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Results 401 - 450 of 2755
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Barbanti Marco - - 2013
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) can be associated with varying degrees of new renal impairment. The aim of this multicentre analysis was to determine the impact and predictors of periprocedural acute kidney injury (AKI) on prognosis after TAVI. Methods and results: From the ClinicalService® (a nation-based data repository and ...
Geng Guiqi - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of preloading the epidural space with normal saline (NS) on the incidence of complications of epidural catheter placement and spinal anesthesia for cesarean section. Two hundred and ninety parturients at full term, who were scheduled for cesarean section under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia were randomly divided into ...
Shen Yaxing Y Division of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Postoperative chylothorax is a rare, but potentially fatal complication after esophagectomy. Preventive measures aimed at decreasing the incidence of chyle leakage after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) could potentially reduce the high postoperative mortality associated with this complication. However, previous techniques are traumatic and time consuming. We present a simple method ...
Gu Yong - - 2013
No reports to date have accurately evaluated the management for acute spinal cord injury (SCI) caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) after minor trauma. To assess whether outcomes of laminoplasty is better than conservative treatment. A retrospective study. Thirty-one patients underwent surgery (L group) and 29 patients ...
Noaman Hassan Hamdy - - 2013
Children who had internal rotation contracture deformities of the shoulder secondary to obstetric brachial plexus palsy were studied. The outcomes of anterior shoulder release and tendon transfer in 1-stage procedure were analyzed. Anterior shoulder release and tendon transfer in 2 separate incisions as 1 procedure were performed in 76 patients ...
Craxford S - - 2013
As part of a wider drive to reduce Clostridium difficile rates (CDAD), our trust switched from cefuroxime to gentamicin and flucloxacillin prophylaxis for joint replacement surgery. Anecdotal evidence suggested that we were seeing an increased incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) following elective total hip replacement (THR) and total knee ...
Johnson R K - - 2013
"Acute tubular necrosis (ATN)-like" changes in type I acute antibody- mediated rejection (AAMR) have been proposed since 2005, but the presence of "ATN-like" injury in AAMR has not well been established. The aim of this study was to confirm the presence of acute tubular injury in type I AAMR, using ...
de Valk Eduard J - - 2013
The aim of this systematic review was to determine which patient determinants and injury factors, before anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by arthroscopic single-bundle techniques, affect postoperative rehabilitation. A search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Clinical Trials was performed up to February 2013. After application of our inclusion ...
Shao Anwen - - 2013
Malignant cerebral artery infarction is one kind of ischemic stroke with high mortality. The aim of this study was to analyze comparatively the preoperative and postoperative clinical data as well as the prognostic factors in these patients who underwent improved decompressive craniectomy or routine decompressive craniectomy. A total of 131 ...
Watanabe Shobu - - 2013
In a rabbit model of bleomycin-induced lung injury, computed tomography (CT) and pathological studies were conducted to investigate whether the progression of this injury is inhibited by pirfenidone and by triple therapy with pirfenidone, edaravone and erythropoietin. We divided nine rabbits with bleomycin-induced lung injury into three equally sized groups. ...
Meirelles Rafael Panisi de Campos - - 2013
To describe an experimental model of cutaneous radiation injury in rabbits. On this study eight six-month-old New Zealand male rabbits, with an average weight of 2.5kg were used. They were distributed in four groups (n=2 per group). The control group did not receive radiotherapy and the others received one radiotherapy ...
Stan G - - 2013
Introduction: The aim of this study is to assess the changesinduced by the unilateral total knee arthroplasty procedurein human postural control.Materials and methods: The measurements were performedusing the ”AMTI AccuGait” force plate. Subjects completedthree consecutive double-limb standing balance trials. Themediolateral and anteroposterior displacements were derivedfrom the force and moment profiles ...
