Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1953
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Himpens Jacques - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mid- and long-term efficacy and possible side effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as treatment for morbid obesity. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is still controversial as single and final treatment for morbid obesity. Some favorable short-term results have been published, however long-term results are still ...
Andersson Stina - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Improvement of gastric accommodation has been proposed as a potential explanation for the positive effect of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on nausea/vomiting. A drinking test has been suggested as a noninvasive measure of gastric accommodation capacity. METHODS: Eight patients with therapy refractory nausea and vomiting and nonapproved diagnosis for ...
Yang Juntao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of subtotal gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy on the clinical outcome of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of 21 patients with T2DM operated due to stomach cancer and upper gastrointestinal tract ulcer between January 2001 and June 2008. RESULTS: ...
Karagianis J - - 2010
Summary Background: We conducted exploratory analyses of the data from a multinational, randomised study to identify factors associated with weight change after 16 weeks of treatment with standard olanzapine tablets (SOT) or sublingual orally disintegrating olanzapine (ODO). Methods: One hundred and forty nine outpatients who gained weight during prior SOT ...
Gathwala Geeta - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine whether the implementation of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) to low birth weight infants would improve physical growth, breastfeeding and its acceptability. A randomized controlled trial was performed over 16 months in which 110 neonates were randomized into a KMC group and a ...
Smith Steven R - - 2010
Lorcaserin is a selective serotonin 2C receptor agonist that could be useful in reducing body weight. In this double-blind clinical trial, we randomly assigned 3182 obese or overweight adults (mean body-mass index [the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters] of 36.2) to receive lorcaserin ...
Basso N - - 2011
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) was originally used as a bridge to definitive surgery in high-risk patients. Recently it has been considered as a stand-alone procedure due to its effectiveness on weight loss and comorbidities resolution. This study was designed to evaluate the results of SG on complications, body mass index ...
Namdari Surena - - 2010
Obesity is linked to major health conditions and poor surgical outcomes. The impact of obesity on self-perceived outcome after rotator cuff repair (RCR) is unclear. We studied 154 patients who underwent RCR. Obesity was considered a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30. Preoperative and postoperative evaluations included the Disabilities ...
Dowsey Michelle M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To establish the rate of clinically significant weight change after 12 months in patients who have had a primary total hip arthroplasty (THA); to identify patient characteristics that predicted weight loss or gain; and to compare clinical and functional outcomes between obese and non-obese patients. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: ...
Signori Carina - - 2010
Obesity as well as bariatric surgery may increase the risk for vitamin D deficiency. We retrospectively compared vitamin D levels in obese patients (n = 123) prior to bariatric surgery and 1 year postoperatively. We also evaluated parathyroid hormone levels (PTH) 1 year after surgery. A higher percentage of patients ...
de Souza Shirley Aparecida Fabris - - 2010
Severe obesity has been associated with adverse effects on physical capacity. In a prospective study, the aerobic capacity of severely obese patients was measured in order to observe the physiological response to weight loss from bariatric surgery. Sixty-five consecutive patients (40.4 +/- 8.4 years old; 93.8% female; body mass index ...
Duffey Branden G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) for morbid obesity are at risk for hyperoxaluria, nephrolithiasis, and oxalate nephropathy. Our objective was to conduct a long-term prospective longitudinal study to establish the incidence, clinical progression, and severity of hyperoxaluria after RYGB. STUDY DESIGN: Patients undergoing RYGB ...
Kasza Jason - - 2011
Recent studies document excess weight loss (EWL) of more than 50% with the laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LGB). This study reviews the LGB experience at an urban academic center in terms of complications, reoperative rates, and comorbidities. In this study, 144 consecutive patients undergoing LGB were prospectively reviewed. Data were ...
Weichman Katie - - 2011
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) during a 6-year follow-up period. A retrospective database analysis of patients who underwent LAGB at New York University Medical Center between 1 January 2000 and 29 February 2008 was conducted. Patients were included for the efficacy analysis ...
Millen Brian A - - 2011
Several analytical approaches were used to characterize time progression of weight changes observed in adults treated with olanzapine from a 12,425-patient database of 86 studies of oral and depot formulations of olanzapine (mean modal dose 13.3 mg/day). Descriptive mean profile plots for completer and modified completer groups showed weight increasing throughout ...
DePaula Aureo Ludovico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is known to increase significantly the odds of major cardiovascular events in the general population. Its control becomes even more important in the type 2 diabetic (T2DM) population. Bariatric surgeries, especially gastric bypass, are effective in achieving long-term control of dyslipidemia in morbidly obese patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective ...
McCallum Richard W - - 2010
Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) treats refractory gastroparesis by delivering electric current, via electrodes, to gastric smooth muscle. Enterra therapy (Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, MN) uses an implantable neurostimulator with a high-frequency, low-energy output. We performed a controlled, multicenter, prospective study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Enterra therapy in patients ...
