Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1944
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Larsen Michael C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between gastric wall thickness and BMI. Bariatric surgery patients undergoing a pre-operative screening EGD and patients undergoing endoscopic ultrasound for non-gastric pathology were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients underwent endoscopic ultrasound evaluation with measurements of gastric wall thickness at ...
Breyer Benjamin N BN Department of Urology, University of California, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California 94117, - - 2009
To determine whether obesity increases the risk of urethroplasty failure. A total of 381 patients underwent urethroplasty and had complete body mass index (BMI) data. Stricture recurrence-free survival was defined as subjective and objective improvement in urinary flow, an absence of radiographic evidence of stricture, and no further need for ...
Strain Gladys W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A paucity of information is available on the comparative body composition changes after bariatric procedures. The present study reports on the body mass index (BMI) and body composition changes after 4 procedures by a single group. METHODS: At the initial consultation, the weight and body composition of the patients ...
Morgan Philip J PJ School of Education, Faculty of Education and Arts, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an Internet-based weight-loss program for men in an assessor blinded randomized controlled trial. In total, 65 overweight/obese male staff and students at the University of Newcastle (mean (s.d.) age = 35.9 (11.1) years; BMI = 30.6 (2.8)) were randomly ...
Haapala Irja - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short- and long-term effectiveness and the predictors of weight loss in a mobile phone weight-loss programme among healthy overweight adults. DESIGN: One hundred and twenty-five healthy, overweight (BMI = 26-36 kg/m2), 25-44-year-old, screened volunteers were randomized to an experimental group (n 62) to use a mobile ...
Barbalho-Moulim Marcela Cangussu - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the effects of silicone-ring Roux-en-Y gastric bypass carried out by laparoscopy versus that accomplished by laparotomy on pulmonary function. A total of 26 women (body mass index (BMI) 35-49 kg/m(2)) were studied candidates for silicone-ring Roux-en-Y gastric bypass carried out by laparoscopy ...
Göttig Stephan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The implantation of an intragastric balloon constitutes a short-term effective non-surgical intervention to lose weight. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the clinical outcome and safety of gastric balloon therapy (GBT) in extremely obese patients. METHODS: One hundred and nine super- and super-super-obese patients, 64 males ...
Jin Judy - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D deficiency occurring after gastric bypass procedures can predispose patients to calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) level abnormalities. The aim of the study is to identify preoperative patient risk factors for postoperative vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedures between 2005 ...
Batsis John A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Eating behaviors often predict outcomes after bariatric surgery, and in this regard, self-efficacy has been shown to predict long-term behavior. We examined current eating self-efficacy in post-bariatric surgery patients comparing them to obese non-surgery patients to determine whether weight loss is associated with increased self-efficacy in post-bariatric surgery patients. ...
Sakuramoto Shinichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) is not widely used for the treatment of gastric cancer located in the upper or middle third of the stomach. To assess the safety and usefulness of LATG, we compared the outcomes of LATG with those of open total gastrectomy (OTG). METHODS: From July 2004 ...
Goitein David - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity as an additional bariatric procedure, either as a first step for biliopancreatic diversion or gastric bypass or as a stand-alone option for selected patients. Early postoperative fluid tolerance varies between patients and influences the length of hospital stay. Swallow studies after LSG ...
Morgan Katherine A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients who have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity may develop postoperative abdominal pain disorders that require surgical evaluation. Chronic pancreatitis and pain associated with sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) is an uncommon disorder whose clinical diagnosis is problematic without sphincter of Oddi manometry. To evaluate the diagnosis ...
Speicher James E - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Postsurgical gastric atony occurs infrequently after gastric surgery. However, the symptoms are disabling and refractory to medical management. The only effective treatment is completion gastrectomy. A few studies have examined in detail the long-term results of this radical procedure. METHODS: From 1988 through 2007, 44 patients (84% female, 16% ...
Mbassa, GK; ; mbassa@suanet.ac.tz,
The effect of tick control by strategic dipping in synthetic pyrethroids on growth and survival rates of calves in Eastern Tanzania where <i>Theileria parva</i> and other tick borne infections (babesiosis, anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis) are endemic was measured. One day to five months old Tanganyika short horn zebu (<i>Bos indicus</i>) maintained ...
Kilic Arman - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Abnormal body mass index has been targeted as a predictor of complications after major surgery. The aim of this study was to review the impact of obesity on perioperative outcomes after minimally invasive esophagectomy. METHODS: This study was a single-institution retrospective review of patients undergoing minimally invasive esophagectomy for ...
Abu-Rajab R B - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess patterns of weight loss/gain following total hip or knee joint replacement. Four hundred and fifty primary lower limb arthroplasty patients, where the current surgery was the last limiting factor to improved mobility, were selected. Over a one year period 212 gained weight ...
