Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1953
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Bodell Lindsay P - - 2011
We aimed to replicate and extend our previous findings of an association between percent body fat in recently weight-restored patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and clinical outcome in the year following treatment. Twenty-two hospitalized, weight-restored women with AN underwent whole body MRI to determine percent adipose tissue. Following hospital discharge, ...
Baltasar Aniceto - - 2011
BMI and %EBMIL are the most accurate methods for comparing results of patients after bariatric surgery. %EBMIL is based on BMI 25 as a constant end-point for all patients, but BMI 25 is easily achieved by patients with BMI < 50, whereas it is not so feasible for patients with BMI > 50. We ...
Imazio Massimo - - 2011
Background- The role of inflammatory markers is not well defined for either diagnosis or treatment of pericarditis. The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate the frequency of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) elevation in patients with acute pericarditis, its time course of normalization, and the possible importance for diagnosis, ...
Murphy-Human Theresa - - 2011
The optimal regimen for seizure prophylaxis after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains uncertain. Based on data suggesting that a short course may be adequate, coupled with an association between phenytoin exposure and poor cognitive outcome, our institution modified their seizure prophylaxis protocol for patients with SAH from an extended course of ...
Stefanidis Dimitrios - - 2011
The ideal length of the gastric bypass limbs is debated. Recent evidence suggests that standard limb lengths used today have a limited impact on patient weight loss. Our objective was to appraise critically the available evidence on the influence of the length of gastric bypass limbs on weight loss outcomes. ...
Sørensen Lone Brinkmann - - 2011
We compared the effect on weight regain of behaviour modification consisting of either a gourmet cooking course or neurolinguistic programming (NLP) therapy. Fifty-six overweight and obese subjects participated. The first step was a 12-week weight loss program. Participants achieving at least 8% weight loss were randomized to five months of ...
Rossi Marco - - 2011
Obesity-associated microvascular dysfunction (MVD) involves different body tissues, including skin, and concurs to increased cardiovascular risk in obese patients (Ob-P). Generalized improvement of MVD is an important goal in obesity treatment. Since skin MVD mirrors generalized systemic MVD, skin microvascular investigation in prospective studies in Ob-P may surrogate microvascular investigation ...
Wang Hai-Yan - - 2011
To compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal bevacizumab alone versus bevacizumab combined with triamcinolone acetonide in eyes with macular edema caused by central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in Chinese patients. Seventy-five eyes of 75 patients were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, consecutive study. Thirty-six patients in group 1 were ...
Berland Marco - - 2011
The objective of the study was to determine the effect of different bovine gamete coincubation times on fertilization and embryo development performance. In vitro matured COCs were co-incubated with sperm at a concentration of 1.5 × 10(6) spermatozoa/ml in TALP medium for 3 hours (T 3, n = 362), 6 ...
Ardizzone Sandro - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is uncertain whether mucosal healing after the first course of corticosteroids therapy predicts outcome in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). We evaluated whether early clinical and endoscopic responses to this therapy are associated with late outcomes in UC. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed UC who were ...
Sallé Agnès - - 2010
Although zinc deficiency is common after bariatric surgery, its incidence is underestimated. The objective was to monitor zinc and nutritional status before and 6, 12 and 24 months (M6, M12 and M24) after gastric bypass (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass), sleeve gastrectomy and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (DS) in patients receiving ...
van Griensven Johan - - 2010
This study was conducted among 609 adults on stavudine-based antiretroviral treatment (ART) for at least one year at health center level in Kigali, Rwanda to (a) determine the proportion who manifest weight loss after one year of ART (b) examine the association between such weight loss and a number of ...
De Castro Maria Luisa - - 2010
The intragastric balloon is a temporary treatment for obese patients. Fluid-filled devices have shown efficacy and safety, and are widely used. Recently, although there are no comparative studies between them, an air-filled balloon, Heliosphere® bag, has been proposed. Prospective, double-blind study in 33 patients with morbid and type 2 obesity: ...
Nuñez Montserrat - - 2011
Although the health-related quality of life (HRQL) for patients who are obese seems to improve after TKA, the magnitude of improvement and the associated factors remain controversial. We previously found body mass index was not associated with changes in HRQL after TKA. The purposes of this secondary analysis were to ...
Hofsø D - - 2011
The effects of various weight loss strategies on pancreatic beta cell function remain unclear. We aimed to compare the effect of intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) on beta cell function. One year controlled clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00273104). One hundred and nineteen morbidly obese participants ...
Liu Po-En - - 2011
Little data are available on the outcome of tension-free obturator tape (TVT-O) procedures in obese and overweight women. We hypothesized that the subjective and objective outcomes of TVT-O in women with a higher body mass index (BMI) would differ from those with a lower BMI. We retrospectively reviewed the records ...
Matsuda Takeru T Department of Surgery, Kobe Kaisei Hospital, Kobe 657-0078, Japan. - - 2010
To describe a new surgical technique and evaluate the early results of segmental gastrectomy (SG) with modified D2 lymph node (LN) dissection for early gastric cancer (EGC). Fourteen patients with EGC underwent SG with modified D2 dissection from 2006 to 2008. Their operative results and postoperative courses were compared with ...
Rathore Sudhir - - 2010
The transradial route for coronary intervention has proven to be safe, effective, and widely applicable in different clinical situations. Several compressive hemostatic devices have been introduced that have shown to be safe and are effective in achieving hemostasis. Seven hundred ninety patients were randomly assigned to receive either TR band ...
Srinivasa Sanket - - 2010
This is the largest single-centre series of single-stage laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) reporting on perioperative outcomes, weight loss, comorbidity resolution including urological outcomes and results in the super obese. Review of prospectively collected data for patients who underwent LSG from March 2007-August 2009. There were 253 patients with a mean ...
Valezi Antonio Carlos - - 2010
An underlying major aim of bariatric surgery is weight loss and its long-term maintenance. In spite of this, most studies regarding weight loss after surgical treatment of morbid obesity show 3-year follow-up results. We evaluated the effectiveness of silastic ring Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (SR-RYGBP) in promoting significant weight loss after ...
Huizinga Mary Margaret - - 2010
Systematic reviews have reported that sulfonylureas and metformin were as effective in reducing hemoglobin A1c (A1C) as other oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in clinical trial populations. Data on comparative effectiveness of OADs in other populations is limited. The objective was to compare the effectiveness of incident OAD regimens in reducing ...
Genco Alfredo - - 2010
Aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of BioEnterics Intragastric Balloon (BIB®) followed by diet with BIB followed by another BIB. A prospective study was designed: a homogeneous group of 100 obese patients (age range 25-35, BMI range 40.0-44.9, M/F ratio 1/4) was allocated into two groups according ...
Barhouch Anália S - - 2010
In the late postoperative period of gastric bypass surgery, we observe that many patients weight regain. The objective of this study was to determine the excess weight loss variation at 24 and 60 months postoperative. A secondary objective was to evaluate in the period described, the association of weight regain with ...
Liu De-Feng - - 2010
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common impairment among older men, and the prevalence rates increase sharply after age of 60 years. Most studies have focused on the prevalence rate or dangerous factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the basic epidemiologic data about ED patients with different ED ...
Butwick Alexander - - 2010
To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), perioperative times, and anesthetic interventions in patients undergoing elective cesarean delivery. Retrospective chart review. University-affiliated hospital. All patients were ranked according to BMI (kg/m(2)) at the time of delivery. The BMI groups were designated a priori: ≤ 29.9 kg/m(2) (Group C); ...
Shuang Jianbo - - 2011
The application of laparoscopy-assisted gastric surgery has been increasing rapidly for the treatment of early gastric cancer. However, there were few reports of laparoscopic surgery in the management of advanced gastric cancer (AGC), especially with T3 depth of invasion. The aim of this study was to compare the technical feasibility ...
van Kuijk Jan-Peter - - 2011
Obesity is a risk factor for atherosclerosis, a polyvascular process associated with reduced survival. In nonvascular surgery populations, a paradox between body mass index (BMI) and survival is described. This paradox includes reduced survival in underweight patients, whereas overweight and obese patients have a survival benefit. No clear explanation for ...
Clements Ronald H RH Section of Surgical Sciences, Division of General Surgery, Vanderbilt University, 1161 Medical Center Drive, D5203, Nashville, TN 37232-7610, USA. - - 2011
Weight regain that begins 12-18 months after laparoscopic gastric bypass has been attributed to changes in resting metabolic rate (RMR), which is largely determined by lean body mass (LBM). An oral supplement containing beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, glutamine, and arginine (HMB/Glu/Arg) has helped to restore LBM in cachexia due to cancer and in ...
- - 2010
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether air is as effective as perfluoropropane gas in treating rhegmatogenous retinal detachment by pneumatic retinopexy. METHODS In a double-blind, randomized, clinically controlled noninferiority trial, eligible patients were randomized into 2 treatment groups by using block randomization and treated by pneumatic retinopexy using filtered air or perfluoropropane ...
Tavela Alexandre de Oliveira Ade - - 2011
Horses are hosts to a wide variety of helminthes; the most important are the cyathostomin, or small strongyles. The viability of a fungal formulation (pellets) using the nematode-trapping fungus Monacrosporium thaumasium was assessed in biological control of horse cyathostomin. Two groups (fungus-treated and control) consisted of six mares in each ...
Anty R - - 2010
Non-invasive approaches are useful to differentiate simple steatosis from non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in obese and morbidly obese patients. To develop a new scoring system to diagnose definitive NASH. Preoperative clinical and biological data including serum caspase 3-generated cytokeratin-18 fragments (CK18) and surgical liver biopsies were obtained from 464 morbidly obese ...
Muñoz Daniel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patulous eustachian tube (PET) is associated with several factors, including weight loss. Rapid and significant weight loss in bariatric surgery patients may be risk factors for developing PET. The aim of this study is to provide information about the prevalence of PET after bariatric surgery and its association to ...
Gargiulo Nicholas J NJ - - 2010
It has been well established that inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement at the time of open gastric bypass (OGB) surgery in patients with a body mass index of more than 55 kg/m(2) reduces both the pulmonary embolism rate and the perioperative mortality. However, little is known about the long-term ...
Karagianis J - - 2010
We conducted exploratory analyses of the data from a multinational, randomised study to identify factors associated with weight change after 16 weeks of treatment with standard olanzapine tablets (SOT) or sublingual orally disintegrating olanzapine (ODO). One hundred and forty nine outpatients who gained weight during prior SOT therapy were enrolled ...
Xavier Márcia Arruda Fajardo - - 2010
To investigate the body weight, pulmonary function and quality of life of twenty patients with morbid obesity six months after the Fobi-Capella operation. Patients were evaluated before and six months after surgery. The patients were mainly female (75%), the average age was 40.5 ± 10.27 years; average weight 110.11 kg ...
Coleman Karen J - - 2010
There is no standardized definition of "weight loss success" after bariatric surgery. The current study was designed to evaluate if various patient factors differed between those with successful and unsuccessful weight loss; and if these findings varied depending upon which definition of weight loss success was used. A chart review ...
Levy Rona L RL University of Washington, School of Social Work, 4101 15th Avenue NE, Mailstop 354900, Seattle, WA 98105-6299, USA. - - 2010
To assess differences in weight regain one year after an 18-month obesity treatment with standard behavior therapy (SBT) or maintenance-tailored therapy for obesity (MTT). 213 obese adult volunteers were treated for 18 months using SBT with fixed behavioral prescriptions or MTT that employed varied behavioral prescriptions with treatment breaks. Follow-up ...
Cattano Davide - - 2010
Morbidly obese patients undergoing general anesthesia for laparoscopic bariatric surgery are considered at increased risk of a postoperative decrease in lung function. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a systematic use of incentive spirometry (IS) prior to surgery could help patients to preserve their respiratory function better ...
Mali Jorge J - - 2010
Some sort of restriction of the pouch emptying is supported by many surgeons to allow a sustained weight loss through the use of a ring placed circumferentially around the gastric pouch. Most previous studies focused on the length of the ring, not the actual diameter of the gastric pouch outlet. ...
de Souza Shirley Aparecida Fabris - - 2010
Obesity can negatively affect pulmonary function tests, with or without clinical symptoms, but the impact of bariatric weight loss is still debated. Aiming to document such profile in a consecutive homogeneous population, a prospective cohort study was undertaken. Sixty-one patients (100% females, age 40 +/- 8 years, BMI 49 +/- ...
O'Keefe Kathryn L - - 2010
Although morbid obesity rates in patients >or=65 years of age are increasing, few centers have reported weight loss surgery outcomes in elderly patients, resulting in a paucity of literature on perioperative mortality and morbidity. A retrospective analysis was performed on 197 consecutive patients >or=65 years old who underwent weight loss ...
Boesing Fernanda - - 2010
This study examined the effect of weight loss on energy intake, vitamin C, E, beta-carotene (diet/blood), reduced glutathione (GSH), C-reactive protein (CRP), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), catalase, and myeloperoxidase, in patients with Roux-en-Y bypass gastroplasty. Prospective clinical study with control (C) and bariatric (B) groups (n = 20 each). ...
Nackers Lisa M - - 2010
Controversy exists regarding the optimal rate of weight loss for long-term weight management success. This study examined whether gradual initial weight loss was associated with greater long-term weight reduction than rapid initial loss. Groups were drawn from participants in the TOURS trial, which included a sample of middle-aged (mean = ...
Hofsø D - - 2010
Weight reduction improves several obesity-related health conditions. We aimed to compare the effect of bariatric surgery and comprehensive lifestyle intervention on type 2 diabetes and obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors. One-year controlled clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00273104). Morbidly obese subjects (19-66 years, mean (s.d.) body mass index 45.1 kg/m(2) (5.6), 103 ...
Samson Anthony J - - 2010
The 'obesity epidemic' is expected to result in an increased incidence of knee osteoarthritis and hence total knee replacements (TKRs). Reviews have demonstrated the conflicting results of TKR for all obese (body mass index (BMI) >30). The aim of this literature review was to specifically evaluate outcomes of TKR in ...
Pandalai Prakash K - - 2011
Germline mutation of the CDH1 gene, which encodes for the E-cadherin adhesion protein, is rare but confers an estimated lifetime risk of hereditary diffuse gastric cancer of 87%. Fewer than 100 prophylactic total gastrectomies have been reported for this condition. Patients with germline CDH1 mutation who underwent multidisciplinary counseling followed ...
Ponce Jaime - - 2011
New gastric bands have been available for the past 3 years in the United States: Lap-Band AP (LBAP), Realize Band (RB), and Realize Band C (RBC). No RBC data have been previously published. The objective of the present study was to report our experience with 3 newer gastric bands in ...
Adam Mohamed Abdelgadir MA Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, - - 2010
A relationship between primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and obesity has been observed but is incompletely understood. Furthermore, obesity has been associated with vitamin D deficiency, suggesting that the three conditions may be linked. We hypothesized that PHPT in morbidly obese patients is more severe and that the difference may be explained ...
Kansagra Sujay - - 2010
The effects of vagus nerve stimulation on weight in individuals with epilepsy are not fully characterized. A retrospective review was performed of all pediatric patients who underwent placement of a vagus nerve stimulator at Duke University Medical Center. Baseline body mass index (BMI) percentile was compared with percentile on follow-up ...
Lanthaler Monika - - 2010
This study was performed to assess our long-term results with laparoscopic gastric banding in patients with an observation period of at least 9 years calculated from the date of operation. Between January 1996 and December 2000, a total of 276 patients (83% female) underwent laparoscopic gastric banding at our institution. ...
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