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Robertson Lee T LT Departments of Integrative Biosciences, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97201, USA. - - 2011
While deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proven to be an effective treatment for many symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD), a deterioration of axial symptoms frequently occurs, particularly for speech and swallowing. These unfavorable effects of DBS may depend on the site of stimulation. The authors made quantitative measures of jaw ...
Richardson Brynn E - - 2011
Morbidly obese individuals have altered sense of taste and smell. Gastric bypass (GBP) alters taste but olfactory function has not been evaluated. Changes in these senses may influence dietary preferences following GBP. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of abdominal operation, specifically GBP, and weight loss on olfactory function. ...
Capelle Hans-Holger - - 2011
Hemichorea-hemiballism is a rare movement disorder that has various causes. In treatment-resistant cases, both thalamic and pallidal functional procedures have been shown to yield beneficial results. Until now it has not been clarified whether the thalamus or the pallidum would yield a superior outcome. After resection of a craniopharyngioma in ...
Nikolic Marko - - 2011
This study aims to assess the effectiveness, tolerance, safety, and patient satisfaction of obesity treatments using the Bioenterics intragastric balloon (BIB). Prospective controlled trial of 33 obese patients who were treated with the BIB from March 2008 to March 2009 and who completed the 6 months treatment. Patients were selected on ...
Núñez Montserrat - - 2011
The impact of obesity on total knee replacement (TKR) outcomes is unclear. Studies use different classifications of obesity and heterogeneous methods, making comparisons difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQL) preoperatively and at 12 months of follow-up in severe and morbidly obese patients with ...
Bussolaro Rodolpho Alberto - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces body weight, but creates the need for surgical correction of the patient's body shape, especially of the abdomen. The abdominal skin of the ex-obese has a lower quantity of fibrous and non-fibrous components; however, its functional status has not yet been studied. This study quantified, at ...
Michalka Patrick K R - - 2011
Obesity is considered an independent risk factor for adverse outcome after arthroplasty surgery. Data on 191 consecutive total hip arthroplasties were prospectively collected. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated for each patient and grouped into nonobese (BMI <30 kg/m(2)), obese (BMI 30-34.9 kg/m(2)), and morbidly obese (BMI ≥35 kg/m(2)). Primary ...
Park Brian - - 2011
Objectives: Moderate (body mass index [BMI] ≥30) and morbid obesity (BMI ≥35) is increasing at an alarming rate in vascular surgery patients. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of obesity on perioperative and long-term clinical outcomes following open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair or endovascular aneurysm ...
Katznelson R - - 2011
Background: There is a concern that obesity may play a role in prolonging emergence from fat-soluble inhalational anaesthetics. We hypothesized that increased pulmonary clearance of isoflurane will shorten immediate recovery from anaesthesia and post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) stay in obese patients. Methods: After Ethics Review Board approval, 44 ASA I-III ...
Bittermann Arnold J N - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the audiometric results of primary stapes surgery in patients with otosclerosis and to determine predictors of a postoperative air-bone gap (ABG) of 10 dB or less and a postoperative gain in air conduction (AC) exceeding 20 dB. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center in Utrecht, ...
Meyers Kevin E C - - 2011
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2011;13:758-766. ©2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This post hoc analysis assessed the efficacy and tolerability of valsartan for the treatment of hypertension in obese vs non-obese children and adolescents. After a 1-week antihypertensive washout period, 142 obese and 119 non-obese hypertensive children and adolescents aged 6 to ...
Sarikaya Hakan - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obesity is an established risk factor for stroke and has reached epidemic proportions. However, its impact on intravenous thrombolysis applied for acute ischemic stroke is not well known. We aimed to compare the clinical outcome and safety after intravenous thrombolysis in obese (body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2)) ...
Tomita Toshihiko - - 2011
In the treatment of gastric cancer, argon plasma coagulation (APC) has certain merits, such as short operation time, easy procedure, and lack of serious complications compared with endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection, suggesting that this modality may be appropriate for some patients with gastric cancer. The aim of ...
Srikanth Myur Srinivasan - - 2011
Twenty percent of gastric restrictive operations require revision. Conversion to Proximal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (PRNYGBP) is associated with weight regain. Forty-one percent of these fail to achieve a body mass index (BMI) < 35. Few report follow-up (F/U) or quality of life (QOL) beyond 5 years. We report the long-term effectiveness of MRNYGBP ...
Martins Catia - - 2011
Few studies have looked at non-surgical alternatives for morbid obese patients. This study aims to compare 1-year weight loss and changes in risk factors and comorbidities after bariatric surgery and three conservative treatments. Patients with morbid obesity (BMI > 40 or BMI > 35 kg/m(2) plus comorbidities) on waiting list for bariatric surgery, were non-randomly ...
Wang Zhi Jian - - 2012
Obesity is a major risk factor for developing coronary artery disease. The impact of obesity on prognosis among those with established coronary disease is less clear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of obesity on repeat revascularization in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting ...
