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Panczykowski David Michael - - 2014
Brain tissue oxygenation (PbtO2) monitoring has been utilized in the severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) population as an in vivo tool to detect oxygenation changes in the acute injury phase. It has been previously reported that the longer a patient experiences a PbtO2 of = 15 torr, the greater the ...
Hawryluk Gregory W J - - 2014
Guidelines for the care of patients with acute spinal cord injuries (SCIs) recommend maintaining MAP values of 85 to 90 mm Hg for 7d following an acute SCI; however, little evidence supports this recommendation (1). We sought to better characterize the relationship between MAP values and neurological recovery. Arterial line ...
Morales Carlos H CH From the Department of Surgery (C.H.M., C.M., L.A.R., M.F.S., A.F.D.) Universidad de Antioauia; and St. Vincent Paul University Hospital (HUSVP) (C.H.M.), Medellin, - - 2014
The study aimed to establish the benefits of using chest tubes with negative pleural suction against trapped water in patients with penetrating or blunt chest trauma who underwent tube thoracostomy, in terms of the incidence of complications, such as persistent air leak, clotted hemothorax, empyema, and duration of stay. Patients ...
Gold Michael H - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Public interest in noninvasive, aesthetic treatments for the rejuvenation of appearance continues to grow. The following prospective, open-label, nonrandomized trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of micro-focused ultrasound with visualization (MFU-V) for achieving lift and tightening of lax skin above the knee. Materials and Methods: ...
El-Hag-Aly Mohammed Ahmed MA Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt - - 2014
Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts are rarely talked about, developing in less than 3% of patients with pulmonary parenchymal injuries. Resolution usually occurs within a few weeks to a few months. A prospective study was undertaken in 21 cases treated in Menoufia University Hospital, Egypt from August 2011 through August 2013. The ...
Minakata Kenji K Kyoto University Graduate School of - - 2014
Background:The aim of this study was to determine the influence of preoperative kidney dysfunction (ie, chronic kidney disease (CKD)) on postoperative cardiovascular events, infection, acute kidney injury and hospital mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods and Results:A multi-institutional retrospective study was performed at 14 hospitals of adult patients undergoing ...
MacKechnie Michael A K MA University of Toronto Orthopedic Sports Medicine, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the available evidence regarding clinical outcomes after open or arthroscopic repair of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in young patients. Medline, PubMed, and Embase were reviewed to find all studies examining full-thickness rotator cuff repairs in patients aged younger ...
Moore Hunter B HB From the Departments of Surgery (H.B.M., E.E.M., E.G., M.P.C., T.L.C., A.B., A.S.) and Pediatrics (C.C.S.), University of Colorado Denver; Department of Surgery (E.E.M.), Denver Health Medical Center; and Bonfils Blood Center (C.C.S.), Denver, - - 2014
Fibrinolysis is a physiologic process maintaining patency of the microvasculature. Maladaptive overactivation of this essential function (hyperfibrinolysis) is proposed as a pathologic mechanism of trauma-induced coagulopathy. Conversely, the shutdown of fibrinolysis has also been observed as a pathologic phenomenon. We hypothesize that there is a level of fibrinolysis between these ...
Más Martínez J J Traumatología Vistahermosa, Clínica Vistahermosa, Alicante, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Femoroacetabular impingement is probably the most common mechanism that leads to the development of early cartilage and labral damage in the non-dysplastic hip. The objective was to evaluate the outcomes of hip arthroscopy as a treatment for femoroacetabular impingement in patients with high level of function. A prospective study was ...
Ho Kwok M KM Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Royal Perth - - 2014
Object The authors assessed the risk factors and outcomes associated with blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in patients with severe, nonpenetrating, traumatic brain injury (TBI) requiring decompressive craniectomy. Methods At 2 major neurotrauma centers in Western Australia, a retrospective cohort study was conducted among 97 adult neurotrauma patients who required an ...
Ploussard Guillaume G Department of Urology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Radiology, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Nuclear Medecine, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Pathology, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
To assess whether a Tisseel® plus FloSeal® combination may safely replace the conventional deep medullary suture without compromising outcomes. Laparoscopic mid-pole and one-third partial nephrectomy was performed on the right kidney of 12 female pigs. The only difference between the two groups was the use of a Tisseel® plus FloSeal® ...
Hand William R WR From the *Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina; †Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC; ‡Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina; and §Department of Public Health Sciences and ‖Division of Transplant Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Hepatic failure pathophysiology and intraoperative events contribute to AKI after OLT. Colloids are routinely used to maintain intravascular volume during OLT. Recent evidence has implicated 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) (130/0.4) with AKI in critically ill patients. We ...
