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Tavela Alexandre de Oliveira Ade - - 2011
Horses are hosts to a wide variety of helminthes; the most important are the cyathostomin, or small strongyles. The viability of a fungal formulation (pellets) using the nematode-trapping fungus Monacrosporium thaumasium was assessed in biological control of horse cyathostomin. Two groups (fungus-treated and control) consisted of six mares in each ...
Anty R - - 2010
Non-invasive approaches are useful to differentiate simple steatosis from non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in obese and morbidly obese patients. To develop a new scoring system to diagnose definitive NASH. Preoperative clinical and biological data including serum caspase 3-generated cytokeratin-18 fragments (CK18) and surgical liver biopsies were obtained from 464 morbidly obese ...
Muñoz Daniel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patulous eustachian tube (PET) is associated with several factors, including weight loss. Rapid and significant weight loss in bariatric surgery patients may be risk factors for developing PET. The aim of this study is to provide information about the prevalence of PET after bariatric surgery and its association to ...
Gargiulo Nicholas J NJ - - 2010
It has been well established that inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement at the time of open gastric bypass (OGB) surgery in patients with a body mass index of more than 55 kg/m(2) reduces both the pulmonary embolism rate and the perioperative mortality. However, little is known about the long-term ...
Karagianis J - - 2010
We conducted exploratory analyses of the data from a multinational, randomised study to identify factors associated with weight change after 16 weeks of treatment with standard olanzapine tablets (SOT) or sublingual orally disintegrating olanzapine (ODO). One hundred and forty nine outpatients who gained weight during prior SOT therapy were enrolled ...
Xavier Márcia Arruda Fajardo - - 2010
To investigate the body weight, pulmonary function and quality of life of twenty patients with morbid obesity six months after the Fobi-Capella operation. Patients were evaluated before and six months after surgery. The patients were mainly female (75%), the average age was 40.5 ± 10.27 years; average weight 110.11 kg ...
Coleman Karen J - - 2010
There is no standardized definition of "weight loss success" after bariatric surgery. The current study was designed to evaluate if various patient factors differed between those with successful and unsuccessful weight loss; and if these findings varied depending upon which definition of weight loss success was used. A chart review ...
Levy Rona L RL University of Washington, School of Social Work, 4101 15th Avenue NE, Mailstop 354900, Seattle, WA 98105-6299, USA. - - 2010
To assess differences in weight regain one year after an 18-month obesity treatment with standard behavior therapy (SBT) or maintenance-tailored therapy for obesity (MTT). 213 obese adult volunteers were treated for 18 months using SBT with fixed behavioral prescriptions or MTT that employed varied behavioral prescriptions with treatment breaks. Follow-up ...
Cattano Davide - - 2010
Morbidly obese patients undergoing general anesthesia for laparoscopic bariatric surgery are considered at increased risk of a postoperative decrease in lung function. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a systematic use of incentive spirometry (IS) prior to surgery could help patients to preserve their respiratory function better ...
Mali Jorge J - - 2010
Some sort of restriction of the pouch emptying is supported by many surgeons to allow a sustained weight loss through the use of a ring placed circumferentially around the gastric pouch. Most previous studies focused on the length of the ring, not the actual diameter of the gastric pouch outlet. ...
de Souza Shirley Aparecida Fabris - - 2010
Obesity can negatively affect pulmonary function tests, with or without clinical symptoms, but the impact of bariatric weight loss is still debated. Aiming to document such profile in a consecutive homogeneous population, a prospective cohort study was undertaken. Sixty-one patients (100% females, age 40 +/- 8 years, BMI 49 +/- ...
O'Keefe Kathryn L - - 2010
Although morbid obesity rates in patients >or=65 years of age are increasing, few centers have reported weight loss surgery outcomes in elderly patients, resulting in a paucity of literature on perioperative mortality and morbidity. A retrospective analysis was performed on 197 consecutive patients >or=65 years old who underwent weight loss ...
Boesing Fernanda - - 2010
This study examined the effect of weight loss on energy intake, vitamin C, E, beta-carotene (diet/blood), reduced glutathione (GSH), C-reactive protein (CRP), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), catalase, and myeloperoxidase, in patients with Roux-en-Y bypass gastroplasty. Prospective clinical study with control (C) and bariatric (B) groups (n = 20 each). ...
Nackers Lisa M - - 2010
Controversy exists regarding the optimal rate of weight loss for long-term weight management success. This study examined whether gradual initial weight loss was associated with greater long-term weight reduction than rapid initial loss. Groups were drawn from participants in the TOURS trial, which included a sample of middle-aged (mean = ...
Hofsø D - - 2010
Weight reduction improves several obesity-related health conditions. We aimed to compare the effect of bariatric surgery and comprehensive lifestyle intervention on type 2 diabetes and obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors. One-year controlled clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00273104). Morbidly obese subjects (19-66 years, mean (s.d.) body mass index 45.1 kg/m(2) (5.6), 103 ...
Samson Anthony J - - 2010
The 'obesity epidemic' is expected to result in an increased incidence of knee osteoarthritis and hence total knee replacements (TKRs). Reviews have demonstrated the conflicting results of TKR for all obese (body mass index (BMI) >30). The aim of this literature review was to specifically evaluate outcomes of TKR in ...
