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Results 401 - 450 of 2831
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Byun Jang Yul JY Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital , Bucheon , - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Bleeding control with epinephrine hydrochloride-soaked cotton packing in the maxillary sinus after canine fossa puncture (CFP) during operation is a simple method for reducing complications, especially those associated with blood leakage from the maxillary sinus into the subcutaneous tissue. Objective: Although CFP is a useful method for extensive ...
Funaki Takeshi T Department of Neurosurgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan, - - 2013
The potential for late cerebrovascular events following surgical revascularization presents a challenge in the treatment of pediatric moyamoya disease. Limited information is available on the incidence of such events after direct bypass. The objective of this descriptive study was to examine the incidence of late cerebrovascular events after direct bypass ...
Gressot Loyola V LV Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Texas Children's Hospital, and Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2013
Object Cervical spondylolysis is a rare condition that results from a pars interarticularis defect. The C-6 level is the most frequently involved site in the cervical spine. Its clinical presentations range from incidental radiographic findings to neck pain and, rarely, neurological deficits. Although 150 patients with subaxial cervical spondylolysis have ...
Lin Yidan Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, West China Medical School of Sichuan University, 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, China, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to characterize an optimal strategy in managing thoracic esophageal perforation, focusing on the differential diagnosis and treatment of patients with contained versus noncontained perforations and on the importance of the time interval between injury and repair and how that affects the outcome of a ...
Coca Steven G SG Section of Nephrology, Yale University School of Medicine, Program of Applied Translational Research, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, New Haven, - - 2013
Urinary biomarkers of AKI provide prognostic value for in-hospital outcomes, but little is known about their association with longer-term mortality after surgery. We sought to assess the association between kidney injury biomarkers and all-cause mortality in an international, multicenter, prospective long-term follow-up study from six clinical centers in the United ...
Yu Nanze - - 2013
Marjolin's ulcer (MU) is a rare malignancy arising from various forms of scars. This potentially fatal complication typically occurs after a certain latent period. This article attempts to reveal the importance of the latency period in the prevention and early treatment of the malignancy. A retrospective review of 17 MU ...
Fries C A CA The Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, ICT Centre & NIHR SRMRC, University of Birmingham, Vincent Drive, Birmingham B15 2SQ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Recent conflicts have been characterised by the use of improvised explosive devices causing devastating injuries, including heavily contaminated wounds requiring meticulous surgical debridement. After being rendered surgical clean, these wounds are dressed and the patient transferred back to the UK for on-going treatment. A dressing that would prevent wounds from ...
Andrisevic Emily E Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis; - - 2014
The debate addressed in this article is that of surgical treatment methods for a neuroma-in-continuity. The authors of this study chose to test the hypothesis that more severe nerve injuries, as distinguished by < 50% conduction across a neuroma-in-continuity, could be treated with neuroma resection and grafting, whereas less severe ...
Gille Jochen J Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, St. Georg Hospital GmbH Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
A variety of crystalloids are available during fluid resuscitation of the severely burnt patient. There is a paucity of literature evidence on the comparative influence of these with regard to clinical outcomes. Significant differences in crystalloids may be clinically relevant given the large volumes employed during shock resuscitation. The study ...
Garnacho-Montero José J Unidad Clínica de Cuidados Críticos y Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, - - 2013
A potent synergy of a glycopeptide-colistin combination against Acinetobacter baumannii has recently been described. We set out to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination in a retrospective study including episodes of ventilator-associated pneumonia or bacteremia caused by carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii. We compared 29 patients (group I) treated with ...
Hiraoka Arudo A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama, Okayama, - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate acute kidney injury (AKI) after total aortic arch repair (TAR) with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest (MHCA) and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP). A retrospective analysis was performed in 200 patients who underwent TAR with HCA and SACP between 2008 and 2012. The ...
Okada Kiyoshi K Department of Orthopaedics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2013
Evidence from a recent cadaveric study has revealed that the thickness of the distal interosseous membrane (DIOM) of the forearm shows substantial individual variations, and a thick fibrous tissue known as the distal oblique bundle (DOB) was found in 40 % specimens in the study. Another cadaveric study revealed that greater ...
