Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1927
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Kolotkin Ronette L - - 2009
Few weight loss surgery trials have evaluated the changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) relative to obese individuals not participating in weight loss interventions. In a prospective study at a bariatric surgery practice, we evaluated the 2-year changes in HRQOL in gastric bypass patients compared with 2 severely obese ...
Snyder Brad - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass and adjustable gastric banding currently are the most commonly performed weight loss surgeries. The results are encouraging for most patients, but some patients have a better experience than others. This report aims to define differences between those who succeeded and those that failed to lose significant excessive ...
Wadden Thomas A - - 2009
This report provides a further analysis of the first year weight losses in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study and identifies factors associated with success. Participants were a total of 5,145 men and women with type 2 diabetes who were recruited at 16 sites and randomly assigned ...
Uglioni Bettina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We investigated early and midterm results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as an isolated primary and secondary operation after failed gastric banding. METHODS: Between May 2004 and October 2007, a total of 70 patients (female 77%, mean age 43 (21-65) years, mean initial body mass index (BMI) 46 (35-61) ...
Ballem Naveen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obese patients have a multitude of gastrointestinal symptoms that differ from their nonobese counterparts. The published data remain scant on changes in gastrointestinal symptoms among this cohort before and after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The aim of this study was to quantify these symptoms and understand the changes that ...
Phillips Edward - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgery using laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands have been demonstrated in numerous published studies. We present the results of the first U.S. multicenter trial of the Realize adjustable gastric band, a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band previously available only outside the United States as the ...
Ng'ang'a C J - - 2009
The effects of anthelmintics treatments in controlling gastrointestinal nematodes in breeding ewes in a semi-arid area of Kenya were determined. The study carried out during two breeding seasons, between June 2000 and December 2001 where albendazole was administered to groups of ewes, 2 weeks before mating, 3 weeks to lambing ...
Luo Hao Lun - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of gasless hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy (HARNU). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 54 patients who underwent HARNU were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into two groups: Retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy with hand port (traditional HARNU) and without hand port (gasless HARNU). Each group was then ...
Shim Jung Ho - - 2009
PURPOSE: It is generally considered difficult to operate on overweight patients, who are also at increased risk of postoperative complications. We conducted this study to clarify the technical feasibility and postoperative outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for early gastric cancer (EGC) in overweight patients. METHODS: Between July 2004 and ...
Papavramidis Th - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The population with a BMI of 70kg/m2 or greater has been described and categorized as mega-obese. Mega-obese patients weighing more than 250kg constitute a special group of mega-obese patients that present more intra- and post-operative problems than other suprasuperobese. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis ...
Klingemann Jennifer - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) along with decreasing obesity-related morbidity is one of the cornerstones of bariatric surgery. The aim of the study was to investigate how losing weight influences the HRQoL 1 year after gastric bypass and whether HRQoL prior to surgery predicts the amount of weight ...
Treuer Tamás - - 2009
The aim of this 6-month observational study was to examine which clinical, eating- and lifestyle-related factors were associated with weight gain in patients initiating or switching to oral olanzapine for the treatment of schizophrenia or bipolar mania. A total of 622 outpatients in four countries (China, Mexico, Romania, Taiwan) were ...
Tanaka Mari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathological role of obesity in the progression of glomerular lesions has rarely been studied in primary glomerular diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of non-diabetic obesity on clinicopathological findings in IgA nephropathy. METHODS: 74 patients with biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy were retrospectively divided into ...
Skipworth J - - 2009
Studies have shown that weight loss is associated with adverse outcomes in all treatment modalities for esophagogastric carcinoma. Because of the increased prevalence of obesity and the effectiveness of perioperative nutrition, a number of patients are now obese or have normal body mass index (BMI) at the time of treatment. ...
Göttig Stephan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gastric balloon therapy (GBT) is a temporary, nonsurgical treatment for obesity. This retrospective study evaluates safety and efficacy of GBT in obese patients. METHODS: The BioEnterics. Intragastric Balloon (BIB) was endoscopically implanted into each patient's stomach and inflated with saline (450-750 ml). Extraction was planned after 6 months. Data ...
Hrdlicka Michal - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess weight changes associated with certain atypical (AAP) and typical (TAP) antipsychotic drugs in patients with early-onset schizophrenia and other related psychotic disorders. METHODS: Our retrospective study included 109 patients (52 boys, 57 girls) with a mean age of 15.8 +/- 1.6 ...
Vavken Patrick - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Postoperative thromboses are among the most feared complications in orthopedic surgery as they may cause life-threatening conditions in otherwise highly successful procedures such as total joint replacement. Body weight is an important risk factor for thromboses and is used in algorithms to determine dosages in prophylaxis. However, weight patterns ...