Tanaka Norimitsu - - 2011
Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) has been widely accepted as the standard treatment for early gastric cancer, and the laparoscopic approach has been gradually introduced. The aim of this study is to investigate the short-term outcome of laparoscopy-assisted PPG (LAPPG) in comparison with open PPG (OPPG). Between April 2006 and May 2009, ...
Morgan Philip J - - 2011
This article reports the 12-month follow-up results and process evaluation of the SHED-IT (Self-Help, Exercise, and Diet using Information Technology) trial, an Internet-based weight loss program exclusively for men. Sixty-five overweight/obese male staff and students at the University of Newcastle (Callaghan, Australia) (mean (s.d.) age = 35.9 (11.1) years; BMI ...
Chouillard E - - 2010
Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) is still not a widely accepted option for the treatment of invasive gastric cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the results of LG for gastric adenocarcinoma in two French surgical departments. Between 2001 and 2007, 51 patients underwent LG for gastric cancer. The results were compared ...
Horie Nídia Celeste - - 2010
Obesity is a serious chronic disease and the prevalence of this condition is increasing among the elderly. Although the benefits of weight loss to improve control of associated diseases are well known in young adults, they are not in older patients. The use of anti-obesity drugs to promote weight loss ...
Morita Shinji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen the preserved pyloric cuff being lengthened in pylorus-preserving gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. We performed clinical assessment of the symptoms after pylorus-preserving gastrectomy in patients treated at the National Cancer Center Hospital in Japan during the past 9 years. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty-six patients ...
Delhaye Cédric - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The association between obesity and bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not well defined. We investigated the impact of body mass index (BMI) on PCI-related bleeding, and whether bivalirudin, compared to heparin, used as PCI anticoagulant modifies this relationship. METHODS: From 2000 to 2009, 16,783 patients who underwent ...
Layec S - - 2010
The intragastric balloon, filled with air or liquid is used before elective bariatric surgery because its efficacy is limited. This might be the consequence of altered gastric functions. Therefore, we aimed to investigate, in an animal model, the changes in gastric motility and emptying induced by long-term insertion of a ...
Dumonceau Jean-Marc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Saline-filled intragastric balloons (IB) may be inserted for 6 months to promote weight loss. We aimed to assess potential benefits of repeating IB therapy. METHODS: One hundred eighteen consecutive subjects (median body mass index, 34.0 kg/m(2); interquartile range [IQR], 31.2-36.9) treated with IB were included in a prospective non-randomized ...
Wikstrand Ingrid - - 2010
The primary objective was to investigate the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of weight reduction using very low calorie diet (VLCD) in groups. The secondary objective was to investigate whether subsequent corset treatment could maintain the weight reduction long term. Participants, consecutively included in groups of 8-14 subjects, underwent three months of ...
Lancefield Terase T Department of Cardiology, Austin Health, Melbourne, - - 2010
We sought to determine whether an obesity paradox exists in the contemporary era of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to explore potential clinical factors that might contribute. Previous studies have suggested that overweight and obese patients might have better outcomes after PCI than patients with a normal or low body ...
Anderson Stephan W - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to evaluate how body habitus affects reader confidence in diagnosing acute appendicitis and appendiceal visualization using 64 MDCT technology with and without oral contrast. We conducted a HIPAA compliant, IRB approved study of adult patients presenting to the Emergency Department with nontraumatic abdominal pain. ...
Nguyen Ninh T - - 2010
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and anastomotic stricture are frequent complications associated with the construction of the gastrojejunostomy during laparoscopic gastric bypass. Staplers with shorter staple height can reduce the rate of postoperative GI hemorrhage. The aim of the present study was to assess the outcomes of patients who had undergone gastric ...
Beyer Daniel Alexander - - 2011
To evaluate the impact of maternal obesity on labour, intrapartual assessment and delivery. Retrospective cohort analysis of n = 11,681 deliveries supervised between 01 January 2000 and 31 December 2009. Results were analysed dividing the patients into two main groups according to their body mass index (BMI): group 1, control: BMI 18-24.9 ...
Yoshida Hitoshi - - 2010
To assess the efficacy of three different methods for internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation in pediatric patients, we conducted a review of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery over an 11-year period, in which success rates for cannulation and time from induction of anesthesia to cannulation were evaluated. The success rate was ...
Radtka John F JF - - 2010
Revisional bariatric surgery (RBS) outcomes have been poorly characterized. We compared the RBS and primary bariatric surgery (PBS) outcomes at the Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center in the United States. A total of 72 RBS cases from 2000 to 2007 were reviewed and grouped by indication: failure of ...
Swanson Todd W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to review 5 years of laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) procedures in which low-pressure bands were used. METHODS: All LAGB cases at the authors' center were retrospectively analyzed. A survey of these patients was conducted in 2008 and 2009. RESULTS: Of 90 LAGB ...