Lim Kyung Seob KS Korea Cardiovascular Stent Institute, Jangseong, Korea. ; Heart Research Center Nominated by Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare, Gwangju, Korea. ; Cardiovascular Research Center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the histolopathogical effects among the biolimus, zotarolimus, and everolimus eluting stent (EES) in the porcine coronary restenosis model. Pigs were randomized into three groups in which the coronary arteries (15 pigs, 10 coronaries in each group) had either a biolimus A9 eluting ...
Chen Po-Han - - 2013
Background: Unstable posterior ring injuries of the pelvis are a challenge to pelvic surgeons, and their treatment has been controversial. The functional outcomes of such injuries following either percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation or conservative treatment remain to be elucidated. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 32 consecutive patients with ...
Winterstein Andrew P AP University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, - - 2013
Knee injury among young, active female patients remains a public health issue. Clinicians are called upon to pay greater attention to patient-oriented outcomes to evaluate the impact of these injuries. Little agreement exists on which outcome measures are best, and clinicians cite several barriers to their use. Single Assessment Numerical ...
Aydogmus Meltem Turkay MT Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2013
Laryngeal mask airway (LMA), which has been used frequently in airway management, can cause laryngopharyngeal injury and morbidity. In this trial, we compare the macroscopic changes on laryngopharyngeal structures and the postoperative laryngopharyngeal morbidity by using LMA supreme with LMA proseal in children. We divided patients into two groups. We ...
Fox Nicole N From the Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care (N.F., S.E.R., M.L., M.J.S.), Department of Surgery (M.C.), Cooper University Hospital, Camden, New - - 2013
The impact of initial clinical decisions on the long-term quality of life and functional outcome of patients who undergo damage-control laparotomy (DCL) is unknown. We hypothesized that early abdominal closure after DCL improves long-term outcomes. Patients (2005-2011) who underwent DCL (n = 140) at our Level I trauma center were ...
Yeo Sang Seok SS Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daemyungdong, Namku, Taegu, - - 2013
Knowledge about recovery of an injured fornix following brain injury is limited. We describe here a patient who showed recovery of an injured fornix following stroke. A 57-year-old female patient underwent coiling for a ruptured anterior communicating cerebral artery aneurysm, and conservative management for subarachnoid and intraventricular haemorrhage. The patient ...
Raja Shahzad G SG Department of Cardiac Surgery, Harefield Hospital, London, - - 2013
The choice of the graft conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has significant implications both in the short- and long-term. The patency of a coronary conduit is closely associated with an uneventful postoperative course, better long-term patient survival and superior freedom from re-intervention. The internal mammary artery is regarded ...
Arendt Elizabeth A - - 2013
To alert the treating clinician to an uncommon knee meniscal condition that often masquerades as a more common patella condition. Retrospective chart review of a series of cases was undertaken. A series of 12 knees in 11 patients were referred to an orthopaedic surgeon with a diagnosis of recurrent lateral ...
Bailey Chris S - - 2013
Thoracolumbar burst fractures have good outcomes when treated with early ambulation and an orthosis (TLSO). If equally good outcomes could be achieved with early ambulation and no brace, resource utilization would be decreased, especially in developing countries where prolonged bed rest is the default option because bracing is not available ...
Ford Sharon L - - 2013
A predictive histologic classification recently was proposed to determine the prognostic value of kidney biopsy in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated renal vasculitis (AAV). A dual-purpose retrospective observational cohort study to assess the reproducibility of the new classification and clinical variables that predict outcomes. 169 consecutive patients with AAV were ...
Liu Xuehua - - 2013
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious health issue that may result in high health care costs, with additional social and psychological burdens. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment has been found to be beneficial for neurological recovery; however, the underlying mechanisms are yet to be characterized. The aim of this study ...
Sikka Robby S - - 2013
Avulsion injury of the hamstring muscles from their origin on the ischium is an uncommon injury. In persons aged 14 to 25 years, such an avulsion may include detachment of an epiphyseal fragment at the growth plate of the ischial apophysis. The literature suggests that surgery is not necessary unless ...
