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Shalchi Z Z Department of Ophthalmology, Queen Mary's Hospital, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
This review aims to assess the efficacy and safety of epithelial removal (ER) and transepithelial (TE) corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for the treatment of keratoconus. We used MEDLINE to identify all ER and TE CXL studies on keratoconic eyes (n≥20, follow-up ≥12 months). Ex vivo and studies for non-keratoconus indications ...
Kanamori Karina S KS Division of Vascular and Endovascular - - 2014
Outcomes of reinterventions for failing mesenteric open reconstructions (ORs) have not been described. Mesenteric reoperative ORs (R-ORs) are challenging because of excessive scar and more advanced mesenteric disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of R-ORs and endovascular revascularization (ER) in patients with stenosis or occlusion of ...
Di Marco Luigi Yuri LY Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Centre for Computational Imaging and Simulation Technologies in Biomedicine (CISTIB), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Non-invasive tools to help identify patients likely to benefit from catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) would facilitate personalised treatment planning. To investigate atrial waveform organisation through recurrence plot indices (RPI) and their ability to predict CA outcome. One minute 12-lead ECG was recorded before CA from 62 patients ...
Tunar Ogul L OL Yeditepe University , Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, Istanbul, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effects of Er:YAG laser and an in-office desensitizing paste alone or in combination by using scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis. Background data: Various treatment modalities have been proposed for dentin hypersensitivity, but to date, no single agent ...
De Seta F F Institute for Maternal and Child Health-IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", University of Trieste, 34137 Trieste, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recurrence is a frequent complaint of patients with vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). Although the pathogenesis of VVC remains a controversial issue, disruption of the balance between the vaginal microbiota may facilitate overgrowth by Candida. Some probiotic bacterial strains can suppress Candida albicans; Lactobacillus plantarum P17630 is able to attach to vaginal ...
Wang Wei W From the Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Masseter-to-facial nerve transfer is a new procedure for patients who acquire a proximal injury to the facial nerve. This article reports that this procedure is effective and associated with minimal morbidities. From November 2010 to February 2013, 16 patients underwent a masseter-to-facial nerve transfer. Their denervation periods varied from 2 ...
Hagag Philippe - - 2014
To compare the combination spironolactone-norgestimate-ethinyl estradiol in hirsutism with other protocols including the same dose of estrogen. In this open prospective study, 167 women with hirsutism due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were randomly assigned to the following treatment protocols: Group A (n = 72): spironolactone 100 mg-norgestimate 250 mcg-ethinyl ...
Jayaram Anupam A *Department of Ophthalmology and †Department of Radiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical course of radiologically diagnosed orbital cavernous hemangiomas in the setting of presumed changes in estrogen/progesterone levels. An institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort chart review of patients from January 1, 1983, to January 1, 2013, was undertaken searching both outpatient ophthalmology diagnoses and radiologic diagnoses, identifying 32 ...
Talukdar S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rotunda Hospital, Parnell Street, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
This is a retrospective review of the Rotunda Hospital Emergency Room (ER) documentation with respect to attendances for a 4-month period (August-November) in both 2009 and 2012. The aim was to quantify the workload and assess the quality of care offered to patients attending the ER over the two time ...
Aboulfetouh Islam I Department of Neurosurgery Faculty of medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt, - - 2014
The study included 11 patients; seven males and four females with mean age of 68.3 ±11 years. All patients had sciatic nerve entrapment: three had a penetrating injury, three suffered postoperative trauma, two had a crush injury, two had inadvertent injections and one was trapped in a machine belt. Clinical examination included: ...
Massaro Allie M AM Department of Neurology, Perelman School of Medicine and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3 West Gates Building, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with a hypercoagulable state, the mechanism and duration of which remain unclear. We sought to determine whether thromboelastography (TEG) analysis could identify the hypercoagulable state after TBI, as defined by elevations in maximal amplitude (MA), thrombus generation (TG), G value (G), and alpha angle ...
Albuquerque Polianna L M M PL Toxicological Assistance Center, Instituto Dr. José Frota. Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil; Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará. Fortaleza, Ceará, - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in cases of envenomation by venomous snakes. The present study was carried out to investigate the clinical and laboratory manifestations in accidents with venomous snakes and the risk factors associated with AKI in these accidents. A ...
Moore-Reed Stephanie D SD Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fresno, California, - - 2014
To use the clinical prediction rule process to identify patient variables, measured on initial clinical presentation, that would be predictive of failure to achieve satisfactory improvement, while following a rehabilitation program, in the modification of SLAP injury symptoms and dysfunction. A cohort of patients received the clinical diagnosis of a ...
