçak Ibrahim - - 2010
There are differences in the levels of inflammation mediators, lipids, and formed elements of the blood in morbidly obese patients compared with individuals of normal weight. In the current study, the change in these parameters was determined in patients who achieved weight loss by undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) ...
Hauser Debra L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcomes following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LREYGB) in veteran patients. The VA bariatric population differs from its counterpart in the private sector by the predominance of a male population, a higher percentage of patients from a lower socioeconomic background, ...
Jakobsen Gunn Signe - - 2010
Bariatric surgery particularly benefits patients with obesity-related comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea. We aimed to examine whether the variables that influence treatment choice differ between morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and those opting for conservative treatments. A total of 505 consecutive morbidly obese patients ...
Thuny Franck - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota play a major role in digestion and energy conversion of nutrients. Antibiotics, such as avoparcin (a vancomycin analogue), and probiotics, such as Lactobacillus species, have been used to increase weight in farm animals. We tested the effect of antibiotics given for infective endocarditis (IE) on weight gain ...
Peker Yasin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The intragastric balloon (IGB) procedure is an obesity treatment. METHODS: A BioEnteric IGB was used in 33 patients between February 2006 and February 2009. RESULTS: Of the 31 patients, 19 were female (61.3%). Mean age was 35.48 +/- 9.31 years. Following intravenous sedation, the balloon was inserted and inflated ...
Halpern Alfredo - - 2010
Objective. To assess the efficacy and tolerability of the association sibutramine (10-20 mg/day) and orlistat (120 mg 2-3 times a day) in the treatment of obesity in a six-month open trial. Methods. 446 overweight and obese patients who sought treatment for obesity in a private clinic were assessed every 2 weeks during ...
Polat F - - 2010
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is widely used for the treatment of morbidly obese patients. We prospectively evaluated the effect of LAGB since 1995. Between March 1995 and August 2003, 232 morbidly obese patients underwent LAGB. The pars flaccida technique was used in the majority of the patients. Data were ...
Bennett Damien - - 2010
Morbidly obese patients experienced significantly longer operation times (66 minutes) and longer wounds (14.2 cm) compared to normal THA patients (58 minutes and 12.1 cm respectively). However, intra-operative anaesthetic time and length of hospital stay were not significantly different between the MO and normal patients. Improvements in patient outcomes following ...
Järvenpää J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity has been linked to the development of osteoarthritis of the knee and increases the probability to fall into total knee arthroplasty. In this study we compared short-term outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in non-obese and obese patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients ...
J?rvenp?? J - - 2010
Background and Aims: Obesity has been linked to the development of osteoarthritis of the knee and increases the probability to fall into total knee arthroplasty. In this study we compared short-term outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in non-obese and obese patients. Material and Methods: A total of 100 patients ...
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