Case Ryan C - - 2009
Objective. Obesity is a significant contributor to oxygen demand and dynamic airway obstruction. The objective of the current study is to determine the long-term success of conservative measures directed toward weight reduction on airway management without respect to specific airway disease etiology. Methods. Patients with chronic airway obstruction secondary anatomic ...
Thalheimer Andreas - - 2009
The success rate of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in the treatment of morbid obesity is very variable.A reasonable preoperative selection of eligible patients seems to be important for a successful outcome of LAGB. In the present study, criteria were investigated to predict the outcome of LAGB. Methods: 85 morbidly ...
Ribeiro Angela Gadelha - - 2009
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between meal frequency, the occurrence of vomiting and weight loss among patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass up to 9 months after surgery. Female patients (n = 80) were followed at 3-month intervals for 9 months. Weight, BMI, 24-hour dietary recall, drug consumption ...
Awartani Khalid A - - 2009
Obesity is a common disorder with a negative impact on IVF treatment outcome. It is not clear whether morbidly obese women (BMI >= 35 kg/m2) respond to treatment differently as compared to obese women (BMI = 30-34.9 kg/m2) in IVF. Our aim was to compare the outcome of IVF or ...
Laungani Rajesh G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is an independent risk factor for urinary incontinence (UI) that tends to be underreported. A validated, reliable, self-administered, easy-to-use questionnaire was used to determine the effect of laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) surgery on UI in morbidly obese women. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 470 morbidly obese women seeking ...
Chijiiwa Kazuo - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To examine whether vertical retrocolic duodenojejunostomy is superior to antecolic duodenojejunostomy with respect to gastric emptying in a prospective, randomized, controlled study of patients undergoing pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PpPD). METHODS: Thirty-five patients undergoing PpPD between March 2005 and July 2007 were enrolled in the study. All provided informed consent. During ...
Garipa??ao??lu Muazzez - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the short- and long-term effects of a 3-month family-based group treatment in the management of childhood obesity versus individual treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty obese children, aged between 6 and 14 years, and their parents were included in this prospective controlled clinical study. Forty participants were ...
Tokunaga Masanori - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Proximal gastrectomy is typically indicated in early gastric cancer of the upper third of the stomach. Esophagogastrostomy (EG) and jejunum interposition (JI) are often selected as reconstruction methods, although the more appropriate method of the two is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seven patients, who ...
Trande Paolo - - 2010
Overweight and obesity lead to serious health consequences, so that many strategies were recommended for preventing or curing this emerging problem. Treatments are various: diet, physical activity, psychotherapy, drugs, and bariatric surgery. Moreover, during these years, the use of intragastric balloon (BIB) to treat obesity increased rapidly, aimed to (1) ...
Lee Joo-Ho - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Application of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for early gastric cancer (EGC) is still controversial because of scant evidence of long-term safety and feasibility. We evaluated the long-term outcome of LADG compared with conventional open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for EGC. METHODS: Between March 1999 and July 2006, 106 patients underwent ...
Sun Hong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To observe the relationship between treatment course and therapeutic effect of acupuncture on female obesity in different types. METHODS: The 83 cases of obesity were divided into two groups: abdominal obesity group (AO, 31 cases) and symmetrical obesity group (SO, 52 cases). All of them were treated by acupuncture ...
Dapri Giovanni - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and short-term efficacy of the conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) because of inadequate weight loss. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were an inadequate percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL), defined as <30% at > or =1 year after ...
Rosenthal Raul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available evaluating the effect of sleeve gastrectomy on the control of DM. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of sleeve gastrectomy in improving glycemic control of obese patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) at a research clinic. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database ...
Mui Wilfred Lik-Man - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The impact of intragastric balloon (IGB) on obesity-related illnesses and quality of life (QOL) has not been previously investigated. METHOD: One hundred and nineteen consecutive obese patients (86 females; mean age 37.8; mean body weight (BW) 103.7 +/- 24.1 kg; mean BMI 38.4 +/- 8.0 kg/m(2)) who underwent IGB ...
Cottam Daniel R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To determine the effect of different stoma sizes on the percent excess weight loss (%EWL) following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGBP). METHODS: Blinded randomized prospective controlled study in two American Society for Bariatric Surgeons-designated Centers of Excellence hospitals. Two hundred gastric bypass patients between January 2005 and September ...
Gracia J A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many techniques have excellent results at 2 years of follow-up but some matters regarding their long-term efficacy have arisen. This is why bariatric surgery results must be analyzed in long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to extend the analysis over 5 years, evaluating weight loss, morbidity, and ...
Bussolaro Rodolpho Alberto - - 2010
The number of bariatric surgeries is progressively increasing in the USA and in Brazil. The number of post-bariatric plastic surgeries also increases as a response to this phenomenon. Abdominoplasties performed in former morbidly obese patients present a larger number of postoperative complications. Studies show that abdominoplasty caused postoperative skin hypesthesia. ...
Rosen David S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Many patients undergoing lumbar spine fusion are overweight or obese. The relationship between body habitus and outcome after lumbar spine fusion surgery is not well defined. METHODS: We analyzed a prospectively maintained database of self-reported pain and quality of life measures, including Visual Analog Scale pain score, Short Form ...
Wiltz Aimee L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of body mass index (BMI) on perioperative functional and oncological outcomes in patients undergoing robotic laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP) when stratified by BMI. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively for 945 consecutive patients undergoing RLRP. Patients were evaluated with the UCLA-PCI-SF36v2 validated-quality-of-life questionnaire preoperatively and postoperatively ...
Simoneau Marie-David - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on appropriate dosing of low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in bariatric surgery. The objective of this study was to describe the postoperative effects of LMWH dalteparin on anti-factor Xa (AFXa) level in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS: This was a ...
Sollazzi Liliana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In obese patients, concomitant use of clonidine and ketamine might be suitable to reduce the doses and minimize the undesired side effects of anesthetic and analgesic drugs. In this study, we evaluated the perioperative effects of administration of clonidine and ketamine in morbidly obese patients undergoing weight loss surgery ...
Wool Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 25% of Americans older than 60 years are obese. Male gender and advanced age are indicators of increased risk for bariatric surgery. Good results have been shown in patients older than 50, but nearly all published studies include a large majority of females, and few ...
Lanyon Richard I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To investigate the predictability and sustainability of weight loss in gastric bypass (GBP) surgery after the first year, we conducted a 3-year follow-up of patients who had already been comprehensively studied preoperatively and after 1 year. METHODS: Preoperative data had been obtained for 131 morbidly obese patients on a ...
Kaplan A S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous research has found that many patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are unable to maintain normal weight after weight restoration. The objective of this study was to identify variables that predicted successful weight maintenance among weight-restored AN patients. METHOD: Ninety-three patients with AN treated at two sites (Toronto and ...
Snyder Brad - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To determine the body mass index (BMI) located at the fulcrum of success and failure in a prospective study conducted at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. On average, our patients whose percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) was >50% at 1 year had a significantly ...
White Brent - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obese patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) refractory to medical therapy are a challenging patient population as obesity is a preoperative predictor of failure after antireflux surgery. We therefore sought to evaluate outcomes using one of two commercially available endoluminal therapies in this population. METHODS: Consecutive obese patients (body ...
Mittermair Reinhard P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Swedish adjustable gastric banding (SAGB) is an effective treatment for morbid obesity. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of SAGB in older patients aged >or=50 years. METHODS: Between January 1996 and January 2006, 134 patients (102 women, 32 men) of 785 consecutive patients ...
DePaula Aureo Ludovico - - 2009
A group of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and body mass index (BMI) 20-34 kg/m(2) were submitted to laparoscopic interposition of a segment of ileum into the proximal jejunum or into the proximal duodenum associated to a sleeve gastrectomy. The objective of this study is to evaluate the ...
DePaula A L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical results of the laparoscopic interposition of a segment of ileum into the proximal duodenum associated to a sleeve gastrectomy (II-DSG) in order to treat patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and body mass index (BMI) 21-29 kg/m2. PATIENTS ...
Smith Brian R - - 2008
Diabetes is a well-recognized and treatable risk factor for cardiac disease, and one of many comorbidities associated with obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of a cohort of morbidly obese patients with documented diabetes who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Fifty-nine patients with sufficient ...
Porter Scott E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare the early complications with operative treatment of acetabular fractures in morbidly obese (body mass index >or=40) patients when compared with all other patients. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirty-five consecutive patients with acetabular fractures operatively treated by a single surgeon. Forty-one of ...
Kakoulidis Thanos P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of sleeve gastrectomy for patients with class I obesity (body mass index 30-35 kg/m(2)) at a private hospital with self-paying patients. Randomized trials have shown a benefit for bariatric surgery compared with conservative treatment in patients with class I obesity. Sleeve gastrectomy is a relatively ...
Pocock Stuart J - - 2008
The curiosity that leanness is associated with poor survival in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) needs further insight by investigating the impact of weight loss on prognosis in a large sample of patients across a broad spectrum of both reduced and preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function. We investigated ...
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