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Pendle Naomi N PhD candidate, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United - - 2014
By the start of 2014, violent conflict had erupted across much of South Sudan following initial violence in Juba on 15 December 2013. The speed with which the fighting has spread raises questions regarding the impact of national-level politics on violence at the local level. This article develops a framework ...
Putkonen Anu - - 2013
This randomized controlled trial studied whether seclusion and restraint could be prevented in the psychiatric care of persons with schizophrenia without an increase of violence. Over the course of a year, 13 wards of a secured national psychiatric hospital in Finland received information about seclusion and restraint prevention. Four high-security ...
Tan Guosheng - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the effect of uterine arterial embolization (UAE) on the level of endometrial integrin ανβ3 in guinea pigs. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 55 female guinea pigs were randomly divided into a sham group (n=10) and a UAE group (n=45). The animals in the UAE group ...
Grau Teodoro - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy of alanine-glutamine dipeptide-supplemented total parenteral nutrition defined by the occurrence of nosocomial infections. Secondary parameters included Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, hyperglycemia and insulin needs, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, and 6-month mortality. Multicenter, prospective, double-blind, ...
Sayeed Siraj A - - 2011
Young patients with osteonecrosis (ON) treated with THA often have suboptimal function and radiographic failure with eventual revision. Resurfacing may be an option because of potentially increased functionality and decreased radiographic failure, although neither has been confirmed in the literature. We therefore compared the clinical scores and radiographic failures of ...
Amstutz Harlan C - - 2011
Short-term studies report comparable complication rates of one-stage bilateral versus two-stage procedures in hip resurfacing, although the long-term effects of such procedures on survivorship, quality of life, and disease-specific scores are currently unknown. We compared clinical scores, length of stay, complication rates, and survivorship in patients who underwent bilateral hip ...
Ohura Takehiko - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of nutrition intervention on nutritional states and healing of pressure ulcers by standardizing or unified factors including nursing, care and treatment in a multicenter open randomized trial. Tube-fed patients with Stage III-IV pressure ulcers were selected. The control group (30 ...
Rice Todd W - - 2011
Enteral nutrition is provided to mechanically ventilated patients who cannot eat normally, yet the amount of support needed is unknown. We conducted this randomized, open-label study to test the hypothesis that initial low-volume (i.e., trophic) enteral nutrition would decrease episodes of gastrointestinal intolerance/complications and improve outcomes as compared to initial ...
Rubio A - - 2011
Background  Nutritional therapy has an established role as induction therapy in paediatric Crohn's disease. However, compliance is the main difficulty and may be greatly influenced by the administration route. Aim  To analyse the efficiency of exclusive nutrition to induce remission in children with Crohn's disease comparing fractionated oral vs. continuous ...
Klek Stanislaw - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Postoperative pancreatic fistula is the most common and potentially life-threatening complication after pancreatic surgery. Although nutritional support is a key component of conservative therapy in such cases, there have been no well-designed clinical trials substantiating the superiority of either total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or enteral nutrition (EN). ...
Mansfield C S - - 2011
Background: The putative role of the gut in amplification of systemic inflammation in acute pancreatitis is gaining credence, and intraluminal nutrition has been shown to decrease inflammation in experimental models of pancreatitis. Prepyloric feeding often is used in people with acute pancreatitis, but has not been evaluated in dogs. Hypothesis: ...
Morais Alvaro A C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Few investigations have correlated long-term nutritional support (NS) with outcome in the intensive care unit, in comparison with NS for shorter periods. OBJECTIVE: In a retrospective protocol, duration of enteral and/or parenteral nutrition was analyzed in the light of severity of illness, targeting hospital mortality. RESULTS: Seriously ill patients ...
Singer Pierre - - 2011
To determine whether nutritional support guided by repeated measurements of resting energy requirements improves the outcome of critically ill patients. This was a prospective, randomized, single-center, pilot clinical trial conducted in an adult general intensive care (ICU) unit. The study population comprised mechanically ventilated patients (n = 130) expected to ...
Hoekstra Jellie C - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary intervention program on nutritional intake and of nutritional intake on nutritional status and quality of life in older patients treated for a hip fracture. METHODS: A controlled prospective cohort study included 66 patients in ...
Neelemaat Floor - - 2011
Older people are vulnerable to malnutrition, which leads to negative outcomes. This study evaluates the effectiveness of nutritional supplementation in malnourished elderly patients after hospital discharge. Hospital-admitted malnourished elderly patients (≥60 years) were randomized to receive either nutritional supplementation (energy and protein enriched diet, oral nutritional support, calcium-vitamin D supplement, telephone ...
Miese Falk Roland - - 2011
T2 and T2* mapping are novel tools to assess cartilage quality. To evaluate hip cartilage quality in the long-term follow-up of patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) with T2 and T2* mapping. Thirty-three patients (19 men, 14 women, mean age 24 ± 6.0 years, range 18-51 years) with a ...