Kaya Mitsunori M Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between ligamentum teres injury and the hip joint cartilage damage pattern in patients with femoroacetabular impingement. We compared articular cartilage damage between ligamentum teres-intact and-ruptured hips. Data were collected for 77 consecutive patients with femoroacetabular impingement who underwent hip arthroscopy. ...
Oh Hyung - - 2014
IntroductionContinuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has been widely used in critically ill acute kidney injury (AKI) patients. Moreover, some centers operate a specialized CRRT team (SCT) composed of physicians and nurses, but few studies have yet determined the superiority of SCT control.MethodsA total of 334 among 534 patients in the ...
Abaci Okay O Department of Cardiology, Istanbul University Cardiology Institute, Istanbul, Turkey - - 2014
Contrast medium-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is associated with morbidity and mortality, but the long-term outcomes of patients who do not develop CI-AKI remain unknown. We assessed clinical end points during long-term follow-up in patients at high risk for nephropathy who did not develop CI-AKI. Patients (n = 135) with ...
Beutel Bryan G BG NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 301 East 17th Street, Suite 1402, New York, NY, 10003, USA, - - 2014
Given the potential for injury due to joint-distraction techniques during hip arthroscopy, this study investigated the outcomes and safety of traction during hip arthroscopy in a series of patients with a prior lower-extremity arthroplasty. Nine patients with a prior hip or knee arthroplasty (Group 1) and a matched cohort of ...
Bogunovic Ljiljana L Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, One Barnes-Jewish Plaza, Suite 11300, West Pavilion, Campus Box 8233, St. Louis, MO 63110. E-mail address for L. Bogunovic: bogunovicl@wudosis.wustl.edu. E-mail address for L.M. Kruse: krusel@wudosis.wustl.edu. E-mail address for A.K. Haas: haasa@wudosis.wustl.edu. E-mail address for L.J. Huston: Laura.huston@vanderbilt.edu. E-mail address for R.W. Wright: - - 2014
Meniscal repair and preservation are the goal, when possible, of the treatment of meniscal injury. Current research on second-generation all-inside repair systems has been limited to a maximum of three years of follow-up. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mid-term clinical success (at more than five years) ...
Grindem Hege H Norwegian Research Center for Active Rehabilitation, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, P.O. Box 4014, Ullevål Stadion, 0806 Oslo, Norway. E-mail address for H. Grindem: - - 2014
While there are many opinions about the expected knee function, sports participation, and risk of knee reinjury following nonsurgical treatment of injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), there is a lack of knowledge about the clinical course following nonsurgical treatment compared with that after surgical treatment. This prospective cohort ...
Vainrib Michael M Department of Urology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Urology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of repeat bladder neck incision (BNI), with or without external sphincterotomy (ES). BNI/ES has been commonly used for management of neurogenic bladder in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. This was a retrospective review of institutional review board-approved SCI database. A total of 97 patients underwent BNI/ES ...
Govednik Cara M CM Scott and White Memorial Hospital, Temple, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
The desire to improve cosmesis has driven the introduction of robotic-assisted and video-assisted thyroidectomy techniques. We report on minimally invasive thyroidectomy (MIT) through a 2-cm incision without the added need for video assistance and hypothesize similar clinical results to standard open thyroidectomy. Between May 2012 and December 2013, 62 nonendoscopic MIT ...
Schnetzke Marc M Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik Ludwigshafen, Abteilung für Unfallchirurgie und Orthopädie, Ludwig Guttmann Strasse 13, 67071, Ludwigshafen on the Rhine, - - 2014
Elbow dislocations with complex elbow instability (CEI) and unstable radial head fractures require reconstruction by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) if possible or alternatively by a radial head prosthesis. The aim of this study was to determine the differential outcome of both strategies and to investigate the contribution of ...
Morales Carlos H CH From the Department of Surgery (C.H.M., C.M., L.A.R., M.F.S., A.F.D.) Universidad de Antioauia; and St. Vincent Paul University Hospital (HUSVP) (C.H.M.), Medellin, - - 2014
The study aimed to establish the benefits of using chest tubes with negative pleural suction against trapped water in patients with penetrating or blunt chest trauma who underwent tube thoracostomy, in terms of the incidence of complications, such as persistent air leak, clotted hemothorax, empyema, and duration of stay. Patients ...
Castle S M SM The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, - - 2014
Prospective case series. Male infertility is a common sequela of spinal cord injury (SCI). Fatherhood is a goal in this group of young patients; however, most are anejaculatory. Penile vibratory stimulation is recommended as the first line of treatment for this condition. Our study evaluated the safety and efficacy of ...
Siebold Rainer R Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology, Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2014
Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is a well-established treatment option in recurrent patella dislocation. The combination with associated retropatellar cartilage lesions are severe injuries and very difficult to treat. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our clinical results of MPFL reconstruction and autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). Thirteen patients ...