Shirzad M - - 2009
AIM: Obesity is commonly thought to be a risk factor for morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of variations in body mass index on in-hospital outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective review ...
Kolotkin Ronette L - - 2009
Few weight loss surgery trials have evaluated the changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) relative to obese individuals not participating in weight loss interventions. In a prospective study at a bariatric surgery practice, we evaluated the 2-year changes in HRQOL in gastric bypass patients compared with 2 severely obese ...
Snyder Brad - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass and adjustable gastric banding currently are the most commonly performed weight loss surgeries. The results are encouraging for most patients, but some patients have a better experience than others. This report aims to define differences between those who succeeded and those that failed to lose significant excessive ...
Wadden Thomas A - - 2009
This report provides a further analysis of the first year weight losses in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study and identifies factors associated with success. Participants were a total of 5,145 men and women with type 2 diabetes who were recruited at 16 sites and randomly assigned ...
Uglioni Bettina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We investigated early and midterm results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as an isolated primary and secondary operation after failed gastric banding. METHODS: Between May 2004 and October 2007, a total of 70 patients (female 77%, mean age 43 (21-65) years, mean initial body mass index (BMI) 46 (35-61) ...
Ballem Naveen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obese patients have a multitude of gastrointestinal symptoms that differ from their nonobese counterparts. The published data remain scant on changes in gastrointestinal symptoms among this cohort before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The aim of this study was to quantify these symptoms and understand the changes that ...
Phillips Edward - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgery using laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands have been demonstrated in numerous published studies. We present the results of the first U.S. multicenter trial of the Realize adjustable gastric band, a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band previously available only outside the United States as the ...
Ng'ang'a C J - - 2009
The effects of anthelmintics treatments in controlling gastrointestinal nematodes in breeding ewes in a semi-arid area of Kenya were determined. The study carried out during two breeding seasons, between June 2000 and December 2001 where albendazole was administered to groups of ewes, 2 weeks before mating, 3 weeks to lambing ...
Luo Hao Lun - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of gasless hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy (HARNU). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 54 patients who underwent HARNU were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into two groups: Retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy with hand port (traditional HARNU) and without hand port (gasless HARNU). Each group was then ...
Shim Jung Ho - - 2009
PURPOSE: It is generally considered difficult to operate on overweight patients, who are also at increased risk of postoperative complications. We conducted this study to clarify the technical feasibility and postoperative outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for early gastric cancer (EGC) in overweight patients. METHODS: Between July 2004 and ...
Papavramidis Th - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The population with a BMI of 70kg/m2 or greater has been described and categorized as mega-obese. Mega-obese patients weighing more than 250kg constitute a special group of mega-obese patients that present more intra- and post-operative problems than other suprasuperobese. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis ...
Klingemann Jennifer - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) along with decreasing obesity-related morbidity is one of the cornerstones of bariatric surgery. The aim of the study was to investigate how losing weight influences the HRQoL 1 year after gastric bypass and whether HRQoL prior to surgery predicts the amount of weight ...
Treuer Tamás - - 2009
The aim of this 6-month observational study was to examine which clinical, eating- and lifestyle-related factors were associated with weight gain in patients initiating or switching to oral olanzapine for the treatment of schizophrenia or bipolar mania. A total of 622 outpatients in four countries (China, Mexico, Romania, Taiwan) were ...
Tanaka Mari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathological role of obesity in the progression of glomerular lesions has rarely been studied in primary glomerular diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of non-diabetic obesity on clinicopathological findings in IgA nephropathy. METHODS: 74 patients with biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy were retrospectively divided into ...
Skipworth J - - 2009
Studies have shown that weight loss is associated with adverse outcomes in all treatment modalities for esophagogastric carcinoma. Because of the increased prevalence of obesity and the effectiveness of perioperative nutrition, a number of patients are now obese or have normal body mass index (BMI) at the time of treatment. ...
Göttig Stephan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gastric balloon therapy (GBT) is a temporary, nonsurgical treatment for obesity. This retrospective study evaluates safety and efficacy of GBT in obese patients. METHODS: The BioEnterics. Intragastric Balloon (BIB) was endoscopically implanted into each patient's stomach and inflated with saline (450-750 ml). Extraction was planned after 6 months. Data ...
Hrdlicka Michal - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess weight changes associated with certain atypical (AAP) and typical (TAP) antipsychotic drugs in patients with early-onset schizophrenia and other related psychotic disorders. METHODS: Our retrospective study included 109 patients (52 boys, 57 girls) with a mean age of 15.8 +/- 1.6 ...
Vavken Patrick - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Postoperative thromboses are among the most feared complications in orthopedic surgery as they may cause life-threatening conditions in otherwise highly successful procedures such as total joint replacement. Body weight is an important risk factor for thromboses and is used in algorithms to determine dosages in prophylaxis. However, weight patterns ...