Cho In Gook IG Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, 130 Dongduk-ro, Jung-gu, Daegu, 700-421, Republic of - - 2014
Mandibular angle reduction surgery is widely used for aesthetic purposes. Because inferior alveolar nerve injury is a common complication of this surgery, the anatomical location of this nerve must be known before surgery. This study investigated the relative location of the inferior alveolar nerve in mesofacial and brachyfacial groups. Panoramic ...
Xu Bin B Department of Hand Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
Background In cases of C7-T1 brachial plexus palsy, a reliable method for the reconstruction of the finger and thumb extension was not established until the transfer of the supinator motor branch to the posterior interosseous nerve was proposed. The long-term outcome of this new technique requires evaluation due to the limited ...
Raj Rahul R Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery , Topeliuksenkatu 5 , Helsinki, Finland , 00029 HUS ; - - 2014
The effect of blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) on outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is controversial. We sought to assess the independent effect of positive BAC on long-term outcome in patients with TBI treated in the intensive care unit (ICU). We performed a retrospective analysis of 405 patients with TBI ...
Marty Philippe P From the Département Anesthésie-Réanimation, CHU Toulouse, Université Toulouse III Paul Sabatier, Faculté de Médecine Toulouse-Rangueil, EA 4564-MATN, Institut Louis Bugnard (IFR 150), Toulouse, - - 2014
Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is a cause of morbidity and mortality. Its diagnosis requires better markers than variations in diuresis or postoperative serum creatinine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Doppler renal resistive index for early detection of AKI after hip or knee arthroplasty. ...
Frainey Brendan T BT Division of Urology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Children with occult spinal dysraphism represent a wide spectrum of patients. Previous studies assessing urologic outcomes have in part been deficient due to the inability to appropriately categorize these patients and gather long-term follow-up data. In this study, a uniform set of patients that had occult spinal dysraphism with magnetic ...
Wojtysiak Magdalena M aDepartment of Pathophysiology of Locomotor Organs, University of Medical Sciences in Poznań, Poland bDepartment of Neurosurgery, University of Medical Sciences in Poznań, - - 2014
Study Design. The application of complex neurophysiological examination including motor evoked potentials (MEP) for pre- and postoperative evaluation of patients suffering from acute sciatica.Objective. The assessment of sensitivity and specificity of needle electromyography (EMG), MEP and H-reflex examinations. The comparative analysis of preoperative and postoperative neurophysiological examination.Summary and Background Data. ...
Whelan Daniel B DB Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, c/o St Michael's Orthopaedic Associates, 55 Queen Street E, Suite 800, Toronto, ON, M5C 1R6, Canada, - - 2014
Results of treatment for acute knee dislocations and multiligament knee injuries may be influenced by a multitude of patient- and injury-related factors, including neurologic function, vascular status, ipsilateral fractures, and joint stability. The development of heterotopic ossification (HO) may nullify any benefits of reconstruction, because it can cause stiffness and ...
Fu Ying Y Department of Neurology, Key Laboratory of Neurorepair and Regeneration, Tianjin and Ministry of Education, Tianjin Neurological Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, - - 2014
Pronounced inflammatory reactions occurring shortly after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) contribute to the formation and progression of perihematomal edema (PHE) and secondary brain injury. We hypothesized that modulation of brain inflammation reduces edema, thus improving clinical outcomes in patients with ICH. To investigate whether oral administration of fingolimod, a Food and ...
Kaniki Nicole N Faculty of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture. This was a comparative study that included a prospective cohort and a historical control group. The control group was formed from a randomized trial in which one ...
Shields Beth A BA San Antonio Military Medical Center, Ft. Sam Houston, TX, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Severe weight loss resulting from inadequate nutritional intake along with the hypermetabolism after thermal injury can result in impaired immune function and delayed wound healing. This observational study was conducted on adults admitted between October 2007 and April 2012 with at least 20% total body surface area burn requiring excision ...
Leroux Timothy T Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada. E-mail address for T. Leroux: - - 2014
Reoperation rates following open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of midshaft clavicle fractures have been described, but reported rates of nonunion, malunion, infection, and implant removal have varied. We sought to establish baseline rates of, and risk factors for, reoperations following clavicle ORIF in a large population cohort.METHODS: Administrative databases ...
Robertson Claudia S CS Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
There is limited information about the effect of erythropoietin or a high hemoglobin transfusion threshold after a traumatic brain injury. To compare the effects of erythropoietin and 2 hemoglobin transfusion thresholds (7 and 10 g/dL) on neurological recovery after traumatic brain injury. Randomized clinical trial of 200 patients (erythropoietin, n = 102; ...
Bible Letitia E LE From the Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New - - 2014
Bone marrow (BM) dysfunction is common in severely injured trauma patients, resulting from elevated catecholamines and plasma granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as well as prolonged mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). We have previously shown that propranolol (β-blocker [BB]) reduces HPC mobilization in a rodent model of injury and hemorrhagic ...