Lee P T H PT Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust. Whitechapel Rd, London, E1 1BB, - - 2014
Revision total hip replacement (THR) for young patients is challenging because of technical complexity and the potential need for subsequent further revisions. We have assessed the survivorship, functional outcome and complications of this procedure in patients aged < 50 years through a large longitudinal series with consistent treatment algorithms. Of 132 consecutive patients ...
McGhee Laura L LL U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3698 Chambers Pass, Building 3611, Fort Sam Houston, TX - - 2014
Patients with severe burns typically undergo multiple surgeries, and ketamine is often used as part of the multimodal anesthetic regimen during such surgeries. The anesthetic ketamine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist that also provides analgesia at subanesthetic doses, but the psychoactive side effects of ketamine have caused concern about its ...
Bradley Matthew M University of Maryland Medical System/R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Although the use of damage control laparotomy (DCL) is well established, the effect of damage control resuscitation (DCR) on the management of open abdomens is relatively poorly studied. The aim of the present study was to determine the predictors for failure to achieve primary fascial closure (PFC) after DCL in ...
Mau Heather H University of California - Riverside, Riverside, CA, - - 2014
Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) are common in sports medicine and can result in a high rate of re-injury and chronic ankle instability (CAI). Recent evidence supports the use on mobilizations directed at the ankle in patients who have suffered a LAS. The Mulligan Concept of Mobilization-with-Movement (MWM) provides an intervention ...
Dwyer A J AJ Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Yeovil District Hospital, Somerset, United - - 2014
PURPOSE. To compare the length of hospital stay in patients undergoing primary total knee replacement (TKR) with or without enhanced recovery (ER) programme. METHODS. Medical records of 57 and 55 consecutive patients who underwent primary TKR with or without ER programme, respectively, were reviewed. 17 men and 40 women aged ...
Taniyama Takashi T 1Department of Orthopaedic and Spinal Surgery, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan 2Section of Regenerative Therapeutics for Spine and Spinal Cord, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan 3Global Center of Excellence (GCOE) Program for International Research Center for Molecular Science in Tooth and Bone Disease, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan 4Division of Oral Biology and Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA *T.T. and T.H. contribute to this work - - 2014
Study Design. Retrospective single-center study.Objectives. To investigate whether a preoperative index predicts clinical outcome after laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).Summary of Background Data. This is the first study using the modified K-line, which connects the midpoints of the spinal cord at the C2 and C7 levels on mid-sagittal magnetic ...
Gauffin Håkan H Orthopaedic Department, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is no evidence that a knee arthroscopy is more beneficial to middle-aged patients with meniscal symptoms compared to other treatments. This randomised controlled trial aimed to determine whether an arthroscopic intervention combined with a structured exercise programme would provide more benefit than a structured exercise programme alone for middle-aged ...
Gold Michael H - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Public interest in noninvasive, aesthetic treatments for the rejuvenation of appearance continues to grow. The following prospective, open-label, nonrandomized trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of micro-focused ultrasound with visualization (MFU-V) for achieving lift and tightening of lax skin above the knee. Materials and Methods: ...
McBride Cameron L CL Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, and Memorial Hermann Heart & Vascular Institute, Houston, - - 2014
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is widely used for treatment of traumatic aortic injury (TAI). Stent graft coverage of the left subclavian artery (LSA) may be required in up to 40% of patients. We evaluated the long-term effects of intentional LSA coverage (LSAC) on symptoms and return to normal activity ...
El-Hag-Aly Mohammed Ahmed MA Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt - - 2014
Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts are rarely talked about, developing in less than 3% of patients with pulmonary parenchymal injuries. Resolution usually occurs within a few weeks to a few months. A prospective study was undertaken in 21 cases treated in Menoufia University Hospital, Egypt from August 2011 through August 2013. The ...
Minakata Kenji K Kyoto University Graduate School of - - 2014
Background:The aim of this study was to determine the influence of preoperative kidney dysfunction (ie, chronic kidney disease (CKD)) on postoperative cardiovascular events, infection, acute kidney injury and hospital mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods and Results:A multi-institutional retrospective study was performed at 14 hospitals of adult patients undergoing ...
MacKechnie Michael A K MA University of Toronto Orthopedic Sports Medicine, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the available evidence regarding clinical outcomes after open or arthroscopic repair of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in young patients. Medline, PubMed, and Embase were reviewed to find all studies examining full-thickness rotator cuff repairs in patients aged younger ...
Friedman Michael V MV Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 510 S. Kingshighway Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63110. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe a new complication and retrospectively identify the incidence and risk factors for hip chondrolysis and femoral head osteonecrosis associated with percutaneous cryoablation of periacetabular malignancies. In this retrospective study, 45 patients with a total of 113 musculoskeletal lesions were treated by percutaneous image-guided cryoablation between May 2008 and ...