Lombardi Carlo - - 2011
Background. Asthma is an important co-morbidity of obesity. This study evaluated the impact of bariatric surgery on respiratory function in obese patients and compared the outcomes in asthmatic and non-asthmatic subjects. Methods. The study was observational and prospective and included subjects on waiting list for bariatric surgery. Pulmonary function, symptoms, ...
Marantos Georgios - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of surgically induced weight loss on the metabolic profile and adipocytokine levels in premenopausal morbidly obese females. METHODS: Twenty premenopausal morbidly obese (MO) women with a median age of 34 years (range: 24-48 years) and a median body mass index ...
Spielman Jennifer - - 2011
Intensive voice therapy (LSVT(®)LOUD) can effectively manage voice and speech symptoms associated with idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). This small-group study evaluated voice and speech in individuals with and without deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) before and after LSVT LOUD, to determine whether outcomes for surgical subjects were ...
Haverkamp Daniël - - 2011
Discussion persists as to whether obesity negatively influences the outcome of hip arthroplasty. We performed a meta-analysis with the primary research question of whether obesity has a negative effect on short- and long-term outcome of total hip arthroplasty. We searched the literature and included studies comparing the outcome of hip ...
Takahashi Yuji - - 2011
Leptin has been reported to exert an atherosclerotic effect by regulating expression of angiogenic factors that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) with statins could affect leptin levels and angiogenic factors in patients ...
Laske Roman D - - 2011
To analyze the influence of stapes prosthesis diameter on postoperative hearing results after stapedotomy without interposition in otosclerotic patients. PubMed search from 1970 to 2009 using the key words stapedotomy or stapedectomy or otosclerosis or stapesplasty. Inclusion criteria to select articles and patient groups for meta-analysis and statistical analyses were ...
Sun Xiumei - - 2011
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently complicates coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations. As the frequency of obesity has increased in the United States, the number of obese patients undergoing CABG has kept pace. This study sought to define the association between body mass index (BMI) and postoperative AF. We studied ...
Bond Dale S - - 2011
Bariatric surgery candidates spend very little time in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (≥ 3 metabolic equivalents [METs]). This study examined (1) how much of their remaining time is spent in sedentary behaviors (SB < 1.5 METs) compared to light-intensity activities (1.5–2.9 METs) and (2) whether sedentary time varies by BMI. ...
Folgar Francisco A - - 2011
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether filtering surgery, even when only partially successful, delays or slows visual field (VF) progression. METHODS: The records of all patients seen in a glaucoma referral practice from 1999 to 2009 were reviewed. Group A comprised eyes with ≥5 VFs before surgery and group B ...
Peker Yasin - - 2011
Abstract Background: Obesity is a serious health problem that leads to serious physical and psychological problems. The methods used in treating obesity include diet and behavioral changes, pharmacotherapy, and surgery. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and intragastric balloon (IGB) applications are two of the methods used to treat obesity. The ...
Cortínez Luis I - - 2011
Background: The onset and offset of action of anesthetic gases might be delayed by respiratory changes and gas exchange alterations present in obese patients. In this study, we assessed the influence of obesity on the hysteresis between sevoflurane and its effect as measured by the bispectral index (BIS). Because the ...
Sheybani Arsham - - 2011
OBJECTIVE To determine whether prolonged vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition is toxic to the retina by using pattern electroretinographic imaging in participants with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS We performed a prospective, single-arm clinical trial of 17 eyes in 17 treatment-naive participants with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization from AMD. On-label ...
Tamma Pranita D - - 2011
The optimal duration of antibiotic therapy for ventilator-associated tracheitis (VAT) has not been defined, which may result in unnecessarily prolonged courses of antibiotics. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether prolonged-course (≥7 days in duration) therapy for VAT was more protective against progression to hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) ...
Jensen M B - - 2011
Aim  Changes in postoperative fatigue, physical function and body composition were described in patients after open colorectal surgery, and factors that predicted postoperative fatigue 1 month after surgery were identified. Method  Data from five clinical intervention studies from 1991 to 2005 were amalgamated. Patients (n = 385) were examined preoperatively, at discharge and ...
Bessho Hiroaki - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To evaluate the natural course and possible funduscopic risk factors for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in a Japanese population. METHODS:: The records of 42 eyes from 41 patients (27 men and 14 women) diagnosed as having polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy located in the macula between November 1999 and October 2005 were ...
Matlach Juliane - - 2011
While weight loss is the primary goal of bariatric procedures, the impact of quality of life (QoL), comorbidity, and surgery-related complications continue to grow. We report on our results of patients up to 12 years of follow-up undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Preoperative data of 153 patients treated with LAGB ...
Sutijono Darrell - - 2011
Pneumonia is the leading cause of mortality in young children in developing countries. A short course of antibiotics in the treatment of nonsevere pneumonia has been suggested as feasible and could lead to decreased costs, risk of adverse events, and development of antimicrobial resistance. This review evaluates the evidence regarding ...