Seike Junichi - - 2011
Background: Enteral nutrition (EN) is now used more frequently than total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for nutritional support after resection for esophageal cancer. But consensus regarding which type of nutrition should be used does not exist. We studied the effect of TPN and EN on patients' nutritional status and immune function ...
Lavernia Carlos J - - 2011
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) provides high functional scores and long-term survivorship. However, differences in function and disability between men and women before and after arthroplasty are not well understood. We determined if there was a gender difference in patient-perceived functional measures and range of motion in primary THA. We retrospectively ...
Restrepo Camilo - - 2011
In 2005, we reported removal of functional restriction after primary THA performed through the anterolateral approach did not increase the incidence of dislocation. To develop a current practice guideline, we evaluated the incidence of early dislocation after primary THA after implementation of a no-restriction protocol. Between January 2005 and December ...
Su Edwin P - - 2011
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) could be associated with an increased risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) compared to traditional noncemented THA because it involves greater dissection, increased kinking and distortion of the femoral vessels, takes longer to perform, and involves insertion of some cement into the femur. Does HRA lead ...
McCarthy Joseph C - - 2011
Hip arthroscopy is an evolving procedure. One small study suggested that a low modified Harris hip score and arthritis at the time of surgery were predictors of poor prognosis. We therefore intended to confirm those findings with a large patient cohort to (1) determine the long-term nonarthritic hip score; (2) ...
- - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. 641 in vol. 6, PMID: 21556340.].
Sancarlo D - - 2011
Background: The mortality prediction represents a key factor in the managing of elderly hospitalized patients. Since in older subjects mortality results from a combination of biological, functional, nutritional, psychological and environmental factors, a Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) that predict short- and long-term mortality based on a standardized comprehensive geriatric assessment ...
- - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. 1675 in vol. 6, PMID: 21904457.].
Anjos Eloísa Marchi Dos - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to compare changes in lipid metabolism and nutritional status after either 6 and 12 months of follow-up in subjects with lipodystrophy syndrome after traditional lifestyle therapy with or without fibric acid analogue intervention (bezafibrate and clofibrate). Food intake, alterations in body composition and ...
Mosier Michael J MJ Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois 60153, - - 2011
Early nutritional support is an essential component of burn care to prevent ileus, stress ulceration, and the effects of hypermetabolism. The American Burn Association practice guidelines state that enteral feedings should be initiated as soon as practical. The authors sought to evaluate compliance with early enteral nutrition (EN) guidelines, associated ...
Tang Qing-Ya - - 2011
primary intestinal lymphangiectasia (PIL) is a rare digestive disease and few studies have focused on the therapeutic effect in PIL patients. This study was undertaken to evaluate nutrition-oriented intervention in children with PIL. four children with PIL were studied. Their medical records were reviewed. Anthropometric measurements and blood tests were ...
Larson Annalise Noelle - - 2010
Recently, much attention has been focused on the prevention of arthritis after slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Little, however, is published on which subset of SCFE patients eventually require hip replacement, how soon arthroplasty is required, and the long-term outcomes after arthroplasty. A hip registry database at a tertiary referral ...
Lichtenberg Kristen - - 2010
Traditionally, enteral nutrition (EN) goal rates have been calculated based on an intended continuous 24-hour infusion rate. Many factors in the care of critically ill patients result in interruption of EN infusions, often for several hours daily, which may lead to significant underfeeding. The objective of this study was to ...
Leunig Michael - - 2010
There is emerging evidence that even mild slipped capital femoral epiphysis leads to early articular damage. Therefore, we have begun treating patients with mild slips and signs of impingement with in situ pinning and immediate arthroscopic osteoplasty. DESCRIPTION OF TECHNIQUES: Surgery was performed using the fracture table. After in situ ...
Clohisy John C - - 2010
The treatment of end-stage hip disease in very young patients is controversial, with advocates for nonoperative treatment, hip arthrodesis and replacement procedures. The functional improvements in this group of patients are not well documented and whether the condition for which the surgery is performed influences function. We determined whether (1) ...
Rahman Luthfur - - 2010
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty is a common procedure that improves functional scores and has a reported survivorship between 95% and 98% at 5 years. However, most studies are reported from the pioneering rather than independent centers or have relatively small patient numbers or less than five years followup. Various factors have ...
Anderson Lucas A - - 2010
Sequelae of Perthes disease commonly manifests as complex hip pathomorphology including coxa magna, coxa brevis, and acetabular dysplasia. These abnormalities contribute to femoroacetabular impingement and early osteoarthritis. This report describes our experience with correction of the proximal femoral deformity associated with Perthes disease through surgical dislocation, osteochondroplasty (SDO), trochanteric advancement, ...
