Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1974
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Beyer Daniel Alexander - - 2011
To evaluate the impact of maternal obesity on labour, intrapartual assessment and delivery. Retrospective cohort analysis of n = 11,681 deliveries supervised between 01 January 2000 and 31 December 2009. Results were analysed dividing the patients into two main groups according to their body mass index (BMI): group 1, control: BMI 18-24.9 ...
Yoshida Hitoshi - - 2010
To assess the efficacy of three different methods for internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation in pediatric patients, we conducted a review of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery over an 11-year period, in which success rates for cannulation and time from induction of anesthesia to cannulation were evaluated. The success rate was ...
Radtka John F JF - - 2010
Revisional bariatric surgery (RBS) outcomes have been poorly characterized. We compared the RBS and primary bariatric surgery (PBS) outcomes at the Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center in the United States. A total of 72 RBS cases from 2000 to 2007 were reviewed and grouped by indication: failure of ...
Swanson Todd W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to review 5 years of laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) procedures in which low-pressure bands were used. METHODS: All LAGB cases at the authors' center were retrospectively analyzed. A survey of these patients was conducted in 2008 and 2009. RESULTS: Of 90 LAGB ...
Kimura T - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: A multicenter Phase I/II study of Irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11; 40-45 mg/m(2)/dose) was conducted for the treatment of refractory pediatric solid tumors. The pharmacokinetics of CPT-11 and its metabolites were characterized using both traditional noncompartmental analysis and population pharmacokinetics using NONMEM VI; pharmacokinetic pharmacodynamic relationships of SN-38 with indices of ...
Huang Kuo-Hung - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Palliative resection for noncurable gastric cancer remains controversial, especially in the elderly. This retrospective study was designed to elucidate the clinicopathological factors and operative outcome in patients undergoing palliative gastric resection. METHODS: From January 1988 to December 2008, 365 patients received palliative gastrectomy while 151 underwent exploratory laparotomy or ...
Lumachi Franco - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between oxygen partial pressure (pO(2)), awake oxymetric saturation (SpO(2)), body mass index (BMI), and percentage of excess weight loss (EWL) in extremely severe obesity (BMI >50 kg m(-2)) and hypoxemia, before and after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. PATIENTS AND ...
Panahi Yunes - - 2010
The objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of oral bovine colostrum in the management of nonorganic failure to thrive (FTT). In a randomized clinical trial, 120 children (1-10 years of age) of either sex with mild or moderate nonorganic FTT were divided into 2 groups. Both ...
Duggins Maurice - - 2010
Treatment studies about childhood obesity in primary care are lacking. We hypothesized that providing a paid family membership to the YMCA would be effective in reducing weight. Patients 5 to17 years old in at least the 85th body mass index (BMI) percentile were eligible. All participants were scheduled to attend ...
Singh Kimberly A - - 2010
Reducing breast size for women with macromastia does more than provide symptomatic relief. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether reduction mammaplasty was felt to be a stimulus for postoperative weight loss, subjective glucose control, and improved self-confidence. All patients who underwent reduction mammaplasty at Emory University Hospital ...
Yamada Hiroyuki - - 2011
The present study investigated the efficacy of preserving the celiac branch of the vagus nerve after laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) with Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstruction. Between January 2004 and September 2008, a total of 159 consecutive patients who underwent LADG for gastric carcinoma were classified into groups according to preservation of ...
Heinberg Leslie J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical guidelines have identified current alcohol or substance abuse as contraindications for weight loss surgery. Past research has indicated that a lifetime history of any substance use disorder is significantly greater in those seeking weight loss surgery than the population base rate. However, current substance abuse has been ...
Tamboli Robyn A - - 2010
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery has become an accepted treatment for excessive obesity. We conducted a longitudinal study to assess regional body composition, muscle proteolysis, and energy expenditure before RYGB, and 6 and 12 months after RYGB. Whole-body and regional fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) were assessed via ...
Laurenius Anna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (LDS) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are the main surgical options for super-obese patients (body mass index >50 kg/m(2)). METHODS: We performed a medium long-term evaluation of 13 super-obese patients who had undergone LDS compared with a control group of 19 patients who had ...
Gandhi Rajiv - - 2010
Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for the development of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) and may play a role in exacerbating existing disease. Therefore, we hypothesized that obese patients would present for hip and knee replacement surgery at a younger age than nonobese patients. From our registry, ...
Bond Dale S DS Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, The Miriam Hospital/Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. - - 2010
Bariatric surgery patients report significant pre- to postoperative increases in physical activity (PA). However, it is unclear whether objective measures would corroborate these changes. The present study compared self-reported and accelerometer-based estimates of changes in moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) from pre- (pre-op) to 6 months postsurgery (post-op). Twenty bariatric surgery ...
Kruseman Maaike - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Long-term data on patients with obesity outcome after bariatric surgery are lacking. The goal was to document dietary and anthropometric changes more than 5 years after surgery, as well as patients' eating behavior, psychological state, and quality of life. METHODS: A cohort of 80 women (mean age ...