Bodell Lindsay P - - 2011
We aimed to replicate and extend our previous findings of an association between percent body fat in recently weight-restored patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and clinical outcome in the year following treatment. Twenty-two hospitalized, weight-restored women with AN underwent whole body MRI to determine percent adipose tissue. Following hospital discharge, ...
Baltasar Aniceto - - 2011
BMI and %EBMIL are the most accurate methods for comparing results of patients after bariatric surgery. %EBMIL is based on BMI 25 as a constant end-point for all patients, but BMI 25 is easily achieved by patients with BMI < 50, whereas it is not so feasible for patients with BMI > 50. We ...
Imazio Massimo - - 2011
Background- The role of inflammatory markers is not well defined for either diagnosis or treatment of pericarditis. The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate the frequency of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) elevation in patients with acute pericarditis, its time course of normalization, and the possible importance for diagnosis, ...
Murphy-Human Theresa - - 2011
The optimal regimen for seizure prophylaxis after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains uncertain. Based on data suggesting that a short course may be adequate, coupled with an association between phenytoin exposure and poor cognitive outcome, our institution modified their seizure prophylaxis protocol for patients with SAH from an extended course of ...
Stefanidis Dimitrios - - 2011
The ideal length of the gastric bypass limbs is debated. Recent evidence suggests that standard limb lengths used today have a limited impact on patient weight loss. Our objective was to appraise critically the available evidence on the influence of the length of gastric bypass limbs on weight loss outcomes. ...
Sørensen Lone Brinkmann - - 2011
We compared the effect on weight regain of behaviour modification consisting of either a gourmet cooking course or neurolinguistic programming (NLP) therapy. Fifty-six overweight and obese subjects participated. The first step was a 12-week weight loss program. Participants achieving at least 8% weight loss were randomized to five months of ...
Rossi Marco - - 2011
Obesity-associated microvascular dysfunction (MVD) involves different body tissues, including skin, and concurs to increased cardiovascular risk in obese patients (Ob-P). Generalized improvement of MVD is an important goal in obesity treatment. Since skin MVD mirrors generalized systemic MVD, skin microvascular investigation in prospective studies in Ob-P may surrogate microvascular investigation ...
Wang Hai-Yan - - 2011
To compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal bevacizumab alone versus bevacizumab combined with triamcinolone acetonide in eyes with macular edema caused by central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in Chinese patients. Seventy-five eyes of 75 patients were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, consecutive study. Thirty-six patients in group 1 were ...
Berland Marco - - 2011
The objective of the study was to determine the effect of different bovine gamete coincubation times on fertilization and embryo development performance. In vitro matured COCs were co-incubated with sperm at a concentration of 1.5 × 10(6) spermatozoa/ml in TALP medium for 3 hours (T 3, n = 362), 6 ...
Ardizzone Sandro - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is uncertain whether mucosal healing after the first course of corticosteroids therapy predicts outcome in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). We evaluated whether early clinical and endoscopic responses to this therapy are associated with late outcomes in UC. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed UC who were ...
Sallé Agnès - - 2010
Although zinc deficiency is common after bariatric surgery, its incidence is underestimated. The objective was to monitor zinc and nutritional status before and 6, 12 and 24 months (M6, M12 and M24) after gastric bypass (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass), sleeve gastrectomy and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (DS) in patients receiving ...
van Griensven Johan - - 2010
This study was conducted among 609 adults on stavudine-based antiretroviral treatment (ART) for at least one year at health center level in Kigali, Rwanda to (a) determine the proportion who manifest weight loss after one year of ART (b) examine the association between such weight loss and a number of ...
De Castro Maria Luisa - - 2010
The intragastric balloon is a temporary treatment for obese patients. Fluid-filled devices have shown efficacy and safety, and are widely used. Recently, although there are no comparative studies between them, an air-filled balloon, Heliosphere® bag, has been proposed. Prospective, double-blind study in 33 patients with morbid and type 2 obesity: ...
Nuñez Montserrat - - 2011
Although the health-related quality of life (HRQL) for patients who are obese seems to improve after TKA, the magnitude of improvement and the associated factors remain controversial. We previously found body mass index was not associated with changes in HRQL after TKA. The purposes of this secondary analysis were to ...
Hofsø D - - 2011
The effects of various weight loss strategies on pancreatic beta cell function remain unclear. We aimed to compare the effect of intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) on beta cell function. One year controlled clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00273104). One hundred and nineteen morbidly obese participants ...
Liu Po-En - - 2011
Little data are available on the outcome of tension-free obturator tape (TVT-O) procedures in obese and overweight women. We hypothesized that the subjective and objective outcomes of TVT-O in women with a higher body mass index (BMI) would differ from those with a lower BMI. We retrospectively reviewed the records ...
Matsuda Takeru T Department of Surgery, Kobe Kaisei Hospital, Kobe 657-0078, Japan. - - 2010
To describe a new surgical technique and evaluate the early results of segmental gastrectomy (SG) with modified D2 lymph node (LN) dissection for early gastric cancer (EGC). Fourteen patients with EGC underwent SG with modified D2 dissection from 2006 to 2008. Their operative results and postoperative courses were compared with ...
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