Demiralp Bahtiyar - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to compare the long-term clinical outcomes of patients who were treated with either hind foot reconstruction or amputation in complex hind foot injuries accompanied with bone and soft tissue loss due to land-mine explosions. Between 1994 and 2004, all patients with hind foot complex ...
Moosavi Tekye Seyyed Mostafa SM Department of Anesthesiology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
A restricted sympathetic block during spinal anesthesia may minimize hemodynamic changes. This prospective randomized study compared unilateral and bilateral spinal anesthesia with respect to the intra- and postoperative advantages and complications of each technique. Spinal anesthesia was induced with 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine and a 25-G Quincke needle (Dr. J) in ...
Kim Ji-Ho - - 2013
Recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) is known to provide organ protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury through its pleiotropic properties. The aim of this single-site, randomized, case-controlled, and double-blind study was to investigate the effect of pre-emptive EPO administration on the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with risk factors ...
Chen Xiaobin - - 2014
The effects of nutrition on the mortality of cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) patients, unlike other risk factors, are poorly documented. Objective The relationship between dynamic nutritional status change and mortality in patients treated for CSCI was investigated. A retrospective study of 128 patients treated for CSCI at the Beijing ...
Lovett Carter Danielle - - 2013
Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is being increasingly recognized as a cause of hip pain in athletes and is a growing indication for arthroscopic surgery. Few studies have attempted to address patient views on outcome following arthroscopy and no qualitative studies have been carried ...
Khan M F - - 2013
Study design:Retrospective case-controlled study.Objectives:To understand the incidence of gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GIH) and subsequent mortality rate associated with steroid use after acute spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:Miami, Florida, USA.Methods:This case-controlled study investigates two sequential study groups with SCI treated by a single surgeon in a level I trauma center. The first study ...
Scivoletto G - - 2013
Study design:Administration of the walking index for SCI (WISCI) II is recommended to assess walking in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. Determining the reliability and reproducibility of the WISCI II in acute SCI would be invaluable.Objectives:The objective of this study is to assess the reliability and reproducibility of the WISCI ...
Barbanti Marco - - 2013
To assess the clinical outcomes and hemodynamic performance associated with a strategy of underexpanding balloon-expandable THVs when excessive oversizing is a concern. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is dependent on the selection of an optimally sized transcatheter heart valve (THV). An undersized THV may lead to paravalvular regurgitation (PVR), while ...
Hellström Jan - - 2013
Therapeutic hypothermia in the ICU requires mechanical ventilation and sedation. Hypothermia reduces the metabolism of commonly used IV sedatives. The use of long-acting sedative agents may confound neurologic assessment. Volatile anesthetics have been reported to provide protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury and have been safely used in the ICU to provide ...
Malcharek Michael J - - 2013
We compared two methods of asleep fibreoptic intubation in patients at risk of secondary cervical injury: the Aintree Intubation Catheter via a classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA) versus the Fastrach technique via the intubating laryngeal mask airway (iLMA). To test which system has the highest rate of successful intubations in ...
Saensook W - - 2013
Study design:A cross-sectional study.Objectives:To primarily explore types of ambulatory assistive device (AAD) used and secondarily describe walking performance in independent ambulatory patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) who walked without and with various AADs as determined using walking speed and distance walked in 6 min.Setting:A tertiary rehabilitation center and community hospitals, ...
López-Hualda A - - 2013
Recurrent shoulder dislocation is infrequent after forty years and presents different injuries than younger patients. To compare injuries and complications after surgery between one group older than forty years of age and another younger group. A review was made o all patients who had undergone arthroscopic surgery due to glenohumeral ...
van der Wilden Gwendolyn M - - 2013
Pancreaticoduodenectomy for trauma (PDT) is a rare procedure, reserved for severe pancreaticoduodenal injuries. Using the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB), our aim was to compare outcomes of PDT patients to similarly injured patients who did not undergo a PDT. Patients with pancreatic or duodenal injuries treated with PDT (ICD-9-CM 52.7) ...