Pandalai Prakash K - - 2011
Germline mutation of the CDH1 gene, which encodes for the E-cadherin adhesion protein, is rare but confers an estimated lifetime risk of hereditary diffuse gastric cancer of 87%. Fewer than 100 prophylactic total gastrectomies have been reported for this condition. Patients with germline CDH1 mutation who underwent multidisciplinary counseling followed ...
Ponce Jaime - - 2011
New gastric bands have been available for the past 3 years in the United States: Lap-Band AP (LBAP), Realize Band (RB), and Realize Band C (RBC). No RBC data have been previously published. The objective of the present study was to report our experience with 3 newer gastric bands in ...
Adam Mohamed Abdelgadir MA Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, - - 2010
A relationship between primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and obesity has been observed but is incompletely understood. Furthermore, obesity has been associated with vitamin D deficiency, suggesting that the three conditions may be linked. We hypothesized that PHPT in morbidly obese patients is more severe and that the difference may be explained ...
Kansagra Sujay - - 2010
The effects of vagus nerve stimulation on weight in individuals with epilepsy are not fully characterized. A retrospective review was performed of all pediatric patients who underwent placement of a vagus nerve stimulator at Duke University Medical Center. Baseline body mass index (BMI) percentile was compared with percentile on follow-up ...
Lanthaler Monika - - 2010
This study was performed to assess our long-term results with laparoscopic gastric banding in patients with an observation period of at least 9 years calculated from the date of operation. Between January 1996 and December 2000, a total of 276 patients (83% female) underwent laparoscopic gastric banding at our institution. ...
Himpens Jacques - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mid- and long-term efficacy and possible side effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as treatment for morbid obesity. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is still controversial as single and final treatment for morbid obesity. Some favorable short-term results have been published, however long-term results are still ...
Andersson Stina - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Improvement of gastric accommodation has been proposed as a potential explanation for the positive effect of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) on nausea/vomiting. A drinking test has been suggested as a noninvasive measure of gastric accommodation capacity. METHODS: Eight patients with therapy refractory nausea and vomiting and nonapproved diagnosis for ...
Yang Juntao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of subtotal gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy on the clinical outcome of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of 21 patients with T2DM operated due to stomach cancer and upper gastrointestinal tract ulcer between January 2001 and June 2008. RESULTS: ...
Karagianis J - - 2010
Summary Background: We conducted exploratory analyses of the data from a multinational, randomised study to identify factors associated with weight change after 16 weeks of treatment with standard olanzapine tablets (SOT) or sublingual orally disintegrating olanzapine (ODO). Methods: One hundred and forty nine outpatients who gained weight during prior SOT ...
Gathwala Geeta - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine whether the implementation of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) to low birth weight infants would improve physical growth, breastfeeding and its acceptability. A randomized controlled trial was performed over 16 months in which 110 neonates were randomized into a KMC group and a ...
Smith Steven R - - 2010
Lorcaserin is a selective serotonin 2C receptor agonist that could be useful in reducing body weight. In this double-blind clinical trial, we randomly assigned 3182 obese or overweight adults (mean body-mass index [the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters] of 36.2) to receive lorcaserin ...
Basso N - - 2011
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) was originally used as a bridge to definitive surgery in high-risk patients. Recently it has been considered as a stand-alone procedure due to its effectiveness on weight loss and comorbidities resolution. This study was designed to evaluate the results of SG on complications, body mass index ...
Namdari Surena - - 2010
Obesity is linked to major health conditions and poor surgical outcomes. The impact of obesity on self-perceived outcome after rotator cuff repair (RCR) is unclear. We studied 154 patients who underwent RCR. Obesity was considered a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30. Preoperative and postoperative evaluations included the Disabilities ...
Dowsey Michelle M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To establish the rate of clinically significant weight change after 12 months in patients who have had a primary total hip arthroplasty (THA); to identify patient characteristics that predicted weight loss or gain; and to compare clinical and functional outcomes between obese and non-obese patients. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: ...
Signori Carina - - 2010
Obesity as well as bariatric surgery may increase the risk for vitamin D deficiency. We retrospectively compared vitamin D levels in obese patients (n = 123) prior to bariatric surgery and 1 year postoperatively. We also evaluated parathyroid hormone levels (PTH) 1 year after surgery. A higher percentage of patients ...
de Souza Shirley Aparecida Fabris - - 2010
Severe obesity has been associated with adverse effects on physical capacity. In a prospective study, the aerobic capacity of severely obese patients was measured in order to observe the physiological response to weight loss from bariatric surgery. Sixty-five consecutive patients (40.4 +/- 8.4 years old; 93.8% female; body mass index ...
Duffey Branden G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) for morbid obesity are at risk for hyperoxaluria, nephrolithiasis, and oxalate nephropathy. Our objective was to conduct a long-term prospective longitudinal study to establish the incidence, clinical progression, and severity of hyperoxaluria after RYGB. STUDY DESIGN: Patients undergoing RYGB ...