Giannicola Giuseppe G Department of Orthopedic Surgery, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Complex elbow instability (CEI) is one of the most troublesome pathologies that orthopaedic surgeons have to face. One of the key requirements regarding the CEI surgical treatment is an early rehabilitation programme to avoid the elbow stiffness caused by a long period of immobilisation. Although this is well known, no ...
Zhang Jingping - - 2013
To investigate the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and identify risk factors for AKI in patients who undergo radical gastrectomy. This study included 536 patients underwent radical gastrectomy. Primary outcome was AKI, defined as a ≥50 % increase in serum creatinine relative to baseline during the first three postoperative days. ...
Masquijo Julio J - - 2013
Although percutaneous trigger thumb release has been extensively used in adults, the technique is not widespread in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous trigger thumb release in the pediatric age group. Twenty consecutive thumbs of 15 patients scheduled for surgical release ...
Johansson Malin - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to evaluate acute kidney injury (AKI) with cystatin C following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and to assess the impact of postoperative AKI on outcome and late renal function. A prospective study. Single, tertiary referral center. Sixty-eight consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis ...
Lee Dhong Won - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Recent studies have shown that lateral menisci have a higher healing potential and that they can be treated successfully without symptoms by being left in situ during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, few studies have reported morphological results. HYPOTHESIS:Stable posterior horn tears of the lateral meniscus left in situ ...
Pulugurtha Srinivas S - - 2013
This paper focuses on an analysis of pedestrian and motorists' actions at sites with pedestrian hybrid beacons and assesses their effectiveness in improving the safety of pedestrians. Descriptive and statistical analyses (one-tail two-sample T-test and two-proportion Z-test) were conducted using field data collected during morning and evening peak hours at ...
Casella Michela - - 2013
Our study aims to compare acute myocardial injury biomarker rise after atrial fibrillation ablation performed with different technologies. Methods and Results: One hundred and ten patients (pts) were treated with Pulmonary Vein (PV) isolation with 4 different technologies: open-irrigated tip RF catheter in 35 pts (Group A), cryoballoon in 35 ...
Inada Taigo - - 2013
Study Design. An open-labeled multicenter prospective non-randomized controlled clinical trialObjective. To confirm the feasibility of using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for treatment of acute spinal cord injury (SCI)Summary of Background Data. We previously reported that G-CSF promotes functional recovery after compression-induced spinal cord injury (SCI) in mice. Based on these ...
Zonfrillo Mark R - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of poor 3- and 12-month quality of life outcomes in a cohort of pediatric patients with isolated mild TBI. We conducted a prospective cohort study of children <18 years treated for an isolated mild TBI, defined as no radiographically apparent intracranial ...
Gray Kendra M - - 2013
The authors describe the case of a 36-year-old man who presented with hormone level concerns 6 months after a rock climbing accident that resulted in paraplegia. Hypogonadism was diagnosed, and the patient received subcutaneous pellet testosterone replacement therapy. Within 6 months, the patient had substantial improvement in muscle function and ...
Roos Paulien E PE School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK; Arthritis Research UK Biomechanics and Bioengineering Centre, Division School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury can result in failure to return to pre-injury activity levels and future osteoarthritis predisposition. Single leg hop is used in late rehabilitation to evaluate recovery and inform treatment but biomechanical understanding of this activity is insufficient. This study investigated single leg hop for distance aiming ...
Cates Alexis L AL William Carey University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Hattiesburg, - - 2013
Dual-Polarization Radar and Twitter were analyzed to determine the impact on injuries sustained by the Hattiesburg EF-4 tornado. Tracking data provided from the Dual-Pol radar systems in National Weather Service Jackson were reviewed. Twitter data from four local Twitter handles were obtained. The change in tweets and followers for the ...
Van Haren Robert M - - 2013
After traumatic brain injury (TBI), catecholamines (CAs) may be needed to maintain adequate cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), but there are no recommended alternative vasopressor therapies. This is an interim report of the first study to test the hypothesis that arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a safe and effective alternative to CAs ...