Moore Hunter B HB From the Departments of Surgery (H.B.M., E.E.M., E.G., M.P.C., T.L.C., A.B., A.S.) and Pediatrics (C.C.S.), University of Colorado Denver; Department of Surgery (E.E.M.), Denver Health Medical Center; and Bonfils Blood Center (C.C.S.), Denver, - - 2014
Fibrinolysis is a physiologic process maintaining patency of the microvasculature. Maladaptive overactivation of this essential function (hyperfibrinolysis) is proposed as a pathologic mechanism of trauma-induced coagulopathy. Conversely, the shutdown of fibrinolysis has also been observed as a pathologic phenomenon. We hypothesize that there is a level of fibrinolysis between these ...
Más Martínez J J Traumatología Vistahermosa, Clínica Vistahermosa, Alicante, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Femoroacetabular impingement is probably the most common mechanism that leads to the development of early cartilage and labral damage in the non-dysplastic hip. The objective was to evaluate the outcomes of hip arthroscopy as a treatment for femoroacetabular impingement in patients with high level of function. A prospective study was ...
Ho Kwok M KM Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Royal Perth - - 2014
Object The authors assessed the risk factors and outcomes associated with blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in patients with severe, nonpenetrating, traumatic brain injury (TBI) requiring decompressive craniectomy. Methods At 2 major neurotrauma centers in Western Australia, a retrospective cohort study was conducted among 97 adult neurotrauma patients who required an ...
Ploussard Guillaume G Department of Urology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Radiology, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Nuclear Medecine, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Pathology, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
To assess whether a Tisseel® plus FloSeal® combination may safely replace the conventional deep medullary suture without compromising outcomes. Laparoscopic mid-pole and one-third partial nephrectomy was performed on the right kidney of 12 female pigs. The only difference between the two groups was the use of a Tisseel® plus FloSeal® ...
Hand William R WR From the *Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina; †Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC; ‡Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina; and §Department of Public Health Sciences and ‖Division of Transplant Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Hepatic failure pathophysiology and intraoperative events contribute to AKI after OLT. Colloids are routinely used to maintain intravascular volume during OLT. Recent evidence has implicated 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) (130/0.4) with AKI in critically ill patients. We ...
Cho In Gook IG Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, 130 Dongduk-ro, Jung-gu, Daegu, 700-421, Republic of - - 2014
Mandibular angle reduction surgery is widely used for aesthetic purposes. Because inferior alveolar nerve injury is a common complication of this surgery, the anatomical location of this nerve must be known before surgery. This study investigated the relative location of the inferior alveolar nerve in mesofacial and brachyfacial groups. Panoramic ...
Pasquier Mathieu M Emergency Service, Lausanne University Hospital, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland; Air-Glaciers SA et GRIMM, Maison FXB du Sauvetage, 1950 Sion, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Crevasse accidents can lead to severe injuries and even death, but little is known about their epidemiology and mortality. We retrospectively reviewed helicopter-based emergency services rescue missions for crevasse victims in Switzerland between 2000 and 2010. Demographic and epidemiological data were collected. Injury severity was graded according to the National ...
Xu Bin B Department of Hand Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
Background In cases of C7-T1 brachial plexus palsy, a reliable method for the reconstruction of the finger and thumb extension was not established until the transfer of the supinator motor branch to the posterior interosseous nerve was proposed. The long-term outcome of this new technique requires evaluation due to the limited ...
Yuan Qiang Q Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of low-dose recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) (20 μg/kg) in reversing coagulopathy in patients with isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients with isolated TBI and coagulopathy at admission were enrolled prospectively from January 2010 to December 2011. The patients were divided ...
Raj Rahul R Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery , Topeliuksenkatu 5 , Helsinki, Finland , 00029 HUS ; - - 2014
The effect of blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) on outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is controversial. We sought to assess the independent effect of positive BAC on long-term outcome in patients with TBI treated in the intensive care unit (ICU). We performed a retrospective analysis of 405 patients with TBI ...
Marty Philippe P From the Département Anesthésie-Réanimation, CHU Toulouse, Université Toulouse III Paul Sabatier, Faculté de Médecine Toulouse-Rangueil, EA 4564-MATN, Institut Louis Bugnard (IFR 150), Toulouse, - - 2014
Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is a cause of morbidity and mortality. Its diagnosis requires better markers than variations in diuresis or postoperative serum creatinine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Doppler renal resistive index for early detection of AKI after hip or knee arthroplasty. ...
Frainey Brendan T BT Division of Urology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Children with occult spinal dysraphism represent a wide spectrum of patients. Previous studies assessing urologic outcomes have in part been deficient due to the inability to appropriately categorize these patients and gather long-term follow-up data. In this study, a uniform set of patients that had occult spinal dysraphism with magnetic ...
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