Tomaszewski Jeffrey J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Obesity places surgical patients at a greater risk of complications. The effects of obesity on outcomes and complications from percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to stratify outcome and morbidity of PCNL with respect to body mass index (BMI) in a ...
Diao Mei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, an adult's standard of a 40-cm loop is adopted in Roux-Y hepatojejunostomy (RYHJ) in choledochal cyst (CDC) in children, irrespective of patient size. The redundant length of the jejunal limb may lead to complications. We compared the outcome of an individualized short Roux loop with the standard loop ...
Dowsey M M - - 2010
We carried out a prospective, continuous study on 529 patients who underwent primary total knee replacement between January 2006 and December 2007 at a major teaching hospital. The aim was to investigate weight change and the functional and clinical outcome in non-obese and obese groups at 12 months post-operatively. The ...
Wollina U - - 2010
We evaluated the outcome and risks of tumescence liposuction in patients with advanced lipedema or Dercum's disease. Six patients treated at a single center during the years 2004 to 2008 have been included. All patients were female and obese (body mass index 34 to 41.9; mean 38.2+/-3.8) with an age ...
Van Gompel Jamie J - - 2010
OBJECT: Obesity as a consequence of management of pediatric craniopharyngioma is a well-described phenomenon related to the degree of hypothalamic involvement. However, weight change and obesity have not been analyzed in adult patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was 1) to evaluate the pattern of postoperative weight gain related ...
Shin Suk Hee - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies between pre- and postoperative diagnoses can lead to dilemma for operative management adequacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 2,910 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma underwent curative surgery at the Samsung Medical Center between 2001 and 2003. Patients were divided into four groups: early gastric cancer (EGC)-EGC group that ...
Costa-Ferreira António A Department of Plastic Surgery, São João Hospital, Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal. - - 2010
Preservation of the Scarpa fascia has been suggested as a way of lowering complications associated with conventional abdominoplasty. Objective evidence regarding this strategy is lacking. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of preserving the Scarpa fascia in the infraumbilical area during a full abdominoplasty. A prospective ...
Di Lorenzo Nicola - - 2010
AIM: Retrospective multicenter analysis of the results of two different approaches for band positioning: perigastric and pars flaccida. METHODS: Data were collected from the database of the Italian Group for LapBand (GILB). Patients operated from January 2001 to December 2004 were selected according to criteria of case-control studies to compare ...
Meredith Dennis S - - 2010
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Recurrent herniation of the nucleus pulposus (HNP) frequently causes poor outcomes after lumbar discectomy. The relationship between obesity and recurrent HNP has not previously been reported. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of obesity with recurrent HNP after lumbar microdiscectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective ...
Miyake Hideaki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the association between body mass index (BMI) and perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) in Japanese patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: This study included 108 consecutive Japanese patients undergoing LRN for RCC between April 2001 and March 2009. ...
Lopez-Nava Gontrand - - 2011
The BioEnterics® Intragastric Balloon (BIB®) is a well-established device for temporary treatment in morbidly obese patients. The aim of this study is the evaluation, in a population of 714 consecutive outpatient setting cases, BIB® results in terms of weight loss and comorbidity change. BIB® was positioned in all cases after ...
Gersin Keith S KS Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina 28203, - - 2010
The duodenojejunal bypass liner (DJBL) (EndoBarrier Gastrointestinal Liner) is an endoscopically placed and removable intestinal liner that creates a duodenojejunal bypass resulting in weight loss and improvement in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Weight loss before bariatric surgery to decrease perioperative complications. Prospective, randomized, sham-controlled trial. Multicenter, tertiary care, teaching hospitals. ...
Fitzgibbon Marian L - - 2010
Obesity is a chronic condition that is prevalent in black women. The Obesity Reduction Black Intervention Trial (ORBIT) was a randomized controlled weight loss and weight-loss maintenance (WLM) trial. Participants (N = 213) were randomized to the intervention or control groups in August 2005 and September 2006. Follow-up data were ...
Sivagnanam Piriyah - - 2010
In this study we examine the importance of regular postoperative follow-up and the effect of geographical distance from the centre of follow-up on long-term weight loss after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Between 1997 and 2009, 150 patients underwent LAGB. Postoperatively, patients were invited to attend a monthly nurse-led follow-up ...
Del Prete Jennifer C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-known risk factor for coronary artery disease. The objective of our study was to examine the impact of obesity on long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using prospectively gathered data, we reviewed records of 1163 consecutive patients who underwent isolated primary ...
Ozer Ilter - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of advanced age on early postoperative results and to investigate risk factors for mortality in Turkish gastric cancer patients. From 2002 to 2007, 549 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer were divided into two groups as patients younger than ...