Case Ryan C - - 2009
Objective. Obesity is a significant contributor to oxygen demand and dynamic airway obstruction. The objective of the current study is to determine the long-term success of conservative measures directed toward weight reduction on airway management without respect to specific airway disease etiology. Methods. Patients with chronic airway obstruction secondary anatomic ...
Ribeiro Angela Gadelha - - 2009
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between meal frequency, the occurrence of vomiting and weight loss among patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass up to 9 months after surgery. Female patients (n = 80) were followed at 3-month intervals for 9 months. Weight, BMI, 24-hour dietary recall, drug consumption ...
Awartani Khalid A - - 2009
Obesity is a common disorder with a negative impact on IVF treatment outcome. It is not clear whether morbidly obese women (BMI >= 35 kg/m2) respond to treatment differently as compared to obese women (BMI = 30-34.9 kg/m2) in IVF. Our aim was to compare the outcome of IVF or ...
Thalheimer Andreas A Department of General Surgery, University of Wuerzburg Hospital, Wuerzburg, Germany. - - 2009
The success rate of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in the treatment of morbid obesity is very variable.A reasonable preoperative selection of eligible patients seems to be important for a successful outcome of LAGB. In the present study, criteria were investigated to predict the outcome of LAGB. 85 morbidly obese ...
Laungani Rajesh G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is an independent risk factor for urinary incontinence (UI) that tends to be underreported. A validated, reliable, self-administered, easy-to-use questionnaire was used to determine the effect of laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) surgery on UI in morbidly obese women. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 470 morbidly obese women seeking ...
Chijiiwa Kazuo - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To examine whether vertical retrocolic duodenojejunostomy is superior to antecolic duodenojejunostomy with respect to gastric emptying in a prospective, randomized, controlled study of patients undergoing pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PpPD). METHODS: Thirty-five patients undergoing PpPD between March 2005 and July 2007 were enrolled in the study. All provided informed consent. During ...
Garipa??ao??lu Muazzez - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the short- and long-term effects of a 3-month family-based group treatment in the management of childhood obesity versus individual treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty obese children, aged between 6 and 14 years, and their parents were included in this prospective controlled clinical study. Forty participants were ...
Tokunaga Masanori - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Proximal gastrectomy is typically indicated in early gastric cancer of the upper third of the stomach. Esophagogastrostomy (EG) and jejunum interposition (JI) are often selected as reconstruction methods, although the more appropriate method of the two is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seven patients, who ...
Trande Paolo - - 2010
Overweight and obesity lead to serious health consequences, so that many strategies were recommended for preventing or curing this emerging problem. Treatments are various: diet, physical activity, psychotherapy, drugs, and bariatric surgery. Moreover, during these years, the use of intragastric balloon (BIB) to treat obesity increased rapidly, aimed to (1) ...
Lee Joo-Ho - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Application of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for early gastric cancer (EGC) is still controversial because of scant evidence of long-term safety and feasibility. We evaluated the long-term outcome of LADG compared with conventional open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for EGC. METHODS: Between March 1999 and July 2006, 106 patients underwent ...
Sun Hong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To observe the relationship between treatment course and therapeutic effect of acupuncture on female obesity in different types. METHODS: The 83 cases of obesity were divided into two groups: abdominal obesity group (AO, 31 cases) and symmetrical obesity group (SO, 52 cases). All of them were treated by acupuncture ...
Dapri Giovanni - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and short-term efficacy of the conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) because of inadequate weight loss. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were an inadequate percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL), defined as <30% at > or =1 year after ...
Rosenthal Raul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available evaluating the effect of sleeve gastrectomy on the control of DM. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of sleeve gastrectomy in improving glycemic control of obese patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) at a research clinic. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database ...
Mui Wilfred Lik-Man - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The impact of intragastric balloon (IGB) on obesity-related illnesses and quality of life (QOL) has not been previously investigated. METHOD: One hundred and nineteen consecutive obese patients (86 females; mean age 37.8; mean body weight (BW) 103.7 +/- 24.1 kg; mean BMI 38.4 +/- 8.0 kg/m(2)) who underwent IGB ...
Cottam Daniel R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To determine the effect of different stoma sizes on the percent excess weight loss (%EWL) following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGBP). METHODS: Blinded randomized prospective controlled study in two American Society for Bariatric Surgeons-designated Centers of Excellence hospitals. Two hundred gastric bypass patients between January 2005 and September ...
Gracia J A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many techniques have excellent results at 2 years of follow-up but some matters regarding their long-term efficacy have arisen. This is why bariatric surgery results must be analyzed in long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to extend the analysis over 5 years, evaluating weight loss, morbidity, and ...
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