Dragosloveanu Serban - - 2013
Soft tissue balance is an essential step in total knee arthroplasty by providing a good knee stability and an even distribution of load over the prosthesis components. During surgery, because of the need of having a good balance in most cases is necessary to do some soft tissue release in ...
Gautschi Oliver P - - 2013
Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major cause of death and disability worldwide. The aim of the study was to evaluate predictors for neurological and neuropsychological long-term outcome in patients with severe TBI treated according to an intracranial pressure (ICP-) targeted therapy. From 08/2005 to 12/2008, 46 patients with ...
Vaisman Alex - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Posterior acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations are frequently misclassified because posterior translation of the clavicle is difficult to evaluate in Zanca radiograph views. A novel radiographic index was used in this study to accurately diagnose posterior dislocations of the AC joint. HYPOTHESIS:This novel index has a high degree of accuracy for ...
Honeybul Stephen - - 2013
Object The object of this study was to assess the long-term outcome and quality of life of patients who have survived with severe disability following decompressive craniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods The authors assessed outcome beyond 3 years among a cohort of 39 patients who had been ...
Blair James A - - 2013
To determine the return to active duty rate of military servicemembers undergoing lower extremity limb salvage while utilizing a novel custom orthosis and specialized rehabilitation compared to those receiving a novel custom orthosis alone. Retrospective cohort study. Military Level I trauma center and tertiary referral center for limb salvage. All ...
Freppel Sébastien - - 2013
Cervical proprioception plays a key role in postural control, but its specific contribution is controversial. Postural impairment was shown in whiplash injuries without demonstrating the sole involvement of the cervical spine. The consequences of degenerative cervical spine diseases are underreported in posture-related scientific literature in spite of their high prevalence. ...
Wang Xuemin - - 2013
Abstract Study objective: To examine the effect of dexmedetomidine on CBF in critical ill patients with or without TBI. Research design: Prospective controlled trial (ISRCTN57998533). Methods: Fifteen patients without TBI and 20 patients with TBI with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 4-14 were assigned to CON or TBI groups, ...
Brown Jeremiah R JR Departments of Medicine Section of Cardiology and Community and Family Medicine, The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire. Electronic address: - - 2014
Of patients undergoing cardiac surgery in the United States, 15% to 20% are re-hospitalized within 30 days. Current models to predict readmission have not evaluated the association between severity of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) and 30-day readmissions. We collected data from 2,209 consecutive patients who underwent either coronary artery ...
Lin Chun-Hsien - - 2013
In patients with traumatic brain injury, the degree of brain midline shift is related to prognosis. In this study, we evaluated the impact of the presence of a preoperative brain midline shift on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores and muscle power (MP) improvement after cranioplasty. In this 6-year retrospective ...
Okada Kazuyoshi K Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo - - - 2013
Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare effects of frequent low-efficiency and short hemodialysis (FLESHD) and frequent low-efficiency and short hemofiltration (FLESHF) in hemodialysis (HD) patients with acute brain injury (ABI).
Methods: We randomly divided 13 HD patients with ABI into FLESHD (n = 6) or FLESHF (n = ...
Georg Y - - 2013
Aim: We reported our 10-year experience with the Gore TAG thoracic endoprosthesis for treatment of thoracic aorta pathologies. Methods: We performed a systematic retrospective study of prospectively recorded data of all patients who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) procedure with Gore TAG thoracic endoprosthesis between January 2001 and March ...
Talving Peep - - 2013
The adverse effects of liver cirrhosis on outcomes following trauma has been established in retrospective series. In this study, however, we set out to evaluate prospectively the in-hospital outcome measures in this subgroup of trauma patients. Prospective observational study of all patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit of ...
Berndtson Allison E - - 2013
The strong ion difference (SID) (apparent [SIDa] and effective [SIDe]) and strong ion gap (SIG) provide a comprehensive method of evaluating acid-base status in critically ill patients. The SID is the difference between strong cations and strong anions in plasma, while the SIG demonstrates the presence of unmeasured ions. This ...
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