Snyder Samuel S Department of Surgery, Scott & White Healthcare, The Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare the results of total thyroidectomy (TT) for hyperthyroidism secondary to Graves' disease (GD) with TT for other benign thyroid diseases to determine if TT should be considered more often as first-line therapy for GD. Seven hundred eighty patients underwent TT for benign ...
D'Ambrosio A A Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy. - - 2013
In spinal anaesthesia for a Caesarean delivery, it is important to limit anaesthesia only at the surgical area, and to resolve fast motor block. We compared the intraoperative effectiveness, hemodynamic effects, anaesthetic recovery times and patients satisfaction after isobaric levobupivacaine (L) 0.25% versus L0.50% spinal anaesthesia during elective Caesarean deliveries ...
Nooraei Navid N Anesthesiology Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
In spite of several efforts for decreasing blood loss, our experience sometimes shows that some patients bleed more profusely during rhinoplasty. Patient position could have deep impact on bleeding amount during surgical procedures. In this study, we aimed to compare reverse trendelenburg position and head-up position on intra-operative bleeding of ...
Borgna Scott C SC Brisbane, Queensland, Australia From the Maxillofacial Unit and Information Technology Services, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, and Queensland Clinical Trials and Biostatistics Centre, School of Population Health, University of - - 2013
Injury has a major impact on work absence. The aim of this study was to document the rate and timeframe at which facially injured patients return to work, and to identify the preinjury and injury-related factors that affect return to employment. A prospective cohort study was undertaken of facially injured ...
Mei-Dan Omer - - 2013
To analyze fatality data associated with wingsuit use in an international case series of fixed-object sport parachuting (BASE jumping) to identify incident and injury mechanisms and to form a basis for potential prevention measures and future safety recommendations. A descriptive epidemiological study was performed of fatal injury events occurring in ...
O'Neill S - - 2013
Vascular clamping reduces blood loss during liver resection but leads to ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Ischaemic preconditioning (IP) may reduce this. This study aimed to evaluate IP in liver resection under clamping. This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating IP in adults undergoing liver resection under ...
Leitritz Martin Alexander - - 2013
To investigate the use of a small gravity- and tilt-compensated, head-fixed sensor with data-logging function to measure compliance and head posture of patients after macular hole surgery based on the recommendation of a face-down position. Main outcome measures were the median inclination, the times with correct or incorrect head position ...
Jutila Topi - - 2013
The study aimed to measure utricular function by directly quantifying head tilt in vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients using regular video-oculography (VOG) equipment with integrated head-position sensor, and to correlate the results with patients' symptoms and signs. We recorded head tilting after exclusion of visual cues (static head tilt), and after ...
Wolf Eugene M - - 2013
This paper presents the results of arthroscopic remplissage in the treatment of traumatic anterior shoulder instability in a difficult subgroup of patients with both glenoid bone loss and a significant Hill-Sachs lesion. From March 2002 through May 2010, 270 patients were treated surgically for anterior shoulder instability. Of the surgical ...
Kantor Ellen - - 2013
Object Haptoglobin allele heterogeneity has been implicated in differential reactive oxidant inhibition and inflammation. Haptoglobin α2-α2 has a lower affinity for binding hemoglobin, and when bound to hemoglobin, is cleared less easily by the body. The authors hypothesized that haptoglobin α2-α2 genotype should be less protective for downstream injury after ...
Tillou Areti - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Functional recovery is an important outcome following injury. Functional impairment is persistent in the year following injury for older trauma patients. OBJECTIVE To measure the impact of routine geriatric consultation on functional outcomes in older trauma patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In this pretest-posttest study, the pretest control group ...
Shinjo Hibiki - - 2013
The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) group proposed to adopt the 48-h time window for the 0.3  mg/dL rise in serum creatinine (sCr) proposed by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) group as a modification to the original risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage renal disease criteria, keeping the ...