Caruso Joseph D JD From the Department of Surgery (J.D.C., E.A.E., C.J.R.), Walter Reed National Military Medical Center; and Department of Surgery (E.A.E., C.J.R.), Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda; and Department of Regenerative Medicine (J.D.C., E.A.E.), Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, - - 2014
Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) decreases the amount of systemic opioid required for adequate analgesia and decreases the rate of opioid-induced adverse effects. Given the location of catheters required to deliver analgesics and the potential for epidural hematoma, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine recommends modification of the ...
Rahimi-Movaghar Vafa V Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Sina Hospital, Hassan-Abad Square, Imam Khomeini Ave, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 11365-3876, Iran. Tel. +98 (915) 3422682 / +98 (216) 6757010. Fax. +98 (216) 6757009. E-mail: v_rahimi@sina.tums.ac.ir / - - 2014
To assess the efficacy of surgical decompression <24 (early) versus 24-72 hours (late) in thoracic/thoracolumbar traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). A randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 35 T1-L1 TSCI patients including early (n=16) and late (n=19) surgical decompression was conducted in the neurosurgery department of Shahid Rajaee Hospital from September ...
Lübbeke A A Geneva University Hospitals, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, Geneva, CH-1211, - - 2014
Large-head metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacements (THR) have given rise to concern. Comparative studies of small-head MoM THRs over a longer follow-up period are lacking. Our objective was to compare the incidence of complications such as infection, dislocation, revision, adverse local tissue reactions, mortality and radiological and clinical outcomes in ...
Schroeppel Thomas J TJ Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, - - 2014
The 80-hour week was implemented in 2003 to improve outcomes and limit errors. We hypothesize that there has been no change in outcomes postimplementation of the restrictions. Outcomes were queried from the trauma registry from 1997 to 2002 (PRE) and 2004 to 2009 (POST). Primary outcomes were mortality, intensive care ...
Greenberg Elliot M EM Sports Medicine and Performance Center at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
In the skeletally immature population, the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and ACL reconstructions appears to be increasing. Differences in surgical techniques, physiology, and emotional maturity may alter the rehabilitation progression and impact the outcomes when compared with adults. Reports of objective strength recovery and performance-based outcome measures ...
Sherren P B PB Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Royal London Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypothermia, acidaemia and coagulopathy in trauma is associated with significant mortality. This study aimed to identify the incidence of the lethal triad in major burns, and describe demographics and outcomes. Patients admitted during a 71 month period with a total body surface area burn (TBSA)≥30% were identified. A structured review ...
Li Yue Y Sports Medicine Service, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, - - 2014
Recently, increasing number of literature has identified the posterior tibial slope (PTS) as one of the risk factors of primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, few studies concerning the association between failure of ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and PTS have been published. The objective of this study was to explore ...
Murray Nick N 1School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia 2School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia 3Athlete Health and Performance Research Centre, ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, - - 2014
Professional rugby league competition does not coincide with a standardized amount of recovery between matches; matches can be separated by as many as 10 days and as few as 5 days. These variations in recovery time could influence the match activity profiles and injury rates of players. This study investigated ...
Suh Chong Hyun CH Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 86 Asanbyeongwon-Gil, Songpa-Gu, Seoul 138-736, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the overall and cumulative incidence, degree, interval change, and predictors of hepatic arterial injury (HAI) after cisplatin and gelfoam-based, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) Methods: A total of 205 HCC patients who underwent three or more sessions of TACE without additional surgical or local ...
Douglas Helen E HE Pinderfields Hospital, Aberford Road, Wakefield WF1 4DG, England, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many different burns mortality prediction models exist; however most agree that important factors that can be weighted include the age of the patient, the total percentage of body surface area burned and the presence or absence of smoke inhalation. A retrospective review of all burns primarily admitted to Pinderfields Burns ...
Bauman William A - - 2014
Objective To determine whether favorable changes to lean tissue mass (LTM), resting energy expenditure (REE), and testosterone (T) that occurred with 12 months of physiological testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) were retained 6 months after discontinuing treatment. Design Prospective, open-label, controlled drug intervention trial. Setting Metropolitan area hospitals. Subjects Eugonadal (n = 11) ...
Kamiya Koshiro K Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-Ku, Chiba, 2608670, - - 2014
We performed a phase I/IIa clinical trial and confirmed the safety and feasibility of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as neuroprotective therapy in patients with acute spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcome in SCI patients treated with G-CSF and compared these results to a ...
Tausch Timothy J TJ Department of Urology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
We evaluated the clinical course of PFUI patients referred to our institution in an attempt to elucidate the differences between initial management strategies. We retrospectively reviewed our IRB-approved, prospectively maintained urethroplasty database from 2007-2013. Patients with PFUI were stratified into two groups based on initial treatment prior to referral-group 1 ...
Xin Jingwei J Department of Thyroid Surgery, Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Surgical Translational Medicine, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Jilin Province, Changchun, - - 2014
A retrospective cohort study to develop a classification scheme for abnormal vocal cord movement (AVCM) before and after thyroid surgery. Clinical and laryngoscopic data from patients who underwent partial or total thyroidectomy were analysed. AVCM was classified as mild (type I), moderate (type II) or severe (type III), according to ...
Kong Victor Y VY Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Department of Surgery, University of KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg 3216, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Routine chest radiography (CXR) following tube thoracostomy (TT) is a standard practice in most trauma centres worldwide. Evidence supporting this routine practice is lacking and the actual yield is unknown. We performed a retrospective review of 1042 patients over a 4-year period who had a routine post-insertion CXR performed in ...
Pang Ching Ling CL Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) is associated with high mortality and long-term dependence on RRT. However, there is limited information about the difference in outcome between patients who develop AKI in the community (c-AKI), and those who develop AKI in hospital (h-AKI). Identify differences in short- ...
Mitra Biswadev B 1Emergency & Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne Australia 2 Pre-hospital, Emergency & Trauma Group, Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia 3National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia 4 Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia 5 Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland 6 Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Monash University, Melbourne Australia 7 Emergency Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, - - 2014
Resuscitation of patients presenting with haemorrhagic shock after major trauma has evolved to incorporate multiple strategies to maintain tissue perfusion and oxygenation while managing coagulation disorders. We aimed to study changes over time in long-term outcomes in patients with major trauma. A retrospective observational study in a single major trauma ...
Schmidt Matthieu M Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 6. The Alfred Centre, Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia, - - 2014
To assess the relationship between early daily fluid balance (FB) and 90-day outcome in adult patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Retrospective observational study. Tertiary referral centre for ECMO. 115 patients treated with ECMO for refractory heart failure and 57 patients treated with ECMO for refractory respiratory failure. We ...
Karam Youssef Y Neurochirurgien et chirurgien de la colonne, Hôpital de Hull, CSSSG 116, Boulevard Lionel-Émond, Gatineau (Québec) J8Y 1W7, - - 2014
To identify risk factors that predispose to post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS) and describe the outcome of surgical management. Retrospective cohort study of 27 patients with post-traumatic syringomyelia. Spinal cord injury of these patients spanned the period from 1963 to 2008. All data were collected retrospectively using available medical records and radiological ...
Parchani Ashok A Department of Surgery, Trauma surgery Section, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar; Weill Cornell Medical College, Doha, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is difficult to estimate the real incidence of traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (TSAH). Despite the fact that TSAH following trauma is associated with poor prognoses, the impact of mechanism of injury and the pathophysiology remains unknown.. We ...
Hu Alaine J AJ Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, 2150 Georgetown Rd, Lexington, KY - - 2014
Objective-To assess postoperative probability of racing, career longevity, and convalescent time in Thoroughbred racehorses with moderate to severe superficial digital flexor tendonitis (SDFT) in the forelimbs treated by desmotomy of the accessory ligament of the superficial digital flexor tendon (ie, superior check ligament desmotomy [SCLD]). Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-332 Thoroughbred ...
Aunan Eirik E Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sykehuset Innlandet, Lillehammer, Norway, - - 2014
To find out if there is an association between ligament laxity measured intraoperatively and functional outcome 1 year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Medial and lateral ligament laxities were measured intraoperatively in extension and in 90° of flexion in 108 patients [122 knees; median age 70 (range 42-83) years]. Mechanical axes were ...
Liss Michael M UC San Diego, Urology, San Diego, California, United States ; - - 2014
Purpose: Permanent and prolonged incontinence following RARP is known to result from injury to the external sphincter. We hypothesize that pre-existing detrusor over-activity may also contribute to delayed return of continence (>3 months). This pilot study examines the safety profile and efficacy of muscarinic receptor antagonist, Solifenacin, in incontinent men ...
Velescu Alina A Servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, España; Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective is to study the medium-term results of angioplasty and stenting in the femoro-popliteal sector in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), and identify angiographic predictive factors of primary patency. Retrospective review of 98 patients with critical ischemia and angiographic lesions characterized as TASC A=13 (14%), B=38 (40%), C=24 ...
Nachtigall Irit - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 7% of hospitalized and 66% of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. It increases mortality, hospital length of stay, and costs. The aim of this study was to investigate, whether there is an association between adherence to guidelines (standard operating procedures (SOP)) for potentially nephrotoxic ...
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