Kimura T - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: A multicenter Phase I/II study of Irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11; 40-45 mg/m(2)/dose) was conducted for the treatment of refractory pediatric solid tumors. The pharmacokinetics of CPT-11 and its metabolites were characterized using both traditional noncompartmental analysis and population pharmacokinetics using NONMEM VI; pharmacokinetic pharmacodynamic relationships of SN-38 with indices of ...
Huang Kuo-Hung - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Palliative resection for noncurable gastric cancer remains controversial, especially in the elderly. This retrospective study was designed to elucidate the clinicopathological factors and operative outcome in patients undergoing palliative gastric resection. METHODS: From January 1988 to December 2008, 365 patients received palliative gastrectomy while 151 underwent exploratory laparotomy or ...
Lumachi Franco - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between oxygen partial pressure (pO(2)), awake oxymetric saturation (SpO(2)), body mass index (BMI), and percentage of excess weight loss (EWL) in extremely severe obesity (BMI >50 kg m(-2)) and hypoxemia, before and after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. PATIENTS AND ...
Panahi Yunes - - 2010
The objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of oral bovine colostrum in the management of nonorganic failure to thrive (FTT). In a randomized clinical trial, 120 children (1-10 years of age) of either sex with mild or moderate nonorganic FTT were divided into 2 groups. Both ...
Duggins Maurice - - 2010
Treatment studies about childhood obesity in primary care are lacking. We hypothesized that providing a paid family membership to the YMCA would be effective in reducing weight. Patients 5 to17 years old in at least the 85th body mass index (BMI) percentile were eligible. All participants were scheduled to attend ...
Singh Kimberly A - - 2010
Reducing breast size for women with macromastia does more than provide symptomatic relief. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether reduction mammaplasty was felt to be a stimulus for postoperative weight loss, subjective glucose control, and improved self-confidence. All patients who underwent reduction mammaplasty at Emory University Hospital ...
Yamada Hiroyuki - - 2011
The present study investigated the efficacy of preserving the celiac branch of the vagus nerve after laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) with Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstruction. Between January 2004 and September 2008, a total of 159 consecutive patients who underwent LADG for gastric carcinoma were classified into groups according to preservation of ...
Heinberg Leslie J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical guidelines have identified current alcohol or substance abuse as contraindications for weight loss surgery. Past research has indicated that a lifetime history of any substance use disorder is significantly greater in those seeking weight loss surgery than the population base rate. However, current substance abuse has been ...
Tamboli Robyn A - - 2010
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery has become an accepted treatment for excessive obesity. We conducted a longitudinal study to assess regional body composition, muscle proteolysis, and energy expenditure before RYGB, and 6 and 12 months after RYGB. Whole-body and regional fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) were assessed via ...
Laurenius Anna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (LDS) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are the main surgical options for super-obese patients (body mass index >50 kg/m(2)). METHODS: We performed a medium long-term evaluation of 13 super-obese patients who had undergone LDS compared with a control group of 19 patients who had ...
Gandhi Rajiv - - 2010
Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for the development of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) and may play a role in exacerbating existing disease. Therefore, we hypothesized that obese patients would present for hip and knee replacement surgery at a younger age than nonobese patients. From our registry, ...
Bond Dale S DS Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, The Miriam Hospital/Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. - - 2010
Bariatric surgery patients report significant pre- to postoperative increases in physical activity (PA). However, it is unclear whether objective measures would corroborate these changes. The present study compared self-reported and accelerometer-based estimates of changes in moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) from pre- (pre-op) to 6 months postsurgery (post-op). Twenty bariatric surgery ...
Kruseman Maaike - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Long-term data on patients with obesity outcome after bariatric surgery are lacking. The goal was to document dietary and anthropometric changes more than 5 years after surgery, as well as patients' eating behavior, psychological state, and quality of life. METHODS: A cohort of 80 women (mean age ...
Tomaszewski Jeffrey J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Obesity places surgical patients at a greater risk of complications. The effects of obesity on outcomes and complications from percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to stratify outcome and morbidity of PCNL with respect to body mass index (BMI) in a ...
Diao Mei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, an adult's standard of a 40-cm loop is adopted in Roux-Y hepatojejunostomy (RYHJ) in choledochal cyst (CDC) in children, irrespective of patient size. The redundant length of the jejunal limb may lead to complications. We compared the outcome of an individualized short Roux loop with the standard loop ...
Costa-Ferreira António - - 2010
Preservation of the Scarpa fascia has been suggested as a way of lowering complications associated with conventional abdominoplasty. Objective evidence regarding this strategy is lacking. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of preserving the Scarpa fascia in the infraumbilical area during a full abdominoplasty. A prospective ...
Dowsey M M - - 2010
We carried out a prospective, continuous study on 529 patients who underwent primary total knee replacement between January 2006 and December 2007 at a major teaching hospital. The aim was to investigate weight change and the functional and clinical outcome in non-obese and obese groups at 12 months post-operatively. The ...
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