Joaquim Andrei F - - 2014
The Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score (TLICS) was proposed to improve injury classification and guide surgical decision-making of thoracolumbar spinal trauma (TLST), but its impact on the care of patients has not been quantified. Retrospective study. Analysis of 458 patients treated for TLST trauma from 2000 through 2010 at ...
El Masri Y W S - - 2013
Study design:Retrospective review of findings during cystourethroscopic surveillance of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with indwelling urethral catheters (IUC) and suprapubic catheters (SPC) monitored between January 2003 and December 2008.Objectives:To audit and compare findings between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients and between SPC and IUC population. To systematically review the literature including ...
Lee Ho Seong - - 2013
Prior to 1994, plantar fascia ruptures were considered as an acute injury that occurred primarily in athletes. However, plantar fascia ruptures have recently been reported in the setting of preexisting plantar fasciitis. We analyzed risk factors causing plantar fascia rupture in the presence of preexisting plantar fasciitis. We retrospectively reviewed ...
Tourville Timothy W - - 2013
BACKGROUND:It has been hypothesized that quadriceps muscle weakness is directly associated with the onset and progression of posttraumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction (ACLR). This relationship, however, has not been studied with a prospective approach that includes the use of tibiofemoral joint space width difference (JSW-D) ...
Kwak Hee Yong HY Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of thyroidectomy using the Harmonic ACE scalpel (HS) or the LigaSure Precise (LS) instrument in conventional thyroidectomy. A prospective, randomized controlled trial was performed. Between August 2011 and June 2012, 832 patients who required thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid ...
Martinčič David - - 2013
This prospective study assessed the 10-year clinical outcomes of periosteum autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) due to cartilage lesions of the femoral condyles. Thirty-three of 45 patients (3 failures, 7 non-responders, 2 others) were available for clinical and radiographic evaluation at 2, 5, and 10 years. Patients were categorized into groups with ...
Kim Seung-Ju - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the characteristics of the discoid lateral meniscus in patients more than forty years of age. We studied whether a torn discoid lateral meniscus that has no treatment until middle age would increase the tendency of the knee to develop a varus ...
Wong S - - 2013
Background/objectives:To evaluate whether undernutrition risk measured using the Spinal Nutrition Screening Tool (SNST) and the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) is associated with worse clinical outcomes in respect of length of in-patient hospital stay (LOS) and mortality in the 12 months after admission to a spinal cord injuries (SCIs) centre.Methods:A ...
Lykissas Marios G - - 2013
Despite common utilization of intraoperative electrophysiologic neuromonitoring injuries to the lumbar plexus during lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) have been reported. Emerging data suggests that recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) use during an anterior or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion may be associated with an increased risk of neurological deficit. ...
Lahner Matthias - - 2013
An extension deficit of the elbow joint can be caused by various pathologies such as arthroliths, posttraumatic scar tissues, synovitis, capsular fibrosis of the anterior joint compartment, osteophytes in the area of the olecranon fossa or osteochondral lesions (OCL). Arthroscopic treatment is a good therapeutic option for theses pathologies. We ...
Lee Sang Hak SH Center for Joint Diseases and Rheumatism, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Seoul, - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to compare the clinical results of 3 posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction techniques according to the time from injury to surgery and remnant PCL status and to evaluate the efficiency of each technique. The records of 89 patients who underwent primary PCL reconstructions with ...
Jamison Jim - - 2013
Management of the neurogenic bladder has the primary objectives of maintaining continence, ensuring low bladder pressure (to avoid renal damage) and avoiding or minimising infection. Options include intermittent urethral catheterisation, indwelling urethral or suprapubic catheterisation, timed voiding, use of external catheter (for men), drug treatment, augmentation cystoplasty and urinary diversion. ...
Park Ye-Soo YS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Guri, - - 2013
Few studies have explored the effects of bisphosphonates on bony healing in patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery. Most previous studies used animal models and found that bisphosphonate shows negative effects on spinal fusion consolidation. We intended to evaluate the effect of a single-dose of zoledronic acid on the volume of ...
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