Buse John B - - 2010
In the Diabetes Therapy Utilization: Researching Changes in A1C, Weight and Other Factors Through Intervention with Exenatide Once Weekly (DURATION-1) study, the safety and efficacy of 30 weeks of treatment with the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist exenatide once weekly (exenatide QW; 2 mg) was compared with exenatide BID in 295 ...
Trefz Friedrich K - - 2010
Treatment with tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), the natural cofactor of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), can reduce blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels in patients with BH4-responsive phenylketonuria (PKU). A number of studies has reported on the short-term BH4 treatment of patients with PKU, but long-term data are lacking. Here, we describe the effects of long-term ...
de Luis Daniel Antonio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective long-term treatment for morbid obesity, reducing obesity-associated comorbidities. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate Lys656Asn polymorphism of leptin receptor gene on outcomes 1 year after biliopancreatic diversion. METHODS: A sample of 41 morbidly obese patients (body mass index (BMI) > ...
Boza Camilo - - 2010
Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for morbid obesity. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are commonly performed procedures. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the long-term outcomes after LRYGB and LAGB. We studied the data from a prospective database ...
Wool Daniel B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity and bariatric surgery are both risk factors for the development of postoperative rhabdomyolysis (RML). RML results from injury to skeletal muscle, and a serum creatine phosphokinase (CK) level >1,000 IU/L is considered diagnostic of RML. The aim of this study was to determine if intraoperative intravenous fluid ...
Bobo William V - - 2010
Melperone is an atypical antipsychotic drug that has been reported to be effective in treatment-resistant schizophrenia and L-DOPA psychosis. There are limited data concerning its effect on weight or body mass index (BMI). Weight and BMI were retrospectively compared in patients with schizophrenia treated with melperone (n=34), clozapine (n=225), or ...
Tanaka Minori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Weight control has been major health issue in the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases especially among middle-aged working males in Japan. The computerized behavioral program is expected as an effective and feasible intervention tool. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine two hypotheses. The first was that first ...
Woodard Gavitt A - - 2010
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the industrialized world with obesity as a leading preventable risk factor. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) have been shown to improve certain biochemical cardiovascular risk factors (BCRFs) at 1 year post-op, however no study ...
Fernandez-Esparrach Gloria - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Gastrogastric fistulas (GGFs) are a well-known complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Surgical repair of such fistulas is technically difficult, with significant associated morbidity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic GGF closure at a university hospital in the United States. METHODS: Patients with ...
Blackstone Robin P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Psychological evaluations are used to ascertain patient suitability for bariatric surgery and to challenge their ability to comply with therapy. The modern paradigm of obesity includes a neurobiologic component working in parallel with the limbic system of appetite and reward. To achieve the goals of surgery, an evaluation of ...
Batsis John A - - 2010
We identified all total knee arthroplasty patients between 1996 and 2004 and classified them by preoperative body mass index (BMI) as normal (BMI, 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)), overweight (BMI, 25.0-29.9 kg/m(2)), obese (30-34.9 kg/m(2)), or morbidly obese (≥ 35.0 kg/m(2)). Of 5521 patients, 769 had a normal BMI, 1938 were overweight, 1539 ...
O'Brien Paul E PE Centre for Obesity Research and Education, Monash University Medical School, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, 3004, Australia. - - 2010
Adolescent obesity is a common and serious health problem affecting more than 5 million young people in the United States alone. Bariatric surgery is being evaluated as a possible treatment option. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (gastric banding) has the potential to provide a safe and effective treatment. To compare the ...
Schouten Ruben - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The endoscopically placed duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve or EndoBarrier Gastrointestinal Liner has been designed to achieve weight loss in morbidly obese patients. We report on the first European experience with this device. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized clinical trial was performed. Forty-one patients were included and 30 underwent sleeve implantation. Eleven ...
Lee Georgia S K - - 2010
The clinical practice of using carbon dioxide therapy for localized adiposities was audited over a 4-year period. Patients receiving physical, dietary, or drug concurrent therapy were excluded from the audit. Original measurements in terms of mean +/- standard error of the mean (SEM) were compared with those obtained after five ...
Gehrer Simone - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in micronutrients after bariatric operations are frequent, despite routine supplementation. Main outcome measures were pre- and postoperative frequency of nutrient deficiencies and success rate of their treatment. METHODS: Between 5/2004 and 12/2006, 136 patients (m:f = 0:4) with an average body mass index of 45 (35-58) kg/m(2) and ...
Ryan Donna H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Effective primary care practice (PCP) treatments are needed for extreme obesity. The Louisiana Obese Subjects Study (LOSS) tested whether, with brief training, PCPs could effectively implement weight loss for individuals with a body mass index (BMI) (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) of 40 ...
Iannelli Antonio - - 2010
Abdominoplasty has become a popular body-contouring procedure among patients with deformity resulting from massive weight loss. We present the results of a randomized controlled trial comparing the PlasmaJet® System (PJS) and conventional monopolar electrocautery for the treatment of the dissection surfaces in patients undergoing corrective abdominoplasty following massive weight loss. ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >