Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1953
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Judges D - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Many methods are available to determine energy requirements, however, all have limitations, particularly when used for the obese.OBJECTIVES:The aim of this survey was to investigate current practice in the estimation of energy requirements in an underweight and obese hospitalised patient in a large cohort of UK dietitians.SUBJECT/METHODS:A cross-sectional anonymous online ...
Saunders John K JK Department of Surgery, New York Harbor Healthcare System Veterans Affairs Medical Center, New York University School of Medicine, 423 E 23rd St, New York, NY 10010, - - 2012
To determine the effects of body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) on outcomes after liver resection performed at Veterans Affairs medical centers. We queried the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program database for liver resections (2005-2008) and grouped the patients into ...
Beilin Ghislaine - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: According to various researches, abdominal obesity increases the risks of cancers or cardio-vascular diseases. Objective: To evaluate the reduction of waistline and the evolution of biological parameters on patients after 12 sessions of a new medical device called REDUSTIM(®) associating alternate low frequency electromagnetic fields and controlled micropressure. ...
Vos Rimke C - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of multidisciplinary treatment on obesity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: Obese children were randomized to a multidisciplinary lifestyle treatment, including medical, nutritional, physical, and psychological counseling during 3 months, (n = 40, BMI-SDS; 4.2 ± 0.7, age; 13.3 ± 2.0) or standard care, including an initial advice on nutrition and ...
Chuang Yung-Ting - - 2011
Treatment of obesity by embedding catgut in acupuncture points has a satisfactory therapeutic effect in many patients. Even though results of its effectiveness are mixed, serious complications are rarely reported with this Chinese traditional therapy. Here an unusual complication of the treatment is reported: multiple tender subcutaneous nodules developed where ...
Babighian Gregorio - - 2011
Objectives:  To compare two titanium TORP stabilisation techniques in canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy presenting with footplate only and absent malleus handle. Design:  Prospective, controlled, randomized study. Setting: Tertiary Otology Department. Participants:  Patients operated on with CWD mastoidectomy between 1999 and 2009 were randomized into two groups. Two techniques enhancing ...
Lakkis Dima - - 2011
Background: Periodontitis and obesity are both chronic health problems and the literature support an association between the two. Weight loss following bariatric surgery has been shown to decrease overall mortality as well as the development of new health-related conditions in morbidly obese patients. The present study was conducted to assess ...
Gaszynski T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st>Complete and fast recovery of neuromuscular function is very important in morbidly obese patients because of the possible influence of postoperative residual curarization (PORC) on respiratory function in the postoperative period. Recent reports underline incidences of the residual influence of neuromuscular blocking agents. METHODS: /st>Seventy morbidly obese (BMI >40 ...
Hornung Joachim Albert - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The trimmable nitinol-polytetrafluoroethylene stapes prosthesis is a novel prosthesis that features a band-shaped nitinol loop. Unlike the SMart prosthesis, which uses the heat-activated self-crimping property of the alloy for fixation to the long process of the incus, this new prosthesis uses the property of superelasticity. The objective of the ...
Bhamidipati Castigliano M - - 2011
Abstract  Objective: The influence of body mass index (BMI) as a risk factor for isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery is unknown. We postulated that BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2) would adversely affect outcomes following OPCAB at our institution. Methods: From 2002 to 2009, we selected 742 patients (primary, N ...
Heylen Alex Marie Florent - - 2011
The maintenance of the restrictive component of the Fobi pouch gastric bypass is essential for permanent weight control. Dilatation of the pouch-outlet and of the pouch itself is responsible for substantial weight gain by an increased volume per meal and binge-eating due to the rapid emptying. An endoscopic over-the-scope clip ...
Zahr Firas - - 2011
Obesity and heart failure are increasingly common, but the outcomes, weight changes, and adverse events of patients with advanced heart failure and obesity on mechanical support is not well described. We retrospectively reviewed all non-underweight patients with durable mechanical support at a single institution from January 2000 until December 2008 ...