Kasza Jason - - 2011
Recent studies document excess weight loss (EWL) of more than 50% with the laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LGB). This study reviews the LGB experience at an urban academic center in terms of complications, reoperative rates, and comorbidities. In this study, 144 consecutive patients undergoing LGB were prospectively reviewed. Data were ...
Weichman Katie - - 2011
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) during a 6-year follow-up period. A retrospective database analysis of patients who underwent LAGB at New York University Medical Center between 1 January 2000 and 29 February 2008 was conducted. Patients were included for the efficacy analysis ...
Millen Brian A - - 2011
Several analytical approaches were used to characterize time progression of weight changes observed in adults treated with olanzapine from a 12,425-patient database of 86 studies of oral and depot formulations of olanzapine (mean modal dose 13.3 mg/day). Descriptive mean profile plots for completer and modified completer groups showed weight increasing throughout ...
DePaula Aureo Ludovico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is known to increase significantly the odds of major cardiovascular events in the general population. Its control becomes even more important in the type 2 diabetic (T2DM) population. Bariatric surgeries, especially gastric bypass, are effective in achieving long-term control of dyslipidemia in morbidly obese patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective ...
McCallum Richard W - - 2010
Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) treats refractory gastroparesis by delivering electric current, via electrodes, to gastric smooth muscle. Enterra therapy (Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, MN) uses an implantable neurostimulator with a high-frequency, low-energy output. We performed a controlled, multicenter, prospective study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Enterra therapy in patients ...
Tanaka Norimitsu - - 2011
Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) has been widely accepted as the standard treatment for early gastric cancer, and the laparoscopic approach has been gradually introduced. The aim of this study is to investigate the short-term outcome of laparoscopy-assisted PPG (LAPPG) in comparison with open PPG (OPPG). Between April 2006 and May 2009, ...
Morgan Philip J - - 2011
This article reports the 12-month follow-up results and process evaluation of the SHED-IT (Self-Help, Exercise, and Diet using Information Technology) trial, an Internet-based weight loss program exclusively for men. Sixty-five overweight/obese male staff and students at the University of Newcastle (Callaghan, Australia) (mean (s.d.) age = 35.9 (11.1) years; BMI ...
Chouillard E - - 2010
Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) is still not a widely accepted option for the treatment of invasive gastric cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the results of LG for gastric adenocarcinoma in two French surgical departments. Between 2001 and 2007, 51 patients underwent LG for gastric cancer. The results were compared ...
Horie Nídia Celeste - - 2010
Obesity is a serious chronic disease and the prevalence of this condition is increasing among the elderly. Although the benefits of weight loss to improve control of associated diseases are well known in young adults, they are not in older patients. The use of anti-obesity drugs to promote weight loss ...
Morita Shinji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen the preserved pyloric cuff being lengthened in pylorus-preserving gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. We performed clinical assessment of the symptoms after pylorus-preserving gastrectomy in patients treated at the National Cancer Center Hospital in Japan during the past 9 years. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty-six patients ...
Delhaye Cédric - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The association between obesity and bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not well defined. We investigated the impact of body mass index (BMI) on PCI-related bleeding, and whether bivalirudin, compared to heparin, used as PCI anticoagulant modifies this relationship. METHODS: From 2000 to 2009, 16,783 patients who underwent ...
Layec S - - 2010
The intragastric balloon, filled with air or liquid is used before elective bariatric surgery because its efficacy is limited. This might be the consequence of altered gastric functions. Therefore, we aimed to investigate, in an animal model, the changes in gastric motility and emptying induced by long-term insertion of a ...
Dumonceau Jean-Marc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Saline-filled intragastric balloons (IB) may be inserted for 6 months to promote weight loss. We aimed to assess potential benefits of repeating IB therapy. METHODS: One hundred eighteen consecutive subjects (median body mass index, 34.0 kg/m(2); interquartile range [IQR], 31.2-36.9) treated with IB were included in a prospective non-randomized ...
Wikstrand Ingrid - - 2010
The primary objective was to investigate the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of weight reduction using very low calorie diet (VLCD) in groups. The secondary objective was to investigate whether subsequent corset treatment could maintain the weight reduction long term. Participants, consecutively included in groups of 8-14 subjects, underwent three months of ...
Lancefield Terase T Department of Cardiology, Austin Health, Melbourne, - - 2010
We sought to determine whether an obesity paradox exists in the contemporary era of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to explore potential clinical factors that might contribute. Previous studies have suggested that overweight and obese patients might have better outcomes after PCI than patients with a normal or low body ...
Anderson Stephan W - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to evaluate how body habitus affects reader confidence in diagnosing acute appendicitis and appendiceal visualization using 64 MDCT technology with and without oral contrast. We conducted a HIPAA compliant, IRB approved study of adult patients presenting to the Emergency Department with nontraumatic abdominal pain. ...
Nguyen Ninh T - - 2010
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and anastomotic stricture are frequent complications associated with the construction of the gastrojejunostomy during laparoscopic gastric bypass. Staplers with shorter staple height can reduce the rate of postoperative GI hemorrhage. The aim of the present study was to assess the outcomes of patients who had undergone gastric ...
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