Amstutz Harlan C - - 2010
There was a need for information about the long-term performance of the modern generation of hip resurfacing implants. A retrospective review of the first 100 hips that had implantation of one resurfacing design and had been followed for a minimum of ten years was performed. Between 1996 and 1998, 100 ...
Thorninger Rikke - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of this study was to document the uF1 + 2 excretion in elderly patients during and after a hip fracture (HF). Methods: The study was a prospective pilot study. Spot urine samples were collected immediately after admission and every morning until surgery. After surgery, urine samples were ...
Haviv Barak - - 2011
Most tears of the Ligamentum Teres (LT) are diagnosed when treating other hip pathologies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of arthroscopic surgery for a unique group of patients with symptomatic isolated Ligamentum Teres rupture of the hip. The study included 29 patients who suffered from ...
Krych Aaron J - - 2011
Using comprehensive gait analysis and strength testing, we previously investigated the early (2-month) functional outcome after THA using two-incision and mini-posterior surgical approaches and found an advantage for the mini-posterior approach. Benefits included improved muscle strength, a less antalgic gait, and better hip function as reflected by changes in hip ...
Bjorgul Kristian - - 2010
Each year millions of patients are treated for joint pain with total joint arthroplasty, and the numbers are expected to rise. Comorbid disease is known to influence the outcome of total joint arthroplasty, and its documentation is therefore of utmost importance in clinical evaluation of the individual patient as well ...
Martin Hal D - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the historical, clinical, and radiographic presentation of deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) patients, describe the endoscopic anatomy associated with DGS, and assess the effectiveness of endoscopic surgical decompression for DGS. Sciatic nerve entrapment was diagnosed in 35 patients (28 women and 7 men). ...
Smith Toby O - - 2010
Hip resurfacing (HRS) procedures have gained increasing popularity for younger, higher-demand patients with degenerative hip pathologies. However, with concerns regarding revision rates and possible adverse metal hypersensitivity reactions with metal-on-metal articulations, some authors have questioned the hypothesized superiority of hip resurfacing over total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this meta-analysis, we ...
Hayes Graham M GM Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
To investigate whether preexisting coxofemoral subluxation/luxation predisposes to postoperative total hip replacement (THR) luxation. Case series. Dogs (n=100) that had cemented THR (n=109); 23 normal controls. A preliminary study was performed to validate our methods of assessing luxation and laxity by comparing dogs with severe hip dysplasia with a control ...
Millar Neal L - - 2010
Advanced osteonecrosis of the femoral head is increasingly treated with uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA), particularly in the younger population. While early outcomes appear promising, little is known about the optimum bearing surface in this patient subpopulation. The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes ...
Jans O - - 2011
Background and Objectives  The optimal transfusion strategy in hip arthroplasty remains controversial despite existing guidelines. The aim of this study was to evaluate the transfusion practice in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) or revision total hip arthroplasty (RTHA) in Denmark. Materials and Methods  We performed a retrospective cohort ...
Bauer T - - 2010
The most feared complication of arthroplasty after septic arthritis (active or quiescent) on a degenerative joint is septic failure, but this risk is difficult to assess. The aim of the present study was to analyze the results of arthroplasties after septic arthritis of native knee and hip joints, in terms ...
Arden N K NK Oxford NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, University of Oxford, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LD, UK. - - 2011
There is an increasing movement to collect and report patient reported outcome measures (PROM's) following total hip replacement (THR). In the UK, the procedure specific PROM of choice is the Oxford Hip Score (OHS). It is currently unclear how to use this information to determine outcome following surgery. The aim ...
Karashima Hirotaka - - 2011
We believe a curved periacetabular osteotomy is indicated for treatment of severe dysplastic hips with center-edge angles less than 0°, classified as Severin Group IV-b. However, the lower limit of the center-edge angle in hips classified as Severin Group IV-b is not clearly defined to determine which patients should receive ...
Park Sangdo - - 2010
Prophylactic pinning of the uninvolved side after unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is controversial. The posterior sloping angle (PSA) has previously been proposed to predict contralateral slip. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the PSA can predict subsequent slip after unilateral SCFE, and if so, whether ...
Wang Yi-sheng - - 2010
Quadratus femoris pedicled bone grafting has yielded satisfactory long-term clinical outcome for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in pre-collapse ONFH without extensive lesion. However, for pre-collapse ONFH with extensive necrotic area, it is still challenging to preserve the femoral head. The current study aimed to introduce a new technique ...
Bolland Benjamin J - - 2010
Despite early recognition and appropriate treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip, there are a number of cases that subsequently require further surgery to prevent progressive dysplasia, instability, and eventual early osteoarthritis. This study aimed (1) to determine the incidence of pelvic osteotomy (PO) after late open (OR) or closed ...
Rydevik Karin - - 2010
Cross-sectional study. To compare functioning and disability in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) not candidates for surgery, to a matched control group, and thereby to examine the relationship between the functioning and disability components used in this study in patients with hip OA. It is well known that patients with ...
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