Holty Jon-Erik Cleophas - - 2011
Morbid obesity is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness and reduced health-related quality of life. We prospectively evaluated the pre- and postoperative responses of bariatric surgery recipients with the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and the Short Form-12. Participants (n = 223; 79% women) with a mean body mass index (BMI) and ESS of ...
Esin S - - 2011
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on transobturator tape (TOT) success rates, patient acceptability and complications 1 year following surgery. The medical records of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) patients who underwent the TOT operation were retrospectively ...
Rosenberger Patricia H - - 2011
This study examined self-reported frequency and intensity of physical activity in gastric bypass patients, and the relationship between physical activity and weight loss and psychosocial outcomes during 12-month postoperative follow-up. Participants were 131 obese patients who underwent gastric bypass surgery and completed psychometrically established measures assessing physical activity, depression, and ...
Aslani A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Obese parturients are at high risk of complications during anaesthesia and early use of epidural analgesia in labour has been recommended for obese patients during labour. AIM: To assess the outcome of anaesthesia outpatient consultation for obese parturients. METHODS: We retrospectively compared outcomes of obese patients antenatally and an ...
Kadakia Mitul B - - 2011
Objective Despite the association of obesity with incident cardiovascular disease, obese patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) appear to have more favourable short-term outcomes. A study was undertaken to determine whether this 'obesity paradox' persists in the long term and to examine the specific relationship of central obesity with outcomes ...
Robertson Lee T LT Departments of Integrative Biosciences, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97201, USA. - - 2011
While deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proven to be an effective treatment for many symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD), a deterioration of axial symptoms frequently occurs, particularly for speech and swallowing. These unfavorable effects of DBS may depend on the site of stimulation. The authors made quantitative measures of jaw ...
Richardson Brynn E - - 2011
Morbidly obese individuals have altered sense of taste and smell. Gastric bypass (GBP) alters taste but olfactory function has not been evaluated. Changes in these senses may influence dietary preferences following GBP. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of abdominal operation, specifically GBP, and weight loss on olfactory function. ...
Capelle Hans-Holger - - 2011
Hemichorea-hemiballism is a rare movement disorder that has various causes. In treatment-resistant cases, both thalamic and pallidal functional procedures have been shown to yield beneficial results. Until now it has not been clarified whether the thalamus or the pallidum would yield a superior outcome. After resection of a craniopharyngioma in ...
Nikolic Marko - - 2011
This study aims to assess the effectiveness, tolerance, safety, and patient satisfaction of obesity treatments using the Bioenterics intragastric balloon (BIB). Prospective controlled trial of 33 obese patients who were treated with the BIB from March 2008 to March 2009 and who completed the 6 months treatment. Patients were selected on ...
Núñez Montserrat M Rheumatology Department, Biomedical Research Institute August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Hospital Clínic, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2011
The impact of obesity on total knee replacement (TKR) outcomes is unclear. Studies use different classifications of obesity and heterogeneous methods, making comparisons difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQL) preoperatively and at 12 months of follow-up in severe and morbidly obese patients with ...
Bussolaro Rodolpho Alberto - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces body weight, but creates the need for surgical correction of the patient's body shape, especially of the abdomen. The abdominal skin of the ex-obese has a lower quantity of fibrous and non-fibrous components; however, its functional status has not yet been studied. This study quantified, at ...
Michalka Patrick K R - - 2011
Obesity is considered an independent risk factor for adverse outcome after arthroplasty surgery. Data on 191 consecutive total hip arthroplasties were prospectively collected. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated for each patient and grouped into nonobese (BMI <30 kg/m(2)), obese (BMI 30-34.9 kg/m(2)), and morbidly obese (BMI ≥35 kg/m(2)). Primary ...
Park Brian - - 2011
Objectives: Moderate (body mass index [BMI] ≥30) and morbid obesity (BMI ≥35) is increasing at an alarming rate in vascular surgery patients. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of obesity on perioperative and long-term clinical outcomes following open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair or endovascular aneurysm ...
Katznelson R - - 2011
Background: There is a concern that obesity may play a role in prolonging emergence from fat-soluble inhalational anaesthetics. We hypothesized that increased pulmonary clearance of isoflurane will shorten immediate recovery from anaesthesia and post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) stay in obese patients. Methods: After Ethics Review Board approval, 44 ASA I-III ...
Bittermann Arnold J N - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the audiometric results of primary stapes surgery in patients with otosclerosis and to determine predictors of a postoperative air-bone gap (ABG) of 10 dB or less and a postoperative gain in air conduction (AC) exceeding 20 dB. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center in Utrecht, ...
Meyers Kevin E C - - 2011
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2011;13:758-766. ©2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This post hoc analysis assessed the efficacy and tolerability of valsartan for the treatment of hypertension in obese vs non-obese children and adolescents. After a 1-week antihypertensive washout period, 142 obese and 119 non-obese hypertensive children and adolescents aged 6 to ...
Sarikaya Hakan - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obesity is an established risk factor for stroke and has reached epidemic proportions. However, its impact on intravenous thrombolysis applied for acute ischemic stroke is not well known. We aimed to compare the clinical outcome and safety after intravenous thrombolysis in obese (body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2)) ...
Tomita Toshihiko - - 2011
In the treatment of gastric cancer, argon plasma coagulation (APC) has certain merits, such as short operation time, easy procedure, and lack of serious complications compared with endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection, suggesting that this modality may be appropriate for some patients with gastric cancer. The aim of ...
Srikanth Myur Srinivasan - - 2011
Twenty percent of gastric restrictive operations require revision. Conversion to Proximal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (PRNYGBP) is associated with weight regain. Forty-one percent of these fail to achieve a body mass index (BMI) < 35. Few report follow-up (F/U) or quality of life (QOL) beyond 5 years. We report the long-term effectiveness of MRNYGBP ...
Martins Catia - - 2011
Few studies have looked at non-surgical alternatives for morbid obese patients. This study aims to compare 1-year weight loss and changes in risk factors and comorbidities after bariatric surgery and three conservative treatments. Patients with morbid obesity (BMI > 40 or BMI > 35 kg/m(2) plus comorbidities) on waiting list for bariatric surgery, were non-randomly ...
Wang Zhi Jian - - 2012
Obesity is a major risk factor for developing coronary artery disease. The impact of obesity on prognosis among those with established coronary disease is less clear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of obesity on repeat revascularization in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting ...
Lombardi Carlo - - 2011
Background. Asthma is an important co-morbidity of obesity. This study evaluated the impact of bariatric surgery on respiratory function in obese patients and compared the outcomes in asthmatic and non-asthmatic subjects. Methods. The study was observational and prospective and included subjects on waiting list for bariatric surgery. Pulmonary function, symptoms, ...
Marantos Georgios - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of surgically induced weight loss on the metabolic profile and adipocytokine levels in premenopausal morbidly obese females. METHODS: Twenty premenopausal morbidly obese (MO) women with a median age of 34 years (range: 24-48 years) and a median body mass index ...
Spielman Jennifer J National Center for Voice and Speech-Denver, An Affiliate of the University of Colorado, Boulder, Denver, CO 80204, USA. - - 2011
Intensive voice therapy (LSVT(®)LOUD) can effectively manage voice and speech symptoms associated with idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). This small-group study evaluated voice and speech in individuals with and without deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) before and after LSVT LOUD, to determine whether outcomes for surgical subjects were ...
Haverkamp Daniël - - 2011
Discussion persists as to whether obesity negatively influences the outcome of hip arthroplasty. We performed a meta-analysis with the primary research question of whether obesity has a negative effect on short- and long-term outcome of total hip arthroplasty. We searched the literature and included studies comparing the outcome of hip ...
Takahashi Yuji - - 2011
Leptin has been reported to exert an atherosclerotic effect by regulating expression of angiogenic factors that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) with statins could affect leptin levels and angiogenic factors in patients ...
Laske Roman D - - 2011
To analyze the influence of stapes prosthesis diameter on postoperative hearing results after stapedotomy without interposition in otosclerotic patients. PubMed search from 1970 to 2009 using the key words stapedotomy or stapedectomy or otosclerosis or stapesplasty. Inclusion criteria to select articles and patient groups for meta-analysis and statistical analyses were ...
Sun Xiumei - - 2011
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently complicates coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations. As the frequency of obesity has increased in the United States, the number of obese patients undergoing CABG has kept pace. This study sought to define the association between body mass index (BMI) and postoperative AF. We studied ...
Bond Dale S DS Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, The Miriam Hospital/Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, 196 Richmond Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA. - - 2011
Bariatric surgery candidates spend very little time in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (≥ 3 metabolic equivalents [METs]). This study examined (1) how much of their remaining time is spent in sedentary behaviors (SB < 1.5 METs) compared to light-intensity activities (1.5–2.9 METs) and (2) whether sedentary time varies by BMI. ...
Folgar Francisco A - - 2011
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether filtering surgery, even when only partially successful, delays or slows visual field (VF) progression. METHODS: The records of all patients seen in a glaucoma referral practice from 1999 to 2009 were reviewed. Group A comprised eyes with ≥5 VFs before surgery and group B ...
Peker Yasin - - 2011
Abstract Background: Obesity is a serious health problem that leads to serious physical and psychological problems. The methods used in treating obesity include diet and behavioral changes, pharmacotherapy, and surgery. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and intragastric balloon (IGB) applications are two of the methods used to treat obesity. The ...
Cortínez Luis I - - 2011
Background: The onset and offset of action of anesthetic gases might be delayed by respiratory changes and gas exchange alterations present in obese patients. In this study, we assessed the influence of obesity on the hysteresis between sevoflurane and its effect as measured by the bispectral index (BIS). Because the ...
Sheybani Arsham - - 2011
OBJECTIVE To determine whether prolonged vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition is toxic to the retina by using pattern electroretinographic imaging in participants with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS We performed a prospective, single-arm clinical trial of 17 eyes in 17 treatment-naive participants with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization from AMD. On-label ...
Tamma Pranita D - - 2011
The optimal duration of antibiotic therapy for ventilator-associated tracheitis (VAT) has not been defined, which may result in unnecessarily prolonged courses of antibiotics. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether prolonged-course (≥7 days in duration) therapy for VAT was more protective against progression to hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) ...
Jensen M B - - 2011
Aim  Changes in postoperative fatigue, physical function and body composition were described in patients after open colorectal surgery, and factors that predicted postoperative fatigue 1 month after surgery were identified. Method  Data from five clinical intervention studies from 1991 to 2005 were amalgamated. Patients (n = 385) were examined preoperatively, at discharge and ...
Bessho Hiroaki - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the natural course and possible funduscopic risk factors for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in a Japanese population. METHODS:: The records of 42 eyes from 41 patients (27 men and 14 women) diagnosed as having polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy located in the macula between November 1999 and October 2005 were ...
Matlach Juliane - - 2011
While weight loss is the primary goal of bariatric procedures, the impact of quality of life (QoL), comorbidity, and surgery-related complications continue to grow. We report on our results of patients up to 12 years of follow-up undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Preoperative data of 153 patients treated with LAGB ...
Sutijono Darrell - - 2011
Pneumonia is the leading cause of mortality in young children in developing countries. A short course of antibiotics in the treatment of nonsevere pneumonia has been suggested as feasible and could lead to decreased costs, risk of adverse events, and development of antimicrobial resistance. This review evaluates the evidence regarding ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >